Newspaper Page Text
E. R. STAMPS, - Editor. FRIDAY. JANUARY 9. 1874 jj- Messrs. Walker, Taylor & Co., Adver tising Agents, Baltimore, are sole agent for The Enquirer in that city. Our paper may be found on file at their office, 134 West Bal timore street. THE LEQISLATUTE. This body resumed its session on Monday, after a vacation for the Christmas holidays. It is true, that one not fully cog nizant of all the tadious detail of legislation, is not apt to giv full credit to the work of a legislative body. He frequently overlooks the time necessarily consumed in rou tine and the delay consequent up on the partisan opposition always existing in a body where both polit ical factions are fully represented It doubtless occurs to a cursory ob server that the slightest bill or res olution meets with a consideration totally, at variance with, its insigni ficance, while to the practiced Statesman there is nothing that does not demand earnest and care ful consideration. While therefore a legislature may be performing its full duty, it may appear to an out sider to be wasting its time in use less driveling. There is, however, so urgent a necessity for action on the part of our legislature thai we risk the remarks we have to make The material condition of North Carolina demands the deepest con sideration of her law makers. Her agriculture is at a low ebb, her man ufactures too few to be noticed and her people are groaning under a debt which is about a fourth of the taxable property of the State. It is but the direst folly to legislate about speculative form3 of govern ment and means of party promo tion, when the people are ground down by debt, business stagnant and crowds of our sons are annual ly leaving our borders for more hospitable climes. We have heard it remarked, with what amount o truth we do uot say, that North Carolina, as a State and as a people was in a worse condition to day than immediately after the war. That her people were poorer and the future darker. With such a state of things, what r solemn responsibility is there res ting upon our hgislature. No ques tion before it can be paramount to that which has the material relief of the people as its object. It should take hold of the matter of the State debt with fearless hands, and treat it as it would a case of an insolvent firm or bankrupt indivicU ual. It should do more to foster the manufacturing interests ; it should r.akc greater efforts to in duce immigration ; it should exer cise the strictest economy in the administration of public affairs ; it should abolish every useless office not fixed by the constitution ; it should devote its energies to the furtherance of practical schemes, instead of wasting days of discus sion on pet schemes of railroad con solidation beyond the power of the legislature to effect; in short it should realize that they are the servants of a people too poor to sup port them in social idleness and convivialty, and that they are as sembled to work for the best inter1 est of the State. When we look over the work thus far of the present legislature, there is scarcely a thing we can point to as a matter of actual general utili tv to the State. Almost the entire time seems to have been devoted to petty local concerns and political manoevering. We hope an inter course with their constituents dur ing Christmas may have shown them the wants of the people, and that the remainder of the session mav be spent in labor that will bring forth good results. THE CHIEF JUSTICESHIP. The President seems to have got ten himself in a most anomalus po sition in the matter of the Chief Justiceship. His first nominee was so manifestly incompetent that, not only the democratic and inde pendent press openly denounced him, but many of the most fire- tried radicals loudly proclaimed their adverse criticism. To such an extent did the opposition go that the President, in spite of his usual obstinancy, was forced to withdraw his name. No sooner, however, was it known upon whom his second choice would fall than a hubbub, more turbulent perhaps than the first, was raised, but this time whol- y within the radical family circle. An active canvass of the feeliug in political circles in Washington has taken place over Mr. Cushing's nomination as Chief Justice, and it is evident that a lively war is brew ing. Mr. Cushing is not consider ed radical enough, even for the non- political office of Supreme Court Judge, tnd consequently many leading radical Senators,and several prominent journals, are bitterly op posed to his confirmation. Com ment upon the nomination is earn est, and in some instances angry, many of the more prominent Sena tors regarding it as an attempt on the part of the President to punish them for refusing to confirm Attor ney General Williams, since he knew that they would prefer some man of more decided Republican principles than Mr. Cushing. Mr. Cushing is also regarded by the Radicals, as to a great extent their political enemy, although affil iating with them. His views as to the rights of States and constitu tional requirements are not ortho dox, according to Radical standard, and with his confirmation the power of the party, that always aims to set the Constitution aside whenever party interest requires it,will doubt less be materially diminished. Another strong ground for Re publican opposition to Mr. Cushing is his age. It is feared that though he may, with his remarkably vigor ous constitution, survive the present administration, he could hardly expect to outlive the next, which might not be in full accord with the present dominant party. All of this perplexity is enjoyed by the Democratic portion of the Senate, who are but lookers on in Venice, and yiew the situation with the most perfect composure and complacent satisfaction. Of Mr. Cushing's qualifications for the high office for which he has been nominated, there is scarcely but one sentiment. He is not the jurist of Marshal, nor Story, nor Taney, nor Ohase, but his vast learning, literary as well as legal, will make him a Justice of whom the American people would not be ashamed. We hope that dissen- tions may grow so strong that he may yet be confirmed, though at present the chances seem to be against him. P. S. Since writing the above a telegram informs us that Mr. Cush ing's nomination has been with drawn. A letter to President Davis, dated March 1861, seems to be the cause of the withdrawal. THE COMMUNE- The worst evils, of the panic have just come to the North. The breaking of large commercial con cerns might criple their finances, but recently society is threatened in another way and men are, fearing for their personal safety. The papers are telling us constantly of most boistrous meetings of working men andhhe bitterest denunciations of the more fortunate class, occoru- panied sometimes with violent per sonal attacks. What is to be the finale of this ebulition in Northern society it is impossible to say. EDITORIAL BREVITIES. Josiah S. Colgate suspended in j New York. Grant declines to take part in the Texas usurpation Atalaga Castle, at Cartagena, has surrendered. Charles Sumner has been in the Senate twenty-three years. Nine thousand miners of the Potts ville region, in Pensylvania, have struck. A Jersey City editor was waylaid and knocked down by a member of the International. There must be some mistake about that huge spot on the sun producing extremly cold weather. Indications, as developed in debate in the Senate, are that Cushing won't be confirmed. Withers received 123 out of 148 votes in Virginia Legislature yester day for United States Senator. Reports come from all parts of the country of the disastrous effects of the recent heavy and continued rain?. There was a demonstration, accom panied with riot, of the unemployed workingmen ia New York, Tuesday. President and Cashier of the First National Bank of Anderson, Ind., con fused accounts and later fled. The Baptist Weekly wants forty thousand dollars immediately fort he American Baptist Home Mission So ciety General Spinner is in favor of the passage of a law which shall provide for the speedy redemption of national bank notes in legal-tender notes. The Now York Bank statement The Political Revolution in Ohio The Governor s inaugural. The recent political revolution in Ohio culminated yesterday in the inauguration of William Allen as Governor, at Columbus, being the first time for twenty years that a democrat has been honored with that distinction. Governor Allen, in his inaugural address, which was admira bly brief, refers to the Constitutional Convention cow assembled, recom mends the reduction of the public taxes in proportion to the reduced abilities of the people to psy, and suggests that the expenditures of the State government be reduced down to the very last dollar compatible with the maintenance of the public credit of the State and the efficient working of the State government- He asserts that he does not mean "that vague and more verbal economy which pub lic men are so ready to profess with regard, to public expenditures," but " that earnest and inexorable economy which proclaims its existence by ac complished facts." "In the prodi gality of the pas':," wisely says the new democratic Governor of Ohio, "you will find abundant reason for frugality in the future." Governor Allen ignores national topics altogether in his inaugural, modestly concluding, perhaps, that it being the first time a democrat has filled the Gubernatorial chir of the lJuckeye State for so long a period, the'Leeidlature should take the initia tive in expressing the sentiments of the people of the etate upon lederai matters of pressing moment. But the democratic revolution in Ohio is a fait accompli, and the labors in Col umbus yesterday attest it3 certainty Herald. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. H. WHITLOCK & CO., Iron Front Clothing House, Cor. of Main and iitt Streets, 2NT. O. Judge Durell Taking Time by the ForelocK. He does not think it prudent to continue in office and run the risk of impeachment. The telegraph in forms us he has resigned lielore the Congressional investigating com- mittoe had finished its labor oi in quiring into his oonduct he was urgent to eret an anoointment as Minister abroad. This would virtually have whitewashed him. No doubt he thought that much was due to him for his subserviency to the administra tion and the republican party in the infamous affair ol overturning the legitimate government of Louisiana. But the President seemed to be afraid of granting this reward ia the face of the damaging charges against uureu As a last resort, now that the investi gating committee is about to report, he follows the example of Judge Delahoy, oi Kansas, and Judge bher man. of Ohio, and resiens. ut can or will the President accept his res ignation until the report is made and justice be done? Party services should not shield him. While the reDublican? are singins pseans over Vl nrtTwitf!n o ti 1 1 tn rt i ah TTlATlt O f hows a loan, increase of nearly half demccrat3 in hig h places they and People of Edgecombe and other counties please take notice that we offer the largest assortment of Overcoats Talmas, Capes, Dress and Business Suits, for Men, Boys and Children, suitable for this season. We appreciate the fact that money is very scaree, and ofler oar Good a at greater bar gains than any house in town. Our slock of DRY GOODS, BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS AND CAPS, TRUNKS AND VALISES, LADIES' AND GENTS' FURNISHING UOODS, is Terr laroe, and will be sold low for Cash. Call and price our 3oods and be convinced that our goods are cheap. TAILORING EIGHT. Missouri is all right on the back pay question. A resolution passed the House condemning in strong terms the President and eery member of the Forthsecond Congress who voted for or took the pack pay, and de manding that no Democrat who had voted for it from Missouri be eleva ted to any office of trust or profit. During the discussion Governor Woodson was condemned for the ap pointment of Gen. F. P. Dlair as State superintendent of insurance, and Democrats were condemned for voting for Fernande Wood for Speaker. The vote on the passage of the resolution was 102 yeas to 14 nays, a million; legal tenders r alf a million, and the specie increase is four and a quarter millions. the administration cannot aliord to let prominent and notorious offenders ! in their own party escape. The party ! hoa onniKrh minim tn har alreadv The nomination of Col. Hughes to without shouldering such an addi be Judge in the Eastern district of tional and crushing weight. Herald Virginia seems to hang fire in the THE TEXAS MUDDLE. Grant seems to be learning a lit tle wisdom and discretion from ex perience. Having had enough of interference in State politics in the Louisiana matter, he refuses to aid Gov. Davi3 in his nefarious schemes to overthrow the legal establishment in Texas. The Texas case presents a shame-, ful attempt at usurpation. The Republican and Democratic candi dates ran under an act signed by Gov. Davia himself, thus recogniz ing its legality ; the state was fully canvassed by both parties, acting under the same provision of the law, and now, because the party of his Excellency is badly defeated, he has the unblushing audacity to declare the election void, to forbid the as sembling of the Legislature and to call upon the President to aid him in his wicked designs. But the game is too patent for even Grant's connivance, and he advises his pet to keep cool and grin and endure it with the best grace he can. Davis must surely have a bad case when our worthy President can find no excuse for intermeddling in his behalf. Senate. It haa been -wader diseusaton for some time.but without decided ac tion of any kind. Church and Stofopresents some eauses for Bishop Cummins' movement, and treats upon the Rev. Orbey Shipley's article in the Contemporary Revietc on the subject of confession aad the bishops. Mr. Johnson declares himself in full accord with the Grange movement and says the time has arrived for good men of all parties to associate and bring about such reform as the exi gencies of the country require. The Catholic lievieic urges the Fourth of July next as the day upon which the proposed Ameriean pilgrimage to the Vatican and other Catholic shrines in Europe should be started. Archbishop Manning, of London, has written a letter assuring the head of the American pilgrimage that "the Catholics of England will give a hearty and timely welcome to the Catholics of the United States." Gen. Roger A. Prtor, formerly of Virginia, a member of the TJ-S.Hcuse of Representatives in I860, and a firery secession General in 1861, but now of New York City, has not as tonished those who know him best by his late charming speeches to the Abolitionists of Brooklyn, in which he made savage denunciations of his own people and of the sin of slavery. An exchange apologises for him by saying that he is of a poetio tempera ment. Conkling introduced in the Seate a substitute for the Salary bill which passed the House, and it was agreed to substitute the repeals act of March last so far as it increases all salaries except those of President of the Unit ed States and Justices of the Supreme Court, and fixes all salaries with the exception of the above named the same aa they were prior to March last. All back pay not drawn or returned is declared to be covered into the Treasury and the proceeds of the bill now goes back to the House for the concurrence of that body. We surrender a large portion of our space in this issue to the sketch of Hon. Weldon N. Edwards. Such characters should be made familiar to our youth, that they may emulate their noble deeds. Hon. Caleb Cushing since the war has purchased a farm near Alexandria, and hence it is that we sometimes see him written " Mr. Cushing of Virginia." Emigration from Georgia. The Atlanta Constitution of the 5th says : " Yesterday morning the unwelcome spectacle was seen at the Union Pas senger depot at Atlanta, of five hun dred emigrants, in one body, on their way from Southwestern Georgia to Arkansas. There were four hundred blacks and one hundred whites." A letter from Marengo county, from a raliable source, informs us that Ala bama is being depopulated of negroes, who are going by the thousand to the rich Yazoo Valley, in Mississippi. The new order of the Patrons of Husbandry hag grown beyond all precedent. There are now over ten thousand granges in the States, with a membership of 751,125. The in crease in the number of granges in the month of December, 1873, was 1,225. There are State granges in every State except Maine, Delawere and Colorado. Bex Frasklin ox Off jtL Sal aries. Ben FranSlin haSfin his time, very clear ideas on the salary question. He was the author of the primitive constitution of Pennsylva nia, while in a condition of transi tion from colonial to confederate government. The thirty -sixth article was as follows ; "As every free man, to preserve his independence (if he has not a sufficient estate) ought , to have some profession, calling, trade or farm, whereby he may honestly subsist, there can be no necessity for, nor use in establishing offices of profit, the usual effects of which are dependence and servility unbecoming freemen in the possessors and expect ants, faction, contention, corruption and disorder among the people. WTherefore, whenever an office, through increase of fees or otherwise, becomes so profitable as to occasion many to apply for it, the profits ought to be lessened by the Legislature." A witty Cincinnati lady, writing from Washington says : Boston draws herself up severely, scans your cerebral developments through her eyeglass, and coolly asks ; " What do you know?" New Fork displays her diamonds, and pertly asKs ; " What are you worth?" Philadelphia, with prim hands and pursed-up lips' asks . " Who was your grandfather?" While Washington stops between the waltz and the german to enquire, "Can you dance?" The wreckage tables for 1873 show that 450 vessels belonging to, or trad ing to ports in the the United States, were wrecked in the twelvemonth, against 417 in 1872. This is an in crease of ten per cent., and the gross damage amounts from $ll,(f97,000 to $11,783,000. We will continue to make clothing to order of the best qualities of Domestic and Impor ted BROAD CLOTHS, BEAVERS AND FANCY CASSIMERS. We will always have a full line of PIECE QOODS on hand to select f.-om and have them made up at our BRANBH ESTABLISHMENT IN RICHMOND, VA. Remember the fact that we use none but the beat materials and best trimmings. We will make them in any style the customer may desire, and in all cases guarantee a good fit and perfect satisfaction. V?" All persons wishing I hare Clothing cut, of their own cloth, will do well to bring them to our store and hare them cut to fit. H. WHITLOCK & CO. P. S. We are agents for one of the largest CIGAR FACTORIES in Virginia, and are ready to supply dealers and smokers with FINE CIGARS at Wholesale, cheap for cash. Tarboro', N. C, Jan. 16, 1874. tf MULsi mules n KEARNEY'S un or auuui uio -uiu iusi., wo w in u 50 head of FINE, BROKE MILES NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. I M P () 11 T A N T T O F A II 3r Only $40 A Ton. M E R s AN IMPORTED NATURAL GUANO! A. Genuine .n.lra.a.1 Deposit A monopoly of this valuable dei'O-il has been created i CROWN OFFICERS. " ""J "J He Tbe name of GUANAHANI is a reaistered TliADE MARK , it q 4,mr. FICE, and all persons are warned from making use of the m in ;,, ;:.'. - ..." Uers of any kind. " u ",lu ,erui- EXAMINE ANALYSES OF Prof. F. A. GENTH, Philadelphia, Pn.fe sylvania. """"""J " reuu- Prof. P. B. WILSON, Baltimore, laie Asistaut to the great German Chemist Barron J V on Liebig. ' . IMPORTED ONLY BY THE CUANAHANI GUANO COMPANY. PETERSBURG, VA. BISECTORS : PRESIDENT MA J. N. M. TANNOR. of Rowlett &. Ti.m.r VICE-PRESIDENT ROBT. A. MARTIN, .f Robe-t Martin &. Co FRANK POTTS, of Mcllwaine & Co.; C. R. BISHOP, of Bishop & Branch JOV p - 1 uiaiauu t. til a I jL.X U AK: JUHN MASS' IflHV ARMISTEAD ; W. A. K. FALKENER ' Ma' JUHN WM. II. GRIFFITH, of Baltimore, Ceorl Agent. Petersburg, Va.. December 17th, 1873 To the Farmers and Guano Dealers of North Carolina and Virginia: Gentlemen: To the many of you with whom I am nersonallv aennainted T that of good results from GUANAHANI GUANO, I have not the shadow of aiin..h n'l ' taining, as it does, in such large amounts, the essentials for plant food, succens from its application would seem certain. It being of animal origiu, you will ea at ouc that ii inorMliAntB mnt hm all cnlnalil in tha anil Tr ... n n r . . u 11 7 . ; , . """ " "'"W nunc acia, is ibe most arailable Jorm known to chemistry : the other part, from undecompoaed animal matter U nraf.MKI. 1 V. a .l.tM. ..It. TA..M: n T i r . .. ... ' K....v. vw. -"'"'"o i ci uruu uuaiiu. i am oi eacu oi you ine kindness of a thorough examination of the accompanying analyses by two of the great chemuts oi the country. With respect, yours truly, WM. R. GRIFFITH, General Agent. THE COMPANY GUARANTEES THAT EVERY CARGO WILL BE AXALYPED BK FORE IT IS OFFERED FOX SALE ' NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. STORE TO LET. THE STORE rdjoininir th.U of Mr. J. H. Bell, now occupied liy Messrs. H. Mor ris & Bro. For particulars, apply to GEO. HOWARD. Jan. 16, 1874. tf A New Book. BUSBEE'S North Carolina Justice and Form Book for County Officers, now in press, and will be ready (or delivery find sale Feb. 1st, 1874. Price, half bound Sheep back and mus lin sides, - - $2 00 Price, full law Sheep style, - - 2 25 Sent by mail on receipt of price. Send in your orders. .TAS. II. ENNISS, Publisher, Jan. 16, 1874.-lm. Raleigh. for sa'e at the vacant lot adjoining Mr. B. J. Keecb, on Main 8treet , Parties wUl find it tf heir .mdwaarjae to wait until they see oar stock befo? f they purchase. Having bought then, from first hand, direct from the West, we will be able to o&ei them at low prices. ODENHEIMER BROS. Jan. 16, 1873. tf. Dissolution. THE mercantile copartnership heretofore existing in Tarboro ugh. under the name and style of JONES & MAYO, was dissolved by mutual consent, on the Bret day of Janua ry, 1874. M. R. JONES, r. a. max u. M. R. Jones is authorized to collect the ac counts of the Ute firm of Jones & Mayo, and to use the name of the firm for that purpose. P. H. MAYO. Thanking the public for their kind favors, I respectfully ask a continuation of the same. M. R. JONES. Tarboro, N. C. Jan. 16, 1874. 41 FLUID EXTRACT The fciily known remedy for Lovejoy Academy, RALEIGH, N. C. The 55th SessionlOpens Jan. 26th, 1874. The Principals congratulate themselves on the success which has attended their efforts during the past year ; within which time over a hundred boys have been instructed by them. The Academy aims to teach well. It prepares boys for any College, and for the practical pursuits of life. Tuition, per session, 920, $25, $30. Board and Room, f 15 and $16 per month. A few boys can secure board with one of the teatbers. For other particulars, address, J. M. LOVEJOY, J. W. WHITE, Prin'a. R. W. LOVEJOY, Assistant Instructor. Jan. 16, 1874. 2t NATIONAL HOTEL, MAIN' STREET, WnsliliiRtoii, N. C Moses J. Fowler, Proprietor. THIS HOTEL (formerly the Adams' Ho tel,) has been newly furnished and thorough ly renovated and is this day opened for the accommodation of the public. I am prepar ed to take boarders by the DAY, WEEK OR MONTH, ar.d will spare no effort to make them com fortable. My table shall be supplied with the best in the market, and my cook is quni bor one. THE PATRONAGE OF THE TRAVELING PUBLIC RESPECTFULLY SOLICITED. Come once, and if you do not come again, it shall not ba my fault. MOSES J. FOWLER. Washington, N. C, Jan. 6, 1874. 4t PORK, MEAT, LIME, FLOUR, SALT. 200 BBL9- 0F POKK "Pj BHDS. LOOSE MEAf. 100 T0NS aULl' L,ME' 1 00 BBL8- KLOUR- OA fa SACKS SALT. In Store and for sale by 8. S. NASH & CO. Tarboro, Jan. 16, 1874. t! FOR RENT. THE BRICK STORE HOUSE THIRD door from the Court House, Apply to, M. WEDDELL & CO. Jan. 2, 1874. tf- J I known reme BRIGHT'S DISEASE, And a positive remedy tor GOUT. GRAVEL. STRICTURES, DIABE TES, DYSPEPSIA, NERVOUS DEBILITY, DROPSY, Non-retention or Incontinence of Urine, Ir ritation, Inflamation or Ulceration of the BLADDER & KIDNEYS, SPERMATORRHEA, Leucorrhoea or Whites, Diseases of the Pros trate Gland, Stone in the Badder, Colculus Gravel or Brickdust Deposit and Mucus or Milky Discharges. KEARNEY'S EXTRACT BUCHU Permanently Cures all Diseases of the BLADDER, KIDNEYS, AND DROPSICAL SWELLINGS, Existing in Men, Women and Children, ty NO MATTER WHAT THE AGE. Pro. Steele says : " One bottU of Kear ney's Fuid Extract Bucht is worth more than all other Buchua combined." Price, One Dollar per Bottle, or Six Bot tles for Five Dollars. Depot, 104 Duane St., New York A Physician in attendance to answer cor respondenco and give advice gratis. CF" Send Stamp for Pamphlets, free."3 TO THE Nervous and Debilitated OF BOTH SEXES. No Charge for Advit and Consultation, Db. J. B. Dtott, graduate of Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, author of several valuable works, can be consulted on all diseases of the Sexual or Urinary Or gans, (which he has made an especial study 1 either in'rnale or female, no matter from what cause originating or of how long standing. A practice of 30 years enables him to treat diseases with success. Cures guaranteed. Charges reasonable. Those at a distance can forward lettes describing symptoms and enclosing stamp to prepay postage. Send for the Guidcl to Htaltl. Price 10c J.B. DYOTT, M. D., Physician and Surgeon,104 Duane St., N. Y. NOTICE. Dissolution of Copartnership rpiIE Copartnership heretofore existing un JL der the firm name of Farrar, Pippen & Co., terminates to-day by limitation and mu tual consent. The business of the concern will be settled by O. C. Farrar and Wm. M. Pippen. O. C. FARKAR, WM. M. PIPPEN, Jnn. 1, 1874. F. 8. ROYSTER. COPAIERSHIP. THE undersigned beg leave to Inform, the public that they have this day entered in to a copartnership lor conduching the busi ness of general merchandise under the firm name of O. C. FARRAR & CO. They can be found at their old stand, where they will be glad to serve their friends as heretofore, With thanks for past obligations they respect fully solicit a continuance of the same. O. C. FARRAR, Jan. 1st, 1874.-tf F. 8. ROYSTER. Boarding and Day School, FOR YOUNG LADIES, Louisburg, N. C. THE filth session begins Wednesday, 14th January, 1874, and continues twenty weeks. Circulars furnished on application. MISS CORNELIA A. CRENSHAW. Dec. 20, 1873. 6t Select Boarding and Day School. Hillstoi-o IS". O. THE MISSES NASH AND MISS KOL lock will resume the exercises of their school on Friday, February 6th, 1874. Circulars forwarded on application. Dec. 20, 1873. 2m. GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. Ammonia, from both Nitrogen and Nitric Acid 2 to 6 per cent Bone Phosphate of Lime 25 to 50 Der cent LETTER FROM PROF. WM. C. KERU, STATE GEOLOGIST OF NORTH CAROLINA : Raleigh, N. O.. January 7th, 1874 Wm. R. Griffith, Esq., General Agent Guanahani Guano Company, Petersburg Virginia : Dear Sir : D. F. A. Genth, whose Analysis of the Guanahani Guano you have shown me is Chemical Mineralogist to the Geological Survey, and has no superior as a chemist. I have no hesitation in endorsing any analysis fron his laboratory. And I think the an alysis justifies his statement that the substance examined by him is a VALUABLE MAN URE. From his report, and that of Prof. Wilson, it is evidently a TRUE GUANO, both in origin and composition, and its action on crops may be expected to be the same in kicd and in degree, proportion to its relative per ceutage of the valuable ingredients Phos phoric Acid, Ammonia and Potash, that of the flrsi, being unusually high. Yours truly, W. G. KERR, State Geologist- ANALYSES. The following analyses of different cargoes and samples by two of the leading chemists of the country, are given fcr the guidance of the public : LETTER OF PROF. P. B. WILSON, LATE ASSISTANT OF BARON J. VON. LIEBIQ CHEMICAL LABORATORY OF PROF. P. B. WILSON, No. SO 8econd Street. Baltimore, December 1st, 1873. Maj. N. M. Tasnor, Piesidert Guanahani Guano Company, Petersburg, Va.: Dear Sir : I have drawn samples of the Guano, as it has arrived in cargo lots, and find it exceedingly uniform in the amount of Phosphoric Acid it contains, namely, from 15 to 19 per cent. This is combined with Lime, and is of animal origin, and readily assimilable by plants. It contains potential ammonia and nitric acid, having a combine 1 Nitrogen value equal to from 2 to 3 per cent, of aoimonia, with the alkalies Potash and Soda, and valuable proportions of Sulphate of Lime. The whole forming a very desireable combina tion for all crops, and when applied to land, the crop receiving proper tillage, must in my opinion, give as good results as any guano offered to the farmer. Being ol animal origin, the organtic matter has undergone partial decomposition, and it necessarily contains a valuable amount of Humus, which makes its fertilizing power much greater than fertilizers which are compounded largely of Peruvian Guano, which, beyoud its ammonia and small phosphatic value, has little or no power in absorbing from the at mosphere and retaining in the soil the movable elements absorbed by moisture and brought down Dy the rains, as the guano yoa are now placing npon the market. All of the components of this Guano are very soluble in the soil, and possets such physical proper ties as to render it at all times and under all circumstances as immediately available plant food. The late samples you sent me for analysis, from the deposit which yon inform we you intend to ship from, sjiow a decrease in the phosphatic value, buffi large increase in its ni trogen compounds. I think, however, from previous observations of cargoes, that you may reasonably expect, that cargoes taken from where these sample were drawn, will materi ally improved in the saline compounds, (phosphates alkalies and magnesia.) Respectfully, &c, P. B. WILSON, Analytical and Consulting Chemist. Baltimore, December 1st, 1873, Maj. N. M. Taxxok, President Guanahani Guano Company, Petersburg, Va.: Dear Sir: The following is the result of analysis of samples drawn by me from three combined cargoes of your guano : Moisture, (deter, at 212 degrees F.) 14.99 per cent. Nitrogen 1.49 per cent. Equal to Ammonia 1.77 per cent. Nitric Acid. . , 3.2" per cent. Having a Nitrogen value equal to Ammonia 1.02 per cent. Phosphoric Acid 19 41 percent. Equal to Bone Phosphate of Lime 42.37 per cent. Chloride of Sodium and potassium 9.36 per cent. Sulphate of Lime 15.23 per cent. Organic Matter, Carbonate of Lime, Iron not determined. Respectfully, &c P. B. WILSON, Analyt. & Consulting Chem, Chemical Laboratory of Prof. P. B. Wilson, No. 30 Second St.. Baltimore, November 2Bth, 1873. Maj. N. M. Tannor, President Guanahani Guano Company, Petersburg, Va., Dear Sir : The sample of Guano marked No. 19, Chart S, contains : Moisture (dried at 313 degrees F.) 24.82 per cen;. Organic Matter 28.32 per cent, Containing Ammonia 2.73 per cent. Nitric Acid 6.76 per cent. Having Nitrogen value to Ammonia 2.13 per cent. Inorganic Matter .49.60 per cent. Insoluble Matter 1.60 per cent. Phosphoric Acid 10.29 per cent. Equal to Bone Phosphate of Lime 23.48 pr en. Potash and Soda, as Chlorides... .2.93 par cent, FOR RENT. The Old Hank Building:. jjlQR particulars, apply to the undersigned. Dec. 20,-lm. GEO. HOWARD. FOR RENT. A GOOD STORE SUITABLE FOR DRY Goods and Groceries, will be rented by the year. Apply to Dec. 6,-tf. M. L. HUSSEY & BRO. Respectfully, etc , 10O 00 per cent. P. B. WILSON, Analyt. and Consulting Chem. Chemical Laboratory op Prop. P. B. Wilsok, No. 30 Secokd St.. Baltimore Nov. 9th, 1873. Maj. N. M. Tannor, President Guanahani Guano Company, Petersburg. Va., Dear Sir : The samples of Guanahani Uuano you handed me for analysis, marked No. 6. Chart F. contains : Moisture (diied at 212 degrees F.) 18.18 per cent. Organic Matter 29.62 per cent. Containing Ammonia 2 86 per cent. Nitric Acid 2.88 per cent. Having a Nitrogen value equal to Ammonia 90 per cent. Inorganic Matter , 1 1 ..b3.30 per cent. Containg Insoluble Residue 6.50 per cent. Magnesia 65 per cent. Lime 15.21 per cent. Sulphuric Acid 1.64 per cec.1. Phosphoric Acid 11. 9 per cent. Equal to Bone Phosphate of Lime. 28.1 0 per cent. roiasn ana soaa, as Ihlonqes, y.UU per cent. Respectfully, eto., 100.00 per cent. P. B. WIKSON, Analyt. and Consulting Chem. UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, West Philadelphia, 19th, 1873. Maj. N. M. Tannor, Petersburg, Va., Dear Sir: In compliance with your request, I have analyzed sample of " Guanahani Guano," and bave made additional examination of on average sample from lot of 300 tons the result of which, I beg to embrace in the following. The Guano ia a brownish powder, with lumps of combinations of lime with Carbonic Pbospborio and Nitric acids. It contains a considerable quantity of water (about 20 per cent.), and when dried is a paler brown powder. Tne Guano is evidently of animal origin, and the minute bones, which were discovered in the same, indicate that it is the result of the decay of bats, mice, fcc. The quantity of organic matter, which is still present, is about 12 per cent., and this yields about 24 per cent, of ammonia. A portion of the nitrogen is present, as nitric acid, of which about 3 per cent, was found, All the nitrogen present would be equivalent to about 3i per cent, of ammonia. Ths phosphoric acid in the Guano, about 121 per cent., equal to 27 3 per cent of hone phosphate. A considerable quantity of the phosphoric aoid, how-, ever, is present, as so-called neutual phosphate of lime, which, being slightly soluble in water, renders the Guano as quick in its action as a corresponding quantity of super phosphate would do. The small per centage of potash, which was found in the analysis, adds to its value. From all the experiments which I have made of the Guauahar.i Qua no, no doubt can exist that it is a valuable mannnre. Yours truly, F. A. GENTH. University, op Pesssylvakia, Vest Philadelphia, Nov. 28th, 1873, To N. M. Tamkob, President Guanahani Guano Company, Petersburg, Va., Dear Sir : The sample of Guano annlized in compliance with your favor of '21gt nnd 25th, for phosphoric nitric and sulphuric acids, nnd umiuonia, potash, soda, lime and magnesia, contains as follows : Phosphoric Acid, 12.19 Equivalent to Bone Phosphate of Lime, 26.61 Nitric Acid, 3.0i Sulphuric Acid, 0.81 Potash, e.20 8oda, 0.6K Lime, 18.1H Magnesia, 0.52 Nitrogen, equivalent to Ammonia 2.47 Yours truly, F. A. GENTH. WHOLE AMOUNT OF AMMONIA. Ammonia, Nitric Acid, (producing nitrogenequui U Ammonia,) - a.40 3.41 The Company recommend an application of from 200 to 250 pound jser acre, but not over tbe larger amonnj. Aa it will be imposiblc to bring but few thousand tons to this country la time for the spring trade, orpers mast be sent at aa early day to secure it. For further information apply at the offie of the UCANAIIAIVI GUANO COMPANY PETERSBURG, VIRGINA. , N. M. TANNOR, President. ROBT. A, M TIN. Viee-Presldent.i WILLIAM R. GRIFFITH, General Agent OR TO SOLE AGENT FOR Cuanaani Quaao Company for Tarboro', PT. C., aa tbe Tlctaltr.