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CUT CF THE CLD H'JT ! AND TAKE A LIVE, PROGRESSIVE PAPER ! Whose Contents are not Pitch Forked Into Its Column from a Daily Withou Any ARR'Suiji.EHT C3 EC!T!KG. ESTABLISHED X2T 1852. EDWARD A. OLDHAM A NORTH CAROLINA ILLUSTRATED FAMILY NEWSPAPER FOR NORTH CAROLINA PEOPLE, IN THE STATE AND OUT. ! SUBSCRIPTION PRICE. PER YEAR, $1.60. Editor and Publisher VOL,. XXX. NO. 48 WINSTON, N. C, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1886. PRICE 5 CENTS THE SENTINEL REFUSES TO STAND STILL! It Does Not Permit a Week to Pass without Producing AN IMPROVEMENT OR A KEW FEATURE! IP CHESTER ALAN ARTHUR. BRIEF SKETCH OF THE PRESIDENT'S LIFE. EX- Tbe Son of an Irish Baptist Clergyman Educated a Lawyer and by Birth a Politician. Ex-President Arthur was one of the many men of distinction born in the United States of Irish parentage. His father, the Rev. William Arthur, came in early youth to this country from the county Antrim. He was a clergyman of the Baptist denomina tion, a man of much learning, and by taste and research an antiquarian. Chester Alan, his eldest son, was born October 5, 1830, in Fairfield, Frank lin county, Vermont, and -yas educat ed at the schools of various places in or near which the father was pastor. He entered Union College, at Schen ectady, New York, at the early age of fifteen, and graduated four years later though he was two winters absent teaching school. He was a good stu dent and took the highest honors in his class, being, moreover a "popular" man in college, and already an ardent politician of the college type. The next four years were spent in tbe study of law and in teaching, and in 1853 young Arthur, then just 23, became a partner in the law firm of Culver, Parker & Arthur, in the city of New York, of which the Hon. E. D. Cul ver was the chief. In 1859 Mr. Arthur was married to Ellen Lewis Herndon, daughter of the heroic Captain .William .Lewis Herndon. She was a lady of high in telligence and strong character, and their union was a peculiarly happy one. The next year, 1860, he received what was regarded as a purely com plimentary appointment as a member of the military staff of Governor E. D. Morgan. But in 1861 the war of the rebellion burst upon the country and the Governor promptly called on the young lawyer, just turned thirty, to take the post of Quartermaster- General, and to assume charge of quartering, subsisting, arming, cloth ing, equipping, and forwarding the troops of New York for the Union army. The energy and skill Jwith which this task, suddenly imposed, and increasing with unfbrseen rapidi ity, was performed was one of the proofs of the remarkable fertility of the .North in men ot capacity, "(gen eral" Arthur, as he was then first called, and as he was afterward to be known even when in the White House performed his duties so well that in 1863 his successor uner Gov. Seymour warmly acknowledged his services, and his accounts, submitted to the na tional government, 'stood scrutiny and audit without the deduction or criti- cism ol a dollar in amounts running into millions, lhe story of this peri od, as told by Mr. Arthur's associates, is extremely interesting. One feature of it can alone be referred to now, and that is the testimony borne by all to his absolute integrity and unselfish honor in a post where he might easily have amassed a great iortune. He returned to the practice of the law and to that ardent and skilfnl part in politics for which he had al ways shown both fondness and fitness. He was an early and effective worker for the. nomination and election of General Grant to the Presidency. In November, 1871, President Grant made him Collector of the Port of New York, to which place he was re ported in 1875, the first to enjoy that honor since the creation ot the omce. He made during his term many friends among the business men of the city and presented a record ot conservative and prudent action in the matter of appointments and re movals. - He was however, the ac knowledged leader of the Republican party in the city and State and when in 1877 President Hayes issued his order forbidding officials to take active part in politics, Mr. Arthur failed to comply with it and was removed from office. The removal rather increased his influence as the leader of the "Stalwarts," who wero in control of the New York machinery of the Re publican party. In 1880 he, with Senator Conklmg, led the movement for the nomination of General Grant for a third term. When that was de feated, Mr. Arthur was named as s candidate for Vice-President with Mr. Garfield, as a peace-offering to the Grant or Conkling wing of the party, He was elected and succeeded to the Presidential office September 20, 1881 on the death ot President Garfield His career as President is too familiar to need recital. It was marked by a very conservative and candid tone in foreign affairs which was of great ser vice to the country in matters in which a dangerously zealous, policy had been previously pursued and by great firmness and integrity in hnan cial policy. It was also distinguished by his signiture of the Civil Service '.- Reform Act, January 14, 1883. and : by the establishment of the Civil Ser vice mmis uon. j.ne jrresiaeni s Health, which had been severely j strained by the death et his wile in 1880, never permitted him to enter very actively into politics or business after tbe close ot his term, and he lived in dignified retirement. He died on the morning of November 18, at his residence in New York Ciiy, leav ing a son aged ' twenty-one and a daughter aged fourteen. TIM JONES. The Randolph Humorist Discusses the Result of the Election, the Eastern Field Trials and Other Matters. Special Correspondence of the Sentinel. Randolph County, Nov, 27. The election is over, and the smoke of political strife has drifted away on the balmy tranquil breeze. All are hap py once more save the "defeated can didates, and they are only gloomy at the thought of disappointing their friends, and loosing the opportunity of officially serving the dear people for their country's sake. All seems calm and serene ; the baby has recovered from being over dosed by candy at the haud of the candidate and the dogs are allowed access to the front yard once more without fear of their going into convultions by being over heated barking at candidates. Bill Arp visited this State lust be fore the election, and says " I like that State and her people, the latch string hangs on the out side and the dog is tied in the back yard." That's true enough, the dog is shut up in a bee gum behind the kitchen during can didate time and the latch string hangs on the out side, but we keep it tarred till the election -is over. Kandolph Democracy came bravely to the front, Republicans were snowed under, and tVo tViitvI t-q rfvr V a a n r V l n re though we are in the center of the fl-lVf 11111 VI t J t-J CMlUVlU M..S IsAJ. Ill " y third party movement. The Eastern field trials began at High Point the 18th inst., all the bon ton sportsmen were there with their cel ebrated dogs, these dogs are worth from one hundred to one thousand dollars each, there is about eighteen hundred dollars in prizes given for the best ones. I can't imagine what sort of a looking thing a thousand dollar dog would be : if I had him to buy should want him to be as fast as mail train and big enough to kill Eolar bear; I would make a saddle orse of him and run him against Maud S. Some people say they are owned by men who have more money than brains, that may be true, for I have seen men who I thought had more money than brains, and hadn't more than fifteen cents either. But then I guess the less he has of both the hap pier ne is. xi ne has brain and no money he will think the world looks upon mm with contempt because he is mart and don't get rich. If he is rich he can't rest during the day for fear some one will beat him in a trade, he cant sleep at night for fear robbers will break in and rob him. When he goes to church he can can gain no benefit from the sermon, because his mind is thrown into a state of per plexity trying to figure some plan by which he can manage to force a camel through the eye of a darning needle. The thought of death is a melancholy one to him he fears some grave robber will break into his vault and drag his body around six months waiting for his widow to bid a reward for its re turn. Hence, he must go without a monument, or have it mounted on wheels so as to roll around after his body. CHOW CHOW. A young man in this county ask for the hand "of a young lady he got her father's foot. Randolph has more special delivery Post offices than any other county, in the State, yet there has never been a letter specially delivered in the county. In read ing over the names of the members of the next .Legislature we find that Randolph has the enly two names that are Worth Redding. A bill has been introduced in the , Vermont Legislature providing that a person imprisoned for crime committed while intoxicated may recover from the party selling him the'liquor two dol lars per day for all time confined. We have plenty of men who will lay in the lock up all winter for one dol lar per day and , furnish their own liquor. Tim Jones. It had been, reported that Ingram, the young man who killed Sherman Welch in Swain some months ago, and who escaped, had been subse quently killed in Missouri in the at tempt to arrest him.- A letter from Mr. Z. V. Welch, of Swain, dated Tallequah, Indian Territ6ry, Nov 12, gives some particulars, which show that Ingram is alive, a captive and a badly wounded man. Asneville Citi zen. 1A1IUJNo UArllALi. THANKSGITING AMONG THL DE PARTMENT CLERKS. Secretary Whitney Dispenses Turkeys and Secretary Manning Changes a Time Honored Custom. Special Corretpondence f the Sentinel. Washington-, D. C, Nov. 28. The holiday of Thauksgivmg was observed throughout this city Thurs day, although there was no public demonstration. It was characterized, as iLAial, by the quiet family gather ings and services were held in the va rious churches where congregations listened to sermons ot a patriotic kind. All of the Departments were closed, as they were also on Monday, the day of the Arthur funeral, making two EX-PRESIDENT days of this week that the Government employes have enjoyed a holiday. But Secretary Manning shut down on the Treasury clerks the' day before Thanksgiving and changed a time honored custom. Heretofore the Treas ury Department has Jeen closed at noon on the day before Thanksgiving ostensibly for the purpose of giving clerks a chance to buy their turkeys. This was merely an, excuse for an ex tra half holiday, and as there is a great deal of work on hand that must be done before Congress meets, the Secretary decided that two days in one week was as much as his depart ment could stand, and he ordered that it should not be closed until the usual hour. . - Although you continue to hear all manner of dire things predicted con cerning Secretary Manning's physical condition, he has dictated his forth coming annual report with a freedom that has kept his stenographer and two type-writers bosy and it is said the portions of the document already finished lack none of the force and vigor which characterized his initial report last year. The most important announcement yet in connection with the report, is that the Secretary takes even stronger ground on the subject of Tariff reform than he did a year ago. In the report of Postmaster-General Vilas which was ' made public, several days ago, it is shown that the United States leads tall the world it its mail facilities, and In the number of letters sent. The lettecs mailed in this coun try during the year were more than were mailed in France, Germany and Austria combined. Tbe nnmber of post-offices in this country now i3 53, 614. The report also snows a great deal in the line of reform. Owing to the reduction of the rate ot postage on second-class matter and the enlarge ment of the unit of weight for first class matter, the expenses of the Pos tal Department were expected to ex ceed its revenue for the fiscal year of 1886 at least $y,000,000. A decrease of expenditures, however, has made the actual deficit about $3,000,000 less than that and the deficit for thj cur rent year will be still less. Figures show that the net increase of revenue in this Department was 3 2 percent, andthat the volume of bus iness by which it was gained, increased over 7 percent. That is another proof which commercial and other statistics establish, that there has been a steady return of business , prosperity during the past year and a half. That is the way in which the country goes to ruin under Democratic rule, which must be very depressing to the Republican ' prophets of eviL .- Secretary Whitney was very gener ous with Thanksgiving turkeys. He made arrangements to give each offi cer and employe of the Navy depart ment, a fowl of such weight as each preferred, and three hundred of the clerks availed themselves of the cour tesy. On a similar occasion last year the Secretary dispensed about the same number of turkeys to Navy De partment employes. . Nor was Mrs. Whitney behind the Secretary ia the donation of good cheer. She sent word to the home of the Little Sisters of the Poor and to the Colored Woman's home that she would like to provide Thanksgiving dinners for those institutions. A list of articles wanted were sent and the order was prom ply honored by Mrs Whitney who made some suitable ad ditions to the bill of fare for the old ladies and old man of the home. Up at the Capitol they have already CHESTER ALAN AKTIIUE. gotten down to work. There have been preliminary meetings of certain committees or rather of quorums of certain committees, and the prepara tion of bills has begun so that tbe nec essary business may be reached with as little delay as possible after the as sembling ot Congress. As usual it is predicted that very little beyond the money bills which are necessary for the expenses of the Government will receive much attention this winter. Many earnest, conscientious legislators intend to do more if possible, but up to the present time - Congress had found itself too lazy in the long ses sions and too busy in the short, to ac complish anything. Tarheel. DEATH OF MR. IIOXIE. Who f Figued in Lust Summer's Hall Road stakes. Herbert M. Hoxie, vice-president of the Missouri Pacific Railway sys tem, and one of the most widely known railroad managers in the United States died Nov.' 23. Mr. Hoxie gwas about 50 years of age, and began his career as a brake man on the Union Pacific road, and was afterward made a conductor ot a construction train. In a little while he so-familiarized himself with the de tails of railroad building that he suc ceeded iu obtaining contracts for work on tho extension of the line, and he ultimately became superintendent of the Unijn Pacific, and held that responsible position for a, n u mber of years. His executive ability was of such high order that he quickly at tracted the attention of railroad men, and he became known as one of the most thorough of managers. He was subsequently made general superin tendent "of the International and Great Northern Railroad, where he remained uutil Mr. Gould selected him to fill the office of third vice-pres ident of the Missouri Pacific road. ALL OVER THE STATE. NEWS OF THE WEEK IN NORTH CAROLINA. Cswef ally Called From Oar Co temporaries and Compressed into Small Particles. MECKLENBURG. The colored people are very much elated over the early establishment of a hospital for their use. Charlotte Chronicle. A darkey went to Charlotte, sold nis cotton for $80, filled up with tan gle-leg, and started home. When he got to the Catawba river he was fast asleep. The Chronicle says, the mules, familiar with the surrounding, pro ceedeb even to cross the river. The water being high, the body ot thh wagon was soon submerged, whice aroused the darkey from his slumbers. Kealizmg his precarious condition he in an instant cut the hame strings, but not quick enough, for one of the animals was already dead." He got out, but lost his $80 in addition. WAKE Raleigh's street cars will be running this week. In an altercation between Mr. F. H. Broadfoot and Mr. Jos. H. Fraz er, at Milburne, Wake county, Mr. Fraiver was killed. The furniture in the Governor's mansion will be made of native wood and the contract for it will be given to a North Carolina factory. A large gang of convicts resumed work on the Governor's Mansion. The interior wood-work will be done all the winter. The chief architect said said that the rapidity of the work de pended upon the action of the legisla ture. The Governor has received the printed reports of the Tax Commission. This commission was appointed under an act of the Legislature of 1885, and is composed of Messrs. John W. Gra ham, George Howare and Thomas M. Patton. Iheir duties were to thor oughly investigate the subject of tax ation and report a bill for listing, as sessing, equalization and collection of taxes, and also for the sale of real and personal property for taxes, and such other subjects in regard to taxa tion that they may deem proper for the best interests ot the State. FRANKLIN The gin house of Messrs. A. D and S. R. Mitchener, of Franklin county has been burned. Three or four bales of cotton, a quantity of cotton seed and a considerable amount ot tobacco was destryed. A few days ago, we learn from the Franklinton "Weekly, the boiler at the saw mill of John Chappel, in Wake county, burst and Mr. Chappel, was by the force of the explosion blown on the saw and his body nearly cut in twain. lie died in about halt an hour. A colored man was also hurt, but not seriously. At Louisburg, Henrietta Neal, the colored woman tried for the murder of her child, two years old, has been convicted and Judge Shepherd sen fenced her to be honged January 17. She broke the child s skull with a stone and threw the corpse into a pool ot water in a ravine. The Gov ernor will tje petitioned to commute the death-sentence to life-imprisonment. HERE AND THERE. Mr. Allie Cox was killed by a fall ing wall in the fire at Durham. The Northern papers, are recom mending New Berne as a summer re sort. . A woman from Gaston county had a 70 pound tumor taken from her at Charlotte. She died. A barn containing 5,000 pounds . of tobacco was burned in Buncombe be longing to Mr. W. D. Black. Maj. W. Scott, of Lemon Springs, has in his orchard a peach tree that is now hanging full of unripe peaches. Pine T ree Blade. Mr. E. J. Lilly, of Fayetteville, had four tenement houses destroyed by fire on the 18th inst. They were worth $3,000, insured for $1,500. The Secretary and Treasurer of the New Berne Board of Trade has turn ed over to Mr. T. Green $50.00 as a Thanksgiving offering to the Oxford Orphan Asylum. Three new tablets have recently been put in the Swain Memorial Hall at Chapel Hill. They are to Hon. Jacob Thompson, of Mississippi, Prof. J. De Berniere Hooper and Miss Mary Smith. There are some sixty business houses in Edenton, with about forty eight occupied and doing well, repre senting every line of business from the cradle seller to the undertaker. Edenton Enquirer. Dr. McDonald, of Cabarrus, pub lishes a card in which he says that though elected as Jan Independent, he will go : into the Democratic caucus and will vote with the Democrats. iAimberton Robezonian. We regret to learn of the death of Mr. Latayette Station, of Edgecombe, which occurred at-his home last week. He was one of the best farmers of the county and a highly respected citizen. Scotland Neck Democrat. The saw and grist mill and cotton gin of Messrs. Charles G. Washburn & Son, located about six miles from Shelby was burnt. Some eight or ten bales of cotton, eight thousand feet of lumber and logs were also destroyed. Loss $3.000 ; no insurance. Shelby New Era. The official report on the progress of the works on the Western North Carolina railroad states that 105 miles are fully completed and 2 miles partially finished. The tunnel through Red-Marble gap,m Cherokee county is being pushed as rapidly as. z50 convicts can work. Just one year ago last Tuesday the work of grading our road begun. At that time many predicted that it would never be finished and even its best friends were not confident. But the grading was completed a month ago and all the track will be laid in about a from now. Record. While two negro boys were on their way to attend a circus ot Bethel, Pitt county, one carrying a razor and the other having a pistol, they began to show each other how they would use their weapons in case any one molested them, when the pistol was accidently was accidently discharged, killing the boy with the razor. Greenville Reflector. Twelve j-ears ago the State Grange, Patrons of Husbandry, was a power in the State ; now it is but a weakling. Its head iu this State i3 Willis li. Williams, of Pitt county, and he calls the Grange to meet at Seaboard, Dec. 14th, in annual session. By virtue of his office Mr. Williams is a member of the State Board of Agriculture, and this is the only official recognition of the Grange these days. The main strength of the order is in the Roan oke district. There they hold an an nual fair. We learu that Messrs. McRae & Co., are going right ahead mining for siver a short distance west of Dan bury. It is said samples of the ore have been assayed and so well are the parties satisfied that it will be a pay ing enterprise that they are having dwellings and other houses put up preparatory for permanent work. It is said that the ore is very rich and tha outcrops are visible for several miles along the side of the mountains. Danbury Reporter-Post. IN SMALL COMPASS. Gist of the Week's News From Home and Abroad. Memphis water works sold to Bul lock & Co., of New York, for $500,000. The new two dollar certificates will be ready for distribution about the end of the week. Severe shocks of earthquake were felt Saturday, in Smyrna and the Is land of Chios. The statue of Liberty in New York harbor was lighted on Monday, the 29th ulto., by tho U. S. Light house Board. Two men were killed by an explo sion at Experimental salt works iu Syracuse, N. Y. ; the building was wrecked. Mrs. Eloise L. Ciiristian, of Rich mond a passenger on the steamer Wy anoke, for New York, fell overboard while the vessel was at sea and was drowned. Track laying on the Soutii Atlantic & Ohio Railroad began Friday ; a proposition has been received to ex tend the road from Bristol, Tenn., to Statesville, N. C. The Liverpool Ciiambcr of Com merci denounce the new trans-Atlan-tic postal arrangements giving the carrying of British mails to subsidized V ioreign steamships. In his annual report to the secrcta- ry of war, Paymaster General Win. B. Rochester says that a total of $13, 441,733 was disbursed to the army during the fiscal year, without delin quency in the prompt payment of the troeps or loss to the government. The very latest from Europe i3 that the Czar is to decide whether it shall be peace of war. Last week it was England, and not long ago Austria, and a few weeks ago Bisjaarck. The Czar is said to be almost furious be cause the Great Powers are pulling against him.