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s zxasi 'SE2sk at r i ,; c V-.. - k t. iii-l liSS, .k? .ir X iauii-r.5-ur ht i - I ' a I E. - .- J- iir-- - 9 I i i-rr:. a r " m i - - - i -- - M VERNON W. LONG. 1 Editor and Publisher. J A NORTH CAROLINA DEMOCRATIC FAMILY NEWSPAPER FOR NORTH CAROLINA PEOPLE, IN THE STATE AND OUT. Vol. xxxi. Ko. 43 WmSTOK-SAIJSM, y. CL, THURSDAY, STqVeIBER 3, 1887. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE - PEff YEAR. $1.80. TOBACCO BOXES. I AM PREPARED TO FURBISH MA2TTJ faeturera with all sizes oi boxes at rock bot torn prices. Consult me for estimates before placing your contracts. R. U. DABLS. June 16, lS87-tf E. F. STRICKLAND, El. D. GRADUATE OF UNIVERSITY OF H, Y. Cffers his Professional Service TO THE CITIZENS OF BETHANIA and surrounding country. .3S5"-Offics and res idence at Bethania, Forsyth county, no 30tf DR. J". A. BLUM, STOGEON -:- DENTIST, Office Corner th Spsuce Sts., Winston. ggTEETH EXTRACTED WITHOUT PAIX Aug 18th ly. A. H. lttorney-at-kw, Collection & Insurance Kiassxa O E IT OF ,sseeee21 WITH SPECIAL ATTENTION to the prep aration of legs 1 papers and the manage ment of Estates Judge btariiuck's Oifico, Niain St., Winston, N. C. Jjgg-BEST OK REFERENCES. SJ ' FOR SALE ! AN ELEGANT ORGAN ! BRAND NEW, never having been used a day. Terms . $25 down, balance in month ly instalment of $5 until paid for. Will be sold at a bargain. Address J. K., Core Sextinfl, Winston, X. C. Dr. H. V. 33 312 2ST "ST X "2?. Graduate of the University of Maryland. Teeth Extracted without Pain - by the use of Nitrous Oide Gas. OFFICE CITY FIiATS, Opposite Big Coffe Pot, oet 13 ly SALEM, N. C. FREE TUITION AT U. N. C. SHALL NORTH CAROLIN A THROW OPKN THE DOOK8 I 4 J. L. LUDLOV C. ., Civil and Sanitary Engineer, COMMANDS NORTHERN CAPITAL FOR the erection -and maintenance of Water Works. Municipal uthoriti33 wishing to introduce a water supply or sewerage system, will please address me. Wisstos, N. C. 50-tf TWIH-GITY BARBER SHOP, SAMUEL BREWER, Prop'r. rHE only shop in the city kept by a white man. Everything Srst-class and kept only for first-claes patronage. You can always be assured of comfort and cleanliness at BREWER'S No 33-ly Opposite Baltimore Clothing House. A GENTLEMAN WISHES a clean shave at least twice a week and an occasional hair-cut. BAKKSD ALE'S the place! His towels are clean, his razors are sharp and he can please you. Call on him. Next door to the Sesusel office. 24. T. B FIX LEY, att'T-at-i,aw. E. S. BLAIR. rxssxsir & bxiAxei, REAL ESTATE AGENTS, WILKESBORO, N. C. Town Lola, Timber Lands, Mineral Interests, ' and all kinds of Real Estate Sold on Commis sion. Parties wishing to purchase in this and adjoining counties will find it to their interest to call on us before investing elsewhere. 33 ly Tamer & Delaney Engine Company, RICHMOND, YIKGINIA. Bnsinessestablished 1SS5. The most complete Machine Shops in the South. Engines, Boiler., Saw-MIll and Machinery. Light and Tramway Locomotives. Pole Koad Locomotives a Specialty. 83?" Correspondence Solicited, (send for Catalogue, 13-tf. VISIT THE CEDAR COVE NURSERIES, WHICH are now, by odds the largest, best conducted and weil stocked with the moat reliable fruits of any nursery in the State. Contain more acclimated varieties of Apples. Peaehes Pears, Cherries, Grapes, and all other fruits for orchard and garden plant ing. Wo have no competition as to extent of grounds and beautifully grown tiees and vines ot ail durable ages and sizes. We can and will please you in stock. Yourordcrs soliiitcd. Pri ces reasonable. Descriptive catalogue sent free. Address, N.W. Craft, 8-11-6 m. Shore, Yadkih Co.. N. C J. L. PATTERSON. F. F. PATTERSON PATTERSON & PATTERSON, Attorneys and Counsellors at Law WINSTON, N. C, WILL PRACTICE IN all the STATE and Federal Courts. Conveyances and all other legal instruments correctly and promptly drawn. Real Estate sold on commission, Col lection of claims made in all parts of the State. All business intrusted to them will receive prompt and faithful attention. f. ' " Office over Vaughn & Pepper's Store? 60-ly 11 MONTAGUE. (Professional Attorney; firiLL SELL LAND and PERSONAL Prop 1 1 erty on Commission Collect Rents Pre pare Land Papers Buy Notes, Bonds, Mort gages and other Securities Make Small Loans on Good Security and Assume the General Management of Estates. tThe Best References. SJ Walsh mak sr and Jew el sr9 TinsTOEi, n. c. ALL KIHES . OF HSPAIRIHQ Done with Neatness & Dispatch. My motto is THOROUGH WORK at MODER ATE PRICES. Don't forget the place. Opposite tlie Postofflcei November 3d, '87, tf Of her University ? Rev. Dr. Manguin Ably Discusses the Question in tile Durham Tobcco Plant. The bcnU ncl 3Iah.es Extracts. The various objections urged against the liberal support of the University will be ingenuously considered under the next view of what kind of a Uni versity we ought to have. THE UNIVERSITY SHOULD BE "FREE OF EXPENSE FOR TUITION" TO ALL THE YOUNG MEN OF N. C. I take this position fully realizing how vehement and bitter the opposi tion I thereby arouse. The Constitu tion, Art. 9, Sec. 7, says : "The Gen eral Assembly shall provide that the benefits cf the University, as far as practicable, be extended to the youth of the State free of expense for tui tion." Who enacted this constitution ? The representatives of the people. Who ratified this Constitution? The peo ple themselves. Nov, when any North Carolinian, no matter what hi3 church or party relations or opinions, votes for a member of the Legislature, ho thereoy virtually says : 1 want you to go to Raleigh and swear that you will, as far as practicable, open the doors of the University to the youth of the State free of tuition." When a candidate asks the suffrages of his people for a place in the Legislature, a3 a loyal citizen, he virtually says: "I want you to send me where I shall take the oath binding me to give free tuition iu the University to the youth of the State, r.s far es practicable." When the legislator is qualified, he directly swears that he will, "as far a3 practicable," give the youth i,f the State free tuition at the University. The only qualification is in the words "as far as practicable." What do they mean ? "Practicable" here evidently signifies, "Possible to be ac complished with knevn means or re sources." Can any one find a defini tion that is more plainly true to the use of the word in this place ? Can it mean anything else here? Hence it seems that no unprejudiced mind can fail to see that the words "as far a3 practicable" refer and apply to finan cial ability of the State and to that alone. Hence, the whole clause re quires that if the State is able it shall give free tuition to "the Youth of the State" that is (by every fair inter pretation of the language) to all the youth of the State ; and I claim that it teaches that if the State is not able to make all the tuition free, it shall do so as far as it is able. The county stu dent Aet shows that the members of the legislature considered the words "as far as practicable" as referring to the number to be entirely exempted from tuition, and not to the idea of making the tuition for all as low as, practicable making it frge for all, if practicable. Hoping it will not be presumptuous in me, I venture to ad vocate most confidently the view that the clause does not contain the i3eaof class legislation. There is nothing in the letter or spirit of the Constitution to jusify any such conclusion. It ev idently teaches that "as far as practi cable" free tuition shall be given, not to the poor only, not to the rich only, but to all "the youth of the State." lu the section of the same Article, pro vided for free tuition in the common schools, no distinction is made in favor of either poor or rich, but the system is required to be "general and uni form." By parity of reasoning by natural inference the same impar tiality and universality of benefit are intended to be expressed in the clause relating to a free University. So, the simple question with the oath-bound legislator is, what is the State finan cially able to do . in carrying out the constitutional requirement respecting free tuition at the University ? Is it able now to give free tuition to all ? If really not able to go that far, what is the lowest tuition that it can finan cially afford to demand ? jS. man under a solemn oath most not try to change the meaning of plain words. "Practicable" must mean "practicable.'' It must not be vio lently wrested from its own sphere and made to mean, "what the church colleges approve," or "what certain secular or religious editors will be pleased with," or "what our party's influence requires. As a distinguish ed " lawyer a graduate of a church college said tome, "There s great dinerence between the words "practi cable" and ''expedient." I know that, during the last session of the legislature, the idea that the words of the clause touching free tui tion implied equal distribution of the benent or exemption, and not special lavor to a particular class, was sug gested to certain active members ; and that that view was actuallv adonted by the Legislature; and that in har mony with that interpretation it was resolved to lower, to some degree the charge for tuition for all the youth of the State limiting, the grant oi free tuition to ihose classes who are receiv . ed without charge by the church col leges. . .... . - THE TIME HAS COME, The question forces itself upon us, is the State how able to give free tui tion to all the youth of the State ? Let us look at the facts. For year it has given very nearly as much' as is necessary to justify the Trustees in op eniDg the doors of the Institution to all our youth. On this I affirm that the reat State could afford to add the small amount requisite. But suppose it t o ild not, then it does seem that it was t he duty of the Legislature to put dowii the tuition in proportion to the relation of the appropriation to the whola amount needed to support the University. For several years the State has paid to th3 University $20,000 and which it was bound to pay anyway $7,500 on tr. e Land Script. The University recei v ed only five or six thousand from tuiiii n and room rent. If the State had only added that five or six thou sand to its appropriation, the Univer sity could have been opened Jree to all ti e youth of the State and still all the work could have been done in its halls that was done. So, by the act of the Legislature the institution has beea to the very verge of free tuition. Was it "practicable" to add that oth er small amouut to secure so great a provision for all the youth of the Sta.e ? We must take the oath-bound action of the Legislature as proof that it was; not. If t is taid that it was not "practi cable'' to put the tuition and room rent lower than $70, lest it should not sufficiently supplement the appropria tion, I answer that, instead of requir ing ( ictually) less than half the stu dents to pay 870, they might possibly have raised more money (and would probably have had a larger number cf st idenis) by putting the charges very low 3ay at about 25 or 830 per terra ; for it must be accepted as true that the less the tuition lee, the more who can and will pay it. Sup pose we estimate the necessary expen ses p;r year for board, tuition, room, books, etc., at 200. Of this the for mer charge for tuition and room, etc., vas 85, only $15 less than half the whole amount. That is certainly an appreciable amount of expense to the average number of the class who have sons whom they wish to educate. Out of two nuntlred students it appears that about seventy paid io a year. See how it works: These seventy nearly all of them North Carolinians had to pay for their tuition and taerem pay for over one hundred to go on without having paid tuition. I contend it would have been better and fairer to have raised that $0,000 by addin to the tax a cent or two on the $1,00.) worth of property throughout the State, than to have exacted the whole $6,000 from that seventv : es pecially in. view of the fact that that seventy had already paid their pro portion ot the tax to raise the amount of the State's appropriation. It is a queer idea of "practicable ' that it means that it is easier for seventy men to pav g85 a piece than it is for all the people of the State to pay a cent or two on each thousand dollars of prop erty as appraised. THE WAY TO HELP THE COMMON SCHOOLS. It h argued that it is wrong for the State to appropriate even as much as it does to the University where so few can be educated, and tx provide so poorly for the education ot the chil dren in the public schools. The min ute calculation has been made that the State appropriates over $100 for each University student and less than one dollar for each child in the public schooi. This is a very eflective argu ment for the demagogue and no doubl deceives a great many well-meaning persons. There are several easy ans wers to it. Ihe btate needs both high er education and primary education. It needs higher education to train its men for difficult and responsible posi tions. Hence it must have a Univer sity. It also needs higher education because it needs'and must have public schools, and the history of education proves that higher education comes first and must come fin tin order to insure- the establishment and support of efficient lower schools. This has beei argued sufficiently in preceding pages. Such was the policy of our State fathers. They provided for the University first as the best way to se cure both. The principle holds good yet and always will. But again, as the State must have a University, it must make it equal to the work required of it. Therefore it must make it as good for two hun dred students as for one thousand just 83 a train for the people to travel on must be as reliable in carrying each one of two hundred safely as in carrying each of one thousand safely ; or as a doctor to treat each one of two hundred fever patients successfully mnst have as much medical knowledge andas varied an assortment of medicines as he would need to treat each one of of one thousand fever patients. But these few young men that get higher education are an indirect benent to the masses in many, ways. They help the State in its important work for all its citizens, lbey guard and foster the interest of the State. They fill va rious offices for the intereft of .the " State. They do a thousand things for the people that the people cannot do ior themselves. In this day of great ard advancing knowledge, it is vain to talk about a great State like North Carolina getting on safely without highly educated men ; and if it has them, it must either train its own sons into competent intellectual manhood or take the risk (as even now it has to do too often) qf importing or receiving those not "to the' manner born," the more favored sons of other more liber al and progressive communities. But I turn the argument and con tend that if the State had but a few thousand more (I don't admit such Price 5 Cents. extreme State poverty) that it can de vote to education, as a matter of bus iness judgement it should give it to the University and open its doors. Why ? Because, if it be given to the State public schools and distributed pr rata among them, it would not be ecough to make a perceptil le . differ ence in the length of the terms of those schools. It would add so little to each fchool that we might say they would be continued only a few hours longer ; PANDEMONIUM AL00SE. A SERVICE THAT IS "A LIVING BIONSTROUS HORROR." CJcd i Not in Ravings, Not In Ceremo nies, Not im Intellectual Flight, But Deep In the Soul. Juhn W. Says, Jr., In State Chronicle. "Grace" must be a mighty good I thing. By means of it one sucks TMIT' lf Slve? to the Uni,:er8ltSr3piritual swerts from the most . un the effect would be so great that aill promising substances .as a bee gets su- gar from a dry corn stalk, cr a billy- the departments of that great inetitu tion could be thrown open to every North Carolinian that might seek its advantages, without the least charge for tuition. EI KM O HUE SACRUM. Part of the poem written by James Barron Hope, of Nonblk, Va., and intended to be read at the laying of the corner-stone of the Lee Monument at Richmond last Thursday. The au thor had just finished his work when, on the 15th of September, he died uddenly of Jieart disease. Governor J? ltzhugh Lee, of Virginia, represent ing the Monument Committee, select ed William Gordon McCabe, of Pe tersburg, the life-long friend of the dead poet, to deliver the Poem on the occasion of the monument ceremonies. Ask me, if so you please, to paint Storm 7inds upon the sea ; Tell me to weigh great Cheops Set volcanic forces free ; But bid me not, my Countrymen, To picture Robert Lee I As Saul, bound for Damascus fair, Was struck bliad by sudden light So my cyea are pained and dazzled By a radiance pure and white Shot back by the burnished armor Of that glory -belted Knight. His was all the Norman's polish And sobriety of grace ; All the Goth's majestic figure ; All the Roman's noble face ; And he stood the tall exemplar Of a grand historic race. Baronial were his acre3 where Potomac's waters run ; High his lineage, and his blazon Was by cunning heralds done; But better still he might have said Of his "works" he was the "3on." Truth walked beside him always From his childhood's early years, Honor followed as hia shadowg Valor lightened all his cares ; And he rode that grand Virginian Last of all the Cavaliers 1 As a soldier we all knew him Great in action and repose, Saw how his genius kindled And his mighty spirit ro3e When the four quarters of the globe Encompassed him with foes. But he and his grew braver As the danger grew more rifo, Avaricious they of glory But most prodigal of life, And the "Army of Virginia" Was the Atlas of the strife. " As his troubles gathered round him. Thick as waves that beat the' shore Atra Cuba rode behind him Famine's shadow filled his door: - Still he wrought deeds no mortal man Had ever wrought before. But there came a greater glory To that man supremely great (When his just sword he laid aside In peace to serve his State,) For in his classic solitude ' He rose up and mastered Fate He triumphed and ho did not die I No funeral bells are tolled But on that day in Lexington Fame came herself to hold His stirrup while he-mounted To ride down the streets of gold. Hill Nye Talks About Ashevllle. Extract from ihe speech he wrote far Cleveland. The sun never lit up a cuter little town than Asheville. Nature just seemed to wear herself out on Bun combe county and then took what sh e had left over to make the rest ot the country. Your air is full of vigor. Your farms get up and hump them selves oh one side or in the middle, so that you have to wear a pair of tele graph pole climbers when you go to dig your potatoes. Here you will see the japonica, the . jonquill and the jaundice growing side by side in the spring, and at the cheese foundry you can hear the skipper calling to his mate. Your mountain . breezes and your fried chicken bear strength and heal ( ipg in their wings. (Hold valve open two minutes and a half to give laugh ter full scope.) Your altitude and your butter are both high, and the man who cannot get all the fresh air he wants on your mountains will do well to rent one of your cottages and allow the wind to meander through his whiskers. ' Sun Jones' Polities. sam Jones, at the Plattburg, Mo., camp meeting, said : "Thank God, I don't belong to either party. I be long to Jesus Christ from my heart to ray heels, all over, and inside too. Do you hear that ? I was a Democrat as long as a. Christian gentleman could be one, then I" pulled out. (Laughter and applause from the Re publican eide of the tent,) and you Republicans needn't be crowing, thank God I never did get that low down." (Great applause from the Democratic side.) ' - goat satisfaction from a tin can. There are those who csn read the genealogy of Abraham, draw a long sigh, and feel spiritually refreshed. With what contentment a mule will chew an old saddle-blanket, with head lowered, ears pendent and the expression of peaceful serenity upon his counten ance. Not that a mule has grace, but I w?s thinking of those who doze through a Sabbath morning whiie the priest drawls out the service, and g heme with a comfortable feeling of fulness about their spiritual paunch. Yes, grace must be a mighty good thing. But I was about to remark that the editor of this paper mnst surely be a man of grace. How touchingly he told of those "people whom God made," their primitive worship under the spreading boughs, their prayers ascending through the whispering leaves mingled with Nature's thou sand voiced thanksgiving. Its sweet ness touched the chords of the soul. "Let us flee from the city," said the Soul. "Let us leave thse patent stitched, machine-made people, with their stately forms and hollow cere- i monies. Let us go out to those whom God made and lift our voice with the voice of the bird, the brook, and the grasshopper." We went, riding a mule. It was night, and the full orbed moon tinting the East invited to con- templation. What thoughts thronged the shadows, mystical, strange, while the mighty cliffs loomed up, and depths of darkness lay around. Oh would that a mule had grace ! Then Jack had not laid down in the middle of the creek like a steer. "Mystical shadows P Stuff ! What is all this worth when yonr mule is lying in the middle of the creek and your boots full of water. The Soul joined the. Body in rebuking the beast. But we twisted his tail direct ly and proceeded. Poetry does not come to a man whose boots are full of water, not even among mytiticul shadows, but vigor does to the spur foot. Soon the sound of voices was heard from the hill and lights twinkled through the trees. The temple was a spreading oak, and un der this upon rough boards laid across fallen trunks a few of the faithful were gathered. Our arrival was announced by an usher mule and acknowledged by Jack with due fervor. Then various other animal notes discovered the steers, colts and old mares tethered not far from the altar. "The voices of Nature," whispered the Body. The Soul was silent. This commotion interrupted the singing, which had been going on in a peculiar whining voice, and the as sembly turned to examine the Btrang er who had chosen a seat in the rear. Every individual turned, with as fix ed a etare as ever befel a wax baby, while from all sidss comes the ques tion audibly, "Who is he?" "Where's he from ?" "What's he doing here ?" interrupted now and then as some man kicks a hound Blinking beneath the benches. The congregation is gathering. Steer carts creak up ; old women with Eipes crawl out, .young women with abies, half grown girls with scrawny naked shanks, small boys glorying in suspenders. Coatless men straggle up the hillside shoeless, with hounds and cur dogs. The women settle into place and comfort the squalling baby with most maternal consolation, others seek the tin snuff-box, and sticks are in demand. The men bite off "chaws" and be gin to squirt ambere. But every eye is pinned upon the stranger till he seems suffocating ; turn which way he will a dozen pairs tianfix him. - The stranger's embarrassment is re- lievnd when the collarlesa preacher rises. "Jim Sikes !" No answer. "JimSiKEs!" "Here I" comes a voice. He was near a baby. "Start Happy Fathers." "All right." Whether it were the ghosts of de parted lathers he was about to start, or whether the preacher queried if happy fathers x;ould be found amid that howling mob of babies, was for a moment doubtful, till Jim, with a burst of psalmody that might have startled the Commanches raised a tune beginning with those word3. The ini tial note awoke the babies, one and all ; they screamed and howled . and kicked. Yes, happy fathers over yonder. The unhappy fathers joined m the siDging with many sharps and flats. Harsh, discordant, the notes rise and fall, strengthened now and then bv the mighty "diapason of the usher mule. ""Now I w .nta you sinners as sits Over thar ter lisen ter theso sarvices,! began the preacher, when the sintnng had ceased. "This aint no place for courtm , and I tell - you, . for every laugh you laugh to-night, you'll have ter give a screech in hell. "I war agwien ter preach, brothern, on a tex' I has picked out and studied but while we was asinging the Speerit moved me ter another. "But brotherin an' sisterin I want ter ax yer ter 6et still. A little mov ing pnts me out because I got the liv er disease, an' it scares me." With these preliminaries the speak er launched forth.- He was young, the district school teacher, with a rep utation for learning and wisdom. "I will take you through the i-in-cient worthies first," brotherin, an' then come down to our ery," he went on. Then with old Moses for a start er he flew off to the horn-blower, Gab riel, yet hardly had touched this name, when tfre meaning of Cherubim occupied him, and this in turn was left unexplained for a flight to Peter and "heavenly manny," forgotten at once with th mention of "Mary Mag dalen, the mother of Christ." Verbose, incoherent, meaningless. Not a thought, not a link, scarcely a dozn. words connected, he stumbles along after words and names and empty sound. At first slow and solemn, hia voice half heard. But presently hi3 blood warms, his tone changes, his words come faster, his fist fails ut intervals upon the pulpit board. "The devil is sueakiug about like a ro'in lion o-huntia' up heavenly m.m ny ! Get behind me satin ! as Christ say, I haint got no U3e for you, be cause Lean throw myself down ofFen thu pinnjele an' git aM tho manny I want outeu rocks. I'll gin you all the kingdoms of the earth, say he. The lyin' lazy dog, he never owned a foot o' lan' in his life ! Git outen here sa tan ! Git outen here !" The babies have hushed in response or fear, ejaculations begin to break from the elect, the crowd is alert aud breathless with expectation. Wilder grows the voice. The wiu dy verbiage is swelling into tempest, lie stamps and pounds and shrieks. His eyes are wild, he beats his hands aud tears his fingers through the rag ged mane. Words are inarticulate in the storm of frenzy. The listeners are starting from their seats, eyes astraiu, iips parted, nerves alhrill with excitement, but as yet silence intense is upon the au dience. For a moment longer the furious storm continues. There is neither word nor thought, hs raves and stamps and screams like a maniac, till ex hausted finally with frenzy he falls upon the bench behind him. Another brother rise3 instantly. The excitement is almost at boiling point; let it not grow cold. The emp ty howk of the mail dervish have strung nerves to a tension, this ono will strike the chords and wake the wished for music. He knows his in strument and strikes with a master hand. "Look into that bresh, sinner, an' see the smoke a-bilia' up outen tho Eit ! Come a little closter ! By the ght o' the Word look down the hole! I can see the devils down thar, an' they are a-stirin' an a-rankiu', an' sin ners are a fryin' an' a sizzlin' on the coals ! I can smell the har' a singein'I An' yonder are a thousand devils a stackin' up kindlin'! What are adoin' down thai'! What are ye adoin' down thar ! Listen at the answer ! Sinners can't you hear ,em! A startin' the fire for the sinners at Bearwallow church ! Mothers save yo' chillen ! Chillen why won't ye ." Screams and howls and moans drown the voice of the speaker, shrieks of anguish and shouts ot salvation. The terrified sinners fall upon their knees while the saints give glory for doom'escaped. The point of ebullitiou id reached. Nerves strung by the howling dervish now find relief. They leap into the air and strike out with arms and feet, they embrace and laugh and rave. Some are singing, children cry with fright, babies scream in paroxism. The preacher has nev er ceased, but wilder yet above the uproar comes the awful message he is telling Devils torment and ever lasting fire. Pandemonium is aloose, the place seems a hell. Let us go, said the Soul. Give me rather the ghastly corpse of religion, shrouded in white vestments and em balmed in classic ritual, than this living, monstrous horror. Out m the moonlight we passed ana down through the "pines till the night grew silent. The Soul pondered. JNot in the ceremony of stately cathedrals, not in the raving ot brutish nors, not in the wild dance of the dervish nor the intellectual flight of the Eastern philosopher, but deep in the soul is God, aud the yearning heart but as sumes tho religious garment which lies nearest to hand. THE PUBLICJS OPINION. EDITORIAL) ETCHINGS FROM KRYWHKRK. KV- Sam Jones on Whiskey. A Miscellaneous 3Ilxturo .of Points, Personal, Political, Social, and In dustrial That the Papers are Talking About. Ere many more moons have waxed and waned the "beautiful snow" will be fljing, but the thought of its get ting down our coat collar don't trou ble us half sv much as the thought of the poet fiends it is sure to develop. Gold, Leaf. The name of this adroit and able and skilliul politician is mentioned in connection with the chairmanship of the State Democratic Executive Com mittee, and we are glad to see it, for we believe there is not a man in the whole State more admirably fitted for such leadership than the cool headed, weil poised, thoroughly posted aud consummate tactician the able and eloquent and justly popular Harry Skinner, of Pitt Wilson Mirror. Dr. Eugene Gri3om, of Raleigh, has contributed a paper to the Ameri can Journal of Insanity entitled "Is there any connection between Deaf tuutism aud Iusauity." It is a review of the notorious and shocking Walter Bingham case, and seems to be a ploa in his behalf. If he is ever caught it will be hard to satisfy tfie public that he does not richly deserve to be hang e.l. The article of Dr. Grissoni is marked by the usual ability that at tends' his published productions. Wilmington 6Var. They say Master Workman Pow derly wanU to go to Congress from the Scranton (Penn.) district. Boston Pod. Why not send him ? A3 we understand it, Mr. Poderly has nev-ei- voted any other than the Demo cratio ticket, preaches against tho heresy of a Tariff for Protection, aud is siucorely desirous of bettering the condition of the workiugman. In ad dition, he opposes strikes and waste of property, and is a man of ability aud c-'iaraoter. Why not send hini ? If Le lived in North Carolina the Chron icle would advocate hia nomination and give him its heartiest support. State Chronicle. To show with how high a hand Mr. Solomon IIa9, the traffic manager of the Richmond & Danville Railroad, of the Southern railway and Steam ship Association, of tha Associated Railways of Virginia and the Caroli na3, &c , &c, carries on his business we cite two instences : He has recent ly jumped the freight rate from States ville to Union, S. O, from .58 to .81 ; from Statesville to Gadsden, Ala.: from .67 to 1.11. Toother points he has likewise advanced the rate, but these ai'e the most flagrant cases. The only known reason for these advances is that it pleased the sweet will of Mr. Solomon Haas to make them, and if he were asked for an explanation hia reply, if he deigned to make one, would probably be : "I control more money, sir, than you or your commit tee or your whole town is worth." It is high time a curb were being put on this autocrat. He is drunken with power and there is no telling into what excesses he may be led. Statesville Landmark. It is now stated that the vulgar and rowdy assault upon the wife of the President, made by a Minneapolis newspaper, was the "indiscretion of a very young man" and some humor is sought to be extracted from the cir cumstance that his father is a distin guished Mugwump of Boston. No levity, however comic, would seem to fit the case. But two things are to be said in fairness for the youlhful perpe trator of the offense ; the one is that incipient genius afloat in a newspaper is likely to be bumptious and unre flecting, and to mistake dirt for inde pendence, and the other is that the Eastern young man is educated to loose notions about women, which w:uld be pronounced scandalous else where. In the South, for example, such notions could have no existence. Down here we draw the line at wo- max: and, when that L crossed by so much as the width of a corset-string, we shoot. Lauisville Courier-Journal. Jefferson Davis on N. C. Troops. Dr. Morrison and Dr. Hawthorne don't know anything. I have been there. This evening I kissed my wife goodbye I never do so without look ing at her pale face. Through rum end the rum traffic at Carters ville I waUowed in its sin and shame three years after I was married I took the color from her face and the joy from her heart, and while God blesses my home with peace aud joy to- night, I say I haven't seen my wife's face red with color since I drew that color from her face by the consciousness that she was a drunkard's wife. God pity a man thafdoesn't fight whiskey. Extract from a Letter .clining an Invitation "I have often had occasion to re mark upou the gallantry and steadi ness of the North Carolina troops in war. aud sometimes to express the opinion that they had received less of popular commeudation tnan was taeir inst due. It would give me great pleasure to meet again tne 01a soioiers of vour State. I fear, however, that I shall not be able to attend at Golds boro as invited. Permit me to add that since the war between the States has cloed. though I ha7e been pursued by the slings and arrows of detraction, the voice of North Carolina, uttered by her free press and public men, has never swelled the chorus, or failed upon proper occasion to do justice and to maintain the creed lor which so many of her best and bravest bled and died." The convict who hid away in the penitentiary was shot and killed this week just after getting over the walla. ALL OVER THE STATE. Interestias Toploa Gathered From Tk Sentinel's Kxehanc-es, aad Boiled I)w for Its Biy Readers. Fair at Fayetteville next week, Nov. 9th 10th and 11th. A prisoner fired the Ashe county jail last week and burned it up. Oxford offers a $200 bonus to any one who will put up a nice brick ho tel. . Tim TV, : , . ni .11 took the diploma at tha Piedmont ex position. Nash county has recently gained a 8700,000 stock company, mining for gold. Governor Scales has decided not to sell the stock of the A. & N. C. R. R., nor to allow a mortgage to be put on it for its extension to Fayetteville. Messrs. J. B. and V. A Erwin, from Asheville, who were injured in the railroad accident last week on the Air Line Railroad, are improving. Two justices of the peace tifed to practice law in Chatham counfy, and the judge Sued them $200 each. They have appealed to the Supreme Court. Thk Sentinel is glad to know that Mr. Thos. Dixon, the talented young Baptist divine, now of Goldsboro, has been called both to New York and Boston, at a snlary of $5,000. Friends of Mr. R. K. Bryan, former ly editor of the Newton Enterprise, will sympnthyzn with him in the loss of his own, his wife's aud his son's eyesight . . Mr. Arthur Winalow, of Raleigh," has becu appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation ot Prof. Comstock from the geological survey of the State of Arkansas. Mr. A. X. Butts, of Durham, 33 the best guesser in the State. At the State Fair he guessed the number of so;ds in a pumpkin, 012, and received a ifoO organ for his smartness. A $70,000 stock company has been organized in Nah county for develop ing the Mann-Arngton gold mine. The ore yields $20 to $30 per ton and they propose to begin operations with a twenty stamp mill. Last Wednesday Mr. F. M. Jor dan, of Transylvania county, went to 1 u n u: uu While on his way he was attacked by negroes, knocked senseless and robbed of $18.65. President Cleveland while in Ashe ville drew a check to Capt. McBee, superintendent ot tne western JMorth Carolina Railroad, lor !fo00 to pay lor the privilege of runniug his train over the Piedmont Air Line. There's noth ing of the dead beat stripe about Grover. One of the best evidences that North Carolina is attracting attention the world over is the fact that a gen tleman from Congo Free States, South Africa, was in Raleigh last week desi ring to ascertain if he could secure and ship to South Africa, house mate rial prepared, the lumber creosoted, to withstand the ravages of the white ants. The N. C. Car Company, to which he made application, will give him all possible inducements. Slate Chronicle. Shelby Aurora". A Shelby farmer. on three measured acres of light land, with $3.73 worth ot fertilizer compost, made this yeai 12b f bushels of meas ured corn ; this at 60 cents per bushel, with $10 worth ot fodder and tops, made $86.90 total. The peas raised paid for the cost of the fertilizer. Mr. John A. Ware also made on the same tract 170 gallons of evaporated molas ses on nearly an acre ; also on three- eghths ol an acre he made 07 gal ous of molasses The Richmond State says that North Carolina is well represented at the Fair, and that the Edgecombe Guards, under tho commaud of Capt. Jeffries presented a fane appearance. An old tattered and battle-starred flag of the Thirteenth North Carolina in fantry was suspended across Franklin street, between Seventh and Eighth streets. As the old Confederates passed under it they uncovered their heads. As an emblematic representation of the generosity ot the man we will say that Mr. J . o. Uarr has paid to tne Graded School $600, ono hall of the school tax, notwithstanding tho litiga tion pending in the Supreme Court. t iirthermore. he sent live tons or coai to the school. His conscience and the best wishes of the little children will be the most appropriate souvenir. Durham Recorder. Following close upon Mrs. Cleve land's snubbing of Governor Foraker comes the astounding announcement that tho President wantonly and with malice aforethought kicked a yellowf dog off the palace-car steps on I? riday. Mr. Cleveland seems to he doing his best to ruin his chances for re-election. Life. Annie Lax, alias Knox, the woman who threw the pancake at Mrs. Cleve land during the visit to the fair, f rounds in St. Louis, is thus described y a coi respondent of the New York Tribune : che possesses certain angU' larities which are supposed indications of age, and her cheek bones stand up like guide posts on a country niga way. Her nose is rather broad and flat, her complexion, is a veritable pancake complexion sallowcatxjS'