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THE SEMI-WEEKLY SENTIHELi, . WINSTON-SALE M, NORTH CAROLINA TUESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 8 WESTERN SENTINEL (Established 1855) SENTINEL PUBLISHING CD. ' Publishers- TUESDAY AND FRIDAY J. G. STERLING Manager SUBSCRIPTION RATb One Year, 104 copies . . . Six Months, 52 copies . . , , Three Months, 26 copier , Sample Copies Mailed on . ,.$1.00 50 . s . .25 Ii iquest. All communications should b ad dressed to The Western Sentinel, Win: ton-Salem, N. C. (Entered at Postoffice at Wins'on-Sa-lem, N. C, as second-class mail Matter November 30, 190 f. OPINIONS. The morality of woman is related to devotion to the home, to the hus band and the children. And she has been truer to those ideals than man has. The morality of men is devo tion to the political unit, which wo men have not. Dr. Luther II. Gulick. We build a multitude of statues to perpetuate the memory of those whose achievements were human slaughter, but none to those who saved life or devised ways to escape pain. The name of no physician adorns the Hall of Fame. Poarce Kintzing, M. D., of T . , A uaiunxore. Woman suffrage would largely in crease the political ignorance of the nation since women, because they are women, are inevitably and invincibly ignorant of many questions which have to be decided by the ballot. G. Atherton. A NEEDED CHANGE. The Sentinel expressed the hope, a fr-w days ago, that some way would be devised in the near future to re lieve the state legislature of the ne cessity of passing on a vast amount of lecul and private business for the reason that this kind of thing takes up too much of the legislature's time and leaves ioo little time for serious consideration of more important mat ters. In commenting on this the Sal isbury Post, whose editor was a mem- ol the last legislature, has the Ilowins to say: "''Many of these local matters could ,.t handled by the secretary of state the clerks of the respective coun ts with expedition and at a great -living to the state and relief to the righty questions that present thern- es to the general assembly. Senator Ormond, seasoned legis tr that he is, should be returned to ileigh next winter to champion this jform." The Raleigh Times, in the course of an editorial endorsing the. position of the Post and The Sentinel, has the following relative to the editorial quoted above from the former: "There are few men more able to appreciate this situation than the gen ial editor of The Post and representa tive of Rowan. Many days has lie lounged around the capitol corridors anxious to dispose of the important legislation that was of concern to the people of North Carolina and get home, when 'hour after hour was spent in passing some local bill that only became a burden on the statute books. There are too many men who go to the legislature and think they are adding glory to their names and -serving their constituents by passing a lot of little bills that are not worth a cent to the country. Yet they go back home and point with pride to the nunibsr of bills they had passed, and strut around as though they were the whole thing. While he was get ting through his bill for draining .Mud Pond, ditching John Jones' spring branch, killing fleas in Jack Smith's barn-yard, or prohibiting Bill Brown's rooster from crowing at 4 o'clock p. m., public bills involving thousands of dollars are left on the calendar for lack of time. It is high time that some remedy for these con ditions be applied. Of the two thou sand bills passed biennially the state would be 'better off if. some fifteen hundred were never introduced. It would be well to add to Editor Jul ian's suggestion that Senator Ormond be returned, that the able represen tative from Rowan also come back -and help, the senator in this . reform." The president 'arid - the1" postmaster general have had a good .deal to say re cently about the big postoffice deficit. As usual, the blame is placed on the item of second-class matter and an at tempt to raise the rate charged to pub lications of various kinds will doubtless be made. If the government depart ments and members of congress would stop sending so much worthless matter through the mails. Congressional Rec ords, for instance, the "situation might be relieved to some extent at least. Many Democrats as Weill as Republi cans -will be glad that 'Mt Thomas Set tle has landed at last. Besides being an affable gentleman Mr. Settle is a man of ability? and has rendered his : party excellent service 'as a campaign er. The ' announcement - that he is to be assistant tothe attorney general of the United States is peculiarly gratify ing to those who have had fears that "he would be left out in th6 cold by the .'bowers that 'be. , - COTTON MILL MERGER? It will he remembered that, a' few years ago, a number of men interested in Southern cotton mills, one or two prominent businessmen: of AVinston Salem among the number, conceived ,the idea of forming a big merger of the cotton mills in this section of the country. In all probability the' plan would ( have been perfected then but for the stringency of the money mar? ket. . The Charlotte News is authority for the statement that such a move ment has been put on foot again jvith good prospects of success. In discuss ing the matter that paper says: "The . News learns today on the most reliable authority that a cotton mill combination, or trust, is now be ing formed in the11 South. Three gen tlemen representing large financial in terests are now in this section and have already visited a large number of the mills and laid before them the proposed plan. The present combina tion includes only the mills making brown sheeting of medium or heavy weights, but it is intimated that it may be extended later to include' other classes of mill products. It is repre sented that the combination will have extensive capital and will purchase the plants outright or on partial stock basis. The gentlemen working the combination are New York capitalists, and are said to have ample capital at their 'backs. It is understood a large number of mills have, signified their intention of joining the combination. The only difficuty seems to have been with mills controlled - by commission houses. The combination will have its own selling agency, and it is un derstood, ' head office will be in Char lotte" While present facilities with refer ence to railroad travel and similar matters are being improved it seems to us that it would be a splendid idea for the railroads and the transfer com panies in existence here to get to gether in some way and follow the ex ample of such concerns in the larger cities with reference to the handling of (baggage to and from trains. In those cities the transfer company gives bond to the railroad companies for th.e faithful performance of its con tract and acts to some extent as an agent of the railroads. A representa tive of the transfer company wearing a uniform or badge is always at 'hand and looks after all matters pertaining to outgoing or incoming baggage, thus relieving the passengers of worry along this line. Of course, the trans fer concern would be bonded and would be responsible to the railroad companies for the safe and proper de livery of all baggage. This would he an especially great convenience for la dies and it is something that is need ed here. Strange as it may seem there are some states in which the legislature meets every year, New York being among this number. In this part of the country a meeting once every two years seems quite enough, and some people think once in four years would be ibetter still. We see no reason whatever for (bringing together a body of state law makers every year and it is strange that those states having this system should cling to it. We have entirely too many laws on the statute books in this country now and too frequent meetings of legislative bo dies are not calculated1 to correct the evil. Internal disturbances in state educa tional institutions seem to be the.order of the day. The board of trustees cf Clemson College, of South Carolina, have been under fire recently, the charge having been that they run the institution pretty much as a family affair, handing out many college posi tions to near relatives. Now the con ditions at the Virginia1 Polytechnic In stitute are 'being aired, the charge hav ing been made that President Barrin ger, a native of North Carolina, has not been conducting the institution in the proper manner. It 'is announced that the board, of visitors of thei insti tution will make a thorough investiga tion of the charges. The maximum and minimum rate clause of the Aldrtioh-Fayne tariff act seems likely to provoke tariff wars against the United States unless the situation is handled , very diplomatical ly. Such wars would be: most likely to be inaugurfated, of course, by the countries to which the maximum rate has been applied by the United States, notably France, Germany and Canada. If a tariff war ensues with Germany, for instance, it "would be likely to have a very appreciable effect on the com merce of this country. We import an nually nearly $150;0W,00O worth of goods from Germiany; w export to Germany about twice that amount. It can readily be seen that this country tands a chance of losing $150,000,000 in trade df the tariff differences with Ger many are not adjusted. Negotiations have been in progress and it seems reasonable to believe such an amica ble adjustment will be "effected Whether it is effected or not the fact remains that . our high tariff law caus es quite a good deal of trouble and ex panse. " . :. : " ; - A nineteen-year-idd hoy , who was convicted in Ohio the other day . of an atrocious nrurder, following ah attempt at robbery, actually made the startling confession that he had never read a dime novel, taken a drink of -whiskey or smoked a cigarette. . Everyone who has kept up with, that Tallman case must feel that they have Some pretty sorry laws in. South Car olina, to sy the least. , Hj ; : The census to be taken" this year is likely to result in a -material increase in the number of representatives in the lower .branch of congress. The House of Representatives is valready an unwieldy body and a reduction in the number of members instead of an increase would really be better. The Ashe ville Citizen was considera bly disturbed some weeks since be cause the issuance of marriage licenses there had come to be such -a rare ccaur rence and asked for expressions from its subscribers as to the cause. This reduction in the number of marriages is, however, not confined to Ashe ville, just now. It seems to be a gen eral condition that prevails all over the country and one that is at least partly attributable to the high cost of living, of which we hear so much now. In this connection the Washington Post has the following: The relation between the cost of liv ing :&nd the activity in the issuance of marriage licenses is recognized as in timate, erven though the economists may not be able to express the subtle fact in the mathematical formula But there can he no doubt that Cupid keeps an eye on the market prices of pro visions, even though he may have little use for the tailor. There can be no doubt that this sprightly promoter of felicity ihas abandoned the old theory, enticing but illusory, that two persons can live just as cheaply as one can. Perhaps that untruth in domestic mathematics took forjn at a time when gir'ls were differ ent in some material respects from the maidens- of today. It was once the fad that they should be delicate, with out appetite, taking food after the manner of birds, with anemic results. They were more fond of cakes and sweetmeats than of prosaic bread, po1 taties, and roast beef. In those days there might have .been more economy in the feminine menu, even allowing that cake costs mores than bread. But the girl of today is brought up to be buxom and robust. There has been a reaction both sensible and wide-spread. She takes proper pride fin her apppe tite and in her muscles, which she has learned are not at all inconsistent with gentle sentiment. She emulates 'her brothers an fondness for the open air and for suitable athletics. There is no longer any reason for her sentimental setni-starvatiom. If she likes a ballad to her eyebrow, she is ready also for a lobster after the op era. She may approve of kisses from the one right man, but he must also be able to provide a menu more extended than bread and cheese. Hence the normal and active feminine interest in the revolt against high prices in the market place. BASEBALL NOTES. The Minneapolis team will do its spring training at Des Moines, la. Hans Lobert has signed with Cincin nati and will play third base for the Rods. The Wilkesbarre fans are happy, as Pitcher Joe Bliss has been turned back by the Detroit club, "Steamer" Flanagan, the Buffalo out fielder, will no doubt prove a "whale" with Charley Dooley's Utica team. Hugh Jennings denies that he is try ing to trade Moriarity tnd Mclntyre for Ston'e and Wallace, of the Browns. Dode Criss, the crack pinch hitter of the St, Louis Browns, may be sent to Louisville to cover first base for the Coloneis. It is said that Manager McGtiire, of the Cleveland team, is trying to trade Nig Clark on account of Nig and La joie being at outs. Manager Jack Dunn, of the Orioles, thinks he has something classy in Nai sel, a third sacker in a Baltimore city league. ' The Indianapolis team win leave Key West for Cuba on February 26. Eighteen exhibition games will be play ed in Havana by the Hoosiers Joe Wood, cf the Boston Americans, is a splendid horseman, a crack shot with rifle and shotgun, and is clever both at pool and billiards.- Jack Horner, the ex-Giant catcher, has" closed a deal whereby he becomes principal owner of the Binghamton c'lub of the New Ycrk State League. Providence fans will give a banquet in honor of Hugh Duffy on February 8, on the eve of 'Hugh's departure for Chicago, where he is to manage the; White Sox. Manager Fred Lake, of the Boston Nationals," as out to gather a bunch cf hustling youngsters. Fred says that the. veterans will have to take the gate. In Clarence Short, the' Milwaukee club claims to have the Champion strike-out pitcher. Playing with a semi-professional earn last season Short whised 264, batters in twenty five games, Clark Griffith has a new pitching machine that he intends to nsei in drilling the Reds in Matting. The Giants tried a machine a few years ago and the gosh-dinged thing came very near tearing the ibean eff of several players. . .. " President Helps. Orphans. Hundreds of orphans have been help ed by the President of the Industrial and Orphans' Home at Macon, Ga., who writes: "We have used Electric Bitters in this Institution for; nine years. It has- proved a most excellent medicine for Stomach, Diver and Kindney trou bles. We regard it as one of the best family medicines on earth." It invigor ates all vital organs, purifies the blood, aids' digestion, creates appetite. To strengthen "and build up pale, thin, weak children ' or rundown people it has no equal. Best for female com plaints. Only 50c, at P. - A. Thomp son's. "" L." M.-Richmond, cf Concord, was a visitor in the city yesterday. fifiCSet Take your next load of tobacco to the GORRELL'S and they will be quick to get you the highest prices for every pile of your tobacco. The Gorrell boys are top-notchers in selling tobacco and they want to prove it to you. Sell your next load with them and they will show Work of Helen Keller To Prevent Blindness Though Blind Herself She Has Waged a Campaign That is Having Far-Reaching Results. BY. WALTER PEET, M. D., Never in the history of the human race has a combination of terrible af flictions upon 'one person so redound ed to the good of a vast number, and indirectly to all, as in the case of Miss Helen Keller. By means of her vv-bndsrfully developed brain, and through her own indomitable will power and courage, she has carried out successfully a campaign which will save the sight hereafter of the class known as the needlessly blind, which, according to the latest statis tics amounts to the alarming propor tion of about 25 per cent of all sight less people in the country, while in France it is 33 per cent. The cause of this blindness is oph thalmia neonatbrum, i. e., infectious inflammation of the eyes of the new born; which is entirely preventable. Last week the writer, as did every other doctor in the state, received by mail from tfie New -York .State. De partment of Health a little tin tube. The distribution of these little tin tubes represents the climax of the marvelous work of this totally blind and deaf young woman in that they contain the prophylactic most easily and simply applied to the infants' eyes, which will wipe out one-quarter to one-third of the entire blindness of the world. How Helen Keller Won. How has Helen Keller accomplish ed this great work? To answer this we must go over briefly .a. part of her life history. Helen Keller was born June 27, 1880. When a little more than a year and a half old she lost both sight and hearing. It is well known among educators of the deaf that the loss of hearing at such an early age is as great a handicap as congenital deafness, so far as the starting of the teachng of language is concerned, which is paramount.' The interchange of thought with our' fellow beings through language, "however expressed, is much more important than even speech itself. Language, and speech are not synonymous. It matters not through what medi umspeech, manual alphabet or the various forms of writing and printing ideas are received and expressed to others, language is the sine qua non of the education of the deaf. The wri ter has seen many cases in which ar ticulation has approached fairly to the normal.when single words or mem orized phrases were spoken, but in which the mental ability to form sen tences independently has been entire ly lacking. This has been not only be cause of the intense desire to de velop speech, with the consequent neglect of . language, but because when language cannot be ac quired through , the ear it is almost the hardest thing in, the world to mas-. ter. ' ' Only a small percentage of the con genially deaf can express themselves in even approximately correct sen tences. Helen Keller was not only under this great handicap of practi cally congenital deafness, but the one of blindness was super imposed. She was deaf, djamib and blind. As she says in her book: "A sense of isolation enfolds me like a cold mist as I sit alone and wait at life's shut gate." . In the circumstances it would have been temerity to have prognosticated anything .-mudf better than a life of mental imprisonment. : - J- Her Wonderful Brain., ; By inheritance, however, she. had a latent brain, which was to prove won derful. Then, when" seven years - old, she ; came under the instruction and influence not only of a master mind but of a character such as is seldom met . with in the person of Miss Anne Mansfield Sullivan (now Mrs. John Albert Macy), who had been in the Perkins Institution .for the Blind, 'but who had regained "her sight-not long before she began to teach 'Helen Kel ler. After her marvellous awakening to language Miss Keller decided to learn to sjeak. and aidedvby Miss Sulivan she has mastered articulation "to the extentof "speaking better than most a you. Your Friends, IN NEW YORK WORLD. other deaf people." She speaks Eng lish, French and German. But Helen Keller has been deprived of two senses, and the vastly most important two. The only avenue to her brain, as concerns language, is through the sense, of , touch, and this has been developed to the highest de gree, - Unfortunately, the diseases that work such havoc as deafness and blindness often leave the brain be low par. Also, very often, the com mencement of instruction is delayed too long. Neither was true in the ca?e of Helen Keller. As she grew and came into the maturity of her splendid brain her heart turned to ward her. fellow beings, and her first thought 'was of the other blind peo ple, infinitely less afflicted than she. Even as a small child she was always most solcitious about "the little blind girlsl'.m the Perkins Institution. Then th3 fight began. She once said to Joseph Jefferson, "I never fight except against difficulties." Here was a difficulty indeed, and she fought and won. Forgetting herself and her own af flictions, she began to interest others in the cause of the babies that lose their sight, and who she knew could be saved from this unnecessary life suffering. For, as she says, "Silence sits immense upon my soul. Then comes hope with a smile and whispers 'There is joy in self-forgetf ulness.' " if By strenuous individual work on her part, private and public, lay and pro fessional interest was aroused. The following strong plea from her pen has been frequently quoted: "In order that this pitiable condi tion be not allowed to continue, two things should be done at once. A cam paign of education should be inaugu rated, and every expectant mother should be made acquainted with the peril which may threaten her child so that shS' may insist that it be pro tected. "Then the state should freely and gratuitously place in the hands of every accouncheur an aseptic silver solution that carries with it the as medical authority as to its necessity, its purity and its safety. "In order that necessary and uni form legislation be secured in every state efforts must be made. The mothers in every state must demand it.- In every cl'ss of society the wo men should know of the cause and dangers of this disease." There fol lowed a literal awakening. The New York Association fox the Blind secured money enough to ena ble a committee to carry: on the work of prevention, in the state. A com mission "was appointed 'by the New York legislature to investigate the condition of the blind in the state, and reported a large amount of unneces sary blindness resulting from the neg lect of new-born infants' eyes. Then came the report nf the com mittee of the" American Public Health Association on ophthalmia neonato rum and its prevention, as a result of which thV New York State Depart ment of Health has gone into and systematized the details and tech nique , of the prophylaxis and treat ment most thoroughly. . " i A few months ago every physician in the state received -a circular letter giving information as to ophthalmia neonatorum and "asking the practition er to sign a pledge to give the silver solution treatment to every new-born infant's eves in his practice, and to 'disseminate the information contained among all having to do with newly born children. vv . s . : ' And now has . come the crowning achievement in this campaign of sight saving. ' , v The ; state department ' of health is furnishing the prophylactic solution recognised as an almost certain pre ventive agent for -this disease under the following conditions: Outfits have bsen prepared containing a small yial holding an amount of one per cent solution of nitrate of silver sufficient for use on one new-born child, a ster ilized "dropper" and bulb especially adapted -for making the application 'A n 9 & of this solution, and th? necessary di rections for the use of the preventive agent. As the leaflet in the little tin tube says: "These outfits arc being sent to the health officers of the cities, villages and towns throughout the state, and can be obtained by any physicjan from these officials without charge." Compare the two paragraphs in quo tations in this article and see what Helen Keller has done. They tell the story. .Although Helen Keller, with charac teristic modesty, refuses to accept the credit for all this, it is nevertheless true that if it had not been for her initiative and following up work the great mass would be back to the timo of cruel carelessness, and the brilliant, experiments of Crede, the celebrated obstretrician of Leipzig, whose work brought out the silver solution treat ment, would have gone for naught for many years. POLITICAL CHAT. Reported That Republicans Are Get tings Ready for Active Campaign In Forsyth Tom Settle To Get A Good Jcb Change In Democratic Plan of Organization. "Isn't it getting time for the Demo crats of Forsyth to begin thinking about ccrraling their forces for the next campaign?" asked an euthusiastic member of the party from the country' last week. It is reported that the Republican leaders are writing letters to the town ship chairmen advising them to get busy, telling them that with a thorough organization the party can sweep the county next fail. It is not secret that the Republicans are wscrking quietly from one election to another, while the Democrats "rest on their oars" and take too much for granted that things will come their way in due time. Failure to elect ev ery man on the- ticket two years ago was partially the result of failure to se cure a working organizati-n in the va-' rious townships. The1 Democratic lead ers may rest assured that the opposi tion is at wo'iik while the' Democrats are idle. Tom Settle to Land. It is announced that Tom (Settle, one of the brainiest men in the Republi can party in North Carolina, is to Se cure a berth at last. Tcm is well known in this city, having made sever al campaign speeches here in behalf of himself and other candidates for of fice. The Salisbury Post says it gets it straight that Mr. iSettle will, within a few days be named an assistant to the attorney general or the United States, a position calling for a high or der of ability and icarrying a; salary of $5,000 a year. Mr. 'Settle's name has been coupled with the' district attorneyship icf the Western North Carolina district, but it appears that both President Taf t and Attorney General Wickersham were so impressed with th& .repneseoitations concerning him and with his personal ity that they decided he should have a berth carrying more prestige. Should no break in the present plans occur M'iv Settle's appointment will be made before the first of March. Changes in Plan or Organization. iState Chairman A. H. Bller returned last Friday from Raleigh, where he attended a conference of several lead ing members of the Democratic party. It was decided to recommend to the full state committee, which he will call to meet in about thirty days, im-. portant changes in the party's plan of organization so as to provide for hold ing precinct meetings on a common day the same system as to primaries and county conventions. Some of the tomnrittee feel that" -the solution of the question will be the Enactment of a legalized primary law, but this will befor the whple committee to rec ommend, if it ..sees proper, as of course1, it requires legislative action. '- The) other great change in the plan of organization . which, the special committee; -will recommend will be the adoption of the direct primary plan as the county executive committee may determine, endeavoring 'to meet condi tions. The special committtee has not yet fully completed its work, but will continue it at honte and when it is per fected the report to the whole commit tee will be made. . Subscribe for Tho Sentinel $1.00.