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PPOQRESSIVE FARMER VOL. XIX. NO. 51.
TILE COTTON PLANT VOL. XXI. NO. 60.
RALEIGH, N. C, FEBRUARY 7, 1905.
Weekly $ I a Year.
A POULTRY DEPARTMENT.
Some Progressive Farmer readers grow cotton;
some, tobacco; some, truck; some wheat; some,
corn and so on and so on. But whatever else he
may raise or not raise, every subscriber raises
hens. And the hen's universality makes her a very
commanding figure in agricultural finance. Thus
it is a fact that the poultry and eggs raised in the
one State of Missouri last year were worth more
than the purchase price of all the Louisiana
Territory from which a dozen States and Terri
tories have now been carved. Or to come nearer
home, statistics show that the poultry and eggs
raised in North Carolina any year are worth
more than our wheat and oat crops combined;
worth more than our hay and forage crops ; worth
more than one-third our cotton crop or two-thirds
our tobacco crop.
In view of these too little appreciated facts,
there is probably just ground for the criticism
that The Progressive Farmer until now has given
too little attention to poultry subjects. But this
hall not be true any more. We have now made
arrangements with one of the most successful
poultrymen of the State, a man with fifteen years'
experience in managing hens, to conduct a poultry
department for us, and this will appear regularly,
beginning next week.
We hope that our readers will co-operate with
the editor by writing their experiences and sending
him such questions ag they may wish answered.
Proper Cultivation of Tobacco.
Messrs. Editors: Tobacco is like most other
crops, the best time to cultivate is before planting.
Land well broken is half cultivated. Ilowever,
don't let the plant suffer for plowing or hoeing.
The time to break the land depends on what
growth is on the land. If there is a growth of
broom sedge, plow in late summer or early fall. If
hog weed or other annual plants, early winter
will be time enough. The next plowing should be
in February or March, when the rows are run off
three and one-half feet, and manure applied
when it is to be used. When only two tons or
less of farm-yard manure are used, better results
are obtained by drilling; when more, it is desirable
to broadcast; when manure is drilled, bed the
land, drill the manure in the water furrow and
over lightly. About the 1st of April run a fur
row with a sweep in the water furrow, mixing the
manure with the soil, drill the commercial fer
tilizers in this furrow, cover with two furrows of
a turning plow, and leave until ready to put out
plants. When the plants are large enough to
transfer to the field, run a log over the list, thus
leaving the land nearly level and a fresh place to
set the plant. Give each plant thirty inches in the
drill. The first cultivation should be given as
seon as the plant has taken root. Great care
should bo taken to break the crust around the
young plant. This has to be done with hoes. Then
cultivate after every rain as soon as the nature
of land will permit, giving deep cultivation at
fiist and shallower as the plants get larger. After
the tobacco hag begun to spread, the land should
be stirred very shallow, one inch or two inches,
as the lateral roots are then reaching out for
food and moisture. Often the firing of tobacco
is charged to the fertilizer when the cutting of
the roots by improper cultivation is to blame.
GEO. T. BULLOCK,
Department of Agriculture Test Farm, Rocky
Mount, N. C.
Profits in Canning Fruits.
Mossrs Editors: Farmers are now looking for
something to take the place of a part of their cot
ton crop, and with your consent, I desire to call
attention to what can be done in the way of can
ning fruits and vegetables. The farmer raitsej the-
fruits and vegetables and can allow them to re
main on the tree or vine until thoroughly ripe
and thereby acquire their most delicious flavor.
lie can gather and can them same day without
bruising or injuring them. This cannot be done
in the large factory, therefore they cannot com
pete with the farmer in quality. He does most
of the work, with the aid of his own family, and
it is done during summer months when other
work is over, which gives him another large ad
vantage in way of profits. His goods are the
very best and a finished product, therefore he
can have a voice in pricing them a luxury which
is denied him in raising cotton, but which he
might bring about by diversifying. The profits on
an acre of canned tomatoes or string beans will
run up to several hundred dollars when rightly
managed, and all the work is done on the farm,
and the amount that can be saved by canning
and marketing the peaches, apples, berries, etc.,
that are usually wasted, will surprise any one who
has not duly considered it. 1 think this subject
worthy of investigation by all our progressive
farmers. T. 31. RANEY.
Orange Co., N. C.
Notice to Cotton Growers.
The New Orleans Cotton Growers' Convention
recommended that township meeting of cotton
growers be held February 11th, and county meet
ings February 16th. I trust that these dates will
be followed by our North Carolina farmers. The
date of our State meeting will be announced next
week, when the Editor has asked me to write at
greater length for Progressive Farmer readers.
JOHN S. CUNINGHAM,
President North Carolina Cotton Growers' and
Business Men's Association.
INDEX TO THIS NUMBER.
102 10, I. C. Wade - . 9
Canning for Farmers, T. H. Raney 1
Cultivation of Tobacco, Geo. T. Bullock. .. . 1
Current Events : Editorial Review 8, 9
Dr. Freeman's Health Talk 6
Fertilizers for Cotton, B. W. Kilgore 2
Improving Country Schools, W. T. Cutchin. . 10
In Robeson and Johnston Counties, H. M.
Nature Study Literature, F. L. Stevens 5
New Orleans Cotton Convention, T. B. Par
ker ." 4, 5
Onions and Bunch Crops 3
Opposes Ransom Movement, J. D. Yates. ... 5
Peanut Growing, H. N. Clark. . . . 1
School Law Hard on Teachers, E. G. John
Some Things to Plan For Now, C. W. Bur-
South Carolina Alliance News, A Farmer. ... 5
Terracing Again, Wake 3
Thoughts for Farmers, Charles Petty 3
Valuable Stock Book Free, Stockman 3
Warren Alliancemen, J. H. White 11
Departments": Markets, 5; Home Circle, 6; So
cial Chat, 7; State News, 12; General News, 13;
Teachers' Reading Course, 14; Sunshine, 16.
The Best and Cheapest Way to Cultivate and Cure
Messrs. Editors : To make good peanuts, break
or furrow the land good in May. Run your rows
two and one-half feet apart. Put in 200 pounds
of acid phosphate in the drill. Make a list on
same with a small wing or B. D. plow without
splitting the middle. Plant with the Cole planter,
eight inches apart, Spanish peanuts. When the
peas begin to come up, run a weeder cross-wise
the beds or rows. Then wait until all peas are
up good, and then run cultivator (with small or
narrow teeth on) as close to peas as you can
without covering up. Do not let them get grassy.
Cultivate the balance of season with cotton
plow, and the last plowing ridge up the dirt good
around the vines. Let them remain until the
vines begin to show signs of being ripe. Then
take B. D. plow, with only point on, and run
furrow to the row directly under the vines to cut
the top root. Let the hands follow with pitch
forks and turn the roots up to the sun. Then
let remain until vines wilt enough to make good
hay (about two days), then with horse hay rake,
rakein windrows as you would hay while there is
no dew or water on the vines. Then haul to the
barn and pack away.
If they get a little hot, it will not hurt either
the vines or nuts, unless you disturb them while
in that condition. When you go to thrash several
months after, you will -find nice, clean white nuts
and beautiful hay or vines.
This is my experience for the past two years'.
I give it to the public to benefit some poor farmer
who does not see any crop to plant except six-
The vines will pay all the expense of the crop
and leave the nuts for profit; and the vines thus
treated is the best feed I can get for old stock.
My mules kept fat for four months without any
corn, fed on peanut vines alone. I have nothing
to sell or gain, only the good-will of my fellow-
HENRY N. CLARK,
Proprietor Hazel Dell Farm. .
Halifax Co., N. C.
Reckon the days in which you have not been
angry, l used to be angry every day; now every
other day; then every third and fourth day, and
if you miss it so long as thirty days, offer a sac
rifice of thanksgiving to God. Epictetus.