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COMMONWEALTH THE COMMONWEALTH. Advertising; Rates x 0 .ii 1 inch 1 week . . . $i.o. 1 1 month, - - . $2.50. Contracts for any space or time may be made at the office of The Common wealth. Transient advertisements must he pai for in advance. HE WEALTH An uncompromising Democratic Jour nal. Published every Thursday morning. E-E. HILEIARD, Prop'r. GEO. M. CARR, Editor. " THE LAND WE LOVE.' Terms : $2 00 per year in Advance. Subscription Rates ; 1 Copy 1 . Year. 1 " 6 Months, $2.00 $1.00. VOL. II. SCOTLAND NECK, N . C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1883. NO. 3. W. II. KITCHEN. W. A. DUNN. KITCHEN & DUNN, ATTORNFYS & COUNSELLORS AT LAW, Scotland Neck, N. O, fOfficeon 10th Street, first door above Mam. D? M. M. Johnson, filial f"Offioe over Bryan & Whitehead's Drug Store. Scotland Neck, N. C. Office hours from 8 to 5 o'clock. IlOTSJUOf) 0 SatpJODDB 8U0p 5JJOM XIV "0 M 'aoajtf aicvixoos Haanna pw hoiovbihoo D OLISON WHITEHEAD, Tonsorial Artist, Main Street, - - Near Tenth, SCOTLAND NECK. I KEEP a first-class house and sharp razors. The patronage of my old customers and the public generally SO' licited. Satisfaction guaranteed. Give me a call. BRYAN & WHITEHEAD WHOLESALE AND KETAIL DRUGGISTS, Cor. Main and 10th Sts., opposite Post Office, SCOTLAND NECK, N. C, ANI DEALERS IN Stationery and Toilet Articles, Shoulder Braces, Trusses, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye Stuffs, Glass, Putty, Carbon Oil, Lamps, Chimneys, &c. State Agents for J. W. Weakley, Jr., & Co'? Electro Magnetic Bmsb. Country Merchants will nnd it to their interest to call and examine goods and prices before buying elsewhere. Physicians Prescriptions accurately compounded at all hours, day or night. and orders answered with care and dis patch. aST" Stock kept complete by frequent arrivals. GENERAL DIRECTORY. SCOTLAND NECK. Mayor W. II. Shields. Commissioners Noah Biggs. M. Hoft man, 11. M. Johnson, K. Allsbrook. Meet first Monday in each month at o'clock, P M. Chief of Police J. A. Perry. Assistant Policemen C. W. Dunn, W E. Whitmore, C. Speed. Sol. Alexander, Treasurer R M Johnson. Clerk K. Allsbrook. CHURCHES : Baptist J. D. Hufham. D. D Pastor Services every Sunday at 11 o'clock, A M., and at 7, P. M. Also on Saturday before the nrst Sunday at 11 o'clock, A, M. Prayer Meeting every Wednesday night. Sunday School on Sabbath morn ing. Primitive Baptist Eld. Andrew Moore Pastor. Services every third Saturday and Sunday morning. r Methodist Rev. C. W. Byrd, Pastor, Services at 3 o'clock, P. M. on the second and fourth Sundays. Sunday School on Sabbath morning. ! Episcopal Rev. H. G. Hilton, Rector. Services every first, second and , third Sundays at 10 o'clock, A. M. Sunday School every Sabbath morning. Meeting ,of Bible class on Thursday night at the residence of Mr. P. . Smith. Baptist (colored,) George Norwood, Pastor. Seryices every second Sunday at 11 o'clock, A. M., and 7, P. M. Sun day School on Sabbath morning. o COUNTY. Superior Court Clerk and Probate Judge John T. Gregory, nferior Court--Geo. T. Simmons. ; Register of Deeds J. M. Grizzard. Solicitor A. J. Burton. Sherifl R. J. Lewis. Coroner J II Jenkins. Treasurer E. D. Browning. Co. Sunt. Pub. Instriintinn Ti n Clark- Keeper of the Poor House John Ponton. Commissioners Chairman, Aaron Pres- cutt, sterling Jonnson, Dr. W. K. Wood, John A. Morfieet, and M. Whitehead. auPeor Court Every third Monday in iuarcn ana September. ln!or Court Every third Monday in reoruary, May, August and November. Judge of Iuferior Court T. N. Hill. Governor Jar?is at Boston. Speaks for the South. Boston Papers. Gov. Jarvis was next introduced and was received with cheers. He spoke as loiiows Ladies and Gentlemen. I only wish that tlie whole South, which I reely represent here to day, could . . 1.1 1 1 A. ' I nave witnesseo me Kinu reception ou have given its representatives, thank you, sir, and I thank this I people for your kind words of us and for their kind approval. I come not from the South to New England to shake hands across a bloody chasm, for thank Heaven into that chasm the people have voluntarily poured all their hates and animosities, and time has covered them over, and I come, sir, to clasp hands with you uu "o . r,; nrnanarifv nf nmM tUU TT iil. IV 1 VJMVt M.VJ v. m uua w-. I nronmnc oinfrxr I A nn oiiop n,;hf i,oa haan thA A.nMe nuauTi juxuu " ' "v-v'" . W mn.r .n flinoo liflRop. ences have been settled, and, I thank RPtt.lpd fnrftvpr. and in our dav ni Mnotinn r a r,ni.n9p 1 What., ever the causes were that kept us gv-iu.i.. L r 1 'J " apart in sympathy and in brotherly feeling so long after the war ended, hey too have passed sway, and II .lintra 4lmf tn.rlotr fho npnnlp nf this country can man in on ir aanfinn I North or South. East or West, and clasp each other and look each other in the faces as friends and as Amer ican citizens. Applause. I have been asked to speak partic ularly for the South. 1 would, my friends, that I were able to do that section of our country more full jus- ticeon this occasion. When the war ended we returned from the field sav we because nearly all the men of the South were in the war to find any harsh feelings, or any harsh lau nnr section in ruins, our homes des-1 guage used bv one section of our ooiled and our fields wasted. But we returned, having pledged our fi delity to the Union, with a fused pur nose to remain faithful to the obliga tion. TApplause. We found when we returned to our iomes a totally cnangeu couuuion . . n - ,1 J!i! of thing from that which we left. We bund four millions of people that lad been slaves suddenly made free- 1 I I 1 '1 I P 1 A. men. l liev naa Deen laimiui to us in slavery, faithful to our wives and children, and all at home, wlien we were in the field to continue them as slaves. We felt that their new con- dition ot things ought to be adjusted amicably, and adjusted equally, and adjusted properly and justly to them, so that we had no small tasK Deiere us. But we commenced the work inlevery American citizen. Applause. good laitn ; out, oeiore we uau scarce- ly begun to progress, Congress in its wisdom and I do not say it com- trklniTiinrrlvT.aid rfnwn its Scheme Of I admitting the Southern States into th TTninn and readiusting our rela-In tiimi in that ffovernment: and inhn.in anA we have me tn vnnr their wisdom they acyustea me reia- tions of those who had been slaves, trai. natrintinallv Cnnoreas mav have acted, it fell in its results with crushing effect upon the South, be- State and enun- .. . . fw nAvornmonf-. nasa into the bandSNrmAnoooMcnlnfinno anrlthat thnae e Qrtia nrhn riirl nnt manage for thel.,.!.;,,, , n,0f tha r.anoa r th 1 . .... I nforoata nf t.hfl section UieV reDre- sented. It is but due, in my opinion, to the South, that I should say, even here, that the desire to develop the resources of our section, and to bring our interests in harmony with 4-Va intoroota nf the Tin 1 On. Was What made the South solid, not from any bU9 ilEtl. " I t t i e i-i ,.,f c.lm i the fact that we felt that our own n- i. 4. ,t TTVir T am anre ducaiia ICMUllcu iw you will agree witt me that there can be no prosperity in the North or in the South ,or in any other section or State where the people do not live under just and wise laws, equally and faitniuny aaminisiereu. laP rjlause.T Soon after that came the panic of 1873, so mat me ueveiop- - j . ... j , i mem. Ul tuc ouum m interests has only commenced wi h- m me last ieu uu- m to tne material interesis ui uur uuuu- i i,oQ t nnW heen radn.L... wofi.afih0 fintj, ii . l t- l. .-r, Uiif that na. ycimuua, "",r-J, . "A ai, uui ib uos uccu - f nl001r tn sav it to vou here to-day, haB been great. The State trom wniCU X uauiw . i . i r I can speak of that more particularly, North Carolina in her material pros- perity, in her wealta, m ner peace, iu her laws, in all tnai goes w maw a Oiaie ureal. uu ius trtrj -&. , . i. rn stands to-dav higher than she ever tuau uc stood before in all ler history. I Ap- plause.J Her agriculture nas ueeu multiplied; ner maauiacmring "ii - est have been largely mcreaseu. Within th last five years over twen- ty new cotton factories nave Deen ti in iu-. i. n.,.me in ouf State manufactories twi?e the iu out Dtw uiim- amount of cotton we aia nve yew are also largely increased and tne mineral interests are developing, and all over North Carolina to-day mere . ..n ond Han is a feeling of contentment and hap piness among the people, and pros nerit.tr ana neace is abounding. In Anme of the other States the develop ment has been auite as remarkable. We felt in the South, and we feel to us to an adsolute and complete rec-1 onciliatipn, but our interest alike re quires it ; and it is with pride and pleasure that I say to-day, that not only our desires lead us .to an abso lute and complete reconciliation, but our interest alike requires it ; and it our interest alike requires it; and it h3 witn pre an(j pleasure that I say to-dav that whatever the leading cit- izens of Nort h Carolina and the South have been alife to do they have glad- ly done. Patriotism has had its work. TTM " t f f i 1 I f 11 ine spirit oi our iamers na? laneii upon us. The centennials that were held, beginning here in your own sec- tion and going to Philadelphia and King's Mountain, and to Cowpens and to Yorktown, had the effect to bring our people together, to let them look each other in the face, and the spirit of the fathers was revived among them again. Applause. But, as much as that has contributed to bring about this feeling ot abso lute reconciliation and brotherly love . " " y . . I Umnntf on r n Ann le T (In Tint think it I f v"fvI ' - 1 haa hpon ennal In the neranna inter. ohihitinr. t. A Miinf.n. fwn vftra mm - o I TSTnrf h rlnwn tn t.h Smith and the people began to feel that their busi- ness interests reauired all these ani- mnaitipa and hit.t.ftrnessfts. and re- " , ' " membrances of the past, to be forgot- ten. And when your oommittee from this society visited Kaieign last win ter, asking JNortn Carolina to come hprp And inin in t.hia aYhihit.inn. T rrloHlxr ura onmarl tho nnnnrtnnitv tnr I us to come as business men of this country and shake hands with you " . I for the material interest of our com mon country, over which floats but one nag. Applause, And 1 ap prehend, my fellow-citizens, my friends, that the common sentiment of all this country now is, that our personal interests as citizens, in the business relations of life, require and demand that no more shall there be country towards the other. Ap plause. There were in days past and gone the most intimate relations between New England and North Carolina. Many of our most distinguished scholars in the early History ot our State came from New England, and manv nf nur mnat distinoriiished fam iiinA,.nafh0;rf(,mii nrkin iriW I 1- I XT,.. 1 1 .1 ..,. . ii iv mj new Ciiiinuu. auu vu ic- -!,. mu thaRnofnn h.rhnr 1UC1UUC) b J I tU IT "U UUV JHV11 Ul bill was passed, all over the colony Qf Xorth Carolina public meetings were held, and delegates apppointed to a common meeting, and when that meeting was held they passed resolu tions declaring that the cause of the ueoole of Boston was the cause of they gathered up from the colo nv shiploads of provisions, and brought them to your harbor and emp llA fhnn1 tho lannf imminanhla r Applause. We think down in North arAlina fliof nomnlo rA a n fTVr. relief. We understand that you are suffering with too much money and U nl.fnr anA -o hoVJ&calt to point out anomer oLate, ?athered up our shiploads again, and e have brought it and put it upon -u:k:h thia ima. mo. .nf Ciuiuiuuu, nonnlo ni'Wnrlh nam inn nnrt the on.l tire South in the struggle for devel Qpment and prosperity is the ; cause 0f every American citizen. Ap- Diause. There mav be. mv friends, here and there, scattered , oyer the Icntl. orvmn man nnnr on rl thAnf wlm gita bv the dead ashes of the past to LjUUIlUf illlUlV HWif MUV VMU . . - w , mi . l . anj then at the North, a man who :n aa Will UU1UU tu BUUU au lUUll luum aa the rUntativeof the Soutli. But I declare here today that neither ot this class of persons represents eith- er one Df the sections. And I ask you to turn with me your backs upon the past and leave all such things oe hind us : and let us look forward to the future, with its bright hopes and I Willi IIS riCU rewuiuo. auu line this magnificent building, dedicated I . . . a irjr, iidwum -" .uv w ? 1 1 diu you join me in wis icuuiucm, .-;.! 4. iK mo clinr. And here '0'n this sacred . . anil watered hv the Olooa orunr Da-1 triot ancestors, we kneel at thy shrine an(j Piace our choicest offerings upon thy altar and pledge our best service to thee. ; Thy people, one in senti- uieuu, witu me lias u vucn taiucis , .. . , - .. anove mem ana me voa 01 meir aoove them and the fathers to guide them, shall work out for the boundless possibilities, and imafce tny destiny tne grandest ot an Qaman governments. I Lioud ap piause Oh. Charles, let us turn and ero off some other way ; there is that bad I m fVvllnlI,innp .. ' """" vo wnn ih r.rie leiiaw. inv ueuur . -wny mfc ia tu xuu n near marrying me before I met you 1 just uate mm j I "Rv Jove ! SO C By Jove so do I." "You?" "Yaas." "You dont know him. How can yon hate him ?" "He didn't marry you NORTH CAROLINA, PAST AND PRESENT. Raleigh, N. C. Aug. 8. When the cotton exposition was held in Atlanta two years ago, the legislature of Georgia refused to make an appropriation to pay for an exhibition ot the States products.and this refusal has frequently been quo ted as an evidence of legislative stu pidity and southern ignorance of the benefit of advertising. And it has been quoted somewhat unfairljv for the New England people who had the pleasure of going to Atlanta last year will bear witness that the Georgians did themselves proud. Before any man in Boston allows himself to draw a too sweeping conclusion about the southern ignorance of the benefit of advertising, let him surprise himself by visiting the space in the Boston exposition, which has so kindly been given to the State of North Carolina. The legislature last winter, at the in- e j :.,.. r k l iucuiicv-wio vjl iuc cajju- . . , . . awiTiiMu. promptly caiiea on me people to sena : I , .3 1, especially pei;xiueu oi m urouuuta of the earth, from diamonds and PiUC8 aic uw jCci3; iu c potatoes and medicinal herbs (which A 'TH, uul S'i respouueu w.m au aiacruy mcuu u them credit, and with a generosity whioh takes from the advertisement of the State's resources all hint of ubibuuoi K""1' a uiic iu wwc n l l An1 it able and useful products of the for est, of the bowels of the earth, and of the soil, in the collection that has been sent than any other State in the Union can show. Merely as a enriosity it is worth an examination. This brave old declivity from Mt. Mitchell to Hatteras was used by Nature so a trustworthy legend runs as a garden of experiment. She planted here all things that were fair and useful, and sent seeds and cuttings to the other parts of the con tinent frr uphof o rar will orrnw onv where else grows now somewhere here. Zeal for Development. But this is an old story and mere pleas antry to boot. For two centuries the world has known, or ought to have known, of the versatility of this soil and of the variety of its natural riches. Now, however, a new purpose has ' i.l .1 -P l-l orw ir IbUKlMl I, lie Ul LUC Ulll. anw in' . . . stead of talking longer about our nat I ,11 I 1 1 4 I . f-j-h l mr A I ura wea.tu, wen aic UJ lb. ilUI 3 tb UUtJ V" vn .. . 1 . 1 . T 11(1 T.J nr IIIUI1 whose pleasure or whose proht it is to talk that are eager for the devel opment of the State's resources. It is the dominant desire ot the citizens of the State from one end to the other. The prime hindrance of great er Drosoeritv. of education, of the building of railroads, of the establish ment of manufactories, ot the crea tion and utilization of wealth, and of the general auickeniug of tins ancient I ClVlilZfttlOOj liUa UtScIl tile i more dense population. No country wttu 1C" Fc"i . more prosperous, and it would be dif- whloh. ,wltb wo?ey. has fne s? mu,as Wh Carolina has done since ioou, lue uuuuianuu i i-nc . ,OQA . 1 qqq MQ WUOIC Otate 111 loou x.u.wx, i whom, 531,277 were negroes, and the l.ann ia-AQ KQf onnonll milaO TwOntlT " w.""" Hut"c "J"v-- " V eight persons to the square mile is such a sparse population, that if every man, woman and child old enough to crv were stationed eauidistant from one another on a calm d&y, not every one could hear the voice of his near . , , r . , ,...4. e8t neigUDor ; yes lewwouiutry uu. lover a son mat wouiu not ivu em- Payment, lood. raiment to a dense and tnrirty 1 and homes people. Be- i , , .. . ,1 t "de8: hl t'" ' " if may be left out of the calculation. It is no wonder, therefore, that the civ ilization of to-day is not radically other than the civilization of a hun dred years ago in most parts of the State. Without markets or sumcieni methods of transportation ; without I -ii :i:.: r nnmhinaHnn . . . .. smnihie cial tension enjoy, it is impossiDie i vr uilu uumijuumwivo wuv w v ft tK. nnnl even to fret the ful i - , , - . iu wu f i,Q iruil-3 Ui tueu unu wum. " w eed and what they desire.is men and I mnnffT But neither men nor money goes to unprofitable places. inai domi may come here with profit the exhib it in Boston is intended to prove. If a million industrious people from . . .n Nflw Rnaland were to come to mis . - State within the next five years, every family bringing only enough money to buy a few acres of land or to set in motion simple and useful macnin- erv tn work the raw material iuai . .. - - . . ii 1L. 4. lies unwrought within profitable use. thev could find permanent homes and become independent; and their coming would make the million that 1 15 v here nnw ten-fnld more DrOSPer- " -1," li-il VT mt. iuub. iuia nuuiu iuiuit mv y "v---v.--0 a,.fSU v .W4IVftv ter that now runs to waste . through land that will produce cotton and rice and enrn and 31 the cereals, to say nothing of all the fruits, besides the raw material that now grows ouc of the ground and is hidden under it, don't cherlwould tarn machinery for more proi petus which established ,hem had opened cheap ways to the world's markets than can now be found in all the southern States of the Miss issippi Who would consume all these things? All the nations of the earth, if we were wise enough to uns'.iackle our comraeroe and to take the world's markets away from England. North Carolina's Invitation. But there is no necessity to suppose that men were wise, or that a million immigrants will come here, Iq aay with confidence that aue man or 10, or that 1,000 or that $1,000,000 can come profitable, without more. All the agricultural products, many and rich as they are, that ar& on inhibi tion in Boston were grown here and 'aj uc giunu iia ai utility U II 1 1 111 I leu I quantities, and all the timber and all the minerals seen there awaitin" the hands of men of skill, enterprise and capital. There is not an agricultural product there but men have got rich growing it here since 1870, except, indeed, the few specimens of av wed- y experimental productsnor U there an industry that the timbers and min- erals suggest which has not built the fortunes of other men. From silk culture to tne manuiacture ot cars, every industry has been tried, and at east on a small scale proved pronta- ble. With or without immigrants, with or without capital, North Caro- ina will Ultimately bcoorne, by the help or in spite of the tariff, like Ohio, both a great agricultural and a greaj manuiactunng-ocace. nut to nasten its development it nas lormu- ated its invitation to New England la tnese dumo hut eloquent nax- mens of her products. Notable Changes. There has been a great and significant change wrought here since I first had the pleasure of writing about North Car olina and her people for the readers of the pQSt.' Then, as short a time as it has been, I had to go slowly on ong journeys, at great expense, to find out the simplest information, aad statistics were not to be got. Now, in the well equipped office of the commissioner of agriculture, I can find out in an hour more valuable in formation than I could tnen get in a month. Nathaniel Macon, George E. Badger and the late Edward J. Hale were great and wiso North Car oliniaus in their day, and the oldest readers oi the 'Post will recall tho national reputation that they enjoyed. let, the present commissioner of agriculture and the secretary of the boardMr. MoGehee and Mr. Wil son and 3lr. if. 11. llale wlio, with out official connection with the otfice and without pay from it, is making of the information it affords, and much more, one of the most useful series of descriptive books ever pub lished about any State, these gen tlemen, who are direct decendants.or close family connections of these three great men. can give a stranger more practical information about the State and its opportunities in a dav than the older and more distinguish ed generation ever knew. I can as sert now with confidence, what I ventured to say two years ago, more from astonishment and enthusiasm than from knowledge, that no other hand nas been neia so long Dy an 111 1 1 Anglo-Saxon people and is yet so virgin. A description of the exhibits that have been sent to Boston would be superfluous for readers who will see them. To say that it is meant in good faith as an appeal for thrifty men to come here would also be su- perfluous, if it had not been said that; coming here is "A tool s h,rrand. -Walter H. Page, in Boston Post. SLAPPED ON BOTH CHEEKS. thk WIGHT OF LADIES TO BE SEATED IN THE CARS ASSERTED WITH EMPHASIS. A disturbance ocowrreoV yesterday afternoon on one of the trains from Rockawav Beack to the city over the New York & Rockaway Railroad. The train was crowded, and all the seats were occupied. In one of the cars stood two ladies, one of whom, who was rather delicate in appear ance, carried a child iu her arms. Near to them stood an elderly gen tlemen, tall, erect of carriage, and with white hair and beard. - He was evidently concerned over the fact that a lady, who seemed in delicate heaitn, . should be compelled to stand with hoow n'iild in liw nrmR while man men nccimied seats around her. As a jolt of the car precipitated the la- flies violently forward snd almost r ... . caused the one with the child to lose her balance, the old gentleman could evidently stand it no longer. He ad- yanced to a seat close to the ladies in which were comfortably ensconced fw vnnn men .v,. j . .. ... "Gentlemen " he said, witn every outward show of courtesy, but with a liht inflection of contempt in his voice, "permit me to call your atten tion to the fact that there are two ladiea atanflintr here who have been unable to find seats. One of these ladies is embarrassed with a chil I The young men, who were of the "nobby" dressed, self-sufficient Upe of cityyouth, stared insolently at the sDeaker. ,-, - . 'We've paid our fare,' answered one nf the vonnff men in a saffron necktie, 'and we're entitled to seats.' If you make that a point,' said the old gentlemen, 'sooner than see these ladies stand, I will refund you your fares in return for the two seats.' 'We don't want jour money,' re- retorted the. vounff man. wlio had spoken before, insolently. 'We just want to stay where we are.' Iheoldman flushed angrily. "I come from the South,' he said, 'and if there a man were to act as you do nnaer tnese circumstances, we should look upon him as a cur and Ditch him out of the window.' 'Do you call me a cur?' screamed the young fellow, springing to his feet. 'Do vou refuse to relinmiiah vnnr seal T 'Yes ; and do you call me a cur?' 'I consider you to be far lower than a cur.' As the old gentleman uttered these words the young fellow martf n threatening motion, but the old man was too quick lor him. He drew back his right hand and admin st.Ard his opponent a stinsmer slao on t,hf cheek. Instantlv he executed asim. ilar manoeuvre with his left hand. l he smacks ran out loud and clear above the rumbling noise of the train. The young man was stacered a"d his companions sprang up to assist him. Other passengers, however. whose attention had been attracted bv the quarrel, sprang to the old gen- tleman's side and prevented any fur- tner violence. The ladies, to whom attention had been attracted by the old gentleman's interference in their behalf, had. unnoticed bv him. been provided with seats bv fellow Dassen- gers a few seconds before the quarrel culminated in the warmin of the whippersnappers's ears! NO TAXATION UPON THE NECESSARIES UN- DER THE TARIFF. The Star had exceeding admira- tion for Judge Black. It rewarded him a9 one of the ablest and purest of Americans of the last fifty vears. lie was a man of strong feelings and earnest convictions, lie was a true Democrat. His standing in the esti mation of a considerable circle in the North is much affected by his deter- miueu, ciear, ana pronounced opin ion on State Rights, and the uncon stitutionality of the Reconstruction Acts. But Judge Black was not by any means infallible and his earnest a Imirers have never claimed it for him. He had opinions and convic- ions and these he was able to pre sent in a luminous and vigorous way. Jis reasoning was greater than his judgement. He was thoroughly hon est, anit for that and other -reasons heretofore stated he was to be hon ored and held in high regard. Just now his views on the Tariff - are going lue rounds, tie is quoted as saying that tue internal revenues must be abolished and all of the taxes for the support of the Government shall be raised under the Tariff. His idea is that by reducing the Tariff upon the thousands of articles taxed under the Republican Tariff that you can raise enough and can thus do away with the internal taxes. I -r . . y . .now the star will not gainsay that idea, although we are really much inclined to believe that it will not work as well as many Democrats think. But if the tariff were read- justed and reduced so as to make it do all that is claimed: nay, if it would do a great deal more if it would raise as many hundred of millions as the present Tariff and the Internal Revenue system com bined raise, would it be right to wipe out the latter? This paper has said no, and it stands squarely by that declaration, and for this reason : It is a wrong principle to tax the common household necessaries the commodities of the people in univer sal use and not tax such useless lux uries as whiskey and beer, tobacco, I and cigars We repeat, it is a wrong principle, because it is unjust, because it is un equal, because it bears heavily upon the laboring classes and exempts from taxation those articles that are not necessary to man's health or comfort and that can be dispensed with, and that of all the productions of the world can best bear the heaviest tax. The consumer pays the tax I 1 . . I A. Those wno do not use mem uo noi aipay a lartuing oi tax in a nie time, vl AdoDt the idea of Judge Black and some other Democrats, and you I . m - Ml 311 11 A. cause 140 million aonars annuauy iu be lost to the country forever. The public must supply this loss. Not a part but all must supply it. xney must supply it by agreeing that the fax on these plain and posative necessaries o nj e siau connue under the Tariff. This is unjust to I . . Hf.l. the laboring ulasb. It is not Derriocratic. It is not in accordance with the sound doctrine - that this is a Governmentor the peo- pie. it win oppress unaa uwu. lessly and to that extent it will be in violation to that sound principle of a Government for the people The Star favors putting every household article all things used by the entire lafboring class r? the coun try upon the free list. If the Tariff as readjusted could raise the needed revenue without taxing the necessaries a penny, we would not object then to wiping out the tax on whiskey and tobacco. And.why think you ? We nnswe : First, because there would lu n surplus if this was not done, and we are opposed to a surplus, regarding it as dangerous. " Second, because the principle we contend for would still be operative. to-wit, the revenues would still he raised on the luxuries. But this cannot be done. We have before shown wh . Remember that in 187 of the total 131 millions raised under the Tariff 8G millions was raised upon the necessaries of life. So, however reconstructed, re adjusted aud reduced the Tariff mav be it cannot possibly raise revenue enough to support the General Gov eminent without taxing that large class of articles known among politi cal economists as necessaries-articles that every family is (nnm.ll.i.i ... " . i ,w use more or less. It is known that those Democratic papers that are most insistent for an income tax base their argument mainly upon the fact that it is the only eyual and just tax inasmuch as it bears upon the rich upon what they iare upon their property. They say any other kind of taxation is unequal because it taxes the poor who consume as much as the rich and necessarily so, and they have to procure this by hard labor, Wc do not deny the force of the argument in favor of an income tax. The wealth of a country ought to be taxed. England, wisest and most prosperous of countries, taxes in comes, and it taxes luxuries also and do not forget it. The Star thinks a tax on necessaries under the Tariff is wrong because it taxes the pour as much as the rich. The tax is un just and unequal. The Star would therefore tax all luxuries whether un der the T, ritf or under the Internal System. By doing this it will relieve the commodities of life, lift the bur dens from the poor and., the hard worked, and tax the wealth of the country Wil. Star. VANOERBILT'S MONEY. Oath in Cincinnati Inquirer "Can you tell me," I asked, 'where Vanderbilt's money, I mean the old man's money, is invested ?" "He has $45,000,000 in govern ment bonds left. He has $20,000 on Lake Shore and New York' Central, probably more of it in La.'ve Shore. He has $10,000,000 iu Northwestern stock and bonds, lie has some thing in Michigan Central. He lias stock in the Red line and other freight companies. I estimate his wealth at from $160,000,000 to $200,000,000 I knew his father well, and I think that the prudence of his son is equal to his fathers enterprise. The old man laid the basis of his fortune in running opposition. He then bought ill-run properties in good places, and economized them, and watered their stock when they could stand it. We have now come to a lime when it is more proper to sell many of that class of stocks than to buy them." "Is Vanderbilt a stringy man?" "I think not. You saw the other day that he gave $3,000 to the wait ers at a White Mountain hotel. At his death he may make, and probobly will make, special provisions for phi lanthropy, but if he were to open his time and doors to mere solicitors of money, he would have no peace at all. I think he has done as little harm with so much money as -ever was known in this world. lie has a very arge family, and if you will observe the philanthropists they were child less, generally. Corcoran, Girad, Peabody and A. T. Stewart had no children. Vanderbilt has a large famiby He lies made them all com fortable, endowed them well, and I can tell you that when he resigned form the New York Central Railroad he did not tell his sons about it. When asked afterward why he did it he said : "I did not want them to discuss the question with me. My mind was made up. My children have as much money as they ought to have. wanted other men to take the obli gations I have been carrying." "What are you doing there ?" de manded a policeman of a man who sat on a fence howling at the top of his voice. "That feller over there in that house shot my dog because he howl ed, and I'm carrying out the dog's contract.' I'm go'm ' to howl here until I think the dog is sufficiently avenged. If lie shoots me, ray son will howl out my contarct, and if fur ther harm should befall my family, my wife will come out and howl till he can't rest. Oh, but we ar howl ers, we are." Arkansaw Traveler. "Greek ? Do I undershtavdt Greek ?" said a jolly German. "Veil sbust can shmile. Vy ven I vas a leedly poy I alvays shwim en dot greek inshtead oph dot riffer.' New York Commercial Advertiser.