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PROGRESSIVE FARMER AND COTTON PLANT.
Tuesday, April 25, 1905, MAKING A0NEY FROM TRU6K CROPS. Qualities the Successful Trucker Must Possess -Rules for Profitable Marketing- A Review of Trucking Development in Eastern North Carolina. shipped from both of those places an nually. T rr'wo this brief review of the Messrs. Editors: The development of Eastern North Carolina since the introduction of strawberry growing and general truck farming has been a series of surprises, even to those living in that favored section, and who had confidence in its future and possibilities. When, about 1863, at Goldsboro, Davis Cloud & Co., of Virginia, at tracted by the advantages of the soil and climate of that section of the State, began the cultivation of straw berries on a large" and commercial scale, little was it thought that in the 'few years that have elapsed the in dustry would develoD into such mag nitude as it has now assumed. The compartments of the express car, which carried their daily shipments, have been replaced with solid trains composed exclusively of express cars supplemented with long fast freight trains of refrigerator cars loaded entirely with strawberries. The Day of Small Things In Tracking. The industry that those gentlemen introduced into that section has widened and developed until to-day there are thousands of farmers who are engaged in berry growing in what is known as the strawberry belt, extending from Goldsboro to Chad bourn, the products of whose farms bring into the State from other sec tions more than a million dollars an nually. No other branch of the trucking industry has been instru mental in developing the country more, nor in giving employment to so many people, as strawberry grow ing. It was about the eyar 1870 that Mr. John Rhem, of New Bern, a na tive North Carolinian, conceived the idea of growing general truck peas, beans, potatoes, etc., at that place for Northern "markets. Mr. Rhem was a pioneer in general truck farm ing in this State; and some years af terward extended his operations into other States south of us. In those days he was probably the largest truck farmer along the Atlantic coast, growing in one year as many as COO acres in garden peas, besides other vegetable crops. Cabbage growing was introduced into the Eastern part of the State on a commercial scale some years later, Morehead City being selected as the place to test that special in dustry. So well did they grow in that locality that it was but a short time before the growing of that crop was profitably introduced into other parts of the coastal section, and now cabbage are successfully grown in al most every community, car-load3 of them being shipped from New Bern and other points daily throughout the season. Newbern Leadn In General Track Shipments. On account of the very fine cli mate, soil and transportation facili ties, New Bern is still in the lead in this State as a shipping point for general truck. Large quantities of lettuce, asparagus, peas, beans, cab bage, potatoes, cucumbers, canta loupes, etc., are shipped in their sea son from that point to the different markets in this State and Virginia as well as to Northern markets. Per haps the steam plants for lettuce growing at that place are the finest in the South; also the profits from lettuce, grown as they grow it there, are almost marvelous. My impres sion is that lettuce was grown as a money crop at Fayetteville and at crive truckincr industry in this State that we may see from what small begin nings great industries will grow. Should one who was familiar with the barren savannas and piney woods along the lines of the old W. & W. R. R. and the W. C. & A. R. R. now pass there in the midst of the ship ping season, seeing the wagon loads of ripe strawberries and observe the activity and bustle of shippers at the stations which were unknowrn until within the past few years, he could understand how the magic touch of the industrious truck farmer and berry grower has transformed those desert-like places into fertile farms, making that country the most pro ductive part of our State. What It Takes to Make a Successful Trucker. However, let no man decieve him self by thinking there is nothing to do in the trucking section but to "rake in the shekels." The successful truck farmer must of necessity be a thorough going, progressive farmer, ever 011 the alert. There is no branch of farming in which intelligent labor, snap, push and good judgment is so absolutely necessary as in truck farming. One must keep abreast of the times, and push his work instead of allowing his work to push him. He will study the markets and their re quirements, his soils, environment, etc. This is education. He broadens and develops into a better farmer. His ideas expand and his ideals are raised. He finds that he must cater to the best trade to get the best prices. He must be straightforward in his dealings and methods so as to gain and hold that trade. I have known certain growers to get one or two cents more for their berries than some other shipper would get simply because their berries were honestly packed, the berries in the lower tier of cups being just as good as those in the upper tier, and the berries in the bottom of the cups just as good as those on top. Buyers are not usually fools. They soon learn which marks are poorly packed and which ones are honestly, packed. They are not caught by the looks of the berries on .tops, but dive down into the bot tom of the crate and empty a basket so as to see how they are there. If after examining a few crates in that way they find them to be honestly packed, and that particular suits them, they take the entire mark. Af ter getting the same mark two or three times, and find them as-represented, they will place orders for'tha particular mark ahead of arrival and at the highest price for that class of goods. Right Marketing Is Half the Battle. It is too late now to discuss crops to plant, preparation of lan4, etc., for crops have already been planted and most of them up; many of them in time to be killed by the recent cold snap. But it is not too late to dis cuss marketing, so I will briefly men tion some things essential to best results. The first thing to consider is qual ity of goods to be marketed, for good quality will usually make a mar ket where there is any demand for such goods. In marketing it is al ways better to make two or three grades of the .goods to be shipped and send them to different markets so as to not allow the inferior goods i-v vsvjmv iu. cuiijpemion witn tne bet- Wilmington before it S at New her quality. At any rate" do bo Mb Bern, and great quantities are yet J both grades to thame man. llao f 4"k T 150.000 Dairv FannenslH mm II are going to be added.to the big army of more than 600,000 usera.of I IK LAVAL during the year 1905. the The all important profit-earning, time-saving need of Cream Separator is now universally recognized by everyone. As between different separators the De Laval is the original, and has for twenty-ffve years led in centrifugal separation. Would be imitating machines simply utilize the construction which ex pired De Laval patents leave free to them. New patents still protect modem improvements. rV The St. Louis Exposition gave the Grand Prize (very highest award) to theDe Laval Separators and three Grand and Gold Medal prizes to its inventors and improvers, while the Grand Prize and Gold Medal batter exhibits were all De Laval made. A catalogue and any desired particulars are to be had for the asking. I The De Laval Separator Co. General Offices : 74 Cortlandt St., NEW YORK Randolph & Canal Sts., CHICAGO. 1213 Filbert Street, PHILADELPHIA. 9 & 11 Drumm St., SAN Fit AN CISCO 121 Youville Square, 75 & 77 York Street, TORONTO. 248 McDermot Ave.. WINNIPEG. o 0 4 k put goods up in attractive packages, exercising care in packing, having all packages well filled, for no man wants to huy a poorly filled package if he can get one well packed. Cultivate home markets. It is of ten the case we send our products to the large markets and have them sell for a mere song when we could have received good prices for them nearer home. But in developing home mar kets do not use inferior goods, but send the best you have to them. Ac quaint yourself with the commission merchant to whom you ship-. If pos sible become personally acquainted with him. When you have found a straightforward dealer who gets you the top of the market, stick to him, and usually he will stick to you. Do not continually jump from one deal er to another. Any good business man will take care of a steady cus tomer in preference to an occasional shipper; therefore if the market is glutted or in a precarious condition the steady shipper is likely to fare better than the jump-about. Making the Land Pay the Largest Profits. Truck crops, except berries, as paragus, and crops that continuously occupy the land, admit of two or more crops on the same land each year. -The thoughtful truck farmer will arrange for these after-crops in advance of planting time and always with a view to the crop that is to oc cupy the land the succeeding year, endeavoring in the meantime to give back to the soil enough vegetation to keep up a supply of humus. Such foresight is absolutely necessary. I know of no work more fascinat ing than that of truck farming; and none requiring more capacity and general information. Prosecuted in an intelligent way, it is usually prof itable, and at times very remunera tive. I have known several thou sand dollars per year to be made on truck farms of less than a hundred acres hi cultivation; but prices at that time were better than they are now. Of course truck farming is at tended with anxiety and disappoint ments as other business operations are. On a well regulated truck farm one day everything may look pros perous and the owner radiant with hopes. A drop in the temperature may bring a freeze that will appar ently blight his prospects in a single night so far as that crop is concern ed; but the land, being already pre pared, can immediately be planted in some other crop, thus reducing a probable loss to the minimum. T. B. PARKER. A Dairyman's Suggestions. Yes, sir; that man who said not to dehorn your calves, but wait until they are two years old, knew what he was talking about. Just wait until they commence using their horns, then dehorn them and they are con quered. I have tried having young calves dehorned several times and they always grew up to be the mean est cattle to keep on a farm that ever I have had anything to do with. We have found that our dilution cream separator gives -splendid re sults without mixing water with the milk and we have the pure sweet milk to feed our calves. In cool weather we keep it setting in the open air just above freezing or thereabout, and as the heated days of summer appears we move it to the milk house, where it sets in a ce ment tank arranged to allow the wa ter from the well to course through it. Our calves never get to tate sour wThey the year round, and we get better butter, too. G. W. BROWN. Fertilizing Alfalfa. Messrs. Editors: I wish you would tell me in next issue if chicken manure is all right for alfal fa? If so, in what quantity should it be used to the acre ? A SUBSCRIBER. In reply to Subscriber, I will say that chicken manure would give good results on alfalfa. In addition to this I would suggest the use of at least 400 pounds per acre of the fol lowing mixture: Acid Phosphate 200 pounds. Kainit 100 pounds. If there is not sufficient manure available for a good top dressing, stable manure may be used in addi tion. B. W. KILGORE.