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OUT OF THE OLD RUT : AND TAKE A LIVE, PROGRESSIVE PftFEP. J Whose Contents are not Pilch Forked Into Its Column from a Daily Without Any ARRANGEMENT OR EDITING. ESTABLISHED ITsT 18S2. EDWARD A. OLDHAM. Editor and Publisher- A NORTH CAROLINA FAMILY NEWSPAPER FOR NORTH CAROLINA PEOPLE, IN THE STATE AND OUT. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE. PER YEAR, $I.DO. VOL.. XXX. NO. 41. WINSTON, N. C, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1886. PRICE 0 CENTS. THE SENTINEL REFUSES TO STAND STILL! It Does Not Permit a Week to Pass without Producing AN IMPROVEMENT OR A NEW FEATURE! JUDICIAEY SQUAEE. THE LAWYER'S MECCA AT THE NATIONAXi CAPITAL. The Old White Court House and its Historical Remliilsenees Some of the Legal Fraternity who Frequent the Square. Sjtecial Correspondence of the Sentinel. , Washington, Sept. 11. Judiciary Square is one of the most interesting spots at the Capital. It is the nest of the legal fraternity. Every nook is occupied; lawyers pitch their tents elsewhere because Judiciary Square is full. And yet only a portion of the property holders have submitted to the inroads of time ; some still occupy their dwelling houses, or refuse to give the legal fraternity an inch. Thus, the nest ot -the legal iraternity is con fined to one square of Fifth street and a square or more of Louisiana avenue forming a right angle. At night, all other portions of Judiciary Square be trry signs of habitation, but here, at the nest, all is generally shrouded in darkness. THE OLD, WHITE COURT HOUSE, planted on the historic soil of the Square and fronting on Louisiana avenue, shines in the night. It faces the mouth of Four-and-a-half street, at which the monument to Lincoln stands. Its big Ionic pillars fairly ex cite pity for the narrow, plain, white pillar standing in the street. Thou sands of historic associations cluster around this old, white court house. It at one time sheltered the legislature, when the form of government was dif ferent, commonly known as the "feath er duster legislature." It has given room for many great trials and been the scene of many great meetings and events. It feeds the majority of the little birds in the nest. HISTORICAL, REMINISCENCES would give little space for the legal fraternity. But a thought of the Pen sion Office, to the north of the court house, is a reminder that another building once stood in its place the old, white jail. But a glance at the building of the Columbia Law College recalls that it was once Trinity Church and used by the soldiers dur ing the war. Memory follows upon memoiy. All was different twenty five years ago. The Square had no pretty trees, no green sward, no grace ful walks, no convenient seats ; it was a great, rough commons ; it was full of hospitals; it told the tale of war ; it was surrounded by soldiery. But a glance down Louisiana avenue shows the ill-fated lot where once stood the Canterbury Theatre, There is the Webster Law Building the old resi dence of Daniel Webster. Turn where you may, you see an histotical spot. We pen these lines under an old mansion built in 1845 ; the year of its erection is marked on an old fashioned duct of the rain-spouting. It is recognized as the most sub stantial building on the Square; it was "put up to stay." There is a tale to this old mansion it is the head quarters of The Sentinel's Wash ington corps and tales to all "of the houses whoseowners submitted to the inroads of time,but the legal fraternity must notjbe forgotten. " WM. B. WEBB is at present the most prominent law yer on the Square. It -is he whom President Cleveland appointed as one of the Commissioners of the District of Columbia, when he had never express ed a desire for the office, impliedly or otherwise. Commissioner Webb has been one of the birds many years and now spnrts an entire . building on Fifth street. He is tall, well-built, and active, an able and indefatigable lawyer and a true gentlemen. Noth ing could better illustrate his nature than the fact that, on the day after his unexpected appointment, he ling ered on the Square long enough to shake hands with everybody he knew and to bow to everybody he never knew. He has the reputation of standing by a client until the last and has frequently clung tenaciously to cases others would have never touch ed. Best of all, he generally suc ceeds. '"' . , - V , COL. ENOCH TOTTEN . is quite a prominent figure of the Square. He is Webb's bosom friend, has been for year. Their friendship ripened years ago before Webb left the Columbia Law Building, where Totten still has his office. Col. Totten is short, thickest and active, a 1 cour , ageous and busy lawyer and a generous-hearted gentlemen. Of course he has a military record, but no one would subpect this quiet, thoughtful and mild man commanded Fort Tot ten during the war. The ' practice Col. Totten enjoys enables him to lend a helping hand to youdger heads ; he rarely touches any but big cases and ; very rarely loses. ,He takes life easi ly. Every evening he meets Webb or Webb meets him and - the two go ' home side by side. Something quite unusual must happen to depart from this time-honored custom. GEN. HALBERT E. PAINE is a distinguished figure of the Square He was at one time a Representative in Congress from Wisconsin, several years ago Commissioner of Patents and lost a limb in the late war. His prac tice is rich, being confined to cases in the Supreme Court and claims before Congress. He is tall, well built and quite active, considering his loss. The Cherokee, Chickasaw and other Ind ians love Gen. Payne ; he is their counsel. The death ot his former partner, Col. Ben Grafton, whom all of the Indians in Indian Territory had learned to w.rship, left Gen. Payne with his hands full of Indian cases and claims. Everybody who has seen him on the Square ha3 seen his old white horse ; he brings the General to office and takes him home every fair day. The horse never weathers the storm. Gen. Paine would rather be soaked than have a drop of rain fall on that old, white horse's hide. OTHER LAWYERS, some equally prominent, are familiar figures of the Square. Several who were compelled to pitch their tents elsewhere; haunt the old Square by way of consolation. Ex-District At torney Corkhill had his headquarters on Louisiana avenue and was always surrounded by a select circle of young admirers. Charles Moore, the young Democratic orator is on that side. Also Thomas M. Fields, who took his first step, and took it bravely, in the late Nardello case. John E. Norris is there John Norris the great ex pounder of Jacksonian Democracy and President of the Jackson Asso ciation. "Squire" Walter has an of fice in view of the court hou se ; it is he who drove Ward, the nosfy dairyman out of a quiet neighborhood and thus sayr a new precedent established in the courts of the District. Shadow. surry & yadkin democrats. The 33rd Senatorial District Nomi nates A. H. Kapp for the Senate. Special Correspondence of the Sentinel. Rockford, N. C. October 12th. Pursuant to the call of the execu tive committee, the Democratic Con vention of the 33rd Senatorial Dis trict met at Rockford, at 1 o'clock p. m. on Saturday Oct 9th. The chair man of the committee being absent, Mr. R. R. Gallaway called the con vention to order, and B. F. Graves was made temporary secretary. On motion the tempoary organization was made permanent. The chairmanthen declared the convention organized and ready for business. On motion the chair appointed a committee on credentiais, composed of the following gentlemen : R. C. Puryear, F. C. Foard and J. R. Waltz. The roll of townships was called and the following failed to respond : Knobbs, Buck Shoals, and Little Yad kin in Yadkin county ; and Eldora, Franklin and Stuarts' Creek town ships in Surry. The Yadkin delega tion, being empowered by their county convention, were allowed to cast the vote of the whole county; On motion it was agreed that the votes of the un represented townships of Surry coun ty should be cast by the Surry dele gation. The committee on credentials then made a report which was ac cepted. Nominations were now in order and the following gentlemen were placed in nomination : R. L. Haymore, A. H. Kapp, and G. W. Sparger, The delegates from the various townships were premitted to retire, fifteen minutes, for consultation. On the return of the delegates, a vote was taken with the following result : Hay more, lol; Kapp, 201; Sparger, 13. A second ballot was called which resulted as follows : Haymore, 01 ; Kapp, 34 i ; Sparger, 61 . Kapp was declared the nominee, and the nomi nation, , was then made unanimous. Messrs. Sparger and Haymore, in the true Democratic spirit, announced their allegiance to the party, and pledged their support in the election of the nominee. ...,- r On motion, the - following were appointed as executive committee of tkis district for the next two years : S. D, Idol, chairman, R. C. Puryear D. M. Reece. The chair appointed, Messrs. Waltz and Puryear lo notify Mr. Kapp. of his nomination.- On mo tion it was ordered that the proceed ings of this convention be furnished the Mt. Airy N&ws and The Senti nel tor,.publication. . i. IJ The following' resolutions were in troduced by Dr. J. R. Waltz, and were unanimously adopted. eolveU By the Democrats of Surry ami Yadkia counties in convention assembled: ' 1 That we favor the unconditional! real of th entire revenue system, and that' we en dorse the" course of the representatives in Congress from North Carolina in their zeal ous efforts to effect that fend . 2 That we favor the Biair Bill and ask our representatives to coutinuo the nse of their in-, flnenee to effect its passage. -, - w. ... 3 That we endorse the Administration of JresiWnt" Cleveland throughout, " and pledge the support of the party to the nominee of this convention. ' B. F. GRAVES. REPRESENTATIVE ' YOUNG MEN WHO ARE TO SHAPE NORTH CAROLINA'S HISTORY IN THE PRES ENT GENERATION. Scions off a Revivified South Who Will Build Up Our Waste Places and Infuse New Life Into Our Political, Industrial and Educational Structure , ; .. .' H. paper number seven. , Maj. John W. Graham, Candidate for Congress in the Fourth District. J. W. Graham was born in Orange county, July 22, 1838,his father being W. A. Graham, who was a candidate for the Vice Presidency with Winfield Scott in 1852. He was graduated at the University of North Carolina in 1857 and was a tutor in that insti tution of learning for two or three years. Coming to the bar, he was chosen solicitor of Orange county in 1860, and soon established for himself a rep utation for ability which succeeding years at the bar have only served to enhance. The war breaking out, young Graham, on the 22nd day of April, 1861, entered the service as Lieutenant in the Orange Guards, which became a company in the 27th regiment, and the next year was cap tain of Co. D., 5Gth. regiment, Ran som's brigade, and in the winter of 1863 '64 was promoted as major 1 1.1.' i 'SENTINEL ENOBORPAU MAJ. JOHN of the 56th Regiment N. C. T. He served with great acceptability, was attentive to every duty, earing for his men and sharing in every hardship in a most admirable manner, and winning the confidence of all who had intercourse with him. Particularly was he highly complimented for un usual gallantry at the battle of Ply mouth. He escaped unhurt, however, until he was seriously wounded in the trenches around Petersburg, and again on the 25th of March, 1865, when in command of the right of the line in the attack on Hare's Hill he was dan gerously wounded in both thighs and was left in the hands of the enemy on the evacuation of Petersburg, not reaching home until during the Sum mer of 1S65. On recovering his health, . he was again elected solicitor of Orange county anderved as such during the years 1860 and 1867. In 1868 he was elected by the Democrats of Orange county to the constitutional convention, and was, we believe, the only Democratic mem ber of that body from any of the coun ties now composing the , congressional district. He then began that career as a public man which has won for him the unqualified respect, esteem and admiration of the conservative, thinking people of the State. He was elected also to the Senate of 1868 '69, and although overwhelmed by the republican majority in that carpet-bag legislature, he never ceased ed to strive for the best interests of the people. He it was who drew the famous measure repealing the taxes imposed in the special tax acts, declar ing those bonds invalid and directing them to be- turned into the State treasury. Together with Jarvis, Durham, Pou, of Johnston, and some of the republican members who were justly indignant at the capacity of the carpet-baggers and. alarmed at the evils that were about to overtake the State, he pushed the repealing legislation to a successful termination. It was a great victory and the people appreciated it and so regarded it. He was elected to the Democratic legis lature of 180 '82 and was largely instrumental in shaping the beneficial and remedial legislation . of those years. "He was again hi-' the senate of 1S76 77, where he - augmented his reputation as one of the most ef ficient and useful public men -of; the IF' el A State. During the past year he has been chairman of the board to revive the system of listing and collecting taxes and to equalize the valuation of property; During all these years he also practiced his profession suc cessfully, having been the law partner of Judge Ruffin since 1875, He was nominated for Congress by the Democrats of the Fourth District to succeed Gen. Cox, and one of the longest and most exciting . in the an nuals of North Carolina politics. ,: As a citizen Major Graham has ' al ways borne a most exemplary charac ter, as a public man his record is without spot or blemish. As a party leader he has been wise, prudent, con ciliatory; generous in impulse, firm in conviction, true to his friends, un selfish and patriotic. By common consent he is one of the most excel lent of the' men now living within the V. r try WINSTON: N;C." W. GRAHAM. borders of North Carolina. Plain and unpretending, affable; honest and true, he is esteemed and trusted by all who know him, He will worthily wear the honors conferred on him, and the party banner will suffer no tarnish or defeat iu his hands. The people of the fourth district have in him a candidate whom they will de light to honor, and he will bear him self in the national councils in a man ner creditable to tnem and honorable to himself. Mahoneat Weldon. . From the Keiox. On Tuesday Senator Mahone and Col. ' Cannaday, Sergeant-at-arms of the Senate, passed through here going Seuth. Withthem was Gen. Mahone's colored body servant. When, thqysar' rived here they went into ;th$ Hotel dining room" and took seats,the colored man seating himself with Ui em, seem inglywith their approval,. He was informed by Mr. Capell that he-would not be ' allowed to dine in ' the!), room with the white guests and he must leave which he proceeded to do with out any words. His two white friends opened not their mouths. This . hotel will not have civil rights. "i ' ' Orator for Washington's IS ii' Unlay. T Chapel Hxll Correspondence - The students have elected Mr. Rich ard N Hackett, Json of Dr. R. F. Hackett, the excellent' Senator from Wilkes county in the present General Assembly, as orator for the 22d of Feb ruary. He is called the " Waghing ton orator," He is a young man of talent and energy and will doubtless do himself credit. From Winston tn Statesville by Rail. The Statesville Landumrk says: There are ' lots" of railroad news these days. The latest is that Colonel A. B. Andrews told a gentietuea who wus in Statesville ' Monday that the Richmond A Danville system would soon begin the survey of a line from Witwton to SliUnsivilie, with, a view, it is suggested,, of v:iildi'b , 'he- Jink between these two places, which -will render it inde pendent of the North Carolina railroad, its lease upon which will soon expire. Wheth-. er or not there is anything in this talk we dd not nndertake to say. . There is so uitioh surveying going n these days, 6o; many railroad schemes are beinj inaugurated and so many old ones being galvanized into life, that a good deal of credulity is necessary to enable one to accept for gospel truth every thing that is told. CHATHAM COURT. I Notes Gathered by The Sentinel's ; Traveler. Pittsboro, N. C, Oct. 5. The fall term of the Superior Court for this county is now in session, Judge Connor presiding, lhe crowd in at tendance to-day (Tuesday) is a large one. There are three capital cases to be tried at this term, namely, a negro (whose name we cannot now recall) for rape upon Miss Welsh, of Bear Creek, in this county. The evidence in this case is said to be conclusive, and the prisoner will no doubt hang. Another .negro will be tried for bur glary, having been found during the wee sma' hours of night in the house of Capt. C. B. Denson, of this place, and in a room supposed to be occu pied by young Miss Denson. Also one Mr. Johnson, for the killing of his brother, which he claims was acci dental. Special veniries have been summoned for these cases, and some excitement prevails. Speeches were made here to-day by General Cox, Major John Gra ham, Jacob Long and Ike Strayhorn. None of whom are noted for their ora toracal powers, air being matter-of-fact men. Not much "skinning" was done. John Nichols, the Republican can didate for Congress in this district, is not here. He will not canvass the district, but has issued a circular, in which he promises to bring about great reform, if elected. He gives at length his views on the all-absorbing question of capital and labor, which so affects the public mind at present. If elected we hope he may be able to accomplish the half of what he prom ises in this wonderful circular. Considering the near approach of the election politics are unusually quiet in this county. The dissatisfied Democrats and Mugwumps met to-day and put out a ticket, Avhich we sup pose will draw its main support from the Republican ranks. There is some opposition in this county among Dem ocrats to Mr. H. A. London, the Democratic candidate for the State Senate, because of an article in his pa- Eer, the Chatham Record, in which e took strong grounds against lynch law. His position on this question is on the side of law and order ,and there fore we think the only true position to be occupied by law-abiding men. While we admit that there has been some very trying cases in this county of late, upon general principles, the people ought to be taught that trial by jury is the only safeguard for the people, and therefore the best and only safe precedent to be adhered to, although it may sometimes tax the patience and forbearance of the people to abide by it. It is to be regretted that people will allow their prejudices to run away with their better judg ments, and fall out with a good man because he cannot see things as they do. Chatham county is large in extent of territory, and upon the whole is a good farming county, embracing much fine soil, and an abundance of fine timber and other natural re sources. The railroad which is now nearing completion to this place will be a wonderful stimulus to this town and surrounding country. We be lieve that in the near future Chatham will occupy a leading position in the State in population and material pros perity. 'Traveler. i 't mm ' A New Town. " ' . -: ' ThejRaleigh correspondent of the Richmond Di,puteh contains the- fol lowing items ol news i " y. "There is considerable probability tliat a new town will spring up rapid ly on the Western North Carolina railroad between Bridgcwater and Glen Alpine stations, in Burke county. Several prominent capitalists of Mas sachusetts largely interested in the Hancock and Carolina Queen mines in Silver. Creek township, Burke county, have purchased a large tract of land between the stations aforesaid for a town site. They have had it surveyed and mapped and in the aut umn will settle on it a number of New England families. The Southern Land and Navigation Company cf New York has the agency for the col ony in that city. T'hus it may be seen how our Western North Carolina counties is developing. People who go there to spend the summer are de lighted at the country and finally in vest their money. ! Oldest Grave in Gaston. From (he Inl?as Current. The oldest known citizen of Gaston is that of a man named HaiciUer,'vho was one of the first . gcttl en of this county. He owned land and lived be tween this and High Shoals.. He was burried within about 300 yards of Mr. ley Rhyne's house. He was burried 108 years ago. Mrs. Elizabeth Cost ner, who died eighteen years ago, at the age of 102, remembered the occa sion of his burial, j THE GIST OF THE NEWS. HAPPEXIXGS OF THK WEEK. AT HOME INK AUJ.OAD. The Cream of the Wire Caught by "The SentiuelV Careful Con denser. WASHIXOTON Cotton crop reports of the Depart ment ot Agriculture gives as a sum mary of the situation that the aver age condition is a point higher than last year, the erea one per cent more and the season !-::er; the crop in sight is 701,641 bales. EASTERN ASK MIUHL.K aTATfJs. The Philadelphia Manufacturers' Association have ordered the mills at Frankford, Pa., to -hut down; a strike in one of the mills caused the trouble; over a thousand workmen are thrown out ot imployment. The Catholic clergy of Montreal have revisited the constitution of the Knights of Labor, with the object of expunging provisions repugnant to the rules of the Church; two delegates with the amended constitution have been sent to the Convention at Rich mond. SOUTH AN1 WEST. The strike situation in the Chicago stockyards is unchanged. Four wen were killed by an exph sion of giant powder near Deadwood Da. ' Los. Angeles, Cal., contributes 82, 000 to the aid of the Charleston earth quake sufferers. Judge Gary over-ruled the motion for a new trial in the anarchist cases at Chicago. In the Episcopal convention at Chi cago the subject of liturgical revision was discussed. Cluverius, the slayer of 'Fannie L Madison, has been recenteuccd to be hanged December 10th next. Trustees of the Peabodv Fund re solved to increase the all South Carolina in view of the devas tation caused by the earthquake. The Knights of Labor resolved to support the locked-out cotton workers at Augusta, Ga., and the tanners and plumbers in Massachusetts. The Mississippi river steamer La Mascotte burned; a number of lives lost; eleven of the crew were badly scalded; the disaster was caused by a boiler explosion. There were three shocks of earth quake at Charleston, S. C, Saturday morning; a shock about 2 a. m. was felt at Augusta G a., and several pla ces in South Carolina; no damage was done. Crop reports from the Memphis dis trict place the increased yield at VS per cent, in Arkansas, 13 per cent, in Tennessee, and 2 per cent, in Ala bama: Mississippi shows a decrease cf 1 i per ctint. The election in Georgia took place Oct. 6th, the Democratic State ticket was elected without opposition; the regular Democratic nominee beat the Knights of L:tlor candidates for the Legislature. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Co. will extend the Shenandoah Val ley Railroad South to Pensacola, Flu., via the Cranberry Iron Mines in North Carolina, Dalton, Oa., and Birming ham, Ala.; work will begin in thirty days. .: ,Hauku' accept i ivj.V challenge io.rowou the ILvuesibr 1)1,000. Religious ri sing in Delhi. India, resulted in the destruction of ot a Hin doo temple; iui.n pt-rsui were wound ed. A cabinet crisis is oiniut iit ;u Spain in cousequcnev f the commutation of the sentence.-: of th revolutionary leaders. The barque Antwerp, ( f St. John. N. U., was lost ir. tt him'iva.ie Sept. 28; all on board wwe reset!-'! by the steamer Bulgaria. Marmhaix for t lie S(t- !":ir. Mr. !!. II. i:,.yu..idr v. . : ,. : h eu -chief marshal ior tho .M:tte I-'n i r. has tip: pointed llie followiu asMsUnl i.iurshaw k x ymw, riuiMU: v : v.mcL. rur- haiii ; Then Parker, .Saiisl.uiy 7r Jueu- f?pi!cs, Jesse B Thomtwon. M :-' Withering ton, 'To!d'Hr ; 4.--.-.. .... t . - T tint . w i.; v. .a, a; . a- . K Winston; W Is iiiciier, Itoh: Witlianis', William nriiae, J G Vdliatr, Millard Mia I, Joe F Ftrrall, Thomas Partio, T Steplftison, Raleigh : il K ,Nnrris, Apex; Dr .V T Pate, Laurel Hi!l : K W Wood ruff", Moc-Usville; W IC Williams. V K Parker, VVarrenton : v MeOuftie. Jr, J A Hodges, Fnyettevillc; S P Kerr. J7aw Kivcr; Georgi WillUtnsuii, (.iraliatu , TJ King, Lotiishurg ; J J Kelson, Eugene ik el, reensboro ; Hammd IT "VM,"Oaks.