Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday, May 2, 1905.
PROGRESSIVE FARMER AND COTTON PLANT. 11 MORE ABOUT ASPARAGUS GROWING. Mr. A. J. McKinnon Describes the Methods He Has Found Most Satis factory. Messrs. Editors: I have not had the time to write anything at all of the cultivation of cantaloupes, hut I have given you something about my experience in growing asparagus. My experience teaches me that asparagus should be grown with the view of attaining perfection as near lv as possible. This idea, however, will apply to all kinds of market pardoning. To secure this result, the lirst requirement is a good healthy root. I would advise the use of one year old roots, well drained quick land, heavy fertilization and good cultivation. I have an eight acre esparagus patch. The rows are seven feet apart; the roots are eighteen inches to two feet. We ditched out a furrow to a depth of about twelve inches, then set the roots, putting about an inch and a half to two inches of soil on them. We put on a heavy application of barn-yard ma nure, one thousand pounds of kainit and not less than . one thousand pounds of ammoniated guano. I use annually a special formula prepared for me, analyzing 8 per cent acid, 5 per cent ammonia and 7 per cent potrfsh. We put this on-in Decem ber or Jamury. After this we make a bed that will enable us to cut it about eigh inches under the ground without injuring the crowns. When we have finished cutting for the season we plow down the beds and try to leave only about two inches of soil on the crowns, cultivating suf ficiently to keep it clean during the summer. When it begins to peep out in the spring, we go over it daily, or every other day, according to the weather, and cut the spears about eight inches under the ground, using a knife made for the purpose. We lay it carefully in a basket, then from bas ket to washing trough, from trough to packing table, -where it is packed in standard bunches, then put into crates holding two dozen bunches each. It is then ready for market. I have never been able to get a standard bunch like some pictures I have seen, but we have had some bunches with thirteen spears to the bunch. It would take very fine as paragus to average a bunch to every thirty stalks. My profits on aspara gus have been satisfactory. At the same time, I would not advise its culture for market unless the grower is well snnnlied with barn-yard manure and willing to use fertilizer very liberally. Never let it suffer, for if it ever has a set back it will not lo so well any more. A. J. McKINNON. Robeson Co., N. C. A Good Subject for Discussion. Messrs. Editors: I know a prac tical fanner who has been for some yJfr ln charge of a farm on a salary no has quite a good opportunity of 1(,red him to enter a large manufac turing business. If he did so, it vnuM be with the purpose of saving T Trit0 buy a f arm of his own later' J aislike to see such men leave the jarrn, and feel like advising him to 'uy a small farm, in a good locality, ?omg in debt for it and depending paying for the farm from the iarm. Would it be proper to discuss question through your columns? ns . brother farmers, can this be (,ne; here and how? ppo.ing the man has three Ps "winstry. Integrity and Inteligence eool sensible wife and no money. yn w0 not make this interesting instructive, not for one only, but for many? The reason the man in question has no money I know to be because he has spent the savings of several years in paying off finan cial obligations resulting from a mistake of judgment, made in earlier years, paying one hundred cents and interest on every dollar. " HENRY M. DANIEL. Madison Co., N. O. Smut in Corn : Only One Way to Re duce Its Ravages. Messrs. Editors: In reference to the query concerning treating seed corn for smut, which I have re ceived, I beg leave to say that there is no method of treating seed corn which will prevent the smut. Corn smut is caused by a fungus which produces spores in great quantity in the black smut balls and these spores are driven by the wind and convey infection to new. plants in the field. The smut is thus spread throughout the summer from plant to plant, and methods of seed treat ment have no effect here as they do in the case of oats and wheat. The only thing that can be done toward preventing corn smut is to gather up and burn the smut masses in the fall and thus prevent their lying about on the ground ready to start infection another year. -By ex ercising great care in this way for two or three years the percentage of smut will be reduced, although smut cannot be gotten rid of entirely. Very truly yours, F. L. STEVENS. Value of Inoculating Bacteria for Legumes. Following the discussion regarding the benefits to be derived from in oculation and the methods devised for propagating and distributing the nitrogen-fixing bacteria are the re ports of those to whom cultures were sent by the department. These re ports show, these cultures under the general conditions found upon farms widely distributed, did produce in most instances, a decided increase in crops over those grown without in oculation. There were 2,502 reports received up to November 15, 1904. These show ed that in 1,043 cases the cultures had been used on alfalfa, 532 on red clover, 184 garden peas, 174 com mon bean, 290 cowpeas, 129 soy bean, 53 hairy vetch, 49 crimson clover, 22 field pea, 10 velvet-bean, 7 alsike, 7 sweet peas and 2 berseem. In a total of 1,296 cases the inoculation produced a definite increase of crop; in 574- cases failure was definitely ascribed to bad season, poor seed, weed growth and. like causes ; in 293 cases there was no increase in crop because organisms were already pres- i ent in the soil. In 339 cases there was no evident advantage from in oculation nodules did not form. A study of these reports show that in more than 50 per cent (1,296) of the tests there was a definite increase in the crop. If we compare the num ber of cases (339) where there was no evident advantage from inocula tion with the number (1,296) in which .there were positive successes and make no allowance for the ex periments (574) carried on under conditions precluding any chances of success the per cent , of failures was twenty-six. From these experiments carried on all sorts of farms and under all manner of conditions by farmers with no other instruction than the printed directions accompanying the packages it is evident that notwith standing these cultures are not a panacea for all ills they are in the majority of cases a cheap and prac tical source of soil improvement and worthy a trial by all who wish to in crease the productiveness of their farms. I want to thank you for staying with us Tar Heels. Stand by us and we'll stick to you. I commenced tak ing The Progressive Farmer Janu ary 1, 1889; so you see I have been standing faithfully fifteen years to the Alliance and its organ, and ex pect to continue to support each They are goocL. grand and noble.- . -r tit ry i "I XT T J - KT - jx. vv. jcucn, union xuage, jn. j. LeffifeU Sfteamni EirngMes On The Farm. No other kind of power gives such universal satisfaction as steam. 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