Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday, September 20, 1904.
THE PROGRESSIVE FARMER Democratic in 1876, 1884, and 1892. In other words, they were won by Tilden, and by Cleveland at his first and his third candidacies. They both voted against Hancock (1880), Cleveland (1888), and Bryan (1896 and 1900). To win the Presidency, Mr. Parker must carry them both. l These, with the solid South, will nve him elec toral votes,-thus: The South 151 New York 39 Indiana 15 Total 205 Since 239 votes "are necessary to elect, he would still lack thirty-four votes. "Minor battle-grounds will be New Jersey, Con necticut, Maryland, and West Virginia. These States-cast votes as follows: New Jersey 12 Connecticut 7 Maryland 8 West Virginia 8 Total 34 'Mr. Paiker, therefore, to win. the election, must carry, not only New York and Indiana, but this whole group of four smaller doubtful States as well, or other States that cast at least thirty four votes. The burden of The campaign, there fore, is on the Democrats. They will be obliged to make wholesale chances in the votes cast at the last two Presidential elections." , ... Rosso-Japanese Movements. A vivid reminder of the terrible slaughter that has been in progress in Manchuria is furnished by the report that the Japanese have had to evacuate Liao Yang on account' of the unbearable stench from dead bodies. General Kuropatkin es timates that in this battle his losses were 4,000 killed and 12,000 wounded; the Japanese killed and wounded numbered 17,500. , It is said that it may be a month now before there is another general engagement. The main Japanese army is stationed near Yentai, while the Russians, quartered in Mukden, are fortify ing Tie Pass as a place of refuge. The next serious fighting will probably be at Port Arthur. An exchange, under date of Sep tember 17th, thus describes the situation in the besieged city: "Fighting has continued at Port Arthur, the Japanese occupying several. forts for a time, only to be driven back again. Their losses have been enormous. At one time they drove cattle over the concealed mines, thinking their tramping would explode them. But the mines were not automatic. Watched from vari ous points, the cattle were allowed to pass safe ly into the Port Arthur slaughter pens. Then, when Japanese troops covered the area, the press ing of a button overwhelmed them. Another as sault is in preparation; 70,000 gunny sacks have been ordered from Port Dalny, and 60,000 more looked for, to be filled with sand and used to fill up portions of the moat protecting the Russian right. Russians are reported to be paying fifty cents for unexploded shells, indicating shortage of ammunition.'' What promised at one time to be a serious in cident for the United States was the arrival 6f the Russian warship Lena for repairs in San Francisco last week. Immediately the Japanese government filed a formal protest against our allowing her to remain longer than twenty four hours. The matter . was finally settled by President Roosevelt's, decision that while for the purpose of again attacking the Japanese, the vessel might be repaired here on condition that it take no further part in the war. The Russian Government accepted the latter alter native. . Watch the date on your label, and renew when your subscription expires. AND HOW YOUR SUBSCRIPTION. Through the long summer season though our expenses are just as heavy in summer as in winter our subscribers have not been , dunned or "re-J minded" by editorial or by circular. Now, how ever, that the summer is over and the days cooler, the subscriber will please remember that again, like Matthew of old, we are sitting at the receipt of custom, and we shall not be offended in the least if we have to work overtime entering re newals and new subscriptions. In other words, please look at the date on the little red label, and if your subscription has ex pired, send us your renewal and your neighbor's subscription. Let us hear from you. Over 2,000 net gain in number of subscribers since January 1st that is one record, and we must make it 3,000 before Christmas. TEACHERS' READING COURSE. We hope that the announcement of the Teach ers' Reading Course, as published in ast week's Progressive Farmer, was brought to the attention of every rural public school teacher of reading as a means of self -culture and intellectual broad ening can hardly be overestimated, and the cost is remarkably small only $2 for the ten paper bound books and a year's subscription to The Progressive Farmer,' in which the subjects are to be discussed and the general course directed by the Secretary, Miss Ada Womble. This movement was inaugurated by the Wake County Woman's Association for the Improvement of Schools, and is endorsed by Superintendent J. Y. Joyner. Of course we are glad that The Progressive Farmer was chosen as the medium through which to reach the teachers. Every teacher who wishes to join the course should immediately forward his or her order to Miss Ada Womble, Secretary, Raleigh, N. C, who will also be glad to give any information, that may be desired regarding the project. Already books have been ordered for between 100 and 200 mem bers, and the first of the series of articles will appear in next week's paper. Instead of paying the $2 in cash, any teacher so desiring may get the course absolutely free by sending $6 in new subscriptions to The Progres sive Farmer at our regular rates (see page 16) ; or $3 in new subscriptions and $1 additional will pay for the course. Prompt action is very essential. IMPROVE THE HOME GROUNDS. There were flowers in the garden of Eden, planted by the Creator, for man to care for and keep. Man may have homes without flowers and still be refined and happy possibly. But the les son Eden teaches is not suggestive of this. The flowerless home is not the ideal home de signed -by the Almighty assuredly not the hap piest home. Flowers enhance the value of the farm by add in to its' beauty; for however much men may ridicule the" idea, it -is no less a fact that the large majority of mankind is influenced more or less by beauty in their business transactions. If a man is about to buy a farm, he will pass by the place where the house is unpainted, with no fence enclosing the grounds, and weeds and rubbish occupying the front . yard to where the house shows evidence of taste, the grounds clean and free from weeds, with vines twining about the d5or and windows and . the yard brightened by shrubbery and flowers, although he may know the former place will produce more and better crops than the latter. ' The garden or dwelling place is not complete without a lawn. The space in front and upon one side of the house at least should be .devoted to grass. Evergreens and other shade trees may be set at irregular, natural intervals in the lawn. If the lawn bo extensive, beds of flowers, or foli-1 age plants, may be made which will add to the beauty of the place. ' A few walks should be laid out also; but let door and a narrow one leading around to the rear of the house is generally sufficient. If a driveway is necessary let it be as artistically laid out as the walks. Do not cut up your lawn with walks and roadways any more than is absoutely ncessary for convenience. Too many of them spoil the effect. . Curved walks are far more- pleasing to the eye and foot than straight angular ones. Nature baa ffiw anoflpa onrl manir hennti-fnl mirvpa. A beautiful lawn is possible to every farm, and flowers may be as abundant as the birds in the trees. O. W. BURKETT?. A THOUGHT FOR THE WEEK. Truth is our element of life, yet if a man fasten his attention on a single aspect of truth, and apply himself to that alone for a long time, .the trijth becomes distorted and not itself, but false hood; herein resembling the air, which is our natural element, and the breath of our nostrils, but if a stream of the same be directed on the body for a time, it causes cold, fever, and even death. How wearisome the grammarian, the pherenologist, the political or religious fanatic, or indeed any possessed mortal, whose balance is lost by the exaggeration of a single topic. From Emerson's Essay on "Intellect." t A Message to Young College Students. "I propose to give you the master word of success. It is the open sesame of every portal, the great equalizer in the world, the true philoso pher's stone, which transmutes all the base metal of humanity into gold. The stupid man among you it will make bright, the bright man brilliant, and the brilliant man steady. With this magic word in your heart all things are possible, and without it all study is vanity and vexation. . . . . And the master word is WORK. Dr. Wjlliam Osier. ! . Home-Made Philosophy. Contentment is a mighty good thing, but some folks are so easilv contented that t.bp.v tiavat Tin-u anything else except contentment. Our Home. The sage of Marshville gets off a good deal of fine philosophy on the front page of his paper, but he never made a better shot than when he pulled his trigger in the above paragraph. Charity and Children. We print in this number a photograph of the Agricultural building of the North CarolinaCol lege of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts at Raleigh. It is an impressive structure, great, modern, beau tiful. We attach great importance to it, however, because it stands for a great piece of news, mark-' ing a turning point in North Carolina life: It reg isters the choice of the Commonwealth. It was proposed ten years ago tnat we snouid become an Industrial Commonwealth. The prosperity of the factories carried us all in that direction. But for five years now the tide has been running toward the farm. The country school, the country home and the country church have made more improve-, ment than the cities and towns. The young men are going back to the farm. This building means that they shall go back with better knowledge"" of that greatest of callings, more skillful, stronger to achieve and worthierof the work of making a great Rural Commonwealth. We feel that the hourNis appropriate for recog nizing four men who have had a hand in bringing forth this building: Governor Aycock, Clarence H. Poe, of The Progressive Farmer, Charles W. Bur kett, Professor of Agriculture, and President Winston. Biblical Recorder. We thank the Recorder. There are others, . TinwAvpr wlin rlAsprvA pvpti mnrfi credit than the County. Whenever the Agricultural Building is mentioned, Mr. Scott's name should be remem bered Editor Progressive Farmer J