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MM . . .
1 - - : ' . ! 1 , . .' ., i . i. . ,
EDWARD A. OLHl. A NORTH CAROLINA FAMILY NEWSPAPER FOR KORtM CAROUNA PEOPLE, IN THE STATE AND OUT. SUJ,C l'?HJ?iCE-
Editor mn Pufclither- r r PEW YEAR, fl.BO.
VOL.. XXX. NO. 30. WINSTON, N. C.yTBTJKSAY, : JXJIiY 29, 1886. PRICE 5 CENTS
I ' "
SOME HOMES AND HAUNTS OF
Bnncombe Hall The Houses of the
Armsteads and Pettlgrews Josiah
Collin's Palatial Residence-Old Epis
copal Cburches-Capt. Teache's Bur
ied Treasure Some Recollections of
the Late War The Confederate Ram
"Albemarle" Roanoke Island Sir
Walter Raleigh's Colonial Settlement
The Birthplace of Virginia Dare
An Eastern Picture Nag's Head.
Written Specially for The Sentinel by TP. Got
Maekey'8 Ferry is in Washington
county? Well, Washington county
is so full of interest to the newspaper
correspondent it is impossible to quit
its hospitable shores without mention.
Yes, here we have "Buncombe Hall,"
the residence of Col. Edward Bun
combe of revolutionary fame ; the
homes of the Arniisteads and the Pet
tigrews ; the residence oi the late Hon.
Josiah Collins on Lake Phelps in
ante-bellum days one of the finest in
South ; very old Episcopal Churches ;
creeks along whose shores old-time
yarn-spinners tell us the famous pirate
Capt. Teach buried numberless pots
of I his stolen treasures; and endless
other items we refrain mentioning.
We now reach Plymouth and are
reminded of the civil war, for here
"battles were fought and hundreds of
brave men perished. As I ride into
the town I can but think of the past.
On the upper end Col- Mercer was
killed and the gallant W. G. Lewis
won bis spurs; in the centre Hoke
himself commanded and in person led
his victorious army to the very walls
of fort "Williams';" on the lower end
the intrepid Matt. Ransom led the at
tack and captured the enemy's work's
amid a perfect Hurricane of shot and
shelL I was a mere boy when all
this happened, but well I remember
it. I went over the battle-field imme
diately after the surrender of the
town. The awful spectacle indellibly
impressed itself upon my mind. Death
and destruction had held high carni
val! Dead men and horses were ly
ing everywhere ; the ground and
breast-works seamed and torn where
the murderous ball and bombshell
had ploughed and exploded ; but as it
is not my intention to describe a bat
tle will go on to the river And embark.
Down the beautiful Roanoke we gent
ly glide for seven or eight miles and
Albemarle Sound is reached. What
a lovely sheet ot water 3 How it re
minds me of the opening Janes of "The
Fire Worshippers :"
" Tis moonlight over Oman's sea ;
Her banks of pearl and .palmy isles
Bosk in the night-beam beauteous!?,
And her blue waters leep in smiles."
Leaving historic ground we are on
no less historic water. Out here took
place one of the few naval engage
ments -of the war: the fight between
the Confederate Bam "Albemarle"
and six big, "double-eiader" Yankee
gun-beats. I had the good fortune to
witness -this also, and must Bay it was
one oc the grandest sight I ever be-,
held. How gallantly our little craft
repelled them! And oh! how tear
ful I was that the enemy would be
victorious. The fight reminded me of
six (jroliaths encountering -one David.
Will not - attempt a description. On
down the lovely sound we go, passing
towns and fisheries until we come to
Roanoke Island.- Oh now Jiere we
can go beek into' the mighty past in
deed. Here. for untold centuries the
Indians held sway, bathed in the surf,
fished and hunted, loved and married,
lived and died. Here Sir - Walter
Raleigh lauded and planted a eolony,
which in turn was planted by the red
skins, near here Virginia Dare was
born, here CoJL D. M. Shaw .was killed
by the Yankees and just across ;s
"Nag's Head" the famous summer
resort where the mighty fingers of the
Atlantic are ever playing upon Caro
lina's grand, golden key-board, while
every note can be heard from the soft
and gentle murmur of the evening
zephyr to the hoarse wild shriek of
the storm. Out, out as far as the eye
can reach rolls and surges this mighty
volume of undying music this awful
bass in "nature's anthem." Standing
here upon the ebbing strand of old
ocean with every wave tinged with
gold and every .ripple reflectin-g liq
uid fire, listening to the solemn ca
dence ot its perpetual roar, hearing
the sea-birds scream with savage wild
ness as they dip their dripping pinions
in, the briny spray, me thin kg Bob In
gersoli even would acknowledge there
was a God. - -4 l
Oh ! ye noble, chivalrous sons and
fair, lovely daughters of the west!
, Ye ,who dwell where fountains are
ever springing and purling brooks
" aie ever dancing ; where rhododen
dendrons bloom and lofty mountain
peaks are-ever fanned by the 'purest
breeze- of heaven ; where the violets
grow and the m'ocking birds are ing
itif their vet songs in "the laud of
the sky." We ask you to visit our
beautiful east and gaze upon the love
ly expanse of flood and field. View
the Albemarle and the Pamlico, the
Roanoke and the Chowan ! See our
plantations blooming with the silken
cotton, the oat and wheat fields ready
for the harvest, the miles ot growing
corn nodding to the gentle South wind
while the yellow tassels shine like a
sea of burnishad spears in the sun
light. Oh ! this is indeed the home
of the sunflower, the rose and the hon
eysuckle. Come to "Xag's Head."
Now, the East, witlT a beautiful
poesy of our rarest flowers in one hand
and with the other open and extended
to her friends in the West will ever
give them hearty welcome,
Mackey's Ferry, J uly 26th.
NICHOLAS L.. WILLIAMS.
A Merited Tribute to His aiemory by a
Former North Carolinian.
For The Sentinel.
Mr. Nicholas L. Williams, of Pan
ther Creek, Yadkin county,. N. C. de
parted this life July 3d, in the seventy-seventh
year of his age.
Coeval with the century in his more
than four score years, he had witness
ed some of the most important events
in human history. The companions
and associates of his early and of his
mature manhood have long since.pass
ed away. They were the men who
did much to shape the material and
political history of North Caaolina.
Among these were such men as the
Manlys, (the Governor and the
Judge,) the Moreheads, (J. M., and
J. T.,) Swain, Mangum, Badger, Bat
tle, E. J. Hale, Graham and others.
Deeply interested in the welfare of
the State ; decided m his political
opinions and ever ready to aid in the
advancement and success of what he
considered sound political opinions, Jhe
was not an aspirant for political office.
His taste and his elegant home de
veloped and strengthened his love for
the quiet and ease of domestic life.
His patriotism was neither caused nor
measured by any desire for political
office. In ante-bellum days he for
years served his community as a mag
istrate when the functions of the office
consisted in a gratuitous dispensing of
justice and knowledge ot the law to
his neighbor. During the adminis
tration of Governor Manlv the Legis
lature elected him as one of the Gov
ernor's Council, and he was again
chosen for the same position in the
Council of Governor Vance during
the war. We are under the impress
ion that for many years he was one of
the lrustees of the State University,
in which he always felt and manifest
ed very great interest. For years he
attended its commencements regularly
making the long journey in hissulkey,
before the coming ot railroads render
ed the journey both short and easy.
He inherited an ample estate, and
enjoyed in youth the best advantages
oi me umes, zor intellectual ana social
culture. In early manhood he mar
ried a lady of great refinement and
ernest piety, who after a married life
of nearly sixty years, " preceded him
to the grave two years ago.
A Panther Creek, so many years their
home, was wnat their ample means
and refined taste could ' make it, and
for more thaa half of a eeatury was
known in all sections of the State, and
beyond the State lines, a t a synonyme
for all that is elegant and hearty in
genuine nospuamy. nappy were
tney, wnetner niga or iow,: rich or
poor who found themselves guests at
, Men eminent as statesmen, jurists,
or divines, counted themselves for
tunate when they con Id visit Panther
vreeK. Jir. ,vuiiams seemed never
so pleased as when contributing to the
pleasure or comfort of others. In his
benefactions he seemed to ignore all
calculation oi eosc i have never
known one who who so largely and so
long contributed to the pleasure and
comfort of others. Benevolence was
one of his most strongly marked chart
acteristies. Among the many '' and
dear friends I found during the near
ly thirty years of my life in North
Carolina, there was none : to whom I
am under greater obligations than to
Mr. N. L. Williams. I fain would
lay a flower on the grave; of my de
parted friend. Would that I had
language commensurate with my ra
regards and my esteem,' then I might
hppe to pay a tribute worthy of his
memory. Rich'i. H.Griffith.
Greenville. S. C.
- -. T " .'J :
The Circulating Library."
From the Wilmington Star.
There is not a bigger humbug than
the' so-called circulating library. For
$15 or $20 a community can buy all
the books that they wiiJ be charged
$100 or $200 for by an agent. Mark
that and do not be (swindled. -. -
Winston Has One. Also.
Front the Wedon Ne-jw. '
, Xhere are now Chinese laundries at
CbarlotteV i Asheville and Wilming
ton. . .- -.
THE NATION'S CAPITAL.
PROCEEDINGS IN BOTH HOUSES
The Session on its Last Legs Senator
Vance's speech on the Oleomarga
rine Bill What Congress has Done.
Special Correspondence of The Sentinel.
Washington, July 26. The last
hours of a session betoken that Con
gress does not perform, one-half of its
duty. There may be a wise policy in
short sessions, there may be wisdom in
keeping the country quiet, but not
from the standpoint of patriotism. It
is the shrinking politician, the trem-
bliug, delinquent Congressman, who
longs to go home, while mountains of
public measures and bills of private
claims remain untouched. It is poli-
ItEV. UEWITT TAI,MA.UE,
tics to say and do little, lest somebody
say and do too much: No honest Con
gressman need fear to sit out the year
and perform his duty. As it is, many
important measures will be untouched
when this session closes, such as bills
on bankruptcy, polygamy, inter-national
copyright, finance, railroads,
taxation, internal revenue and other
live subjects. t
passed bill providing" a number of
clerks, not exceeding 148, for the ar
my. A bill was introduced to return
tax on cotton collected, '65-'68, from
people of certain States, to be used
for educational purposes. Senator
Blair asks that the surplus resolution
be amended so as to reserve $79,000,
000 for the common schools. Senator
Sherman was opposed to bringing the
surplus down to $100,000. eenator
Vance delivered . one of his most hu
morous and ironical speeches against
taxing oleomargarine! Here is a sam
ple of his irony : .
"Protection's battle once begun m (
Bequeathed bj howling sire to son, V',
Only co aid be fought and. won .- ,
By taxing every eon of a gun." '
The bill was passed, fixing the tax
at two cents, and went to conference.
During the consideration of the sun
dry civil bill, an unmerciful economy
was betrayed.-1: .'-' : y t "V "
the house -
passed resolution to adjourn Congress
on Wednesday, the 28th inst. Also
the Fortification Bill, appropriating
$620,000, and requiring, thanks to
Mr. Randall, the patronage of Amer
ican armorers. " A report was submit
ted authorizing retaliatory steps in
cases like that of Canada's seizures.
The River and Harbor afforded an
other opportunity for false economists.
On Thursday and Saturday, the bill
for the increase of the navy was con
sidered. The Inter-State Commerce
bill was sparingly discussed. It was
rumored that the Republicans were
at the bottom of the resolution to ad
journ prematurely, though Mr. Mor
rison was the author. : Nobody could
tell . wlmt Mr. Morrison was at the
bottom of. ' .
, ; ... WHAT CONGRESS HAS DONE
will be food for thought many moons
to come. Partisans are satisfied with
the work. What prompts Congress
.to do anything is, of course, an exclu
sive desire to gratifiy partisans. Now,,
the Republican partisan believes he
has vanquished the Democratic parti
san, and vice versa. This belief, per
haps, would have existed, if Congress
had sat still and folded its arms". So,
as a matter of fact, what Congress has
done, or has not done-, is but a aiiull
ingredient of the political poison par
tisans compound. It is utterly useless,
therefore," 167 study'a session of CVn
grets under the tuition of partisanship,
-; 1 A PACK OF. LIES" "'1 ' '
is generally the summary of a session
of Congress. ' A Republican must ad
mit that his side has done many things
it ought not to have done. Democrats
do not escape. There have been some
partisan scenes that no patriot would
repeat and no father relate. Time
has been sacrificed, not tor the public
weal, but for partisan and personal
advantage. That either side gave
way to the great questions of the hour,
that Republican? extended the right
hand of patriotism to Democrats, and
viceversa that pure motives, states
manship prevailed on either side
these, and much more, are a pack of
IT HAS DONE NOTHING.
It has been a case of "dog eat dog,"
from the beginning, from Senate to
House. Not a great, all-healing meas
ure has been adopted. Not a law has
NOW AT ASHEVILLE.
been passed. Either, in spite ot ex
cuses. seems bevond the Consressione.
grasp. What has been done as duty
was mechanically performed. Not a
statesman has risen above the heads of
these pot-house politicians, and stood
hrm and unrelenting lor the people.
A Republican will attribute all of this
to Democracy ; that is on a level with
the pot-house politician. A tax-payer,
whose own interests are greater than
politicians' ambitions will attribute it
to the men, whichever way he votes.
There is the remedy. The Senate and
T.r " ji .ii . f '
xiouse neea statesmen, wining to sac
rifice themselves instead of the people,
THE COMING ELECTIONS
will afford the tax-payer and sufferer
an opportunity to profit by experience.
There are men in Congress who will
be returned because their living con
utituents are blind. . This is a charac-.
tertstic American weakness. And -yet
there are some Districts where aie,t:!
ter Republican or a better, Democrat
will be elected. It Is time to 'drop jtfc.f
fogyism of voting for a man-just' be
cause he is a Democrat or Republican
That is how many , scoundrels come
to Congress. sjL man who votes against
his own constituents should be defeat
ed), though he be a St. Paul. -( And as
a matter of fact, there' are enough
.Democrats' or Republicans, just as the
case may pe, to send honest and laith
ful men to Congress. , J i -.
AFTEK-SE8SION WORif ' f
promises to be abundant, though many
wilt depart at once for the.seat of war.
It is said that some constituencies
have heard so little of their Represen
tatives ? this ,ession that the sooner
hoimTthe'better. But a number will
remain and endeavor to convince the
Postmaster-General that appointments
should be more frequent in their Dis
tricts. Others will lay in ambush and
spring upon Grover Cleveland at the
first opportunity. In fact, many Con
gressmen will once more show their
true colors, and resume the
seek. -, Shadow.
A BIgr Sale.
Ftoni the ilartinsoille Eeralo. . - .
The Keidsville Weekly records the
fact that F. R. Peun & Co., tobacco
manufacturers at that place, made a
.sale lat week of 7,000 forty-pound
boxes of plug tobacco280,000 pounds.
The pobacco wafi purchased by one
fimnj- Leaving out of the count the
government contracts, we suppose the
sale recorded by the Weekly is the
greatest single transaction in the his
tory of the plug trade of Virginia or
North Carolina. The tax on the 7,000
boxes will be $20,400. . , ".
" '. '. f- i .. , ; - . ,
riie, Veteran of the Teto-Yot.
( From the Mahanoy City Local.
' Cleveland, seems to have a dim sort
ai sx suspicion that he is President of
this great and glorious country.
"N0EF CA'LLNY WATS."
ODDITIES OF TARHEEL CIVILI
ZATION. Incidents That Could Happen Nowhere
Else But In Tarheelia--Fishing for
Rats An Old-Fashloned Turtle
Fight Possum Wine The Rabbit's
Oar esteemed friend the Wilming
ton Star, as will" be seen by referenee
to our btate news column, believes
that there is virtue in the left hindfoot
of a graveyard rabbit. Well, maybe
there be, but one of the compositors in
this office, Mr. Fred St. E. Rolfe,
don't think so. He traded for one
last Sunday week in the hope of draw
ing fifteen thousand dollars in the
Louisiana State Lottery . by virtue
thereof, and was in consequence very
sanguine up till the arrival of the Star
yesterday, when he found that his
ticket was a water haul.. He is our
authority for saying that there is no
virtue in the pedal appendage alore-
said. Goldsboro Argus.
A party from Bennettsville was
selling a patent ; broom in ' town last
week. As he was about to depart, he
inquiringly remarked, "Fayetteville
must be a mighty unhealthy place.
"Why?" asked his friend. "Because,
I called at about thirty residences and
when I asked for the lady of the
house the servants almost all, 'she is
sick' " The friend suggests that it
would be more frank 'and less hurtful
to our town, to say "not at home." It
is inferred that the plea of "sick" was
to evade the undesired visit, for it is
well known that our town is a health
ful ona. News.
A young gentleman of our acquaint
ance desired to call upon a member
of the gentler sex. . Not having a
messenger boy convenient to carry
the note, he, in a joking way offered a
gentleman friend a dime to carry it
for him. His friend, entering into
the spirit of the thing accepted the
offer, carried the note and before giv
ing it to the young lady, requested
the pleasure of calling that night him
self, (cheek unutterable!) which the
lady accorded, he then presented his
friend's note, and of course the lady
was compelled to return "a previous
etc., prevents." Fayetteviile Hews.
The new w reform " name for it. A
few days ago a pretty tough customer
from Harnett was before a U. S. officer
here on a charge of illicit distilling.
xle was asked it he did not have a
still. He said no, he had some large
pots. Another ; query. " What was
in one of those large pots," elicited the
response, " ' Possum wine." That was
a puzzler. JNobody liked to appear
ignorant of what " 'possum wine was
but yet nobody knew. Finally he was
asked.: , " What is possum wine,
" Well," said he, " some folks calls it
'sinunon heer." 'Raleigh News- Obser
ver. . " 5
' i-i'J rr . . -v.-: ;.
1 There was as an old fashioned '"tur
tle fight at Mr. Peterson's 'store1. " Oh
Monday last Mr. Peterson bought
about one 'hundred loggerhead turtles'
of different sizes and different tenrpei
anient. They were all turned loose
in an adjoining room and-such a
clinching, snapping, knocking and
boxing nas seldom been ? witnessed.
New 'Berne proposes to 'have an
"oyster fair" next winterifotWiof
the old church kind-Hjceans'of thin
soup and, lonesome bivalve now and
then, but an exhibition of eystr in-'
tended to encourage and-; develop the
industry in North Carolina!' (Wor
m i '.it ' ' ' 1 " - '
A ' young man from the country
walked into the county court room on
yesterday and seeing a chair behind
the judge's stand, remarked, that he
thought the judge "sat on the bench"
and not on a chair. Raleigh Visitor.
. Among other ; items . fuanished in a
recent issue of the Concord Timet,
from Harrisburg, Cabarrus county, is
one to the. , effect that "Mr. J. W.
Hancock had a pair of chills last
'Letters in a Watermelon.
- T From Vie Wilmington Star
Ken Hamilton, a vender in the
market, tells of a watermeloa that up
on being cut exhibited two white let
ters "A N "- 011 the red meat of the
fruit. The letters were plainly dis
cernable, in ' large" type," as adver
tisers say." or about " line' pica," as
a printer would describe them.,,, The
melon was grown on Mr. Giles' place
at the Sound. ' ' " " , .
Aiheat the jalalna Manager.
3 FrOm theWttxkinaton Satchel.
it looks a little as if Steve El kins is
in charge of Gladstones campaign.
What the Essential Requirements of a
Newspaper Man Must Be.
A great many curious things have
been written about men who start out
in the newspaper business. It is a
rich field for merry and and truthful
stories, but Curtis Guild, in a lecture
before the Boston newspaper men the
other day got off the following pretty
correct and serious desciipiiun of
what a newspaper man must be made
"What, then, some men may in
quire, are the requisites of the news
paper business? An answer to this
suggests itself in :i reply, ia .somewhat
powerful terms, I will admit, that I
made to a pale, hollow-cheated young
man of 22 or 23, who once waited
upon pie with an inouirv of a similar
nature. Uehau nl.-w thousaiia dol
lars and had just graduated from col
lege, and wanted to ion: with some
body to start a paper. Start a paper!
Sis is thought by uluiosl every ;:e
;side the bu- iuess, one of the oa:3ict
and pleasantest things in the world to
do and so it is, if vou have plenty of
money to start with ; but it is not the
startins:, but the keepmcr of it troiug
at a profit, that calls for brains. I re
call now the reply, probably prompt
ed by a day's severe and exhausting
work, when, alter listening us patient
ly as possible to the young man s
crude notions respecting a business in
which he had no experience, he beg
ged I would tell him, in as few words
as possible, the qualifications necessa
ry to prosecute the business successful
ly. He was somewhat startled by
the assertion that they were as follows :
A brain as flexible and elastic as
A memory as tenacious as iron.
A temper even as that of a saint. .
A digestion equal to that of an os
trich. And the endurance ot adamant.
THE MODERN JOURNALIST.
The successful journalist of to-day
says the Albany Journal ia the man
who can supply any department of
his paper, were he called upon to do
it. This may grate upon the ears of
the young men who has cherished such
noble ideas of his chosen profession ;
but when he comes down from the
realm of fancy to name successful men
whose steps lie would follow, he finds
it a fact. There is no call for young
men, collegebred or otherwise, in the
editorial room, and a diploma from a
German university canuot create a
demand. Journalism is a school, and
it has a primary department, as do all
other professions or occuptions whose
goal is a lofty one. The young marr
who would make a name in the pro
fession, and yet expects to begin and
finish writing editorials, has a distort
ed view of the work before him. It is
no longer necessary, however desira
ble, to have " worked up from the
case," but the idea of the head of a
paper who could not write a " local,"
correctja " proof," edit rural correspon
dence and regulate affairs in any emer
gency in the composing-room may bo
comprehensible to the graduate, but
it is rediculous to the practical journa
kt. r The only place to roaster these. L
details is in the office. . ' ' . ,
, JOURNALISM AND MECHANISM.
, Paper and Fres aptly remarks that
in past ages, men sought distinctiorr
in war. The human mind made what'
development it did make in the clash
of arms; jn the building up of empire"
and kingdoms by the sword. Later '
on, the human mind sought happiness,
development and glory, in the writing
ot books, in the practice of State crafl
and later an lliv Routrht l.hi worlil'a
applause in the halls ot legislation.
The Forum and Tribune are no lon
ger productive of truly great minds.
The occupation of arms, is being cast
aside. State craft is no longer so im
portant. To-day the brightest minds
of the age and the holdout hearts, find
in journalism the graudoat opportu
nities for the development of ability
and the gratification of aiubitioii. An-;
other class of great' minds find wealth
and fame delviugi into ihe arena of
nature, and in bringing oul lliu loiig
hidden treasures, which they lay bo
fore the world fur its usts. J.Iauhan
ism and journalism are the twin agen
cies, which are drawing out the great
est energies, the higiicai innoiLio'is and
which are cicauiag lji,ji:tr,: it.nd
anls toward which hui.iuu :i'iiviiy
will ceaselessly s-iruglc 'tVr de
veloping a higher type i men, a new
order cf nobility, . '.v.hose inigP'H can
not be ojiiferid Im Kius or F.mptr-
ors. The brill: nut array of &b!. men"
in both these ru.ii'1 ;ivcuu' ,-i creat
ing yeai by jvur. - Aitos, law, diplo
macy, dpiot attract the aoiest men
of to-day, .
" PrnhiWilPD la Etisns.
. Yrom the W-rminvton S'v
Kansas drug stores' arc uh.roA "with
out numb' r. Under prohibition they
are said to be diug au i-.. .tume busi
ness owing to so much sickness, 'tie
favorite prescription is whiskey.