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PROGRESSIVE FARMER AND COTTON PLANT.. ; LTuesday, October 25, lSOi. Borax in Food. The very common practice among v famers of usinjr borax in the curing " of bacon, as was shown some time since in the Pool discussion on the curing- of meat, makes the investiga ; tions that have been carried on by Dr, Wiley of 'the Department of Ag riculture, very important. Several strong young men were experimented on and. borax and boracic acid used in various quantities in their, food. When the doses were large the. results were a persistent headache, fullness in the head and a clouding of the mental faculties. While very small amounts did not seem - to produce appreciable results, the conclusion was that when such materials, not ncessary nor natural in foods, exert a very marked injurious effect when used in large quantities for a short time, they would certainly produce a bad effect when used, for a long time in very small quantities. The general conclusion is that it is not advisable to use borax or preserva tives of that character in articles of food, intended for common use. At ine time this matter was discussed in the Pool, and so many stated that they used borax on their bacon, we said that our opinion was that the practice was . a bad one, and that there is no need for the use of borax in the curing of meat. And the only advantage in the use of saltpetre even is to give the meat the desirable red color. Good salt is nil that, "is really necessary, in the curing of meat. Practical Farmer. Hold On to the Hegro. .But" notwithstanaiTIg -these'' and many other faults which he has, we are "not prepared to swap the negro for the Chinaman. The negro is herer and he is here to stay. He knnTC.Q triA rTrT linn onrl tto r-rx rrxr ?f and there is no danger to be feared along the line of social equality ,if the South is left to solve its own prob lems. We can protect ourselves by such legislation and such manage ment as the case demands. But if you substitute the Chinaman, or any similar race of pauper labor. from the old world, we cannot so success fully do this. There will always be trouble along the line of social equal ity, inter-marriage and miscegena tion. So for this reason, if for no other, we prefer the negro race to any other for the South. Again, we know the negro's char acteristic shiftlessness. We know that what money he earns he will spend right here among us, and that his entire earnings will thu3 be a perpetual contribution to the re sources of the country and will help to keep plenty of . circulating .medi um in motion. With the Chinaman as a laborer, this matter would be different. He would hoard his earn ings, and they would be sent back to the mother-country, and they would thus be taken entirely from our incomes ; or he would soon be come an investor in real estate, and in a short time buy our heritage from under us. Neither of these results are at all "desirable. Again, we do not care to have any large influx .of paganism. or. superstition, or Buddhism, or Confucianism, or any other "for- eignism" transplanted among us. We are glad 'to know thatf'the South has not yet reached the place where we need an additional lot of human machines, of men brought here just because they have so much muscle and so much power of indur- ance. When it comes to the ques tion "of importing mere labor-power, we infinitely nrefer a real wood or metal machine to a human machine. If we must be dependent on machin ery, let it.be the real thing. And in this direction we think we can Ibok far the safe solution of the labor question. Use more and better machinery. Southern Cultivator. Farm Work as Attractive as City Work. The funny ( ?) editor of the city paper bemoans the hard lot of the farmer, who must plow, harrow, cul tivate and harvest and spend his life at the worst kind of drudgery. The city man intimates that the-farmer is the hardest worked individual on earth. Now is this true? The farm? er of to-day,- if- he will, may ride when he plows, ride when he harrows, ride . when he plants, ride under an umbrella when he cultivates, ride when he cuts his hay or his grain, ride when he rakes his hay. ride when he drives the team which ele vates, his hay to stack or mow, ride when' he cuts his corn. In other words, a great part of the drudgery on a farmjbas been eliminated. True, there are some disagreeable and heavy tass winch, must be . done by hand, but these are becoming less and less formidable each year. Then the busy, season lasts only six or seven months. How about the great majority of people who live in the cities? A very small per cent have short hours and comparatively easy tasks. The bulk of the population work in factories, shops, stores and on the streets every week day in the year (and many on Sundays) no matter what the weath er. The air is not too pure; they are under a constant strain which breaks them down comparatively early in life ; competition for a place is so great that steady employment cannot be assured; they never know what really good meats, fruits and vegetables are ; their homes are small and associations are not the best. The farmer's' boy should not become dicontented or led astray by the city dweller, who does not know what real comfort is and who . has no con ception of affairs, outside of his cir cumscribed circle. Selected. I have employed my leisure mo ments for the pa3t few days in sblic- 'ug subscriptions, and have suc ceJed in obtaining a few names nf gentlemen engaged in planting. I trust tney will enjoy the papers and find them so necessary that they will become permanent subscribers. If at any time in the future I can se- cure subscribers for - the paper I'll take great pleasure in sending their names on, for I think it a paper every farmer should have. - The en- closed list is only from now till Jan uary 1st. J. H. J. AYSCUE. ft. Pleasant, S. C. '" Save Half In Fruit -'Trees Wo Soli to farmers and Cardonors at WholesaleRates. . r Choicest stock of Fruit Trees in the country. All the large Improved Peaches affording luscious fruit from May to November. AH the superb ap , pi 68 and pears covering the whole year. Mammoth delicious plums, cherries, grapes, rigs, asparagus, rhubarb, etc., etc. Largest Shippers of STB1WBSRRY PLANTS in the world. All trees, etc., delivered FREE. 130-page Man ual telling how to grow all kinds of Fruit, Free to Buyers. v Write now for catalogue for fall planting.. Men tion this paper. CONTINENTAL PLANT CO., Ktttrell, N. C. Job P. Wyati& Brds. WE SELL- Wheat and Fertilizer Drills Disc, and 8pike Tooth Harrows, Genuine "Oliver" Chilled Plows, Walk ing and Biding Cultivators, Walking and Biding Disc Plows, "Tor nado" Feed Cutters, "Hoosler" Corn Drills. "Deering" Harvesting Ma chinery, (iantt" Guano Distributors, Land Boilers, "Deerlng" Huskers and Shredders, "Gardner' Pea Hullers, Corn Shelters, Grain Fan Mills . Horse Powers, Cider Mills, Cotton Gins, Field Seed - And Almost Everything That a Farmer Weeds. JO 13 IP. WYATT & BROS. IReileigjti, ." North Carolina. ; - preader Izers. Leads every other machine for the mechanical spreading of manure. Its superiority ap pears in the fact that it is a dis tinct improvement on the Kemp Spreader, which we still manu facture and which has been the typi cal Spreader for 25 years Spreads all manures of every character and condition and all commercial fertil- FulTCnzeS and SDreadS evenlV. thick or thin, broadcast or drills In -n-c nvdK!tH nnanritv rwr rr nnlnadinir h large&t load in 3 to 5 minute; apron, automatically returns to position In the next 65 feet driven. A SPECIAL FEATURED MACHINE ror ronvenlence or handling and perfection of work. Notably superior in its Beater Freeing device,Dlrect Chain Beater Gear, Speed Regulation and Automatic Return of Apron. Positive and dependable in all movements. Sim plest in Rear, lightest in draft, least chance for breakage. -The driver never dismounts for any purpose but con trols everything from his seat. Made In four sizes and sold under strongest guarantee as to materials. -workman- ship and duty. Investigate fully before During. Catalogue with valuable chapter on farm fertilizing mailed free. KEMP d BURPEE MANUFACTURING CO. BOX 453. SYRACUSE. N. Y r ovvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvo The Southern Railway Sections Favorable to the Location of Farmers. The Farmer who is not satis fied with the prices he is ob taining for his products ; , who desires an agreeable change of climate, xMwho is anxious to obtain a home at low cost, should buy a farm in the vicin . ity of some busy manufactur ing center of the South, whei e farming products are the high est, the prices of land the low est, and climate and surround ings the most agreeable. For printed matter giving full particulars, write . M. V. 17 C H A 17 D G, Land and Industrial Agent Southern Rail way, Washington,. D. C. : : : : ovwvwwvvwwwvwwo When writing advertisers nlease mention this naper. PERSONALLY CONDUCTED TOUR TO THE WORLD'S FAIR, NOVEMBER 10r 1904, VIA SEABOARD AIR LINE RAILWAY. The Seaboard Air Line Railway announces their last personally con ducted tour to the World's Pair on Thursday, November 10th, leaving Raleigh at 4.00 p. m., Wilmington "at 3.20 p. m., Charlotte at 7.25 p. rri. "Connection will be made from all other points in the State. Through service will be arranged from Wil mington, Charlotte, and Raleigh. ' This is the last special train of the season to the World's Fair, and special low rates will apply from all' points on the Seaboard and its con nections. ... This party will be in charge of a representative of the Seaboard, who will look after the comfort and pleas ure; of the party and arrange for them , to get located at hotels, or boarding nouses where the party may desire to. stop in St. Louis. For circulars and pamphlets, apply to C. H. GATTIS, T. P. A., : ' . - - - - Raleigh, N. C. ANY WOOD IN ANY POSITION ON ANY CROONO, If Ian Feidina Rnafe O MEN wtth Iilall Sawing Machine UBaiS L Crosscut Saw o to w orua aaiiy is the usual average rar one man. . SAWS DOWS Our 1905 Model Machine saws faqtpr. runs n4 ni t longer than ever. - Adjusted In a minute to suit ft 13-year-old bov or the ctronmtt nun. SmuI tnr -atalrwv ehuj.. Improvements. First order gets agency. raaiazsawiDi aiach. bo., It bo. Clin ton St, Chicago, III.