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O J .1 1 'Pp R aii til tf JL. o " ALL POWERS, NOT HEREIN DELEGATED, REMAIN WITH THE PEOPLE. "-Constitution of N. C. AIBOH() N. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20, T874 OLD SERIFS, VOL. .r0. NEW SERIES, VOL. 1. J NO. 8. GENERAL DIRECTORY. TAUIIUKO'. i Mayor Alexander MoCabe. i CovMiiosEM Ji.lin Norfloet, Joseph 0..hh an.l I Henry C Cherry, j ScnsiaT axd TBsts Kobyrt Whitchur-t. j Const tws .T. B. Hyatt, i Wac Hurry Redmond, Bill Rattle nu.! J mites 11. S:m.in?o!). i rotNTV. j Superior Court Clerk and Proha't Judge ' John Norlleet. ' Register ot Deeds 3. J. Kecclt. SierijF- Battle Bryan. Cuioner Will. T.Godwin. I Treasurer Roht. H. Austin. ; Surveyor Sen Harrcll. j S. haul Examiners. E. K. Stamps, Win. II. j Knid'.t and 11. II. bhaw. Keeper Poor House Win. A. nufriran. Commissioners M. P. Ed wards, Chairman. W in. A. Diiscunn, N. B. Hellamv, ami Mac M atUtwsotu B. J. Keech, Clerk. MAILS. ARKIVAI. am pkpakture of mails. NOKl'H AN0SOUTH VIA V A W. R. R. Leave Tarboro' (daily) at - 10 A. M. Arrive al Tarboro' (daily) at - - ;i Si I'. M. WASHINGTON MAIL VIA GREENVILLE. FAI.lv LAND AND SPARTA. I.av Tiirbnm' (daily at - - '. A. M. Arrive at Tarboro' (daily) at - - 1'. M. -o- - LOOliES. The l'iglit and tUe Place of Reeling-. Concord R. A. Chapter No. 5, N. M. Law rence, HisjU Priest, Masonic Hall, monthly convocations first Thursday in ev ;ry month at 10 o'clock A. M. Coueoril Lodge No. 58, Thomas Gatlin, Master, Masonic Hall, meets first Friday r.ij;ht. it T o'clock P. M. and third Saturday at 10 o'clock A. M. in every month. Repiton Encampment No. 13, I. O. (). F., Dr. Jos. 11. Baker, Chief Patriarch, Odd Fel lows' Hall, meets every first and third Thurs day of each month. F.djrecorube Lodsre No. .10, I. O. O. ., J. If. Baker, N. G., Odd Fellows' Hal!, meets every Tuesday night. Edgecombe Conned No. 122, Friends of Temperance, meet every Friday night at the OJd Fellows' Hall. Advance Lodije No. 23, I. O. G. T., meets every Wednesday night at Odd Fellows' Hall CHURCHES. Episcopal Church Service every Sunday at 10 1-2 o'clock A. M. and 5 P. M. Dr. J. B. Cheshire, Rector. ilethodist CI lire. Services every third, Sunday lit 11 o'clock. Rev. C. C. Dodson Pastor. Vreshylerian Ch urch -Services second Sun day of cadi mouth at 11 o'clock A. M. and 8 o'clock P. M. Rev. J. W. Primrose, Evan kre!i.-t. Missionary Baptist Church Services the 2nd SuuJav in every moitb, at 11 o'clock. Kev. T. R."0en, Pastor. Primitive Baptist Church Services first Saturday and Sunday of each month at 11 i. 'clock. HOTELS, Adams' Hotel, corner Main and Pitt Pts. O. F. Adams, Proprietor. Mrs. Pender's, (formerly Gregory Hotel,) ylaia Street, opposite "Enquirer" Otlice, Airs. M. Pender, Proprietress. BAKS. Bank of New Hanover, oa Main Street, next uoor to Mr. M. Weddell. C'apt. J. D. Cummin?, Cashier. Office hour from 'J A. M. to : P. M. EXPRESS, Southern Express Office, on Main Street, closes every morning atSJ-j o'clock. N. M. Lawrence, Agent. A FAMILY ARTICLE- Agents make $12.50 per day, $" per week. AN ENTIRELY NEW SEWING MACHINE ! For Domestic Use, ONLY FIVE DOLLARS With the New Patent HUTTON IIOLiEWORKKI?, Patented June 27th, 1ST1. WARDED TIIE FIRST PREMIUM AT Til V. AMERICAN INSTITUTE AND MARYLAND INSTITUTE FAIRS. 1-7!. A most wonderful and elegantly construc ted Sewing Machine for Family Work. Com plete in ail Its Prt, Uses the Straight Eye Pointed Needle, Belt Threading, direct up right Positive Motion, New Tentiou, Self Feed and Cloth Guider. Operates by Wheel and on a Table. Light Running, smooth an u noiseless, like all good high-priced ma chines. Has Patent Check to prevent the wheel being turned the wrong way. Uses the thread direct from the spool. Makes the Elastic Lock Stitch, (finest and strongest stitch known;) firm, durable, close and rapid. Will do all kinds of work, fine and coar-e, from Cambric 10 heavy Cloth or Leather, and uses all description of thread. This Machine is heavily constructed to give it strength ; all the parts of each Machine being made alike bv ma( hinery, and beautifully finished and ornamented. It is very easy to learn. Rap id, Smooth and Silent in operation. Reliable at all times, and a Practical, Scientific, Me chanical Invention, at Greatly Reduced Price. A Good, Cheap, Family Sewing Machine at last. The lirt and only success in producing a valuable, substantial and reliable low priced Sewing Machine. Iu extreme low price roaches a:l conditions. Its simplicity and strength adapts it to all capacities, while iis many merits make it a universal favorite wherever uted, and creates a rapid deni iud. IT IS ALL IT IS RECOMMENDED. 1 can cheerfully and confidently recom mend its use to those who are wanting a re- all v good Sewing Machine, at a low price. Mrs. II. B. JAMESON, Peotone, Will County, 111. Price ol each Machine. "Class A." "One," (warranted for live yea-s by special certifi cate,) wi'h all lh; fixtures, and everything complete belonging to it, including Self Threading Needle, packed iu a strong wood en box, and de ivercd to anv part of the country, by express, fkee of fu. ther charges on receipt of price, only F:ve Dollakm. Safe delivery guaranteed. With each Machine we will s'-nd, on receipt of $1 extra, the new pat ent liUTTON HOLE WORKER, One of the most important and useful inven tions of the age. So imple and certain, that a child can work the finest button hob? with regularity aud ease. Strong and beautiful. hpcciai Terms, and Extra Inducements to" Male aud Female Agents, Stoie Keepers, vfce. w ho will establish agencies through the coun try and keep our New Machines on Exhibi tion and Sale. Connty Rights given 10 smart agents free. Agent's couipleieoulfit, furnish ed without any extra charge. Samples of sewing, descriptive circulars containing Terms, Testimonials, Eugiavings, &c, Ac., sr. nt rKKE. We also supply A I ; R I C C LT U R A L I M PLEMENTS. L. it i -r.t Patents aud Improvements for the Farm and Garden. Mowers, Reapers, Cultivator-, Feed Cutters, Harrows, Farm Mil's. Planters, Harvesters, Threshers and ill arti cles needed for Farm work. Rare Seeds ih large variety. All Money sent in Po-t Otlice Money Orders, Bank Drafts, or by Express, will be at our risk, and arc perfectly secure. Salk delivery of all our goods guaranteed. "An old and responsible firm that sell the best goods at the lowest price, and ean be re lied upon by our readers. Farmer's Journal, Setr York. Not Respcusible for Registered Letters- Address all Orders to 11 IX'KLAND 8E W I NO MACHINE, Cor. Greenwich A Cortlandt Sts., N. Y. Oct. 4, W:5.-m. STORE TO LET. ''piIE STORE rdjoining that of Mr. J. II. 1 lied, now occupied by Messrs. H. Mor ris & P,ro. Foi particulars, apply to OEO. HOWARD. -Jan. 10, 1874. tf MISCELLANEOUS. Dr. J. Walter's 'California Yin eg;a Hitters nr- a unruly Ye?etablo preparation, made- chiefly from tho na tive herbs found on Iho lower ranges of ttc Sierra Nevada mountains of Califor nia, the riedirinal jiropcrtics of which arc exlrartfd thiwfioui without the nso vi A:ci:m!. T! questiou is almost u.u.y asi;ui. iiat is tnc canso ot tlio n:i;.;i:'.i'.lc'.c.l piwvcss of Vixkgar Brr Ticitsf' Our answer is, that they remove the caire of disease, and the patient re covers his health. They are the. great Llood par.iiiT and a lile-givincc principle, a perfect lienovator and Invigorator of the f-y.-te::!. Never before in tlio history cf t:;ci vc.'.d h:i.s a medicine lieea compounded possc-.-n: ir tin; reuiarkahlo c:-.:v!it:es c!" ViNi:w.i: Hittkus in LoaUnir tho sick tf every u:..-:i-; sr. an i.s heir to. They are a p:t:o" P:-r':i.ive as well a.s a Tonic, reiic. : : : tr Coi'iref.tn or laflaimation of tVis? Liver iiuJ isceral Organs in Lilions D.-Ctses The properties cf Dil Walker's Vsxkua lliTTKits are Aperient. Diaphoretic, Caraiinative. Nutriiiom. Laxative, Diuretic, Sei'.ative. C'r.!tcv-Irr;ta::t S'idorifie, Altera tive, ai-il A;.ti-15-;ious. It. H. .HfUOWLD CO.. lrr.psrift an! Hon. Ats.. San lYanciseo. CaUfi-mia, anJ cor. of Washiaton and Chiirltuu Sts.. X. V. Sold by nil DrugUt and Itealcrs. m WW W f 1 M w W m-m m w w vw T I F I OP. CIminpIon Ifrnse Mover ! ratente'. 'in. Hi!i 50 Per Cent Saved by its Use. O Farmer ih,oiild be without this Machine. Only f 5.0 ' for a f irm right and thou sand perhaps will e saved. No more tear ing lown buildings or chimneys, for with machine yon can move a building, regardless of quaiitv, chimney included, to the desired location withont disturbing the inmates. Your Barns are Badly Located. Gin houses need moving: You fail to procure t -nan's be, -au.se y.n, 4:1 trier houses are too close together. Spend S25.00 for the right and yon will never regret it. It will pay you to move your housas if only to get the use of 11. valuable tlebris that will accumulate in 2 or : years. Cost to former to work a s-.'lt per day. I ban.!-, :?:! (lit. Whh t hands you can carry a building 400 to tidO yards per day.w houi the use ! complicated skids, rollers, wind 'us-es oxen and other devices Lrct:e a'l-. r-e-). 0:ie sett ot trucks will pei ha do f ra neighborhood. Cost per sett $'.5 00 Trucks furnished it fictory price-. Great advantages olba edjlo buyers of STATE OK lOt NT V RIGHTS. All orders for rights tmt't be accompanied by ihe ca.-h, upon the receipt of which I will forward the permit io use or order to factory to furni.-ii the required emount of trucks. I hive m .! r00 per month lining a sett of these trucks. It a rare chance to ai-ive men. ('ood ni'-n wact-jd amenta, local and travel ing. Add re,- f. J. REAM Y, Kaleiirb, N. C. I could furnish hundreds of certificates, but at pres -nt only refer to Judge Howard, Tar boro', N". ( '., Mid Mr. Cham'-crlaio, President Citizen lio li, Norfolk, Va. GEN. VV. G. LEWIS, General Agent for Eastern N. C. Feb. KL-tf". HAMPDEN SIDNEY COIjIjEGE. rfHE NEXT SESSION OF THIS SEMI jl narv ot learning will commence on Thursday, Scr t l .h, lT-"!. Hampd. :i Si. In-y is situated in Prince Ed ward County, Va , within a few hundred yards of Union Theo'oieal Seminary, and seven ni'lcs from Parniviile the Dearest de pot of th Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio R. R. The locality of the College i most liealthy, and the community around distinguished for intelligci.ee and pi-dy. There is no Grammar or Preparatory School conned-. J with the College. It re tains the curriculum and the great aim of its teachers is to secure thoroughness in the training and in!rur tion of their pupils and thus to prepare 'hem for professional studies or the active ('.u'ie.s of life. The ordinary cen?es of .1 student exclu sive of the cost of clothing, travelling aud books, are from ?22." to 2-j a year. For Catalogue and liirth'-r information ap ply to Rev. I. M. P. ATKINSON, Pp-'id-Uit llai!'ie!e:i Sidney College, jy 20-tl'. Priucv Edward County, Va. Do you SulFeir from Chills? Have Them No More! TRY Waikiiis Cbiii Pills FOR SALE AT -Vrvi". HOWARD'S DRTJO- SXOHE. Read the following :ei tifie.ate. Hundred of others can 1.- seen on application : TO THE PUBLIC. This i- to certp'y that I have, for two years past, used in iny land y, Dr. Watkin's Chill Piils, and never knew them to fail in a single instance to cure Fever nid Ague. They are a iiiii:-t excellent and the best Pill liiave -ver found. Kcsoeetfullv, P. F. CARRA WAY. i's Cree!,-, Cravi-n Co., N. C, Nov. Jth, :0. . je 7-tt. at. wl-ich he i the day. wecl stock of horses or exchange on also bend j.a-M'tigers ::!oul the country at moderate rates. Drovers will al .vaysfind at his Stables aini-le aecomi!ioda;:ns. JAMES M. L SITERSON, Williani 'tou, N. C P. 8. Any person eoinmunicating with him can have a conveyance sent to any pirt de sired. J. M. L. S. Jan. 30, 1S74. ly. AuentS t.i.m P ., $10 "$20 per day wanted everywhere. Par- Ueulars n ee. Mo. A. H. Bi.aik &. Co., St. Louis. BXCIIAlPpMLES ! ! Ill f lill rVUK under.-i-ne.i4:ke plea.- ; in inform- j fl-AiJg 8 oCaiJEaB JL lii'.r the ptiditc tli.r. ieh is estatilishei! rOTTifijft I m W pQ iS..sj E in Wiiiiaiustou u 'Srge and f;it e'.a.-s -jlfev ii t js h 1 Livery, Sale ar.d Exchange 3 ? HSl-1 prepared to hoard h ,r,e by tMMZ?3 Ii i " or 1110:11;;. Having a good F !t MS" E3 ilwav,o., hand, he will sell VA f.rrM reasonable tcnis He will I tW"! ADVERTISEMENTS. THE FAVORITE HOME REMEDY. This unrivalled Medicine is warranted not to contain u single particle of MEMlKr, or any injurious mineral substance, but is- f PURELY VEGETABLE, containing those Southern Roots' and Herbs, which an all-wise Providence h is placed in countries where Liver Diseases r.iost prevail. It will Cure all Diseases caused nv derange ment of the Liver and Bowels. Simmons' Liver Regulator, or Medicine, Is iiuinently a Family Medicine ; aud by be ins kept ready for immediate retort will save many un lioui' of suffering aud mjuy a dollar in time and doctors' bills. Alter over Forty Years' trial it is atill re ceiving the inojt unqualified testimonials to its virtues from persons of the highest char acters and responsibility. Eminent physi cian commend it as the most EFFECTUAL SPECIFIC For Dyspepsia or Indigestion. Armed with thia ANTIDOTE, all climates and changes of water aud food may be faced without fear. As a Remedy in M ALAllIOUS FEVERS, ROWEL COMPLAINTS, REST LESSNESS, JAUNDICE, NAUSEA, IT HAS NO EQUAL. It is the Cheapest, Purest and Rest Family Medicine in the World ! Manufactured only by J. K. ZEILIN & CO., MACON, GA., and PHILADELPHIA. Price $1.00. Sold by nil Druggists. jPiedraont Air-Line Railway. RIC HMOND & LUNV1LLK. RICHMOND & TANVILLE R. W.. N. C. DIVIS ION, AND NORTH AVE ST- , ERN N. C. K. W. CONDENSED TIME TABLE- In effect on and after Thursday, Jan. 1, 1674. GOING NORTH. STATIONS. Mail. Express. j Leave Charlotte 7.00 p. m. i -: Air-Line Jct'n, 7.15 i " Salisbury, 10.09 " :: Greensboro' 2.1" a. m. Danville, o.28 iiurkville, 11.4") : Arrive at Richmond 2 :32 1: m. ! GOING SOUTH. 8 85 a.m. 8 50 " 10.47 " 1.15 p ii. 8 27 " 8.06 " 10.02 " STATIONS. fail. Express. Leave Richmond, 1.43 p. m. 5 OH a. m. " Burkvilie, 4.5S " S 2S " Danvilla, 0 '2 " 1.03 p. M. " (Ireensboro', 11 G a. m. 4 00 " " Sali-bury, S.5 6 83 " " Air-Line Jnct'n.5.22 ! S.-j-T " Arrive at Charlotte, 6 30 " 9.(H) " GOING EAST. GOING WEST. stations. Mail. Mail. L've Greensboro', V 2.00 a.m. .Arr.l2.00A m Co. Shops, s. 3.55 " " 10 05 Raleigh, R3!U.m. S 6.40 Arr. at Goldsboro, 11.40 " L've S.OOp.m s NORTH WESTERN N. C. R. R. (SALEM BRANCH.) Leave Greensboro' 4.40 P.M. Arrive at Salem 6 35 P. M. Leave Salem S.00 A. M. Arrive at Greei.sboro' . . . lO.t'O A. M. Passenger train leaving Raleigh at 7.40 P. M., connects at Greensboro' with the I .Northern bound train ; making the quickest time to all Northern cities. Price of Tick ets same as via other routes. 1 Trains to and from points East of Greens boro' connect at G:eensb:o' with Mail Trains to or from points North or South. Trains daily, both ways. On Sundays Lynchburg Accommodation leave Richmond at i.42 A. M-, arrive at Burkeville 12.30 P. M., leave H'lrkfvifie 4.3-5 A. M., arrive at Richmond 7.58 A. M. Pullman Palace Cars on all night trains between Charlotte and Richmond, (without change.) For further information address S. K. ALLEN, Gen'l Ticket Agent, Greensboro, N, C. T. M. R. TALCOTT, Engineer & Gen'l Superintendent. J THIS OLD ESTABLISHED BAKERY IS now ready to supply the people of Tar boro and vicinity with all kinds of Brecid, Calces, FrenoJi and Plain C andies, Nuts, Fruits, I embracing ev.;ry thing usually kept In a First : Class Establishment of the kind, j Thankful for the liberal patronage of the past, the undersigned asks a continuation, i with the promise of satisfaction. ! Private Familien can alwayi Iiave ! tbeir Culm Halted herentshort. I est notice. I Orders fop Parties & Balk promptly filled. Call and examine our stock, I next door to Fa-bmbh and Fnqurbr Office. Nov. 4.-m JACOR WEBER. ! $5tO$20 classeof 1 either sex, young or old, mi Agents wanted I All working people, or make more -money at work for us in their spare moments, Or all the time, than at anything else. Particulars fr. e. Address (i. Stinaon Co.,PortUnd, Maine. It 1 S THE is FRIDAY. : FEBRUARY 20, 1874 A TEMPERANCE Will LWIM) I THE WEST. Ohio Ladies cn a Bar Rcom. Prayer Crusade. The crus:iih of tho w ftien of Southern Ol.io against the liquor saloons increases in extent and im portance, A dispatch from Cincin nati says : At Franklin, Warren county, the ladies are zealously besieging; all the waloon keepers meetings. One of saloon keepers has pledge and joined with prayer the German signed thir . .1 rt witu tne services held in his former har-room. The same man had hired a band last Friday and tried to give a ball, while the ladies were in front sing ing hymns and praying. Towards evening the dancers went to the dwelling of the manager and told him they could not stand this. They abandoned the holding cf the ball at his house, and went to the extreme lower end of the town to a hall that was awiy from the prayer circle. At Wayuesville, Warren county, several salooa keepers hold out, and it is said the roughest men find it sometimes impossible to restrain tears as tho ladies kneel on the flags in the cold or storm. A picket of ladies watched the saloons on Saturday night and immediately Surrounded the doors when any man tried to enter for a drink. One of the saloon keepers has sold his stock to an active promoter of the crusade, and he will move West. Deputations of ladies visit each saloon daily. On Saturday, at f Waynesville, the largest temperance j meeting that has yet been held as sembled. The enthusiasm was such that the meeting continued for over three hours. At one time the packed multituded arose en masse to testify that they would never cease their efforts till the last vestige of the whisky traffic is ban ished from the town. At London, Madison county, the ladies are visiting the ssloons, , groceries and drug stores. The druggists there have unanimously signed the pledge. The saloon keepers number twenty five, some of whom are hostile and some non committal. It ordered out of a saloon the ladies immediately or ganize their prayer meeting on the sidewalk. In a temperance speech the Rev. Mr. Finley, said: "Yes, we will send the ladies to these places, and if an insult is offered to them, if a hand is laid on them, let us see it; let them dare to touch my wife; we will rise as one man and enforce the laws of our country." At McArthur, Vinton country, the excitement is the most intense ever known in the village. The ladies are making the rounds of the saloons daily, and at each one they present the pledge to the proprietors to quit the sale of intoxicating liquors. One of the dealers cap itulated closed his saloon, and signed both the personal and dea.ers' pledge. The remainder of the dealers have agreed to quit the business as soon as they can dispose of their stock on hand, At New Vienna, Clark county, the incorrigible and combative saloon keeper, J. C. Van Pelt, defies the crusaders. He, being kinJly disposed, brought out a beer keg apiece for seats, and they were arranged in the form of a semicircle around the door. The order of exercise was : First, prayer and singing by the ladies; second came a sernion'by the " Rev." Mr. Van Pelt. This programme wes repeated ovtr and over until darkness dis persed the congregation. Theladies proposed to stand guard until the besieged surrenders. Arrangements have been made to erect a shanty in front of the dead wall. It is not expected that the forty saloons will be crushed by moral suasion alone; the sum of $1,000 is to be raised to carry on the legal war. At New Lexington, Perry county, the war is vigorously prosecuted by about one hundred ladies and one hundred and fifty men. Immense temperance meetings are being held, at which one of the speakers is an ex-Colonel, who rehearses the story of his downward career as a drunkard. The praying ban! of sisters is about seventy -five strong, and they go their rounds every day; but the majority of the besieged reject their overtures and conduct their business as best they can. At Hillsboro, Highland county of the nine saloons, including three hotel bars, five ha ve closed, at least temporarily. Of the four druggists two have agreed to sell only on prescription of a regular physician, and the others claim to be regular physicians. A saloon keeper there named Dunn has issued posters warning the women of Hillsboro' not to obstruct his legitimate busi ness. Addressing the ladies by name, he says; " You are therefore, hereby further notified that if such action and trespasses are repeated I shall apply to the laws of the State for redress and damage for the in juries occasioned by reason of the practice of which 1 ccmplain. All others aiding or encouraging you, by means of money or otherwise, are also notified that I shall hold them responsible for such a 1 vice and en couragement. The ladies of Hillsboro,' however, have eight leaders, each command ing a band of twenty to fortv, and divide time regularly. If the1 saloons will not close under a regular agreement, they purpose to keep a permanent guard from ihis time on until the people get ac customed to do without saloons. Their success so far has been" only average. The record shows that the consumption of liquor has decreased two-thirds. Progress of Manufacturing in the South. The strides the South is making in manufacturing, mechanical and mining industries are so great as to give promise soon of a lively com petition on her part with her more active Northern sisters in many branches of production of which the latter have hitherto had the mono poly. Of some of these enterprises, such as cotton and wool-spinning, mining and working in metals, and the multiplication of saw-mills, the north has had some notice, though a very imperfeet one, through the last census report. Yet the latesc reports give only the figures of five or six years ago, and the pro gress made during that interval has been something marvellous to con template, taking into consideration the adverse circumstances and sur roundings in the midst of which it has been accomplished. The out side world has seen and heard some thing of these larger industries; but of the new movement in the South, which has made many of her cities and towns the busy centree of smaller manufacturing industries, and cut oft considerably the outside supply articles of common use on plantations and in the household, no mention has been made. For the South has begun to diversify her labor, bringing in her white wo men and children, as well as her men a new phase of Southern life, which hitherto made man the labor- ing oar, ana uevotea woman to social and domestic duties alone, wherever actual necessity did not compel her to step out of what was then considered her proper sphere. important to ihe couth as the profitable working and extension of her cotton mills, iron foundries and saw-mills must prove to those who have the capital to establish them, it may vet be doubted wheth er, as regards the comunity at large, whose capital is now but small, these larger enterprises will prove as beneficial as the develop ment of the innumerable minor in dustrial and mechanical enterprises which necessity, the mother of invention, has introduced on South- ern soil. For now, throughout the Southern States, these manufac tories for articles in common use are being established by individuals or combinations of artizans .vhosc skill and labor arc their capital, and generally patronized by the neigh borhood, who find the home article infinitely cheaper than the foreign one; so that in this way the Southern people are growing self supporting and are circulating their surplus funds amori? the members of their own communities .Ldwix de Leon, 'in Harper s. Magazine for Fehr-h.aru. Progressive Agriculture. No doubt every farmer desires to be known as an intelligent and progressi"e tiller of the soil ; but in order to merit that appellation there must be management. A manufacturer who does not keep up with the times is left high and dry, while some youthful and intelligent competitor catches the flood that leads on to fortune. Ihe only way to bring about successful results is to endeavor to develop increased fertility, and that increased produc tion and increased lertility are to he brought about by the enterpris ing farmer exercising a liberal ex penditure of labor and capital. The farmer, as compared with the merchant or manufacturer, is in a most unviable position, and his cap ital, scattered over his fruitful fields, is by his successor carefully reaped, and thus other men enter into the sweets and rewards of his own labor and capital. The pres ent and future tendency of agricul ture is, and must be still more, one of progression and increasing de velopment. The advance in the price of labor, the multiplied use of expensive machinery, the indispen sable use of high priced fertilizers, the increased consumption of feed ing cakes, the higher price of cat tle, the necessity for large increase of capital, the increased compensa tion in the supplies of corn and live cattle and preserved meats, make the science and practice of agricul ture more than ever a difficult, but also more than ever a progressive one. It is not possible to retreat. To be a successful farmer it requires a far-seeing, hard-head, cautious, yet resolute and courageous policy. At the Tomb of the Lees A correspondent, who has visited Lexington thin writes of the Tomb of the Lees : I, of course visited th tomb of Lee and the grave 'f Stonewall Jackson. A raonrnful interest has been added to the former by the fact tht't his noble wife and aceom glishd daughter now sleep beside him henoith the chapel he built. The v tiiit c Mit.umnjx the rem iins of Mis3 Agnes is closed with a block of liockbrigde gray linn stone so (so beautifully polished that one would take it for the finest marble), which is capped with a block of beautiful Italian raarble, on which is carved the simple inscription : " Eleanor Agnes Lee, Died Oeto her 15th 1873." Mrs. Lee, by her own : request, was buried in the same vault with the General. The box containing his burial case was taken out (and not the slightest evidence of decay discov ered), the vault was enlarged, and the cases placed side- by side. An arch was then fprung over the two cases, and solid masonry (laid in cement and covered with sand, so as to make it perfectly fire-proof) run up to the level of the floor, the whole capped with beautiful marble slabs, on which are the inscription: ' Robert Edward Lee. Rorn January l!Uh, 1797. Died Octo ber 12th, 1870.' And ' Mrs. Mary Custus Lee. Rorn October 1st, 1808. Died November 5th 1873.' The black walnut railing, with posts capped with white marble, and the crown and cross, anchor, and other devic:s of immortelles, the evergreen, hanging moss from the far South, and fresh flowers, with which loving hands keep the tombs always decked, conspire to produce a very pleasing effect. It is very grateful to one's feelings to find a student on guard in the ad joining room to conduct visitors to the tomb and into the old office of General Lcc, which is kept just as he left it on the day of his fatal illness his chair near its accus tomed place at his table (only a little pushed back as he left his work) the pens with which he wrote- the half-finished letter which he was writing his neatly-folded papers his books carefully arrang ed in their shelves and the pile of ' monthly reports' over which he laid aside the - implements of his busy life preparatory to receiving his fadeless crown and entering upon his much-needed 'Rest.' Ry the way as it is a popular impres sion that General Lee's death was hastened by uncongenial work at Lexington, I will give a sentence from a noble letter he wrote his old lieutenant, General Ewell, but a short time before his death. Al luding to his college work, Gen eral Lee wrote his old comrade-inarms : 'I find my present life exceed ingly congenial and pleasant to me, and I have discovered, when too late, that I have wasted the best years of my existence.' When Valentine's splendid sar cophagus is finished, and other con templated changes made in the 'Memorial Chapel,' it will be a most fittiug monument to our grand old chieftain, who proved himself even greater in Peace than in War. It will be gratifying to the public to know that the memorial commit tee now have on hand funds suffi- cieni to enaole V alentne to put into marble that splendid creation of his genius the figure cf Lee asleep in his bivouac beneath the stars, which will unquestionably give our young artist a place fore most in the ranks of his profes sion. Rut they will need funds to en able them to make necessary chang es for the reception, putting up. and preservation of the sarcopha- gus. Disraeli's Going into Power. The triumph of tho Conseratiyes or Tories in England will nocesitate a readjustment of the Ministry at the opening of Parliament. It is not difficult to see who will hold the reigns of government. It is the not very singular fortune of Rriti&h politics to have but two men who stand head and shoulder above the crowd Disraeli and Gladstone. Hardly ever has the following of the great leaders of England been so weak. Of the Tories, the Earl of Derby can now scarcely be counted upon for any great strength. After him, comes who? Can tho reader remember without reference to book r pamphlet? From the Liberals take away Gladstone, and Rright, and is not the party a body without a head? So Disraeli will probably come into power without a strong following, but with one quite the equal cf it3 opponents. 5loreover, it is not committed to any definite pol icy, except to deal with the chronic 1 T 1 discontent ot Ireland in a more sootnino- manner, and to lollow a more vigorous foreign policy Though the Conservatives are To ries, and may dislike some things already accomplished, the general policy of England at home and abroad will be practically the same. A Remarkable Man. Hawcsville (Ky.) Plaindea'pr There lives in Ohio county, near Whitesville, Daviess county, a gen tleman whose nam is Henry T. Tanner, aged fifty-seven years. lie tie .er had a bad cold, has never voted for a Pn sident, has never been to his county-seat (Hartford), has not voted 1864 (though an old citizen), and has never been to his precinct but twice. At the age of twenty-three years he lost, by straying, the oniy horse he evor owned, though he is now a well-to-do farmer. He went to hunt his mare, aud failed in finding her, but fouijd a wife, and brought her homo instead. She is twency-five years older than he is. At the time of mairiage her weight was 233 pounds, his 123, pounds; now he weighs 230, and she 130. At one time since their marriage they weighed exactly the same viz., 233 pounds. Mr. Tanner is a very strong and healthy man. He has never lost but one meal of vic tuals from sickness. When he built his house he carried enough plank up a steep hill to lay the floor of a room seventeen by nine teen feet at two loads and had six planks seventeen feet long left. It is his custom to go to mill, three or four miles distant, and carry the corn and meal, never using a horse, and carrying two bushels at a time. He has raised three thousand pounds of tobacco, besides other crops, this year, and a horse has never been in the field. This the usual crop he raises in the same manner, never using a horse. He has never hauled any fire-wood that he has burned, always carry ing it. His brother Jonathan carri ed a rock weighing seven hundred pounds across a mill-dam, walking a timber onlv abcut eight inches in width. The same brother cleared and fenced ten acres of land in one winter, carrying all the rails seven to fourteen rails was his load. He and Mr. Henry Tanner wrestled four hours (different heats) and neither was thrown. Many other things could be truth fully said of this remarkable man, but we think this is sufficient to entitle him to the adjective. This account was given us by Mr. Tanner himself, and in the presence of several citizens of Whitesville, who vouch" ed for the most of it as the truth. The Confederate Porces. In the November numbers of the Eclectic and the Land We Love, 18G9, an interesting and important correspondence was published be tween Dr. Joseph Jones, Secretary of the Historical Society, and Gen eral S. Cooper, ex Adjutant Gener al of the Confederate States; From that source we glean the following facts for the benefit of those who are not to fortunate as to have pre served a file of the magazines. Such facts are startling even to those who participated in the Southern struggle : 1. The available forces of the Confederate army did not during the war exceed 000,000 men. 2. The Confederate States never had in their defence more than 200,000 men in the field at one time. 3. From 18G1 to 18G" the Con federate forces actively engaged were only 600,000. 4. The total number of deaths during that time were 200,000. 5. Losses of prisoners counted as total losses on account of the Uni ted States policy of exchange, 200, 000. G. The loss of the Confederate States army by discharge, disability and desertion amounted to 100, 000. 7. At the close of the war the force of the Confederate army was less than 100,000. 8. Out ef G00,000 men 500,000 were lost to the service. These facts are taken from cal culations made with great care by Dr. Joseph Jones, submitted to and approved by General S. Cooper, Adjutant General of the Confeder ate arm, Mobile heyister. Recollections of Agassiz. It is one of the traditions among the old belles of Cambridge that when Agassiz came there he was regarded as the handsomest man they had seen. Ihe tradition does not need much testimony ; for even to the day of his death he was hand some, especially when he smiled. It was wonderful what an illumina ting effect that smile had. His personal attractions, geniality and attention to little courtesies, always made him a iavorite with the ladies. They attended his school in large numbers, lhere was not a great deal of discipline there; the rule was tnat you must speak in French, but there was a great deal of whis pering in English which the teacher somehow overlooked. This worship of the man was not confined to Cambridge. It would be hard to name a place in the country where Agassiz had beeu that he was not affectionately cannouized. On his return from the llasalcr expedition he could not slip quietly into the Lowell institute to hear his friend Tjndal lecture without being ob- served and compelled by u perfect thunder slcrm of appiauso to bow again and again his recognition of the tribute. He was a sort of pope in Roston. "Do you see that man sitting over in that corner said intelli gent reporter of a Roston paper t me. " Yes." "Well that is Agassi. , knows cverithing." He was always indifferent to money where science was concerned. He spent it lavishly whenever ho could get it, often lor things which would not make show for the public, but which were invaluable for the pursuit of scientific truth. He was not a business man nor a financier. If he wanted money for his museum he would appeal to his friends and the public, and was sure to tret it. Then he would spend it rapidly for collections or improvements, confi dent that he could get more when he needed it. Explorations in Palestine The archaeologist M. Ganneau, while at Jaffa, located the ancient cemetary of the town, the full exam ination of which he reserves for a future opportunity. On the way to Jerusalem he revisited the site which he had previously identified as the Riblical City of Gczer, where he was abla to trace in part the plan of the old city and the position of its houses and suburbs. In Jerusalem he has examined a num ber of Judueo Greek sarcophagi, with inscriptions. They were found quite recently on the Mount of Olives, not far from the site of Rethany, their dates being of Chris tian times and apparently very early. They contain the bones of Christian Jews, and if is startling, says an English paper, to come upon the names of Simon, Martha, and Lazarus in connection with the lo cality in which these bones wero discovered. Our Domestic Sugar Supply. The annual diminution ot the sugar and molasses products of Louisiana is a matter that concerns the whole country. The shrinkage in the supply for the la3t thirteen years has been 14,000 hogsheads of su gar and 800,000 gallons of molasses. The war and the misgovcrnment which have followed it are looked upon as responsible for no small part of this industrial retrogression, thongh the great trouble is thought to be with the cane, an exotic plant which, unless occasionally renewed, gradually deteriorates and loses its productive power. According to the eensus of 1870 the total product of cane sugar was 87,043 hogsheads, and of cane mo lasse 6,593,323 gallons. Of these Lousiana produced 80,700 hogs heads and 3,585,150 gallons. The production of molasses from the sorghum in Ohio alone is report" cd to have amounted to 3,000,000 gallons, worth sixty cents a gallon. Dr. Livingstone. The news of his death seems to be confirmed. Herr Rrenner, the German ex plorer of Africa, in a letter to Dr. Petermann, of Gotha, dated Zanzi bar, says Livingstone died on the 15th of August. Thi3 date differs from that of a previous report, but all doubt has been Eft at rest by an official dispatch received by the Rritish Government from Zanzibar. This dispatc'.i states circumstantial ly that Dr. Livingstone died at Lobisa, after crossing marshes, with the water, at one time three hours consecutively, above his waist. The sufferings of his whole party were terrible, and ten of them died in consequence. The members of Cameron's expedition were suffer ing from fever and ophthalmia, but would await the arrival of the Doctor's remains and bring them to Ujiji. From the latter place they would be conveyed to Zanzibar, where it is expected they will ar rive next month. Boys, Mind your Commas. The comma, like the tongue, is a little thing, and like it will make good sense or nonsense, just accor ding as it is used. Take, for in stance, the old nursery rhyme. With the commas misplaced, it is so nonsensical that it needs a com mentary to explain it: Every lady in the land Has twenty nails on each hand, Five and twenty on hands and feet ; This is true without deceit. Alter the position of the commas and the meaning is clear: Every lady in the land lias twenty nails, on each hand Five, and twenty on hands and feet : This is true without deceit. An auctioneer once advertised a lot of chairs which, he said, had been used by school children without backs." Youth's Compan ion. An Irishman was once taken to see the wonders of Niagara Fall. He did not seem to think it tremen dous after all. His friend asked him "Don't you think it is a won derful thing?" "Why is it a wonder ful thing!" asked the Irishmen. "Don't you sec," said his friend, "that immense body of water roll ing down the precipice!" Says he "What' to hinder it!"