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frilEC OMMOW W EiLT II.
Til E A3 OM NONWBAIiTH) cotland Neck, 7 1 Scotland Neck, n. a i An uncompromising Democratic Jour nal. Published every Thursday morning. HE WEALTH Advertising Rates i J". 5. MEAL, Manager. I inch 1 week, I "I month, 41.00. 2.o0 Subscription iCntcs; Copy 1 Year. -" 6 Months, - - E. E. HILLIARD, Editor. "THE LAND WE LOVE." Terms : $2 00 per yeai in Advance. $2 00. $1.00. VOL. I. SCOTLAND NECK, N.C., THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1883. NO. 26. SELECTED PROM 'LUCLLE." soul have been pw realms 10 man conquered. But those, orthwith they are peopled for man by new foes I I,-,; hestais keep uieir secco, : hides her own. . .nd bold must the man be that Draves in thp Hi known '. I tot a truth has to art or science beenjable as to Sllpp0se that 50.000,000 of kut brows nave ached lor it, and souls toiled and striven m many have striven, and many have 'faded. iV id many died, slam hy the trutn uiey assailed. it when man has tamed Nature, assert ed his place tod dominion, heiiom : ne is brought I face to face Tith foe himself ! I Xor niav man on his shieid er rest, for his foe is forever aheld. -tr ever at hand, till the armed Archangel md o'er him the trump of earth's final evaiiKel. KINERSARY AT WAKE FOREST COL- For The Commonwealth. hp 48th Anniversary of the Phi lathesian and Euzelian Literary lieties was hioked forward to as a e that gave promise of something ive the ordinary, because of some V assurance. All that was hoped obtained, and much besides. atme favored the occasion ; and Ire audience came. Y hat geoins labor hud provid d, the people eager to receive, while they were Jjeful to tho3fc who f'T ' hit to deli-iiUL! Upturn . ' pe exercises of the occasion began J o'clock p. m., on the lGth inst.. jh an animated discussion of the Istion "Ought immigration tf proiub'te 1? ' The dialectics were jducted by four young and well lipped debaters, and the delight B sliowed by a large and intellgent jerublv. 31r. L. L. Jenkins, ol juloUe, N. C. first speaker on tin jrmalive. sjsi i : America has al ys been a home for tin oppressed. lier the v have conn., and liave n welcomed. Butt lie evils that je with those piessingin from all Its of the world overbalance the d. The castaways of Europe come jje, :md in their hands will soon be I balance of power. tj( world is s and supe-stitions are destined ; i corrupt both city and govern- l iie influences of Catho ieism ported from abroad are to be look- o:i wit a dread. 1 ne lioman Cath ie church is only a club for the ae Jnmodation of its ine ubers. They jitaminate society and politics. X'his is only one of the poisoning pities of immigration. Immigrants Wcver low, be tome factors in our vernment, with all the rights of izenship. The Nation seems safe ; if immigration goes on. the sun 1 1 n l;li)l.ll.l II- I 1 r. i'. fr I ., 1 1 v.. iicuuii i tit ouuu set in jl seu blood, to rise elsewhere, and on a pie wiser than we. Jr. D. M. Austin, of Wadesboro. C, in support of the negative, d : This Nation is voun-jr. Alouo lines thus" far are some points or akness. But immigration is not e. Ihe experiments hae taught sdom. Little over a century ao lere were onlv 3000,000 of people this country. What did it need ? e demand was for labor, and hot.- t labor came. Industry has been ickened. This factor has raoidlv fected permanent resulfs. Witness few England. Immigrants have be bme assimilated with our people, hey became patriotic, and fought ad died for our country. It is ob icted that they have had their day id done their work. The country's atural resou ces are enormous. For ign men and women are needed to evelop them. Imported talent Las een used in the highest offices. If fcese blessings have been so great, khy not still ? The great Question n liberty is here to be solved. Here B to be broken kingly oower. Hen- taught the lesson that man can. d must be free. The spirit of hbr- K is energizing and vitalizing. Let go out from here to all lands that ere is truth in liberty, power in lib- rtv, life in liberty. v hat Mr. W. F Marshall, of Louis- nrg, N C, had to say on the affirm- tive wms in substance this : The pre sumptions in favor of immigration are. (1), That the comers were honest men ready to tolerate as well as enjoy civil and religious liberty, ready to make an honest living, to obey laws Jaiid become American citizens ; (2), nut ine strength ot our civilization pould assimilate all foreign elements : (3). That we had an abundance of room with no one to dpvplono if. ave those who coma frnm n.hn mrl hese were once true, but not true row. Foreigners ant too much civil Jand religious liberty. Thev do not pssinnlate with our country. Amer- pcan society is loo complex for it. unite with them our standard puist be lowered. It is a reflection Pii the rising generation to say that Fe cannot, till mi inrl la. ml . mum mvi ijr tun oiuitry. Doubling every 25 vears re (?) will soon have all the territorv Populated. It is time to stop this Feumulation from abroad and go to pork to develop what is at borne. r. a. li. Folk, of Brownsville, ena.. ia a broad sweep that shut tne door against the affirmative and opened the ports of the migratory world, left nothing else to say. He said: Civilization sprang up in the East ; and "westward the star ot era t.nkps its w.iv." What a count rv Uara , inlllli,rrn,;nn 19Hnn crood y """Vri .5. . me past, xikc raun-s nmuc like effects. iNo one is so unreason people can develope a country capa ble of 800,000,000. Great plantations need men and monev. Immigration brings annually $61,000,000. Records show the vigor and intelligence of immigrants to be above the average of their race. This is a composite uation. Here is seen the "survival of the fittest." Herbert Spencer thinks that here will be evolved the highest type of man ever seen. Our mcestors were immigrants. Among them are the great names of our his tory. Public opinion at home en courages immigration. Some nitions abroad enact laws to prevent it. Restriction, not prohibition, is what we want. Prohibition violates the principles of this government. Iso la ions is a suicidal policy. Prohibi tion violates social and divine laws. The vote was taken and the ques tion was decided in the negative by 117 51. At 7 :30 o'clock r. m., the orations were delivered by the representatives from the Literary Societies. They had for a prelude the presentation of the -Magazine Medal" to Mr W. H. O, borne, of Asheviile, with some choice remarks by Senator II, 11. t. of Rockingham Mr. Ed. S. Alderman, of iltnlngton, Philoma- thesian orator, spokt on "The Home less liace." The history ot the Jews began with Abraham. Their suffer ings through the centuries makes that history a pathetic one. Crosses and crucifixes take strongest hold on hu inanity. God made the Holy Land and the poet, the one for the other, the Jews have never aekiiowladgd any hand but God.s. The greatest figures in history are Jews. What works thev have wrought in art, in literature, in statesmanship! We dis like them ; and we kdow not why. We believe in equal rights, and yet we do not accord this to the Jews It is a poor reason to maltreat- a man now because his ancestors instigated Pilate to crucify vdirist 18 centuries ago All nnurier of persecutions nave peen heaped upon them. We should conquer our prejudices against them What civilization is to do for the Jews and what they are to do for civilization, is tiie great problem of the age. It may be that after a train ing of 2.(00 years Europe and the world will find in them a power too great to resist. The signs of th; times suggest a great civilization in the East. The Turk feels that his day is over: the Jew looks for his v: the future. !No people ha more right to glory in their ancestry. They gave us our devotional poetr3, our Bible, our God ! American hatred towards the Jew is a paradox. Mr. Thomas Dixon, of Shell', N. C, Euzelian orator, spoke on "The New South." The South, 25 years ago, was a land of beauty and wealh. War came and deluged it with blood, death, and desolation. She was still farther cursed with restruct:on, and its offspring, the Invisible Empire. The South is now recovering from those blows so terrible in their re sults. To-day a new spirit is abroad, which is working wonders. It is de veloping the country materially her agriculture, mining, railroads, cotton mills, tobacco interests, &c. . She still loves whiskey and will manufac iure and sell it. Politics have been affected by the new spirit less attention given to them aud more to work. Sectional hatred is dying. The social world has felt the new spirit we are shak ing off laziness. Education lias re ceived uew impulse The loveliest womanhood on earth is developing in the South. Our advancement has been pheuomenal no nation of his tory has made such progress ur-der such circumstances. Still the New South is grand aid poetic, moie in what she promises to be, in what she ivill be- We need more hard work, men, and money. The destiny of th New South is inspiring. Her enor mous territory is to be developed. Her boundless piarics and untitled acres will be waving fields of grain anil cotton. The earth will yield up her treasures. Factories will convert our timber into lumber, furniture, and implements of agriculture, and every pound of our cotton into the finished fabric. It ts not underrating the work of others to say that this has been, alto gether, the most successful Anniver sary in the history of the Literary Societies. W. II. Osborne. LOUISVILLE LETTER. No. 2. fFor The Commonwealth. Having built a foundation, so to speak, upon which to rear a super structure according to fancy and facts, 1 begiu this letter with the hope that I may make it more inter esting than the last. 1 wish to speak of some of the characteristics in which the people here, and the cue toms, mdustries,&c. differ trom those of North Carolina. To begin with the people,' they are at least a size larger than with you; especially is this (noticeable among the women, tnree- fonrths of wnom here in Luisville will tip the scales at 150 pounds. Such magnificent physiques I have seen no where else, North or South. As a whole the people are more in telligent than in North Carolina up to a certain point. They have a bet ter school system -why there is one public school building here in Louisville which cost $250,000 ; as much, if I am not mistaken, as the entire yearly appropriation for pub lie schools in North Carolina. 1 don't understand why such discrep ancies exist. Assuming that educa tion is the basis of wealth. North Carolina is indeed in a poverty stricken condition. Then another very striking differ ence is the manner of farming, which is carried on here almost entirely by machine'- Harrows, reapers, mow ers, corn-planters, and indeed every machine which is capable of aiding in farming operations, is in use here among the farmers. They make monev too. A farmer with one hun dred acres of land is considered well off anywhere in the State. Thev don't make much cotton corn, hay, and tobacco being the principal farm products. One thing and to my thinking, the thing most conducive to the Fiiccess ot the Kentucky farm j ers. is the fact that they raise their own supplies on therown farms ; and all their meat, meal, and stock food is made at. home. No sending to town for meat and supplies, a..d giving mortgages on the crop, the in terest aud principal of which per haps equal the year's work when the day of settlement comes. I only echo the sentiments of men much wiser than myself when I sar that until our farming people stop plant ing so much cotton and begin to pay more attention to making all they need on their own farms, there will be no more money in the business tean now : anu 1 arming, once consm- red the u ost independent of all in dustries, will become the most de pendent. Yon all know these things, however, as well or better than 1 do, and my object is not to "retell old tales." but to tell you something new Land in Kentucky is worth ten times as much as in North Caro Una. Why it is I ton't know ; but it is none the less true. Land sells here (farm land), at from ten dollars to ten hundred dollars an acre. I know a gentleman, whose farm lies about eight miles frooi this city, a farm consisting of nearly two hun dred acres, whh-h cost him $50,000, or nearly 200 an acre. He raises blooded stock, and as his is one of the finest in Kentucky, and as I have an invitation to pa3T it a visit in inv next I hope to be able to give your readers some .dea of this, the best paying business in the State. It is an occupation constantly growing in favor almost every farmer has in connection whith his regular business a small stock farm, and it is these stock farms, small prairies of grass in themselves, which first strike the eye and please the fancy ot the trav eller through Kentucky. From Louis ville to Lexington the Railroad runs through the Blue Grass belt, the richest part of Ky., and the continu ous stretch of grass growing farms, with their herds of stocjt, horses, cat tle, sheep and hogs, make a picture so captivating in its reality as to be unequaled by any work of the im agination. Ihere isn t a wood of fifty acre's extent to be seen during the entire distance of ninety six miles. Just think of it one big field ninety-six miles long, with just a few trees here and there to relieve the monotony. W ith all its natural resources and prosperity, Kentucky, like other States, sometimes runs a foul of ad versity's waves, and she is getting it with a heavy hand now all along her Northern boundary through the freshet in the Ohk River. Coving ton, Catlettsburg and several other towns and cities along its course, nave beer, almcst inundated, and Louisville's time seems to be coming. jo i-mg oy uie apoearauce oi tne liver this morning. Hundreds of houses along the river in front of the city, are submerged with water, and it is now half way up to main street, where the heaviest business of the city is done. It has only to come half block to reach the street, but as the level of main street is consider ably above the river, unless the freshet is very much greater thai usual, no imminent danger is appre bended. Already property and goods have been damaged to the extent of thousands of dollars and it is not yet known how much more will be lost. 1 was just about to bring my let ter to a close, but before doing so wi. h to say a little about Madame ijantry, who nilea uii ngagement of three nights here last week. It was your correspondent's good for tune to see her twice in "As You Like Jt, aud in "She Stoops to Conquer." This woman about whose beauty and talents so much has been said and written is," ia my opinion, a much be-lied and slandered oman. Her beauty is beyond question she is not prett' a pretty woman is one in whose features a certain piquancy t variety ot expression attracts though the features themselves may not be at all regular. Langtry is the sculptor's model, the painter's ideal a woman ! She has an oval face, a rich suit of brown, tinted hair, her ejes are sparkling and as full of fire as is desirable, while her figure from her waist up is perfection it self particularly pleasing is the fair whiteness and beauty of her neck nd shoulders, and the poise of her head is grace itself. As to her talents I have seen better, and too, I have seen far worse. In "As You Like It' she had the disadvantage to appear in the same role as did Modjerka only a week be fere, and in my opinion, no woman on the stage can compete it !i that incomparable actress in her impersonation of Rosa lind. In the character ot Mrs Hardcartle in "She Stoops to Con quer." she played to better advantge and showed herself to be by no means deficient in th qualities which go to make uo a number one actress Her main tVvult in my opinion is self consciousness, which indeed, if at all, a fault in her is at least not with out good cause, Freddie Gebhardt. her shadow, was here of course, and just here allow me to state tliat 1 aeem it incompatible with the pu"i- ty and sweet innocence of Mrs. Lang try's face that there should be any thing unbecoming a lady about her. My iaea and the generally accepted theory is that Mr. treddieGebhar.lt is not the man pecuniarily that he is said to be ; in fact, that $80.00 a year le is reported to possess amounts now nearby to $8,000. and this, said Mr. Abby, the manager ot Mrs. Lang- try, pays Mr. rrea. all ins expenses and someihing additional to accom pany them as an advertisement. You know it requires a scandal to make in actressy-go. off .well. Mr. Geb hardt may be in earnest in the mat ter, however; ana it he is, i should certainly not call his taste in choos ing into question,' neither should I deem him a fool, for I think Mad. Langtry just the woman to "befud dle" a man's senses. "N. C. From the Atlanta Constitution. FURMN'S FARM. Growing from Eeight Bales of Cotton on sixty-jJive Acres to une .Hun dred Bales, and How the In crease Was Made Formula for Feeding the Earth. Startling figures. WOAUCUFLL WOKK o: A SCU1JK I AliM. Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 30. I sup pose there are lew readers or Ihe Constitution who do not remember Farish Furman.7 He was a bright and brainy Sena tor in 1876, and led the capitol cam paign against Atlanta was mention ed for Congress and I always -es teemed him as one of the best equip ped aud most capable of our young politicians. A few years ago he quit politics and went to farming. I heard that he had settled on a third piece of laud with poor prospects, and, in common witii many ot his men-is, thought he had dropped out of affairs. At the last agricultural convention he electrified the older farmers of the State with the details of toe most as tounding five years farming ever dene in a Southern State, and is to day more talked about in the State than if he had served in Congress twenty 37ears. I have heard the recom ot his won derful work several times withiu the past few months, and the comment with which it is usuall greeted is, "I don't believe it." 1 simply say .hat I have the authority of at least three excellent orentlemen for the truth ot the following main poiuts : Furman started work with sixty five acres of the very poorest land in middle Georgia five years ago. The first year he made eight bales of eot- ton on the sixty-five acres, or less than one bale to eight acres. This shows that it was the poorest of scrub land. The second year he put 500 pounds of compost to the acre, and made twelve bales of cotton where he made eight before. The third year he used 1,000 pounds of compost to the acre, increased the yield on the sixty-five acres to twen ty three bales. The third year he used 2,000 pounds of compost to the acre and increased his crop to forty-seven bales on sixty-five acres. The fourth year he used 4,000 pounds of compost to the acre, and his crop is certainly above eighty to the sixty-five acres, and may reach 100 bales. He has done all this work with two plows and eighteen days extra plow ing. His official and detailed state ment shows that the total expenses were $2,300, and his net profit $2,725, a fine record on a two horse farm. In addition the land that, was worth $5 an acre five years ago. is now worth $100 an acre. So with two mules this year be ha; rait ed at least eighty bales of cotton, 1,000 bushels of oatc and 400 bushels of corn. Isn't that a better record than he could have made in Congress ? Hasn't he done the State more good by this demonstration than he could have done by ten years of political speeches ? what mi:, fueman says about it. I had a talk with Furman to-day. He is the very . ieture of.health. pros perity and intelligent, enthusiasm. With a perfectly independent income, and the secret of a better one in his hand, he is truly a happy man. He said to me : "When I determined to go to far ming, five years ago, I saw that it would not do to farm in the ol 1 way. I saw farmers around me getting poorer every day. though they work ed like slaves. I saw them starving their land so that each year their yield was scantier, and their farms less valuable. I saw that it wa still the plow following the ax, and that as fat as a farmer starved one piece of land he cb-ared out a new piece. With 800.000 immigrants pouring in to this country annually, and ihe public domain virtually pre-empted. I realized that this wasteful sstem must stop somewhere and soon. Worse than all, I saw that my own land rented to small farmers was 25 pePw cext. pooiis;: and less valuable than it was a few years ago, ami that it would soon cease to pay me rent. I knew that Georgia was blessed with the best conditions of season and soil, and that if properly treated it would yield large resu'ts. 1 therefore selected sixty -five acres of the poorest land I had and went to work. The first thing, of course, was to enrich the soil. To do this Iwha nn jt I ,nf vi- rv rm n t r t "fVi n "1 it , . . , (: , frl h ' ULJWlTk I1VIU IUf U'I woo' ft give it the proper food. I knew that certain pbophatic manures stimulat ed the foil so that it produced heavy t rr I ' it'Ain ir o.iil O hiira Oil 11 crops for a while and then fell off. 1 did not be That was not I wanted none of this, lieve in soil analysis, exact enough. " i ESTIXG THE APPETITE OF Tf.E EARTH. "What I wanted was to know ex actly what a perfect ootton plant took form the soil. That asoi raincd, then to restore to the soil exac tly those elemc-uts in larger quantiu than the crop had abstracted them. This is the basis of intensive farming, aud it will always give land tnat is richer year afier year. I nad a cot ton plant analysis, and found that 1 n.edid eight elements in my ma nure, of which cmmercial fertilizers furnish only three and the soil only one. I therefore determined to buy chemicals and mix them with humus. muck, decayed leaves, stable manure Or for 2,100 pounds a total value of and cotton seed till 1 had secured ;$ij.G5. 1 his mixture makes practi exactH what was needed. I did so, jcally a perfect matuirt for coUon.and and at last produced a pe.fect oin-S:i splendid application tor corn." post for cotton. I then ascertained j ..-Phis restore? to the soil every that mv croo of eiiht bales had tak-Li tr(!.- tVnm it. ?' en out of each acre ot my land as nm-ju of the constituents of cotton as was held in 250 pounds of my compost. I therefore put 50J pounds of comoost on each acre, restoring double what the crop ot tne yai oe- ..you (j uot ojlieve in 'coin mar fore had taken out. ihe result was, tl rtiliz rs T that I made four bales extra. I then j u ,,.1 respect. There are restored double what the twelve hales inaiiy fertilizers that are made with had taken out and made twenty-three j u yi(;vv to SUOWv, results that really oales. I douoled ther.storav.u) i the next year and got forty seven bales. 1 doubled agaia, and this year have at least eighty bales." "But does this extra manuring pay ?" "Immensely. Here are mv figures 2.000 poun is of mv compost cost $7.25 or $3 60 a thousand pounds. The first year I put 500 pounds to the acre cost $1 80 an acre, or $117 for sixty five acres. But my crop rose from eight to twelve b iL'S. the extra four bales giving me $200 sur plus, or $83 net on my manure. Next year my manure (1,000 pounds to acre) cost, $235 ; but my crop increas ed to twenty -three bales from eight on iiniiit.nuied land. '1 hese extra bale3 gave m $750 or net profit on manure of $516. The next year I iised 2,000 pounds per acre at cost of $7.25 an acre, or $471 for total. But my crop went trom eigi t to forty-seen bales, giving increased income oi ?i, 950, or net over cost of manure of about. $1 500. This year I ir.ed 4.000 pounds to the acre losting $14.50, or $1342 for total manure But my crop is at least eighty bales with this ma nure, where it was eight without. This increase of seventy two bales is worth $3,600. Deduct cost of manure $942 and we have $2,650 as the profit on use of manure." "And then the land is so much richer." "Certainly. It is worth' $100 an acre, where it was form rly worth $5.. You must credit the manure with this." AX AVERAGE OF THREE BALES TO LIIE ACRE. ."Where will you stop in this pro gression V "I don't know. I shall double mv manure next year, putting 8.000 pounds to the acre". I believe I will get 150 bales from the' 65 acres. 1 hope to push it up to three bales an acre. 1 have a few acres on which 1 put 10.000 pounds of compost as an xperiment, and ever' acre of it will give me tliraj bales this yjar ." "Mr. Wharthen raised five bales to the acre ?" "Yes, but left his land poorer. He pushed it. stimulated it an 1 took the very heart out of it. After taking oft my enormous crop, I leave my land richer than ha fore. I cultivate my sixty-five acres with two plo vs. an 1 I wiil make 150 bales with those two plows on sixty-five acres. That will be glory enough for me, aud will be a revelation to the world. I believe I will get ninety bales this year with two plows. I have already picked thirty bales and the best judges sav liardly one-third is yet picked. This is an astonishi.ig result, and simply shows what intensive farming will do." THE FORMULA FOR TIIE COMPOST. "How do you make this compost?" Here is my formnla: Take thirty bushels well rottea stable manure or well-rotted orgaiic matter, as leaves, nun k, etc.. and scatter it about three inches thick upon a picc of ground so situated that water will not stand on it, but shed off in every directioa. i'he thirty bushels will weigh aoout nine hundred pounds ; take two hun dred pounds of goo I ac'd phosphate, which cost tne $22.50 per ton, deliv ered, making the 200 pounds cost $5 25, and 100 pounds kainit, which cos irid by the ton $14, delivered, or 70 cents for 100 pounds, and mix the acivl phosphate a d kiinit thorough ly, tnen scatter evenly on the manure. Takj next thirty bushels greu cot ton seed and distribute evenly over the pile, and wet them thoroughly ; thev wili weigh nine hundred pounds ; take again two hundreu pounds acid j phosphate and one hnmlrcd pouuil s i ' Iseed, begin on the manure and keep on in this way, building up your heap lajerby laer until ou get it as high as convenient, then cover with six inches of rich e irtu from fence corners, aud leave at eastsi weeks ; when ready to haul to the field cut with a spade or pickax square down and mix as thoroughly as possible. Now, we have thirty bushels of ma mire weighing nine hundred pounds, and three hundred pounds chemicals in the first layer, and thirty bushels cotton seed, weighing nine bun Ired pounds, and thiee hundred pouu Is of chemicals in the second layer, an i these two layers cominned for the perfec. compost. You perceive that the weight is 2,100 pounds. Value at cost is : 3 ) bushels cotton seed at 12 J cts., $ :5.75. -kK) lbs. acid phosphate, - 4.o I. 2M) " Lainit, - - - 1.4 . Stable manure nominal - Total -Except silica, .vhicii is in tli3 soil in iuhaustaida quantity. So that, when you put in a l.irger quantity of I these than the cotton tooiv out, our , -, - llvliwltiv ricuer." , , j impoverish," the land, be- sides taking all the tanner s cash. 1 do not believe in them. But the chemicals that are prepared for com posting are very reliable and we could not do without them. The secret of success is buying these chemicals judiciousl j and compost ing with leaves, humus, cotton seed, etc. No farmer can succeed perma nently without composting. Tne greatest waste in the South is with stable manure. Many farmers never think of saving it. In Ohio the com post raised on one 55-acre farm, from ten head of horses and thiity head of cattle in one year, was estimated by the State chemist at $2,650, and scattered 40,000 pounds to the acre, made a net profit of $300 an acre. "Another thing is that our farmers do not appreciate 'Oiton seed. That comes nearer to being a perfect fer tilizer than any one thing in the world. And yet over 100,0u0 bushels were sold at my depo; but for a trine and hauled away." "You do not believe in cotton seed mills then ?" "Yes, I do I think the seed is just as good a fertilizer after the oil is extracted as before. The trouble is when L is sei.t to tne oil mdl it nev er comes back. Once made into cot ton meal it is sent to England 10. stock food and the Georgia farm U robbed of it. You see the English or Northern farmer can 'afford to pay more for ii than we can, because he feeds it to his stock, and then saves the drop ping of the stock. In this way-ins fattens his cattle with it and still uses it as a m.mure after it has per formed this function. We do not reach the economy because we haven't the stock to feed it to and because we do not save the manure of the stojk we do feed. The idea; system would be to take the seed to Contracts for any space or time maj e made at the othco of The Common wealth. Transient advertisements must be paid r in advance. an oil mill, sell the right to the oil, oavc the pressed cake returned, feed it to stock- and then return it to the oil in the shape of droppings from the animal. This will come in time, ft is one of the results of the inten sive system of farming. The more manure we need for compost, the more sheep and cattle we'll need. The more stock we have the more jot on seel cake we'll need. The more cotton seed cake we feed to stock at home the richer our lands will be. .We waste millions of dol lars annually from the failure to pen our stock at night. There is no ex- cuse for any Georgian staying poor or starving his lan I. "With his cotton seed and stable manure saved and composted with decayed leaves, pine straw, etc.. any farmer can become rich if he wants to and double the value of his land in three yers." -How much compost should be used to the acre V ' 1 is hard to use too much. In France the average is 20,000 pounds to the a.Te. A Georgia farmar will hardly average 10J pounds to the acre. I will average 10,000 pounds next year. Nothing pays so well." How do you scatter" so much to the acre V "Simplest thing in the world. I star' a t wo horse wagon through the field. 1 put eight ne-roes with half oushe! baskets without handles, un. der their arms in the track of each wagon. Tney sift the compost out of the baskets as they walk along, and have their baskets filled from the wagon. I have changed the position of tuy cotton rows four inches to the right every year, so that the compost would be thrown in new strips every year. In this way I have fertilized my whole field, instead of enriching the sanu ro.vs year after year. I shall hereafter broadcast it." 'Your whole secret then is cheap and intelligent manure, and plenty of it r -Yes. I've shown you the money profit in manure. I've shown yo the added value it gives to land. There are many other advantages. You make your crop quicker and with K ss danger. 1 made last year -mark this forty-seven oales on sixty five acres in three mouths and five lays. It was planted June 5th and the caterpillar fi ushed it on Septem ber 10th. 1 showed the agricultual society a staU livj feet high with 126 boll actual count on it. The sed from which this plant grew was planted just fifty-nine days before. Cotton giovvn this way can be pick ed with half the cost and time of orlinary cottoa. O.i my cotton ijui l this year I raiseu one hundred uushels of oats to the acre, and after cleaning off the stubble, I planted the cotton, one stalk of which I showe I the convention." -Of course, in your five years of stu ly you have discovered other im pioveinents in cotton planting ?" "Certainly. One is not to drop tne cotton sed in a continuous row, t iu t simply to put a few seed in the hill wnere you want a pUnt. By strewing the seed in a sprinkled row there is a grejt wa&te. A cotton iced is like an egg. hen the chick is born t!'ere is nothing but the shell left. Vhen the seed has sprouted tnere is nothing but the shell left. The fertilizing power of this seed is lost,. Worse than this. It draws from the soil tor the elements that make it gro.v. It is left to deplete the soil in this way for two weeks at least, and is then chopped down, leaving only one out of twenty plants to grow to fruitage. My plan is to plant four or five sea 1 in a hill. The hills to stand iu four feet squares. Of these I would let two plants to t ia hill gro v to perfection. It t ikes tro.n two to four bushels of seel to pi. mt an. acre in the old way. By my plan a p ick to th j acre is enough, an I the soil is not drawn to support a tn.iltitu li of surphu plants for two or three weeks." "Is planting in four foot squares better tha i tha old waj. "Yes. cotton is a son plant and needs rom for its roots. When cramped to 12 or 15 inches it can not attain its perfect growth. My aim is to put thi plants two together in four foot squares, and average 75 . to 150 bolls to the plant. This will give un a poun 1 of see I cotton to the plant, or three bales to the acre." HE NEVER II02S HIS COTTON. 'What about hoeing your cotton ?" "I never touch it with a lh:. The growth of otto i crj.n ii' from the spreading filaments that reach ont from the root and feed it. If these are destroyed th3 growth stops till they are resroted. I'm satisfied that three hoaings lost me eighteen lays of gowth, or six days each. I ruii a shallow plow along the cotton i-ows, an I never go deep enough to tit the rots. But there are more letails in which men may ditfer. The m un thing U fie entensive sys tem of manuring an 1 the Imsb in bug ill the droppings and wastage of the farni or compost. I can take any 10 J acr.vs of 1 ii I i i.Grgia, ant xt a nominal cost can bring its protection- fro:n a sixth of a bale to COariETCED OCT FtfCTir PACflKj! n.