Newspaper Page Text
XII E C OMHOKWEALTH.
Thursday, Jan. 25, 1883. E.E. HILLIARO, Editor. ENTERED AT THE SCOTLAND NECK, N. C. KAIL, HATTER. POST OFFICE AT . AS SECOND-CLASS We know the subject of Revenue and taxation is one of difficulty and hard to be understood, and equitably adjusted so as to bear upon all indus tries and classes alike. And we also know it is the most sensitive subject with which our law makers have to do, and is cilculated to give more general d.ssatisfaction after they have exhausted all their energies in attempting to do justice to every body. Therefore it is not strange, when yre comprehend the real state of the case, with all its bearnings.that such a wonderful political revolution as we had in the last election should have turned the county, 60 to speak, up side down. The wonder is that the people should have submitted to their mas ter's yoke so long with all its bur dens and hardships. The ruling pow er since the war has been the money power combined with the dema gogues and unprincipled men from both of the great sections of the country. And their great object has been to keep themselves in power and fleece the people. This they have most successfully done by crying rebel lion, secession and treason. Hut every good citizen must feel thank ful that these Republican shiboleths have lost their power over the public mind and heart, and that the cry of rebel excites in the minds of honest men a feeling of indignation rather than anger. Thus we see the Hoars, the Haw leys, the Kelleys and the Hales, feel ing around in the dark for some new humbug with which to stifle an hon est public sentiment ana arouse a feeling of hatred against the Democ racy and blind the eyes of the people to their real purposes an'd their un varnished characters. Thus we see Kelly and his band of protectionists exerting all their energies putting into play all their strategical strength to blot out . the internal revenue. Does any sane man believe that these men are moved to this step because of their great love for the people, or because of any virtuous emotions emanating from any true principles of a great soul? Surely not. No man is so stupid. Is their yoke o oppression any more burdensome now than before the November elec tion ? Is there any more necessity for its removal now than then ? Cer tainly not. ' Now we are not ignorant of the fact that a large body of the Democrats of the country are in favor of blotting out entirely the in ternal revenue tax. But never before since the organization of the Repub lican party has it been much less advocated by a leading Republican. But now they are near ly all new converts to this old Dem ocratic doctrine. And in principle, this doctrine is right. But because it is right is not the reason of this Republican summer sault. The true reason of their con version to Democratic doctrine is to blot out at one stroke $150,000,000 of internal revenue, so that the pro tective Tariff system with all its iniquity and abomination can be forced upon the country one genera . tion longer under the pretext of ne cessity. We hope that Democrats will not allow themselves to be caught in this Republican trap, set to catch Democratic fools and idiots. Although we are Democratic from head to foot, we can't possibly see the justice.equity and fair dealiug in exempting whiskey and tobacco from taxation and in keeping a prohibitory Tariff on steel rails, trace chains, all kinds of woollen goods for the express purposes of compelling the consuin ers of these articles to pay the man ufacturers double prices. For this is the purpose, meaning, and result of the protective system. Now, we are in favor of reducing the tax to just half its present amount on whis key and tobacco, and abolishing all other internal revenues. We are also in favor of completely doing away ' with the present system of collecting the internal revenue'. Let the State officers who collect the State taxes, collect the taxes on whiskey and to bacco for the federal government just as the State officers hold the federal elections br federal : officers. By this mode of collecting the inter nal revenue, we would get rid of tbe whole army of plunderers, spies, and election thieves by whom the people are oppressed and intimidated and ballot boxes are made to misrepre . aont. the will of the people. It is the system or mode oi. coneuuug, una tha to vps themselves, that has It A.1 3 bacon eo odiooB xd bominableJto get ; very definite idea of their 1 in the estimation of all decent and respectable citizens. We all know that the expenses of the governme nt must be raised, and that the people who receive the protection of the government must do it. lhen, tne only question is, must the money be paid by that class of our people who use iron, trace-chains, shoes, bats, sugar, woollen ana cotton goods, and the various articles which they con sume, or shall whiskey and tobacco pay au equal share of the expenses of the government ? If we exempt these two luxuries from taxation, then imported goods must bear all the expentes of the government ; and the man who consumes the most of these in clothes, hats, shoes, sugar, &c, bears the greater part of the burden. The national government m . 11 .1 ri A A is not, liKe tne oiaie government, maintained by direct taxation on property, but by indirect taxation on the thousand and one articles imported to this country. And thi3 is right and proper. But the great wronsr is in this, that the tax is so heavy on the articles raised or man CD ufactured in this country, that for eign countries canr.ot afford to pay the taxes and compete with the same article in our markets.and with the pro ducer and manufacturer whose goods are exempt entirely from taxation. To illustrate : the Tariff or tax on steel rails is $27 per ton. Now, the man who makes steel rails in Ameri ca is exempt from this $27 tax, but the men who sends 6teel rails from England here to sell, must pay the United States $27 for that privilege. So we se that the man here can make the consumer of oteel rails pav him a clear profit of $25 per ton over and above the cost of production, and then undersell the man across the waters. The same is true of woollen goods, trace-chains, &c. And this is what protection tariff men call protecting home industry. While the truth is, it keeps from our shores a large quantity of these articles, and compels our people who consume these goods to pay our home manufacturer just such prices as he may dictate. Now if the tax on steel rails were five dollars per ton, other countries could compete with our people in our markets, and would bring fifty times as much rev enue into the treasury. But as the Tariff now stands, hardly any stee! rails are imported, and the American manufacturer gets his own price ; and the result is that tlie people who ship cotton, corn, and goods over Railroads have the bag to hold in the end ; for the more the Railroads have to pay for rails and engines the higher the freights, and the more the consumer has to pay for his goods. So we must confess that we should regret to see the tax on whiskey and tobacco entirely removed. What we would rejoice to see is this, reduce the tax on both to one half what it is now, and change the mode of collection, abolish Dr. Mott and Col. Ike, and substitute the sheriffs of the otate in their stead. Reduce the tax on all imported goods to a strictly revenue standard to that standard which would bring in the most revenue, and bur den the consumer the least. And then to aid the civil service reform. we would be glad to see one-fourth of all the appointees and clerks dis charged from the service and the government run on strictly business principles. We gather from all the investiga tions made in the deDartments at Washington, that at least one fourth of all those fellows could bo dipeus- ed with for the good of the service. Instead of taking from the rjeoole. A - IT as now, $500,000,000 to run this government, we hope that not more than $250,000,000 will be used under . I A .1 - . . . tuts next auministration. wmcn we trust will be Democratic ; and we verily believe that this amount is sumcient to pay all the expenses of this government, if honestly and economically managed. Put the pruning knife in and lop off all these sinecures. Stop all the leaks and and discharge all the inefficient offi cers, and put in their places honest, efficient men, and hold each one, in cluding the President, to a strict, personal accountability ; and in our humble judgment, we believe at least $100,000,000 may be saved to the people. THE LEGISLATURE AS WE SAW IT. It was our privilege as well as pleasure to spend some time in the "City of Oaks" a few days ago, and while there we made a short visit to the Legislature. The people of the State are and ought to be deeply in terested in the Legislature ; and we would recommend that every citizen, who has ; the opportunity, visit that body and see for himself what they are doing. It is not possible for one work by visiting them only once, but even one visit will give a better idea than the nowspapers can convey if not better one that is more impres sive, because one can see and hear for himself. We looked over the assembly and tried to get some idea of their work, general appearance, &c. Well, upon the whole, it is a right business-like looking assembly. The members seemed to be interested in all the dis cussions that came up, especially on the subject of general education. We noticed quite a number of col ored gentlemen in the body, and we hope they ate all able to sustaia themselves in their honored posi tions (?). We were especially struck with the speech of one of these col ored gentlemen. He was rather en thusiastic in his appeal for the diffu sion of knowledge among the masses N. of the people. He took the position that the cause of education was suf fering, and we thought his speech proved it very conclusively, for he said : "De people wants more money for education, an' de don't kcer whar it comes from jest so de git it." Speaker Rose presides with a dig nity which becomes his position, and his readiness in deciding all matters that bring about controversy and dispute among the members, shows that he is perfectly familiar with par liamentary practice at least so far as his position requires. We saw that in the discussion of the bill rel ative to the suvplus in the treasury which might be added to the general school fund, the matter seemed to take a partisan spirit. We think that such a spirit ought to be careful ly guarded against by those into whose hands the people of the State have intrusted the matter of making the laws that shall govern the people, and especially ought there to be har raonv in the legislative halls. Though we are Democratic out and out, we are not blind to the f act that there are those in each party who are not more interested in the general welfare of the State than they arc in sustaining inemseives ana tueir par ty. Sustaining the party is all right and very proper, and is just what we shall at all times raise our voice to do ; but we think it ought to be done pruaentiv, ana partisan wran gles among Legislators is not what we would like to see and hear. The people elect them for busi ness and that is what is expected of them. However, we have no complaint to make and we shall not have, if they will iust do all their work within the sixty days allotted them. THE LEGISLATURE. There have been few measures act ed upon this week of importance to the general public. The bill authoriz ing the board of County Commission ers for Halifax County to levy a spec ial tax to pay off the old school ord ers and other old debts of the countj', will probably be reported favorably and pass witout much opposition. Its main features are to give the board of County Commissioners authority to fund the County debt in bonds bearing six per cent, interest, paya- oie one, two, ana turee years, we think, with power to pay a special tax, if necessary, to provide for the payment of the bonds at maturity. We will give the bill. in full when published. We alluded iu a previous issue to the introduction of a bill to establish a new Township in Halifax County, to be called Roanoke. We stated that it related to the upper part of the county. We have since learned that it is in this part of the connty The proposed line'commen ces on Roamoke river at IVlr. J. N. Smith's farm, thence along the Scot land Neck road to Kehukee Swamp, thence down the swamp to the nver. This line will take in parts of Cale donia and Palmyra Townships. . We have information that the bill will not be acted upon until the sen- tuuents ot the Townships are known. The electi n of magistrates to till tbe places of those whose terms ex. pire will ia:ie place about the first of Febuary, yre believe. There will be two vacaur -ts in this and Palmyra Township? each. The people should meet, agrc : on tue men and send up ; their uauit? i. ! ST. MA RY'S SCHOOL. TW: KA : TER TERM, the 82d Semi Annuu Session of St. Mary's School, will begin J. .nuarv 25. 18S3. For cata logue and ot ler information address the Rector, REV. BENNETT SMEDES. Jan. 18, '2 lm. Nervous Exhaustion, ZPrMmature Decay, Loss of Memory. Anfso-pazp Cloth-bound Book of wht lesome A.dvic ! M V ing Men, by a Kegular lhvsician. R?"T C Dee on receipt of two tiiree-cenl gsr. '.". J " &C stamps. Address Th !i ALTH JOURNAL. MILWAUKEE. WIS. It S WHERE ALL ELSE EAfLS. t jDghSyrnp. Tastgood. IS E3 J. B. DUNN & CO. AT B. Josey's Old Stand- :o: TTTE want to tell vou a few facts. VY Listen and govern yourself accord-, ingly. We have recently bought a stock j of goods at 31) cts less in the dollar than i they can be bought North. In conse queiice we can sell them to you at 25 cts in the dollar less than any merchant in town and make just as much profit. WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF LADIES' FANCY GOODS, SILKS, RIBBONS, HAMBURG EDGINGS. Together with all kinds of w r rmm w-x W JlTJbi(jrUUJLJ usually kept in a fisrt-class store. A FULL LINE OP WORSTED DRESb GOODS at prices lower than ever before seen here. Ladies' Hats at less than they can be bought North. HATS, BOOTS, SllOnS, CLOTHING. TIN and TABLEWARE, Qen - t;S Furnishing Goods- All Kinds of GROCERIES, &c, &c, &c. always on hand. Be sure to cll and see us. We will do what we say. Jan. 11, 19 3m. Dr. R. M. Jolnisori, ttftttm mental gyOffioc over Bryan & "Whitehead's rug store. Scotland Neck, N Office hours from 8 to 5 o'clock. C. NSIONS for Snldiers.Widows. Paren J and Children. Any uiscc, lions appropriated and work- .! force doubled. Prompt work and homes made happy. Fee uimau.. ...-riinrrieri. now entitled diinnfj ''0;APL'T:"'""V;?VipDeili6E cases. BOUNTY Back Pay and Discharges procured. Dcscrurs entitled to lanks& bounty table. N. W. FITZCERALD & CO, nsion. Pat-.nt & Land Attys. wasnin.tun.-v w ,-5the:s- UGhjRUNNlNG It WW u,NEWH0MEa SEWING MACHIIIE CO- r1 CHICAGOJLL. ' ORANGE, MASS. , AND A I LAW IAt OA. j. JL. ai'uJMii, Jiaieign, n. o. DOLISO. W1IIXI?IIEAI, f TONSORAL ARTIST, I Main St. Near 10th. I KEEP a first-class house and sharp razors. The patronage of mv old customers and the public generally so licited, batisiaction guaranteed. iive m a call. II II SIMPLE S I 1 IS WAKE SPRING TERM BEGINS JANUARY Uth. FOR CATALOGUES Up With the Times ! TVTEW GOODS RECEIVED DALLY.. 1I Every Article a specialty. LATEST STYLE SILK FRINGES, TRIMMINGS, $C. TO MATCH. ZEPHYER AND OTHER FANCY SHAWLS AND CLOAKS. Men's and Boy's Clothing. Hand and Custom made BOOTS 1 SHOES TRUNKS AND VALISES. Fresh Confectionaries- Patapsco and other brands of Family Flour. Agent for the celebrated Econo mist Oil Cooking Stove. Remington im proved Sewing Machines, and the great Electric Magnetic Battery. 8-WILL NOT BE UNDERSOLD ."a Thanks to our patrons for past favors. M. D. ALSBROOK, Scotland Neck, N. 0. GRAND OPENING OF and Winter Goods Fall -AT- N. B. J0SEY & CO'S NEW STORE. We are daily receiving our large and complete stock of goods recently purchas ed in the Northern markets. We defy any house to undersell us. Our stock of DR Y GOODS, NO TI0NS, FANCY GOODS, BEADY-MADE CL01M, LADIES CLOAKS, BOOTS AND SHOES, TRUNKS, HARDWARE, TINWARE, WOOD & WIL LOW WARE, QUEENS WARE AND GROCERIES, was never so large as now. We call special attention to our MILLINERY DEPARTMENT, which in point of stj-le, quality and prices, has never been equalled in this place. This branch will be conducted by an accomplished and competent lady from Baltimore, Mis. Perkins. Any one buying goods in this market willlind that they can save money by calling to see us beore purchasing else- wnere, DRESS GOODS A SPECIALTY- Respectfully Yours, N. B. JOSEY & CO. THE MOST COMPLETE STABLES EAST OF THE W. & W. R. R. HORSES and MULES always on hand, and warranted as represented. Also all styles of Top and Open BUGGIES made by A. WRENN & SON, for sale. If you want to save money and be pleased, call to see me before purchas ing. J. B. HOOKER, Jan. 11, 19 tf, Hamilton, N. C. 11 a S USEFUL ARTICLE 8.4. Beautiful Floral Chromo Cards, 8 lie 6x8, and n Ulartrata Book, t all who acad tr atampa Wr aartaga mmi aaekta. Meattaa taia aaperw L B. IIIEOHT 4 60 W 10U. FOREST COLLEGE. W- B GIVE ME AND EXAMINE THE LARGEST STOCK OF BROUGHT TO THIS TOWN, Among which will be DRESS and Trimmings to match. C L 0 T GENTS' FURNISHINGS AT PRICES THAT I have the most Ladies, G-ents, BOOTS AND SHO of reputable make, among which can be found the C ELEBRA TEE ZEIGLER BROS. HAND MADE which have no superior and can be had only of TAYLOR, ELLIOTT & WAITERS, WHOLESALE DEALERS IN- HARDWARE, GUNS COR. MAIN STREET & MARKET SO'R.. NORFOLK. VA. AGENTS FOR HOWE'S SCALES W. F. ALLEN. W F ALLEN ft CO., WHOLESALE GROCERS, 99 Water St. & 18, 22, 26 & 30 Rothery's Lane . NORFOLK, VA. BP FLOUR AND MEAL A SPECIALTY MAKE HENS LAY valuable. Nothing on parth will triiilro hons to 1 pint food. Sold everywhere, or sent by mail ESTABLISHED H 1378. It is with pleasure that we say that onr constantly in creasing trarle lias induced us to seek more room, and hnvimr at, our command the large two sto-y buildinar on the East side of Main Street cor oih. iw increases our facilities more than 100 per cent, for handling all goods in our line, and will be used principally for the wholesale trade, the stora of Coffins, Mattresses, .fee. Wo kep solid eastiron Coffins of all sizes, of all styles, and at bargain prices. .. , Our Walnut Coffins are so neat and beautiful that they are often called mettalic until told better. We have a full line of cheap Coffins pain.c a, with Rosewood, that are very neat when sparkling silver plated trimming . ...0 are put on. Our Coffins and Ca.es are fully ornamenteu aim iu c muslin, silk and satm. Orders hour, day or night deceased. We make all allowances to insure that your order will be r . t . '. e . c . ve xenaer inanKH lor pusi. - r . 0nnllv the same in future. We will be pleased to see our old friends personally or receive their orders by mail. Respectfully Yours, . ROANOKE FURNITURE CO., J OR PARTICULARS, A FPLY TO - ROYALLi, Chairmafi of Faculty. A G AL Ji ol GOODS EVER found the Latest Styles of GOOD s Also the most Stybs of Handsome and Nobbiest H I N II -AND- DEFY COMPETITION. attractive stock of Misses and Children's E S GOODS. M. HOFFMAN, Leader or Low Piices. J. T. BORUM. An FJnprlish Veterinary' snrreon and Chemist, now travetiog in thia country, says that most of the worse una UaUle row uers Mm nere are worui less trash He savs that Sheridan's Condition lite tiLra filiariilnn'c CrmAiinn I'im'Hors. IVmP 1 tdAsnnOTlful tor 8 letter-stumps, i. S. Jounkom & Co., Boston, Mas - for Cases nuea c u minute CUTLERY, & C. notice, anv Parties ordering will please give neat length ot Also remit tue iuu amount, oi v- iij promptly uncu. nr( honp to merit a continuance J. C. WILLIAMS, Manager. i : H t r H J f X. 1 t . 5-'. W1U of i