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- THE SENTIJrax, ' IS THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM In the City, BECAUSE IT HAS A LARGER LOCAL CIRCULATION THAN ANY OTHER PAPER ! - GIVE THE SESTISEL JOB PRINTING ROOMS A TRIAL. w. ELEGANT WORK At Moderate Prices. ESTABLISHED I3ST 1852. -... EDWARD A. OLDHAM. A NORTH CAROLINA FAMILY NEWSPAPER FOR NORTH CAROLINA PEOPLE, IN THE STATE AND OUT. rfIa Editor antf Publisher j " " -J t rEK TfcAH. 1.S0. TOL. XXX. NO. 32., WINSTON, N. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 12, 1886. . . PRICE 5 CENTS , . . "" ; 1 ' 1 " I " " " SAMUEL J. TILDEN DEAD. STRICKEN SUDDEStY IN HOME AT G KEYSTONE. HIS A Brief Sketch of the Life and Public Service of the Dead Lawyer and Statesman. Syitcial correspondence of The Sentinel. New York, August 7. The many readers of The Sentinel throughout North Carolina and wherever your excellent paper is read will hear with regret of the death of Hon. Samuel J. Tilden, the Sage of Gramercy Park and the most sagacious leader the De mocracy ever had. He died at 8:50 o'clock, Wednesday the 4th, inst., at his beautiful country seat, at Greystone on the Hudson. He passed away so peacefully that it was difficult for his friends to believe that the end had come. He was seat ed in a rocking chair propped up with pillow. He was apparently in no pain. For some time past he has avoided the city, and has remained at his beau tiful country house, Greystone, on the Hudson. Surrounded here by all the luxury that wealth can command, and watched over and tended by his ac complished physicians and by affect ionate friends and faithful servants, Mr. Tilden's declining days have been made as comfortable as might be. His hold on life has been most tenacious wonderfully so. It has excited ths wonder of the whole country, and has awakened the inquiry of the scientific. SKETCH OF HIS LIFE. Samuel Jones Tilden was born in New Lebanon, Columbia county, New York, February 9, 1814. He came from good Puritan stock, and his mid dle name is that of his maternal ances tor, William Jones, who was Lieutenant-Governor of the colony of New Haven. His family were well to do, and is father was one of Martin Van Buren's trusted advisers. Mr. Tilden entered the field of political contro versy before he went to college. In 1832, when he was only 18 years old, he wrote a strong article on the refusal of the Senate to confirm Mr. Van Bur en as Minister to England, and was the author of the celebrated "Address to the People," which was 'signed by leading Democrats, and which did so -2; vmuch to defeat the object of the coali tion of the anti-Masons and national Republicans against Jackson. The result of the electien of that year in this State was a victory for the Demo crats by 10,000 majority. Mr. Tilden entered Yale College in 1833, and was a classmate of Wm. M. ISvarts, Chief Justice Waite and Ed wards Pierrepont. He was a studious young man, and his application was so severe that his health was injured and he was obliged to return home at the end of his freshman year. He completed his college course in 1837 at the University of New York. While he was still in college he took part in the controversy on the Independent Treasury question, and wrote a series of articles sustaining the administra tion of hi" old friend Mr. Van Buren. These articles were published in the Albany Argus over the signature of "Crino," and attracted universal at- '"v-teption. So able were they that they were attributed to Judge Esek Cowen. In 1838 he participated in a public debate with Senator Tallmadge, and was not worsted. Already, at the age of 24, he was felt to be a growing pefwer in the politics of the State. He eagerly engaged in all the exciting discussions which followed and result ed from the great financial crash of 1837, and he furnished arguments which went t the advancement of many an older and more experienced man than the young stripling fresh from college. ' PRACTICES LAW, After leaving the University Mr. Tilden read law in the office of John W. Edmonds and came to the bar in 1841. He opened an office on Pine street, New York, and began the prac tice, but his father was so far convinc ed that his health would prove an ob stacle too great to be overcome that he often said that he "feared Samuel would never able to make a living as " a lawytr." It would have been sur i prising, however, had not his intimate association witn the leaders of his par ty in the State and his ingrained love of Jeffersonian principles kept him in the political current. In connection with John L. O'Sullivan he establish ed, in 1844, the Daily Newt, and tor . months gave largely of his time and money to make it successful. After the election of Polk he gave his inter est in the News to Mr. O'Sulliyan, de clined a lucrative office tendered him by the administration and resumed the practice of law. He continued to la bor earnestly for the party and agreed to serve in the Legislature in 1845 and Constitutional Convention of 1856 but these were the ' only political places he could be induced to accept uutil hfe again consented to become a member of the Constitutional Conven tion of 1867 and of the New York As sembly in 1871-2. For more than twenty years Mr, Tilden devoted him self assiduously to his . profession, in which he accumulated vast wealth. Among his noteworthy cases were the Flagg election case," in 1857, and later the Pennsylvania Coal Company case, It was as a railroad lawyer that he achieved .his greatest successes. From 1855 to 1869 more than one-half of the great railway corporations north of the Ohio and between the Hudson and Missouri rivers were at sometime, his clients. All this time, however, he was not by any means withdrawn from politics, although neither seeking nor holding public offices. He was always called into service during po litical campaigns, his addresses being among the most, thoughtful of those delivered. - TILDEN AND THE TWEED RING. The Tweed ring ruled and plunder ed this city from 1869 to 1871. There was no party opposition to the "Boss." His accomplices were leaders of both organizations. He cajoled and bought. Legislatures at Albany were elected with the money stolen from the tax payers of the city. It was a saturna lia of crime. By 1870 the impudence ot the ring had grown to be so great that the stealings of the conspirators amounted to nearly 815,000,000. Then it was that the movement began which ended in the overthrow of Tweed. It was a work which brought Mr. Tilden the applause of men of all parties. To complete it he accepted a nomination to the Legislature in the fall of 1871, was elected without much concern of party and secured such amendments to what was known as the Tweed charter as gave the people of New York some protection against robbery. NOMINATED FOR GOVERNOR. In 1874, after a brief visit to Eur ope the year before, Mr. Tilden was nominated for Governoi. He was re cognized as the great reformer of the time. His services and the needs of the hour demanded the nomination, and overcame his unwillingness to ac cept it. His election followed, simply because the people of the State believ ed in him. Tilden managed his own campaign, of course ; there was no one could do it so well. Five or six weeks before the election every school dis trict in the State was polled and it was ascertained within a few thousand just how the election would vote. The returns from this canvass Tilden kept to himself. It indicated to him where party work was needed. That such work was done, and effectively, must be accepted as certain, as a second can vass, taken a week or ten days before the election, enabled Mr. Tilden to predict that he would be elected by 50,000 majority. MR. TILDEN AS GOVERNOR. When Mr. Tilden became Governor of New York, January 1, 1875, his first important step vas to destroy the canal ring. Soon after his inaugura tion he began a systematic investiga tion of the canal business and in less than two months he had the bottom facts and was ready to move on the ring. He sent a special message to the Legislature, accompanied by a volum inous exhibits, which completely ex posed the ring frauds and furnished the proofs. It was quick, dicisive work. There remained, of conrse, much to be done, but it was a matter of detail only. The result was a sav ing to the tax-payers of the State the enormous sum of $8,000,000 per an num. THE CAMPAIGN OF 1876. When the time came for holding the national convention of 1876, Mr. Til den was by far the most prominent candidate mentioned for the president ial nomination. The organization of his forces at the bt. Louis convention was perfect. He received the nomi nation on the first ballot. He stood oh perhaps the best made platform ever adopted by a political convention. It spoke for honest money, reduction of tariff taxes, civil service reform, and was bold in its declarations against the corruptions of the Grant administration. The campaign was one of the most notable in the history of the country. It was under Governor Tilden's direct ion and up to the close of the polls wa without a mistake. Its events are sufficiently familiar not to need ' re counting here. Mr. Tilden was ELECTED TO THE PRESIDENCY by a decided majority of . electoral votes sustained by a popular majority. The result was astonishing to the Re publicans, but on the morning suc ceeding the e'eetiou everybody con ceded the Democratic success but the chairman and a few members of the Republican national committee and one Republican paper in New York city, which spoke at . their instigation. All that happened during the succeed ing months and up to the inauguration of Mr. Hayes is known to every body. Could Mr. Tilden have been inaugurated he would have made an administration to strengthen the De mocracy, as he had done in the admin istration of affairs in New York. IN RETIREMENT. Since 1876 Mr. Tilden lived in re tirement, declining to be a ; candidate for the Presidency in 18i0 ami again in 1884. It was his habit to pass his winters at his Gramercy Park man sion and his summers at his seat. Grey stone, at Yonkers. Both houses are stately and splendidly decorated and furnished. One of Mr. Tildeu's hob bies was his library, which contained many rare books and extended copies of scarce editions. At Greystone he took much interest in breeding blood ed stock. Formerly it was his habit to take exercise, on horseback, but during the last year or two, owing to SAMI EL J. his physical condition, he was com pelled to forego horseback riding. Sent I. Nel. WAKE FOREST COLLEGE. The New Professors Recently Elected by the Trustees. At a full meeting of the Trustees of Wake Forest College, held in Raleigh on Friday last, Dr. J. A. Duggan was elected to the chair of Chemistry, Rev. G. W. Manly Latin Professor, and Mr. Walter H. Michael, Assistant Professor of Languages and Mathe matics. Dr. Duggan is a nativo of Georgia an A. M. of Macon University, Georgia ; an M. D. of Jefferson Col lege, Pennsylvania, and a doctor of Philosophy of Johns Hopkins Unver sity, Maryland. For the last four years he has been a resident fellow of Johns Hopkins University, and the consulting chemist of the Maratime Manufacturing Company of New York He was employed by tlie U. S. gov ernment to investigate the manufact ure of glucose and grape sugars, and the recent report of the American Board of Health Association on Dis infectants was, in part, from his pen. He has published a number of origi nal investigations in the Chemical, and already has a European reputa tion as a scientist, having been recent ly elected a member of the Chemical Society of Germany; though only 27 years old. Prof. Manly is an A. M. of George town College, Kentucky ; a full grad uate of the Southern Baptht Theolog ical Seminary, and a Doctor of Phi losophy of the University of Leipsic, Germany. His thesis on taking his degree at Leipsic was "The Cartesian Philosophy," written in Latin, and is now in process of publication by the University. It is not a mere essay, but will make a volume of considera ble size. Prof. Manly 's grandfather was the distinguished Dr. Basil Man ly, of Chatham county, N. C, a broth er of Governor Charles Manly and Judge Mathias Manly, of the Su preme Court of North Carolina His father, Dr. Basil Manly, Jr., is now a Professor of the Baptist Theo logical Seminary, of Louisville, Ky. He is also a quiet young man. Prof. Michael is a graduate of the Seminary of West Virginia, and comes highly endorsed as a scholar and efficitnt in structor. Neither of the gentlemen is married. There were some thirty or forty applicants f r the position from all parts of the United States. Thicker Than Rosen in Juno. From it'::: C,U,yj.j Tclxgro :k. The patriotic citizen who is "injthe hands of his friends" is now abroad in the land. v A Buffalo Torlfk of Infinite Jest. " . From -the Buffalo Express ' Cleveland and Logan is .the latest compromise for 1888. A MOUNTAIN TRAMP. FK03I BRIDGEWATER TO BLOW ING ROCK. Sketches of Irfnville Falls and Bynums Bluff Trout Fishing in the AVatauga --Boar Tales of the "Mountlngs"and Scenes Along the Linville River. , . PARTI " --: For The Sentinel. "How shall I spend the summer? Where shall I go? How shall I go ?" These are the questions which hun dreds put to themselves every year. One very pletisant way and the best way for one not over afflicted with delicate stomach and weak limbs. ! tains of Western iortli Carolina. -A companion and I, wishing to see TILDEN. something of the country, away from railroads and the usual beaten track of tourists, took a most delightful jaunt through parts of Mitchell, Burke and Watauga counties. After the black Mountain Assem bly was over we went to Bridgewater, a small station near Morgan ton, and struck out through the country for Linville Falls. We carried no bag gage, except a few articles in our pockets. We were in regular tramp costume big pants, flannel shirt and slouch hat. We made about five miles the first evening and stopped, after wading Paddy's creek up to our knee at McCalls. Plain fare, but hospitable welcome made our stay very pleasant. Around the fire after supper we smoked and talked of Kirks men and his Morgan ton raid. Mine host gave us a graph ic description of his descent upon Mor ganton, by way of the Winding Stair and the capture of Camp Vance. Sleep came, all too soon, and in the land of Nod Mr. Kirk and his Ten nessee band found no place. Next morning we bade our kindly host fare well and began the climb of Linville Mountain. Soon after our start we left houses, people and civilization be hind and for fifteen miles saw not a house or a trace of man. The road was a mountain "ridge road" simply a bridle path up the Linville moun tains. To our right was Short-off mountain, ending abruptly in a preci pice of three or four hundred feet, over-looking the foaming Linville river. On our way the ferns lay out on each side, acre after acre, growing from one to three and four feet high. The timber too, especially cheats ut, was very fine. All along our way from Short-eff to Table rock there is a canyon cut down by the river hundreds of feet deep. The sides are solid rock, chimney-like in appearance and are insurmountable there being only one or two places in the whole distance where one can get down into the river bed. Near Hawk's bill and Table Rock we were so fortunate as to fall in with a 'party of mountaineers, looking for cattle. Numerous were the tales told of 'bear hunting "around the mount ings." "I'll tell ye,"' &aid one of these nimrods ; "the most tif klish bear hunt I ever had was right upjthar ou Hawk's Bill mounting. I went up to that thar ravine way up near the top and went into a cave, way down under the ground. The first thing I knowed I run. right plumb up against a bear's npst and seed her eyes a shinin'. You just bet I got out of thar double-quick. I went home and got my Springfield riflle (left me by the Yankees) and loaded her up. "Well sir, I went back into that hole and when I seed the old she bear's eyes a shinin', I let her have it right square pine blank atween 'era. That got her, and when I drug her out she weighed over 300 pounds an' the fat on her back was as thick as the length of a case knife !" With such yarns as this the journey was lightened and our way made pleasant. They showed us the "Greeu Mountain Spring," a solid stream of water six inches through, and very cold. It comes just rushing and surg ing up from the mountain ami forms the head of a small river. Byuura's Bluff was our next stop ping place. It L about oue mile from Franklin's (boarding-house). . The view simply over-taxes my stock of adjectives. From the top of the bluff to the river below is almost perpendic ularly, a half mile. Down i;i front of us was lying the peaceful Linville valley the river winding in and out like a band of silver. To the left were Table Rock and Hawk's Bill, while in the distance rose peak over peak and raDge over range as , far as eye could reach. The towering masses of rock on each side of the valley looked like grim footresses guarding the calm and quiet below. This view is decid edly the finest I have seen in Western North Carolina. It is beautiful, it is grand. Soon we arrived at Franklin's and, changing our wet garments ' for dry ones (borrowed from our host) sat by the fire listening to the patter of the rain. Our appetites were something astonishing. To say we felt lik "chew ing up fence rails' is to put it mildly ! How two slender young men could "get outside" of so much ham, chick en biscuits innumerable, "and three or fcur glasses of milk must always re main a problem to our host. Next morning, bright aud early, we walked to the Linville Falls. Form erly the fall was much higher, but the ceaseless pour has worn the rock down considerably. After making several very pretty cascades and turns the river, with one grand bound, throws itself about forty feet into a pool be low measureless in its depths. All around this basin are beetliug masses of rock, rising from one to two hun dred feet. As we saw them, the Falls were simply beautiful ; with something of the grand giving one a faint hint of what Niagra might be. The river was up and just muddy enough to give the water a creamy tinge. A the big mass of water cemes pouring over in resistless power the mist and water smoke rise around it as if trying to veil its beauty from the sight. To a day dreamer or one fond of the ro mantic the Falls are very suggestive. It requires only a small exertion ef the imagination to once nioae people the valley with the redskin warrior and maided. Again the Wataugas roam the forests and amid the wild roar of the cataract one easily faucies he hears the soft wooing of the brave Hi-co-no-lupta and his lovely Euola loo. Our next trip is to the old Grand father Mountain in whose bosom rest hundreds ot red-warrioars of the Wa taugas, slain in a battle near the sum mit. V. W. L. DAVID DAVIS' WILL.. His North Carolina Wife Deprived of Dower by an Ante Nuptial Agree ment. The will of the late David Davis has been offered for probate aud sent to Washington for verification o the signatures. It was made March 8. 1883, just prior to Mr. Davis' second marriage. It is very voluminious and full of details. The executors are Mr. Davis' only son, George Perriu Davis his ion in law, Henry S. Swayne ; and the Hon. Cliftau II. Moore of Clinton, III., a friend of forty years standing. The estate is valued at about SI 000, 000, chiefly in lands in Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, and New York City, proper ty in Chicago and elsewhere. The will discloses that his second wife is deprived ot dower by an ante nuptial contract, the terms of which are not given. He leaves her $2,500 in money, all the furniture purchased since their murriage, carriages, horses, &c. The family homestead he requests be kept in the family unincumbered, but does not specify who shall take it. He provides comfortable support for his poor relations and those of his first wife and earnestly enjoins upon his heirs to see that none of these come to want. 'By thus doing,' he 'says, ' you will best honor your mother and father.' He gives his son the elegant country home occupied by him. After setting out various large tracts of land to his children and grandchildren, he bequeaths all the rest to his son and daughter as tenants in common. He earnestly enjoins on his heirs not to sell or encumber the estate. Our "Erratic Contemporary." from the Tarboro Soutktrntr. The News and Obxerver says that the editorials of the Charlotte Obser ver are weak. A paper that has the combined editorial talent of the New York Star and the New York World can afford to criticise the original edi torials of other papers. The exquisite taste of our metropolitan contempo rary is only exceeded by its imparti ality. - THE CLOSE OF CONGRESS. THE FORI Y-XINTU SKSSION AD JOl'RNEU TH I USD AY LAST. The River and Harbor BUI Approved by the President The Mexico Trou bleThe Oleomargarine mil Be comes a I?av. SiKCia! Correspondence of the Sentinel. Washington, August 9. The first session of the 49th Congress which be gan on Monday, December 7th, 1SS5, and covered a period of seven months and twenty-eight days, terminated ou Thursday, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon. The closing day was more orderly and free from objectionable' transactions which usually characterize the c!osing day of a session. Hoth the Republi can and Democratic Senators were no tified by AN EXTRAORDINARY SCENE which was occasioned by one of Sena tor Riddleberger's freaks. The usual resolution was offered by Senator Har ris thaukiug the presiding officer, for the ability, courtesy and impartiality with which he had presided over the Senate during the session. Thf ijues tion was put, and declared to have been unanimously adopted, whereupon Mr. Riddleberger in an excited man ner declared that the resolution should not pass unless a quorum was present, and in order to prevent a further scene a recess was ordered. Later in the day, during Mr. Riddleberger's ab sence from the Senate Chamber, the resolution was called up and adopted. The official announcement that the President had approved THE RIVEIi AND HARliOR BILL, was the signal for many of the Sena tors and Representatives to leave the Capitol to complete their arrange ments for the homeward journey, and when the hour of adjournment arrived there were but few present iu either house. The President has signed THE OLEOMARGARINE BILL, aud in doing so he sent to the House a message giving his reasons, and mak ing certain suggestions as to changes in some of the sections of the bill, which he thinks would improve it. The provisions of the bill are such as to prevent its becoming a law until the expiration of ninety days from the date of the President's signature. There is much conjecture as to the probable outcome of THE DISPUTE WITH MEXICO in regard to the imprisonment of edi tor A. K. Cutting, by the- Mexican government. The matter has been the subject of several earnest aud pro tracted discussions by the President and his Cabinet, and the prevailing opinion seems to be that Mr. Cutting' will receive a heavy sentence, and be at once pardoned by President Diaz. The news of THE DEATH OF MR. TILDEN which was received on Wednesday last and bulletined at various points throughout the city and at the Capitol occasioned general surprise and re gret. The President, his Cabinet and many prominent officials attended the funeral services on Saturday. DEAD IilLUi. As all billsdid not receive the signa ture of the President before Congress adjourned failed to become law, the joint resolution providing for distribu tor of the surplus in the Treasury has fallen through. This is the only meas ure of consequence passed by both Houses which the President has failed to act upon, and his failure to act is equal to a veto. Commissioner of Agriculture Cole man has decided to establish A SILK FACTORY in connection with the Agricultural department. A building will at once be erected upon the Department grounds for the purpose. The object of the Commissioner is to institute a series of experiments with the view of demonstrating as to whether or not the manufacture of silk can be made profitable in this section of the country. No effort vvill be made to furnish the raw material, v.hii !( will be purchased wherever obtainable. The President has perfected his ar rangements for leaving Washington for A bl'MMER VACATION, ami in company with Mrs. Cleveland, will probably leave for his favorite cainpiug grounds iv within a week or V Amru!Rla'ks day?. IN: has exteii'leu no ,inviU:t.i)K to taei to accompany him, aii-i Ai.- probability :s t niif they will bo alone most of tho time, as the I'rc-s-ideri dc. iares t tint he needs rest, and lu knoivs of no plr.ee where it tun ' obtained squsl t - h Adirondack. H. Mure l'eitili-r lrop ft'rtu the IJifrKle Tail. From the Syracuse fitandanl The House conferees killed tho trade doilar resoluitou. Perhaps hcvctity-iive cents isn't heap enough.