Newspaper Page Text
PROGRESSIVE FARMER AND COTTON PLANT.
Tuesday, August 29 , 190."?. R EDITORIAL "THE OLD EDITORIAL." North Caiolina has' probably never had an edi tor ho accomplished more by his writings than Josiah Turner, whose paper was a pillar of cloud and of fire in the darkest hours of Reconstruc tion. And yet Josiah Turner had little literary, ability, little grace or skill as a writer. But he did know what North Carolina needed, what evils she suffered; and in season and out of season, ho hammered away perpetually at these things.With "damnable iteration and reiteration" he repeated his charges of fraud and corruption until the whole State was aflame with an indignation that could not be withstood. Day after day the same charges of fraud and thievery were put before his readers, and .on one occasion he gathered all of them together under the heading, "The Old Editorial." Now it happens that The Progressive Parmer has its hobbies, too better farming methods, of course; good schools, good roads, rural mail de livery, rural school libraries, farmers club3, bet ter farm implements and machinery, more beau tiful country homes, etc., etc. These thing3 we are continually urging upon our readers, but now before the busy season again begins on the farm, it seems to us entirely fitting that we bring all these matters again io the attention of the pub licand so here is "The Old Editorial." In the first place, we wonder if you have rural free delivery of mails. Your neighborhood is paying its share of the taxes to maintain the ser vice; why not get some of its benefits? Every day some new North Carolina route is .going into operation. We have nearly 1,000 of them now, and there were less than a dozen at this time four year ago. The recent talk of more stringent reg ulation has been much exaggerated. All that the Government demands is that the route be ap proximately 25 miles long, that it serve 100 peo ple or more, and that the roads be good enough to enable the carrier to make the trip in a day. We think you can map out a line that will meet these requirements, and if so, you can get a car rier to deliver your mail daily. To argue as to the merits of the system is unnecessary; they are self-evident. If you are interested, talk to your neighbors about the matter, and write your Con gressman for further information. The carrier gets a fair salary, and if you can find some one who wishes to get the appointment as carrier, he will probably make the canvass for signers to the petition. Next, you ought to have a library in your pub lic school. It will be of incalculable value in deepening the interest of the pupils and in pro moting a love of reading. The last Legislature, as we have said before, appropriated $5,000 more to aid the establishment of six more libraries in each county; so the way is now open for you to get a valuable little collection of books for your school open now, even if you did make applica tion last year and found that you were too late. Raise $10 or more by private subscription, $10 more will be set apart from the county school fund, and the State will give you $10 from its $,",000 appropriation thus enabling you to begin with at least $30 for the purchase of books. Bet ter start this movement immediately, or you may find that six more progressive neighborhoods have reported first and exhausted the appropria tion. Possibly, however, yours is one of the 500 enter prising communities, each of which has already established a school library. In that case, it be comes your duty to see that it is properly replen ished and cared for. If your neighbors will raise $5 or more by private subscriptionand set apart $5 from your school fund, the State will give you $5 making in all j&15 to buy more books for it. We hope that many schools will take advantage of this opportunity to get new works or new copies of old works that have been worn out. v Unless you are in Mecklenburg, we are pretty safe in saying that you ought to have better roads, and we hope you will improve every oppor tunity to help along the cause of better highways. That there is now no method of co-operation in road building State or Nation duplicating amounts raised by the community, as in the school library matter is much to be regretted. The Brownlow Bill embodies this idea, however, and it might be well to petition your Congress man in its behalf. Senator Latimer, we observe, will propose an appropriation of $100,000,000 in stead of the $20,000,000 suggested by Mr. Brown low. In the present state of affairs, however, and we fear that National aid is far in the fu ture a bond issue by the country seems to be the most practicable plan of improvement. We wish you had the rural telephone system, with telephones all over your county. They put the farmer into touch with the world, and save time enough in a month or two to pay their cost for a year. This idea is gradually spreading into other sections of the State, but Union is yet the only county that has a creditable system. The farmers there combined, put up their own poles, and now operate their own lines at remarkably small cost. Finally, you ought to have a farmers' club of some kind. Our opinion is that it might best be a sub-Alliance, for the Alliance is the oldest farmers' organization; it has profited by the ex perience and mistakes of the past, and is devoted exclusively to the improvement of agricultural conditions. But if you can't organize an Al liance, start some kind of club for you farmers, your wives and young folks. There is no surer way of helping forward the community. Meet at least once a month twice a month is infinitely better at your school-house, and work together in everything that will make your homes bright er, your community better, yourselves more intel ligent, and your business more profitable. You sorely need to come together in this way for freindly counsel and for social improvement, and your neighborhood will never be what it might be until you do have such meetings. So much for some ways of helping forward your neighborhood. And every man ought to have enough neighborhood pride to make him in terested in these things. There is indeed some thing radically wrong with you, if you are con tent to see any other neighborhood have better roads, better schools, better farms, better postal facilities, better farming machinery, better churches and schoolhouses, more newspaper-read ing farmers, or happier women and children, than you have in yours. If there are such communi ties in advance of yours then there is work for you to do at home. To lift your neighborhood to higher standards is a nobler form of civic service than any work your political conventions have ever done and is indeed one of the highest forms of Christian activity. But in this "Old Editorial" we are to bring matters much nearer home by suggesting some ways of getting more out oflife for yourself and your family. First of all here we direct your attention tc the need of beautifying, dignifying, your farm. Give your house the proper setting with liberal yard room and a good grove of trees in front. And don't cultivate right around the house where the yard ought to be; don't sacrifice $5 worth of beauty and dignity for $1 worth of crops. En courage your wife and daughters in their efforts shrubbery, even if it takes a little money. Don't crowd your barn and outbuildings cloise to the house, and above all things don't feed the hog and cattle at the front-gate. If you can afford it, have a fresh coat of paint put on the build ings. Pmember, however, that no man is too poor , to afford a big, ample yard with a grassy lawn and old-fashioned flowers and plenty of shade trees, and vines enough to cover up un sightly buildings and shade the porch. Then you ought to name your farm, and have its name and your own name neatly printed on your stationery. This is businesslike, and will insure greater con sideration for every letter you write. Some of these suggestions may not seem exactly appro priate to this season of the year, but we make them because you will probably look around dur ing this leisure season and lay plans for next year. Nor should you forget the house itself. If you can afford ajy needed improvements or enlarge ments, make them. When we compare the prices of cotton and tobacco and wheat with prices a decade ago, it is plain that we ought to have more beautiful and more serviceable country homes in 1905 than we had in 1895. Make the building as nearly as possible what it ought to be and then see that the interior is properly decorated. Sub stantial, serviceable furniture, some easy chairs to rest in, some worthy pictures to hang on the walls, and some musical instruments these things no farm home should be without. If chil dren are taught to love good music, good pic tures and good literature, they will be much more likely to love the good in manners and morals. Next, get all the labor-saving machinery you can use profitably. We North Carolinians have to compete with machine-using people, and we shall have to use more of it ourselves. A writer in the World's Work says it would take all the farmers in the United States four months in the year merely to shell the corn crop if it had to be shelled by hand, as it once did. The scarcity of labor in North Carolina has now become so pronounced that the use of better implements and machinery is imperative. Get the catalogs of all the prominent manufacturers of farm machin ery and make your selections. Plows, drills, planters, cultivators, mowers, reapers, harrows, etc., mean the saving of many an extra day's labor by hired hands, and if your f arm is so small that you cannot afford to buy alone, "go shares" witti your nearest neighbor for the more costly ma chinery. Our people must learn the value of co operation the profitableness as well as the virtue of bearing one another's burdens. And while planning for machinery to lighten your own tasks, don't fail to see what can be done to make your wife's lot easier. A better stove might make the cooking much less trying tnls.; weather; a more, modern sewing machine mign count for much; and, if there are a sufficient number of cows, a cream separator should super sede the old-fashioned dairy methods. There are one or two other matters we had ex pected to mention, but to include them in this ter would make it too lengthy. Besides, we w probably said more already than you wish to ne for very few people care to have people sug g ways of spending money. But bear m miud tn we haye been speaking of purchases that Ko Aarrrad -nr n rnnr ovnfmse aCCOUllt, DUl your investment account. And very F rofitDle vestments we believe most of them wouM P . i -rr j- I- ,r m p-ctra lor Til rC IT Tni PTHITITl Villi I la. V V j n: ; lasts ftve yeais iiupiuvcu UUlllvaiUi, ami i , - saves you the labor of a 50-cent hand bye days in itself ani i .i . . ti i .-. ,1 -fnr finnh -rmni. !-" it- 1X71 I I nnvp Irt 1 1 1 .1 vu j tai, uugu a: "i 1 ... Ungulc?' .1 . . . J ,-w-J nrnni Ut3'u tne interest on its cost, ana a gw r J? A." X ,,calf anil PMCll H1 lux a vav;auuu j u"""-" J? xl .,IliJr til your lamuy some imic wiuim , One other suggestion, and we close. - , of and eacu h thin the next mon The vacation habit, withm propei ..AiI add years to your life and life to your yeai work and no play makes Jack a dull boroWS uP. same principle holds good after J ack f Go away and see how other people live a and we guarantee that you will get enu 'in o ble new ideas to compensate you tor