Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday, August 29, 1905.
PROGRESSIVE FARMER AND COTTON PLANT. 9 CURRENT EVENTS: THE TREND OF, THINGS AS WE SEE IT. Thi- is written before the report of Saturday's junco conference reaches us, and that may ma terially modify the situation, but the outlook for j.taee at the time is decidedly gloomy. At first there was hope in President Roosevelt's proposed compromise which was that Japan yield her formal demand for indemnity (or for paying Ja i uin's war expenses, which is the same thing) , also In r demand for the surrender of interned Russian warships and the limitation of Russia's naval ac tivity in the Far East, provided Russia would buy back the northern hall of Sakhalin Island for l,i(0.000,000 yen about $600,000,000. But Uaron Witte says he can never consent to this. "X't one copeck for tribute," is his watchword, and he is quoted as having said that not even the Czar can force him into signing a treaty violating this principle. The adjournment from Wednes day until Saturday, was really for the purpose of obtaining final instructions from the Russian and Japanese governments, and we shall give in a postscript the latest news obtainable as we gc to press. Russian and Japanese Affairs. A daily contemporary thus summarizes what had been agreed on by the peace envoys before adjournment: "Russia has agreed to cede the Chinese Eastern Railroad (between Harbin and Port Arthur) to China, retaining her line across nothern Manchuria to Vladivostock and refer in? Japan to China for something like $100,000, 000. Both sides agree to evacuate Manchuria, respect China's neutrality and maintain the open door, liussia is also ready to pay Japan for the maintenance of 100,000 prisoners of war. Ja pan's 'predominating influence" in Korea is fully recognized and she is accorded special fishing rights in the Siberian coast. It is intimated that Russia would have assented tojhe surrender of the interned warships if Japan had shown a disposition to meet her views regarding the two main issues." What gives most hope of peace now is the fact that it would be difficult for Japan to borrow money to continue the war very much longer, while Russia's credit is practically exhausted. It looks to us, however, as if another sweeping Japanese victory is bound to- follow the break-up of the peace conference and that the war cannot be prolonged. The Japanese ; General, Oyama, has about 400,000 earnest Japanese with which to face 300,000 half-starved Russians who would be further disgruntled by the failure to end a war in which they are not interested. X..r does it seem likely that the Czar has won much support by his creation of a sham National Assembly. This Congress is to be elected by the people, a property qualification for voters being fixed, but the Assembly cannot bind the Czar, cannot pass any laws, can only talk, and only talk just so long as its talk pleases the Czar, for he has power to dismiss it at pleasure. It is with this absolutely miserable make-shift that the Czar answers his people's demand for a representative government granting their request with reser vations and restrictions that makes the grant as much of a nullity as the old lady's yielding in the classic lines: 'Mother, may I go out to swim?' lOh, yes, my darling daughter; Hani? your clothes on a hickory limb But don't gonear the water " Virginia's Democratic Primary. The Democratic primary in Virginia last week was thr; one absorbing subject of discussion in that St.ue, and also attracted a great deal of at tention in the other States of the South. Most mtc-n-M was felt in the contest for Senator, Gov ernor .Montague being a candidate for the place ,which Senator Martin has held for two terms. The result of the primary was a defeat f orthe Governor, Senator" Martin being elected to suc ceed himself by 15,000 majority. Governor Mon tague is much the abler speaker, and would have been a more commanding figure in the United States Senate, but Senator Martin is a more ef ficient organizer and has won popularity at home by looking after Virginia's interests so strenu ously in the matter of appropriations and ap pointments. Charges that Martin was the rail road candidate might have injured his candidacy had not Montague also been put upon the defen sive by Martin's counter-charges. Singularly enough Mr. Swanson, whom Montague defeated for the Gubernatorial election four years ago Montague representing himself then as now, as the anti-machine candidate was nominated for Governor last week, Judge Mann, who advocated some advanced temperance legislation, running next, and Mr. Willard, a millionaire candidate, following. The largest majority 30,000 was won by J. D. Eggleston, Jr., candidate for Super intendent of Public Instruction. The personnel of the ticket being settled, the candidates have now to face the most determined Republican opposition the Virginia Democrats have known for many years. Governor Montague has announced that he will not sulk, but stump the State as earnestly as ever in behalf of the nomi nees. The Farmers National Congress. The meeting of the Farmers' .National Con gress in Richmond, Va., September 12th to 22nd, is a matter of interest to all classes of our citi zens in the South, well deserving a place in our discussion of general "Current Events" and we submit the complete program herewith for the benefit of all that may be interested: Tuesday, Sept. 12, 10.00 a. m. Addresses of welcome by Hon. Carlton McCarthy; Hon. E. G. Leigh, Jr., Governor A. J. Montague. Resopnses to Addresses of Welcome by Hon. B. Cameron, Stagville, N. C; Hon. Joshua Strange, Marion, Ind. Tuesday, September 12, 2.30 p. m. Annual Ad dress Hon. Harvie J ordan, Monticello, Ga., Pres ident Farmers' National Congress. The Field and Functions of the Farmers' National Congress by Hon. Geo. M. Whi taker, Boston, Mass. Discussion. Wednesday, September 13, 9.30 a. m. Introduc tion of Resolutions. The Tariff As It Affects Agriculture, by Hon. L. F. Livingston, M. C, At lanta, Ga. The Federal Government and thi Farmers Hon. H. C. Adams, M. C, Madison, Wis. Discussion. Wednesday, September 13, 2.30 p. m. Introduc tion of Resolutions. Agricultural Resources of the South Hon. J. Bryan Grimes, Raleigh, N. C. Government Expenditure in Relation to Agricul tural Interests Hon. Charles Arthur Carlisle, South Bend, Ind. Wednesday,September 13, 8 p. m. Introduction of Resolutions. Climate, soil (or Food), and De velopment Hon. Will B. Powell, Shadeland, Pa. Discussion. Thursday, September 14, 9.30 a. m. Introduc tion of Resolutions. Immigration to the United States, and the Agricultural Distribution of Im migrants, by Representatives of the Immigration Restriction League and the National Civic Feder ation. Dussion. Report of Committee on Res olutions. Thursday, September 14, 2.30 p. m. Introduc tion of Resolutions. Postal Reforms and Im provements of Special Interest to Farmers Hon. John Lamb, M. C, Richmond, Va. Discussion. Lecture Mrs. John A. Logan, Washington, D. C. Report of Committee on Resolutions. Friday, September 15, 9.30 a. m. Election of Officers. Final Report of Committee on Resolu tions. . Friday, September 15, 2.30 p. m. Unfinished Business. September 16-22. Excursions, side trips, etc. September 22. Adjournment sine die. Miscellaneous News Notes. In New Orleans the yellow fever situation seems to be improving, but in the country districts of ' ! ! 1 . . 1 jl . ' Louisiana xne disease is Decerning more virulent. The latest move in the campaign against the mos quito is the purchase of largequantities of salt with which to salt stagnant pools and thus pre vent further breeding of the insects. District Attorney Jerome, who has always been .? : t i tl i ji uixic miug uj. a xree wxice in pontics, litis creaieu. a sensation by announcing that he wishes a re election, but will not accept a nomination from either political party. He has asked New York voters to bring about his nommation by petition and they are going to do it. -We observe that John D. Rockefeller will prob- nUw l , TT : : a aj-A aaa aaa : .a. tiuij give vmuagu uiiivcxsitj puv,vvv,vvv ill mt? 1 JV m . a . . nope ot making it "the greatest institution of learning in the world." He may make it the rich-, est, and it still lack very much of being the greatest. It takes something more than money t m .. tor real greatness m men or institutions, and we do not believe that Chicago can ever become a really great university so long as the first idea one has regarding the institution is of it as the rep resentative and child of the sanctimonious Stan dard Oil monopolist. - Postscript The Peace Conference. The meeting of the peace envoys Saturday was not decisive. The Czar delivered his ultimatum no indemnity and no cession of land except south ern Sakhalin. Japan's answer will probably be given before this number of The Progressive Farmer reaches our readers, and then it will .be known at last whether it is to be peace or war in the Far East. - A THOUGHT FOR THE WEEK. How many people live on the reputation of the reputation they might have made! From "The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table," by Oliver Wen dell Holmes. The Foundation of National Life. In our modern industrial civilization there are many grave dangers to counterbalance the splen dors and the triumps. It is not a good thing to see cities firrow- at disproportinate speed relative ly to the country ; for the small land owners, the men who own their little homes, and therefore to a very large extent the men who till farms, the' men of the soil, have hitherto made the founda tion of lasting national life in every state ; and, if the foundation becomes either too weak or too narrow, the superstructure, no matter how at tractive, is in imminent danger of failing. Pres ident Roosevelt to Mother's Congress. Good for Mr. Jordan. As long as Mr. Harvie Jordan is at the head of the Cotton Association it will never be a nack horse for politicians and office-seekers. vMr. Jor dan has put his foot down hard on this. In the constitution he was instrumental in having a clause inserted that if any office-holder in the Cot-" ton Association accepts a political office or even becomes a candidate for one, he" forfeits his office in the cotton association. Mr. Jordan has de manded the resignation - of several officers in Georgia on this account, and a high-up officer in North Carolina will likelv be called to taw on the same thing. "This is a business movement," Mr. Jordan says, "and we are not going to put out time and money into a scheme to benefit the country and allow it to be used as stepping stones by selfish people for their own ends. This has been the death of a good many farmers' organizations, and we are determined to steef clear of it." Monroe Journal. Your life journey leads by a way you know not. It is best you should not know. When you come tn thp. ni??wl hills, climb them, lunov the beauti ful landscaDes as you t)ass them. And rest as- t . i t j j surea xnax ax xne enu oi .your juume.y everj oou. .1 .1 j . ; x i and purpose will greet you in that world where hope is changed into fruition, and the longing for perfection shall find its realization. Your highest dreams of spiritual purity, exaltation, and blessednes3 now are sure prophecies ot what you. shall be then. What you put into your dream here, God will 'put. into your destiny there. Bishop O. P. Fitzgerald.