O J .1 1 'Pp R aii til tf
" ALL POWERS, NOT HEREIN DELEGATED, REMAIN WITH THE PEOPLE. "-Constitution of N. C.
AIBOH() N. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20, T874
OLD SERIFS, VOL. .r0.
NEW SERIES, VOL. 1. J
Mayor Alexander MoCabe. i
CovMiiosEM Ji.lin Norfloet, Joseph 0..hh an.l I
Henry C Cherry, j
ScnsiaT axd TBsts Kobyrt Whitchur-t. j
Const tws .T. B. Hyatt, i
Wac Hurry Redmond, Bill Rattle nu.!
J mites 11. S:m.in?o!). i
Superior Court Clerk and Proha't Judge '
John Norlleet. '
Register ot Deeds 3. J. Kecclt.
SierijF- Battle Bryan.
Cuioner Will. T.Godwin. I
Treasurer Roht. H. Austin. ;
Surveyor Sen Harrcll. j
S. haul Examiners. E. K. Stamps, Win. II. j
Knid'.t and 11. II. bhaw.
Keeper Poor House Win. A. nufriran.
Commissioners M. P. Ed wards, Chairman.
W in. A. Diiscunn, N. B. Hellamv, ami Mac
M atUtwsotu B. J. Keech, Clerk.
ARKIVAI. am pkpakture of mails.
NOKl'H AN0SOUTH VIA V A W. R. R.
Leave Tarboro' (daily) at - 10 A. M.
Arrive al Tarboro' (daily) at - - ;i Si I'. M.
WASHINGTON MAIL VIA GREENVILLE.
FAI.lv LAND AND SPARTA.
I.av Tiirbnm' (daily at - - '. A. M.
Arrive at Tarboro' (daily) at - - 1'. M.
The l'iglit and tUe Place of Reeling-.
Concord R. A. Chapter No. 5, N. M. Law
rence, HisjU Priest, Masonic Hall, monthly
convocations first Thursday in ev ;ry month at
10 o'clock A. M.
Coueoril Lodge No. 58, Thomas Gatlin,
Master, Masonic Hall, meets first Friday r.ij;ht.
it T o'clock P. M. and third Saturday at 10
o'clock A. M. in every month.
Repiton Encampment No. 13, I. O. (). F.,
Dr. Jos. 11. Baker, Chief Patriarch, Odd Fel
lows' Hall, meets every first and third Thurs
day of each month.
F.djrecorube Lodsre No. .10, I. O. O. .,
J. If. Baker, N. G., Odd Fellows' Hal!, meets
every Tuesday night.
Edgecombe Conned No. 122, Friends of
Temperance, meet every Friday night at the
OJd Fellows' Hall.
Advance Lodije No. 23, I. O. G. T., meets
every Wednesday night at Odd Fellows' Hall
Episcopal Church Service every Sunday
at 10 1-2 o'clock A. M. and 5 P. M. Dr. J. B.
ilethodist CI lire. Services every third,
Sunday lit 11 o'clock. Rev. C. C. Dodson
Vreshylerian Ch urch -Services second Sun
day of cadi mouth at 11 o'clock A. M. and
8 o'clock P. M. Rev. J. W. Primrose, Evan
Missionary Baptist Church Services the
2nd SuuJav in every moitb, at 11 o'clock.
Kev. T. R."0en, Pastor.
Primitive Baptist Church Services first
Saturday and Sunday of each month at 11
Adams' Hotel, corner Main and Pitt Pts.
O. F. Adams, Proprietor.
Mrs. Pender's, (formerly Gregory Hotel,)
ylaia Street, opposite "Enquirer" Otlice,
Airs. M. Pender, Proprietress.
Bank of New Hanover, oa Main Street,
next uoor to Mr. M. Weddell. C'apt. J. D.
Cummin?, Cashier. Office hour from 'J A.
M. to : P. M.
Southern Express Office, on Main Street,
closes every morning atSJ-j o'clock.
N. M. Lawrence, Agent.
A FAMILY ARTICLE-
Agents make $12.50 per day, $" per week.
AN ENTIRELY NEW
SEWING MACHINE !
For Domestic Use,
ONLY FIVE DOLLARS
With the New Patent
Patented June 27th, 1ST1.
WARDED TIIE FIRST PREMIUM AT Til V.
AND MARYLAND INSTITUTE FAIRS. 1-7!.
A most wonderful and elegantly construc
ted Sewing Machine for Family Work. Com
plete in ail Its Prt, Uses the Straight Eye
Pointed Needle, Belt Threading, direct up
right Positive Motion, New Tentiou, Self
Feed and Cloth Guider. Operates by Wheel
and on a Table. Light Running, smooth
an u noiseless, like all good high-priced ma
chines. Has Patent Check to prevent the
wheel being turned the wrong way. Uses
the thread direct from the spool. Makes the
Elastic Lock Stitch, (finest and strongest
stitch known;) firm, durable, close and rapid.
Will do all kinds of work, fine and coar-e,
from Cambric 10 heavy Cloth or Leather, and
uses all description of thread. This Machine
is heavily constructed to give it strength ; all
the parts of each Machine being made alike
bv ma( hinery, and beautifully finished and
ornamented. It is very easy to learn. Rap
id, Smooth and Silent in operation. Reliable
at all times, and a Practical, Scientific, Me
chanical Invention, at Greatly Reduced Price.
A Good, Cheap, Family Sewing Machine at
last. The lirt and only success in producing
a valuable, substantial and reliable low priced
Sewing Machine. Iu extreme low price
roaches a:l conditions. Its simplicity and
strength adapts it to all capacities, while iis
many merits make it a universal favorite
wherever uted, and creates a rapid deni iud.
IT IS ALL IT IS RECOMMENDED.
1 can cheerfully and confidently recom
mend its use to those who are wanting a re-
all v good Sewing Machine, at a low price.
Mrs. II. B. JAMESON,
Peotone, Will County, 111.
Price ol each Machine. "Class A." "One,"
(warranted for live yea-s by special certifi
cate,) wi'h all lh; fixtures, and everything
complete belonging to it, including Self
Threading Needle, packed iu a strong wood
en box, and de ivercd to anv part of the
country, by express, fkee of fu. ther charges
on receipt of price, only F:ve Dollakm. Safe
delivery guaranteed. With each Machine we
will s'-nd, on receipt of $1 extra, the new pat
ent liUTTON HOLE WORKER,
One of the most important and useful inven
tions of the age. So imple and certain, that
a child can work the finest button hob? with
regularity aud ease. Strong and beautiful.
hpcciai Terms, and Extra Inducements to"
Male aud Female Agents, Stoie Keepers, vfce.
w ho will establish agencies through the coun
try and keep our New Machines on Exhibi
tion and Sale. Connty Rights given 10 smart
agents free. Agent's couipleieoulfit, furnish
ed without any extra charge. Samples of
sewing, descriptive circulars containing
Terms, Testimonials, Eugiavings, &c, Ac.,
sr. nt rKKE. We also supply
A I ; R I C C LT U R A L I M PLEMENTS.
L. it i -r.t Patents aud Improvements for the
Farm and Garden. Mowers, Reapers, Cultivator-,
Feed Cutters, Harrows, Farm Mil's.
Planters, Harvesters, Threshers and ill arti
cles needed for Farm work. Rare Seeds ih
large variety. All Money sent in Po-t Otlice
Money Orders, Bank Drafts, or by Express,
will be at our risk, and arc perfectly secure.
Salk delivery of all our goods guaranteed.
"An old and responsible firm that sell the
best goods at the lowest price, and ean be re
lied upon by our readers. Farmer's Journal,
Not Respcusible for Registered Letters-
Address all Orders to
11 IX'KLAND 8E W I NO MACHINE,
Cor. Greenwich A Cortlandt Sts., N. Y.
Oct. 4, W:5.-m.
STORE TO LET.
''piIE STORE rdjoining that of Mr. J. II.
1 lied, now occupied by Messrs. H. Mor
ris & P,ro.
Foi particulars, apply to
-Jan. 10, 1874. tf
Dr. J. Walter's 'California Yin
eg;a Hitters nr- a unruly Ye?etablo
preparation, made- chiefly from tho na
tive herbs found on Iho lower ranges of
ttc Sierra Nevada mountains of Califor
nia, the riedirinal jiropcrtics of which
arc exlrartfd thiwfioui without the nso
questiou is almost
u.u.y asi;ui. iiat is tnc canso ot tlio
n:i;.;i:'.i'.lc'.c.l piwvcss of Vixkgar Brr
Ticitsf' Our answer is, that they remove
the caire of disease, and the patient re
covers his health. They are the. great
Llood par.iiiT and a lile-givincc principle,
a perfect lienovator and Invigorator
of the f-y.-te::!. Never before in tlio
history cf t:;ci vc.'.d h:i.s a medicine lieea
compounded possc-.-n: ir tin; reuiarkahlo
c:-.:v!it:es c!" ViNi:w.i: Hittkus in LoaUnir tho
sick tf every u:..-:i-; sr. an i.s heir to. They
are a p:t:o" P:-r':i.ive as well a.s a Tonic,
reiic. : : : tr Coi'iref.tn or laflaimation of
tVis? Liver iiuJ isceral Organs in Lilions
The properties cf Dil Walker's
Vsxkua lliTTKits are Aperient. Diaphoretic,
Caraiinative. Nutriiiom. Laxative, Diuretic,
Sei'.ative. C'r.!tcv-Irr;ta::t S'idorifie, Altera
tive, ai-il A;.ti-15-;ious.
It. H. .HfUOWLD CO..
lrr.psrift an! Hon. Ats.. San lYanciseo. CaUfi-mia,
anJ cor. of Washiaton and Chiirltuu Sts.. X. V.
Sold by nil DrugUt and Itealcrs.
m WW W f 1 M w W m-m m w w vw
T I F I
CIminpIon Ifrnse Mover !
50 Per Cent Saved by its Use.
O Farmer ih,oiild be without this Machine.
Only f 5.0 ' for a f irm right and thou
sand perhaps will e saved. No more tear
ing lown buildings or chimneys, for with
machine yon can move a building, regardless
of quaiitv, chimney included, to the desired
location withont disturbing the inmates.
Your Barns are Badly Located.
Gin houses need moving: You fail to procure
t -nan's be, -au.se y.n, 4:1 trier houses are too
Spend S25.00 for the right and yon will
never regret it.
It will pay you to move your housas if only
to get the use of 11. valuable tlebris that will
accumulate in 2 or : years. Cost to former
to work a s-.'lt per day. I ban.!-, :?:! (lit. Whh
t hands you can carry a building 400 to tidO
yards per day.w houi the use ! complicated
skids, rollers, wind 'us-es oxen and other
devices Lrct:e a'l-. r-e-). 0:ie sett ot trucks
will pei ha do f ra neighborhood. Cost
per sett $'.5 00 Trucks furnished it fictory
price-. Great advantages olba edjlo buyers of
STATE OK lOt NT V RIGHTS.
All orders for rights tmt't be accompanied
by ihe ca.-h, upon the receipt of which I will
forward the permit io use or order to factory
to furni.-ii the required emount of trucks.
I hive m .! r00 per month lining a sett of
these trucks. It a rare chance to ai-ive men.
('ood ni'-n wact-jd amenta, local and travel
ing. Add re,- f. J. REAM Y,
Kaleiirb, N. C.
I could furnish hundreds of certificates, but
at pres -nt only refer to Judge Howard, Tar
boro', N". ( '., Mid Mr. Cham'-crlaio, President
Citizen lio li, Norfolk, Va.
GEN. VV. G. LEWIS, General Agent for
Eastern N. C. Feb. KL-tf".
rfHE NEXT SESSION OF THIS SEMI
jl narv ot learning will commence on
Thursday, Scr t l .h, lT-"!.
Hampd. :i Si. In-y is situated in Prince Ed
ward County, Va , within a few hundred
yards of Union Theo'oieal Seminary, and
seven ni'lcs from Parniviile the Dearest de
pot of th Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio R. R.
The locality of the College i most liealthy,
and the community around distinguished for
intelligci.ee and pi-dy.
There is no Grammar or Preparatory
School conned-. J with the College. It re
tains the curriculum and the great aim of its
teachers is to secure thoroughness in the
training and in!rur tion of their pupils and
thus to prepare 'hem for professional studies
or the active ('.u'ie.s of life.
The ordinary cen?es of .1 student exclu
sive of the cost of clothing, travelling aud
books, are from ?22." to 2-j a year.
For Catalogue and liirth'-r information ap
ply to Rev. I. M. P. ATKINSON,
Pp-'id-Uit llai!'ie!e:i Sidney College,
jy 20-tl'. Priucv Edward County, Va.
Do you SulFeir from Chills?
Have Them No More!
Waikiiis Cbiii Pills
FOR SALE AT
Read the following :ei tifie.ate. Hundred
of others can 1.- seen on application :
TO THE PUBLIC.
This i- to certp'y that I have, for two years
past, used in iny land y, Dr. Watkin's Chill
Piils, and never knew them to fail in a single
instance to cure Fever nid Ague. They are
a iiiii:-t excellent and the best Pill liiave -ver
P. F. CARRA WAY.
i's Cree!,-, Cravi-n Co., N. C, Nov. Jth,
:0. . je 7-tt.
at. wl-ich he i
the day. wecl
stock of horses
or exchange on
also bend j.a-M'tigers ::!oul the country at
moderate rates. Drovers will al .vaysfind at
his Stables aini-le aecomi!ioda;:ns.
JAMES M. L SITERSON,
Williani 'tou, N. C
P. 8. Any person eoinmunicating with him
can have a conveyance sent to any pirt de
sired. J. M. L. S.
Jan. 30, 1S74. ly.
t.i.m P .,
wanted everywhere. Par-
Ueulars n ee.
A. H. Bi.aik &. Co., St. Louis.
BXCIIAlPpMLES ! ! Ill f lill
rVUK under.-i-ne.i4:ke plea.- ; in inform- j fl-AiJg 8 oCaiJEaB
JL lii'.r the ptiditc tli.r. ieh is estatilishei! rOTTifijft I m W pQ iS..sj E
in Wiiiiaiustou u 'Srge and f;it e'.a.-s -jlfev ii t js h 1
Livery, Sale ar.d Exchange 3 ? HSl-1
prepared to hoard h ,r,e by tMMZ?3 Ii i "
or 1110:11;;. Having a good F !t MS" E3
ilwav,o., hand, he will sell VA f.rrM
reasonable tcnis He will I tW"!
THE FAVORITE HOME REMEDY.
This unrivalled Medicine is warranted not
to contain u single particle of MEMlKr, or
any injurious mineral substance, but is- f
containing those Southern Roots' and Herbs,
which an all-wise Providence h is placed in
countries where Liver Diseases r.iost prevail.
It will Cure all Diseases caused nv derange
ment of the Liver and Bowels.
Simmons' Liver Regulator, or Medicine,
Is iiuinently a Family Medicine ; aud by be
ins kept ready for immediate retort will save
many un lioui' of suffering aud mjuy a dollar
in time and doctors' bills.
Alter over Forty Years' trial it is atill re
ceiving the inojt unqualified testimonials to
its virtues from persons of the highest char
acters and responsibility. Eminent physi
cian commend it as the most
For Dyspepsia or Indigestion.
Armed with thia ANTIDOTE, all climates
and changes of water aud food may be faced
without fear. As a Remedy in M ALAllIOUS
FEVERS, ROWEL COMPLAINTS, REST
LESSNESS, JAUNDICE, NAUSEA,
IT HAS NO EQUAL.
It is the Cheapest, Purest and Rest Family
Medicine in the World !
Manufactured only by
J. K. ZEILIN & CO.,
MACON, GA., and PHILADELPHIA.
Price $1.00. Sold by nil Druggists.
jPiedraont Air-Line Railway.
RIC HMOND & LUNV1LLK. RICHMOND
& TANVILLE R. W.. N. C. DIVIS
ION, AND NORTH AVE ST- ,
ERN N. C. K. W.
CONDENSED TIME TABLE-
In effect on and after Thursday, Jan. 1, 1674.
j Leave Charlotte 7.00 p. m.
i -: Air-Line Jct'n, 7.15
i " Salisbury, 10.09 "
:: Greensboro' 2.1" a. m.
: Arrive at Richmond 2 :32 1: m.
! GOING SOUTH.
8 85 a.m.
8 50 "
1.15 p ii.
8 27 "
Leave Richmond, 1.43 p. m. 5 OH a. m.
" Burkvilie, 4.5S " S 2S
" Danvilla, 0 '2 " 1.03 p. M.
" (Ireensboro', 11 G a. m. 4 00 "
" Sali-bury, S.5 6 83 "
" Air-Line Jnct'n.5.22 ! S.-j-T "
Arrive at Charlotte, 6 30 " 9.(H) "
GOING EAST. GOING WEST.
L've Greensboro', V 2.00 a.m. .Arr.l2.00A m
Co. Shops, s. 3.55 " "
Raleigh, R3!U.m. S
Arr. at Goldsboro, 11.40 " L've S.OOp.m
NORTH WESTERN N. C. R. R.
Leave Greensboro' 4.40 P.M.
Arrive at Salem 6 35 P. M.
Leave Salem S.00 A. M.
Arrive at Greei.sboro' . . . lO.t'O A. M.
Passenger train leaving Raleigh at 7.40
P. M., connects at Greensboro' with the
I .Northern bound train ; making the quickest
time to all Northern cities. Price of Tick
ets same as via other routes.
1 Trains to and from points East of Greens
boro' connect at G:eensb:o' with Mail
Trains to or from points North or South.
Trains daily, both ways.
On Sundays Lynchburg Accommodation
leave Richmond at i.42 A. M-, arrive at
Burkeville 12.30 P. M., leave H'lrkfvifie 4.3-5
A. M., arrive at Richmond 7.58 A. M.
Pullman Palace Cars on all night trains
between Charlotte and Richmond, (without
For further information address
S. K. ALLEN,
Gen'l Ticket Agent,
Greensboro, N, C.
T. M. R. TALCOTT,
Engineer & Gen'l Superintendent.
THIS OLD ESTABLISHED BAKERY IS
now ready to supply the people of Tar
boro and vicinity with all kinds of
Brecid, Calces, FrenoJi and Plain
I embracing ev.;ry thing usually kept In a First
: Class Establishment of the kind,
j Thankful for the liberal patronage of the
past, the undersigned asks a continuation,
i with the promise of satisfaction.
! Private Familien can alwayi Iiave
! tbeir Culm Halted herentshort.
I est notice.
I Orders fop Parties & Balk
promptly filled. Call and examine our stock,
I next door to Fa-bmbh and Fnqurbr Office.
Nov. 4.-m JACOR WEBER.
! $5tO$20 classeof
1 either sex, young or old, mi
Agents wanted I All
working people, or
make more -money at
work for us in their spare moments, Or all the
time, than at anything else. Particulars fr. e.
Address (i. Stinaon Co.,PortUnd, Maine. It
: FEBRUARY 20, 1874
A TEMPERANCE Will LWIM)
I THE WEST.
Ohio Ladies cn a Bar Rcom. Prayer
The crus:iih of tho w ftien of
Southern Ol.io against the liquor
saloons increases in extent and im
portance, A dispatch from Cincin
nati says :
At Franklin, Warren county, the
ladies are zealously besieging; all
the waloon keepers
meetings. One of
saloon keepers has
pledge and joined
services held in his former har-room.
The same man had hired a band
last Friday and tried to give a ball,
while the ladies were in front sing
ing hymns and praying. Towards
evening the dancers went to the
dwelling of the manager and told
him they could not stand this.
They abandoned the holding cf the
ball at his house, and went to the
extreme lower end of the town to a
hall that was awiy from the prayer
At Wayuesville, Warren county,
several salooa keepers hold out, and
it is said the roughest men find it
sometimes impossible to restrain
tears as tho ladies kneel on the
flags in the cold or storm. A picket
of ladies watched the saloons on
Saturday night and immediately
Surrounded the doors when any
man tried to enter for a drink. One
of the saloon keepers has sold his
stock to an active promoter of the
crusade, and he will move West.
Deputations of ladies visit each
saloon daily. On Saturday, at f
Waynesville, the largest temperance j
meeting that has yet been held as
sembled. The enthusiasm was such
that the meeting continued for over
three hours. At one time the
packed multituded arose en masse
to testify that they would never
cease their efforts till the last
vestige of the whisky traffic is ban
ished from the town.
At London, Madison county, the
ladies are visiting the ssloons, ,
groceries and drug stores. The
druggists there have unanimously
signed the pledge. The saloon
keepers number twenty five, some
of whom are hostile and some non
committal. It ordered out of a
saloon the ladies immediately or
ganize their prayer meeting on the
sidewalk. In a temperance speech
the Rev. Mr. Finley, said: "Yes,
we will send the ladies to these
places, and if an insult is offered to
them, if a hand is laid on them, let
us see it; let them dare to touch my
wife; we will rise as one man and
enforce the laws of our country."
At McArthur, Vinton country,
the excitement is the most intense
ever known in the village. The
ladies are making the rounds of the
saloons daily, and at each one they
present the pledge to the proprietors
to quit the sale of intoxicating
liquors. One of the dealers cap
itulated closed his saloon, and
signed both the personal and
dea.ers' pledge. The remainder
of the dealers have agreed to quit
the business as soon as they can
dispose of their stock on hand,
At New Vienna, Clark county,
the incorrigible and combative
saloon keeper, J. C. Van Pelt,
defies the crusaders. He, being
kinJly disposed, brought out a beer
keg apiece for seats, and they were
arranged in the form of a semicircle
around the door. The order of
exercise was : First, prayer and
singing by the ladies; second came
a sernion'by the " Rev." Mr. Van
Pelt. This programme wes repeated
ovtr and over until darkness dis
persed the congregation. Theladies
proposed to stand guard until the
besieged surrenders. Arrangements
have been made to erect a shanty
in front of the dead wall. It is not
expected that the forty saloons will
be crushed by moral suasion alone;
the sum of $1,000 is to be raised to
carry on the legal war.
At New Lexington, Perry county,
the war is vigorously prosecuted by
about one hundred ladies and one
hundred and fifty men. Immense
temperance meetings are being
held, at which one of the speakers is
an ex-Colonel, who rehearses the
story of his downward career as a
drunkard. The praying ban! of
sisters is about seventy -five strong,
and they go their rounds every day;
but the majority of the besieged
reject their overtures and conduct
their business as best they can.
At Hillsboro, Highland county
of the nine saloons, including three
hotel bars, five ha ve closed, at least
temporarily. Of the four druggists
two have agreed to sell only on
prescription of a regular physician,
and the others claim to be regular
physicians. A saloon keeper there
named Dunn has issued posters
warning the women of Hillsboro'
not to obstruct his legitimate busi
ness. Addressing the ladies by
name, he says; " You are therefore,
hereby further notified that if such
action and trespasses are repeated I
shall apply to the laws of the State
for redress and damage for the in
juries occasioned by reason of the
practice of which 1 ccmplain. All
others aiding or encouraging you,
by means of money or otherwise, are
also notified that I shall hold them
responsible for such a 1 vice and en
couragement. The ladies of Hillsboro,' however,
have eight leaders, each command
ing a band of twenty to fortv, and
divide time regularly. If the1
saloons will not close under a
regular agreement, they purpose to
keep a permanent guard from ihis
time on until the people get ac
customed to do without saloons.
Their success so far has been"
only average. The record shows
that the consumption of liquor has
Progress of Manufacturing in the
The strides the South is making
in manufacturing, mechanical and
mining industries are so great as to
give promise soon of a lively com
petition on her part with her more
active Northern sisters in many
branches of production of which the
latter have hitherto had the mono
poly. Of some of these enterprises,
such as cotton and wool-spinning,
mining and working in metals, and
the multiplication of saw-mills, the
north has had some notice, though
a very imperfeet one, through the
last census report. Yet the latesc
reports give only the figures of
five or six years ago, and the pro
gress made during that interval has
been something marvellous to con
template, taking into consideration
the adverse circumstances and sur
roundings in the midst of which it
has been accomplished. The out
side world has seen and heard some
thing of these larger industries; but
of the new movement in the South,
which has made many of her cities
and towns the busy centree of
smaller manufacturing industries,
and cut oft considerably the outside
supply articles of common use on
plantations and in the household,
no mention has been made. For
the South has begun to diversify
her labor, bringing in her white wo
men and children, as well as her
men a new phase of Southern life,
which hitherto made man the labor-
ing oar, ana uevotea woman to
social and domestic duties alone,
wherever actual necessity did not
compel her to step out of what was
then considered her proper sphere.
important to ihe couth as the
profitable working and extension of
her cotton mills, iron foundries and
saw-mills must prove to those who
have the capital to establish
them, it may vet be doubted wheth
er, as regards the comunity at
large, whose capital is now but
small, these larger enterprises will
prove as beneficial as the develop
ment of the innumerable minor in
dustrial and mechanical enterprises
which necessity, the mother of
invention, has introduced on South-
soil. For now, throughout the
Southern States, these manufac
tories for articles in common use
are being established by individuals
or combinations of artizans .vhosc
skill and labor arc their capital, and
generally patronized by the neigh
borhood, who find the home
article infinitely cheaper than the
foreign one; so that in this way the
Southern people are growing self
supporting and are circulating their
surplus funds amori? the members
of their own communities .Ldwix
de Leon, 'in Harper s. Magazine for
No doubt every farmer desires
to be known as an intelligent and
progressi"e tiller of the soil ; but in
order to merit that appellation
there must be management. A
manufacturer who does not keep up
with the times is left high and dry,
while some youthful and intelligent
competitor catches the flood that
leads on to fortune. Ihe only way
to bring about successful results is
to endeavor to develop increased
fertility, and that increased produc
tion and increased lertility are to
he brought about by the enterpris
ing farmer exercising a liberal ex
penditure of labor and capital.
The farmer, as compared with the
merchant or manufacturer, is in a
most unviable position, and his cap
ital, scattered over his fruitful
fields, is by his successor carefully
reaped, and thus other men enter
into the sweets and rewards of his
own labor and capital. The pres
ent and future tendency of agricul
ture is, and must be still more, one
of progression and increasing de
velopment. The advance in the
price of labor, the multiplied use of
expensive machinery, the indispen
sable use of high priced fertilizers,
the increased consumption of feed
ing cakes, the higher price of cat
tle, the necessity for large increase
of capital, the increased compensa
tion in the supplies of corn and live
cattle and preserved meats, make
the science and practice of agricul
ture more than ever a difficult, but
also more than ever a progressive
one. It is not possible to retreat.
To be a successful farmer it requires
a far-seeing, hard-head, cautious,
yet resolute and courageous policy.
At the Tomb of the Lees
A correspondent, who has visited
Lexington thin writes of the Tomb
of the Lees :
I, of course visited th tomb of
Lee and the grave 'f Stonewall
Jackson. A raonrnful interest has
been added to the former by the
fact tht't his noble wife and aceom
glishd daughter now sleep beside
him henoith the chapel he built.
The v tiiit c Mit.umnjx the rem iins
of Mis3 Agnes is closed with a
block of liockbrigde gray linn stone
so (so beautifully polished that one
would take it for the finest marble),
which is capped with a block of
beautiful Italian raarble, on which
is carved the simple inscription :
" Eleanor Agnes Lee, Died Oeto
her 15th 1873."
Mrs. Lee, by her own : request,
was buried in the same vault with
The box containing his burial
case was taken out (and not the
slightest evidence of decay discov
ered), the vault was enlarged, and
the cases placed side- by side. An
arch was then fprung over the two
cases, and solid masonry (laid in
cement and covered with sand, so
as to make it perfectly fire-proof)
run up to the level of the floor, the
whole capped with beautiful marble
slabs, on which are the inscription:
' Robert Edward Lee. Rorn
January l!Uh, 1797. Died Octo
ber 12th, 1870.' And ' Mrs. Mary
Custus Lee. Rorn October 1st,
1808. Died November 5th 1873.'
The black walnut railing, with
posts capped with white marble,
and the crown and cross, anchor,
and other devic:s of immortelles,
the evergreen, hanging moss from
the far South, and fresh flowers,
with which loving hands keep the
tombs always decked, conspire to
produce a very pleasing effect. It
is very grateful to one's feelings to
find a student on guard in the ad
joining room to conduct visitors to
the tomb and into the old office of
General Lcc, which is kept just as
he left it on the day of his fatal
illness his chair near its accus
tomed place at his table (only a
little pushed back as he left his
work) the pens with which he
wrote- the half-finished letter which
he was writing his neatly-folded
papers his books carefully arrang
ed in their shelves and the pile
of ' monthly reports' over which he
laid aside the - implements of his
busy life preparatory to receiving
his fadeless crown and entering
upon his much-needed 'Rest.' Ry
the way as it is a popular impres
sion that General Lee's death was
hastened by uncongenial work at
Lexington, I will give a sentence
from a noble letter he wrote his old
lieutenant, General Ewell, but a
short time before his death. Al
luding to his college work, Gen
eral Lee wrote his old comrade-inarms
'I find my present life exceed
ingly congenial and pleasant to me,
and I have discovered, when too
late, that I have wasted the best
years of my existence.'
When Valentine's splendid sar
cophagus is finished, and other con
templated changes made in the
'Memorial Chapel,' it will be a
most fittiug monument to our grand
old chieftain, who proved himself
even greater in Peace than in War.
It will be gratifying to the public
to know that the memorial commit
tee now have on hand funds suffi-
to enaole V alentne to put
into marble that splendid creation
of his genius the figure cf Lee
asleep in his bivouac beneath the
stars, which will unquestionably
give our young artist a place fore
most in the ranks of his profes
sion. Rut they will need funds to en
able them to make necessary chang
es for the reception, putting up.
of the sarcopha-
Disraeli's Going into Power.
The triumph of tho Conseratiyes
or Tories in England will nocesitate
a readjustment of the Ministry at
the opening of Parliament. It is
not difficult to see who will hold the
reigns of government. It is the not
very singular fortune of Rriti&h
politics to have but two men who
stand head and shoulder above the
crowd Disraeli and Gladstone.
Hardly ever has the following of the
great leaders of England been so
weak. Of the Tories, the Earl of
Derby can now scarcely be counted
upon for any great strength. After
him, comes who? Can tho reader
remember without reference to book
r pamphlet? From the Liberals
take away Gladstone, and Rright,
and is not the party a body without
a head? So Disraeli will probably
come into power without a strong
following, but with one quite the
equal cf it3 opponents. 5loreover,
it is not committed to any definite pol
icy, except to deal with the chronic
1 T 1
discontent ot Ireland in a more
sootnino- manner, and to lollow a
more vigorous foreign policy
Though the Conservatives are To
ries, and may dislike some things
already accomplished, the general
policy of England at home and
abroad will be practically the same.
A Remarkable Man.
Hawcsville (Ky.) Plaindea'pr
There lives in Ohio county, near
Whitesville, Daviess county, a gen
tleman whose nam is Henry T.
Tanner, aged fifty-seven years. lie
tie .er had a bad cold, has never
voted for a Pn sident, has never
been to his county-seat (Hartford),
has not voted 1864 (though an
old citizen), and has never been to
his precinct but twice. At the age
of twenty-three years he lost, by
straying, the oniy horse he evor
owned, though he is now a well-to-do
farmer. He went to hunt his
mare, aud failed in finding her, but
fouijd a wife, and brought her homo
instead. She is twency-five years
older than he is. At the time of
mairiage her weight was 233
pounds, his 123, pounds; now he
weighs 230, and she 130. At one
time since their marriage they
weighed exactly the same viz.,
233 pounds. Mr. Tanner is a
very strong and healthy man. He
has never lost but one meal of vic
tuals from sickness. When he
built his house he carried enough
plank up a steep hill to lay the
floor of a room seventeen by nine
teen feet at two loads and had six
planks seventeen feet long left.
It is his custom to go to mill,
three or four miles distant, and
carry the corn and meal, never
using a horse, and carrying two
bushels at a time. He has raised
three thousand pounds of tobacco,
besides other crops, this year, and
a horse has never been in the field.
This the usual crop he raises in the
same manner, never using a horse.
He has never hauled any fire-wood
that he has burned, always carry
ing it. His brother Jonathan carri
ed a rock weighing seven hundred
pounds across a mill-dam, walking
a timber onlv abcut eight inches
in width. The same brother cleared
and fenced ten acres of land in one
winter, carrying all the rails seven
to fourteen rails was his load. He
and Mr. Henry Tanner wrestled
four hours (different heats) and
neither was thrown. Many other
things could be truth fully said of
this remarkable man, but we think
this is sufficient to entitle him to
the adjective. This account was
given us by Mr. Tanner himself,
and in the presence of several
citizens of Whitesville, who vouch"
ed for the most of it as the truth.
The Confederate Porces.
In the November numbers of the
Eclectic and the Land We Love,
18G9, an interesting and important
correspondence was published be
tween Dr. Joseph Jones, Secretary
of the Historical Society, and Gen
eral S. Cooper, ex Adjutant Gener
al of the Confederate States; From
that source we glean the following
facts for the benefit of those who
are not to fortunate as to have pre
served a file of the magazines.
Such facts are startling even to
those who participated in the
Southern struggle :
1. The available forces of the
Confederate army did not during
the war exceed 000,000 men.
2. The Confederate States never
had in their defence more than
200,000 men in the field at one
3. From 18G1 to 18G" the Con
federate forces actively engaged
were only 600,000.
4. The total number of deaths
during that time were 200,000.
5. Losses of prisoners counted as
total losses on account of the Uni
ted States policy of exchange, 200,
000. G. The loss of the Confederate
States army by discharge, disability
and desertion amounted to 100,
000. 7. At the close of the war the
force of the Confederate army was
less than 100,000.
8. Out ef G00,000 men 500,000
were lost to the service.
These facts are taken from cal
culations made with great care by
Dr. Joseph Jones, submitted to and
approved by General S. Cooper,
Adjutant General of the Confeder
ate arm, Mobile heyister.
Recollections of Agassiz.
It is one of the traditions among
the old belles of Cambridge that
when Agassiz came there he was
regarded as the handsomest man
they had seen. Ihe tradition does
not need much testimony ; for even
to the day of his death he was hand
some, especially when he smiled.
It was wonderful what an illumina
ting effect that smile had. His
personal attractions, geniality and
attention to little courtesies, always
made him a iavorite with the ladies.
They attended his school in large
numbers, lhere was not a great
deal of discipline there; the rule
was tnat you must speak in French,
but there was a great deal of whis
pering in English which the teacher
somehow overlooked. This worship
of the man was not confined to
Cambridge. It would be hard to
name a place in the country where
Agassiz had beeu that he was not
affectionately cannouized. On his
return from the llasalcr expedition
he could not slip quietly into the
Lowell institute to hear his friend
Tjndal lecture without being ob-
served and compelled by u perfect
thunder slcrm of appiauso to bow
again and again his recognition of
the tribute. He was a sort of pope
"Do you see that man sitting
over in that corner said intelli
gent reporter of a Roston paper t
"Well that is Agassi. ,
He was always indifferent to
money where science was concerned.
He spent it lavishly whenever ho
could get it, often lor things which
would not make show for the public,
but which were invaluable for the
pursuit of scientific truth. He was
not a business man nor a financier.
If he wanted money for his museum
he would appeal to his friends and
the public, and was sure to tret it.
Then he would spend it rapidly for
collections or improvements, confi
dent that he could get more when
he needed it.
Explorations in Palestine
The archaeologist M. Ganneau,
while at Jaffa, located the ancient
cemetary of the town, the full exam
ination of which he reserves for a
future opportunity. On the way to
Jerusalem he revisited the site
which he had previously identified
as the Riblical City of Gczer, where
he was abla to trace in part the
plan of the old city and the position
of its houses and suburbs. In
Jerusalem he has examined a num
ber of Judueo Greek sarcophagi,
with inscriptions. They were found
quite recently on the Mount of
Olives, not far from the site of
Rethany, their dates being of Chris
tian times and apparently very
early. They contain the bones of
Christian Jews, and if is startling,
says an English paper, to come upon
the names of Simon, Martha, and
Lazarus in connection with the lo
cality in which these bones wero
Our Domestic Sugar Supply.
The annual diminution ot the sugar
and molasses products of Louisiana
is a matter that concerns the whole
country. The shrinkage in the
supply for the la3t thirteen years
has been 14,000 hogsheads of su
gar and 800,000 gallons of molasses.
The war and the misgovcrnment
which have followed it are looked
upon as responsible for no small
part of this industrial retrogression,
thongh the great trouble is thought
to be with the cane, an exotic plant
which, unless occasionally renewed,
gradually deteriorates and loses its
According to the eensus of 1870
the total product of cane sugar was
87,043 hogsheads, and of cane mo
lasse 6,593,323 gallons. Of these
Lousiana produced 80,700 hogs
heads and 3,585,150 gallons.
The production of molasses from
the sorghum in Ohio alone is report"
cd to have amounted to 3,000,000
gallons, worth sixty cents a gallon.
Dr. Livingstone. The news of
his death seems to be confirmed.
Herr Rrenner, the German ex plorer
of Africa, in a letter to Dr.
Petermann, of Gotha, dated Zanzi
bar, says Livingstone died on the
15th of August. Thi3 date differs
from that of a previous report, but
all doubt has been Eft at rest by an
official dispatch received by the
Rritish Government from Zanzibar.
This dispatc'.i states circumstantial
ly that Dr. Livingstone died at
Lobisa, after crossing marshes, with
the water, at one time three hours
consecutively, above his waist.
The sufferings of his whole party
were terrible, and ten of them died
in consequence. The members of
Cameron's expedition were suffer
ing from fever and ophthalmia, but
would await the arrival of the
Doctor's remains and bring them to
Ujiji. From the latter place they
would be conveyed to Zanzibar,
where it is expected they will ar
rive next month.
Boys, Mind your Commas.
The comma, like the tongue, is a
little thing, and like it will make
good sense or nonsense, just accor
ding as it is used. Take, for in
stance, the old nursery rhyme.
With the commas misplaced, it is
so nonsensical that it needs a com
mentary to explain it:
Every lady in the land
Has twenty nails on each hand,
Five and twenty on hands and feet ;
This is true without deceit.
Alter the position of the commas
and the meaning is clear:
Every lady in the land
lias twenty nails, on each hand
Five, and twenty on hands and feet :
This is true without deceit.
An auctioneer once advertised a
lot of chairs which, he said, had
been used by school children
without backs." Youth's Compan
ion. An Irishman was once taken to
see the wonders of Niagara Fall.
He did not seem to think it tremen
dous after all. His friend asked
him "Don't you think it is a won
derful thing?" "Why is it a wonder
ful thing!" asked the Irishmen.
"Don't you sec," said his friend,
"that immense body of water roll
ing down the precipice!" Says he
"What' to hinder it!"
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