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E. R. STAMPS, - Editor. TAlUtOlUV, N. C. FRIDAY, : : : JANUARY 9, 1874 WIT Messrs. Walker, Taylor & Co., Adver tising Agents, Baltimore, arc sole agent for ThesQUIRer in that city. Our paper may be found on file at their ollloe, 134 West Bal timore street. THE PROSTRATE STATE. Mr. Beecher, in a recent edito rial on the above subject in the Christ ia:i Union, seems to deplore the work of his hands in the South ern States, the civic chaos in which t h.'ir socal ed frovernnients are o immersed, and especially the " pic turesciuelv miserable" condition of South Carolina,the Prostrate State He thinks the time ha3 come, when all who do not believe " our politi cal system can stand anything and defy anything " should investigate the state of things in the South, lest the disease of parts of the Union may finally effect the whole hodv nolitic. He regards tho j i apathy of the North on this sub ject as due to the want of reliable evidence but congratulates his read ers that such has been at last ob tained through the medium of a little volumn, which he recommends to his readers, published by Mr James S. Pike, an old abolishionist and a journalist of high standing, who has spent two months at Col umbia in the study of men and things. We quote from the article : Mr. Tike finds society in South Carolina 44 bottom side up." ' The people of character and culture, who, in a normal and righteous state of affairs, would give direction and tone to public proceedings, are trampled under foot by a host of voting bar barians " the most ignorant democ racy that mankind ever saw " " the dregs of the population habilitated in the robes of their intelligent prede cessors, and asserting over them the rule of ignorance and corruption through the inexorable machinery of a majority of numbers. Carpet-bag rule is at an end in South Carolina, fcr toe carpet baggers were on the outside at least, white men. Even negroes tainted with white blood, and o unfortunate as to have the noble blackness of the ancestral complex ion debilitated into some shade of yellow, are beginning to feel tho con temptuous antagonism of the unmix ed African, who means to have things all his own way there. By sheer force of superior numbers the ignorant and unprincipled classes have taken complete possession of the government of the State. And what sort of a government have they formed ? According to the testimo ny of Mr. Pike, the rule of South Carolina " should not be dignified with the name of a government. It is the installation of a huge system of brigandage. The men who have had it in control, and the men who now have it in control, are the picked villians of the community. They are the highwaymen of the State. They are professional legislative robbers. They are men who have studied and practiced the art of legalized theft. They are in no sense different from, or better than, the men who fill the prisons and penitentiaries of the world. They are, in fact, of precisely that class, only more daring and audacious. The sole, base object is to gorge the individual with public plunder. Having done it, they turn around and buy immunity for their acts by sharing their gains with the ignorant, pauperized, besotted crowd who have chosen them to the stations they fill, and which enable them, thus to rob and plunder," If it be asked how the corruptions of the South Carolina Government differ from the exceptional vanality of certain Northern legislatures, this is Mr. Pike's answer: The latter, while less in effrontery and in degree than the former, and springing from different causes, can also ' be promptly remedied by exposure and by an appeal to the intelli gence and virtue of the consituency; in the other cose, there is no such tribunal to appeal to It is a moral morass, in which thete is neither standing nor holding ground." " So tainted is the atmosphere with cor ruption, so universally implicated is everybody about the Government, of euch a character are tne ornaments of society at the capital, that there is no such thing as an inflential local opinion to be brought against the scamps. They plunder, and glory in it. " How did you get your money ? was asked of a prominent legislator andslobbyist. '1 stole it," was the prompt reply." The impression made upon Mr. Beecher by Mr. Pike's report is, that nothing can save Southern society from utter dissolution but the speedy achievement of rule by the classes who ought always to rule, and Mr. Beecher regrets that Mr. Pike im plies that these classes can be ascer tained by color. " What is to save South Carolina," say3 Mr. Beecher, " is not a rally of white people against black people ; but of honest men of all colors against scoundrels of all colors." This whole article, apparently full of indignation at the libels upou gov- comments existing 111 the oouiu, strikes us as but a mass of eoutiment al bosh. " Tho North, ho says, wants reliable information." Has it not obtained it a thousand times from all sources known to human- ingenuity ? Did not Grant himself pass through the South and ascertain her state and then belie his own report by his conduct? No. The trouble has not been for want of accurata informa tion, and the apparent solicitude now is only due to the fear that the dis eased state of government in the South will finally permeate the entire Union. Mr. Beecher thinks honest inon of all colors should rally against the po- i he will hear reliable information on impracticable, is alsD clearly appa- cja(j8 jiaye nofc Qen xiQ Se this subiect, he will find that Mr. rent. Wo leave out of consideration cause of the want of troops and Pit ; rmhf Th nnW wav to save ' O J " J 1 it. - Oi. a- i c a i, 3 .. aU I uiouijuyuramuUi u is to place them in the hands of the wnuo people. vnyr iecauso vir- ture. self-resoeci. intesrity. chastity, . 1 TTTI O T I and such like, are but of little value , witn almost tne entire black race. We regret to speak thus, but so it is. If a man steals and is put in the State prison, he is moro of a hero when he comes out than an object of scorn. Adultery is esteemed a thing ol nought among them, and no man is lowered in their society by the deep- est moral denravitv. United with this disregard for virtue is a greg a- ., . , . i .i I nous disposition mat ninus tnem together almost as one, so that the few virtuous among them are power- less- With such a state of things l,Qt wQ;a w ; , r I white race y JNone, and as long as ... - . they are maltreated by the general government, as they have been, we must Ul-fnra rnnflnnatMn f evil State jrovernments of the South, "VTRGENIA. AND CIVIL EIGHTS. "The mother of states and states- in" has raised her voice against man the foolish and fanatical policy embodied in the Civil Rights bill, now before Congress, which will do much towards defeating it. A series of resolutions were adopted by both houses of her General As- sembly on Monday, which declare "incre is no purpose upon tneir part, or upoa the part of the people f hpv rpnrispnt t.n rhfrlali ennf inno I -r w-,.v hostility to the Jb ederal adminstra tion, and reaffirming the portion of the Conservativo platform that they will judge it impartially by its official acts, &c; that the Legis lature recognize ths fourteenth amendment to the Federal Con stitution as part of that instrument, and desire in good faith to abide 1 . liul. . , I uj us provisions as expounded by interest therein a3 a descent respect the Suoreme Court of the United States, and that the amendment thus construed is tho supreme law of the land,, should be obeyed and respected by all co-ordi nate departments of the Gov eminent: that the bill now be fore Congress, known as the civil rights bill is in violation of this amendment as interpreted by the Supreme Court; is an infringement I t- i I on the constitutional and legislative powers of the States, sectional in its operation, and injurious alike to the white and colored population of the bouthern btates, and that its enforced application in these States will prove destructive to their systems of education, and to the enlightment of the colored popula tion, in whose improvement the people of Virginia feel a lively in terest, produce continued and renewed irritation between the ruueb, vuuuieiaui, puciucauon ana development of the good will now happily progressing ; repel immis gration, greatly augment emigra tion, reopen wounds now almost healed, engender new political as. perites, and paralize the power and influence of the State Government in controlHng ,nJ promotinI domestic interests, and preserving internal liarmnnv fUf -- ----- j , - 1C pcupiw ot Virginia and its Legislature earnestly protest against this bill and instruct their Senators and re quest their Representatives in Con gress firmly, but respectifully, to eppose its passage, not only ; for ii. i tue icasoiis expressed, Dut as a measure which is calculated to arrest growing sentiments ot concord and harmony between the Northern and Southern States. The New York Herald thinks it sees danger ahead, " in the various schemes projected for financial relief to tho Southern States," and fears that some of these plans will enter a new Presidential movement for the Southern voto. ' Boston asserts that she has recov ered from the panic mortj completely than ay other city in the country. FEDERAL ASSUMPTION OF THE STATE DEBTS. . Gen. Keiuner. tho new Govorffor fcf Virginia, in his inaugrai says 1 . " If the government of the United States should now, id the lentitudo Of its wealth and power, rastore pros- pci w j a debt, a paltry burthen on the nation- al treasury, but grievous to ns in our poverty, it wouia oniy in smuu meus- ure make return for tho vast dona tion with which the munificence of Virgina endowed the Union in its weakness and infancy." ".' ; . That it would bo no gracious gift, but an act of simple justice, on tho part of tho Federal government, to assume tho debts oi tho bouthern States, would seem to every candid mind as patent as day, but that it would be attended circumstances mm. ulu tho Question of iniury to the sov- - " n.;T. rsf tlia Rfntoo t tVifl morcr b-j mg of the State debt into that of tho general guveiumcui, iui w States has so often ignored the rights 1 , , A 4vn 4Vt - 111 ta1 I of States to their hurt, that we , 1 1 n0for,tW nalm nW ft ton- - ii , i. v.t : ..i, ... . etition if it would add greatly to our material advancement. iuc mere ia i -r . 1- I another ft-ct that would ; militate J rlan. If a bill looking to its consumation .were presented in congress, tne argument of the injury done the Southern States by the illegal emancipation ot their I . . . I slaves, the depredations committed ,i ; i i 4i. ,.ivo I uu..g iu war uuu tu ww & governments forced upon them, would be but the pretext of bringing in a still stronger ou (to our Congress,) Uiz. - thP trrtuLt nrcnmnlation of tho . I 111 t XT. il . Pl.l.. ' I aeots in tne iortnern otates iUVurrt inputting doun tho rebellion, so- called, and a great furor 'would be raised about navber rebel debts and not those incurred for the preserva- i ..... . i r tion of the Union. We believe Gov. JVLlJria i impracticable and an effort to effect it would bo attended with more harm tan good CONGRESS. This honorable body, after the relaxation from their arduous (?) duties during the Christmas holidays, has asain assembled for " biz." We hope the hard cider and apple-jack, imbibed during their vacation, may sharpen their wits and arouse their onAriflH in tV nonnrrmlisbmpnt of I fc - L something lor the balance ol tne session, lor so iar their legislation has I Deen inning in tue extreme, notwiin- stanamg tno great expectations witn which tho country looked for their I assembling. Commerce is crippled and trade uneasy, but Congress drivels it time in maudlin discus sions about back pay, taxation, re-1 trenchment, &c , with as much real for their tolerate. constituents' wishes will Tho Message of the governor oi v:.:: un ,. .:in .:.,..ni mondatJonJ the -nres.s of all imrtins 7 t uuuing m wxoruiug it gruat praise. The Now lork Herald says the late . tt . . , conxest in u lrginia wus noi so muuu between Democracy and Republican- j ism, in the old party sense of these terms, as between Conservatism and Radicalism v between neoro aunroma- -auicansm , aetween negro suprema- cy ana government by tne superior intelligence of the whites for the good of all, and quotes from Kemper's message in proof of this assertion. The Herald has at last acknowledged a fact that is true with nearly every election in the Southern States since the war. It is not peculiar to Vir ginia politics more than our own. Hon. K. M. T. Hunter is a promi- Senator from Virginia. We should think" ft. cfintlft'mft'n nf tho nld ciOinnl i;irQ rh- M1 . -pQT, feel lost in the crowd that now fills the Congressional halls. ' " . Tuk Oxfoud Okphats- Asrira - I mi n ii i i i - i JZTa: mi n it x '1 i l -i cember: 1 Valuable box each, from citizens tL burg, of Chapel Hill, Ladiea Sewing Snnietv of tho First P.n-ntlst nh,,rrV, nf ::-r v" , T7. VV , , rrer ana daughfer,'Misses Nash's School. Mrs. F. N. Urant, Mrs. P. P. Dick and A. D. Eoyster and Bro.- : ' ' 6 Valuable boxes, from Dr. W. G Hill, Mr. J. Nichols and other friends in Raleigh. ' d Valuable boxes and 2 barrels of apples from Col. K. M. Murchison, of New York. 2 Valuable boxes from nitirona nt Newbern Clothing, J. M. Eosenbauni, Mrs. John Williams, Mrs. L. Ot. Crawford, Mrs. E. Grant, Miss Fannie Lewis, Mrs. S. F. Gordon. Mrs- M. TT Williams. Miss Aiioe Cncmar A Friend, Miss C. Wilson, Mrs. A. W.' Venableand Mrs. E. M. Qrandy. .Dea ciotninsr, Mrs. L.ucv Meadows. Mrs. S. A. Morse, Mi89, E. Meadows Miss Alice Uooper, Mrs. J. T. Adams Turner, & Strikleather and IL J trikleather and B. J Hays- . Dry Goods, Alfred Currin, J. M. Gill, H. A. Mowbray and W. T. Nelson. ' Shoos, M. L. Wood, Harris & Gill and Kev. J. A. Jtradley. Books, Miss Emma Graves. anberries, W. 0. Stronach Tifrnips, J. M. "Wood Dolls, Miss Harmon. 13 uck wheat flour. W. J., Wilson,. This report has been condensed as much as possible to secure its publi- catioa in the papers; though, the con- ji leuta Oi some ui tuo uuio were ou valuable that the items ought to have een given - - ' . xROM SPALN. Reassembling of the Spanish Cortes i President Castellar's Message The Abolition' of Slavery Recommended. Madbid, Jan. 3. The Cortes re convened in session yesterday, and President Castellar read. his message. lie savs that order prevails every where in the couutry, excapt on the north, where'the Carlist war exists, That nitv and fortresses and iron resources, but the hnal orerthrow ol uadoubt3dly direct communication bctween Cartaena insurants. The i'resiaent says tnat tne uauist war has been terribly aggravated by dis- T-fc 1 . . v . . . organization, iacK oi discipline ana " uouuuuuau ruu.o, and he appeals to 11 to face trouble . the countrvlto sink nartv difforflnces ana unite in the defence of the Ke . . . : r j public. While ,war exists nothing but a war policy : is possible. Tho "penaesoi war daring the nt t.h C ;nrtfia vtata finnr hi mnon Teai8- The Government has distributed the military commands among the lienerals of all parties in J 4. . 11. - A' 1 oraer to give tne army character. a national President Castellar recommends the pa8flage 0f bilhj providing for free publio instruction, and for the annihilation ol involuntary servitude .slavery ' on both sides of the AT.Iflntin. ii a finvn Yah mnaf .w I AVfM first dstablIsh a fitable g0vernment, then the European po were will soon recognize the Republic. No nation has any.irremovable antipathy to Re- Fb!- H-?ie! d!?. .? t)o uruBt mtuuuiiaeii auu Droiecuon i given to the immense commercial interests, oenor uastt lar promises to lay before the Cortes all the docu- menu in relation to the Yirginius tuiaix. xueso, no Baia, will aemon- i strate that war has been , avoided J while the principles of international law have been upheld. It!S,SlS.S& plunderers, has created an intense Sheriff and his deputy, who either aUo wed or connived at it, should be severely punished by both fine and ' geuerttiiy intertained. Ihero are now about 34,006 post- uUll0u aMB. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. st Mi s001 RALEIQH, 1ST. O Founded, 1042 TTVR more thaa thirty cue years this School - " - uao "ten cuuaucicu uy me Rev. Aioen smedes, p. D. Tbe Kev. Bennett Smedea, ' I . i ..J . - 1 Tl .it . a. w., is ma assistant, tiunops Atkinson ana Lvmsn are Tisitors. In respect to accessibility and beatbfnlnesa of situation, extern and convenience of bui'd- tbis scbool challenges a comparison with any similar mstnution. SlSty Fourth Term will begin, , , T.- OQfU . For a cireu!ar couuining full iuforma- tion, apply to the Kector. dan. umiS.J. . , lm. A Splendid Opportunity. miiE undersigned, huvinjr determined to Jeave North Carolina, offors his entire 6tock of Books Stationary and Fancy Goods, It presents to those wishing to embark in First-Class Business. au esceuent dunce to MONEY. The stock is new andcomplete,tha most of it naving- ncen selected tuia all. To tm arties wishing to purchase I will give eatisfa ctory i J reasons for closing out, and will show from I For further TKirtlniilnra nnnl trt. "gnea ai me larooro uook store. Jan. ,73.; - ' Yinn nnmrn rUrl flLlll. The Old Bank Rllllriinfr 1 ' - 1?QK icuiars, apply to. the nndersigned. Dec ao,-i m, . g eo. Howard. ' 1 CplpM Rnsrriinn onrl Flair BMTding .Md ..Day 'ixr AA"1"I" rnE misses nash and miss kol- 1 X lock will resume the, exercises of their i school on Friday. February 6th. 1874. Circulars forwarded on application. Dec. 20, 1S7S. 2m. FOR RENT. rpHE BRICK STORE HOU8E THIRD J. door irom the Court House. Apply to,' M. WEDDELL & CO. jan. a, 13V: - : if. NOTICE. Dissolution of Copartnership HPHE Copartnership heretofore J. tier the firm name of Farrar, Pippen & o., termmaies to-day. by limitation and mu- iaai consent, i ne business of the concern .lU be 8ettled by O. C. Farrar and Wm. M. .Jan. l, 1874 O. C. FARRAR. WM. M. PIPPEN, J!. o. ttUISXJSlt. I . tWr All 111 Mttlllr. I nnaersignea beg leave to inform the tt. Zl?Z I "-r uuuuvutuf hie UU31 name of O. C. FARRAR & CO. They can be ucm ui geuerai uicrcuanjiise unaer ine nrm found at their old stand, where1 they will be rlad to serve their friends as heretofore, With thanks lor past obligations they resnect- lunjr ouijwii u wuiiuuance oi me same. O. C. FARRAR. .11.. .1:. .. . . t . . Jan. 1st, lS74.-tf F. S. ROYSTER. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. Great In prices for Cash They are selling DRESS BLAOK SILKS worth $1.75 and $2.25 for $1.25 Ladies and Children PRICE. Overcoats and Talmas worth Twenty and Thirty Dollars, All their winter Goods has to be sold at S01I1C DHCG Or OtnGr, . HQ nrvf octrrxr onr nf fliPir Winfor crnnflo nroi- iha 110110 UOT:dny Ol LUcl! WlUltr OOUS OVer UIQ Olimnier. SAVE MONEY AND OX OFFERED AT L. HEILBRONER & BRO'S. FOR SALE. COMPLETE SETT OF Improved machinery for making Plow Handles, capacity of which is 500per day, also one 20 ll. rower .engine rntt coner, jjaw aim, 8hafting, Pulleys and HAcjfers, Wood Turu ine Lathe. Variety Mouluins: Machine, Belt ing, Scc, or in other words a First Class Flow Dandle Fac tory, will sell aa a whole or by detail, Address, F. H.RAHM, Box 007, Richmond, Va. Jan. 2, 1374. 3t. ADAMS' HOTEL. ; Main Street, Tarboro', N. C. 0. F. ADAMS, Proprietor. THIS HOTEL IS NOW OPEN FOR THE accomodation of the traveling public. and no pains will be spared to make all who stop at uus llotel comiortable and pleasant. Tbe table will be supplied with the best the j hands ; The proprietor only ask a trial, for market affords, and served np by experienced O. F.ADAMS. tf. Jan. 2, 1874. TARDORO' MALE ACADEMY. 'J'HESpring Session will opKn'January 5th, Pnpils prepared for businei or entrance into any of onr coheres. For further particulars, refer to (the Princi pal, F. S. WILKINSON. Dec. 20, 1873. tf THE BRICK STORE HOUSE, THIRD door from the Court House. Also a good dwelling house. ; Apply to M. WEDDELL & CO. Tarboro' Dec. 13, 1878. ' tf. O. Jordan & Son, WHOLESALE CONFECTIONERS, AHO IS ... Foreign and Domestic Fruits, Huts, Pickles, Preserves, Brandy Fruit, Se gars, Canned Goods, Toys, Fire Works, Ate., &c, 172 Main Street Factory, 52 Church Stwt, Store No ' Sept 6, 1873. , 6m. TARBORO' , Female'Acadeiuy rpHE NEXT SESSION BEGINS THE -1- first Mondnvin Jiinnarv 1K7J. mnliimmr. I wwu. Board and English Tuition, $85,00 Tuition according to advancement, f ltj f 19 $22 FOR RENT - Charges made irom time or Entrance and no deduction, for a shorter absence than 4 weeks. Music and Language extra. Positively all charges half in advance. Dec. 20,-lm. M. F. PENDER. I S on all Goods at 9 GOODS worth 1.00 and $1.50. FURS for HALF 20, thov nrp I of nrmlnorl AVAIL YOURSELF 2?JM.lH FOR RENT. T BY Mai. Hurt as a Tailor Shop. Apply to D. PENDER. Tarboro', Dec. 6th, 1873. tf. FOR RENT. A GOOD STORE SUITABLE FOR DRY Goods and Groceries, will bt rented by the year. Apply to Dec. 6,-tf. M. L. HUSSEY & BRO. Boarding and Day School, FOR YOUNG LADIES, Louisburg, N. C. THE fifth session begins Wednesday, 14th January, 1874, and continues twenty weeks. Circulars furnished on application. MISS CORNELIA A. CRENSHAW. Dec. 80, 1873. 6t. PETERS BROS., COM. MERCHANTS, AND DEALERS IN Hay, Grain, Coal, Lime, Ce ment, &c, Corner of Water and London Streets, Portsmouth, Va. Aug. 23, 1873. 6m. HOMER Al GRAVIS' SCHOOL, Transferred to BIXJjSBORO', XtT. O. A CLASSICAL, MATHEMATICAL, SCI ENTIFIC MIL1TAR Y ACADEM Y. with A FULL CORPS OF INSTRUCTORS. THE Spring Session of 1874 begins the sec ond Monday in January. Circulars, setting forth Terms and other particulars, sent on application. Address the Principals at Oxford, N. C, until the 1st day of January, or Maj. D. H. Hamilton at Hillsboro,' N. C. J. H. HORNER ) and Principals. R.H.GRAES, Dec. 13, 1873. 5w. J. A. WILLIAMSON, Carriage Manufacturer, AT HI8 OLD STAND, TARDORO', N. C. ANY style of Vehicles made to order at short notice. Special attention paid to REPAIR ING, and executed with dispatch. Oct. 11, 1873.-tf. TERRELL & BRO., DEALERS IN GROCERIES AND STAPLE DRY GOODS, Main Street, Near the Bridge, Tartooro, TXT. o. Sept. 30-ft tlflt9fl P day- Agent! w I U U wanted everywhere. Par- tieulara free, A. H. Blair & Co., St. Louis, Mo PRINTING. THE ENQUIRER MAIN STREET, Tarb oro, IV. O. ALL KINDS 01 Plain and Fancy executed with neatness and dispatch. The test work guaranteed at the lowest possible prices. BLANKS. LAND DEEDS. COURT AND MAGISTRATES BLANKS, RAIL ROAD RECEIPTS OR BILLS OP LADING, notice th6r b,ank8 Print0J 64 te shortest TRAVELLING SHOWMEN, RAIL ROAD AGENTS HOTEL KEEPERS, STEAMBOAT AGENTS, AND ALL THOSE WHO HAVE LETTER PRESS PR I NT INS to do, will find it to their iuterest to call at ;ljt fnqtjim OPPOSITE Wm. HOWARD'S DRUG STORE, MAIN STREET. A large and well assorted stock of PAPERS and MATERIAL kept on hand, from which selections may be mad. EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PAMPHLETS, POLICIES, CARDS, CIRCULARS, NOTES BILL-HEADS, POSTERS, RECEIPTS, CATALOGUES, BANK-CHECKS, SHOW-CARDS, PROGRAMMES, TICKKTL, DRUG LABELS, &cn &c, AS WILL AS COURT AND LAW BLANKS of every des cription, printed at the shortest notice, and cheap lor cash at THE EXQIIBKR JOB OFFICE OUR FRIENDS IN THE COUNRTRT may send their orders to f And rely upon their receiving the game attes tion and being filled at promptly and as cheaply as if given personally. Our Jobbing Department is Superior to any ia this section, and every facility possible will be afforded in the execution of order. Address I FRII OFFICE E. R. Stamps, TARBORO', N. C.