Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday, October 11, 1904.
PROGRESSIVE FARMER AND COTTON PLANT. himself, however,, is undoubtedly a sincere man who doesn'tiare a straw which partyvis helped or hurt by his advocacy of his principles, and it id not surprising that he should gain strength by the defeat of Bryanism in the Democratic Party. But while Watson will hurt Parker in New York, in North Carolina his ticket, which is soon to be announced, will probably draw even more votes from Roosevelt than from Parker. That i3 to say, Watson's supporters here will be chiefly men to whom Cleveland Democracy is" even more distaste ful than out-and-out Republicanism. "If the Re publicans are paying him to run," says an Iredell Republican, "they are very great fools." Watson is to speak once more in North Carolina at Tar boro, October 27th. ' The Plain Unvarnished Story of the World's News. When a man is doing the right thing as he sees it, and doing this right thing as hard and as fast as it ought to be done, he hasn't very much time to give to critics that ubiquitous class of people so aptly described by the Autocrat of the Break fast Table in the famous remark: "The human race is divided into just two classes those who go ahead and do something, and those who sit still and say, Why wasn't it done the other way?" We are half inclined to believe that it was a pretty good rule laid down by the English clergyman who said : "Never explain, never apologize, never re tract, get the thing done and let them howl." Still we purpose taking up enough space right here, to say that The Progressive Farmer is not the organ of any party Democratic, Republican, Populist, Prohibitionist, Socialist, or even Wo man Suffrage is not run in the interest of any party, receives no aid from any party, and owes nothing to any party. It is independent of parties a party affiliation, but he believes that "he serves his party best who serves his country best," and that it is an editor's duty to tell the plain truth about his own party and all other parties in order may be rebuked and corrected. As for the man who is running a newspaper to get an office, he disgraces the name of editor and should only be called a politician advertising himself never a journalist. This department of "Current Events" is govern ed by the same motive which directed us to say when we began it two years ago last week: "The reader, of course, will not always agree with us in what we shall say, and sometimes he will be right and we wrong. But this liability to error is tho common misfortune of all men, and no man has a right to keep silent when he feels that he ought to speak, or to fold his hands when he feels that ho ought to work, simply because Providence didn't see fit to make him infallible. It is our duty only to speak the truth and defend the right as God gives us to see the truth and the right." "The Progressive Fanner" says an esteemed contemporary of course, it is esteemed after be ing so nice "is a great paper not only for farm ers but for progressive people generally." And that i3 just exactly the kind of paper we are try ing to make. We have a great many subscribers who do not farm but still find it worth while to read a paper which tries to give an accurate rec ord of current events and seeks to help the reader make a life as well as make a living. A THOUGHT FOR THE WEEK. To believe your own thought,to believe that what is true for you in your private heart, is true for all men, that is genius. Speak your latent con viction and it shall be the universal sense; for always the inmost becomes the outmost, and our first thought is rendered back to us by the trum pets of the Last Judgment. Familiar as the voice of the mind is to each, the highest merit we ascribe to Moses, Plato, and Milton, is that they set at naught books and traditions, and spoke not what men, but what they, thought. A man should learn to detect and watch that gleam of light which flashes across his mind from within, more than the lustre of the firmament of bards and sages. From Emerson's Essay on "Self Reliance. WHEN THE WORLD IS AT ITSBEST. Along with the news of the more strenuous sort, with the stories of war and politics and finance and industry, should it not also be now recorded, that we have come upon the most glorious weather of all the year a time when it would "be Paradise enow" to spend one's time just "living out doors and being happy?" The nights are just cool enough to make sleeping a joy and the days are just warm enough to make the sunshine a bene diction. It is of such a season that Emerson speaks in a paragraph well worth reprinting here : "These are days wherein the world reaches its perfection; when the air, the heavenly bodies, and the earth make a harmony, as if Na ture would indulge her y offspring, when everything that has life gives signs of satisfac tion, and the cattle that lie on the ground seem to have great and tranquil thoughts. The air is full of birds; and sweet with the breath of pine, the balm-of-Gileads, and the new hays. Night brings no gloom to the heart with its welcome shade. Through the transparent darkness the stars pour their almost spiritual rays. Man un der them seems a young child, and his Jiuge globe a toy. The cool night bathes the world as with a river, and prepares his eyes again for the crimson dawn." It is at such a time as this, too, that the towns man needs to quit the office for a day or two and go back to the woods and if he is a country-bred townsman he will hardly be able to resist the temptation. As Dr. Charles H. Spurgeon has so beautifully said : "He who forgets the humming of the bees among the heather, the cooing of the wood pigeons in the forest, the song ofhe birds in the woods, the rippling of rills among the rushes, and the sighing of the wind among the pines, need not wonder if his heart forgets to sing and his soul grows heavy. A day's breathing of fresh air upon the hills, or a few hours' .ramble in the beech woods' umbrageous calm, would sweep the cob webs out of the brain of scores of toiling men who are 'now but half alive." AGRICULTURAL FEATURES OF THIS NUMBER We promised our readers last week that The Progressive Farmer and Cotton Plant would be favored from this time on with more contribu tions from Agricultural Editors Burkett and Kil gore. Dr. Burkett is proceeding to "make good" without delay, and our readers will be gratified to learn that Professor Kilgoref is recovering from his recent illness, and will be heard from in the near future. Next week Dr. Burkett will discuss "Cattle Feeding" and also "Cowpea Hay for Horses." Dr. Stevens' article on "Treatment of Oats, Wheat and Rye for Smut" is one no grain-sowing farmer should overlook. Since smut means an annual loss of nearly $100,000 on North Carolina's oat crop alone, the importance of this subject is not easily overestimated. In "A Visit to a Progressive Farmers Home" our readers will find an example worth copying in many respects. "The Sage of Harmony" is one of The Cotton Plant's old correspondents, and we are glad to hear from him. And this reminds us that we have for next week an excellent article on alfalfa and clover by President J. Washington Watts, of the South Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical So ciety. Mr. Watts is 85 years old, but he has the experience of age without its feebleness. Dr. Freeman's tribute to spraying deserves at tention. Now is the time to get the bulletins he mentions and prepare for spraying next season. It's the only way to insure good fruit crops. N Mr. W. F. Tomlinson's illustrated article on good roads is both well-written and effective. Our readers will be glad to learn that he is to furnish us another good roads article soon. It is just as important to select good seed for cotton as for com. On page, 5 Mr. C. B. Williams repeats the directions for selecting cotton seed previously given in these columns. In our next number Mr. R. E. Pittman, of Pitt County, N. C, will describe one of the simplest, cleanest, cheapest and most satisfactory of all cow stalls. It is such an admirable arrangement that the city man who made the drawing for us from Mr. Grif ton's sketch, declared that it made him wish to buy a cow and build such a stall, and he believed that other people would envy him the mere pleasure of milking in it. Next week, too, we shall give an article by Sec retary Jno. P. Allison, of the Southern Cotton Growers' Association, reviewing the recent meet ing in St. Louis, and the usual Cotton Plant de partment "Thoughts for Farmers," copy for which reached us just too late for this number. CITY PHILANTkROPY VS. RURAL PHILAN THROPY. The Charlotte Observer in a very courteous and straightforward reply to our editorial of last week admits that there is nothing in the charge that the so-called "Ogden movement" is going to do harm by meddling with the negro problem. But the Observer is very much afraid that this accept ance of money to aid our rural schools will weak en the character of the Southern white man. It repeats in substance its editorial of some weeks ago: "The South has been in hard lines. It may be that it had no business to go to war in 1861. It may be that that was a grievous fault, but.if so, grievously has it answered it. Let it go. Four years after the beginning, it had nothing -to look upon except a scene of utter devastation, and the situation it confronted was one of utter pov erty and apparent hopelessness. No helping hand was outstretched to it thenno hand held food to its hungry mouth, much less offered to establish schools to educate itsc hildren. And it was better so. The indomitable spirit of the race remained, and it scrambled to its feet, somehow." x Now the fact is that it is no new thing for Southern education to receive A-5E0ES9a4-minded men of wealth in other sections. "George Peabody gave to the public schools of the South $3,500,000 and nearly another $1,000,000 to the Peabody Institute in Baltimore, to Washington College in Virginia,' and to other Southern educa tional enterprises. These gifts began in 1867. Slater gave $1,000,000 in 1882 to the education of the colored people." But the Peabody Fund affords the closest analogy for the Observer's proposition. -This fund has been used in stimulat ing and strengthening nearly every city public school system in the South and nobody has yet claimed that the citizens of Raleigh or Charlotte or'Goldsboro or Spartanburg or Columbia have been injured in character by this co-operation with the Peabody Board. Nor has the Observer ever seen in the Peabody Fund any "insiduous at tack upon the high spirit of the Southern white man. Why then should it protest so strenuously against having the General Education Board (working in harmony with our own Southern edu cational leaders) spend such money as may be given it in helping rural public schools in the South, just as the Peabody Fund has been used in helping our city public schools? Are our city people so strong in character that outside aid does not affect them injuriously, while to our country people such assistance would be ruinous ? So long as the General Education Board works "through Southern men, in harmony with South ern conceptions, and in conformity with the edu cational system of our Southern States," its plan for aiding rural education, in our opinion, de serves the same hearty encouragement that was given the Peabody movement inurban ftducation. Cotton Farmers' Meeting:. The Cotton Farmers' Convention will be held at the State Capitol Wednesday night of Fair week, October 19th. Don't fail to attend.