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to "ALL POWERS, NOT HEREIN DELEGATED, REMAIN WITH THE PEOPLE." Constitution of N. C. " "T TARBORO', N. C, FRIDAY, MAY 1, 1874. : OLD SERIES, VOL. 50. NEW SERIES, VOL. 1. ) NO. 18. GENERAL DIRECTORY. TAKBOKC. Maor Alexander MoCabe. ronaiisioimi .!'' XorHoet. Joseph C.1,1, and Henry C. Cherry. St'ReXiRT AND TBHSL'Rtn Hubert W ll iletlll ! 1 . I'visyTABLr. J. B. Hyau. low Wvtoh Harry Redmond. Hill Bult- mid Jui;'S E. Simonn. COHNTV. Superior Court Clerk and Pi abate Jtid;r John Norfleet. Register of Deeds -B. J. Keech. Sheriff Battle Bryan. Coroner ffra. T. Godwin. Treasurer lioht. H. Austin. Surveyor Jesse Harrell. S hool Examiners. E. R. Stiii:ii6, Win. II. Knight and H. H. Shaw. Keeper Poor House m. A. Dugirau. Commissioners M. P. Edwards, Chairui;u, W ni. A. Duggnn, N. B. Bellamy, and" Mac Malbswsoa. B. J. Keech, Clerk. i " " MAILS. " . ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE uK MAILS NOUTH AND SOUTH VIA W. A W. U. H. Leave Tiirboro' (daily) at - - ' A- Arrive :it Tarboro' (daily) at - - J30I.AI. WASHINGTON MAITj VIA GK EEXV1 M.E. FALKLAND AND SPA IITA. I i. 'rrhnra' (dailvl at - - 6 A.M. Arrive i Tarboro' (daily.) at i; P. M. LODE. The MRhts and tle Plee ol Jlrelliiff. Concord R. A. Chapter No. 5, X. M. Law leuce. High Priest, Masonic Hall, monthly convocations first Thursday in ev.-ry month at 10 o'clock A. M. Concord Lodge So. 58, Thomas Gailin, Master, Masonic Hall, meets first Friday night t T o'clock P. M. and third Saturday at 10 u'cloek A. M. in every month. Repiton Encampment No. 13, I. O. O. F., Dr. Jos. H. Baker, Chief Patriarch, Odd Fel lows' Hall, meets every first and third Thurs day of each month. Edgecombe Lodge No. 50, 1. O. O. F., J. H. Baker, N. G., Odd Fellows' Hall, meets every Tuesday night. Edgecombe Council No. 122, Friends of Temperance, meet every Friday night at the odd Fellows' Hall. Advance Lodge No. 28, I. O. G. T., meets every Wednesday night at Odd Fellows' Hall CIIT'RCIIES. Episcopal Church Services every Sunday tt 10 1-2 o'clock A. M. and 5 P. M. Dr. J. B. Cheshire, Rector. Methodist Church Services every third, Sunday at 11 o'clock. Rev. C. C. Dodsou Pastor. Presbyterian Church Services second Sun day of each month at 11 o'clock A. M. and b o'clock P. M. Rev. 3. W. Primrose, Evan jjelist. Missionary Baptist Church Services the Mud Sunday in every moLtb, at 11 o'clock. Rev. T. R. Owen, Pastor. Primitive Baptist Church Services first Saturday and Sunday of each month at 1 1 o'clock. HOTELS. Adams' Hotel, corner Main and Pitt Sis. O. F. Adams, Proprietor. Mrs. Pender's, (formerly Gregory Hotel,) Main Street, opposite "Enquirer" Office, Mrs. M. Pender, Proprietress. BANKS. Bank of New Hanover, on Main Street, next door to Mr. M. Weddell. Capt. J. D. Cummlng, Cashier. Office hours from V A. if. to S P. M. EXPRESS. Southern Express Office, on Main Street, closes every aiorning at8 o'clock. N. M. Lawhesce, Agent. Livery, Sale AND Mil THE undersigned takes pleasne in inform ing 'the public that he has established in Williamston a large and first-class Livery, Sale and Exchange Stable, at which he is prepared to board horses by the day, week or month. Having a good stock of horses always on hand, he will sell or exchange on reasonable terms. He will :ilso send passengers about the country at moderate rates. Drovers will always find at his Stables ample accommodations. JAMES M. L. 8ITERSON, Williamston, N. C. P. 8. Any person communicating with him ran have a conveyance sent to any part de tired. J. M. L. S. Jan. SO, 1874. . ly. Do you Suffer from Chilis ? Have Them No More ! TRY Watkln's Chill Pills FOR SALE AT WM. HOWARD'S DRTJO- STORE. Read the following certificate. Hundreds of others can be seen on application : TO THE PUBLIC. This is to certify that I have, for two years past, used in my family, Dr. Watkiu's Chill Pills, and never knew them to fail in a siuglo instance to cure Fever and Ague. They are a most excellent and the best Pill 1 have ever found. Respectfully, P. F. CARRAWAY. Adam's Creek, Craven Co., N. C, Nov. 18th, 1870. je 7-tf. OR Champion House Mover ! (Patented Jan. 14th 1873.) 50 Per Cent Saved by its Use. NO Farmer should be without this Machine. Only $35.00 for a farm right and thou sands perhaps will be saved. No more tear ing down buildings or chimneys, for with machine you can move a building, regardless of quality, chimney included, to the desired location without disturbing the inmates. Your Barns are Badly Located. Gin houses need moving; You fail to procure tenants because your quarter houses are too dose together. Spend $25.00 for the right and yon will never regret it. It will pay you to move your houses if only io get the use of the valuable debris that will accumulate in 2 or 3 years. Cost to a farmer to work a gett per day, 4 hands, $3 00. With 4 hands you can carry a building 400 to COO yards per day, without the use of complicated skids, rollers, windlasses, oxen and other devices generally used. One sett ot trucks will perhaps do for a neighborhood. Cost per sett $fi5.00 Trucks furnished at factory prices. Grcatd vantage ofieredjto buyers of STATE Olt COUNTY RIGHTS. All orders for rights must be accompanied tiy the cash, upon the receipt of which I will forward the permit to use or order to factory to furnish the required amount of trucks. 1 have made $500 per month using a sett of i hese trucks. It is a rare chance to active men. 'ood men wanted as agents, local and travel ing. Address T. J. BEAMY, Raleigh, N. C. 1 could furnish hundreds of certificates, but a present only refer to J adge Howard, Tar f'oro', N. C, and Mr. Chamberlain, President Citizens' Back, Norfolk, Va. Feb. IS, 1874. tf. MISCELLANEOUS. mm Br. J. Walker's California Yin Cgar Hitters aro a purely Vegetable preparation, mado chielly from tho ua tivo herbs found on tho lower ranges of the Sierra Nevada mountains of Califor nia, tho medicinal properties of which aro extracted therefrom without tho use of Alcohol. Tho question is almost daily asked. "What is tho cause of tho unparalleled success of Vinegar Bit TEiis?' Our answer is, that they remove tho causo of disease, and tho patient re covers his health. They aro tho great blood purifier and a life-giving principle, a perfect licuovator and Invigorator of tho system. Never before in tho history of tho world has a medicine been compounded possessing the remarkablo qualities of Yiskgab Bitters in healing the sick of every disease man is heir to. They are a gentle Purgative as well as a Tonic, relieving Congestion or Inflammation of tho Liver and Visceral Organs in Bilious Diseases The properties of Dn. Walker's YI5EGA. Bitters are Aperient. Diaphoretic, Carminative, Nutritious, Laxative, Diuretic, Sedative, Counter-Irritant Sudorific, Altera tive, and Anti-Bilious. Grateful Thousands proclaim Vin egar Bitters the most wonderful In vigorant that ever sustained th sinking Bjstem. No Person can take these Bitters according to directions, and remain long unwell, provided their bones are not de stroyed by mineral poison or other mean3, and vital organs wasted beyond repair. Bilious, Remittent and Inter mittent 1 evers, which are so preva lent in the valleys of our great rivers throughout the United States, especially those of the Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri, Illinois, Tennessee, Cumberland, Arkan sas, Red, Colorado, Brazos, Rio Grande, Pearl, Alabama, Mobile, Savannah, Ro anoke, James, and many others, with their vast tributaries, throughout our entire country during the Summer and Autumn, and remarkably so during sea sous of unusual heat and dryness, aro invariably accompanied by extensive de rangements of the stomach and liver, and other abdominal viscera. In their treatment, a purgative, exciting a pow erful influence upon these various or gans, is essentially necessary. There is no cathartic for the purpose equal to Dk. J. Walker's Vixegau Bitters, as they will speedily remove the dark eolurcd viscid matter with which tho bowels are loaded, at the same time stimulating the secretions of the liver, and generally restoring the healthy functions of the digestive, organs. Fortify tho lo:l.v against disease by purifying ail it.s liuids v. itu Vixkgar Bi'i'TKns. No cpuW'iiiic can take hold of a system thus ibre-anued. Dyspepsia or Indigestion, Head ache, rain in tin' Shoulders. Coughs, Tightness t.-f the Chest. Dizziness, Sour Eructations ol the Stomach, Bad Taste in the Month. Bilious Attacks, Palpita tation of the Heart, Iuilammation of the Lungs, Pain in the region .j' the Kid r.eys, and a hundred other painful symp toms, are the offsprings of Dyspepsia. One bottle will prove a better guarantee of its merits than a lengthy advertise ment. Scrofula, or lung's Evil, White Swellings, Ulcer.-!, Eryipe':i.- Swelled Ne:-li, Goitre, Scrofulous !n'!a:t!i:!.i:ii.:, Indolent Inflammations, Mercurial AiI'.K-tinns. Old Sores, Eruptions i f the Skia. ':" Dye-, off. In those, its in ail other ei'it:'. atioii.i! Dis eases, Walker's Vi.nkoai: l)iin:;is have shown their great curative power.-; i:i the most obstinate and ii.t.ae;a!;e m... For Inllaniiuaio; y r.na ( hrosiic Rheumatism, Gout, Bilious. Remit tent and Intermittent IV vers. I iseases of the Blood, Liver, Kidney.-: Bladder, these Bitters have no equal. Spirit Di-ases are caused by Vitiated Blood. Mechanical Diseases. Persons en gaged in Paints and Minerals, such as Plumbers, Type-setters. Gold-heaters, and Miners, as they advance in life, are subject to paralysis of the Bowels. To guard against this, take a dose of Walker's Vi.v kjar Bitters occasionally. For Skill Diseases Eruptions, Tet ter, Salt-lthnuin, Blotches, Spots, Pimples, Pustules, Boils, Carbuncle. King-worms, Scald-head, Sore Eye. Erysipelas. Itch, Scurfs, Discoloration.-: of the Skiu, Humors and Diseases of the Skin of whatever name or i..Uure, are literally dug up and carried out of the system in a" short time by the use ol" these Bitters. Pin, Tape, and other Worms, larking in the system of so many thousands, are effectually destroyed and removed. No syt-tem of medicine, no vermifuges, no an thelminitlcs will free the ystcin from worms like these Bitters. For Female Complaints, in young or old, married or single, at the dawn of wo manhood, or the tarn of life, these Tonic Bitters display so decided an influence that improvement is soon perceptible. Cleanse the Vitiated Blood when ever yon find its impurities bursting through the skin in Pimples, Eruptions, or Sores; cleanse it when you find it obstructed and sluggish in the veins; eleanse it when it is foul ;' you.- feelings will tell you when. Keep the blood pure, mid the health of the system will follow. it. ii. Mcdonald & to.. Drngjrists and Gen. Ajrti., San Francisco. California, and cor. of Washington anil Charlton Kts.. N. Y. Sold by all Iruggits and Dealers. iMrEfr SIDNEY TUE NEXT SESSION OF THIS 8 EM I nary ol learning will commence on Thursday, Sept. 4th, 1K73. Hampden Sidney is situated in Prince Ed ward County, Va., within a few hn nil red yard3 of Union Theological Seminary, and seven miles from Farmville the nearest de pot of the Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio R. K. The locality of the College is most healthy, and the community atound distinguished for intelligence and piety. There is no Grammar or Preparatory School connected with the College. It re tains the curriculum and the great aim of its teachers is to secure thoroughness in the training and Instruction of their pupils and thus to prepare them for professional studies or the active duties of life. The ordinary expenses of a student eseht sivo of the cost of clothing, travelling and books, are from $225 to S 275 a year. For Catalogue and further information ap ply to Rkv. J. M. P. ATKINSON, President Hampden Sidney College. jy26-tf. Prince Edward County, Va. ADVERTISEMENTS. 55 THE FAVORITE HOME REMEDY. . Tliis unrivalled Medicine 1a .warranted not to contain a fthigto parttoUef MfiK twr, or containing those Southern Roots and Herbs, which an all-wise Providence has placed in countries where Liver Diseases most prevail. It will Care 11 Discuses ean.sed hv derange ment of the Liver and Bowels. Simmons' Liver Regulator, or Medicine, Is imineutly a Family Medicine ; and by be ing kept ready for immediate resort will save inauy an hour of suffering and iinr.y a dollar iu time and doctors' bil!i. After over Forty Years' trial it is ttill re ceiving the most unqualified testimonials to its il l ues from persons of the highest char acters and responsibility. Eminent physi cians commend it as the most EFFECTUAL SPECIFIC For Dyspepsia or Indigestion. Armed with this ANTIDOTE, all climates and changes of water and food may be faced without fear. As aRemedv in MALARIOUS FEVERS, BOWEL COMPLAINTS, REST LESSNESS. JAUNDICE, NAUSEA. IT H S NO EQUAL. It is the Cheapest, Purest and Best Family Medicine in the World ! Manufactured only by J. H ZEILIN& CO., MACON, GA., and PHILADELPHIA. Price 1.00. Sold by all Druggists. Piedmont Air-Line Railway. EICHMOiND & DANVILLE, RICHMOND & DANVILLE R. W.. X. C. DIVIS ION, AND NORTH WEST ERN N. C. It. W. CONDENSED TIME TABLE In effect on and after Sunday, Feb. 22, 1874. rrc.:.... .... ... .-J goimTnorth. stations. Mail. Express. Leave Charlotte 7.00 p. m. 8.35 a.m. ' Air-Line Jct'n, 7.28 " 8.55 " Salisbury, 10.09 11 10.47 " ': Greensboro' -.15 a. m. 1.15 p.m. " Danville. 5.28 " 3.27 " " Burkville, 11.40 8.06 " Arrive at Richmond, 2.32 r. M. 11.02 " GOING SOUTH. STATION'S. MaiL Express. Leave Richmond, " Burkville, " Danville, " Greensboro', " Salisbury, 1.43 r. a. 4.58 " 9.52 " 1.16 a. m. 3.5C O.03 A. X. 8.28 " 1.03 p. k. 4.00 " C 33 " S.55 " 9.00 " ' Air-Line Jncfn, 6. 85 Arrive at Charlotte, 6.43 GOING EAST GOING WEST. Mail. Mail. STATIOSS. L've Greensboro', V 2.00 a.m. d. Arr.12.30A x Co. Shops, g. S.55 " 11.05" " Raleigh, o. 8.80a.m.'S - 6.40 " Ai r. at Goldsboro,! 11.40 " pjL've S.OOp.m NORTH WESTERN N. C. R- R- (SALEM BRANCH.) Leave Greensboro' '. . . . .... 1.30 A. M. Arrive at Salem 3.25 A. M. Leave Salem 10.30 A. if. Arrive at Greensboro'. .. 12.00 M. Passenger train leaving Raleigh at 7.40 P. M., connects at Greensboro' with the Northern bound train ; making the quickest time to all Northern cities. Price of Tick ets same as via other routes. Trains to and from points East of Greens boro' connect at Greensboro' with Mail Trains to or from points North or South. Trains daily, both ways. On Sundays Lynchburg Accommodation leave Richmond at 9.42 A. M.f arrive at Burkeville 12.39 P. M., leave Burkeville 4.35 A. M., arrive at Richmond 7.58 A. M. Pullman Palace Cars on ail night trains between Charlotte and Richmond, (without change.) For further information address S. E. ALLEN, Gen'l Ticket Agent, Greensboro, N. C. T. M. R. TALCOTT, Engineer & Gen'l Superintendent. TOWN PROPERTY FOR SALE OR RMT. THE residence of Mrs. M. E. Lewis, j4 with about four acres of land. Jjpjf. The house contains eight rooms. On the lot are KITCHEN, SERVANT'8 HOUSE, DAIRY, SMOKE HOUSE, GREEN HOUSE and STABLES, all in good repair. This property is VERY DESIRABLE, being situated in the pleasantcst part of the town. T The FURNITURE will be disposed of privately. Apply to M. WEDDELL & CO. Tarboro', March 13, 1874. tf. A f te sss b .S s S5 Q4 .;,-r!i .--.-1 40l(J4)ZU classes of working people, of either sex, young or old, make more moneyfat work for us in their spare moments, or all the time, than at anything else. Particulars int.-' Address a. Btinson CoPortland, Maine. ly THE ) . gy, ji i (tu4vA.-IV'vvv- i FEIDAY, MAY 1, 1874 A SLIGHT ACQmiCTAXCE. Crcssy met at sx Mitchell and John Martin little picnic party in a country vill.-ige, where she was passing a fVw weekn of the intoleni ble hot Mimmer, and he well he was reading law for the present with Esquire Morgan, the village oracle, and working about the squire's farm to pay his board. John Martin was it handson&e joung 'man, and as good as he was hand some. So said Mis. Morgan and all the ladies of the village, as also did the children, who loved him dearly for his kind acts and the cheerful words which he had for every one. The young ladies all seemed to have a great deal of regard for him, for they each and all foresaw that such a good young man must make an excellent husband; and besides, they felt assured that he would be come very rich, as well as influential; for was he not reading law with Squire Morgan, who had gained riches, and influence in the practice of his profession ? But, somehow, John had failed to appreciate the regard of any young lady until he met Cressy Mitchell, and from that time he felt that his heart was no longer his own. Cressy was a beauty, and she knew it. She doted on it. It was passing strange that she should feel willing to deprive herself of the homage of her many suitors and banish herself to a country village, even for a limited period. But she had planned on making her appear ance at the summer resort of her fashionable friends, when the season was half over, coming fresh and hearty from her country retreat, while tho belles of fashion , would hare become already worn and weary with fashionable dissipation. This was the reason of her seclu sion, and with a swift comprehend sive glance, she scanned the face and features of John Martin, in wardly rejoicing that such a hand some and agreeable young man was to be her companion during her stay in die village. - She did not have one thought that he would fail to present him self ns a candidate for her favor. She knew her power, and felt sure that John Martin's love would soon be hers. It was even as she had anticipa ted. At every picnic, pleasure excursion or party gotten up in the village, John Martin was her escort and companion, and tre the time which she had allotted herself to stay had passed, she was sure that she possessed all the love of John Martin's generous, noble heart. She had learned to love him also. His superiority over all other men with whom she had associated, forced her to yield to him the res pect which was due him, and res pect Boon ripened into a warmer feeling, which Cressy Mitchell would not acknowledge even to her own heart. The time drew near for her to take her departure from the village, and John Martin had called to say good bye. Without preliminaries, and with no words of cringing flattery such as her former suitors had invariably made use of, he told her in a straight forward, manly way, of his love for her, and asked her to sive him her hand in mar riage. f'or a time there was a severe struggle in the breast of this beauti ful creature of fashion. She loved John Martin. She knew it, and he knew it, and her better nature cried loudly for a hearing in this case. But pride and ambition whisper ed in her ear, "You must not thus fling away all your bright hopes and prospects for the future; you may form a splendid alliance; become the wife of a millionaire; wear laces and diamonds and revel in wealth and luxury; do not listen to the promptings of your heart, but let reason guide you." Thus importuned by the voice of selfish ambition, she put the one love of her heart away from her, and, turning to tho man who stood with folded arras waiting her de cision, she said : " Mr. Martin, 1 cannot afford to indulge in romantic dreams; that I love you I will not deny, but you are poor and I am not rich; con sequently each must form a more prudent alliance." He stood for a moment, as if transfixed, while the cold, worldly ideas expressed by Cressy were floating through his brain. Was this to b6 the end of the bright dream of happiness which he had so tenderly cherished t Alas, he felt that all the world must be false and cold, now that his idol had fallen, and his. beautiful Cressy, whom he had invested with all the charms and virtures of an angel, had changed into a cold, scheming worldly creature. But he recovered his self-posses sion, and extending; his hand, he snook her s warmly, and with a - gooutye, uresny, tiou bless vou on JO ana make you happy, he hurried ! away. H next day UreSiy jomed her j fashionable fri-nd at the J mi . - .. Cres&y joined sprsBgs, arnl lor the time lorgot I John Martin and his love. . x Summer passed, and winter came with ita round metropolitan pny ety. It was midwinter, and the " affair of the season " came eff at the' house of the leader of the " ton;1' none but the elite were there, of course, and indeed, they were of l.Je " exclusive " set. .-Cressy was promenading the spacious saloon, leaning upon the arm f a cavalier, hr escort sud denly paused before a tall gentle man, who stoo I leaning against a pillar viewing a gay throng with a weary air. " Misd Mitchell," he said, " I am happy to be able to present to you a valued friend of mine, who informs me that he had the honor and pleasure of a few weeks' acquaintance with you du ring the past summer." Cressy raised her eyes and met those of John Martin fixed earnests ly upon her. Her heart gave an impulsive bound, but she checked its mad pulsations and replied cold- 1 J : " Ah, yes ; I believe I did have a slight acquaintance with the gen man." Without another word she moved on, and, as the gentleman led her to a seat, he said: "Really, Miss Mitchell, yoa are a wonder of your sex." " Indeed, sir ; and why ?" " I don't believe another young lady present would have treated John Martin, the millionaire, as cooly as you did just now." " John Martin, the millionaire," she echoed. 4i Aye ; he's as rich as Choesus." "But when I knew him he was a law Btudent." " Oh, pooh ! that was one of his odd freaks ; he always feared he would be valued for his money, and not for himself." As soon as Cressy could free herself from her obsequious escort and admirer, she sought John Mar tin, and endeavored to explain her conduct : but he would give her no rA-.lv tr, An. tn. nrl nruf rl in treaJuff her as - slight ac- lg ner as " a siignt quaintance. In a few weeks he brought his bride to the city, and introduced her to his fashionable friends. She was only a simple, innocent, coun try girl, but, as the wife of John Martin, she was welcomed to the best society. And Cressy never ceased to regret that she pronounc ed Martin only 'a slight acquaints ance. A Mid-Night Scene. Bilkins heard a suspicious noise in his cellar, a few nights since at the dead hour of mid-night, He sprang out of bed, and without waiting to make his toilet, seized his gun and ran around the house to the cellar stairs. He found the door standing invitingly open and a pair of fiery -looking eyes staring at him out of the Sloomy depths of the cellar. He began to wish he wa3 back in bed where he was a few moments before, but being an economical man he thought it would never do to leave such a savage beast-as that one appeared to be prowling about his cellar. He crept into an empty kerosene oil barrel that lay there, put his gun through a bunghole, and opened fire on the disheartening brute. When he had fired half-dozen shots,he heard a splashing sound in the cellar like a stream of blood flowing from a terrible wound. This was gratifying in the extreme. He redoubled his energy, and fired fifty more shots as fast as he could load and fire. He was out of am munition now, and screaming to Mrs. Bilkins to bring him a light ; but she was up stairs lying on the floor with six bed ticks over her, and couldn't hear. When he found that he couldn't get a light he squared himself in the barrel and placed one eye to the bunghole, determined to see what was in that cellar or die in the attempt. He lay there till morning without making any furth er demonstrations, except to use a little nrofanitv occasionly, when he got an extra quantity of oil in his eyes irom tue Darrei. vnn it was light enough for him to see, he commenced reconoitering about the cellar door and discovered that the floor of the cellar was covered with cider six inches deep, with here and there an island of potatoes and turnips and the remains of six bar rels floating on the surface. The only trace he could find of the animal that so alarmed him was a small piece of a cat's tail and a few bunches of fur floating proudly on the bosom of the lake of cider. He went to his bed room and re sumed his clothing and confidently observed to his wife, at breakfast, if she said any thing about this affair he would cave her head in. Danbury Newt. Grant and Lee. The London Time, reviewing 1 1 ",! , -u'"cl "esney s essays, says : n .1 i ru i i' .l!.p .. -l . i ' i ' i eo,M.ue lor lie , most part w.th With our own. 1 he , eomuianuer ts. certain ly not a strategist of the first order, .U- . l inn in i ni" urpnr fnmmn'ririiia rv.T - w . . .. v vviviiii,ivud v. j war ne out slowly arrr e s at s uu,m i : 1... .: T . 1 . . -i . uuiiciuiiioiis. iiui 111s tenacity tie serves the highest praise ; on the field he has often shown true in- sight; and he has this quality of greatness, that he can perceive his mistakes and correct them with per-i severance and energy.. ; He seems, also, to have generally apprehended the true means of overcoming the South somewhat sooner than most of his Northern colleagues : and if he unduly lavished the blood of his men, he always commanded their respect and esteem. These charac teristics may be plainly seen throughout the course ef his ardous campaign. Like Colonel Chesney, we cannot excuse him for hi3 oper ations in the summer of 1864 ; even if we believe he yielded to Lincoln he should not have moved as he did at first on Richmond, and his mur derous and useless waste of his troops would have been fatal to him two years before. In fact his strat egy on this occasion was inferior to i that of the decried McClellan ; and Grant also wa3 all but foiled by the silkful Beauregard at Pittsburg Landing, and was months discover ing the weak points of Yicksburg. On the other hand, his attacks on Forts Henry and Donelson show real decision and force of character, his movements against both Yicks burg and Richmond were ultimately what they ought to have been, his conduct at Chattanooga was able, and he is perhaps entitled to the chief credit of the conception of Sherman's march through Georgia. We have ourselves, like Colonel Chesney, compared the American commander to Massena ; but if he has not surpassed the French mar shal in war, he is infinitely above him in all moral qualities. This determined soldier is not, however and Colonel Chesney agrees with our judgment to be compared with his greatest oppo nent, in the highest attainments of the military art ; and as Hannibal, t t.K.f.n ' ' the rorv Jnf.rior &mL th fl ry interior Ssnpio, th titmrp. of Lee eclipses Grant, though Lee succumbed to the Northern chief. Colonel Chesney's essay on the brilliant career of the renowned leader of the Virginian army is too short to do the theme justice, but it 13 very attractive and full of in terest. We have no space to notice the pleasing description he has giv en us of the private life of Lee, nor yet to comment on the public vir tues of the high-minded citizen who drew his sword reluctantly in what he thought the righful cause, and bore himself like a true patriot when reproach and disaster gather ed around him. A few words are all that we can devote to the milita ry powers of this great captain ; and they are, indeed, superfluous, for their best monument is the battle fields of the American war. It may be said, however, that Lee has a place in the foremost rank of mod ern strategists ; he possessed in the very highest degree ability for the great operations of war ; few gener als have ever, in Col. Hamley's phrase, "interpreted the theatre " with equal insight and known as well how to turn it to account ; and no one certainly since the time of Napoleon has conquered against such immense odds and has so long and fiercely disputed the prize of victory with failing resources. His combinations, indeed, bear a strik ing resemblance in many particu lars to those of the Emperor ; like him, he gained astonishing success by the well-planned use of interior lines and bold movements against divided foes; like him, he avoided the timid system of passive defence as a general rule, and seemed the assailant though on the defensive ; like him he possed a fund of resour ces in his own genius which effected wonders ; like him, too, he was swift and terrible in availing himself to the mistakes of an enemy. Thus it has happened that his campaigns have much in common with those of Napoleon, and fascinate the reader for the same reasons. They exhibit the triumph of profound in telligence, of calculation, and of j well-employed force over numbers, slowness, and disunited counsels, like those of 1796 and 1814, and his victory on the Chickahominy in 1862 and outmanoeuvring of Grant in 1864 may fitly compare with Areola or Rivoll and with the im mortal struggle on the Marne and Seine. Lee, too, has never been surpassed in the, art of winning the passionate love of his troops, and, r.s with all generals of a high order, his lieutenants looked up to him with perfect confidence, and saw in his commands a presage of victory. As an administrator, however, this great commander, Col. Chesney tells us, was not successful ; he too easily overlooked faults and was somewhat careless of such impor tant matters as the commissariat and similar departments: and, re 1 sembling Napoleon in this also, he trusted too much to the effect of strategy, and was hot sufficiently 9 VP m T IP VS 110 ,f lhiir.1 i ... .1 . . - .... v, , uv - .ii.--iiu.iin- .ii.li , Illilit tom lso nevp. t bowwJ Mf and his counsellors to his will : and though he was certainly aware that .1 . - . 1 . j - " -" .w'Vt... muuv .U1IHI11 . ..n I f, rt . I. W . -. L. 1 - . 1 Lnr 1 iiirft hi lilt- .-,1111111 nisdo rqnirfl mistakes m invading the North, iu maintaining an uselese force in the- West, md in containing the hope less defence of Richmond he never contrived to change their purpose. Yet the grave that covers Robert Lee hides the dust of one of the great men of out age, and the time has never now come when the victo rious North can think of him as of one of her foremost citizens. A Texan Claude Duval. There is a stage road between Austin and San Antonio, Texas, and there is a genuine "Claude Duval " on it. He's about twenty three years of age and is the leader of a darling gang of banditti. Lately, one night, the driver of the mail coach was surprised by a man i mounting to the box and seating ! himself by his side while the stage was rolling along at a. brisk rate. I uiwuuci yiestiur.i a pistoi anu . eriimeiit access to the (Je.hlVuuate rcejuested the driver to be quiet i archives. The result of the aiudi and drive into a convenient by way cation, if made, has not been made off the public road. This done, the I public, but the matter is under eon stage was stopped, and the passen- sideration iu Washington, gers, several ladies and gentlemen, j Instead of printing and publishing were ordered to alight and shake the Confederate archives, let Con" themselves. This was the first in- ! gress turn them over to the South timation they had of anything out j ern Historical Society. They will of the usual course. Several other i be in safe hands nnd'such portions highwaymen made their appearance of them as are neceesarv to throw in thfi BPclnrlprl snot ivhprp tho ato was stopped, and the proceeding went on without the least noise or interruption. The robbers were . . .w . very tender and gentlemanly in ; their bearing towards the passen- j gers, and particularly polite to the J ladies of the party. They wished to avoid ruffling or frightening them, tender and The band took possession of the small arms of the gentlemen, and the mail and the baggage, and let the mall coach pass without hurting a hair of anybody's head. It was a very neat, pleasant job of the kind, and gave the party food for contemplation during the remainder of the trip. DfcuB vs- nj-Bims, TTI.1. Tl J TT T,'J J lhere 13 an old bat elegant, but most expressive saying ; " W hat ie bred in the bone will come out of the flesh." Age has lent force to rather than impaired the truth of the saw. The high bred man nev er forgets what is due to others, however mindful he may be of what is due to himself ; the 7-brid, e contra, by derogation cf others would cover his own bar sinister, hoping, in a degree, to magnify himself. Time, circumstance, nor association can obliterate " flaw," which becomes the more apparent the higher the y-brid climbs the social scale. Merit alone nor coupled with riches can make the thorough gentleman ; as well under take to make hyperion out of a satyr. The truly high man tender ly regards the feelings of all and the humbler the individual the more careful is the real gentlemen of touching his sensibilities. lhere is no truer distinctive be tween the gentleman born and the novus liomo than the deportment of one and the other to those with whom fortune has not dealt so kind ly as with them. Materialism is all the go now, and materialism will destroy sentiment, polish, refine ment, and at last honor. " Money makes the mere go," but money nor place never yet convered a hy brid into a hiqJt bred. RicJtmond Whig. " The Union and the States." fFrom the late speech of J. M. Bundy. Why did not utter an archy followed the events that ims mediately preceeded and followed Mr. Lincoln s inauguration ? At Washington there was rottenness, treason, cowardice, nervelessness nd confusion. But the people the loyal people were sound. They had, in each State, a.govern- ment that was true and that was their own. It was a government that fulfilled all the domestic pur poses cf a government. Undr its protection, by the aid of its ma chinery, through legal methods and with out revolutionary process es they could live in peace and security and could organize and send out armies for the salvation of the Union. The States were long established realities. They were something more than mere parts of the Union. They were the solid pillows on which the Union rested. They saved the Union. Now, let us saved the Staces ! About as complete a swindle a3 favorable to physical development, is now practiced is that of the Louis- In other words it is to be under ville Public Library Lottery, The j 3tood that, although a pupil is recent draw ing ought to convince 1 capable of reasonable understanding any one mat sucn institutions were invented for the express purpose of demonstrating tne aaage that " a fool and his money soon part." The Library itself is a mere sham compared to what it should be judg ing from the vast profits realized by the lottery. Exchange. The Conledtrate Archives j Savannah AdvertiM r-!l-ui!:-:i! j I'p.H! t!C villi. f:.n r 1' i'u Jolllison's :ilil, :i ti lV (,! ... ;,! hie poriinn rf !( '(', ii;f, arfhivf-. ( ivil ni'Mtmv, :is into t!,i jiosscssN.-t, ,J :,-' i- 1 i' was carried u, W.-i-liiiurt :i ;i!ih whfiv iYof. imi.l-i ; ii,iru.iin i..i.i. 11 .... 411 X VI '1 1 1.1.1 I 1 . ! 1 - 1, 1 Mr. Lincoln wu. Ivlil' 1 1 Leiber funnel v hT ( nu o i was placed n.ui-v- ni iiit:;n- (-".inept.-: ;;111 ;t bureau was organoid which was styled the Hurra n e-f 'i-i.lV.K-i ate Archives. The l-Y-iei;.! la ment has guanK-.l aithivt-s with a watchfulness M,!y cfu;illcd by that of the far fniimd ('.-il.eii! carefully excluding nil Ymf. ! ates from access to tin hiiMing where thisc treasures nr.- .iejnt.-;i( This wonderful vigils,..-, ,i:t,U.l with the fart that tlto govoi-Mncm, has 111 yli .1 .". r.t .! I paid a very hign j i ice for sundry Confederate papei value, has create. of litile u- no the Misi.ii'nii that many of the nio.-i important documents relating to ti:c- war. ?n both sides, have 1 noen destroyed. Sometime since tl Southern His- torical Society appointed a mittee to ask of tho com rov ngu, uu me iatu struiiie win ue certain find their way to the public. it is due to the world that the Southern side of the late war both in its civil and military aspect, should be male public, and there are pens, ready for the work. But men cannot write full and correct histories without duto ,1,,. ments. Memory is a powerful thing, and a useful adjunct to the historian, but it will not do for the basis of work, when facts and re cords can be easily made available. The Southern member of congress may do their constituents and them selves a service by giving prompt attention to this important matter. Dreaming. In dreams, we have no true per ception of the lapse of time. The relations of space, as well as time, are annihilated, so that while ah St most an eternity is compressed into a moment, infinite space is travers ed more swiftly than 'by real thought There are numerous illustrations of this principle on record. A gen-, tleman dreamed that he had enlis ted as a soldier, deserted his regi ment, was apprehended, carried back, condemned to be shot, and at last led out for execution. After the usual preparations a gun was fired ; he awoke with the report ; and found that a noise in the next room had at the same moment produced the dream and awakened him. Another gentleman dreamed that he crossed the Atlantic and spent a fortnight in America. In embarking on his return, he fell into the sea, and awaking in hia fright, he found that he had not been asleep ten minutes. Wooden Shoes. European agricultural society are interested in the manufacture of wooden shoes, which aro said to possess many advantages over leath er, as it is shown that many diseases resulting in impaired constitutions, and even in the loss of life, have resulted from wearing leather shoes in wet weather. A practical work man from France has been called recently to Germany to superintend the'r manufacture. They arc light and easy to wear, and provided with a small cushion within the upper side to obviate any pressure on that part of the foot. They arc of a neat, pleasant appearance, blacken ed or varnished, large enough to accommodate comfortable stockings, and provided with leather straps. Their price3 range from twenty-four to thirty-six cents, and a very few pairs would last a lifetime. When Children Should BrGix School. In a paper on the sanitary aspects of primary education, read recently by Dr. R. J. Sullivan, before the New York Academy of Medicine, an important suggestion j occurs in reference to the earliest age at which a pupil should be admited in our schools. He con tends that seven years is a min imum age, not because mental exertion would be injurious to I healthy intellectual growth, but ! because school life under its present ! hygienic surroundings is very un- : anei aiimuea amount oi intellectual ' development prior to the seventh year, sucn education shomd be given it out of school and without the usual restraint. A fact that renders Dr. Sullivan's views valua ble is that he was for several years medical inspector of public schools.