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Tuesday, March 28, 1905. :
PROGRESSIVE FABMER &KD COTTOK PLAKT. : ; 3 inch rubber hose about eight feet long, having . the : spraying end at tached to a liht stick the same length, will raise the nozzle high enough to -spray most trees. If the trees fcre very- large, one can climb into them, draw up a bucketful of mixture, set it firmly among the branches and send the pray over the entire tree. Farm and Fireside. uydki Q) Veterinary Inquiries Answered. Messrs. Editors: Last fall ; I bought a five-year-old horse which I use to ride and drive only. He was thin when I prot him and has pained very little flesh since. He eats grain well,' but will eat very little hoy or corn stover. Have very best timothy hay. He Seems to crave dirty, dead grass, and even dirt. J. M. (Answer by Dr. Tait Butler, Veteri narian North Carolina Depart ment of Agriculture.) The horse is evidently suffering from some derangement of digestion. Eating dirt is -a depraved appetite frequently resulting from an exces sively sour or acid condition of the stomach. Your correspondent does not state the kind of grain fed, hut if this be corn, and his coarse fodder be tim othy hay and corn stover, the ani mal is not heing fed a properly bal anced ration which may account for his condition. I refer J. M. to my article in The Progressive Farm er for November 8, 1904, which treats of the feeding of horses. For this animal, I would recommend such a variety of food as will supply the de mands of his body and of the work he is doing. If your correspondent will indicate the feeds available, their prices, and the work the horse is doing, I will be pleased to suggest a suitable ration for his horse. For digestion, regular, but moder ate exercise, is essential. To aid in correcting the present trouble, one grain of strychnine and one ounce of hyposulphite of soda, night and morning, will be serviceable: In conclusion, I advise cutting down the feed of this horse to one-tenth hi3 usual ration and then adding one tenth each day, thereby having him back to full feed at the end of -ten days. By this time he will probably be ready to eat all that he should re ceive. Sitting Leghorn Hens. Messrs. Editors: Wb read with interest all Uncle Jo's "Poultry Talk," but in his last article he in forms an inquirer from Harnett County that it is useless to try to set a Leghorn hen. It is in her behalf that we ask of you this space, and wc hope you all will pardon a little per sonal reference. We have had as many as one sit ting at once, and if Uncle Jo or any Progressive Farmer readers will come to our farm in April or May we will show them fine broods of chicks following their hustling, ever-watchful Leghorn mothers. We have a Brown Leghorn pullet that has laid all winter now sitting on fourteen lovely white eggs. Not full blood? Why, they're been bred for seven years, and every year replenished by stock from both North and South from best of breed ers. MRS. E. L. McNEILL. Moore Co., N. C. Spraying the Orchard. Hundreds of people who own small orchards would like to spray their trees, but are deterred therefrom by the cost of a spraying outfit usually recommended by writers. For spray ing a few trees all the outfit that is necessary is a barrel to mix the poison in, and a small sled. One made of two planks four feet long will do. La-- them side by side and fasten them securely to-gether by means of strips of board nailed across them. Chip off the under side pf the front edges, set the barrel on it, mix the spraying materials, and with one horse draw it into the orchard and wherever needed. A good snray-numD . for a few . trees does not cost much ; a piece of half- Chufas, A Valuable Nut Crop. The chufa (cyperus esculentus) is a variety of "grass nut," but should not be .confounded with cocoa or nut grass. Although it belongs to the same species, it is easily eradicated and never becomes a pest. "Earth nuts" and "earth almonds" are other names for the same plant. - It grows on light, sandy soil, producing starchy roots or bulbs about the size of peanut kernels. Great numbers of these bulbs are attached to the plant's roots, ancl lie so near the sur face that by pulling up the plant a handful is easily obtained. These nuts, when dry, are very palatable and nutritious, much relish ed by children both young and old but are mostly grown in the South for fattening hogs. There is no more convenient or desirable crop for this purpose, as the hogs not only harvest the crop, but feed them selves while doing so, taking on flesh rapidly and making pork of fine quality. Poultry are very fond of this nut, and the . scratching necessary to get them give active exercise chick ens are supposed to need. The plant thrives on sandy, lands in the lower South, and produces well on soil that is too thin for arti chokes. Potash fertilizers, however, are desirable. Cultivation is about the sp.rne as for peanuts. Plant in April in rows three feet apart ten or twelve inches in the row, cover light ly and give clean but shallow culli vaiton. Crops muture in September, and remain in the ground until wanted. The plant reseeds itself, as the nut can remain in the ground all winter without injury. There is much of value in this crop if properly handled, and its ex tended introduction on sandy South ern lands for ho-raising is cer tain to produce desirable results. American Nut Journal, Petersburg, Va. Timely Hints for Stock Men. Feed the brood sow oats and bran and very little corn Do not allow the brood sows to become fat or the pigs will lack vigor. Make pens warm for the sows to farrow in. Many pigs will come this month before the weather is warm. It pays to watch the sows closely and give needed assistance. Early calves from the dairy herd that are not sufficiently valuable to raise can be profitably made . into veal. While veals that are raised on whole milk are the finest and bring the best price, skim milk can be fed to a large 'extent and still produce prime veals. March calves reach the market when veal is high. There is a large and growing de mand for real lamb meat, less than a year old, juicy, tender and well fin ished. The lambs dropped this month, if pushed, will be in form to datch the top of the market. The ewes should be well sheltered, have plenty of dry bedding and be judiciously fed. Give the mare and colt a warm box stall and allow them to run out in the barn-yard or paddock for a short time on pleasant days. March colts are not as desirable as those foaled later, although it is sometimes con venient to have the mare ready for spring work. Farmers' Voice. Mr A nn M Willi? p 111 Thousands of dairy farmers are going: to buy a Cream Separator this Spring. The purchase of a separator is a most important invest ment. Great care should be taken to make no mistake. No other farm investment is of equal importance to the cream separator. It makes or wastes money twice every day in the year, and it may last two or twenty years. ' There is easily a difference of from $50 to $150 per year between the benefits and savings of a De Laval machine and a poor one. A De Laval machine lasts at least twenty years with small cost for repairs, while other machines last from two to ten years and cost a great deal meanwhile. So far as advertisements and circulars are concerned, about as much is claimed "on paper" for poor machines as for the De Laval. Some of the biggest claims are made for the poorest and trashiest machines. ' If the buyer wishes to be guided by the best experience of others and best of quality he must purchase a De Laval machine, and he can surely make no mistake in doing so. - ' Ninety-eight per cent of the creameries of the world, which have been using Cream Separators for twenty-five years, now use De Laval machines. Almost every prominent dairy user does so. Six hundred thousand farmers scattered all over the world, or more than ten times all others combined, do so. Every important Exposition for twenty -five years, ending with St. Louis in 1904, has unhesitantingly grant ed Higest Honors to the De Laval machines. But, if from any imaginable reason the buyer wants to get his own experience or make his own choice, then let him TRY as many machines as he pleases, but by all means TRY- a De Laval before he reaches a conclusion and actually invests his money in any of them. There are De Laval agents in every locality whose business it is to supply machines in this way, and who are glad of the opportunity to do so. If you don't know the nearest agent send for his name and address. It will cost you nothing, and it may save you a good deal. - . By all means don't make the foolish mistake of sending you money in advance to -some "mail order" concern and getting -back a "scrub" separator not actualy worth its weight in scrap-iron. If content to buy such a machine, at least SEE and TRY it first before you part with any money. he He Randolph A Canal Sts., CHICAGO. 1213 Filbert Street, PHILADELPHIA. 9 A 11 Drnmm St., BAN FRANCISCO. aval Separator Co. GENERAL OFFICES): 74 Cortlandt Street, 'NEW-YORK. 12i Yonvllle Square, MONTREAL. 74 fe 77 York Street, TORONTO.! 248 McDermot Avenue. WINNIPEG.