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GIVE THE SENTINEL JOB PRINTING ROOMS A TRIAL. 5 lwiUK'IJ."AM 1 A TURN TO THIRD PAGE -AHI READ - nn TiT.inr.c'5 spimnif I ELEGANT WUKrVi At Moderate Prices. 1 l Delivered In i ASHEVH.LE, LAbT SUNDAY. I '! ul -.t in""-' EST ABT,THKP HT 1868. MM . . . 1 - - : ' . ! 1 , . .' ., i . i. . , EDWARD A. OLHl. A NORTH CAROLINA FAMILY NEWSPAPER FOR KORtM CAROUNA PEOPLE, IN THE STATE AND OUT. SUJ,C l'?HJ?iCE- Editor mn Pufclither- r r PEW YEAR, fl.BO. VOL.. XXX. NO. 30. WINSTON, N. C.yTBTJKSAY, : JXJIiY 29, 1886. PRICE 5 CENTS j i I I ' " m HISTOKIC PLACES. SOME HOMES AND HAUNTS OF FAMOUS CAROLINIANS. Bnncombe Hall The Houses of the Armsteads and Pettlgrews Josiah Collin's Palatial Residence-Old Epis copal Cburches-Capt. Teache's Bur ied Treasure Some Recollections of the Late War The Confederate Ram "Albemarle" Roanoke Island Sir Walter Raleigh's Colonial Settlement The Birthplace of Virginia Dare An Eastern Picture Nag's Head. Written Specially for The Sentinel by TP. Got ten Doicning. Maekey'8 Ferry is in Washington county? Well, Washington county is so full of interest to the newspaper correspondent it is impossible to quit its hospitable shores without mention. Yes, here we have "Buncombe Hall," the residence of Col. Edward Bun combe of revolutionary fame ; the homes of the Arniisteads and the Pet tigrews ; the residence oi the late Hon. Josiah Collins on Lake Phelps in ante-bellum days one of the finest in South ; very old Episcopal Churches ; creeks along whose shores old-time yarn-spinners tell us the famous pirate Capt. Teach buried numberless pots of I his stolen treasures; and endless other items we refrain mentioning. We now reach Plymouth and are reminded of the civil war, for here "battles were fought and hundreds of brave men perished. As I ride into the town I can but think of the past. On the upper end Col- Mercer was killed and the gallant W. G. Lewis won bis spurs; in the centre Hoke himself commanded and in person led his victorious army to the very walls of fort "Williams';" on the lower end the intrepid Matt. Ransom led the at tack and captured the enemy's work's amid a perfect Hurricane of shot and shelL I was a mere boy when all this happened, but well I remember it. I went over the battle-field imme diately after the surrender of the town. The awful spectacle indellibly impressed itself upon my mind. Death and destruction had held high carni val! Dead men and horses were ly ing everywhere ; the ground and breast-works seamed and torn where the murderous ball and bombshell had ploughed and exploded ; but as it is not my intention to describe a bat tle will go on to the river And embark. Down the beautiful Roanoke we gent ly glide for seven or eight miles and Albemarle Sound is reached. What a lovely sheet ot water 3 How it re minds me of the opening Janes of "The Fire Worshippers :" " Tis moonlight over Oman's sea ; Her banks of pearl and .palmy isles Bosk in the night-beam beauteous!?, And her blue waters leep in smiles." Leaving historic ground we are on no less historic water. Out here took place one of the few naval engage ments -of the war: the fight between the Confederate Bam "Albemarle" and six big, "double-eiader" Yankee gun-beats. I had the good fortune to witness -this also, and must Bay it was one oc the grandest sight I ever be-, held. How gallantly our little craft repelled them! And oh! how tear ful I was that the enemy would be victorious. The fight reminded me of six (jroliaths encountering -one David. Will not - attempt a description. On down the lovely sound we go, passing towns and fisheries until we come to Roanoke Island.- Oh now Jiere we can go beek into' the mighty past in deed. Here. for untold centuries the Indians held sway, bathed in the surf, fished and hunted, loved and married, lived and died. Here Sir - Walter Raleigh lauded and planted a eolony, which in turn was planted by the red skins, near here Virginia Dare was born, here CoJL D. M. Shaw .was killed by the Yankees and just across ;s "Nag's Head" the famous summer resort where the mighty fingers of the Atlantic are ever playing upon Caro lina's grand, golden key-board, while every note can be heard from the soft and gentle murmur of the evening zephyr to the hoarse wild shriek of the storm. Out, out as far as the eye can reach rolls and surges this mighty volume of undying music this awful bass in "nature's anthem." Standing here upon the ebbing strand of old ocean with every wave tinged with gold and every .ripple reflectin-g liq uid fire, listening to the solemn ca dence ot its perpetual roar, hearing the sea-birds scream with savage wild ness as they dip their dripping pinions in, the briny spray, me thin kg Bob In gersoli even would acknowledge there was a God. - -4 l Oh ! ye noble, chivalrous sons and fair, lovely daughters of the west! , Ye ,who dwell where fountains are ever springing and purling brooks " aie ever dancing ; where rhododen dendrons bloom and lofty mountain peaks are-ever fanned by the 'purest breeze- of heaven ; where the violets grow and the m'ocking birds are ing itif their vet songs in "the laud of the sky." We ask you to visit our beautiful east and gaze upon the love ly expanse of flood and field. View the Albemarle and the Pamlico, the Roanoke and the Chowan ! See our plantations blooming with the silken cotton, the oat and wheat fields ready for the harvest, the miles ot growing corn nodding to the gentle South wind while the yellow tassels shine like a sea of burnishad spears in the sun light. Oh ! this is indeed the home of the sunflower, the rose and the hon eysuckle. Come to "Xag's Head." Now, the East, witlT a beautiful poesy of our rarest flowers in one hand and with the other open and extended to her friends in the West will ever give them hearty welcome, Mackey's Ferry, J uly 26th. NICHOLAS L.. WILLIAMS. A Merited Tribute to His aiemory by a Former North Carolinian. For The Sentinel. Mr. Nicholas L. Williams, of Pan ther Creek, Yadkin county,. N. C. de parted this life July 3d, in the seventy-seventh year of his age. Coeval with the century in his more than four score years, he had witness ed some of the most important events in human history. The companions and associates of his early and of his mature manhood have long since.pass ed away. They were the men who did much to shape the material and political history of North Caaolina. Among these were such men as the Manlys, (the Governor and the Judge,) the Moreheads, (J. M., and J. T.,) Swain, Mangum, Badger, Bat tle, E. J. Hale, Graham and others. Deeply interested in the welfare of the State ; decided m his political opinions and ever ready to aid in the advancement and success of what he considered sound political opinions, Jhe was not an aspirant for political office. His taste and his elegant home de veloped and strengthened his love for the quiet and ease of domestic life. His patriotism was neither caused nor measured by any desire for political office. In ante-bellum days he for years served his community as a mag istrate when the functions of the office consisted in a gratuitous dispensing of justice and knowledge ot the law to his neighbor. During the adminis tration of Governor Manlv the Legis lature elected him as one of the Gov ernor's Council, and he was again chosen for the same position in the Council of Governor Vance during the war. We are under the impress ion that for many years he was one of the lrustees of the State University, in which he always felt and manifest ed very great interest. For years he attended its commencements regularly making the long journey in hissulkey, before the coming ot railroads render ed the journey both short and easy. He inherited an ample estate, and enjoyed in youth the best advantages oi me umes, zor intellectual ana social culture. In early manhood he mar ried a lady of great refinement and ernest piety, who after a married life of nearly sixty years, " preceded him to the grave two years ago. A Panther Creek, so many years their home, was wnat their ample means and refined taste could ' make it, and for more thaa half of a eeatury was known in all sections of the State, and beyond the State lines, a t a synonyme for all that is elegant and hearty in genuine nospuamy. nappy were tney, wnetner niga or iow,: rich or poor who found themselves guests at Panther Creek. , Men eminent as statesmen, jurists, or divines, counted themselves for tunate when they con Id visit Panther vreeK. Jir. ,vuiiams seemed never so pleased as when contributing to the pleasure or comfort of others. In his benefactions he seemed to ignore all calculation oi eosc i have never known one who who so largely and so long contributed to the pleasure and comfort of others. Benevolence was one of his most strongly marked chart acteristies. Among the many '' and dear friends I found during the near ly thirty years of my life in North Carolina, there was none : to whom I am under greater obligations than to Mr. N. L. Williams. I fain would lay a flower on the grave; of my de parted friend. Would that I had language commensurate with my ra regards and my esteem,' then I might hppe to pay a tribute worthy of his memory. Rich'i. H.Griffith. Greenville. S. C. - -. T " .'J : The Circulating Library." From the Wilmington Star. There is not a bigger humbug than the' so-called circulating library. For $15 or $20 a community can buy all the books that they wiiJ be charged $100 or $200 for by an agent. Mark that and do not be (swindled. -. - Winston Has One. Also. Front the Wedon Ne-jw. ' , Xhere are now Chinese laundries at CbarlotteV i Asheville and Wilming ton. . .- -. THE NATION'S CAPITAL. PROCEEDINGS IN BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS. The Session on its Last Legs Senator Vance's speech on the Oleomarga rine Bill What Congress has Done. Special Correspondence of The Sentinel. Washington, July 26. The last hours of a session betoken that Con gress does not perform, one-half of its duty. There may be a wise policy in short sessions, there may be wisdom in keeping the country quiet, but not from the standpoint of patriotism. It is the shrinking politician, the trem- bliug, delinquent Congressman, who longs to go home, while mountains of public measures and bills of private claims remain untouched. It is poli- ItEV. UEWITT TAI,MA.UE, tics to say and do little, lest somebody say and do too much: No honest Con gressman need fear to sit out the year and perform his duty. As it is, many important measures will be untouched when this session closes, such as bills on bankruptcy, polygamy, inter-national copyright, finance, railroads, taxation, internal revenue and other live subjects. t THE SENATE; passed bill providing" a number of clerks, not exceeding 148, for the ar my. A bill was introduced to return tax on cotton collected, '65-'68, from people of certain States, to be used for educational purposes. Senator Blair asks that the surplus resolution be amended so as to reserve $79,000, 000 for the common schools. Senator Sherman was opposed to bringing the surplus down to $100,000. eenator Vance delivered . one of his most hu morous and ironical speeches against taxing oleomargarine! Here is a sam ple of his irony : . "Protection's battle once begun m ( Bequeathed bj howling sire to son, V', Only co aid be fought and. won .- , By taxing every eon of a gun." ' The bill was passed, fixing the tax at two cents, and went to conference. During the consideration of the sun dry civil bill, an unmerciful economy was betrayed.-1: .'-' : y t "V " the house - passed resolution to adjourn Congress on Wednesday, the 28th inst. Also the Fortification Bill, appropriating $620,000, and requiring, thanks to Mr. Randall, the patronage of Amer ican armorers. " A report was submit ted authorizing retaliatory steps in cases like that of Canada's seizures. The River and Harbor afforded an other opportunity for false economists. On Thursday and Saturday, the bill for the increase of the navy was con sidered. The Inter-State Commerce bill was sparingly discussed. It was rumored that the Republicans were at the bottom of the resolution to ad journ prematurely, though Mr. Mor rison was the author. : Nobody could tell . wlmt Mr. Morrison was at the bottom of. ' . , ; ... WHAT CONGRESS HAS DONE will be food for thought many moons to come. Partisans are satisfied with the work. What prompts Congress .to do anything is, of course, an exclu sive desire to gratifiy partisans. Now,, the Republican partisan believes he has vanquished the Democratic parti san, and vice versa. This belief, per haps, would have existed, if Congress had sat still and folded its arms". So, as a matter of fact, what Congress has done, or has not done-, is but a aiiull ingredient of the political poison par tisans compound. It is utterly useless, therefore," 167 study'a session of CVn grets under the tuition of partisanship, -; 1 A PACK OF. LIES" "'1 ' ' is generally the summary of a session f . of Congress. ' A Republican must ad mit that his side has done many things it ought not to have done. Democrats do not escape. There have been some partisan scenes that no patriot would repeat and no father relate. Time has been sacrificed, not tor the public weal, but for partisan and personal advantage. That either side gave way to the great questions of the hour, that Republican? extended the right hand of patriotism to Democrats, and viceversa that pure motives, states manship prevailed on either side these, and much more, are a pack of lies. IT HAS DONE NOTHING. It has been a case of "dog eat dog," from the beginning, from Senate to House. Not a great, all-healing meas ure has been adopted. Not a law has v.-;:v..- NOW AT ASHEVILLE. ; -3 been passed. Either, in spite ot ex cuses. seems bevond the Consressione. grasp. What has been done as duty was mechanically performed. Not a statesman has risen above the heads of these pot-house politicians, and stood hrm and unrelenting lor the people. A Republican will attribute all of this to Democracy ; that is on a level with the pot-house politician. A tax-payer, whose own interests are greater than politicians' ambitions will attribute it to the men, whichever way he votes. There is the remedy. The Senate and T.r " ji .ii . f ' xiouse neea statesmen, wining to sac rifice themselves instead of the people, THE COMING ELECTIONS will afford the tax-payer and sufferer an opportunity to profit by experience. There are men in Congress who will be returned because their living con utituents are blind. . This is a charac-. tertstic American weakness. And -yet there are some Districts where aie,t:! ter Republican or a better, Democrat will be elected. It Is time to 'drop jtfc.f fogyism of voting for a man-just' be cause he is a Democrat or Republican That is how many , scoundrels come to Congress. sjL man who votes against his own constituents should be defeat ed), though he be a St. Paul. -( And as a matter of fact, there' are enough .Democrats' or Republicans, just as the case may pe, to send honest and laith ful men to Congress. , J i -. AFTEK-SE8SION WORif ' f promises to be abundant, though many wilt depart at once for the.seat of war. It is said that some constituencies have heard so little of their Represen tatives ? this ,ession that the sooner hoimTthe'better. But a number will remain and endeavor to convince the Postmaster-General that appointments should be more frequent in their Dis tricts. Others will lay in ambush and spring upon Grover Cleveland at the first opportunity. In fact, many Con gressmen will once more show their true colors, and resume the came of seek. -, Shadow. A BIgr Sale. Ftoni the ilartinsoille Eeralo. . - . The Keidsville Weekly records the fact that F. R. Peun & Co., tobacco manufacturers at that place, made a .sale lat week of 7,000 forty-pound boxes of plug tobacco280,000 pounds. The pobacco wafi purchased by one fimnj- Leaving out of the count the government contracts, we suppose the sale recorded by the Weekly is the greatest single transaction in the his tory of the plug trade of Virginia or North Carolina. The tax on the 7,000 boxes will be $20,400. . , ". " '. '. f- i .. , ; - . , riie, Veteran of the Teto-Yot. ( From the Mahanoy City Local. ' Cleveland, seems to have a dim sort ai sx suspicion that he is President of this great and glorious country. "N0EF CA'LLNY WATS." ODDITIES OF TARHEEL CIVILI ZATION. Incidents That Could Happen Nowhere Else But In Tarheelia--Fishing for Rats An Old-Fashloned Turtle Fight Possum Wine The Rabbit's Foot. Oar esteemed friend the Wilming ton Star, as will" be seen by referenee to our btate news column, believes that there is virtue in the left hindfoot of a graveyard rabbit. Well, maybe there be, but one of the compositors in this office, Mr. Fred St. E. Rolfe, don't think so. He traded for one last Sunday week in the hope of draw ing fifteen thousand dollars in the Louisiana State Lottery . by virtue thereof, and was in consequence very sanguine up till the arrival of the Star yesterday, when he found that his ticket was a water haul.. He is our authority for saying that there is no virtue in the pedal appendage alore- said. Goldsboro Argus. A party from Bennettsville was selling a patent ; broom in ' town last week. As he was about to depart, he inquiringly remarked, "Fayetteville must be a mighty unhealthy place. "Why?" asked his friend. "Because, I called at about thirty residences and when I asked for the lady of the house the servants almost all, 'she is sick' " The friend suggests that it would be more frank 'and less hurtful to our town, to say "not at home." It is inferred that the plea of "sick" was to evade the undesired visit, for it is well known that our town is a health ful ona. News. A young gentleman of our acquaint ance desired to call upon a member of the gentler sex. . Not having a messenger boy convenient to carry the note, he, in a joking way offered a gentleman friend a dime to carry it for him. His friend, entering into the spirit of the thing accepted the offer, carried the note and before giv ing it to the young lady, requested the pleasure of calling that night him self, (cheek unutterable!) which the lady accorded, he then presented his friend's note, and of course the lady was compelled to return "a previous etc., prevents." Fayetteviile Hews. The new w reform " name for it. A few days ago a pretty tough customer from Harnett was before a U. S. officer here on a charge of illicit distilling. xle was asked it he did not have a still. He said no, he had some large pots. Another ; query. " What was in one of those large pots," elicited the response, " ' Possum wine." That was a puzzler. JNobody liked to appear ignorant of what " 'possum wine was but yet nobody knew. Finally he was asked.: , " What is possum wine, " Well," said he, " some folks calls it 'sinunon heer." 'Raleigh News- Obser ver. . " 5 ' i-i'J rr . . -v.-: ;. 1 There was as an old fashioned '"tur tle fight at Mr. Peterson's 'store1. " Oh Monday last Mr. Peterson bought about one 'hundred loggerhead turtles' of different sizes and different tenrpei anient. They were all turned loose in an adjoining room and-such a clinching, snapping, knocking and boxing nas seldom been ? witnessed. Washington Qatette. New 'Berne proposes to 'have an "oyster fair" next winterifotWiof the old church kind-Hjceans'of thin soup and, lonesome bivalve now and then, but an exhibition of eystr in-' tended to encourage and-; develop the industry in North Carolina!' (Wor Torchlight.' V':. m i '.it ' ' ' 1 " - ' A ' young man from the country walked into the county court room on yesterday and seeing a chair behind the judge's stand, remarked, that he thought the judge "sat on the bench" and not on a chair. Raleigh Visitor. " , . Among other ; items . fuanished in a recent issue of the Concord Timet, from Harrisburg, Cabarrus county, is one to the. , effect that "Mr. J. W. Hancock had a pair of chills last week." 'Letters in a Watermelon. - T From Vie Wilmington Star Ken Hamilton, a vender in the market, tells of a watermeloa that up on being cut exhibited two white let ters "A N "- 011 the red meat of the fruit. The letters were plainly dis cernable, in ' large" type," as adver tisers say." or about " line' pica," as a printer would describe them.,,, The melon was grown on Mr. Giles' place at the Sound. ' ' " " , . Aiheat the jalalna Manager. 3 FrOm theWttxkinaton Satchel. i it looks a little as if Steve El kins is in charge of Gladstones campaign. KEWSP4PEK qualifications What the Essential Requirements of a Newspaper Man Must Be. A great many curious things have been written about men who start out in the newspaper business. It is a rich field for merry and and truthful stories, but Curtis Guild, in a lecture before the Boston newspaper men the other day got off the following pretty correct and serious desciipiiun of what a newspaper man must be made of: "What, then, some men may in quire, are the requisites of the news paper business? An answer to this suggests itself in :i reply, ia .somewhat powerful terms, I will admit, that I made to a pale, hollow-cheated young man of 22 or 23, who once waited upon pie with an inouirv of a similar nature. Uehau nl.-w thousaiia dol lars and had just graduated from col lege, and wanted to ion: with some body to start a paper. Start a paper! Sis is thought by uluiosl every ;:e ;side the bu- iuess, one of the oa:3ict and pleasantest things in the world to do and so it is, if vou have plenty of money to start with ; but it is not the startins:, but the keepmcr of it troiug at a profit, that calls for brains. I re call now the reply, probably prompt ed by a day's severe and exhausting work, when, alter listening us patient ly as possible to the young man s crude notions respecting a business in which he had no experience, he beg ged I would tell him, in as few words as possible, the qualifications necessa ry to prosecute the business successful ly. He was somewhat startled by the assertion that they were as follows : A brain as flexible and elastic as steel. A memory as tenacious as iron. A temper even as that of a saint. . A digestion equal to that of an os trich. And the endurance ot adamant. THE MODERN JOURNALIST. The successful journalist of to-day says the Albany Journal ia the man who can supply any department of his paper, were he called upon to do it. This may grate upon the ears of the young men who has cherished such noble ideas of his chosen profession ; but when he comes down from the realm of fancy to name successful men whose steps lie would follow, he finds it a fact. There is no call for young men, collegebred or otherwise, in the editorial room, and a diploma from a German university canuot create a demand. Journalism is a school, and it has a primary department, as do all other professions or occuptions whose goal is a lofty one. The young marr who would make a name in the pro fession, and yet expects to begin and finish writing editorials, has a distort ed view of the work before him. It is no longer necessary, however desira ble, to have " worked up from the case," but the idea of the head of a paper who could not write a " local," correctja " proof," edit rural correspon dence and regulate affairs in any emer gency in the composing-room may bo comprehensible to the graduate, but it is rediculous to the practical journa kt. r The only place to roaster these. L details is in the office. . ' ' . , , JOURNALISM AND MECHANISM. , Paper and Fres aptly remarks that in past ages, men sought distinctiorr in war. The human mind made what' development it did make in the clash of arms; jn the building up of empire" and kingdoms by the sword. Later ' on, the human mind sought happiness, development and glory, in the writing ot books, in the practice of State crafl and later an lliv Routrht l.hi worlil'a applause in the halls ot legislation. The Forum and Tribune are no lon ger productive of truly great minds. The occupation of arms, is being cast aside. State craft is no longer so im portant. To-day the brightest minds of the age and the holdout hearts, find in journalism the graudoat opportu nities for the development of ability and the gratification of aiubitioii. An-; other class of great' minds find wealth and fame delviugi into ihe arena of nature, and in bringing oul lliu loiig hidden treasures, which they lay bo fore the world fur its usts. J.Iauhan ism and journalism are the twin agen cies, which are drawing out the great est energies, the higiicai innoiLio'is and which are cicauiag lji,ji:tr,: it.nd anls toward which hui.iuu :i'iiviiy will ceaselessly s-iruglc 'tVr de veloping a higher type i men, a new order cf nobility, . '.v.hose inigP'H can not be ojiiferid Im Kius or F.mptr- ors. The brill: nut array of &b!. men" in both these ru.ii'1 ;ivcuu' ,-i creat ing yeai by jvur. - Aitos, law, diplo macy, dpiot attract the aoiest men of to-day, . " PrnhiWilPD la Etisns. . Yrom the W-rminvton S'v Kansas drug stores' arc uh.roA "with out numb' r. Under prohibition they are said to be diug au i-.. .tume busi ness owing to so much sickness, 'tie favorite prescription is whiskey.