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The western sentinel. [volume] (Winston-Salem, N.C.) 1887-1926, May 25, 1920, Image 1

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WESTERN
SENTINEL
NOTICE Ail lubicrlpliom to The genii -rcl
ar discontinued promlyly at expira
tion data. Watch your label and renew
promptly to Insure prompt and efficient
ervlce. I
Subscription Price
$1.50 per Year
Published Tuesdays and Friday!
WINSTON-SALEM, N. C, TUESDAY, MAY 25, 1920
Sixty-Sixth Year
T
BY
Roads. Claim They Must Raise
Over a Billion By Freight In
crease To Stay in Business
THEIR POSITION STATED
Returns At Present Wot Suflieicnt To
Attract Capital, As Fe w Roads
Can CJompote With Indus
y trial In Dividends; Claim
- . Situation Serious
Washington, May 24. The $1,
,017,000,000 additional revenue,
which the rallrouda arc seeking
thru .increased freight rates, does
rot take into account any increase
in wages which the railroad labor
board may' grant the 2,000,000 rail
way employes, Howard Elliott, of
the Association of . Railway Execu
tives, stated today before the In
terstate Commerce Commission, ,
Washington, May 24. Represen
tatives of every interest concerned
in the operation of the country's
railway system, as well as the pub
lic, were here today for the open
ing of the hearing by the Interstate
Commerce Commission hearing on
applications for increased freight
rates. The road owners have claimed
thht In order to meet the situation,
it will be necessary to increase-the
earnings of all the roads by $1,017,
000,000. To provide this sum the carriers
have recommended that rates In the
Eastern group of roads be increased
110.4 per cent, those in the South
I10.D and those in the Western group
"39
Method of fixing the valuation of
the railroad properties, on which
the government guarantee will be
based, will be one of the questions
threshed out at the hearings. All
interested parties will be given an
opportunity to present their claims,
both as to the proposed increases in
rates and the valuation problem.
Howard Elliott, chairman of the
sub-committee of the general rate
committee of the Association of
Hallway Executives, was called to
open the case for the carriers.
Increase in freight laics of 30.43
per cent in Eastern territory, 30.95
in the Southern territory and 23.91
per cent in Western territory "to
meet the difference between the six
' per cent returns on property returns,
permitted under the transportation
act," were advocated hero today by
Howard Elliott, chairman of the
sub-committee of the general rate
committee of' the Association of
Railway Executives, in a statement
'before the , Interstate Commerce
Commission.
Mr. Elliott pointed out that In the
Raster!! territory roads for the year
Midhm . October 31, returned on
nrniinrtv investments "less than
;ne-flfth of one per cent." In the
Hmithern territory, he said, the re
turns were less than three-fourths
of one per cent, ..and in the western
territory slightly .more than two per
cent. Koi ihe country as a whole,
the return was said to have been
slightly more than one per cent
- Under the conditions of private
ownership and operations of rail
roads "with governmental regula
tion, protection and encourage
ment," Mr. Elliott said, "the rail
roads must obtain hearings enough
to meet an u'wbhuuiih ""
sufficient credit to sustain them In
competition with other forms of in
dustry into which people put their
time, brains, energy and money."
Under the new transportation act,
he said, the two pressing questions
now under discussion by the Inter
state Commerce Commission and the
newly created labor board are the
requests for wage increases, exceed
ing $1,000,000,000 a year, and an
additional $1,017,000,000 needed by
the railroads to meet the present
basis of "wages, costs, Interests and
payment of dividends, improve
ments, etc."
"Now there is congestion and dif
ficulty everywhere," said Mr. Elliott.
"Fuel, building materials and raw
niaterlats-sfor manufacture aro tied
up and industry is threatened and
the sluggish movement of grain and,
food of all kinds makes the feeding
of our people more difficult and
more costly." c ,,
Mr. Elliott declared that the rail
road operators 'were just as de
sirious of obtaining a fair adjust
ment of wages for their 2,000,000 or
more men, us they receive the in
creased revenues. He said "there is
man-power," brain-power, courage,
common sense and vision enough in
the country to succeed if all will
pull together, work long and hard,
and eliminate selfishness, waste and
extravagance." (
In justification 'of the railroads'
position, he said that thof. price of
transportation had not increased
nearly so much as the cost of pro
duction. Expenses had gone up at
least 100 per cent; while revenues
had increased less than 40. per cent.
He referred to conditions in Euro
pean countries,""- where, he said,
freight rates had been raised as
follows: .
England, 71 per cent; France, 140
per cent; Belgium, .100 per cent;
Italy, 40 to 100 per cent; Poland,
70 to 140 per cent; Sweden, 200 per
cent; Norway, 150 per Cent,
"The transportation act," said Mr.
Elliott, "in fixing the rate of return
at 5V4 and 6 per cent for a two
year period might have been suf
ficient in the past, but Is wholly In
adequate to meet the present situa
tion. The cost of new capital )n tlis
United States today, as U well
known, is In excess lof 7 per cent.
The Bank of England discount rate
1a now 7 per cent, a rate which only
seven times In the history of that
old institution has ever reached
that level."
In expressing the desire of the
railroads to help the labor board
and the Interstate Commerce Com
mission In reaching fair and equit
able conclusions, Mr. Elliott ;aid
that the otfWrs of the companies,
as quasi serva.its, realize their part
in adjusting the great questions be
fore both bodies. They desire an
adjustment of rates that would
meet the letter and spirit of the
new law, make the railroads sclf
susjalnlng and relieve the treasury
of the United plates from the ne
cessity of constant appropriations.
BANK ROBBED
OF $15,000 CASH,
- $100,000 IN BONDS
Pittsburgh, May 21. The
First National Bank at Fin.
leyvllle, Ta., near here, was
held up and robbed shortly af
ter noon by six men, who es
caped, according to word - re
lieved here by the police. The
bandits arc said to have escap
ed with $100,000 In bonds and
securities and $15,000 In cash.
The cashier, who was the only
man In the bank at the time, Is
reported to novo been knocked
unconscious and locked in the
vault while the Institution was
rifled. A sheriff's posse has
gone In pursuit.
HON ARMY
DIEieilY
Decide To Close Campaign That
Night; Horse, the Gift of a
Friend, Be Sold Tomorrow
The Salvation Army homo service
fund drive In this city and county
wilt close Tuesday lght While
the quota Is yet far from com
plete, those In charge of the work
are truly grateful for what has been
subscribed.
All" who expect to contribute to
the campaign aie urged to send
checks to George Whitaker, of the
Wachovia Bank & Trust Company
before Tuesday night. Subscrip
tion cards may, bo seatired at the
tent on the courthouse square.
The. horse presented by Miss
Julia Chaffln, 513 West Sixth street,
to the Salvation Army to aid in the
honied-service drive, will be sold at
auction on the courthouse square
Tuesday at 12:30 o'clock. The entire
proceeds will go into the campaign
treasury. "
Prior to the sale the horse will
be paraded thru the principal street)
in order to attract attention to the
sale and to the Salvation Army drive.
ANTI-SUFFRAGETTES
COME TO THIS, STATE
Two From Baltimore and One From
Georgia At Raleigh To Oppose
Amendment When It Comes; I'p .
Baltimore, May 24. To pave the
way for a Jegislatlve fight, 'against
the woman suffrage amendments
which come up ,iu,-Karth Carolina
next July, Mrs. Rufus M. Gibbs,
president of the M!d-Association,op-
posed to woman s Suffrage; Mrs
W. P. B. Wipe, local vico president,
and Mrs, Walter Lamar, of Georgia,
also, vice president, left last night
for Raleigh.
The antl-suffragists will stay a
week aiding state organization lead
ers to fight the measure when It
comes up for ratification. Thoir
work at present will be of "mis
sionary" character. Mrs. Lamar has
just come from New York and has
been active in lighting suffragists
in the other states. William L. Mar
bury, legal adviser, will go to Ral
olgh when the legislature meets.
PRESBYTERIAN BODY
FAVORS UNION PLAN
The Committee's Proposal Received
Unanimous Vole ofApprovaI of
The Southern Church
Charlotte, N. C, May 24. The
plan of union proposed by the joint
committee on closer relations of the
assemblies of the 'Southern and
Ndrthern Presbyterian Churches,
was adopted without a dissenting
vote at the session of the assembly
here today. This plan was pre
sented by the moderator at the
opening of the morning session,
which was carried over front last
week as unfinished business and
when he asked for debate, no op
position was offered.
The Northern assembly has not
acted on the question of, union pro
posed, but will take some action on
it at the asembly meeting in Phil
adelphia, now being held. ,
Friends of organizations of the
two bodies assert that the plan
unanimously adopted by the assem
bly this morning, will result victor
iously for them.-while the opposition
is equally insistent that the plun
proposed meanB no more than a mere
federation, that relations between
(ho two bodies will be closer, but
that the mergence ofthe two bodies
into a single denomination will not
have been brought about.
The Northern assembly has not
acted on the question of union pro
posed, but will take some action on
It at the assembly meeting in Phil
adelphia, now being held.
Friends of organizations of the
two bodies assert that the plan unan
imously adopted by the assembly this
morning will result victoriously for
them, while the opposition is equally
Insistent that the plan proposed
means no more than a mere federa
tion, that religions between the two
bodies will be closer, but that the
mergence of the two bodies into a
single denomination will not have
been brought about.
RAILROAD MEN SEEKING
TO jtELIEVK CONGESTION
Washington, May 24. Thirty lo
cal committees, located at all the
principal "rail gateways," were at
work today surveying their individ
ual freight problems with a view
to recommending to the Interstate
Commerce Commission, a policy to
be followed In the future relating to
priorities and embargoes.
In the meantime the general ex
change of equipment to commence
tomorrow is expected to ease the
congestion of the roads to a certain
extent. Railroad officials, however.
are of the opinion that weeks of co
operation between the commission,
the roads and shippers would bo ne
cessary to bring about normal eon-1
ditlons,
KILLED WHEN AUTO
OVER HIGH CLIFF
Auto Plunged Over 300-Foot
Embankment Killing Man,
Wife, 2 Babies, Passenger
Ashevllle, May 21. Roy Runnion
a Madison county farmer, his wife
and their two babies were killed late
yesterday near Hot Springs when
tneir autimooiie plunged over, a
steep embankment . on a mountain
curve.
Jeter W. Massey, a passenger.was
also killed. The accident occurred
when Runnion driving the car, tried
to pass another machine on the
curve. , He drove too close to the
outer embankment and the machine
toppled over about 300 feot. Frank
Runnion, six-year-old bo, had a
miraculous escape.
He remained in the car and es
caped with minor Injuries.
SECRETARY M'FARLAND
ADDRESSES CONFERENCE
Methodist Frtotcstanls Get Report
On Work ot Federated Council of
Churches in America
Greensboro, N. C, May 24. Elec
tion of a secretary and reports of
general church boards was the prin
cipal business facing the quadren
nial general conference of the
Methodist Protestant church when
it began the first session of its fourth
day's work here this morning with
Rev. Thomas H. Lewis, president of
Western Maryland College, Balti
more, who was chosen president of
the conference ItUo Saturday after
noon, presiding.
Rev. Charles S. McFarland,' of
New York, general secretary of the
Federal Council of the Churches of
Christ In America,' is scheduled to
deliver two addresses before the con
ference today, one this morning, the
other this afternoon. At the morn
ing session he will report on the
work of the council as it relates to
the churches represented in the
council, with especial reference to
the Methodist Protestant Church.
The federal council of the churches
of Christ in America is an organiza
tion by which 1'e churches t co
ordinate their efforts in various ac
tivities, and the address of Dr. Mc
Farland is expected to have an effect
upon some of thS" policies to be
adopted by the conference.
Rev. Charles II. Beck, D. D of
Pittsburgh, secretary of the general
conference of the Methodist Prot
estant church since 1008, was elected
secretary-treasurer of tho conference
on the first ballot at its session here
today. The vote stood: Dr. Beckrj
94; DeWItt Bates, of Hendorson,57;
Rev. T. C. Williams, of Texas, one;
Dis. George Brown,' on. he con
ference made the election -of Dr.
Beck unanimous.
Rev. C. W. Bctts, of Henderson,
N. C.,was appointed assistant secre
tary by Dr. Beck. Rev Cates A.
Johnson, of Columbus, O., was un
animously elected statistical secre
tary. INVESTIGATORS ARE
ON TRAIL OF SMOOT
Inquiry Into Sugar Concern In Which
lit! Is Interested Leads .To His .
Issuing a Statcmclit.
Washington, May 24. Charges
that a fedoral trade commission in
vestigation of the Utah-Idaho sugar
company was being used in an ef
fort to defeat him for re-election,
were made in the senate today by
Senator Smoot, Republican, of Utah.
Altho Senator Smoot said he had
only a nominal stock interest in the
company, he declured the commis
sion's activities were being directed
against his political Interests.
"No one can object to any action
that can be taken to control or
regulate the lawful distribution of
sugar," said Senator , Smoot, "but
When any department of the, .gov
ernment undertakes to secure, the
defeat or election of a United States
senator thru the investigation of
the affairs of a sugar company, it
is time that such a contemptible
practice' be called to, the attention
of the public." v
BOLSHEVIKI AND POLES
IN TERRIBLE FIGHTING
Soviets Attacking In Waves Along
00-Milo Front and Fiercest r ight
ing Is In Progress Everywhere
Warsaw, May 23. The BolshWiki
are attacking in waves on the north
ern lighting front In a thrust to break
the Polish lines and on.cn communi
cation with cast Prussia. The fierc
est fighting in months is raging along
the 90-mile battlefield. Villages are
changing hands daily and the lines
are swaying to and fro. .
ULTIMATUM HAS BEEN
SERVED ON GEN. VILLA
Given Until May 25 To Decide
Whether He Will Bo At, Peace or
War With New Government
Aboard Special Train of General
Callcs, La Floria, Coahulla, May 22,
(Via El Paso, May 24.) The de
facto authorities of Mexico' have
served an ultimatum upon Francisco
Villa, giving him until May 25 to de
cide whether he Is to be at peace or
at war with the new government,
General Ellas P. Calles announced
late today.
FIVE INJURED IN HOTEL
FIRE AT PATERSON. N. J.
Paterson, N. J., May 24. -Five
persons are in hospitals with minor
injuries received in jumping from
upper floors of the Manhattan hotel
In Market street Where flames drove
200 guests Into the streets In their
night clothes early today. The hotel
was destroyed, causing a loss esti
mated at from $150,000 to $200,000.
The origin of the fire is unknown.
Price-Cutting Move Hits Newborn
Newbern, N. C, May 24. The
price cutting wave reached New
bern today, the owners of the larg
est department store in this section
of the slate placing its million dol
lar stock on sale at prices ranging
from 20 to 30 per cent reduction.
BIG BLOCKADE PLANT
NEAR THE CITY
Old Negro Woman Told Officers
It Had Been Running Since
Last March
A blockade distillery was located
by officers Saturday afternoon in a
tobacco barn about two miles north
east of the fairgrounds. Reports
had been coming from that section
for several days about large quanti
ties of whiskey being distributed
thru various sources, so the officers
decided to see if they could find the
source from whence the "stuff''
came. . -'
Chief of Police . A. Thomas,
cers Pence and Henderson, r v s
S. Deputy Collector C. F. DyA 4 .
left tho city shortly after i-V jt
urday, expecting to find V a ' iery
on a branch In that r ? After
searching for some t' ' , aband
oned hope of find1 . outfit and
several members arty return
ed to their aut' . Chief Thom
as and Office' vson took a dif
ferent coursy , . led by a tobacco
barn.' As thK. assed the barn the
chief got a wn.ff of something that
smelled like still beer. An invest
igation revealed the fact that all
holes in the barn had been covered
and the door was locked. The oth
er members of tire party were sum
moned and tho lock was broken. A
complete outfit for making whiskey,
the copper still, worm, etc., was all
there. Including about one hundred
gallons of beer. The beer was pour
ed out and the tubs destroyed. The
still and fixtures were brought to the
city.
A colored woman living close by
the tobacco barn told the officers
the Etifl had been running since
March. She also told them that
somebody came there Friday even
ing and put some molasses in the
beer. Indications are that a run
would have been made Saturday
night, thus affording a quantity of
"mean liquor" for distribution Sun
day. Fl
Dr. Wyatt To Be In Charge;
Will Be Held At Y. W. C. A.;
Colored Clinic Also to Open
The city health department will
open ite second annual baby clinic
at the If, W. ,C. A. building tomor
row afternoon. Dr. Worthman Wyatt
is physician in charge of tho clinic,
assisted by Misses Mooso and Far
row, city nurses.- Tho clinic will be
open from three to four o'clock on
Tuesday and Friday afternoon dur
ing the summer months. Motrin's
are invited to brjog their babif t
the clinic on the days and between
tne nours mentioned to' have them
weighed and examined, and receive
free advice as to their methods of
feeding and caring for their children.
Dr Wyatt was in charge of the
clinic last year, and did a splendid
work, the clinic being tho means of
saving several lives which otherwise
would probably have been lost to
the community.
, Colored Clinic Also
Dr. Carlton states that a clinic for
colored babies will also bo conduct
ed at Hanes Institutional church on
Highland avenue. Dr. Wyatt will al
so be in charge of this clinic, assist
ed by Nurses Cunningham and Jones,
colored. Mothers of tho colored ba
bies of the city are invited to bring
their children to the clinic and regis
ter them and place them under the
advice of these two skilled nurses.
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
MAY DISCONTINUE AID
Dr. Carlton Hopes Those Interested
in Health Affairs Will Get In
Touch With Congressmen
Considerable anxiety Is being felt
by those interested in the control of
venereal diseases by the statement
from Washington that the appropri
ation included in the sundry civil
bill for distribution among the states
to carry, on this work (that amount
being less than half the appropri
ation for the past two years) was
stricken from the bill at its first
reading. Sinco. the stato appropria
tion for venereal disease control
work is contingent upon a duplicat
ed dollar from the federal depart
ment it is feared that this work will
have to be stopped In the state.
Winston-Salem hag been participat
ing in this fund for the past year or
more, and the reports of tho city
health department for last year
shyy that 63!) cases were treated,
more than ,2,700 treatments being
administered.
Dr. Carlton views the situation
precipitated by tho report from
Washington as very grave, and re
quests those who appreciate the val
ue of this work to write Senators
Overman, Simmons and Represen
tative Stedman, urging careful con
sideration of the matter. "The work
is just getting under wuy and to
curtail or abandon it now would
mean a serious financial and econo
mic loss to the nation as well as the
state," says Dr. Carlton.
FUNERAL SERVICES FOR
RAY L. LANGSTOX M'XDAY
The funeral services for Ray L.
Langston, a young man who was
drowned last Friday at Cooleemee,
when he was pushed Into Little
Yadkin river by a box car, the de
ceased being an employe of the
Southern Railway, was held Sunday.
A brief service was conducted from
the home, 230 Cleveland avenue, at
12:30 in tho afternoon. The remains
were then borne to their last rest
ing place at Jerusalem Baptist
church graveyard, Davie-, county,
where the regular service was held,
conducted by Rev. V. M. Swaim and
Rev. J. T.'Byrum. The pallbearers
were members of the llarnea class
Of Cleveland Avenue Baptist Sunday
school, they being s follows: L. U.
Blakely, L. M. Bmchctle, J. W. Mo
Gee, Robert Mathews, E. L. Harris
and Percy Ulaylock. The flower
bearers were from the B. Y. P. U. of
the same church. Mr. Langston was
an honored member of both organizations.
PRESIDENT ASKS FOR
AUTHORITY TO TAKE
Wilson Tells Congress He Be
lieves the American People
Are Willing To Do This
CONGRESS ALONE CAN SAY
Also Tells Congress That He Has
Accepted the Allim Request That
He Determine and Fix the
Boundary Lines Of Tliat
Country
Washington, May 24. President
Mlson today asked authority from
congress for the United States to
accept a mandate over Armenia.
The president told congress that
ne thought the wish of the Anier
lean people was that the United
States should become the manda
tory for Armenia.
Referring to tho request of the
ullied supreme council that the
Lnited States also settle the boun
dary of Armenia, the president said
ne thought it was his duty "to ac
cept this difficult and delicate
task."
. Notice that the president would
name a commission to fix the boun
dary lines was given to the council
of ambassadors at Paris last Satur
day by Ambassador Wallace.
ALEXANDER MARRIES
THE GIRL OF HIS CHOICE
Report Has It That He Casta Aside,
Royal Princesses To Marry Girl He
Loved In Ills Boyhod' Days
Paris, May 24. King Alexander
of Greece is reported here to have
been married morganatically to
Mme. llanos, daughter of a former
aid-de-campe to his father, King
Constantino. The Greek legation in
Paris has refused to confirm or de
ny this report.
King Alexander's marriage Is
said to have been tho culmination
of a boyhood friendship and oc
curred before he was in a direct line
to the throne and while his chances
for succeeding Ina father appeared
most remote.
The king and his wife are living
at the same hotel here and yester
day went to Versailles, whore they
lunched together and visited the
gardens.
Reports here impute the' king's
visit to Paris to a desire on the part
of Premier Venczelos of Greece to
divorce the king from his morganat
ic wife so that he may marry a prin
cess of royal blood. The king is
said to, have left Athens quite in
accord' with .his premier's point of
view, but is said to havo undergone
a change of mind since his arrival
here.
Th" marriage ceremony, It Is as
sort- wiis nerformed bv a Driest
Of 'iiS G"-rfiorf.9i, 4t m't
recorded with the metropolitan 'Of
Athens, tho supremo ecclesiastical
uuthority in Greece. This is tho ex
planation for the fact that no rec
ord of the ceremony is available.
HUNGARY PREPARING
TO ACCEPT INEVITABLE
Nowspopers Hreaking News Gently
To the People That Allied Peace
Terms Are To Bo'Acceptcd
Budapest, May 23. Publication of
the Hungarian government's answer
to the peace conference, in which it
declared it would sign the treaty of
peace, has been withheld until
Monday night, and the public is ig
norant of the government's Inten
tion. Newspapers were asked not to
print this news because it. would af
fect tho festivities incident to Whit
Sunday. In the meantime editorials pre
paring the public for unpleasant
news are being printed in leading
newspapers. They declare Hungary
Is under compulsion and cannot op
pose the big powers, and assert that
neighboring countries are concen
trating troops along the frontiers.
Police garrisons have been reinforc
ed in case the news results in out
breaks. NORFOLK'S POPULATION
IS GIVEN AS 115,777
This Is An Increase of 48,325, or 71.6
Per Cent Over 1910; Passes
Several of Her Rivals
Washington. May 21. Norfolk,
whose population for 1 s2 0 was an
nounced today by the census, bureau
as 115.577, an Increase of 48,31!.",, or
71.6 per cent, has passed Albany,
N. Y Lowell, Mass., Wilmington,
Del., Spokane, Wash., Kansas City,
Kas., Lynn Mass., Tacoma, Wash.,
Elizabeth, N. J.. Utiea, N. Y., Sche
nectady, X. Y., Evansvllle, Ind., and
Manchester, N. H all of which
places were larger in 1910.
Norfolk is the eleventh city thus
far in 1920 which has risen in the
100,000 class.
Clerk's Positions Are Vacant
Savannah, May 24. The ultima
tum of the Central of Georgia Rail
way to the striking clerks which
stated that if they did not return to
work by noon today their places
would be declared vacant, was dis
regarded by the clerks. The Central
officials have declared the places
vacant and announced they will take
steps to fill them with new clerks.
Wildulr Wins Big Race
New York, May 24 Wlldalr, own
ed by Harry Payne Whitney, won
the historic Metropolitan Handicap
at Belmont Park today. Thunder
clap was second and On Wutch,
third. The time was 1.38 4-5. The
betting against WildailN was 1 1 to
10.
Many Injured In Explosion
Pittsburg, May 24. More than a
score of persons were injured and
several are reported missing as the
result of an explosion which blew
up two buildings at 205 penn ave
nue here this morning and duniuged
several buildings nearby.
Hydroaeroplane ' Found.
New York, May 24. A hydro-neropla-no
marked "No. 280" was
picked up at sea today off Scotland
LightMiip by the steam pilot boat.
New York. The hydroacrnpl iiie was
upside down and there were no trace
of any occupants,
TO
I
Distinguished Californian Cer
tain To Be Heard By Large
Crowd In This City
Senator Hiram Johnson, of Cali
fornia, one of the leading candidates
for the Republican presidential nom
ination, will speak in this city on
Thursday night in the interest of
his candidacy.
The visit of the distinguished sen
ator is being looked forward tofwith
much interest, not only by the .mem
bers of his own party, but also by
the entire citizenship, as the sen
ator is one of the most Important
men before the public today.
Senator Johnson, is after the North
Carolina vote in the Chicago con
vention, and, according to many, he
is the choice of the rank and file
of the party in this state. Being one
of ex-President Roosevelt's staunch
est followers, he naturally will have
the backing of the Roosevelt, or
progressive, element, and it will be
remembered the late president was
the first choice of a majority of the
Republicans of this state. The Cali
fornian is not in much favor with
the old-line leaders of the party, and
if left to them to decide, .be will
have a slim chance of winning out,
but his followers are confident he
will capture the North Carolina vote
if the voters of the Republican party
participate in the primary to any
considerable extent.
The coming of the senator, as
above stated, will be a big political
event, and it is certain that an Im
mense crowd will hear him in' this
city.
FRENCH PRESIDENT FELL
' FROM HIS CAR WINDOW
Rolled Out pf W indow While Asleep,
But Injuries Received Only Slight;
Had To Walk Ixing Distance
' Montargis, France, May 24. Paul
Deshaniel, president of the French
republic, fell from a window of his
train when it was a short distance
from here last night. The train
was moving at the time but after
his fall, M. Deshanel walked a mile
and a quarter in the darkness unl'I
he met a track worker.
The workman accompanied the
president to a signal station nearby
and telephoned to this city for an
automoijde which arrived within
half an hour.
When he approached the track
worker, tho Injured man said:
"I was on the presidential train
and fell out of it while it was mov
ing. . That wliich will surprise you
more, however, is the fact that I am
Monsieur Deschanei, president of
the republic."
pi. Deschanei upon Jijs arrival
hre-l!elvd' first mettltMl amntioii
some two or three hours afterwtird.
Physicians found he had suffiii-ed no
injurled sufficient to cause' anxiety
altho he was bruised and lacerated.
As a precautionary measure anti
tetanus serum was injected by a sur
geon. .
President Deschanei explained
that he had been unable to sleep in
his compartment of tho private car
in which he was traveling, because
of tho heat and that about 11 o'clock
last night shortly after the train had
pulled out of Montargis, ho tried to
open a window to secure more venti
lation. The window stuck and M. Des
chanei said ho applied all his
strength to open it. Then suddenly,
tho window gave way, nnd he pitch
ed out of the car onto the track in
to the darkness the train going on.
The president had suffered a se
vere attack of grippe baturaay
nicht. and it had been questioned
for a time if the journey to Montbris-
on, where he was to dedicate a mon
ument to Senator Reymound, a
French aviator, who was killed dur
ing the war. should not be cancelled.
The president, however, had insisted
upon making the journey.
It was because ot nis uinesstnai
all the windows of the presidential
compartment had been tightly clos
ed.
At noon today it was announced
here that the president's condition
was as satisfactory as possibly could
be. The doctors had found scnutcn-
es upon his face hands and legs, and
some bruises upon tho body, but no
injury of a serious nature.
JAP FORCES TO REMAIN
SIBERIA "FOR PRESENT
Situation Too Unsettled For With
drawal, According to Announce
ment Made Officially In apun
Tokio. May 20. The situation in
the Far East is still too unsettled tn
permit the withdrawal of Japanese
forces from Siberia, said the im
perial address read by the empress
at the annual meeting of tho Japan
ese Red Cross today.
Continuing the address, she said
the general condition of the world
was such as to make it impossible
to foretell its future development.
"It is therefore highly desirable,"
the address added, "that the society
redouble its efforts in formulating'
plans best uited to the demands of
the times."
Owing to the emperor's illness, the
empress read the address.
PENROSE PLANS TO ATTEND -
RF.rlBLl.CAN CON VliMlUA
Philadelphia, May 24. Senator
Boise Penrose is much better and
will attend the Republican national
convention in Chicago. This state
ment was made at his home here to
aay. It was declared he had suffered
no serious setback In his physical
condition and the reported relapse
was a slight cold he contracted
while motoring last Wednesday. As
a result of the cold Senator Pon
rose was advised to remain In his
homo and also to curtail engage
ments with Republican leaders.
Daiiiroseli is Decorated.
Home, May 2'.l. Water Damrosch,
director of the New York Symphony
Orchestra, which is visiting Rome,
was today decorated with the Order
of the Crown of Italy, receiving the
knighted rank. It was a recognition
from tho king of Mr. Dnmrosch's
masterly gifts as a conductor.
GOVERNMENT
, LOST $900,478,000
ON THE ROADS
Washington, May 24. The
government's gross loss in op
eration of the railroads during
federal control was $900,478,
000, according to the final re
port of Swagger Sherley, rail
road administration director of
finance.
A total of $677,513,000 was
'chargeable directly to the ex
ec! of expenses over revenues
and rentals lor the "class one"
roads Mr, Sherley said. Smaller
lines, sleeping ear companies
and inland waterways added
$15,460,000 to this total.
Judge Harding Delivered the
Charge This Morning, Care
fully Viewing All Evidence
Yairklnville, May 24. The case
charging Robah Baity and Spencer
McNeill with the murder of Sheriff
J. E. Zachery several months ago,
went to the jury today, at 11:30
o'clock, and it is expected that the
members of this body will deliberate
at some length before rendering a
vordlct. Judge Harding began
charging the jury after the conven
ing of the morning sesion. He care
fully reviewed every point of evi
dence in the case and instructed the
Jury to render their verdict accord
ingly. COTTON GRADES, TO BE
LIMITED UNDER LAW
House and Semite, However, Have
Not Reached Agreement As To
Free Distribution of Seeds
Washington, May 24. Cotton
grades would be permanently lim
ited to the ten classifications origi
nally set up by the cotton futures
act, under legislation completed to
day by congress.
The legislation,' jyhich is a rider
to tho regular agricultural appro
priation bill, will be delayed in
reaching the president until senate
and house conferees break the dead
lock over tho provisions for distri
bution of the free seed. By a vote
of 204 to 107 tho house today re
fused to accept the senate provis
ion eliminating the seed and the
bill went back to conference,
Brfnro taking this action, how
Lever the chouse agreed .to- all the
I hi eimf ereto chano In -the
bill including the elimination of the
senate amendment offered by Sena
tor Comer, of Alabama relating to
cotton sales. In place of the Comer
amendment the house had Insisted
that , the ten original cotton grades
bo made permanent, which was
accepted by the senate Saturday.
The ten grades are now in effect
under the war time legislation, as it
was enacted to prevent recognition
of 21 grades established by the agri
culture department.
CARRANZA ONLY ONE
IN HIS PARTY KILLED
His Death a Mystery." Declares
Obrcgon, While Awaiting Report
Committee Looking ln(o Affair
Mexico City, May 24. President
Carranza alone was killed during
the misty morning hours of May 21
in the tiny mountain hamlet of
Tlaxcalantongo, state ot Puebla, it
became known today. First reports
stated that six others met death and
later th?i Was reduced to one, Gen
eral Pascual Morales y 'Molina. It
was confirmed today that the latter
is still alive.
While scores of theories regard
ing Carranza's death are being ac
credited here, among them assassi
nation with intent to discredit the
revolutionary movement and others
in the same category, some even
suggesting suicide, the report of the
commission of investigation sent by
Generals Obregon and Gonzalez is
being awaited with great interest.
"It is a terrible mystery: I can't
explain how it happened, asserted
General Obregon.
The obituary eulogies in tho press
indicate a reaction in popular sontir
ment.
GEN. OBREGON SENDS
MESSAGE TO WILSON
New Government Contemplates Har
monious Relations Willi V. S.; Not
Implicated in Carranza's Death ,
. Washington, May 24. A message
from General Obregon, one of the
chiefs of the new revolutionary gov
ernment in Mexico, assuring Presi
dent Wilson that the revolutionary
regime contemplated the utmost
harmonious relations with the Unit
ed States, was brought to the White
House today by Louis N. Morones, a
Mexican labor leader.
In the name of General Obregon,
Mr. Morones also cave assurances
that the revolutionists could not be
considered directly or indirectly re
sponsible for the killing of the de
posed president, Venustiano Car
ranza. General Obregon and the of
ficers working with him, Mr. Mor
ones said, had been given explicit
orders not to harm President Car
ranza. Mr. Morones was accompanied by
Samuel Gompers.
Fugitive Still at Large
' Fayettevllle, N. C, May 24.
Altho a posse was continuing the
search, George llobbs, alleged lead
er of a gang of negroes who killed
one oflicer and fatally wounded an
other here Friday night, no trace of
the negro had been found tin to
one o'clock this afternoon. Hobbs
was reported as having been .men
near Cumberland Mills, seven miles
from FaveUoville, lant night and
the swamp In which he was said to
have taken refuge was surrounded
by the posse, but a thino senreli of
the place tailed to locate the fugitive.
T
S
Tells Investigating Committee
He Has Had Nothing To Do
With That Part of It ,
KNOWS HOW SOME WENT
For Instance $15,000 Was Spent In
New Jersey and About tU 2.000
Iu Maryland Says Treas
urers Can Give All In
formation Desired s
Washington, May 24. Gov-
ernor Lowden's fund for his
campaign for the Republican
presidential nomination totals
$404,984.78, Including contrlbu
i tions, L. L. Emerson, the gover
nor's. campaign manager, tes
tified today at the senate' in
vestigation Into campaign ex
penses and expenditures.
MrEmerson said Governor
Lowden had first refused to ac
cept any contributions, saying
he would furnish all funds him
self, and he testified that the
governor had ' turned , over to :
him $379,155.75. Contributions
from other sources, ' he said,
totaled $35,825.
Washington, May 24. No evi
dence of extraordinary expenditures
was adduced at the opening today
of the senate's investigation into
presidential pre-convention expenses
and contributions. ,
The largest outlay specifically tes
tilfled to was $15,000. which Frank
H. Hitchcock, one of Major General
Leonard Wood's campaign mana
gers, said had been sent into New
Jersey by tho Wood organization.
Angus MsSween, eastern manager
of Johnson, of California, said hie
candidates sent $13,217 into that
state.
Mr. Hitchcock told the committee
that he could throw little light on
General Wood's campaign finances
and he was not asked asKo contri
butions. Mr. McSween. however.
testified that the total of contribu
tions to Johnson's national organiza
tion was $68,138 while expenditures
had totaled $72,230.
While Mr. Hitchcock and McSween
said that state organizations gather
ed their own funds in many instan
ces, this being true in Michigan and
other atatcs.
Dr. Ralph J. Hershor for Senator
Sutherland, of West Virginia, de
scribed in detail the Wood campaign
in that state, declaring that the gen
eral'u "Invasion" had reminded him
him of un "organiKatiau of a clrcu "
With Wrr an nritriina "
f ?MvrttsV8''. dud J)nly - ju).
rearing himself.
cot wiliam Proctor, of Chicaro.
one of Wood's camnsn'cn man .,,..'
and Eugene Pike, of Cincinnati, have
uKru nuinmonea to appear before the
committee.
Washington, May 24. Frank II
Hitchcock, one of Major Gen: ai
Leonard Wood's caniDalim mana
gers, told a senate investigating com
mittee today that so far as he, knew
tno largest sum spent In any . stat6
by tho Wood organization was $15,.
000 in New Jersey. Ho added thai
the next largest was $12,500 ib
Maryland.
Mr. Hitchcock said that In New
York, as in a number of other states
the "Wood supporters financed theii
own campaign In their own wav,"
without asking assistance from the
Wood campaign committeemen.
Hamilton Kane, Republican na
tional committeeman in New Jersey,
took charge of the Wood expendi
tures in that state, the witness testi
fied, adding that all of the money
used in the state was accounted for
under the direct primary law.
Mr, Hitchcock said he could not
give details as to campaign contri
butions, as it had been understood
that when he joined the Wood organ
ization that he was not to assist in
the financing work. Some individu
als, he said, had sent money to him
direct, but this,, he said, would not
exceed $25,000.
Mr. Hitchcock identified himself
as "ono of the managers of General
Wood's campaign."
"Who are the others?" Chairman
Kenyon asked.
"William C. Proctor Is the general
manager," the witness replied,
"while assistants in charge of va
rious sections include Representa
tive Norman Gould of New York,
Thomas C. Miller and Senator Moses,
of New Hampshire.
"This committee would like to
know the amount of money expend
ed in your campaign, its sources and
who the contributors are," Chairman
Kenyon continued. "Can you give
us that?"
"All that can be obtained," Mr.
Hitchcock answered, "by the treas
urers of the campaign organizations
who have the data. I asked to be
excused from the financing work,
tho some checks were sent to me by
individuals, amounting to not more
than $20,000 or $25,000, I think. All
that I turned over to the treasurers
"All of the campaign contribu
tions have been made thru finance
rcommitte.es in each state. After their
receipt they nave peen turned over
to two treasurers. Horace C. Steb-
bins, in New York, and Elbert A.
Sprugiie. AH of tho expenditures
have been made by checks and a
full record is available.
"Then, in addition, the Leonard
Wood League, vhich has 80,000
members or so ull over the UnitcJ
States, has had an Independent fund
collected in its own way.
"I don't know about that at all,
as I have had no connection with It
or Us expenditure."
"I never set up a contesting dele
gation," said Mr. Hitchcock, adding
that the North Carolina contest de
veloped before he entered the cam
paign. The principal contest he said
is from Georgia, . where the stale
chairman, Roscoe Pickett, is making
a contest. Pickett is one of the
Wood leaders, ' ,
"There have been no other con
tests In the south," said Mr. Hitch
cock, adding timt locul contests be
tween Republican fuctlons favoring
or opposing certain candidates had
developed. t

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