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The Democrat. (Scotland Neck, Halifax Co., N.C.) 1884-1896, February 26, 1885, Image 1

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THE DEMOCRAT PUBLISHING CO., PUBLISHERS.
SUBSCRIPTION PRICE $2.00 PER YEAR.
VOLUME I.
SCOTLAND NECK, HALIFAX CO., N. C. .THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1885.
NUMBER 14.
. THOUGHT.
lack and forth across the woof of yeare
The shuttle of each life th3 weaver throws ;
And here and there small bits, whence no
one knows,
Link with the tnreaa tne mystic pasiern
weaving,
tien lose themselves amid the smiles and
tears
Vich o'er the web are lights and shadows
leaving.
heard them not those fragments inter
lacing "ith ours some life that crossed our nstth
f one day,
Bo many seems the tangled threads that
stray,)
til amazed we pause, some figure tracing
hrown up in bold relief, and see and
know
h thread whose worth we failed to under
stand,
ut now whose wondrous beauty serves to
show
matchless wisdom of the Master Hand,
k Sally Neill Roach, in the Current.
XANCES DE HARTE.
.
A TRUE STORY.
cbrc than seventy years ago there
1 in Demerara, British Guiana, a
ter whose name was De Harte. He
I near Georgetown, the principal sea
iof that colony, and owned a large
lation, which produced in great
idance the products of that tropical
I This plantation was tilled by ne
llaves, as this time was before slavery
.abolished in the British empire.
Ve household of De ilarte consisted
jmself, his two daughters, and his
nts ; his wife had been dead years
Vft Tip. n nriof lnvtinnna lifrt
- " " 'VV Ml AH A UA WU, JUL.
I the world as did the slaves who
-his lands. - - '- -
he was a brisk trade then, as bow,
len Uemerara and various warts of i
I Twin. I . 1 1 1 1 V'j -
in tho harbor . of Georgetown;
re goous ana notions were ex
cel for molasses, rum, spices and
Sal fruits.
captain of one of these Connect!-'
prchant vessels made the acquaint-.
t JJe Harte, visited his plantation.
as hospitably treated; but thegen-
nnd unsuspecting South American
selv rewarded for his kindness.
arte's two daughters were vounsr
e eldest, Frances, was sixteen ;
nger, wnose name is now forgot-
s a -.beautiful girl ; this one had
een robust, and, as a consequence,-
ien tenderly brought up. Neither
e young ladies had ever known
want or caie, nor were they likely
tar as human eves could see.
Iain B advised De Harte to have
lighters educated in New England,
pg out the advantages of an edu-
and residence in New England ;
e tone! father was loth to send
pway so far: 'The captain urged
uiuimsiuji io taice i ne best care ot
f Is, to look after their welfare in
respect. In short to care for
pa if they were his own daughters.
manner he induced De Harte to
o his wishes.- The pirls.
favored the plan, being like most
people, pleased with the thought
ting foreign countries.
this was all rijrht. and the nlan
r education an excellent one, had
P Jo been an honest man ; but he
Villain, and this movement was
fans of bringing great injustice
Vrow upon De Harte and his
J time the vessel sailed. De Harte
inied his daughters on board,
.eflder farewell of them, commit
im to the care of this man in
ie had perfect confidence. He
3. to his home with that lonely
which parents feel when the chil
ie gone. The lonely years lay be
n, but he little knew the sorrow
for him and them,
icir arrival in Connecticut they
aced immediately in school. They
need their studies with interest,
fc most South Americans seventy
go, they were very ignorant
I of these girls could read or
Jhe end of the term Captain B
he hllis, which was the last money
feceived from him. "When payment
Ibecame due he told them he had
d no money from De Harte. Thev
ued awhile longer at school, ex-
funds to arrive from home. The
did not come, and. Captain B
iold them that they need expect
e monev from their father, and
y must take care of themselves.
St this time the younger girl died ;
never been strong from child
jmd the cold winter of New Eng
ias too severe for her. A lung
I set in which soon terminated her
JTe. It is a sad part of our story
ath of this young and gentle girl;
ke should-die in a strange land un
fchffi"ictive circumstances is truly
ut those who believe in revelation,
ok from this world to a better
fill be gratified to know that she
Christian. She passed away
ully, looking by faith to that
ir country," "where there is no
' or crying, for the former things
assed away."
Inext that we know of Frances,
er sister, is that she was earninsr
hood in Jewett City, Conn. This
mail village then, but little like
Kett City of to-day ; yet even then
Fas a small factory on the banks
ratcnouge river. In this little
Francis De Harte found emplov-
or many years. There is some-
touching and even sublime in the
t ot tins friendle&s enrl earninf
est living, hfv hard labor, in nrf-
to being dependent upon others.
uiuoi, remember that she had
ared in a home of wealth and
m a. warm country, where all the
iors were calculated to ennr-
body and mind ; she had iust
er onlv sistor and frini . k
1, the strange and unnatural
t of her father was enough tn
to despair. Now many women
cumstances would hav rnm.
icide. or sunk 'into n Ufa f
d misery. Let those who are
tempted take encouragement
the heroine of this true story.
!ng and caring as. little about the-!-mer
remembering that honest labor, next to
faith in God, is the best antidote for all
sorrow.
Frances was industrious and trusty as
an operative, and had the respect of
those who knew her ; she was economi
cal in the use of money, and managed to
lay up most of her earnings against sick
ness or any other calamity.
Wnen she had been at the factory
awhile she made the acquaintance of a
young man, which acquaintance proved
a great misfortune to her. John M
C was one of those worthless char
acters found in all classes of society; he
had a handsome person, and pleasing
manners, but was fickle-minded and un
principled. He took a fancy to the
pretty South American girl, and paid his
addresses to her. After a short acquaint
ance they were married; this was the
most unwise step taken during the years
of her trial. Her husband diserted her
in less than a year, without, acquainting
her or his employers of his departure.
No one knew where he went, nor was he
heard of there again.
His young wife was greatly shocked
and grieved; this was the most bitter
trial yet. She had loved and trusted
him as her only earthly friend ; no won
der that she felt crushed and broken
hearted ; but the promise of God came to
her aid; her brave and hopeful spirit
rallied, and she took up the burden of
life again.
About this time she became an inmate
ot my grandfather's family, and it is
from this circumstance that I became ac
quainted with her history. Here she
remained for months, and here her son
was born. The support of the childwas
an additional burden, but it was a bur
den that love made light. Her affection
for the child was a tie to earth which
otherwise had but little attraction.
She went to the factory again, nnd
worked patiently for years. TI . jurs
for labor were longer then than now.
and wages much smaller. In the suia-
time, when the long day's work was
over,, she might have been seen going to
pray grandfather's leading her little boy
'by-the-hand. - There was an oak tree on
the hillside half way to the house; here
Lsh'e wouldjetop and rest, and while the
hhilct played she would look away to the
south and ask herself if she would ever
see'her childhood's home again.
1 here-is no portrait of this young wo
man1 except what tradition has given us.
I remember of asking my mother's aunt
how Frances De Harte looked. "She
was rather short of stature." said she,
"and had a dark complexion, but her
eyes I shall never forget how they
looked; they were very dark, and. had a
deep, and far off look." She seemed
much affected during a thunder storm,
usually shedding tears. When asked if
she felt afraid, she replied: "No, but
the storm makes me think of home, for
we have them every day in Denuerara."
Here little John M C grew up a
tall and handsome boy ; he had the fine
form, blue eyes and fair complexion of
his unworthy father, but the pensive
smile reminded the . beholder of his
mother and her sorrows. '
After several years had passed, Frances
determined to visit Demer&ra; she' had
long desired to go. She had now; a lit
tle sum of money, the fruit of her toil
and economy. She accordingly pre
pared to visit her native country, and
that father whose strange conduct had
made her an exile from her childhood's
home.
The voyage to Demerara was lang and
tempestuous, and it seemed an age to
her before the vessel came in sight of
home. "With what filings must she
have watched the approaching shore!
There was the familiar frees, the cocoa
palms, lifting their statedy heads along
the coast. Yes, it was hfcme, but would
it be a home to her.
It would be interestsng to know the
particulars of the meeting between this
lather and daughter; Jt must have been
something like the meeting of Jacob and
his son Joseph; like Ahem of old.
Harte and his child had been separated
by the villainy of man.
That infamous Captain B had told
De Harte that his daughters were dead,
after first obtaining large sitmsof money,
which he claimed to hayte spent for
them. The father of coiO'so , believed
him, and, like Jacob of old, he mourned
for his children as dead.
Great was the grief and indignation of
De Harte when he learned what cruel
imposition had been practiced upon him
and his loved ones. As he looked at his
daughter, now a grave and qpiiet woman,
he wondered if she was the light
hearted girl whom he saw tail away to
the United States. And how strangely
he looked to her, with hi$ . white hair
and stooping form sorrow had made
him prematurely old.
.-- But what a change in his) life when
this child was restored ; everything on the
old plantation seemed brightened, for he
received her as from tie dead, believing
her to have been dead for years. - ,
"Father," said she, when they had
talked the subject over, "we will never
be separated again while we both live.'
And they never were.
Years passed away and her frienfl in
Jewett City heard nothing of her. But
one day in the summer of 1827, as the
stage-coach stppped in the village, a
dark-eyed woman stepped out fcnd in
quired it old Mr. B still lived; there.
Being answered in the affirmative, she
took her way up the long village street
and knocked at my grandfather's door.
It was Frances De Harte.
"What a joyful surprise it was, and
how eagerly they listened to . what had
befallen her since she went away. She
was a widow now, having married after:
her return to Demerara. Her father died
soon after her husband, leaving a large
property to her and the children. The
two little ones which her husband left
were at home in the care of the servants.
Her son John M C was with her,
now a grown up young mani
She visited all the familiar places,
especially the little factory where she la
bored so long; walked up thevhillside
and sat under the shade of the oak tree,
where she had so often rested when sad
and weary. And John was with her. no
longer a little child, but whose strong
arm could now assist her up the hill.
' But her visit in this country was not
long; those little ones at Demerara were
in her thoughts, and quickeped her steps
homeward.
Among the gifts left her friends was a
cocoanut shell carved by one of her ser
vants. This was given to my grand
mother, who kept it carefully during her
life; it then became my mother's, who
was choice of it for grandmother's sak;
it is now mine,.ddubly prized for.its in
teresting history, and its association
with the loved ones gone.
.Fifty-seven years have brought great
changes. There is probably no one now
living here who knew Frances De HarteY
If this story were a 'fiction, we could te"fl
the career of Captain B and hdw he
prospered with his ill-gotten gain; we
could tell the subsequent history of that
worthless husband ; but if we believe the
Lord reigns, we know that justice has
been given them, but when and how it
is not for us" to know. .
The oak tree mentioned above is still
growing on the hillside a beautiful and
noble tree ; these fifty-seven years have
greatly added to its beauty "and granr
deur. Houses have been built on the
hillside, and in summer time groups of
children can be seen playing under the
tree. But of all who have sought its
shade, which one has a more romantic
history than the subject of this story?
Charlotte Corday.
Charlotte Corday, who ended her short
but eventful life through the ministra
tions of the guillotine, in Paris, on the
17th of July, 1793, was the daughter of
a poor Norman nobleman, and was born
in the department of Orne, July 28, 1768.
Her father was the author of works of a
republican tendency, and she inherited
not only his literary, but also his liberally
patriotic tastes and temperament. She
was impulsive, vehement and passionate
to a high degree. She formed a violent
attachment for a young cavalry officer,
who was subsequently assassinated at
Caen. Determined to avenge the death
of her lover, who was a Girondist, she
went to Paris and took an apartment not
far from the dwelling of the great jour
nalist, Marat. For a time she was
undecided" as-.to- whether Robes
pierre or Marat V should be the
victim .ofi-her .vengeance. The ad
vocacy by '"the ; lattjer "of the killing of
more Girondists deeided her choice.
Providing herself with a knife, she
called at Marat's house on the evening of
July 13 and with some difficulty obtained
an audience, having promised t o acquaint
Marat with the plots of the Girondists at
Caen. Marat listened tc? her story, and
at its conclusion remarked : ."Within a
week they will go to the guillotine." At
that moment the young woman drew the
knife and plunged it to the hilt in
Marat's heart. The blow was not only
struck with lightning-like quickness, but
was aimed with a bold and untrembling
hand.
Charlotte Corday was tried on the
morning of July 17 and was beheaded
on the evening of the same day. Her
courage did not forsake her, and she
proclaimed, as she was brought face to
face with the instrument of death, that
she had "killed one man to save a hun
dred thousand." Her courage bo im
pressed an unfortunate young German
enthusiast named Lux that he wrote- a
pamphlet suggesting the- erection of a
statue to her memory, for which unwel
come suggestion he was himself arrested
and subsequently guillotined.
' In the Soudan.
Mr." J. A. Cameron, the war corre
spondent of the London Standard, who
was killed in the battle of Abu-Klea
wells, sent to his paper two weeks be
fore his death the following interesting
pen picture of the country between Donr
gola and Khartoum traversed by the
English army: "The small towns are
built of sun-dried brick, on gravelly,
sterile land, and are surrounded by date,
orange, lemon and pomegranate trees.
The Egyptian houses, even of the better
class, have not much furniture. There
is a bed-frame, with strips' of buffalo
hidej stretched across it, on which are
laid neatly -made maps, so that it forms
a seat in the day time. Round the walls
hang wooden bowls of various sizes,
which are used instead of crockery. The
kitchen is separate, and in it there is a
Dstone mill for grinding corn, and three
large stones forming a fireplace."
"The Nubian woman's dress," he
continued, "is a piece of dark blue
calico wrapped around her waist and
coming half-way down to her ankles, her
head and the upper part of the body
being covered by a white muslin scarf
with a red border, which can be drawn
across the face. Her hair is sometimes
gummed into a kind of busby circle,, at
others hangs down in thick masses of
innumerable plaits; and necklaces of
agate and amber beads, coral bracelets,
silver and coral rings, earrings and mas
sive anklets complete the costume. The
upper class in Nubia have a curious way
of cleansing the,, skin. Every evening
they rub it all over, first with a kind of
dough and then with aromatic oil. This
I is called the dilka, and is said to be verv
reiresmng."
A Marine Monster.
The whaling bark Alaska, which ar
rived in this port a few days ago from
the Arctic ocean, brings a strange story
of the narrow escape from death of six
of her crew. The first officer, George
Johnson, stated the circumstances to a
Chronicle reporter, as follows: When
the vessel was forty-six miles south of
Alaska, an object was perceived in the
distance whose proportions and shape
indicated it to be a monster sea lion. A
boat was immediately lowered and
placed in charge of First -Officer John
son and five of the crew, named Andrew
Nelson, "William "Wilson, An
tone Nagai, George Marshfield
and - Hans Stuten. As the distance
was being decreased between the boat
and the huge animal they became con
vinced that it was the famed sea serpent.
When, they came within a few hundred
yards the monster . made a dash for the
boat, striking' but its immense tail
against the craft. ' Several of the occu
pants were precipitated into the water,
but were " rescued with difficulty. A
harpoon - and lance were fired into the
body of the beast and it disappeared be
neath the surface., Half an hour later it
reappeared, floating on the water, dead.
It was secured with ropes and towed
to the vessel and hoisted on the deck.
There the capture was seen to be a villainous-looking
thing. Its head closely
resembled that of an alligator, while the
body resembled that of a lizard. It
measured thirty-three feet in length, the
tail alone being nine feet long. The tail
was cut off and brought to this city and
is now on exhibition in a water-front
saloon. San Francisco Chronicle.
The burglar is a hospitable fellow,
is alway open house with him.
It
EPITAPHS IN RHYME.
Carious Collection From Various Old
Church-Yards.
The literature of epitaphs is almost
Without end. Anybody whos has the time
and patience to decipher old . tombstones
can add something to the collection of
queer inscriptions already placed befdrc
the public. A writer 'in Chamber? Jour
nal hit upon some of the most , unique
yet heard from in rhyme. In a Devour
shire church yard he found the following
relating the married experiences of a
worthy man:
Beneath this stone, in sound repose,
Lies William Rich of Lydeard Close;
Eight wives he had, yet none survive,
And likewise children eight times five ;
From whom an issue vast did pour
Of great-grandchildren five times four.
Rich born, rich bred, yet fate adverse
His wealth and fortune did reverse.
He lived and died immensely poor,
July the 10th, aged ninety-four.
A Cornwall churchyard is enriched
with the following dainty verses :
Here entombed one Roger Morton,
Whose sudden death was early brought on ;
irying one aay ms corn to mow orr,
The razor slipped and cut his toe off.
The toe, or rather what it grew to,
An inflammation quickly flew to ;
The parts they took to mortifying,
And poor dear Roger took to dying.
A Welsh husband thus sings above the
grave of his better-half :
This spot is the sweetest I've seen in my life,
For it raises my flowers and covers my wife.
And in Eldon churchyard another great
ly relieved individual says :
Here lies my wife in earthly mold,
Who when she lived did naught but scold.
Peace ! wake her not, for now she's still ;
She had, but now I have my will.
In Worcester churchyard is the follow,
ing affecting double kind of compliment:
Martha and I together lived
Just two years and a half ; v
She went first and I followed after .
The cow before the calf. . -
The following punning verse is on a
tombstone in a Sheffield churchyard,
erected above the grave of John Knott, a
scissors grinder: i
Here lies a man that was Knott born.
His father was Knott before him,
- He liv.ed Knott, and. did not die,
Yet underneath this stone doth lie.
r -Knott christened, -Knott
begot,
And here he lies, '
And yet was Knott.
At Eling, near Southampton, is the
following circumstantial statement:
Pray, reader, stop, and read my fate,
-What caused my life to terminate;
For thieves one night, when in my bed,
Broke in my house anil shot me dead.
The following, which i3 rather hard
upon the deceased lady, is said to adorn
some churchyard in Manchester ;
Here rests in silent clay
Miss Arabella Young,'
Who on the 21st of May .
Began to hold her tongua
This other one is slightly invidious:
Here lies Margaret Sexton,
Who never did ought to vex one;
Not like the woman under the next one.
. At Kirk-Santon churchyard, the fol
lowing epitaph is placed on the grave
tone of a man named Daniel Teare :
Here, friend, is little Daniel's tomb.
To Joseph's age he did arrive;
Sloth killing thousands in their bloom,
"While labour kept poor Dan alive. - ;
How strange, yefc true, full seventy years
Was his wife happy in her tears.
, At Ockham, Surrey, a wooJ-cutter
thus describes his final exit :
The Lord saw good ; I was lopping off wo Jd,
And down fell from the tree;
I met wit ha check, and I broke my neck,
And so Djath lopped off me.
A photographer has this rather pat in
scription over him :
Here I lie, taken from life.
In St. Peter's churchyard, Isle of
Thanet, is an epitaph written by some
elegiac rhymster, who was very careful
not to stand committed to the facts:
Against his will,
Here lies George Hill,
Who from a cliff
Fell down quite stiff.
Fhen it happened is not known,
Therefore not mentioned on this stone
Slaughter by Wholesale.
The most efficient machine for killing
our fellow-men yet invented appears to
be the Maxim machine gun, a utensil
which any person can carry without dif
ficulty into battle, and having leveled it
at his enemies and supplied it with
a quantity of ammunition, he need do
nothing more than turn a crank once,
and retire to a place of safety. The
gun then begins shooting by itself,
and continues to fire bullets at any rate
desired, from two a minute to six hun
dred, until its cartridge-belt, which con
tains three hundred and thirty-three
charges is exhausted. The advantages,
to a warlike-person, of being able to kill
three hundred and thirty-three persona
at a single effort, without exposing his
own valuable person to injury, are so
obvious that there is likely to be an ex
tensive demand for the new instrument
among Christian nations, and no one
should fail to acquaint himself with the
principles on which it acts. Every
one knows something of the machine guns
heretofore used, the Galling gun, with its
six barrels tied together by bands, and
the crank at its rear, being perhaps the
most familiar, but all those hitherto used
differ from the Maxim gun in employing
a continued force from the outside, gen
erally applied to a crank or lever, to fire
the charges, while the. Maxim weapon
loads and fires itself, after the first shot
had been discharged, by utilizing the re
coil of each discharge to effect the nec
essary movements ; an ingenius system of
springs and levers, operated by the bar
lel, which slides back about half an inch
at each explosion, extracting and throw
ing away the shell of the cartridge just
used, putting another in its place, push
ing the barrel forward again, cocking
the hammer and pulling.the trigger,,and
repeating the whole scries of movements
as the barrel slides back again by the re
coil of the new discharge. With all its
ingenuity and apparent complication the
new gun seems from the tests to be sub
stantial enough for active service, and it
is jpuch to be hoped that the occasion
for employing it will be rendered rarer
by the very fact that its efficiency will
make it dreaded.. American Architect, 1
Rollei skates were invented by Gabriel
ziftvel, the pantomimist. . -
TIMELY TOPICS,
Two islands that were thrown up by
the great Java earthquake last year have
again sunk out of -sight and below the
deep. water line of navigation.. The vol
cano Merapi, . which started, the previous
disturbance, is once' moire unusually ac
tive. John Bright has figured out the cost
of the wars of Queen Victoria's reign,
and in his speech at a liberal demonstra
tion in Birmingham he announced that
England has sacrificed $750,000,000 and
68,000 lives in war since the coronation
of her present illustrious sovereign,
nearly forty-eight year3 ago.
There are in America at the present
time 30,000 locomotives. To keep up
the standard and supply new demands
1,200 must be built each year. Locomo
tives cost on an average $10,000 each,
which would indicate an expenditure of
$12,000,000 this year. There are six
teen locomotive- works in the United
States, among which this work and
money will be more or less evenly dis
tributed. Jenny Lind is described as one of the
most active members of the College of
Music in London. Her duties as a
teacher are discharged in . tne most
thorough and conscientious way, as she
arrives early at her professional post, and
remains often an hour or two beyond
the required time. She is very strict, but
at the same time sympathetic with her
scholars, who in return for her devotion
to their interests are said to adore her.
The boundaries of the region known
as the West have been perpetually shift
ing. Within the lifetime of old folks it
commenced along the Toot hills of the
Alleghanies. A few years later the
limit stood for a while on the banks of
the Mississippi. To-day the boundary
lies oh the bluffs of the Missouri, in the
neighborhood of Kansas City. Beyond
that point lies the region of tradition,
prophecy, adventure, discovery, enter
prise, heroism the West.
A unique form of entertainment has
just "taken place in Vienna where the
Hairdressers' congress was concluded by
the curious spectacle of competitive hair
dressing, performed by twelve ladies'
hairdressers on living models, who were
seated on a raised platform, round which
the Vienna public thronged as if the art
of hairdressiug were the chief interest of
the nation. "The admiration of the au
dience was great, especially at the feat
performed by one of the competitors,
who adorned his model with a spark of
electria.light.
Capitalists have organized a company
to build a monster artificial lake in the
town of Northfield, S. I. The lake will
cover 1,600 acres of land and hold 10,
000,000 gallons of water. It will receive
a watershed from ten miles of woodland.
Hundreds of brooks and springs will
empty into it. The proprietors propose
to supply drinking water to villages and
cities in New Jersey through large iron
aqueducts that will be laid across Long
Island sound, which at one point is quite
narrow. The dam will be 4,400 feet
long and twelve feet high.
Servants are cheap and plenty in Mex
ico, and you are pretty sure to have sev
eral descendants of the Aztec kins
about the house if you hire one, for it is
the rule that the whole family accom
pany the father or mother who goes out
to service. Your cook brings her hus
band, her children, and pretty nearly all
her relations, and they are fed from your
table and sleep under your roof. The
husband may tc a shoemaker, or a saloon
keeper, or a hackman, but he iives where
his wife works. There are usually rooms
enough in the ho jse for them all, and the
Only food they want is plenty of beans
and what is left from your own table.
A Washington correspondent of the
Chicago Times says: "A hundred years
ago, President Stile3, of Yale College,
wore a gown of American ' silk ; Mrs.
Garfield has been given an American silk
dress, and Congress has two American
silk flags. These are the chief results
of more than two hundred years of ef
forts, private and public, to domesticate
the silk industry. The plea now made
for silk culture is that feeding the worms
Would constitute a light and moderately
remunerative employment for American
women and children, to be carried on at
their homes, and if the women oi the
Silk-Culture association succeeded in ac
complishing what thy aim at they will
provide the farmers' wives of the warmer
regions of the country with pin-money."
The scientific commission, which was
recently appointed by the Spanish gov
ernment to investigate the late earth
quakes in Southern Spain, is daily send
ing reports to Madrid of the result of its
operations. Perhaps the most remark
able phenomenon noted by the commission
is that of the complete obliteration of
the high road leading into Periana. no
certain trace of which can be found for
several miles outside the town. The
road inmost places lay between abutting
hills, and in the recent terrific disturb
ances of the earth's crust seems to have
been forced, downward or engulfed.
Many of the hills themselves Were lev-
eled beyond recognition, and well-"
known landmarks, whose positions had
remained undisturbed for centuries, were
moved a distance of thirty yards.
Three performing seals are said to be
seen at the Westminster aquarium in
London. Tt'hey perform on such musi
cal instruments as the banjo, guitar,
drum and cymbals; they smoke, and in
the comic part of their performance a
blind member of the trio plays the part
of the needy knife-grinder; while
another, left to rock a cradle, overturns
its baby-charge into the tank. They
dive from heights, carrying sticks Out of
the water as retriever dogs do, and catch
fish and take them unhurt to their master.
And one of them has been taught to
save life. A man is launched on a raft
into the tank, and when the raft cap
sizes, the seal seizes him by the collar ot
his coat, and swimming on its back, so
as, with the lower portion of its body,
to keep the man's head above the water,
tows him to shore:
A "recent visitor to the Island of New
Britain, which has lately been annexed
by Germany, states that it contains a
large population, and is very hilly. Re
ferring only to that portion of the coun
try which he visited, he states that there
are no hereditary chiefs, a man exercis
ing influence and authority according to
the wealth he possesses. The people
are miserably housed, but they are an in
dustrious and trading people, who, how
ever, have the drawback of being con
firmed man-eaters that is to say, they
always eat their prisoners ef- war. The
young learn quickly, and soon adapt
themselves to the ways of civilization.
There are volcanocs,and earthquakes are
not unfrequent. The rivers contain
crocodiles, and there is said to be in the
interior a race of men with tails. These
remarkable persons appear to be shy of
coming down to the coast. -
The New York Times remarks that ag
riculture makes a garden of the earth ;
gold mining makes it a waste and a ruin.
This has been the result in California
where the hydraulic system of mining
has filled the rivers and covered fruitful
farms with a waste of barren sand and
gravel. The "cursed thirst for gold" is
exemplified in its most revolting results
in the total wreck and destruction of one
of the fairest and most beautiful locali
ties in the United States in the mountain
region of Northwest Georgia. Here tho
picturesque hills, clothed with valuable
forests, slope in every direction to ver
dant valleys, of which the richly fertile
soil gives promise of the most abundant
recompense to the husbandman. The
clear mountain streams have been en
slaved, and in the fetters and bonds of
ponderous sluices have been forced to
wash the soil from the slopes down into
the valleys through the miners' "riffles"
for the sake of the wretched pittance of
gold it contains. The few cents thus
obtained have reduced the land to hope
less barrenness, while the money thus
obtaiued has been less than a tenth part
of the ye?.rly value of any ordinary farm'
crop upon the area so destroyed. The
result thus unhappily obtained has had
another disastrous effect in the financial
ruin of the speculators who have thus
spread waste and ruin over a fair land in
their "cursed thirst for riches;" while,
had the land been cleared and made into
farms, it would have beautified the face
of the country, and made it permanently
productive.
Typhus Fever.
This fever prevails in England, Scot-1
land and Ireland more than elsewhere.'
From the latter country it sometimes
finds its way to this in emigrant ships,
and is known among us as ship fever.
In Europe it is called camp, fever, whole
armies havinebeen nearly swept away by
it. It is sometimes called spotted fever,
from the extensive rash thrown out on
the body of the patient who is prostrated!
by it.
Typhus fever is very contagious. It,,
however, mainly attacKs only those who
come into close contact with it. .Fromi
1Rfi1 tn 1ftU np.arlv fifteen hundred cases'
were admitted to Bellevue hospital, New.
York over five hundred within the last
six months of the period. During that
time forty persons connected with the,
hospital service took it, as did also'
twenty-six patients admitted to the hos-;
pital for other diseases. The poison
seems to need to be concentrated to be-
come dangerous. A single patient sel-;
dom communicates it.
Crowded, filthy tenements are its breed-;
ing places. Epidemics of it prevail in
Liverpool more than elsewhere. Largei
numbers of the houses in that city are"
built back to back in unventilated courts.-;
In these quarters the fever often attacks!
every person not protected by-a previous1
attack.
It is a disease of cold and temperate'
climates, and is unknown in the tropics.'
It is also largely a winter disease, doubt
less because of the lack of ventilation n
the filthy lodging-houses of our commer-!
cial cities, and the depressing influence
of the cold and of the utter destitution
of the poor.
It attacks persons of every age. Mosfc
of the children ninety-five per cent.
recover. Of persons over sixty, sixty-six
per cent. die. The mortality increases
regularly between these ages.
A person is seldovn attacked twice by
the disease. Its duration, if uncompli
cated, is from twelve to twenty-one days.
When the crisis is passed, the recovery is
exceedingly rapid. The subsequent
health is generally good. Medical sci
ence knows no means either of curing it
or of cutting it short, but simply seeks to
palliate the symptoms and to support the
system until the poison is eliminated by
the proper organs. Youth's Companion.
Juvenile Jesters.
Lottie was invited with her mamma to
a dinner party. A gentleman gravely
asked her, "Are you a vegeterian?"
"No," promply said Lottie, "I'm a Pres
byterian." One morning Freddie arose, looking
very much out of 6orts. and soon showed
that he was in a very ill humor.
"What is the matter with my Freddie
this morning?" said mamma. "Are you
sick?"
"No, ma'am," he said, with a sigh;
"but I got up wrong side out."
t in ;a i:t.l
HOW greeuy you arej oaiu uiic iikwo ,
girl to another, who had taken the best ,
apple in the dish; "I was going to take (
that myseli
A mite of a boy standing at the out
side door was asked if it rained. "No,"
he replied, "but it leaks a little."
A gentleman was giving a little baby
boy some peanuts the other day. The
good mother said, "Now, what are you
going to say to the gentleman?" With
childish simplicity, the little fellow
looked up in the gentleman's face and
replied, "More!" "
The best thing to give your enemy is
forgiveness: to an opponent, tolerance;
to a friend, your heart; to a child a
good example; to a father, deference; to
your mother, conduct that will make her
proud of you; to yourself, respect; to all
men, charity.
Beware how you allow words to pass
for more than they are worth, and bear
in mind what alteration is sometimes
produced in their current value by the
course of time.
THE ROLLER SKATE VICTIM.
One more unfortunate
Trusting the fates,
Rashly importunate,
Tried on the skates,
Pick her up tenderly,
Loosen the straps,
Fashioned so slenderly
Unused to mishaps.
Oh, it was pitiful
That she should flop,
Where a whole city full
Must see her drop.
Pick her up tenderly,
Smooth out her dress,
Fashioned so slenderly,
Made to caress.
Out she struck trustfully,
Skating galore,
Down she came bustf ully
On the hard floor.
Pick her up tenderly,
So good and so true,
Fashioned so slenderly,
What could she do ?
Bumping inhumanly,
Jolting the men,
She is pure womanly,
And tries it again.
Pick her iip tenderly,
What does she care ?
Fashioned so benderly,
So plump and so fair.
Me rcha n t- Tra veler.
PUNGENT PARAGRAPHS.
A club house The police station.
A nap is very refreshing to man. Yes,
and it would be very refreshing to some
coats. Haw&eye.
When clothespins are only a cent a
dozen there is no excuse for snoring in
church. Xeio York Journal.
A woman in some States cannot sue
and be sued, but she can complain and
be courted. New York News.
What is the best covering for the head ?
demands a Western journal. Hair isn't
bad. Binghamton Republican.
It is now said that roller skating is
dangerous. " Not if the riuk floor is suf
ficiently cushioned. Hartford Post.
"Hannah More," says a writer, "was a
good woman; but she had no corns."
That's no excuse for writing poetry.
Boston Globe.
A woman in Ohio gave $1,000 to a
faith cure doctor, who at once disap
peared. She was cured of her faith.
New York Tribune. ,
Be pleasant and kind to those around
you. The man who stirs his cup with
an icicle spoils the tea and chills his
own fingers. Lowell Courier.
"Papa's pants will soon fit brother" is
the first line of a new song, and yet it is
said that there is no literary or musical
genius in this country. Call.
A little skate,
A little fall,
A broken pate,
Laid up that's all.
Free Press.
-The principal seasons illustrated at the
roller skating riuk are "fall" and
"spring." Some of the remarks they
provoke are summery. Norrktown Her
ald. Lady to hackman "How much did
you say I have to pay?" "One dollar."
"What's your number?" "Fifty cents,
you mean, stingy old fraud. Texas Sift
ings. "Don't be afraid 1" slid a mob to a
German laborer. "Sit down and make
yourself my equal." "I would haff to
blow my brains out," was the reply of
the Teuton.
Jules Levy franklysaid to a Louisville
reporter, "I am the only great cornctist
in the world." And the Philadelphia
Call thinks "people with de.icate nerves
wish it were true."
A Detroit doctor knocked a man down
with a club in a street quarrel and then
charged him two dollars for fixing up his
sculp. You can't stump a doctor with
hard times. Burlington Free Pre.
"Papa, what is the matter with your
neck? I eruess youm going to have a
boil." "No, I think not. It is only a
little pimple." "Then, papa, it must be
a par-boil, ain't it?" Carl PretzeVs.
One singer said to another: "My
daughter has inherited my voice." "Oh,"
said the other, with the most innocent
air, "that is the explanation, then. I
have always wondered where it was."
A Boston girl, who saw a fellow with
delirium tremens, exclaimed: "Unhappy
man ! Why do you permit yourself to
get the 'James James?' " The shock re
stored the sufferer to his right mind.
New York Journal.
When rapid transit is finished, Brook
lyn married men will have to invent new
excuses for being homo late. With the
bridge and the elevated road a Brook
lyn man's life is being made a hideous
dream. Brooklyn Times. -
"Connecticutters cat boiled shad."
This is a very small thing to build an
item out of. If the boiled shad ate Con
necticutters, or if the shad ate boiled
Connecticutters, then it might be worth
a passing mention. Puck.
. "Joseph Marmaduke Mullally, how
dare you, sir?" exclaimed the inc ignant
motheu of a St. Louis boy. "Take your
sister's ear muff off your feet instanter,
and find your rubbers. Don't be so lazy,
toTV'Pitisburg Chronicle.
"Medicine stains may be removed from
silver spoons by rubbing them with soft
ashes and soap-suds." Great (bare, must
be exercised in not rubbing the"plating
off. This recipe should never be used on
solid-silver wedding presents. Puck..
She smote him with the shingle -' . ;'"
Till she made him thrill and tingle
Because he did not mind bis baby brother,
But he soon forgot bis pain
And went singing down the lane,
"A boy's best friend is his mother."
Boston Courier.
A Maryland wedding had to be post
poned because at the last moment it was
found-that somebody had stolen the
marriage license. It is curious what
chances some fellows do have, even when
it would seem as though the last oppor
tunity of escape had passed. Hawkeye.
An English architect asserts that
houses can be made of timber which wil
last longer than brick or storie. In many
English towns houses of oak and plaster
are standing and in daily use that were
built 500 years ago.
I
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