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The progressive farmer and the cotton plant. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1904-1905, September 27, 1904, Image 8

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Tuesday,. September 27, 1904.
The Progressive Farmer goes to press too early
to give an outline of Judge Parker's letter of ac
ceptance and this bids fair to be the' chief topic
of discussion for some days to come. Judge Jar
ker has heretofore been entirely too mild-manner
ed and soft-spoken in his public utterances to
arouse enthusiasm, and it is to be hoped that he
will put a little Rooseveltian strenuosness into his
letter of acceptance. There was great interest in
the Democratic State Convention of New York
which met in Saratoga last "Wednesday, but party
dissensions prevented the nomination of a strong
candidate likely to appeal to the independent
vote. Mr. Fairbanks published his letter of ac
ceptance Monday, but it contained nothing sen
sational : he is too strict a party man and too cold
and. calm in temperament for that. In the Far
East there was continued inactivity of the war
forces. - The coronation ' of Peter Karagebrge
vitch as King of Servia was the chief event of the
week in Europe. v
New York Politics.
In the Empire State neither party seems o
have named its best man for Governor. Higgins,
the Republican nominee, is scored by the New
York Sun, of his own party, which said of him
the day before his nomination:
"Mr. Frank Wayland Higgins has neither the
character nor the ability to qualify him for the
governorship of the State of New York. If we
were living in the millennium Mr. Higgins might
do for Governor, if everybody else was busy. Bu
this is not the millennium, and perhaps Mr. Hig
gins will serve as well as any one as a figurehead
to point the way to overwhelming and Reserved
disaster." !
The nomination of Higgins did open up a fine
opportunity for tjie Democrats,' but it looks as if
they failed to improve it.- Either Edward M.
SliciSnFo r Vint 1". J erome strong, clean, brave
men would have made an excellent candidate,
1 i. A. X I.- n J . J T J TV J
uui me luciiuiis quarreiieu, unu uuugu xj. vauy
Herrick is to oppose Higgins for the Governor
ship. The New York Evening Post, for which a
large portion of the independent vote looks for
counsel, has this to ay of Herrick:
"The Evening Pos. cannot advise anybody to
vote for D. Cady Herrick. His ability we do not
question. On the bench, so far as we know, he has
been an impartial judge. But are we to attack
Odellism with a candidate adept in all the dis
reputable arts of Democratic politics in Albany
County? Are we to preach judicial propriety
while nominating a man who has been a locat
party boss though a judge? No; earn
estly desiring as it does the success of the Demo
cratic national ticket, the Evening Post has its
own character and consistency to sustain, and
will not support Herrick for Governor. In pass
ing by Jerome and Shepard to nominate him, the
Democratic Convention deliberately threw away
its great opportunity."
Judge Parker has done himself credit by send
ing a letter to the handbook committee urging
that there be "no word in it that reflects iipon
the personal honor and integrity of President
Roosevelt." Thoughtful American citizens will
echo Judge Parker's protest against a campaign
of personalities and it is to be hoped that edi-
iuis aim ciiiiuuuisi in uum pariies will laKe 11 to
heart. '
The Editor returned Friday from a four days'
trip into South Carolina, whither he went for the
Tmrnnsfl of mirchasinff the Greenville Cotton
Plant, as explained in the "Announcement
ly reported, f rom day to day a series of events
which indicate that mob murder will not much
Two weeks ago we noted that the Statesboro, Ga.,
Methodist Church had passed resolutions looking
to the expulsion of any members who participated where in this number. And while in this an-
in the" recent burning at that place, and that in n0uncement we have referred to our "expansion,
Danville, Va., seven white men had been fined and jt snouid be understood that this is not imperial-
sent to jail for attempting to lynch a negro a isn but merely "benevolent assimilation." It is
few weeks ago. In last week's paper we recorded our am to extend very greatly our circulation in
the fact that the grand jury in Huntsville, Ala., Virginia, Tennessee and Georgia as well, and
had indicted ten citizens of that place for alleged wp Hoda our nresent readers in these States will
participation in a lynching, anil that Governor
Terrell had ordered a court martial of the officers
who failed to make proper resistance to the mob
which recently disgraced Statesboro. The last
seven days have brought out no less encouraging
indications of the South's determination to up
hold the majesty of the law. A reward of $250
Jias been offered for the arrest and conviction of
assist us in this effort. v -.
The f armers in South Carolina, except the rice
planters, are in better condition than at any time
for twenty years. The advance in cotton prices
has brought about an almost marvelous improve
ment, and better methods of farming are also
any member of a mob which hanged a negro in coming into use. The rice farmers, however, are
Franklin Co., Ga., a few days ago. The Hunts- not prospering at thistime. The large areas in
ville grand jury indicted sixteen more persons Texas and Georgia recently planted J;o rice under
for engaging in a lynching bee two of these be- the; direction of great syndicates has resulted in
ing. even now in jail and recommended the im- lowering the price, and the middleman also fig-
peachment of officers who tamely surrendered to ures m the matter absorbing a lion s share
the mob. And over in Talbotton, Ga., a citizens of the profits. .Hon. E. J. Watson the efficient
mass-meeting was held last week which stronglyj Commissioner of Agriculture and Immigration,
condemned the recent action of a mob in that is now endeavoring , to bring about more modern
community, and resolved to prosecute those who J methods of growing and handling the crop, giving
participated. especial attention to co-operation in cleaning and
These are straws which show which way the marketing.
wind blows. The South has come to see" that the Cotton everywhere is opening earlier and more
basis of all law and orderis the right of the gov- rapidly than the writer has ever knowii before,
ernment to fix penalties and punish criminals for The United States Government report, printed
every offence. Anything else looks to the destruc-i in last week's Progressive Farmer, and showing
tion of public safety. We cannot encourage a 390,414 bales ginned to September 10th this year
hundred men to disregard law without encourag- against only v 17,587 bales ginned to same date
ing the individual to disregard law; we, cannot last year, is explained when one takes any ex-
encourage law breaking to gratify vengeance tended trip through the Cotton Belt. In upper
without encouraging law-breaking to gratify hate South Carolina there will be little of .the crop to
or greed or lust.
The Russo-Japanese Struggle.
In the Far East last week brought no important
developments. It is reported that the Russians
have ignored flags of truce, and the hate of the
J apanese is said to be so bitter that a general mas
sacre of the Russians is feared in case Port Ar
thur should fall. Prince Radizvil says that among
the heaps of dead about Port Arthur he "saw two
soldiers, one a Russian and the other a Japanese,
lying locked in a death embrace. The teeth of
gather after October 10th. Farmers and crop
correspondents should emphasize this matter of
early opening, for the bulls are certain to use
the present heavy receipts as an argument that"
there is an enormous crop.
South Carolina is making most creditable prog-
ress in public education. Fifty years ago one of
her Governors declared in a famous message that
if the State had to choose between supporting
higher colleges or the public schools, she should
into the eye-sockets of his antagonist." This il
lustrates the savage ferocity of the opposing
forces. '
Minor News Notes.
the Japanese were sunk- in the Russian's throat, cnoose the higher colleges. "Better one sun than
while the Russian had forced two of his fingers a. million stars,". he declared. But the people have
now come to see the fallacy of his argument. In
tellectual wealth, like material wealth, must be
widely diffused if a State is to prosper. Even
as a State is stronger with a hundred thousand
independent .middle-class home owners than with
A great meeting of cotton mill men mahuf ac- a great body of paupers and a few multi-million-
turers of hard or weaving yarns is now in ses- aires so as Thomas Jefferson declared: "Were
sion in Charlotte. The call sets forth that a necessary to give up either the primary or the
deplorable condition of affairs now prevails umversity, I would rather abandon the latter be-
among the manufacturers engaged in the manu- caus it is safer to have a whole people respectably
f acture of weaving or hard cotton yarns, caused enlightened, than a few in a high degree of sci-
largely by the disparity now existing between the ence and many m ignorance. This last is the
price of v yarn and the cost of the raw material most dangerous state in which a nation can be.
and the only, apparent possible way to bring about ke natins and governments of Europe are
An Anti-Lynching Crusade.
It is very evident that the South is fast coming
to a realization of the danger she suffers from
allowing irresponsible mobs to punish criminals
for any offence whatever. Without any general
concerted movement, the newspapers have recent-
a change of existing conditions is for a general
conference of all spinners interested." Impor
tant action will undoubtedly be taken at this
Prince Herbert Bismark, who died last. w(vV
was the son of the Iron Chancellor, and the gfeat
German hoped to make this son his succssor.
Son'and father quit the Emperor's serving tAcrMh.
er at the time of Bismarck's dismissal.
Cjovernor Montague, of Virginia, has fnrmnlW
announced his candidacy for the United States
Senate as the successor of Senator Martin. As
Martin is seeking re-election, this means a iively
contest in the Old Dominion. Governor Mon
tague is one of the ablest and most nonular Gov
ernors Virginia has had, and Senator Martin is
one of the most skilful political managers in the
country. .
proofs of it."
The average length of school term, we believe
is now a little longer in South Carolina than in
North Carolina. The State tax is three' mills, and
hundreds of school districts supplement this by
local taxes not exceeding four mills. In many
communities, too, the people seeing that it is
fitting that the rising generation which is to be
strengthened and enriched by the schools, should
share the expense of improving them are issuing
bonds to build better houses and to equip them
better, v
The most popular educational innovation of
recent years has been the rural school library law,
copied from the North Carolina statute, and
adonted by the General Assembly last winter. Five

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