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PROGRESSIVE FARMER AND COTTON PLANT.
Tuesday, March 190 8 . "- - , . , TH6 ProoP6sslV6 Farmer AND THE COTTON PULNT. (Consolidated September 27, 1901.) Entered at Raleigh, N. a, as second class mall matter. CLARENCE H. POB, B. W. KILOORB, 1 C. W. BURKETT, J Editor and Manager. Agricultural Editors. CURRENT EVENTS: THE DRIFT OF THINGS AS WE SEE IT. Last week was notable (1) for the inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt for what is practically his second term as President, (2) for the renewed activity of the Russian and Japanese armies, and (3) for tho number of important matters dis posed of in the closing hours of Congress and our Legislatures. The Inauguration of President Roosevelt. Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States, is to-day a man much to be envied. In the prime of life, strong with the strength of an athlete, with the plaudits of a mighty nation to spur him to his best, he takes up on of the greatest tasks ever given to men of our time. Other men have come to such high positions in old age "weary and old with service," like Wol sey, and like him, having "sounded all the depths and shoals of honor:" cynical, cold, with all their ardor and enthusiasm spent in the seeking of the place. Much more fortunate indeed is tho pres ent head of our Nation, finding his work while yet in his manhood's prime vigor. And there is much for the President to do: he need not sigh vainly for the strenuous life. And while his love of battle and fighting has been so often discussed, he does not fail to see that peace hath her victories no less renowned than war. To bring about a reasonably wise and equita ble solution of the trust problem, for example, would be a far worthier achievement thim was the winning of the War with Spain. Just how far Mr. Roosevelt can succeed in this direction does not yet appear, but he is certainly hastening the day when many of the hoary abuses yet with us will be finally swept away railroad rebates and the more flagrant tariff extortions among them. If his party is wise, it will stand with him in these measures. If it should refuse, there will certainly be a breaking away to the Democratic Party in the next election a defection probably large enough to end Republican supremacy. In fact, so careful a journal as the Review of Re views declared last month that "if Speaker Can non's views regarding the tariff should prevail, the country must expect to see a Democratic House of Representatives elected next year." Mileage Grab by Congressmen. The Senate of the United States has been for a long time under suspicion because of the large number of representatives of favored corpora tions who find a place there, but it was the House for which the country had to blush last week: The mileage grab was utterly disgraceful. Each member, we believe, receives ten cents a mile for coming to each session of Congress. Last fall, it will be remembered, there was an extra session, for which mileage was paid, and which extra ses sion lasted until ther egular session began at noon December 1st. There was not an hour's inter mission not a minute's, in fact: nobody was at any expense for traveling, not even a 'nickel for street car fare. And yet by virtue of the ancient law "Let him take who has the power, And let him keep who can" the Representatives boldly voted themselves $190, 000 in mileage for the "imaginary trip each Congressman took to his home and back again in a second of time." That a majority of our Ameri- can-House of Representatives should exhibit such a shameless snirit of greed, grab and gralt, is enough to make us quit posing as models for the benicrhted Hindoos, et cetera. But it is at least gratifying to see that the South is standing by its old ideals, and that the opposition to the mileage steal was led by men from the South. Mr. Maynard was the only Rep resentative from either Virginia "or North Carolina to favor the measure, and we take it that an ex amination would find South Carolina - with an equally creditable record. One other gratifying thing: When Mark Twain broke his leg, the Christian Scientist doc tor told him it was purely imaginary and gave him absent treatment; whereupon Mark showed his faith by paying the bill with an imaginary check. So while the House played Christian Scientist in asking pay for an imaginary trip, the Senate, in accord with the eternal fitness of things, is' going to let the payment be also imagi nary. The House therefore will be richer in nothing but contempt for its indefensible exhibi tion of greed. Judge Swayne, the Battle Flags, and the Jamestown Exposition. But there are some pleasant as well as unpleas ant things to record of Congress. For one thing, the Civil War is over. It will be forty years next month since, Lee "the very greatest of all the great captains that our -English-speaking peoples have brought forth," as Mr. Roosevelt says laid down his arms at Apomattox.1 Forty years and "the thoughts of men have widened with the pro cess of the suns." with the process of the same." Twenty years ago Mr. Cleveland's recomenda- tion for the return of the captured Confederate battle flags stirred up the bitterest indignation, and the scheme had to be abandoned. Now the measure has passed both Houses of Congress with out a dissenting vote. The North Carolina flags will be put in the Hall of History in Raleigh, and the representatives of the Confederate regiments in other States will decide as to the disposition of their historic banners. Our Virginia friends, of course, are interested in battle flags, but they have given more attention to the Jamestown Exposition Bill than any other measure claiming the attention of Congress at this session. At one time it looked as if utter failure awaited them, but persistence finally brought its reward: .$250,000 is now to be given for the celebration and for a monument to com- menorate the Jamestown Settlement of 1607. President Fitzhugh Lee hopes to have the Exposi tion ready year after next as originally planned. Last week in Concress began with the acquittal of Judge Charles Swayne, of the Northern dis trict of Florida, against whom impeachment pro ceedings had been instituted. On most of the charges only the Democratic Senators voted for conviction, but on his abuse- of power in con tempt proceedings the vote was 35 quilty to 47 not quilty. The decision seems to have been largely in the nature of a trade, it being under stood that Judge Swayne would resign immedi ately. Russo-Japanese Activity. The war between Japan and Russia goes on in deadly earnest. Most of us expected a period of rest till spring should open up, but not so. Terri ble fighting between the two armies was again reported last week, and victory again appears to have smiled on the Japs. The talk of peace negoti ations also subsided last week. Nobody seem to know what the Czar's attitude is, and he doesn't seem to know himself. The truth is, he is the vic tim of a system no less surely than is the humblest peasant; and without sufficient strength of char acter to rise superior to circumstances. But the war cannot leave Russia as it found it: that is UUpUoOlUlc . " "WAJJliig flg never before. The trades-unions are centres of revolutionary activity, and the Russian Govern- ment must yield somewhat to the modern spirit or perish. Meanwhile "at St. Petersburg the strike goes on and off like an electric current and at the week's close it was on, having broken out afresh at the Putiloff Iron Works. At War- saw . the situation continued very bad. The soldiery have been obliged to take the places of the striking railway employes; they occupy the gas works, guard the telegraph lines, and, in fact, are jamming down the safety valve by main force." Adjournment of the Legislature. Before this issue of The Progressive Farmer and Cotton Plant reaches the larger number of its readers, the General Assembly of North Carolina will have adjourned. On the whole, it has been a conservative and useful body. No monumental achievement stands to its credit; but on the other hand, it has not made rash blunders; and the time did not call for any notable changes in our State policy. The personnel has been good: men of character and intelligence; not gifted, but sen sible, straightforward North Carolinians. Both Houses have been singularly free from the domi nating influence of leaders; unlike the average Legislature, no half dozen men have towered above their fellows as the chief factors in law making. When the Legislature opened, seven things were mentioned as chiefly claiming its attention as fal lows: "(1) Temperance legislation. (2) Divorce reform. (3) Payment of bonds pronounced good and collectible by the Supreme Court. (4) In crease of salaries of judges. (5) Large increase of provisions for the asylums of the insance. (6) Improvement of anti-child-labor laws. (7) Ee- f ormatory for youthful criminals." It may be worth while to take our bearings now, and see what has been done as to each of these issues. Temperance and Divorce Legislation. First, as to temperance legislation. Here no long stride forward has been taken nor was it asked even by the temperance forces. The Ward Bill was only for closing up some gaps left in the Watts Law by the last Legislature, and it is sin gular that a measure directly affecting such a small number of places should have aroused such determined hostility. And yet it looked at one tima as if Mr. Glenn Williams and his lobby of paid attorneys (backed by the letters of endorse ment from Governor Glenn and others) would se cure a continuation of the special privileges given Shore, Williams and Advance two years ago. The Ward Bill simply prohibits the manufacture of li quor in towns of less than 1,000, and means that the big distillers, the men of wealth and party influence, must share the fate which met their smaller brethren two years ago. It was not expected at any time that the anti- jug law which by a mistake in phraseology two years ago was made to apply to the whole State instead of to four counties only would be held in tact. As passed last week, however, the new law applies to the larger part of the State. Much more radical than the change in temper ance laws is the reform of the divorce statutes. Heretofore North Carolina has stood well abntf with South Dakota in this matter, but the united action of .our religious denominations last year has brought about some sweeping and salutary changes. The Scfhaer and the South Dakota Bonds. It was with reference to the third issue, howev1? the settlement of the Schafer and South Dakota bonds that the Legislature" faced its most puzzling situation. These bonds, it will be remem bered; were honestly voted to aid the building of the North Carolina Railroad, - and they were se-