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The western sentinel. [volume] (Winston-Salem, N.C.) 1887-1926, December 05, 1895, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92073232/1895-12-05/ed-1/seq-4/

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La Grippe, for Golds, Coughs,
' "Two years ago, I had the grippe,
and it left me with a cough which gave
ma no rest night or day. My family
physician prescribed for me, changing
the medicine as often as he found tha
things I had taken were not helping
-.X. &
felting the Milk or Cows Renare of Seed
P.tldlers The Poultry Division. A
New Cabbage Pest Questions
ami Replies.
November, 1805.
me, hut, in spite of his attendance, I got
no better. Finally, my husband, read
ing one day of a gentleman who had
had the grippe and was cured by taking
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral, procured, for
me, a bottle of this medicine, and before
I had taken half of it, I was cured. I
have used the Pectoral for my children
and in my family, whenever we have
needed it, and have found it a specific
for colds, coughs, and lung troubles."
Emily "Wood, North St., Elkton, Md.
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
Highest Honors at World's Fair.
Cleanse the System with Ayer's Sarsaparilla.
Southern Railway
The Experiment Station Hulletins.
The standing offer is made to send the
bulletins of the station to all in the state
who really desire to receive them. They
are specially prepared to le serviceable as
far as possible to the practical farmer.
Thousands of farmers have already taken
advantage of this offer. Unless you really
want to be benefited please do not apply
for them as we have uraie to throw away.
If you desire to read them, write on pos
tal card to Dr. II. B. Latixe, Director,
Kaleuza. N. O.
Buying and Selling Cows oy
Their Milk.
Tho "North Carolina Experiment Sta
tion proposes a plan for buying and sell
ing cows. It is based on the yield of
their milk, together with the quality of
the same as determined by tests of tho
milk. The rule is to pay for the cow at
the rate of Si2 per gallon of milk given
per day that is rich enough to show 34
percent of fat. To this price add or
subtract one dollar for every one-fourth
of one per cent of fat which is above or
below, the Zy2 per cent. By this rule a
cow is bought entirely on her merits. It
is believed to be a conservative plan,
and one if adopted (or one upon a simi
lar plan ) will certainly raise the stand
ard of cows and increase their milk and
butter production, for if they cannot be
sold easily for milk cows, tney win soon,
be turned over to the butcher, and a bet
ter animal be kept or a willing purchaser
be found. The result cannot fail to be
beneficial to all parties.
An Illustration (Trofn a pnorograpn) 13
given in the bulletin showing the ap
pearance of two cows, one of which
produced 226 pounds of butter per year,
while the other produced 296 pounds.
This was determined in the above way
by the testing of the milk, and shows
the variation which may and often oc
curs in two cows of the herd. The diff
erence is 31 per cent greater than the
poorer cow. The milk of cows varies in
quality, and unless the quality is known
together with the yield it of tens hap
pens that cows are kept that are not
profitable, and should be turned into
A New Cabbage Pest
The cabbage maggot, the larval form
of a fly, anthomyia brasgicse, is the most
destructive pest of the cabbage in Eu-
rope, where it sometimes destroys whole
fields of young plants. It has been oc
casionally troublesome in the United
States since 1846. It has the past
spring appeared in alarming numbers in
a portion of the trucking section of this
The fly is slender and gray colored,
rather smaller than the common house
fly. The female lays her eggs in early
spring on the roots or stem of young
plants, both in the seedbed and field.
IN EFFECT OTT. 6th, 1895.
No 35 No. 11 No. 37
LvWashingt'nill 15 a m;
Lv Lynchburg 4 CO p m1
Lv Danville 6 05 p m 6 05 a m 5 50 a m
Lv Greensboro 7 40pm' 8 30am 7 CI a m
Iv Salisbury 9 12 p m 10 30 a m 8 17 a m
Ar Charlotte 10 40 p m 11 59 a m 9 25am
Lv Charlotte 10 55 p ni 12 L" p m 9 35 a m
Lv Gieenville !
ArAtlan1a(e t)
Lv Atlanta
Lv Wtst Point; 8 15 am
ArMontom ry 10 45 a m
LvMon-i'nvry !l I 05 pm
Ar Mobiie 4 10 p m
A .NewUrleaos' 8 dl p m
1 50 a ml 4 40 p m 12 28 p m
6 20 a m 10 30 p m! 4 55 p m
5 3d a m
36 No 12 No. 38.
ArWashingt'n! 9 40 p mj
Lv Lynchburg 3 50 p m
Lv Danville I 1 40 p ml
Ar Danville 1 30 p m 11 ?5 a m
Lv Salisbury 110 20 a m
Lv Chaotte 8 50 a m
H,8 33am
6 18am
Ar Charlotte
LvSpartanb' re
Lv Greenville 5 19 a m
Lv Atlanta 12 15 a m
Ar Ath nta 111 05 p m,
LvM'rjtg'm'ry! 5 45pm
ArM'nti'm'ry 5 25pm
LvMobJe 12 20 pm
LvNewOrleans 7 10 a m
95 2am
8 10 p m
6 40 p m
6 20 p m
3 2J p m
8 50 a m
9 38 pm
8 30 pm
8 20 pm
6 18 p m
5 30pm
Passenger train No 8-leaves "Winston 7:20 am
daily, arrives at Greensboro 8:20 am.Passentser
No. 6 leaves Winston 6: J0 p m daily ex. Sun-
rtnir. arrives Greensooro 7.IDDQ1 Mixed tram
No. 56 leaves Wiuston 6:30 p m daily ei.-Sun-
iav. arrives at Greeusboro 8:30 P m
"asseneer train No 5 leaves Greensboro at
12.15 d m uailv. rrrives at W inston 1.30 p m
Mixed train No 9 leaves Greensboro 10pm
daily except Sunday, a-.-ives at Winston 11.20
rt ee . juixea jno. do leaves ijreensooro o.ov a m
daily except Sunday, arrives V Inston lo.so a m
Passenger No. 7 leaves Winston 10.30 a
dJ,v except Sunday, arrives at Wilkcsboro
1.30 pm. Mixed No. 57 leaves Winston 1.40 p
m on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, ar
rives at Wilkesboro 7.50 n m.
Passenger No. 6 leaves Wilkesboro 2.15 p m
daily except Sunday, arrives at W inston 6.55
pm Mixed No. 8 leaves Wilkesboro 8 a m
on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays, arrives
at W inston 3.45 pm.
One train each way dally except Sunday.
Tams inston at 6 10 d m. arrives at Mocks-
vilie 7.50 p m. Leaves Mocksville Sam, arrives
at Winston 6.3s a m.
Daily train No. 14 leaves Greensooro 8 a, m
Durham 10; Raleigh 11.10; arrive Goldsboro
I. 20 p m. No. 13 leaves Goldsboro 7.10 a m
Raleigh 9; Durham 10; arrive Greensboro
II. 55 a m.
No, 36 leaves Greensboro r2.r0 p m, daily, ar
rives at Durham 2.10 p m, arrives Raleigh 3.14 p
in, Goldsboro 4.55 p m; No. II, daily except
Sunday, leave Goldsboro 5 pm; arrive Raleigh
9 pm; leave Raleigh, daily. 1 20 am; arrive
Durham 3 30 a m, arrive Greensboro 7 30 a m.
Norfolk & Western R. R.
Trie currerence Between what wheat
and oats take out of the land can be
shown after we settle what should be
considered a fair crop of each. Suppose
20 bushels of wheat and 40 bushels oats
art; an average crop. Which draws out
most plant food from the soil? The sta
tion wheat experiments in 1891 yielded
an average of 217 pounds of straw to
100 of grain. In 1888 experiments with
oats at New York state station, yielded
128.4 pounds of straw to 100 pounds of
grain. Using these relations of grain
to straw the crop taken off from an acre
of each grain would be for wheat : 1,200
pounds grai: l and 2604 pounds straw ;
for oats, 1280 pounds grain and 1643.5
pounds straw. From the New York
station report for 1888 the following ta
ble is taken : It shows the pounds of
plant food removed from the soil in 1
ton of 2,000 pounds of each article
named :
Lbs. of Plant Food in 2,000 lbs. of
Wheat w,leat oa.,. Oat
" neat Straw uata Straw
Ph. Acid IP-' 05) 15.1 2 0 11 9 1 2
Potash .. (K ) 8.8 10.5 9.8 27.0
Nitrogen .. CN) 34.2 9 5 39.0 7.6
Therefore from an acre each of wheat
and oats from which the yields obtain
ed are equal to the above assumption,
the following amounts of plant food in
pounds would be withdrawn from the
Lbs. of Plant Fond contained in
Each Crop.
Wheat Crop Oat Crop
Gr'njStr'wj Total Gr'n Str'wi Total
I'hosph. I
-Ac(P20-. 9.0 2 m 11-661 7 62 0 9m 8.60
PVsh(K20 5.28 13.67; 18.951 6.27 22.19 28.47
Nitr"g"n(X) 20.52j 12.37j 32.80 : 24.96j 6.25j 31.21
wiKBTOK-e&LVif division. Leave Wlnswm-
Salem II :00 a. m. for Rianoke and inter.
mediate points.
Arrive Roanoke 4-00 p. m.
7:5o a. m. (mixf(l) daily except Sunday, for
Roanoke and intermediate points.
Arrive Roanoke 6 ;3 j p, m .
7-eave Roanoke 7:30 a. m. 'mixed) daily except
Sunday A.rrr. Winaton-fealeiE 9.8 p. m.
Leave Roanoke 11:50 a. m. Arrive Winston
Salem 4:50 p. m.
7:5" p in. (Vestibuled Limited) for Bristol
Knoxville, Chattanooga, ail points SoutL
and West. Pullman Sleepers to Mempiut
and Naw Orleans. Dining car attached.
6:35 a. m. for Radford. for Blae
fleld for Pocahontas, for Bristol and inter
mediate stations.
4 .U p.m. for Bluefield. Pocahontas. Kenova
Columbus and Chicago and all points west
Pullman Sleepers from Roanoke to Colum
bus. Also for Kadford, Bristol, Knoxville
Chattanooga and intermediate points.
Pullman sleeper from Radford to Chatta
11:10 a m. for Petersburg, Richmond and Nor
11. -40 a. m. for Washington, HageratCwn, rail
adelDhia and New York.
10:50 p. m. for Richmond and Norfolk. Pullman
sleeper Roancke to Norfolk and Lyiobiu
to Richmond - -
13:45 p. m. (Vestibuled Limited) for Hagers;
town. Washington and New York. Pull
man sleepers to Washington, PhilaUe'nnis
and New xora via anenanaoan aiuncuor
u B. AO. R. R.
DrmHAM Division Leave Lynchburg dairy
3 too p.m. and (union station) for Durhan:
mui ail intermediate points
Leave Durham daily at 7:00 a. m. for Lyneb
banc and intermediate pionts.
For all additional information apply at lcke
office or tc M. F BEASft,
W B. BEVTLL Trav. Pms. A en
G Mirs,l PMsensw A mt. Ror-ottn. v
. IN -
I , hare moved my harness shop
from No. 130 Main street, to the
"Old Cheap John" stand, No, 417
liberty street, where I will be pleas
ed to greet my old patrans and
make the acqaintance of new friends.
Come and see me. -
Beware of Travelling Seed Peddlers.
farmers of the state should be on
their guard against travelling seed ped
dlers who, it seems, have been operating
in the eastern, and probably other dis
tricts of the state. A farmer near Rocky
Mount, N. C, sends the Experiment
Station a circular rtistnbutea by tnese
persons. The following extract will
suffice to show how they are trying
deceive and swindle the farmers:
'An everlasting, perennial plant
It resembles all otner varieties
Hover, neas. beans, etc.. grows two
four feet high on ordinary land and is
adapted to thin or sandy soil, it is iar
superior to manure to plow under."
To a person having knowledge or sucn
matters, the whole of the above quota
tion is pure fiction. The plant referred
to is Alsike clover, a short lived peren
nial adapted only to rich moist land and
a cool climate. It has no value for
North Carolina or the South outside or
the higher mountain valleys. Farmers
who buy and plant it under such repre
sentations will be woeiuliy msappoinrea
and will suffer loss of all invested in the
The New Poultry Division.
The North Carolina Agricultural Ex
periment Station has added another di
vision to the several aireaay m opera
tion, to be known as the Poultry Divis
ion. Among the specific studies for this
division will be first to ascertain tho
best breeds of poultry which can be re
commended for different sections of the
State, how t(j raise them economically,
including the best treatment for dis
eases and insects, and how to prepare
and ship to market all poultry products.
It will be the endeavor to foster the
industry in North Carolina so that a
profitable and financially paying busi
ness may be inaugurated in almost any
locality, or on any farm. As but little
capital is required, the returns for the
investment should always be large. The
Station proposes to publish educational
bulletins to bring the matter before the
attention of the people of the State, and
to extend such knowledge to all who
raise poultry, as would be of benefit in
the management, preparation and ship
ment to market.
The poultry manager in charge of the
Poultry Division of the Experiment
Station will be Mr. F. E. Hege, now of
the Riverside Poultry Farms of New-
bern, N. C. He will enter upon his
work on December 1st, on the farm of
the Station adjoining the State Fair
The raising of poultry and poultry
products in xiorth Carolina tor market
is susceptible of great extension, and
this new departure by the Station will.
without doubt, contribute largely to that
end, and will prove, consequently, of
great and far reaching value.
Advanced Monthly Summary of Meteoro
logical Reports For North Caro
lina, October, 1895.
The North Carolina State "Weather
Service issues the following advanced
summary of the weather lor October,
189o, as compared witn tne correspond
ing month of previous years:
Temperature. The mean tempera
ture for the month was 55.8 degrees,
which is 3.9 degrees below tho
normal, and the lowest for October
since 1873. The highest monthly mean
was 62.8 at Southport; lowest monthly
mean 44.3 at Lanville. The highest
temperature recorded was 88 on the 7th
at Rockingham; lowest, 18 on the 10th
and 30th at Lanville. The warmest Oc
tober during the past 23 years was in
1881; mean, 66.4 degrees; the coldest in
1873 and 189o; mean, 5o..
Precipitation. Average for the
month, 1.86 inches, which is 1.80 inches
below the normal. The greatest amount
was 2.99 at Tarboro; least amount, 0.21
at Asheville. The wettest October dur
ing the past 23 years was in 1887; aver
age. 6.72 inches; the dryest was in 1884
average 0.81 inch.
Wind. Prevailing direction, north
east, which is the normal direction for
October. Average hourly velocity, 8.6
miles. Highest velocity, 52 miles an
hour from the northeast on the 4th at
Kitty Hawk.
FrosU were most general on the fol
lowing dates: The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 9th
10th, 11th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd.
. Solar halos were observed at various
f laces on the 11th, 14th, - 15th, 29th,
Lunar halos were observed on the
1st, 2nd, 28th, 29th, 30th.
lot lormed in the western portion of
The eggs hatch out in about five days.
The maggots eat off the young rootlets
producing what is often called "club
foot;" they also bore into the larger
roots and stems, causing the plants to
turn yellow and soon after die, or re
main as stiMited plants which refuse to
head. The flies continue to breed all
the summer and pass the winter as dor
mant pupa in the hollow stems of cab
bage and stnmps if left in the field.
Some of the winged insects also hide
away in cellars and places where cab-
asre is stored, but the greater portion
of the first brood of flies come from the
dormant pupa in the field. The mag
gots feed by preference upon the roots ol
cabbage and other cruciferous plants
collards, kale, cauliflower, radish, mus
tard, etc. , but they breed also in stable
manure piles, human excrement and
rotten fish.
The first and most essential remedy is
to clean cabbage fields thoroughly of
stumps. Either plow these under at
least 6 inches deep and then roll the
ground, or gather the stumps and com
post them with lime. Never follow
abbage by tne same crop on any nelo.
If the maggots appear on plants in the
seed bed, apply a good dressing of lime
or muriate of potash to the soil, or suf
ficient kerosene emulsion to wet the
ground 1 inch deep. If plants in the
field are attached tase a dibber or sharp
stick and make a hole near each plant
as deep as the roots of the plant and
about 1 inch in diameter. Fill this hole
with kerosene emulsion. If "the emul
sion does not wet the soil on all sides of
the plant make and fill another hole on
opposite side. Usually one treatment
will be sumcient lor each crop, but ir
neighboring fields are left untreated
they will breed flies so fast that a second
treatment may be necessary alter ten
days. The emulsion must be thorough-
lv made. But it will be safe in any case
if it is not allowed to touch the leaves
of the young plants.
the kerosene emulsion.
Hard soap, xi pound. ;
"Water, 1 gallon.
Kerosene oil, 1 gallon.
Direction's. Shave the soap and boil
till all dissolved in the water. Remove
from the fire and pour into the kerosene.
Chum this or pass it through a spray
er or syringe until it becomes a thick
cream and the oil does not separate
from the soap. Dilute with 9 times its
bulk of cold water before using.
This remedy is equally as good for the
onion maggot, cut worms and all other
burrowing insects. "When thoroughly
made it would not burn the plants, but
if any free oil rises to the top it will
burn. Gerald McCarthy, Entomol
ogist, N. C. Experiment Station.
In this case the wheat would carry off
more phosphoric acid by 3 pounds and
more nitrogen by pounds, while the
oats would take 9 pounds more potash,
than the wheat.
It is a matter of common observation
among farmers that oats are a far better
forager than wheat. That is, given an
equal chance, the oats can get more and
do better than wheat. Hence it is ow
ing to the recognition of less ability of
wheat to produce as well under like con
ditions that it is given the better of two
fields where both crops are grown on the
same farm and that determines the ap
plication of commercial manure to the
wheat of tener, or in greater weight than
for the oat crop.
Under equal conditions to start with,
the cat crop would produce more, and
would take more from the soil than
wheat. It does not, however, on aver
age conditions as met with, and the
contention referred to, depends finally
on the condition of the land previous to
crorroinsr with wheat or oats, and on the
application of commercial or other ma
nure made for the crop. Grasses re
quire an abundant food supply in order
to make any considerable growth. They
cannot find it after as close a forager aa
oats has been removed from a rather
noor field to begin with and but little
hell) offered. They can find food after
a wheat crop on better or even the same
land, especially if some compost, stable
or commercial manure was used to help
the wheat. It will doubtless poyto
dress land well for wheat and sow cow
peas on the stubble to be worked in
with gang plow, or disk harrow, and
harvest the crabgrass and cowpea hay,
which will result on many North Caro
lina soils.
In regard to time of sowing, there is a
great deal of latitude for both crops in
North Carolina. The custom is to sow
in September or October. In the east it
is allowable to sow later than in the
west. Even as late as Christmas has
produced a good crop of wheat here on
the Experiment Farm. Early sowing
saves some expenditure for nitrogenous
manure by depending somewhat on the
nitrates of the soil, which may be largely
lost before late sown grain could feed on
it. Wheat is doubtless more benefited
by early sowing than oats.
Favored by Fortune. ,
Archer Milton Huntington, who has
decided literary tastes and ambitions,
may safely enter the field of letters with
no fear of the wolf pressing at the door.
He is the adopted son of Collis P. Hunt
ington, the multimillionaire railroad
magnate. The young man is a son of
the late Dr. Worsham, a former exten-
Questions and Replies.
The Station will be glad to extend its
usefulness oy answering as far as pos-
sible questions on agricultural topics sent
by any one m i"ortn Carolina wno may
desire to ask for information. Address
all questions to the North Carolina Agri
cultural Experiment L tat ion, Raleigh, N.
C. Replies will be written as early as
possible by the member of the Station
staff most competent to do so, and whe'i,
of general interest, they will also appear
in these columns. The Station desires in
this way to enlarge its sphere of useful
ness and render immediate assistance to
practical farmers.
Ihe state on the 1st, 2nd, 8rd, 10th, 11th,
tOth, 21, 22nd, 29th, 80th.
- Earthquake shocks were felt in the
eastern portion of the state on the 6th.
j in the west on the 81st, both slight.
ihe month was characterized by the
long drought, which was not broken
until the Slat.
m and Whiskey Habits
' I cured at home wilhv
1 outpain.- Bookofpar-
a y tJculars sent FREE.
UUice, 104 Whitehall St, Atlanta, da,
Fotico of Sale of Goiernmsist Property.
The following personal Property forfeited
to the United States for violation of Internal
Revenue Laws, will be sold at pub ic auction
at 8 G. Pace's livery stable in Mt. Airy, N.
V , at 1 o'clock, p. m., Dec. 6, 1895, viz.? One
claybank mare, one one-horse wagon and
harness- Also one keg apple brandy con
ta ning about 6 gallons. This Nov. 20. 1895.
Per F. P. Alspaugh, ' 8. L. Rogbbs,
Den. Coll. ColL 5'h.Dist, N..C.
The Testing of Milk.
"A bulletin recently issued by the
North Carolina Experiment station (No.
115) describes the different methods em
ployed for testing milk, cream, butter
milk, etc., also for testing the adultera
tions In milk. The Babcock milk test
is the chief method employed for the
purpose. It is described in detail and
anyone with care and short experi
ence can soon learn how to conduct a
test, i Anyone who has several cows
should know the relative value of each,
and it often happens that a cow eats
more food than is returned in her pro
ducts. It is a waste to keep such stock.
The Babcock test affords an easy plan
for learning the richness and value of
the milk. . A person possessing the ap
paratus, which is simple and compara
tively inexpensive, (costing only about
$10r) can easily . test the -milk of the
cows belonging to his neighbors and
charge a small amount for the service.
Such a plan would be helpful and sav
ing to both parties. Or else several
coald buy the test apparatus in common.
The Growing of Onions.
Would there be a possibility of my
growing a good crop of onions on newly
cleared land, with everything taken out
and well plowed and worked t I want to
grow a good crop. I have nothing but
commercial fertilizers to use. My land ia
light and high, a KOod sandy loam. How
much fertilizer can I use and not burn the
crop? Is the "Prizetaker" the best for me
to plant, and mnrket under the '"New On
ion Culture ?" What time are they ready
to market set out February 1st. A. F. C,
Chadbourn, X. C.
Answered by W. F. Massey, Horticul
turist. N. C. Experiment Station.
You can doubtless grow a fair crop of
onions on your Jand, by liberal fertili
zation, and by repeating the heavy fer
tilization, you can grow larger crops on
the same land annually for a number of
years. It takes several years fertiliza
sion and culture to get the maximum
crop of onions on a piece of land that
has never grown that crop. I should
use fully a ton per acre of a high grade
fertilizer, and I would not buy any par
ticular brand of mixed fertilizer, but
would mix my own, for there is no
brand that I am acquainted with which
has as large a percentage of potash as
the onion crop and your soil need. In
bulletin 112, on Trucking in the South,
you will find some formulas for home
mixing of fertilizers. If you wish to
grow green onions for bunching to ship
m March, you should use sets of the
Early Pearl or the White Potato onion,"
and plant them in October. The bulle
tin referred to will give yon full direc
tions. For a ripe crop for the home
market or for early shipment ripe, you
can use the Prizetaker, and . start the
plants under glass in January, or if you
want a crop that can be kept then sow
seed in February of the White South-;
port Globe, or the Red Opal. The Prize
taker is the best for the "new onion
culture," that is the starting of the
plants early and transplanting in March,
or with you in February, if well har-.
dened off. They will be ready to ship
in late June or early in July, while the
onions grown from sets planted in Oc
tober, will be ready to pull and bunch
in March and ship with the tops on, in
ventilated barrels. . ..
sive land owner in Texas. His father
died while he was but a lad. When he
was 1 4 Mrs. Worsham, his mother, mar
ned C. P. Huntington. Within a year
after the marriage Mr. Huntington
adopted him according to the laws of
New York. Young Huntington is now
26 years of age. In physical appearance
be is quite remarkable, being 6 feet 4
inches in height and weighing 260
pounds. He is accounted a good athlete
and lias the strength of a giant. Ho was
recently married in London to Miss
Helen Gates.
"England's Only General,
General Lord Wolseley, who has been
advanced from field marshal to the ex
alted position of
commander in
chief of the Brit
ish army, is a
veteran at many
wars and is un
doubtedly Great
Britain's fore
most living sol
dier. Some years
ago he was re
ferred to in jest
as "England's
only general," a
title . that has
stuck to him ever
lord wolseley. since. Garnet Jo-i
eeph wolseley comes ox an old family.
the Staffordshire Wolseleys of Wolseley
HalL He was born in Dublin, July 4,
1833, and entered the army as an ensign
at the age of 19. As a military com
mander he has 1 en singularly fortu
nate, as bis record is unstained by a sin
gle defeat in the field. ' .
- ' ' Sustained Efforta.
New York Herald.
Angels came and ministered unto him.
Matthew, iv , li
lt is a glHd surprise to the careful
student of the older and the newer
Sripturr that the beings whom we
call BDgeU ' ccupy so prominent a
position in the Father's dealiDgs
with 11 is children on the earth. And
it is not the least curious fact in the
history of our modern religious
life that the miH.-ion of tl ese angels
should be either ignored or practi
cally discredited. We have not leen
wil.inp: to admit that God uspb any
secondary agencies in the accomp
lishment of His purposes.
Asa coaaoquence we suffer spiritual
loss, for there is a great com'ort to
be had in the belie! that a throng of
invisible beings are nigh at hand in
our time of trouble, pitying us iuour
time of trouble, pitying us ia our
distress, ami leDdmg tu h aid as lies
in their power. How many of our
burdens are lightened by their suc
coring strength, now trfquoutly we
are enabled to rf sist temptati jn by
their power added to our owu, how
often ho!y suggestions come from
them waicn we attribute to our owu
minds or hearts, no vxw can tell.
But that they do come from heaven
to earth and that our daily lives are
bkssid by their presence no one who
accepts the record of Christ s minis
try as veritable history can possibly
Their doSnrs run through the pages
of the Old TeatH merit like a golden
thread in a costly fabric. The dark
places in the life of the ancient He
brews are illumined Dy tbem, and
every prophet held communion with
them and received from them the
mandates of the Most High. Daniel,
when speaking of the strait he was
in, bald, "Behold, there stood before j
me as the appearance of a man
and he informed me and talked
with me," and his experience Is so
multiplied by others of a like nature
that we are almost startled by their
constant recurrence. They shine
like stars on a winter night; and to
them tl.e Hebrews were indebted for
their courage and their national
The birth of Christ was announced
by an ar.gl; the flight into Egypt
with the Child was commanded by
an angel; whin ihe temptation of
Christ was ended He was ministered
unto by angels; whn the- tearful
women stood at the tomb it was an
angel, "whose raiment was white as
snow," who proclaimed the resurrec
tion, and wneu the mob followed the
Lord, and the dineiples talked of
resistance byfonv, He rebuked them,
declaring that it neeml He could
call on "more than twelve legions of
i 1 adduce on!y a fv w out of many
instances, hut they are sufficient to
establish and empha&iz-i the fact
that we are Sren though we do not
see, and that beuveu holds the earth
in its arms as a mocber her babe,
No distance forms a barrier either to
our longing or to their response to
it. We mar not feel the hand that
is Dlaced in ours, but it is there; we
do not hear with the henriog ol the
ear, but with the hearing of the
heart; we do nut see tuefe guardian
spirits wi'.h the eye, but with our
inner consciousness we are sure that
they are tb ee by.
What a glorious realm of tnou nt
we are exploring ! What a glorious
realm of fact is revealed tousl The
poor roul that is being driven along
the downward path by the fury of
his passions is accompanied at every
step by God's messengers the mes
sengeis of His pity and His love
and with their eupremest cnorts tney
try to bar his way to further wretch
ednees. The lonely heart that has
been chilled by frosty misfortune,
and falls upon a desperate mood
that regards even crime with indiffer
ence, is Burrounded by invisible
agents who are doingall that heaven
itself can suggest to make the way
smoother and the sky brighter. And
the mourning soul, sutibg in the
shadow of a great bereavement.
looking upward with tear dimmed
eyes is no one near to whisper con
solation? Is God unmindful or
Dowerltss to assuage this grief?
The aneels who represent God's
symtathv are in that darkened
room, and the peace that comes to
the broken heart comes from above.
We have here a practical fact, but
we nave made too nu:e use oi ic
The wonder is that we have neglect
ed it so long, tor it i?on of the most
precious truths to r e found within
the whole range of God's providencr.
Not alone, never ali ne, but always
in the companionship of ministering
soil its enioined by the Father to do
us good service if we will allow tbem
to do so.
And who are these heavenly be
ings: way not those wno nave
been bound to ns for many years
and who love us now more than ever?
Shall they who have been so dear,
but who were summoned to the
other land, be sent far away, while
strangers do His bidding for our
behoof? Our guardians are those
who ha ve been closest to our hearts,
I believe, and they are always- ready
to come at our call Ihey hover
about us, guide our wandeiiog foot
steps, avert impending danger, do
what they nay to encourage ano
cheer, and after the nightfall, when
the morning comes, they will De tne
first to greet us and welcome us to
that Home where parting shall be
forever unknown.
George H. Hepworth
The Ews and Observer' Big Indus
trial IS6U.
The Raleigh News and Observer
yesterday issued its formerly an
nounted North Carolina Cotton mill
edition. It contains . tnirty-six
pages of a complete, comprehensive,
historical and biographical history
of the cotton milling industry in
North Carolina from 1815, the tir e
when the first cotton factory was
built in the state, to date.
The facts and data were gathered
from a three month's industrial cam
paign by members of the staff of
the paper; they are from the first
hands, and therefore reliable, These
facts show that North Carolina has
in operation 184 mills, 989,093 spin-,
dies. 24,624 looms, 24.825 operatives
and is spinning 374,220 bales of cot-,
ton per annum. It has invested in
the cotton mill industry $16,710,-.
600, 90 per cent, of which is the cap
ital of its own citizens.
The annual consumption of eoN
ton exceeds this year's production
of the state by 40,000 bales. Tha
new mills now bf;iDg erected and
i that will be in operation by the
spring of 1896, will run the number
of spindles beyond 1,000,000 and the
consumption next year will exceed
400,000 bales.
State Sunday School Association
The State Sunday School Akt
tion, In session at Go1'1st i- i i: t
weetc, elected as president, f. ,r L) . e, .
suing year Herman H. H .i -. t tin;
University. Mr. Horri i i f -''-i i ' f
the University Y. M J A 1 1 N.
Snow, of Durham, was cKctt J wnj-
NCR MORE in harmony
with the world. OCnt
completely enred men are
singing happy praises for
the ccreateet. Krand-
es?t and most suc
cessful cure for sex
ual weakness and
lost vigor known to
medical science. An
account of thistoon
derful discovery, ia
book form, with ref
erences and proofs,
..'ill lu, ......
reringr men (sealed) free Full manly viror
permanently restored. Failure Impossible.
a use
Vpw n-.il t'-tr.p!f.e Treatment. conlstlni: ol
lot. Li. -4, Ouj."ui- of Omhneiit and f
UiX-SnA (iiu'.mctit. A 0Yt,r-fiHt,cr CurA fnrPl.A
t ovoiy nrtture an-i doerree. It mniie kn nerfcti4io
illh the knifo ar injection, of trtclic acid, which
tr-j pajiif-il tiid fphlom a iermaiibnt rnre, and often
aitiuij in !eatb, uonnww.rj. Why endure
-hin toTitits tiisenae? W Kunrantee 4
oxe to cut any ens. You ouly iajr for
icnetit receive. 1 a bri. C for ta. benv by m.ii,
uu-ai!e; lit.tiod by our AiroDta.
n H Z1 l f A T I n H Carert. : Prevents.;
JliS.O I I n I lUll cy Japanese Liver Pellet
.T-it I iVFft end 8TOSS it'll UEOL'LATOR and
!it;0!i IJKlili'.U. HjnU, Ju.M l.r.it flennt tfl
sk, erpocinity aiUipteu for children ium. aOlftwef
- C-VT4.
'.iiiAnVE: levied only 01
Sash, Doors, and Blinds.
No trouble now to build a house if you know where to buy
the cheapest material. We rnnnufaeture all kir ds of Doors, Sash,
Blinds, Mantels, Door and Window Frames, Turned Work, Scroll
Sawing, Stair-Work, Moulding of all kindH, Floorii-g, Ceiling, Sid
ing, Casing, and all kinds of Finished Lumber.
We carry in stock Rough Lumber, Shir glen, Plastering Lathes
and all kinds of Buildincr Material.
r h i-
Building Material.
1 1 th and Depot Streets.
m " ar- anuiiiiiiiTm
and everyone needs it at all times of the
year. Malaria is always about, and the
only preventive and relief is to keep the
Liver active. You must help the Liver a bit,
and the best helper is the Old Friend, SIM
MONS Liver regulator, the Red Z.
Mr. C. Himrod, of Lancaster, Ohio,
broke a case of Malarial Fever of three
years' standing for me, and less than
one bottle did the business. I shall use
it when in need, and recommend it."
Be sure that you get it. Always look for
the RED Z on the package. And don't
forget the word REGULATOR. It Is SIM
only one, and every one who takes it is
sure to be benefited. THE BENEFIT IS
ALL IN THE REMEDY. Take it also for
Biliousness and Sick Headache ; both are
caused by a sluggish Liver.
J. 11. Zeilin & Co., Philadelphia.
National Bank,
CAPITAL, 1150 001
Farmer's Favorite
Champion Grain Brills.
Hartford Conn
AVE you feasted your
eyes upon the beauty
and grace of the 1895
Columbian ? Have you
tested and compared i
them with all others ? 1
Only by such testing can (
you know how fully the
Columbia justifies its
proud title of the Stand- '
ard for the World. And
the price is but
Jin Art T
f this famous wheels
and of Hartfords, $Jb
bayfret at any Col.iwt
bia Agency, or mailed
far two 9-cent stamps.
Cotton Stales and International Expcsit en
September 18 December 31, !895.
For tha above occasion the Southern Kail way
Co. will sell low-rate round-trip tickets to
ATLANTA, OA., and return on the follow.
Ing- basis:
Kentackiana sua Swallowiste.
Columbus Ledger.
E litor Watterson remarks that
like a true Democrat he proposes to
"swallow hi chagrin." Kentucky
gentlemen, it is generally under
stood, are a lepte in swallowing.
Prepare for Christmas.
From Art in Advertisirg.
Don't wait until the last moment
to pat your holiday advertising into
Alexandria, Vs.......
Asheville, N. C
Burlington, n.fj.
BurkevMe. Va
Culpeper, Va ........
Chatbam, Va.
Charlottesville, Va...
Chapel Hill, N.O
Concord, N. C. ........
Charlotte. N. C.....
Danville, Vs
Durham, N. C
Front BoyaVVa
ureensooro, n. u.....
Goldsboro, N. C.
tienaereonviiie, a . u.
Hiokory, N. C
Hiirh Point. N. C
Hot Springs, N. C .
Henderson, N. C......
Lynchburg, Va.
Lexington, N. C
Morgan ton, N. C
Marion, N. C
Newton. N.C
Orange, Va
uxrora, n. u
Richmond, Va
KcldBVUie. JN. u
Ualcisih, N. C
South Boston. Va ....
dtrasburg, Va. ,.
Salisbury, N. C
StatesvUle, N. u
raylorsville, IN. U ....
Tryon, N.C
Washington, D. C ....
West Point, Va.
wnrrenton. va
Wilkesboro, N. C.
28.25 19.25
no ae l -.
20.8515.30 ...
8.40 1
13.15'. . 9.65
20.0514.70 110.20
E0.40 15.00: il0.45
28.2519.25 14U0
17.65 12.951 9.20
21.7515.95 11.C0
10.55 .
10.35 .
120.40 15.00
10.45 .
Oliver Chilled Plows
at reduced prices.
!24. 55 18.00..
20.4015 00
23.2517 05i
26.25 19.25!
120.25 19.25
Z3.Ua 17. 3i.
.113.10 .
.110.45 .
.1 lt.70 .
Winston-Salem, N. C. '19.00 13.95
11.25; I 7.25
11.25 7.25
13.00; 8.15
7.85 1 4.90
. 11.30. ...
.1 9.80
Do Oats Impoverish tha Soil More Than
Wheat TV . ;V .V-i--
' People here contend that oats draw or
impoverish land a great deal - more than
wheat. They say that crabgraas and
weeds will not grow on land when oats
have been . removed, or not so fine growth -as
where wheat has grown. .They argue
that both crops may be seeded at the
same time. Is it so, ' and if so why t
Some information will be gladly received.
J. W. F., Durham, N. C.
Answered by F. Emmery, Agricultur
lat JJ. C. .F-'er'irint tatton.,J . .
Wife Oh, dear, the baby has: just
fallen off the chair ! Do you suppose he
is burt Internally? . . -
Husband Judging from the noise he
makes, I should say it was eternally.
iirooklyn Laie.
A Strong: Fortification.
Fortify the body against disease
by Tutt's Liver Pills, an abso-
j 4ute-cure for sick headache, dys
pepsia, sour stomach, malaria,
constipation, jaundice, bilious
ness and all kindred troubles.
"Trio ENr-Whoal f it A
m uw a it M uwwa sa . uiv
DrJTutt; Your Liver Pills are
the fly-wheel of life. I shall ever
be grateful for the accident that
brought them to my notice. I feel
as if I had a new lease of life.
J. Fairleigh Platte Cannon, Col.
Tutt's Liver Pills
(Bates from intermediate points in proportion.)
Column A: Tickets wul be sold September 5
and 12, and daily from September 15 to Decem
ber 15, 1895, Inclusive, with final limit January
7, 1896.
UOlumn 1J : Micaeiswiu do soiu auiiyiium
September 18 to December 15, 1805. inclusive,
with final limit twenty (20) days from du.e ol
Column C: Tickets will be sold daily from
September 15 to December 30, 1895, inclusive,
with final limit filtcen U5) d;tya from dnte of
sale. No ticket to bear longer limit than Janu
ary T.iawe. . .
Column li : Tickets will bo sold on Tuesdays
and Thursdays of each week from September
17 until Deoember24, 1895, inclusive, with final
limit ten U0) days from date of sale.
Column B: Tickets will be sold daily from
September 15 to December 30, 1835, inclusive.
mm nnai limit seven u ) aays lrom oara oi sale.
Is the only line
Grounds, having
entering the Exposition
a double truck, standard-
guage rauwuy from tne center or the city oi
AtLiuta to tho Exposition O'ounds.
For tlokcts and full Information apply to
your nearest agent, or address
Trade Manager, " Gen'l Past Agt.
1300 Pen n a. Are. Washington. D. C.
Atlanta and Return.
Here is an opportunity to go to the
Great Exposition at Atlanta without any
outlay of money for railroad fare:
We will give a ticket over the Southern.
Railroad tron? Winston-Salem to Atlanta and
return, good for Ten Days, to every person
who will send us twenty-five paid-in-advance
subscribers to THE W EKLY SEN
TINEL, tor one year, at $1.00 per year.
If you want to see the Grandest Expo
sition ever given in the South and the sec
ond grandest ever given in the United States,
hustle, for twenty-five subscribers to The
Weekly Sentinel and secure your railroad
ticket to Atlanta and back.
Sentinel PubUshing Co.

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