MANUFACTURING IN THE SOUTH.
The following is the conclusion of
an address, delivered bv ex-Governor
Patton of Alabama, before the Little
Rock Convention of the National
Cotton Planters' Association : Manu
facuring in the southern States cre
ates wealth. The manufacturer re
ceives cash for his fabrics, the oper
atives receive cash for their labor,
the merchant receives cash for his
goods, "the mechanic receives cash
for the articles which he makes, the
farmer receives cash for his products,
which find a ready sale in the vil
lages, towns and cities which grow
up under the auspices of manufac
turing. Trade flouris hes ; the money
which flows from this created wealth,
being thrown into the regular chan
nels of business, finds its way to all
cla sses of the community. But this
is not all By a properly-developed
svstem of muufacturing; this money
will rfimain in the community where
it is made. Generally speakihg, it
may be annunciated as practicable
to make in the South every article
used there, whether the making ol
the article requires skilled or un
skilled laborers, though more or less
skill may be required in all.
By this line of policy the exports
of" the southern States will be great
ly increased, while the imports of ne
5f.r mnct. he diminished. We
must send abroad more in value of
our southern products, and depend
less upon foreign labors and produc
tinns. It is a plain principle in
vr.litiia1 economv that no Govern
ment. State, county, or municipality,
nor family or individual can prosper
and row rich where the expenditures
exceed the income. It an bumble
negro receives annually for his hire
$100 and expend $110 in the same
time if-, is verv evident ne win al
ways be poor. If the citizens of
any southern State export cotton
and other products of less value than
what, in manufacturing in the North
and brousht South for consumption
if-, ia finlv a Question of time when
that State will be bankrupt and re
Inner! . extreme rjovertv. If, how-
ever, a southern State can by in
creasin the value ol cotton raised
in such State by manufacturing it
into vnrns and fabrics before it is
sent abroad, thus increasing largely
its imports, then that State will,
doubtless, grow rich and prosperous.
Let us, therefore, abandon the pre
vailinf opinion that we are totally
dependent on northern capital and
labor to manufacture the cotton
raised u nder the sun of the South,
to be returned to us in fabrics, at
high and paying rates, thereby ad
ding largely to the wealth of mil
lionaires in tne iNortn, whose im
mense estates have accumulated by
the manufacture of cotton, making
the people of the South "hewers of
wood and drawers of water." Let
ic no longer be said that we mnst
stand still and not go forward for
want of capital and skilled laborers
mere is in tne southern htates an
abundance of capital, if our people
will have confidence to invest in
such enterprises as will contribute
to the general prosperity of the
country. If, h-: ".fever, large amounts
of capital are not to be found with
enterprising citizens disposed to em
bark in erecting cotton mills, let
planters and others organize into
partnership or chartered companies,
I thereby consolidating the smaller
aniount of capital for the purpose
of manufacturing, and, if need be,
these organizations can commence
on a limited, safe scale, and gradu
ally increase it, until by investing
and reinvesting the dividends and
profits derived from the enterprise,
the company becomes wealthy and
prosperous. By this process large
fortunes have already been accumu
lated and cities built up in the
The model State of Georgia has
taken the lead in this regard. She
is very rapidly building up her
manufacturing cities with capital
belonging to citizens of the State.
At her Augusta, her Macon, her
Columbus, and more recently her
prosperous Atlanta, thousands of
needy laborers have profitable em
ployment. The States of North
Carolina and Mississippi, I am glad
to notice, are also doing much in
this direction. Let all the other
cotton States follow the good ex
ample until the happy influence of
the manufacturing of cotton, iron
wool, and all other southern pro
ducts shall be felt, not only in the
South, but elsewhere. The indus
trial industries of the southern
States must be so diversified as to
give employment to all classes of
labor. We have in the southern
States a large amount of labor which
is now entirely unproductive, not
being well suited to agricultural
pursuits, or tilling the earth in th
nay ui raising cotton, sugar, rice or
tobacco, which is the work of the
southern planter; neither is that
laoor well suited to the pursuits of
farming, growing grain, grass, stock,
etc., but it can be profitably em
ployed in manufacturing.
I. lie class of population to which
I refer is, of course, the fe-nale labor,
or the least able of the men and boys.
wuose active employment in. the
cotton mills will, of necessity, be
more remunerative for themselves,
as well a3 for the country. This
species of labor as shown by statisti
cal reports, produces far more for ex
tiitiuu iu inew England, and in
the other manufacturing States, than
mc lauura oi aoie-oodied men,
whilst in the southern States this
labor is altogether unproductive
moreover the class of population to
which 1 refer, so profitably employ
ed in tne iNortn, must, of necessiry,
be supported in the South, where
they are consumers and not pro
ducers. Among this worthy class
are to be found thousands of widows
aod f helpless orphans, who were
made poor and dependent by results
of the late war : they want employ
inent suited to their ronditions, ann
will siladly engage as operatives u.
cotton factories, thereby contribut
inv in the important work.ot mcrea
inf in value the product of the Soutl
before it is sent aoroaa.
The moneyed men, or capitalist
ot the South, and 1 may say also o
the northern States, who invest mon
ev in the manufacturing of cotton i
the southern states, may properly
renamed as puuuu ucuciauwi -
living employment to the destituu
and poor, by which, with faithfu
labor, they can maintain and supi'o
themselves and growing childi .
and in doing this it can be denioi.
trated bevond doubt that capita
thus invested in manufacturing ca
be made more productive of proti.
to the capitalist than in anv otbt.
portion of the world. Between 30l
and 36.30" north latitude, we uav.
not only a mild and suitable climat
for arrowing cotton, but the mildnes:
and uniformity of it will rival any
other for the manufacture ot eottoi
yarns and fabrics.
At Lowell, .Lawrence, v an mver.
and elsewhere in New England, a;
42 of north latitude, the cotto
mills encounter much difficulty from
protracted cold weather, making it
necessary, for a large portion of the
year, to use furnaces for artificial
beat; at a heavy cost. In the South
no such difficulty or interruption ex
ists. Here we can operate cotton
and other manufactories the entire
year, owing to the mild and pleasant
climate, which the God of nature
has kindly given to us. Then again
we have in the South, at the door ol
the cotton factory, the raw material,
saving all risk and expense of trans
portation, as well as injury to the
fibre by close packing and compress
ing the bale necessary for shipment
from the grower to the northern fac
tory. Besides we have in almost
every locality abundance of water
power sufficient to drive the machin
ery of the world, which can be
purchased at very low rats. And
should it be desirable at any locality
to establish cotton factories to be
operated by steam, our mountains
and hills arc groaning witU inex
haustible coal fields ; and the extend
ed forests with fuel to an unlimited
extent, all of which will cost tht
manufacturers almost nominal prices
From all the Tacts which I hae
submitted, I think it can be demon
strated be3'ond doubt, that the ines
timable advantages of the southern
States over a rigorous and cild cli
mate are more than equal to a large
and remunerative profit in the man
ufacture of cotton. We would not
have our friend in the North to
think that we are antagonizing them
in this important branch of indu
trial labor ; ou the contrarv. c cor
dially invite their capitalists and
skilled laborers to come South . and
identify themselves with us, and 1
am sure thev will say, of a truth, not
one-half has been told them. Indus
Comparative Value of Corn
and Uats for houses. lne com
parative value of corn and oats for
horses may be brief! v stated as fol-
ows ; the former is deficient in many
of the elements of nutrition so neces
sary for recuperating the constant
wear and tear which necessarily takes
place in the body of a living animal
On this account, horses which are ex
clusively fed on corn and hay do not
receive that kind of nourishment
which appears necessary for the due
support and maintenance of the
animal fabric ; hence, we must not be
surprised that corn-fed horses show
evidence of being languid, by sweat
ina profusely while being worked.
ack of vitality, ect. Oats on the
contrary, contain more of the essen
tial elements of nutrition than anv
ot'uer article of food whica can be fed
with impunity to horses. Oats are
not only the most natuaal food for
horses, but are decidedly the most
nutritious. They are the - cheapest
because there is less risk in feeding
them, and experience has proved
that horses properly fed on oats and
timothy hay can, with regular exer
cise, good grooming, and proper san-
itarv regulations, be brought to the
highest state of phisical culture, and
can perform more work with less eyi
dence ot tatigue than when tea on
anv other article of food. National
Live Stock Journal, Chicago.
HOW TO TREAT A BOY.
Get hold of the boy's heart
der locomotive comes like a
wind down the track, and a regiment
of men might seek to arrest it in
vain. ' It would crush them, and
plunge unheeding on. But Jthere is
a little lever in its mechanism that
at the pressure of a man's hand will
slacken its speed, and in a moment
or two bring it panting and still, like
a whipped spaniel, at your feet. By
the same little lever the ast steamer
is guided hither and yonder upon
the sea, in spite of adverse wind or
current.That sensitive and responsive
spot by which a boy's life is controll
ed is his heart. With your grasp
gently and firmly on that helm, you
may pilot him whither jou will
Never doubt that he has a heart.
Bad and wilful boys very often have
the tenderest i hearts hidden away
somewhere beneath incrustations of
sin or behind barricades of pride.
And it is your business to get at that
heart, get hold of that heart, keep
hold of it bv sympathy; confiding in
him, manifestly working only for his 1
good by little indirect kindnesses to
his mother, or sister, or even his pet 1
dog. See him at his home, or invite
him intoyours. Provide him some little j
pleasure, set him at some little ser- '
vice of trust for you ; love him ; love j
him practically. Any way and every
way. rule him through, his heart. !
The &oveh&jer. -i v v j.
That is what a
ianv people are
They don't know just what
is the matter, but they have
a combination of pains and
rxhes, and each month they
The only sure remedy
yet found is Brown's Iron
Bitters, and this by rapid
and thorough assimilation
with the blood purifies and
enriches it, and rich, strong
blood flowing to every part
of the system repairs the
wasted tissues, drives out
disease and gives health and
This is why Brown's
Iron Bitters will cure
kidney and liver diseases,
neuralgia, dyspepsia, mala
ria, intermittent fevers, &c.
303 S. Paca St., Baltimore.
Nov. 8, 1881.
I was a great sufferer from
Dyspepsia, and for several
weeks could eat nothing and
was growing weaker every
day. 1 tried Brown's Iron
Bitters, and am happy to say
I now have a good appetite,
and am getting stronger.
Brown's Iron Bitters
is not a drink and does not
contain whiskey. It is the
only preparation of Iron
that causes no injurious ef
fects. Get the genuine.
Don't be imposed on with
I The great superiority of DR.
BULL'S COUGH SYRUP over
I all other cough remedies is attested
I by the immense popular demand
for that old established remedy.
For the Cure of Coughs, Colds,
Hoarseness, Croup, Asthma, Bron
chitis, Whooping Cough, Incipient
Consumption and for the reliet ot
consumptive persons m advanced
stages of the Disease. For Sale
fry all Druggists. Price, 25 cents.
Is composed of Herbal and Mucilaginous prod
nets, wlucu permeate the substance of the
Langi, expectorates the acrid matter
tuat eoilecu iu the Uionchial Tubes, and forms a
aoothing coating, which relieves the ir
ritation that cause the cough. It cleanses
the lungs of all imparities, strengthens
them when enfeebled by disease, invigor
ate the circulation of the biood, and bmcesthe
nervous system. Slight colds often end in
consumption. It is dangerous to neglect
them. Apply the remedy promptly. A
test of twenty ye ira warrants the assertion that
no remedy has ever been found that Is as
prompt in nseffects a TUTT'S EXPECTORANT.
A single dose raises the phlegm, subdues
infl immation. and its use speedily cures the most
obstinate coush. A pleasant cordial, chil
dren take it readily. For Croup It Is
invaluable and should be in every family.
In 95c. and $1 Bottles.
ACT DIRECTLY ON THE LIVER.
Cures Chilis and fever, Dyspepsia,
Sick Headache, .Bilious Colic, Constipa
tion, Rheumatism, Piles, Palpitation of
the Heart, IHzziness, Torpid JLiver, and
Female Irregularities. If you do not "feel
rery well,Hasins:lepiUat bed-time stimulates ths
stomnch, restores the appetite, imparts vifror to the
svrfvm. Price. 2Sr. 35 Murray St.. W.Y.
WHUt rUH TU1T 5 MANUAL rKtt.
Invalids, broken down In health and spir
its by chronic dyspepsia, or suffering from
th terrible exhaustion that follows the
attacks of acute disease, the testimony of
thousands who have been raised as by
miracle from a similar state of pros'
ration by Hos tetter's stomach Bitters,
is sure guarantee that by the same
means you, too, may be strengthened and
i'or sale by all T rug-gists and Dealers
a a USEFUL AliTICLgS,,
DtAUIIrUL rLunAL UHR0MO UARDS,
IS?,.6 ? Sd V "'"trated
Book, to all .k. 4
sTll ftp Boatam aaa
and Winter Goods
R B. J0SEY & GO'S
We are daily receiving our large aid
complete stock of goods recently purchas
ed in the Northern markets.
We defy any house to undersell us.
Our stock of
JDB Y GOODS,
WOOD & WIL
QUEENS WARE AND
was never so large as now.
We call special attention to our
which in point of style, quality and
prices, has never been equalled in this
This branch will be conducted by an
accomplished and competent lady from
Baltimore, Mis. Perkins.
Any one buying goods in this market
will rind that they can save money by
calling to see us beore purchasing else
wlicrc DRESS ' GOODS A SPECIALTY-
N. B. JOSEY & CO.
W. W. Gwathmey.
Chas. G. Elliott. Temple Gwathmey.
W. W. Gwathmey & Co.,
COTTON COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
Cash advanced on consignments. Cot
ton shipped by Railroad delivered at our
wharf free of drayage.
MaJS HERE EXPRSSU !
kmmikN our Free Circular tells the rest
... Kansas. June 26th. ISO.
TT a Dtti, RnimtT f!n. Hants I nsed the Pastilles a
directed and they completely cared me. In about one
week from the time 1 commenced using them I began
to sleep well and I continued to use all ton box with
constant improvement and since that time ( Oct. 1881)
I have felt like a new man. I truly hope that many of
the sufferers will find ont that you have a specific for
nervous weaknes and be cured by the same.
P. S. Ton will not publish my name bat parsons visit
ing yon may be referrei to me and I win answer them.
To every yountr, middle age or old man
troubled with nervous or physical debili
ty or impotence sealed circular is sent
free. Send full address on postal card to
HARRIS REMEDY CO. St. Louis, Mo.
We want your address. You need our remedy.
Bend and be convinced of Una.
yC) A week $12 a day at home easily
made. Costlv outfit free. Address
NOAH BIGGS. R. C. JOSEY
: o :
WE have been before the public for
fifteen years, and have always en
deavored to give satisiaction both as to
goods and prices, and can say now that
enlarged facilities enable us to do more
in both respects than ever before.
Returning thanks for past oatronaee.
we wish to say that we will sell goods lor
cash as low as they can be bought else
where, or we will quit the market.
To all kesponsible parties and those
who will make us secure, who wish to
buy on time we will sell goods as low as
any house in North Carolina will on the
ISUALLY KEPT VI A
We also make a snecialtv of Miles'
celebrated Hand-made Shoes for Geutie
men. Ladies andM.sses.
Any article not lound in stock, and
wanted by our customers will be ordered
by us at a very small advance on New
We are also agents for Brown.'s Cot
ton Gins, Feeders and Condensers, which
deservedly stand firs,t in the catalogue of
In our omce may be found Catalogues
and Designs of Tombstones, which
we will order for parties wishing them,
at. uesigners prices.
We are agents for several leading
ui anus ot r emuzers. among them
CHEMICALS. ETC. ' .'
Wo call ttin nlm..n ' i.1 j. .
..v, "uuyc ewuer ior cash or
We always endeavor to have salesmen
vi iiuaracier aim politeness. .
ai present wp haw wi K ,,a a
McDowell, Willie Josey. and Jimmie
rumAfl. who win be pleased to wait
w" uaiwuiers at an times.
Noah Biggs $ Co.
Cor. 10th and Main Street,,
S. A. STEVENS & Co.,
- A N D
IN THE SOUTH.
Over 27.000 square feet of floor space
in our show room. For over eighteen
years we have enjoyed an extensive trade
in Halifax county; and refer to hundreds
of people whose nouses we have furnished.
J. B. Riddick. A Brinkley N. Beaman.
W&l, Brinkley i Co.,
27 Roanoke Square and 26 Roanoke
5 to 9Cif per day at home. Samples
to worth $5 free. Address
Stmson & Co., Portland, Maine.
for Soldiers. Widows. Paren..
and Children. Anv disease
I wound or injury entitles. Mil.
'lions appropriated and work-
ins force doubled. Prompt work and homes made happy. Fee
fio. Applynow. WidOWS. re-married, now entitled during
widowhood. Great success in N C R EA S E cases. BOUNTY
an 1 Back Pay and Discharges procured. Deserters entitled to
all dues under new laws. 3 Jft fgSkSpQforlnTen.
tors. Land Warrants r I Km UM I 9 procured,
bought and sold. TheMWORLD & SOLDIER."weekly
paper). Sample copv free. Send stamp for full instructions,
blanks & bounty table. N. W. FITZCERALD & CO-.
usion. Patent & Land Att'ys. WashlntOIU'D C
mA is Alii i7ilMilMif?ill
........ ...,r., T1W
SEWING MACHINE CO-
and ATLANTA. GA-
IT STANDS AT THE HEAD !
That it is the acknowledged Leader in
the Trade is a fact that cannot be disputed.
MANY IMITATE IT !
The Largest Armed,
The Lightest Running.
The most Beautiful Wood-wcrk,
A!VI IS WARRANTED
To be made of the best mate-ial.
To do any and all kinds of work.
To be complete in every respect.
For sale bv N. B. JOSEY &'CO.. Scot
land Neck, N. C. -
R. H. Daniel & Co.. Halifax, N. O.
Daniel & Norfleet, Dealers in General
Merchandise, Caledonia, N. C.
Agents wanted in unoccupied territory.
A NEW DEPARTURE,
FROM THE SAME OLD STAND.
'Competition is the Lire of Trade."
I TAKE this method of informing my
Friends, Present and Former Patrous
and the public generally, that 1 am still
at the SA.AIB OLD STAND at GREEN
WOOD, where I am still doing; all kinds
of work usually done in a Country Shop,
and at as Low Figures as any Good
W orkman will do it.
VEHICLES CONSTANTLY ON
HAND, MADE TO ORDER.
REPAIRIG NEATLY, QUICKLY and
NICE PAINTING A SPECIALTY.
UNDERTAKING AS LOW- AS THE
COTTON GINS REPAIRED, AND
SAWS WHETTED AT BOT
Fire Arms Neatly Repaired.
Also Agent for the Excelsior Cook
1 mean business, if you don't believe
me just call and see for yourself.
1. V. SAVAGE,
Scotland Neck, N C.
HUT OTJH ElfOimC
SBBSjBSBssBBasssasspssBmilUUI WU I I Will
arxunaei paitmtm mpravmutt josss
BJfOlJfES in tht wartd. For PampbUU sad
LUt. (also for SAW MI1XS). addran
It. I,. LAWKfCE
S. J. THOMAS & CO,
154 Main St.,
Premate:!?o !? -
An 80-page C1oth-bonnl Took cX
Advlcft to oung Mm. iv a liejailar i'hy-ii-
HOME SEWING MACHINE,
J- H. Beal, Agent
Hackney Bros. Buggy
17 or k s ,
J. H, BEAL, Agent,
Enfield N. C.
bUI IU1I IS Mil UK IIRfifPn
These Machines, Buggies and
... ' os-
lowest cash prices. Reasonable
terms on application.
Paynes' AUTOMATIC Engines.
u 100 norse Power.
w agon s can be had of J. H Beal at
Petersburg Railroah rnm..
Office of Superinteniwv!,
Petersburg Va., October 13 iS5T'
COMMENCING Monday, Octohe '
1882, trains on this road win ' 1
Boston & Savannah Fast M.-i
Leave Petersburg daily at 4 :ogn
Arrive at Weldon at 5:54 ,
JNJfiW YORK EXPRESS,
Leave Petersburg daily at
Arrive at w emon at
Leave Petersburg (ex'pt Sun
Arrive at Weldon at
Boston & Savannah Fafn.
Leave Weldon daily at 12 :05 i f
Arrive at Petersburg at 2 :23 )
NEW YORK EXPRESS.
Leave AY eldon daily at
Arrive at Petersburg at
Leave Weldon (ex Sun.)
Arrive at Petersburg
First-class coaches will
hstwficn VV llminortnn anA nr. ,.
------ . o . "asini
and sleepmg cars on night and day th
Sleeping car berths can be had fn. 1
jn c i:i j . . 'W v
uunai iruui xiicumona 10 Ualtiniorc f '-
mange 01 till s, j:
Through tickets sold tn n t V
and Southern points, and baggage
ed through. p
W. J. BROM.V fe
Dispatcher of Trai,
R. M. SULlV'i
W. P. Taylor, Gen. Ticket
Office Superintendent Trajsiin
TATION, S. & K. R. R. (.,
Portsmouth, Va., November 7th, is;
QHANGE OF gCIIEDULE! ,
On and after MONDAY. NovemiJ
trains will run as follows: -
LEAVE PORTSMOUTH DAILY '
Mail train at 9 -
Accommodation Train 9i"
ARRIVE AT PORTSMOUTH Da1
Mail train at 5 4.;
Accommodation Train 11;,
Mail train connects at Weldon mi
Mail Trains of the Wilmington & ,t
and Raleigh and Gaston Railaoads.
And on Mondavs, AVednesdau
Fridays at Frank liii, with steainn
Edenton, Plymouth and Lani'M -
lilackwater and Uhowan nves in,
Washington and stations on Jan
and Washington Railroad.
Ihrough tickets on sale to Tin,'
fioldsboro. Newbeni. Wilmimrtmi t.
umbia, Augusta, Charleston, Saaii
Jacksonville, Fernandina, and all it
m ilonda, Kaleigh, llamlel. Cluri''
Statesville, Marion, Hickory. OM ' r,
Asheville, Warm Springs, Atlanta.
con, Montgomery. Columbus, Mobile'
Orleans, and all points .in SoutLt "
Freights received daily, except 811114
from S A.M. to 4 P.M. E. G. Gil III,
Superintendent of Trauspurtitu ' .
WILMINGTON & WELDON K. K.U
Office of Superintknuk
Wilmington, N. 0. My. 14. W H
CHANGE of SCHEDULE.
Express, Passenger and Mail liai
Leave Wilmington daily, at 6.4ilii,
Arrive at Goldsboro, at 9.481
:: ttntield at 12.(),
A rrive at Weldon, at 12.50 1 1 , ?
No. 43. Fast Mail. 1 .
Leave Wilmington at
Arrive at Entietd at
:; at Weldon at
1 tnaL "
Express, Passenger and Mail tm
Leave Waldon daily, at
Arrive at Enfield at
Arrive at Goldsboro, at
Arrive at Wilmington, at
No. 40. Fast Mail. ,
Leave Weldon 6:Wl
Arrive at Wilmiugten at 10.53 :
TAKBORO BRANCH ROAD.
Arrive at Tarboro 1:10 p m & 83oV,
Leave Tarboro 9 00 a m and 300v
The day train makes close connccj
at Weldon for all points North, u f
Line, daily, except ounclay, aim
via Kicnmona ana an ran route.
Night train makes close connects
Weldon for all points North, vi
mond. Sleeping-cars attached In
nicrht trnins JOHN F. DIVlM
A. POPE, Gen'1 Pasen'r Agt. J
OiCABOARD & RALEIGH U
k? ROAD COw
On and after this date, trams will
on this Road by the following Sched
November 20th, 1882.
Tarboro (Lv.) 8 45
Little Creek 9 15
Bethel 9 35
Rober'nville 10 00
Everett's 10 20
The 7 30 a m train from WiUwgR
will arrive in Tarboro at 9 35 a in., 1C t
ing passengers to connect with the 1 &;
a m train on the W & W R B for
Mount. , ,.fr
The 8 45 p m train from Tarboro c,f
nects with ie Boais at Williamston w.
Norfolk via E C & N Railroad and
mediate points, also at Jamesville ,
the J & W Railroad for Washington
a.11 nnint.s holnw
rro.:.. 1.1.1 1. - .urraA at. IDT '
aws tauie may up tiiaii&vv. - -
as necessitv or circumstances may reiL
, N. C, Noy. 20th1lS8,;
. ..,,..11 Sll
SCOTLAND NECK RAILROAD
Trains on this road run dailj
Leave Scotland Neck at
Arrive at Tillery's at
Arrive at Halifax at
Leave Halifax at
Arrive at Tillery's at
Ar at Scotland Neck at
3 :55 P- 5
4 :50 p
5 :30 P-
R. T. JameT"0-PBOf105,
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