Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday, December 6," 1904.
PROGRESSIVE FARMER AND COTTON PLANT. Mutton Growing a Profitable Industry for Farmers. i- . ' -'.V: After the. exhaustive and conclusive, series of articles on "Profitable Sheep Raisin? in the South," contributed to The Progressive Farmer by Mr. Samuel Archer, it ought not to be necessary to refer often to the . subject in our columns. We do find, how ever, m the current number jf Wallace's Farmer so strong an argument in, behalf 'of en larged sheep flocks that we ' cannot afford to pass it by. Says Dr. Wallace: - "Blessed is the man that has a flock of, mutton sheep 1 i ana jsnows now to take care of them. They are sure money-maker3; just as sure as Government bonds or first- class railroad bonds, and pay ing three or four times thp interest. The farmer who through evil report and good report has held , on to the sheep, not becoming scared at any tem porary depression or threat Of tariff removal, or anything else, has made good'money right 'along, and will make more money than ever in the future. His farm is comparatively free from weeds where- OOn f1TI rrfO T(l nnrl hin Innrl ,n stantly growing richer. "Why do we prophesy better returns in the fu- turei xsecause, nrst, tnere nas been a wonderful decrease in the Australian flocks, from whence has come our main supply of fine wool in years past". - "Second, because there has been, and will con tinue to be,a decrease in the available area for oiiccrp ,Luz.iiig uai me raugesj pariiy oecause oi xne appropriation of large tracts of territory for Government- reservations" andf olflrrlgatloiTlJuT . ITOScs, parxty uecause we suuep ai. out ine nauve grasses which cannot be readily restored, and part ly because of the innovation of tne nester, or homesteader, and the out and out purchase of rail . road lands for cattle growing purposes. This condition of things is permanent. "Third, because there has-been a decided in crease in the demand for mutton, which in turn has been the result of. the introduction of the mutton sheep. It is popular to eat mutton now. It was not a few years ago." This condition,-too. is permanent. "In addition to all this there has been a de- and also of the Continent, so that in time to come America must be depended upon to furnish a still larger amount of J;he prime mutton to the mutton eaters of the Old World. The feeding of sheep has been very profitable, in the years past so that there has been a demand for immense num bers of lambs from New Mexico and other mutton fr-rnTiTiTKT rliQfriP.ts - "The decrease in the .acreage that can be de voted to sheep husbandry will shorten very great ly the supply of feeders and the time will come, and that soon, when the Iowa and Nebraska feed er will have to either grow his own lambs or' pur chase them from neighbors who do grow them, for this reason, that the great advance in the price of wool and the eager inquiry and offers to con tract for next year's clip 'and the rapid advance of fine wool the world over will cause, and if causing, many ranchmen" to resort to fine wool bucks in order to improve th'e quality of their wool. This will at the same time decrease the mutton quality so that it will not be possible when I this movement is fully under way and its effects are .clearly visible to buy sheep of the mutton type for feeders in the corn and gras3 States. We, therefore, urge our readers who have mut ton flocks" to hold on to them and to increase them I . " y fjt f- ' Si ? w FLOCK OP SOUTHDOWN SHEEP IN VIRGINIA.ION SOUTHERN RAILWAY. up to one hundred head on each quarter section of land. Do not get the fine wool craze. The Rambouillet, however, are not objectionable; in fact, there is one strong point in their favor, that they are not so affected with the stomach worms. Use in your flocks either Southdown, Cotswold, Hampshire or Oxford rams. Keep your flock in good shape, and you will make money by it. ' "We have for nearly twenty years been urging farmers to fence their farms sheep-tight and be gin with a flock of twenty-five head of ewes, thus cleaning up what would otherwise go to waste, making mutton out of weeds" and enriching their farms. It would seem to us that all these years we have been talking to deaf ears. We have re garded this as the s'oundest kind of agricultural .teaching, and have wondered why it has produced so little effect. 'The time will come, an4 is com- this advice, profit by it, a'iid wonder why they did not profit by it a long time ago. , ; "The -causes that have led to the present strong demand for mutton and wool are for the most part permanent. We earnestly urge every farmer who can afford to put up the right kind of fences, and shows any indication of sheep sense, to invest as soon as possible in a flock of twenty-five good mutton ewes, mate them with a buck of the breeds above-mentioned, and make some good money. If the farmer will not do it, let the boy take it up. The boy can make money on sheep even if the old man cannot." A Few "Don'ta" for the Poultry Raiser. Messrs Editors : Although this is a" queer head ing for an article, I believe that a little advice along this line will be beneficial to many. In the first place, we will -consider the yearling, or we might say, the molting hens. It is very essential that you Don't forget to furnish them with plenty of feather-growing food, if you wish your fowls to pass through the molting season in the shortest possible time. Green cut,bone, sunflower seed, lin seed, meal and clover are excellent for this pur pose. m ' ' Don't keep hens which commence to molt after October 15th or November 7th, no way, unless they are valuable specimens. If you do you . will be out the cost of theii food until they commence to lay in March. ' Don't think because' your fowls are not laying very well "just now that is an economy to cut down their feed supply and lessen the care you have given themv If you do this you will be sorry next winter. Don't keep cocks or cockerels with hens during the molting season. Both sexes are better off by themselves. "" Don't forget to spray the roostsand nests every other, week with some good lice killer. Kerosene oil is all right, but it should be used every other , day, at least, as it is not very lasting. ; If you forget all the above, don't forget to give your poultry houses a thorough cleaning. Disin feet by burning sulphur for two -or three hours arid give the interior a thorough jtfhite-washing. Hens like a house that is white inside far better than one lined with black paper. If you use black paper on the outside, use it under the clap boards. Some fine day this month is a good time to gather some leaves to use on the-floor of your house next winter for litter. You will find that it will pay to do this. x ' . If your hen-house roof leaks, or if the windows are broken out, don't forget to repair them before, the winter gets too cold, or you may have a few cases1 of roup on your hands. "--j i g "-t i stock. will not be out of place. In the . first place, don't let cockerels and pullets runtogether unless you wish to lose money and time. Both will ma ture earlier if kept separated. " Don't feed the cockerels the same ; as you feed the cockerels which you are preparing for market. The pullets need less corn and more wheat and OatS. '':'- Don't keep pullets confined in a small yard all the time. Let them out for two hours at night and note the. improvement they make. Don't force one hundred pullets to roost ''where, there is room for only fifty, unless you wish them to Jiave roup. . v " Don't let these terrible mites get a foot-hold in your coops or you will lose your summer's profit. Last, but not least, don't neglect to give all the fowls an abundance of grit, shells, charcoal and fresh water every day, and don't fail to lay in a supply of cabbage, beets, turnips and small po tatoes to cook for the fowls during the winter. a farmer; Cleveland Co., N, C. - - : :.i Dairy Experiments. ; The Kansas State Agricultural College Expcri- ment Station, loea ted at Manhattan, has just is-. sued Bulletin, No. 125, "Experiments with 'Dairy Cows." This is an extensive publication, giving experiments, some of which have extended over three or four years' time and touch upon nearly every phase of the dairy industry. Among the experiments recorded are some with ordinary, grade cows, some with grade cows selected for their dairy points; and others with pure-bred ani mals. Experiments are also described in feeding cows, both in the stable and on pasture. Much information is given concerning testing milk and the conditions which cause variation in the re sults. This ibulletin, like all the. others of the 4. Station, will be sent free of charge to any farmer applying for it: 1