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"n7 "ALL'POWERS, NOTiEBlN DELEGATED, REMAIN WITH THE PEOPLE. "-Constitution of N. C. OLD SERIES, VOL. 50. ) NEW SERIES, VOL, 1. J JLL ' ;-w TABBORO', N. C, FRIDAY, MARCH G, 1874. Q - ' 1 O. 10. GENERAL DIRECTORY. TARBOKO'. 'Utm Alexander Me Cube. . )MM!-"10NER. .lolin Nirfl"Vt. .loTpll ( ol.ll !ld lu-itry ('. Cherry. :cr.i vt .tuTitcviH Hubert 'Vhiie!:r,i-l. '0ilM!U-l. H. II Villi. low.-i Wvtch Harry Re.lni.nul, I'.ill Hat tie an.! C(tl TV. -iupn-ior i'uu.-t Clerk ami !',ol-'lr .wify J. 'tin Nortleet. Htjit'tr ot Deeds -IS. .1. Kcech. sheriff- I'.attle Kryaii. Cannier Wm. T. Godwin T, ; -Robt. H. Anstin. Snrrr ier .Jesse Harr 11. School Ezaniiiwrs E. R. Stamps, Win. II Knisfhl aud IL H. SUaw. Keeper Vor House Win. A. Hawaii. f 'ommlssioners M. P. Ed wards. Chairman, V in. A. Dustman, N. 15. Bellamy, ami Mae M aihewson. D. J. Keeeh, Clerk. MAILS. AKIUVAL ASH DF.PARTC'U R "1" MAILS NOKTII AND. SOUTH VIA W. A W. K. K. I.oave Tarboro' (daily) at - 10 A. M. Arrive lit Tarbnro' (daily) at - - o WASHINGTON MAIL VI GREEN VI U.K. k a i . k i. a ; l a n i) s r v i : t a . I. uvc Tarbnro' (daily) at - A. M. ah -if ut Tarboru' (daily; ac - 0 1. i. Tlio i?Iit :nd the Place ol TOreliug. Concord R. A. Chapter No. 5, X. M. Law rence, Hitfh Priest, Masonic Hall, monthly . onvocaliong iirst Thursday in tv .-ry mouth at 10 o'clock A. M. Concord Lod;e No. 5S, Thomas (iallii', MiVRter, Masonic Hall.nieeu first Friday vihl xi 7 o'clock P. M. and third Saturday at 10 o'clock A. M. in every month. Repilon Eneaniimicnt No. 1". I. O. O. F., Dr. Jo. H. Baker, Chief PatrUirch, Odd Fel lows' Hall, meet every Iirst and third Thurs day of eaeh month. Edgecombe Lodge No. 50, I. O. O. F., J. II . Baker, N. (i.. Odd Fellows' Hall, meets every Tuesday night. Edeeonibe Council No. VJ,', Friends of Temperance, meet every Friday liiijlit at the OJd Fellows' Hall. Advance Lodge No. 2$, I. O. i. T., meets every Wednesday night at Odd Fellows' Hall CHI'RCIIES. Episcopal Church Services every Sunday si 10 1 13 o'clock A. M. and 5 P. M. Dr. J. b. Cheshire, Rector. Methodist Church Services every third, Sunday at 11 o'clock. Rev. C. C. Dcdson Pastor. Preshyterian Church Services second Sun day of each month at 11 o'clock A. M. and S o'clock P. M. Rev. J. V. Primrose, Evan gelist. Missionary Baptist Church Service? the '2nd Sunday in every mOLth, at 11 o'clock. Kev. T. R. Owen, Pastor. Primitive Baptist Church Services first Saturday and Sunday of each mouth at. 11 o'clock. HOTELS. Adams' Hotel, corner Main and Pitt Sts. O. F. Adams, Proprietor. Mrs. Pender's, (formerly Gregory Hotel,) .vlain Street, opposite "Enquirer" Oiliec, frs. M. Pender, Proprietress. BATIKS. Bank of New Hanover, on Main Street, next door to Mr. M. Weddell. Capt. J. D. Cnmmini;, Caeliicr. Office hours from A. M. to 3 P. M. EXPRESS. Southern Express Office, on Main Street, close every morning at8J o'clock. N. M. Lawbence, Agent. A FAMILY ARTICLE- Agents make $12.50 per day, $75 per week. AN ENTIRELY NEW SEWING MACHINE! For Domestic Use, ONLY FIVE DOLLARS With the New Patent BUTTON HOLE WOUKEHj Patented June 27th, 1S7L AWARDED THE FIRST PREMIUM AT THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE AND MARYLAND INSTITUTE FAIRS, 171. A most wonderful and elegantly construc ted Sewinfi Machine for Family Work. Com plete in all its Parts, Uses the Straight Eye Pointed Needle, Sell Threading, direct up right Positive Motion, New Tuntion. Self Feed and Cloth Gnlder. Operates by Wheel and on a Table. Light Running. Smooth and noiseless, like all good high-priced ma chines. Has Patent Check to prevent the wheel being turned the wrong way. Uses the thread direct from the spool. Makes the Elastic Lock Stitch, (finest and strongest stitch known;) firm, durable, close and rapid. Will do all kinds of work, fine and coarse, from Cambric to heavy Cloth or Leather, and uses all description of thread. This Machine is heavily constructed to pve it strength ; all the parts of each Machine being made alike by machinery, and beautifully finished and ornamented. It Is very easy to learn. Rap id, Smooth and Silent in operation. Reliable at all times, and a Practical, Scientific, Me chanical Invention, at Greatly Reduced Price. A Good, Cheap, Family Sewing Machine at last. The first and only success in producing a valuable, substantia) and reliable low priced Sewing Machine. Its extreme low price reaches all conditions. Its simplicity and strength adapts it to all capacities, while its many merits make it a universal favorite wherever used, and creates a rapid demand. IT IS ALL IT IS RECOMMENDED. I cun cheerfully and confidently recom mend its nse to those who are wanting a re ally good Sewing Machine, at a low price. Mrs. 11. B. JAMESON, Peotone, Will County, 111. Price of each Machine. "Class A." "One," (warranted for live years by special certifi cate.) with all the fixtures, and everything complete belonging to it, including Bell Threading Needle, nacked in a strong wood en box. and delivered to any part of the country, by express, free of fu. ther charges on receipt of price, only Five Dollars. Sale delivery guaranteed. With each Machine we will send, on receipt of ?1 extra, the new pat ent BUTTON HOLE WORKER, One of the most important and useful inven tions of the age. Ho simple and certain, that a child can work the finest button hole with regularity and ease. Strong and beautiful. Special Terras, and Extra Inducements to Male and Female Agents, Stoie Keepers, &c. who will establish agencies through the coun try and keep our New Macnines on Exhibi tion and Sale. County Rights given to smart agents free. Agent's complete outfit, furnish ed without any extra charge. Samples ol sewiug, descriptive circulars containing Terms, Testimonials, Engravings, &c, &e., ent free. We also supply AGRICULTURAL I M PLE M ENTS. Latest Patents and Improvements lor the Farm and Garden. Mowers, Reapers, Culti vators, Feed Cutters, Harrows, Farm Mills. Planters, Harvesters, Threshers and all arti cles needed for Farm work. Rare Seeds i large variety. All Money sent in Post Office Money Orders, Bank Drafts, or by Express, will be at onr risk, and are perfectly seen re. Sal delivery of all our goods guaranteed. "An old and responsible firm that sell the best goods at the lowest price, and can be re lied upon by our readers. tanner s Journal, Xetr York. Not Responsible for Registered Letters- Address all Orders to UUCKLAND SEWING MACHINE, Cor. Greenwich fe Cortlandt Sts., N. Y. Oct. 4, lS73.-im. TtoreTo let. rpHE STORE rdjoining that of Mr. J. II. X Bell, now occupied by Messrs. H. Mor ris & Bro. For particulars, apply to GEO. HOWARD. Jan. 18, 1874. tf MISCELLANEOUS. MM Dr. J. Walker's Calirornia Tin egar Uittei"S aro a purely Tcgetablo preparation, made chielly from the na tive herbs found on the lower ranges of the Sierra Nevada mountains of Califor nia, the medicinal properties of which aro extracted therefrom without tho uso of Alcohol. Tho question is almost daily asked, "What is tho causo of tho unparalleled success of Vinegar Bit ters!"' Our answer is, that they remove tho causo of disease, and tho patient re covers his health. They aro tho grtat blood purifier and a life-giving principle, a perfect Kcuovator and Invigorator of tho system. Never before in tho history cf " tho world has a medicine beeu compounded possessing tho reni.trkabla qualities of Vinegar Bitters in healing the 4 sick of every disease mau is ceir to. uncy aro a pentla Purpativo as well as a Tonic, rchevir.g Congestion or Inflammation of tho Liver aad Visceral Organs ia Bilious Diseases The properties of Dr. Waixeh's Yixeoa- Bitters aro Aperient. Diaphoretic, j Carminative, Nutritions, Laxative, .Diuretic, Sedative, Counter-irritant Sudorific, Altera tive, aad Anti-Bilious. U. H. MrDOSALD & CO., InippiKts ami Gen. Apts., San Francisco. California, oad cor. of Washington and Charlton Sts.. X. Y. Sold by all Druggists and Dealers. TIIE ENDLESS LEVER OR Champion House Mover i (Patented Jan. 14th 1ST;'.) 50 Per Cent. Saved by its Use. NO Farmer should be without this Machine. Only $'25.00 for a larm right and thou sands perhaps will be saved. No more tear ing down buildings or chimneys, for with machine yon can move a building, regardless of quality, chimney included, to the desired location without disturbing the inmates. Your Barns sre Badly Located. Gin houses need moving ; You fail to procure tenants because you. quarter houses are too close together. Spend $25.00 for the right and you will never regret it. It will pay you tomoveyonr houses ifouly j to gei the use of the valuable ilebrU that will j accumulate in 2 or 3 years. Cost to a farmer : to work a sett per day, 4 hands, $3.00. With j 4 hands you can carry a building 400 to bOO j yards per day,without the use ot complicated skids, rollers, windlasses, oxen and other devices generally used. One sett ot trucks will perhaps do for a neighborhood. Co.-t j per sett ? 15.00 Trucks furnished at f.-.ctory ; prices. Great advantages oUered'to buyers oi i state or corvry rights. j Al! orders for rights must be accompanied by the cash, upon the receipt of which I will , forward the permit to use or order to lactory j to furnish the required amount of tracks, j I have made. $500 per mouth using a sett of these trucks. It is a n'.re chance to active men. j Cood men wanted as agents, local and travel- ! iug. Address T. . I. RE AMY, Raleigh, N. C. j I could furnish hundreds of certificates, but j at present only refer to Judge Howard, Tar- i horo', N. C, and Mr. Chambcrlaiu, President Citizens' Bar.k, Norfolk, Va. , GEN. W. ;. LEWIS, General Asrent for Eastern N. C. Feb. 13,-tf. , HAMPDEN SIDNEY COLLEGE. THE NEXT SESSION OF THIS 8EM1 nary ol learning will commence on Thursday, Sept. 4th, 173. Hampden Sidney is situated in Prince Ed ward County, Va., within a few hundred yards of Union Theological Seminary, and I seven miles lrom armville ttie nearest ac pot of the Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio R. R The locality of the College is most healthy, and the community around distinguished fa r intelligence and piety. There is no Grammar or Preparatory School connected with the College. It re tains the curriculum and the great aim of its teachers is to secure thoroughness in the training and instruction of their pupils and thus to prepare them for professional stndies or the active duties of life. The ordinary expenses of a student exclu sive of the cost of clothing, travelling aud books, are from f 2'2." to ?'2'5 a year. For Catalogue and further information ap ply to Rev. J. M. P. ATKINSON, President Hampden Sidney College, jy -'ti-tf. Prince Edivard County, Va. Do you Suffer from Chills ? Have Them No More! TRY Will kin s hill Pills FOR SALE AT WI. HOWARD'S JDIRTjra- STORE. Read the following certihcate. Ilnixlteds of others can be seen on application : TO THE PCBLIC. This is to certify that I have, for two years past, used in my faniiiy, Dr. Watkin's Chill fills, and never Knew tnem to tail in a single instauie to cu-e Fever and Ague. They are I a most excellent and the best Pill I have ever j found. Respectfully, P. F. CARRAWAY. j Adam's Creek, Craven Co., N. C, Nov. 18th, 1S70. je 7-tf. i Livery AND Sale EXCHANGE STABLES ! THE undersigned takes plenstie in inform ing the public tha', lie has established in Williamston a large and first-class Liven, Sale and Exchange Stable, at which he is prepared to board horses by the day, week or montt'.. Having a good stock Of horses always on hand, he will sell or exchange on reasonable terms. He will also i.end passengers about the country at moderate rates. Drovers will always liul at his Stables amide accommodations. JAMES M. L. SITERSON, Williamston, N. C. P. S. Any person communicating with him can hive a conveyance sent to any part de sired. J. M. L. S. Jan. 30, 1874. ly. Mfl, COO per day. Agents everywhere. Par- WJlU 0U wanted every where. Par ticulars free. A. H. Blair & Co., St. Louis, Mo. AD V E RTJSE M E MTS yl f THE FAVORITE HOMEmBy? I - This unrivalled Medicine la warranted not to ci.nUin a single, particle of Mskcvrt, or ; any ii-jurknw imuemt substance, tn is PURELY VEGETABLE, coiUaii.ini; those Southern Root? and Herbs, which an all-wise Providence Iris placed In commies where l.ier Diseases nuvt urevail. It will Cga!rWv'iV iWrrf !er,irn;e- mcnt of tin' Lr-HAul fir.iJ - Simmons' Liver Segulator, or Medicine, Is iiu nent'y a K.i ml y Medicine ; and by be ins; kept ready for itnjBdi.Urvi' pit jU ave many an hour of suljMaK tadtuJliy a dullar in time and doctors' ills. Alter over Forty Year.-' trial it is still re ceivini: the mo-t utuiualilied testimonials to its virtues from person of the highest ciiar acters and responsibility. F.mipent phvsi ciaiie commend it as 1 li o most EFFECTUAL SPECIFIC For Dyspepsia or Indigestion. Armed with this ANTIDOTE, all climates and changes of water and food may be laced without, fear. As a Remedy in MALARIOUS FEVERS, BOWEL COMPLAINTS, REST LESSNESS, JAU N DTCE, NAUSEA, IT HAS NO EQUAL. It. is tiie Cheapest, Purest and Ueht Family j Medicine i.i the World ! f-vuiutuaelurol only ,hy i . - ' ZEILIN & CO.,; ' ' ' MACON, iA., and PHILADELPHIA. Pri(?e 1.00. Sold by all Druggists. Piedmont Air-Line Railway. RICHMOND & DANVILLE, RICHMOND & DANVILLE R. W.. N. C. DIVIS ION. AND NORTH WEST ERN N. C. II. W. CONDENSED TIME TABLE- In eilect on and after Sunday, Feb. 22, 1874. GOING NORTH. STATIONS. Mail. Express. 8.33 a.x. 8.-11 " 10.47 " 1.15 P.M. fl.27 " 8.0C " 11.02 " ' Leave Charlotte 7.00 P. t. ' Air-Line Jct'n, 7.23 " Salisbury, 10.09 ,: Greensboro' 2.1-j a. m. Danville, .1.28 " ! " Burkville, 11.40 ! Arrive at Richmond, 2.32 r. m. GOING SOUTH. STATIONS. Leave Richmond, " Burkville, " Danville, " Greensboro', '; Salisbury, Malt" Air-Line Jncfn,C.85 Arrive at Charlotte, 0.43 GOING EAST. GOING WEST. Mail. STATIONS. Mail. L've Greensboro', V 2.00 a m. Arr.l2.30A m Co. Shops, S. 3.55 " 11.05" Raleigh, . aaOAJt. S ' - i t.40 ": Arr. at Ootdsboro,! 11.40 " L've S.OOp.m 3 NORTH WESTERN N. C. R. R. (SALEM BRANCH.) Leave Greensboro' I."1) A. M. Arrive at Salem 3 25 A. M. Leave Salem 10.30 A. M. Arrive at Greensboro'.. .12.00 M. . Passenger train leaving Raleigh at 7.40 P. M., connects at Greensboro' with the Northern bound train ; making the quickest time to all Nortaern'tRies, f Price ,of Tick ets same as via itthec rvntea Trains to and from points East of Green boro' connect at Greensboro' with Mail i Trains to or from points North -or Sonthw Trains daily, both ways. j On Sundays Lynchburg Accommodation i leave Richmond at 9.42 A. M., arrive at Burkeville 12.8&P. M.I leave Bui keville 4.35 A. M.. arrive- at Richmond 7.58 A. M Pullman Palace Cars on all night trains between Charlotte and Richmond, (without change.) For further information address S. E. ALLEN, Gen'l Ticket Agent, Greensboro, N, C. T. M. R. TALCOTT, Engineer & GeuT Superintendent.- - WEBER'S BAKERY ! THIS OLD ESTABLISHED BAKERY IS now ready to supply the people of Tar boro and vicinity with all kinds of Bread, Cakes, French and Plain Candle, Nuts, Fruit, $c, fc, jfc, embracing every thing usnally kept in a First Class Establishment of the kind. Thankful for the liberal patronage of the past, the undersigned asks a continuation, with the promise of atlafocUon. i. -' Private Families can always have tlieirtakcsHaKea nere at norl cst notice. Orders Cor Parties & Baits promptly filled. Call and examine our stock, next door t o Fahmek and Enqurer Office Nov. 4.-(in JACOB WEBER. 4OlOi4)ZU classes of working people, of either sex, voung or old, make more money at wnrk for ns'in their snare moments, or. all the t c i tt n f ner dav! Aeents wanted! All time, than at anything else.' Particulars free. Address G. Stinson fc Co.,Portland, Maine. If Express. 1.48 p.m. 5.0:; a.m. 4..18 " 8.28 " 9.52 " 1.03 r, . 1.1C a. M. 4.00 " 3.50 0 33 8.55 " 9.00 " . . . nH- txqnittt-ontkttti tt. 1 j1'? y (-" J FRmif, : : : MARCH 6, 1874 Bazine's Prison ' . iVritino- from Canne?; a oorres-1 pohJent of the London Thiihf Trh fjraph says : " South of Jannea, in iront ot' the harbor, may be seen the Lerins Islands; Ste. Marguerite and St. llonorat, about two miles distant. The former, which is four miles in circumferrnco, is associa ted Jtvitft'oii if;the most interesting historical problems that have ever peplexed the world that of the Man with the Inn Mask; audit is on this island fortress that an ex-Marshal of France is now a prisoner, at present almost as strict JjluiU jealonsly watched s was the mysterious victim of "Louis XIV. The ex-Commander-in Chief" of the Army.,of ,f lie Rhine is a prisoner in -the strictest s'ense-cf the term, and no one has been allowed to see him, with the exception of Gen. D'Audel from Nice, ami the Commandant of the gendarmerie, who escorted him to the island, but has now left. I am inclined to think, from inquiries I have m ule, that lie occupies the very room in which the Man of the Iron Ma.sk languished so many years, and looks out of the window from which the unknown prisoner flung into the sea the silver plate on which he had previously scratch ed his name and history. Bazaine now contemplates Cannes, and the luxuriantlycovered hills of Cannes, backed by the splendor of the dis tant Alps. It is a lofty apartment and not nearly so uncomfortable as might be expected ; for it contains a fire-place and a large window,the latter grated, however, with three strong iron bars. The prisoner has been allowed a servant, a medical man when necessary, and a priest, for whom an altar has been erected, according to some accounts, at the end of the narrow passage from which the cell opens. These per sons, together with M. de St. Mars, Gavernor of the fortress, the pris oner's family, and Col. Yillette, are, I believe, all who will be permitted to see and converse with the ex Marshall for a long time to come. The ex-Marshal may k BtenpadngTap; ana Sown on the lit tle terrace near his room, and even that he is allowed to do only at stated hours. He has his son, a ittle boy of seven years, with him, Tind Col. vTillette, his faithful friend and companion, who, I am told, has . . . i given in nis resignation in oraer that he may remain with his former commander. Madame la Marechale is in Cannes with her other child. The fort is garrisoned by two com parties of the One Hundred and Regiment of the Line. It would be difficult, perhaps to find a more agreeable prison than the fortress of Ste. Marguerite, and I believe that every comfort consist ent with Bazaines present position is afforded him ; but at the same time the sentence which deprives him of his liberty is with all scrup tilousness carried into execution." The Number Seven in the Bible. , On the seventh day God ended lis work. On the seventh month Noah's ark touched the ground. In seven days a dove was sent. Abraham pleaded seven times for Sodom. Jacob mourned seven davs for Joseph. Jacob served seven vears for Rachel. And yet seventy years more. Jacob was pursued in a seven day's journey by Laban. A plenty ot seven years and a famine of seven years were foretold in Pharaoh s dream by seven fat and seven lean beasts and seven ears of full and seven ears of blast ed corn. On the seventh dav of the seventh month the children of Israel fasted seven days and remained seven days in their tents. Every seven days the land rest ed. Every seventh year the law was read to the people. In the destruction of Jericho, seven persons bore seven trumpets seven days. On the seventh day they surrounded the walls seven times, and at the end of the seventh round the walls fell. Solomon was seven years build ing the Temple and fasted seven days at its dedication. In the tabernacle were seven lamps. The golden candlestick had seven branches. .Naaman washed seven times in the River Jordan. Job s menu sat with him seven days and seven nights, and offered seven bullocks and seven rams tor an atonement. ' Our Saviour spoke seven times from the cross, on which he hung seven hours, and after his resurrec tion appeared seven times. In the Revelation we read of sev en, churches, seven candlesticks, even stars, seven trumpets, seven plagues, seven thunders, seven vials, seven angels, and a seven headed monster. independent. A Poet Surprised A correspondent 'ells how the Poet Laureate was recently caught " in the sr.ds " by Queen Victoria : "The queen once sent him word that she would honor him with a visit on the following iiy. The announcement was received with full loyal welcome from the poet and his household, which, be it said in all respect, lias, with all the at tractions, some of the disadvantages of the poetical atmosphere. Order does not there reign supreme in out ward thii gs. The house was, how ever, put under arms to receive the rpyftt; visit ; Tennyson arrayed him self in solemn dress-coat; Mr3. Tennyson wore an appropriate toil ette ; tin younger Tennyson were 6natchcd from mud pies, washed and dressed, and kept in bondage to the best c'othrs afternoon, while a ior tin- wnoiv deiieate repast r .1 i i of strawberries and cream and flow ers was prepared in an arbor out of doors. Jiut the day passed, and the next, and the next, and no maj esty appeared. The household drew a sigh of regret and lapsed into slippers and mud pies once more. But lo ! one morning, as the chil dren were at their favorite pastime in the garden, and the poet medita ting in his dressing-gown, and Mrs. Tennyson on domestic cares intent, a horseman dashed up to the gate, and shouted, ' The Queen !' and before Tennyson could don his coat or warn his wife, the royal carriage drew up before the house. With the instinct of a true gentleman, he went forward to greet his sovereign, called his family to him, and led her majesty into the house. Then there was an awful pause. Sud denly the poet raised his head, and looking at the queen, exclaimed, 4 Oh, woe is me ! For five days I waited, ready in suitable attire, to receive my queen. My wife was ready, and my children were wash ed and pictures to behold, and her majesty came not ; and now she has come, and found us in what a plight!' The poet groaned. The queen broke into a marry laugh, and the ice thus broken so gracefully and wittily did not form again during the visit." Cotton Mulching instead of Cnltivat- Editor Southern Cultivator: In the August number for 1872, p. 599, I suggested the mulching of cotton with leaves or straw, in place of cultivating it. In connec tion therewith I submit the follow ing experiment. A plot of land 32.8 square rods, or a little more than one fifth of an acre, was man ured imperfectly with stable manure, and planted after the ordinary manner. After coming up it was exposed to several heavy rains, be fore an opportunity occurred to mulch with pine straw. Then it was imperfectly mulched and thinned by hand. The grass ap pearing in those spots not covered, it was well mulched at a later date. It was picked on the 16th of De cember, and vielded 240 lbs. seed cotton. The plot was adjacent to a wood, on poor land and badly manured. The second application ot straw being taken from the woods and put under the hot sun, emitted a gas which injured the cotton to some extent had the straw been put on early in the season, at mospheric action would have re moved the resin, and the cotton would not have suffered. This cotton, after mulching, grew more rapidly than that beside it cultiva ted alter the ordinary manner, and made more one or two spots that were well manured cave a hand some yield. Ordinary seed were used, and neither hoe or plough was used after planting. On those spots well fertilized, the crop matured to the top; on those not well fertilized, the worm destroyed the top crop. ' Little Farmer, Florence, Texas,' asks why apple trees die on prairie lands. Perhaps the contraction of prairie lands in summer season prevent the small tree from using its small roots by destroying them, which might be obviated by plant ing in a barrel of sand sunk in the earth, or by mulching, to prevent the prairie cracking. Correspondent. Edgefield, S. C, Dec. 31, 1873, Southern Cultivator. The New York Ilcrald has now in operation an improved Bullock selffeeding press, which prints a quadruple sheet of the Herald at one impression, and needs the at tendance of three men only. The press is fed from a web, the sheet is printed on both sides and each paper is cut off from the roll. The press, it is stated, will print 20,000 papers an hour. Indian antiquity studies show : 1 That the primitive inhabitants of the Mississippi Valley were con temporary with the mammoth and mastodon. 2. That the earth mounds of the red race are fully a thousand years old, and some much older. 6. I hat the Indian occu pancy dates' back as far as the ear liest traces of man in Western Eu rope. la-i Cnilds Pocket Etiquette. 1. Always say, sir ; no sir; yes,- papa, no, thank you ; good night ; i good morning. Never say 'how' j or 'which.' i'..r wh it. Use no slang ; terms. Renu mber that good spell- ! ing, w. i i.ig and gr.uiimer are the j base ot ail true education. 1 2. (jiean clean shoes fac.'s, clean cluthes, j trait, the nose is long and decided ami clean finger nails I ly aquiline, the lips full and half . I t . XT I " . .1 , . ndit .... .A 1 'I- ! emir giiua oi ri'.,i n r. iever i eave your clothes about the room, j lave a place for every things and : every thing in its place. j j. Rap before entering & room, j eave it with your face to the cotn panv. IS ever enter :i private' room or public place with your hat on. : i. Always oner your seat to a; ady or old gentleman. Let your j companions enter tl ie carnage or room first. . At the table eat with vour Fork; situji straight, never .isr vour tooch pick, although Europeans ::o, and when leaving a-k to he excus ed. G. Never put your feet on cush ions chair or tables. Never overlook any one when reading; or writing. or talk or read i aloud when others are reauing. When conversing, listen attentively and do not interrupt or reply till the other has finished. S. Never whisper or talk aloud at churches, or other- public places, ami especially in private where any one is singing or playing the piano. V. Long coughing, hawking. yawning, sneezing or blowing is ill mannered. In every case cover your mouth with your handkerchief (which never examine nothing is more vulgar except spitting on the floor.) 10. Ireat all with respect, espec ially the poor. Be careful to injure no one's feelings by unkind re marks. Never tell tales, make faces, call names, ridicule the lame, mimic the unfortunate, or be cruel to insects, birds or animals. Martin Luther on Music. Music is a noble and divine, en dowment, and a gift that is utterly at war with the devil, and one might there with drive off many tempta tions and cogitations. For the devil Ron ho "'It- .tu uiuslu. IvIualC is one of the best of the arts. The notes quicken the text into life. borne of our nobles and scrapejacks think they could have saved my most gracious lord 3000 guilders in music. On the other hand, they would spend 30,000 to no end. Kings, princes, and lords must cherish music, for it behooveth great potentates and rulers to up hold good free arts as well as laws; for private, common people have not the means to do that, however much they may delight in them and love them. Duke George of Ilesse, and Duke Frederick of Saxony, kept singers and chantories; the Duke of Bavaria, King Ferdinand, and Kaiser Carl do so now. There fore do we read in the Bible that devout kings sustained and reward ed men singers. Music is the best cordial for a man in trouble, where with his heart may be quieted, enlivened, and refreshed again. Music I have always loved. He that is master in this art is of a good sort, and equal to anything. Music must needs be kept up in the schools. A school-master must be able to sing, else I make no account cf him. lhe young folks should be continually exercised in this art, for it makes fine, clever people of them. Whoso despiseth music, as do the fanatics (the Anabaptists and their like,) I am at odds with him. For music is a gift and en dowment that comes from God, not of man. Therefore doth it drive away the devil, and maketh the people joyful: therewith are forgot ten wrath, unchastity, pride, and other vices. Next to theology. I give music the nearest place and the highest honor, and it is to be seen how David and all the saints put their devout thoughts into verse, rhyme and song, quia pads tempore re gnat musica. Quantity of Salt in the Ocean. Everybody knows that the waters of the ocean are very salt to the taste; but how many of you have thought of the immense quantities of salts of different kinds that must be in the Atlantic and the Pacific to give a flavor to such enormous bodies of water ? Scientific men have thought about it; and one of them (Captain Maury) has told us that if all the various salts of these oceans could be separated from the water and spread out equally over the north ern half of this continent, they would form a covering one mile deep. So heavy would be this mass of salts that all the mechanical inventions of man, aided by all the steam and all the water power in the world, could not move it so much as one inch in even centuries of time. Dear me ! I'm glad Jack-inthe Pulpits are not marine plants. We'd be in pretty pickle if we were. From " Jack-in-the-Phlpit," in St. Nicholas for February . What could be sweeter than an Irish potato ? Gness. A Discovery at Pompeii. The form of another human body, which had been impressed on the ashes of Pompeii, has been pres-ei v ed in piaster of Paris. The cast is said to be extremely beautiful, one far superior to any'which have been hitherto taken. The head is a por- . .1 , open, me ears enormously laro-e. There is no mu-cular contraction indicative of a violent depth, and the whoi person, whic'? is in the pose of one who sleeps a placid sleep, shows that this tinhappv cit- izen ol Pomneii died of nsnliv y!:i. lie lies on the left side, resting the heal on the right hand, while the other arm, bent under the breast, is almost concealed ; tin; letrs arc drawn up unequally, the left more than the I'igbt, which is stretched out naturally. Around the loins was a linen covering, which concealed a small portion of the legs ; the breast w:t3 naked, without the shirt, unless there he some appearance of one under the left armpit, but the feet were naked, and these have been cast magnificently. It is worthy 'of note that this body was found at !a remarkable height, almost on the (level of the second storv, and near it were a few pieces of money in bronze and silver. Thus another interesting addition is made to the casts of human forms now in the British Museum. Simple Ornaments. A pretty mantlepicce ornament may be obtained by suspending an j acorn, by a piece of thread tied around it, within half an inch of the surface of some water contained in a vae, tumbler, or saucer, and allowing it to remain undisturbed for several weeks. It will soon burst open, and small roots will seek the water; a straight and taper ing stem, with beautiful glossy green leaves, will shoot upward, and present a very pleasing ap pearance. Chestnut trees may be grown in the same manner, but their leaves are not so beautiful as those of the oak. The water should be changed once a month, taking care to supply water of the same warmth; bits of charnal.o.7i .-i-v in prevent the water from souring. If the little leaves turn yellow, add one drop of ammonia into the utensil which holds the water, and they will renew their luxuriance. Another pretty ornament is made by wetting a sponge and sprinkling it with canary, hemp, grass and other seeds. The sponge should be refreshed with water daily so as to be kept moist. In a few days the seeds will germinate, and the sponge will soon be covered with a mass of green foliage. Large or Small Farm,. In discussing the comparative benefits and profits of large farms, we must not lose sight of the old maxim, " Little land well tilled," Thorcti cally, a large farm should be more profitable than a smaller one; but, practically, is not the reverse nearer the trnth ? The true test is the profit per acre. Do large farms yield as large a profit per acre a3 smaller ones ? Small farms give their owners opportunity of con centrating labor and manure into a more profitable form, and the owner can have a more direct over sight of his laboring force. The main argument in favor of large farms is, that the expense per acre for implements is less, and this must be conceded. It requires but little more machinery for three hundred acres than for one, and the only increase is in very inexpensive implements for working the crops. On a small farm the labor of the owner is much more available than on a larger one, though in the latter case it may be claimed that his brains are of more use than his hands. We think that many of our farmers who now own three hund red acres, would be much better off at the end of the year if their en ergies and labor had been concen trated upon one-third of the land. The manure and labor expended on thirty acres of land, would have given better crops and more profit in proportion if it had been ex pended on ten. In fact, we think this strong desire of our American farmers, as a class, to possess large areas of land, is one of the worst features of our agricultural system. The Ready Rooster. Roosters ore the pugilists among birds, and having no suitable shoulders tew strike from, they strike from the heel, When a rooster gets whipped, the hens all march oph with the other rooster, if he ain't half so big or handsum. It is pluck that wins a hen. Roosters as a class wont do enney household work; yoa kant get a rooster to pay any attenshun to a young one. Th2y spend most of their time in crowing and strutt ing about, and wunce in a while they find a worm; which they make such a great fuss over, calling their wives up from a distance, apparently to treat them, but as the hens git thare, this elegant cuss bends over and gobbles up the worm. Jist like a man for all the worldl Josh Billings, A E'.u'sl of Eloquence Western eloquence contimv s to improve. A Wisconsin reporter sends the following sketch. law yer in Mihvauke was (len'ii'iii,! ;i handsome young woman accused of stealing from a large iinocr-upicd building in the night lime, and thin he spoke in conclusion : 'Gentlemen of the jury. I am done. When gaz." with enrap tured eyes on t hi matchless beauty of this peerless virg'n, on wIiom resplendent charms suspicion never dared to breathe ; when 1 behold her radiant in the gloriou l!nom of lustrious loveliiie- which angelic sweetness might envy l ut could not eclipse ; before which lib' star on the brow of the night grows pale, and the'diamonds of Brazil are dim : and then reflect upon uttfr madness and folly ofsitrioosin-.r 'hat to much beauty would impose irself to the terrors of an c:iipty build ing in the cold damp d-ad ol" night, when innocence like hers is hiding itveif among the snowy pillows of of repose ; gentlemen of the jury my feelings are two overpowing fnr expression, and I throw her into your arms for protection against this foul charge, which tho outra geous malice of a scoundi t i has in vented to blast the fair name i f tliis lovely maiden whose smiles shall he the reward of the verdict which I know yon will give." The jury acquitted her without leaving their seats. Exchange. Physiological Properties or Caffein. The physiological ac tion of coffee should not be attribu ted to caffein, but to other principles. An injection of 0 0 cubic inches of coffee containing 0-G grain of caffein killed a rabbit in a very short time, producing acceleration of the pulse and respiratory organs, uneasiness, and finally convulsions. An injec tion ofJO-75 grain of pure caffein, however, did not produce death nor even any symptoms of sickness. An infusion of 770 grains of very hot coffee, corresponding to 6--) grains of caffein, acts upon a man far more intensely than a stronger dose of pure caffein. Headache, vertigo, trembling, and similar symptoms , i a, nuiuu iaM upvtalu Ol four hours, Coffee extract, deprived of caffein by chloroform and injected into the jugular vein of a rabbit, causes strong convulsions, but never tetanus, such as is produced by an overdose of caffein singly. T. II. P. speaking in the BiLlleal Recorder of the Presidency of Chapel Hill says : " Of all the men we know, Ex Gov. Graham would be our choice, if he were ten years younger. Dr. J. L. M. Curry, of Richmond Col lege, Va., would make a good Pres ident. In our humble judgement, we need not go out of the State to find the man for the place that man is ExGov. Z. B. Vance. If the Trustees should see fit to elect him and he will eschew politics for ever, and'accept, we are persuaded that in filling the duties of this honorable position, he can better serve his ago and country than in any other possible way." Missouri State Grange. The State Grange of Missouri has adopt ed resolutions endorsing the declara tion of principles of tho National Grange pronouncing against mon eyed monopolies and rings; demand ing retrenchment in the State and economy in the family ; inviting the co-operation of the sisters of theOrc'er; declaring that to the producing class a majority of the people belongs the power assumed by the smaller find unscrupulous class for selfish purposes ; disclaim ing political purposes, and calling on Congress to economise, renounce and purify the administration of the government. When Mr. George Whitfield was in the zenith of his popularity, Lord Clare, who knew that his influence was considerable, applied to him by letter, requesting his influence at Bristol at the ensuing general election. To this request Mr. Whitefield replied ihat in " general elections " he never interfered ; but he would earnestly exhort his lord ship to use diligence to make his '' particular calling and election sure." Scientific Remark. A lecturer on optics, in explaining the mechan ism of the organ of vision, remarked, "Let any man gaze closely into his wife's eye, and he will see himself looking so exceedingly small that" Here the lecturer's voice was drown ed by the shouts of laughter and ap plause which greeted his scientific remark. - Five out of nine of the leading business houses in Manchester, Iowa, are managed by ladies. It is suggested that the name of the town be changed to Womanchester. " Yes, my hearers," said a Wis consin minister, "little Johnny Clem skated into heaven by way of an airhole on Grass Like, and is happy now." J6 Subscribe to the Enquirer.