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VOLCANO WEEKLY LEDGER.
VOV.UMNE 1.1 lie lloUcmo lUcckln Ctbgcr, rraLtMiw evkbt mmnur, nr SPRIICER* DUNCERFIKLD. t. grßi>o«B. *. n. umMmu. | Tor xxx a i e advance s.'« 00 i Month* 3 00 jwo Mouths, 2 00 Advertising. Square nf 12 lines. first insertion, tS -each (scrißtrtt liimtlMi. $1 40. fir- A libera! deduction ou the above rates will m;ule for <|narterly and yearly advert isctmls. I.KGAL ADV KKTISKMKSTS li !«• inserted at the following rate*; - Two Pfff k I„ r square for the tied insertion, and One i>ol ja r square for each subsequent insertion. JOB PRINTING. IV,. are prepared to do Job Printing of rvr. y ilr in a style superior to airy other office in , Southern Mines, and at a« fair rates. For the l^d%cr. THE VOLCANO BABIES! BT R A KOTO ivm., a. 8. Lord Uless the liable*! Lot them come! There’s room enough, no danger— I Tho’ not » day should pa** away Without It# little stronger. And bless onr healthy mo ntnin air Where children have no ailing;— Who laugh us soon ns they are born, Hut never think of wailing. And stars be thanked, that nine in ten Of all our little comers, 1 Are gids—not l>oy»—uud soon our streets Shall throng with little bloomers! And tho’ Uh true, wo have but few Who're old i uough to spark yet, We still may hope to have ere long A plenty for our market | Then haste to w omanhood, rev liahea! God speed you on yonr journey! We only wish we had lw-en born 1 iks you in “Californy.” Here water, air, and enhl are pare. And every thing Is hutno 1 A nd search the world, where will yon find A city like Volcanol Conte then, my Imls-e! Improve your chance! You'll never Itavr another. Who knows I sit each of yon may yet Grow ml Ur than her mother T • • • • • We all were bubies once, my friends—• A doling mother's Imny 1— And gazed into her eyes with love More true than after, may be. We all have crowed to meet the kiss Of purest love maternal ; And from that sacred life have drawn The needful meal diurnnl. Our brows, how oft were they liaptizod, A mother's tears the fountain, A* tremblingly her low-breathed hopes lieseiged God’ - holt mountain I Wt-U ; years have passed ; and Italics still come, As come they will forever ; But he, onr mother's baby owe— I* lie her joy as ever! Lorenzo Dow is still rorncinboml by line ol the 11 old fogies” h.m one of the most tcentric men that ever lived. On one oeca- Dii lie took the liberty, while preaching, to “flounce a rich man in the eoranninity, re nt ly deceased. The ruilt was an arrest, a, ial for slander, am) an imprisonment in the unity jail. After Lorenzogot out of limbo, “ announced that, in spite of his (in his >inion) unjust punishment, he should preach a given time, a sermon about “another ( ’h man.” The populace was greatly excited, id a crowded house greeted Ids appearance. AV itb great solemnity he o|>ened the Bible, 4.11 read, “And there was a rich man who d and went to then stopping short, nd seeming to lie suddenly impressed, he rmtinned ; “ Brethren, 1 shall not mention m place the ricti man went to. for fear he as some relatives in this congregation who II sue me for defamation of character.” ic effect on the assembled multitude was ir • ixtible, mid he made the impression jienna ' at by taking another text, and never allu ug to the subject again. T or Dead Wife.—The dear bead tlmt laid jion your bosom, rests in the still darkness lon a pillow of clay. The hands that have iblistered so untiringly, are folded, white and ol« , beneath the gloomy portal. The heart 's>«e every beat measured nu eternity of ive, lies under your feet. The flowers she* ent over with love, bend now above her in nrs, shaking the dew from their petals that c verdure around her may be kept green and 1 autifol. Tlie art of living easily as to money, is to ,tch your scale of living one degree below our means. Comfort and enjoyment are lore dependant U|»on easiness in the detail of xjienditore than upon one degree s difference I the scale. The principal of an academy, in his dvertisement, mentioned his female assistant, nd “the reputation for teaching which she a-arsbut the priuter (careless fellow) left nt the ” which,” so the advertisement went curth, commending the lady's “ rcpututkiu for caching tkt ho> rt f “ Always be prepared for death,” was xduionition of a Missouri elder, as be pla it his son’s belt two Bowie-knives and a V»f revolvers. From hnllou 9 Pictorial. Jealousy and Patriotism. A LICEND OF TIIK CHARTER OAK OF COKNECT ICCT. It was near the clow of a beautiful Octo ber dnf, in the year Ifiafi, that n yonng man approached the town of Hartford, in Con necticut, by the rood loading from New Ha ven. At that time, the valley of the Con necticut wax densely wooded, affording, at that golden season of the year, every variety of tint that nature can display. The maple was gorgeously beautiful; the chestnuts were of a deep yellow ; other species of trees had put ou a motley livery, and the elms that bordered the highway were clothed in foliage of varied hues, from a lively green to the deepest orange, nil mingling, by the nicest gradations of shades, like the prismatic col ors. As he entered the main street, " the western waves of ebbing day” poured a flood of glistening light u]iou the diamond parted casements in the eastern fronts of the houses; while beyond was the broad Connecticut, sparkling like a mirror. Tbe overhanging nreh was of a lovely azure; studded here and there with fleecy cloud* ; while high in zenith was the silver moon only awaiting the retreat of her eclipsing orb to shed a more chaste light njion n lovelyy scene. The young man was a fine s|>ecimon of the sturdy colonist Of those days. Horn in Deer field, his infant sluuiliers had often been dis turbed by the preparations of his father for defence, when the war-whoop of the savage resounded through the forests. The rifle was familiar to him in boyhood, and although he now carried on a farm at Middletown, he had not entirely relinquished his fondness for for est g|)ort£. We have said that he was young, but his cleetric black eye, compressed lip, and gallant horsemanship, showed that Evernrd Waltham could both think and act for him self and was, therefore, well qualified to rep resent his townsmen in the General Assem bly, then in session. Entering the main street, even then a licau tiful avenue, Evernrd Waltham rode slowly along, occasionally bowing to some acquain tance, or s|)enking to one of the lads who were driving home the cows, kept at nearly every house, and mingling their shrill cries with the musical tinkle of the liells. At last, however, his gaze encountered a couple, which drew a half-suppressed oath from his pouting li|<s. Applying the spur to his horse, the high-mettled animal sprang to the other side of the road, and he tints had a good pre tence for neglecting to salute them, lu a few ntomci ti more he had reached the famed hostelrie near the site of the present State House, and dismounting, threw his bridle to a negro hostler. “Ahl” exclaimed an elderly gentleman, who was pacing the porch, with a pipe in his month, “ the member from Middletown hns arrived just in time to see the sport.” “Jl matters not,” replied Waltham, with a frown, for be thoght the allusion was aimed at the couple he had met. Herhaps, that we may start more fairly, we should explain who that couple were. The gentleman was Lieutenant Collin, a pert coxcomb, who has been sent from the Massachusetts Hay, u few weeks previous, in command of a detachment of Royal Fusi leers, destined as a bodyguard for the new Governor. Insufferably haughty, he kept aloof from every one, until, by chance, he met Henrietta Morley, with whom he had be come so intimate that, on the evening in ques tion, he had invited her to take a social ram ble. And Henrietta—how can wc describe her? Tall and gracefully formed, she was not what an artist would eall strictly beaut’ - ful, but the absence of classical features is often more than compensated for by that sparkling vivacity which clothes the plainest countenance with radiant beauty. Her eyes were of a light bine, a profusion of golden locks shading her dear ml and white com plexion, and a pleasant smile ever lingered about her young lips. Passions always leave their wrinkles early in life, hut over such fa ces as that of Henrietta Morley, years pass ed like the flight of a dove, the surface look ing softer from the touch of its wing. Add to this the fart that she was his affianced bride, and you will not wonder that Evcrard Wal tham regarded her with jealous interest. But his tavern friend never divined what prompted his reply, and said, in a sharp voice, “It does mutter, though. Do you, a pledged republican, intend to let this scarlet-* coated popinjay to carry off this coveted prize !” “ Not I and ms he spoke, Everurd’s right hand instinctively clutched at the hill of his heavy sword—it was one that his father had used valiantly iu the cavalry of Cromwell. “ That’s the spirit I Why fear the light steel of the king’s minion, vv hen there is such n precious charge at stake? Rather apply the torch, and leave him but e heap of ashes for his prey.” “ Wbut I” exclaimed Evernrd. “ Why, that would lie borrowing from the Iroquois.” “ I care uot ; bat 1 would rather hear the skin crackle in the flames than see it profaned by his head.'' “No, no! He can, perhaps, make her liapy,” replied Evcrard, in a choked tone of voice, os the couple approached, apparently in earnest conversation. “ Happy 1” repeated the old man, gazing after Everard with a doubting expression. “Is the young man sane ! Surely 1 do not see what happiness the royal governor can confer ou a parchment charter !” and puffing resolutely at his pi|>e, he continued to |ierum buiute the porch “ Fool that i was, to trust a woman’s vow!” said Everard to himself, ns he bolted the door of his chtunhcr, to which he had retired.— “ Here this maiden has entwined her charms around ray heart, and now a stranger usurps VOLCANO, AMADOR COUNTY, CAL., SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 3, 1855. my privileges, merely, forsooth, l>ecausc hn I wears a scarlet eont, ami is, perchnnce, like a ) otato—(he better portion of him beneath the ground, in the graves of his ancestors." Ami sitting moodily clown, he brooded long over his faithless fair one. At length the bell rang nine, and Kverard, alien the last stroke had died into silence, event out. The round moon was floating in the heavens, and the shadows of the many gabled houses lay darkly upon the foot-ways, save w here the clear beams stole through the garden sjiaces, cheeking the Is-aten paths with the mosaic light and diode of tlie intervening trees. All was quiet, for in those clays pco |Jc retired early, to rise with the sun, and Kverard met no om- as his steps insensibly led him to the residence of Henrietta. Morlcy. The notes of the whUi-jioor-will, and an uv casional hoot from some wandering bird of wisdom, or the busy limn of nocturnal insects, alone broke upon his ear. Hut calm os was the night, it failed to soothe the excited feelings of Kverard, and when he approacbed the home of her who had thus won his love to trail it in the dust, he w ituessed a scene that gave a demoniacal ex pression to his features. The door of Mr. Morley’shouse was open, and on the threshold with u candle in her hand, that illuminated her lovely features, stood Henrietta. Nor was she alone. Standing on the door-stone, and thus with buck toward the street, was a man, wrapped ••• a long cloak, with whom Henrietta was earnestly conversing. Kverard : felt an electric thrill of rage convulse his frame, for he had not the least doubt as to (he man’s identity, ami with flashing eyes he clenched the sword hilt. At last the inter view was ended, and the stranger walked rep idly away ; hut Kverard followed, his checks ashy pale, and his li|»s savagely compressed together. Ho would obtain satisfaction, or the man who had thus stepped In-tween him self and happiness should die like a dog. Hut the nnknown evidently heard pursuing foot stc|>s. and quickened his own into a run. Kv erard followed, but when opposite the " Wy lis Mansion, ’’ he lost sight of the object of his pursuit. The great oak stood clearly de veloped above bis head, and the beautiful riv er, u short distance beyond, was plainly dia ccrnable through the openings of the trees, yet there was no sign of any human In-in-r After waiting some time, he slow ly retraced his steps to the tavern, where, in agitated slf tubers, he dreamed of Henrietta and his more favored rival. When Kverard arose in the morniug, he found the town in an uproar, and learned, for the first time, that Sir Kdmund Andros wu expeeted to nrrirefrom Hoston. In vain had the colony plcnd its chartered rights to the king — he had determined to sulkluc the per vesse I'tirilaiice, and had given frail power to Ids representative. These had already been executed in Massachusetts and in Hh-tde is land, which hod been despoiled of their char ters, and Andros wus now ou his way to Hart ford, to abolish nil vestiges of republicanism. I’riuting presses were to be subject to his cen sors ; Kpiscojiacy was to lie sustained, and every officer, both civil ami military was to to hi- of his own apjiointraent. Toe people felt almost disposed to resist, and all was con fusion. A omit noon, the clear notes of the trum pet came floating in the air from the direction of Windsor, and soon the troops quartered in Hartford marched in that direction, to join the expected procession. The streets were crowded, nnd there were few residing within fifty miles distance who were not that day in Hartford. At length the roll of the drum wus heard, ..mlsoon the detachment of Royal Fusileera came in sight, their ranks extending clear across the street, and the matches of their firelocks alight. They were commanded by young Coffin, who appeared in a new scarlet uniform, richly laced with gold, and carried his bright halbert with a haughty air. Then, glittering with a jewelled order of knight hood, came Sir Edmund Andros, who is de scribed as erect and soldierlike, followed by his council, those bitter foes of New England, The malignant Randolph' the renegade Dud ley, and the profane Hullivaut, rode scornful ly along, followed by another detachment of tusileers, equally ready fur attack as were their comrades iu the van. They waited hut the word to deluge the town with blood, and thus enforce the edict of their vice regal mas ter. Tile scene that ensued in the Hull of As sembly is one of the most sacred (rages of America’s history. All the afternoon did gallant old Governor Treat (dead that Con necticut might keep her charter—the guar antee of her rights, which hod lieen purchased by so much blood uud treasure, poured out in the wilderness. Hut it was of no avail, ami ns the shades of 6veuing darkened the hall, candles w ere lighted. Sir Kdmund Auhros rose to conclude the session, ami at his bidding, the secretary of state Itayi laid a long box, containing the precious parchment, on the table before him. All nt once, ns if by concert, the caudles were suddenly extinguished, and some slight confusion ensued among the spectators— a light was brought, and the candles were re lighted -lo! the charter had disup(>eared! “ Run to T.imitvuaut Coffin,” shouted Kd mund Andros to the usher, “and tell him to let no man pass.” The official hastened to the outer door, but the officer was uot to be found, and after some delay, ho so reported to Sir Edmund. “ What! The officer of my guard absent. Can it Ik.* possible that he is conniving at this foul rohltery? A hundred poumls reward for (he apprehension of tlie traitor!” “ May it please your excellency,” said one of the few royalists iu Hertford, “I do not think that the young let uv is the one to j blame. ll<■ has been otptivalcU by Good man Morley’a daughter, and 1 saw him not long since, escorting her from hence to her home! ” “ Confusion! ” muttered, Everard, who had lost all interest in the great question, so hurled were his thoughts under a load of grief. Upturning to his hotel, lie found a pressing invitation to go that evening to the house of William Wadsworth, itpou .impor tant business, it bore the sign of an asso ciation of “ liberty men,” or he should have disregarded it, and he went merely in com plinnee with ids secret obligation. The meeting was well attended, and when they were all -eated around a hospitable board, Kverard learned, rather to his sur prise, that the royal charter had been alistrac ed in accordance U> a preconcerted plan, and by their host. “ But where is iu " “ Where I took shelter Inst night, when a jealous mortal pursued me,” said Mr. Wads worth, laughing. Ere Evernrd could recover his astonishment, he continued: “ After all, gentlemen, I did not feel certain of success, until Henrietta Morley informed me, late last night, that she had so far Parried out our plan as to have obtained a promise from her pompous admirer that if she visited the As sembly Hall he should escort her home. This rendered armed resistance out of the ques tion, as the royal troops would not have fired without orders from their own officers. So 1 will give yon the young lady's health as our most efficient alley, although the advent of u favored lover made it ft difficult task for her to entrap that glittering fop, ami at the game time 1 will propose the long existence of the old hollow oak before the * Wylys mansion, 1 the best of hiding place*, from a pursuer or fot « charter. I»ng may they exist.” Ere an hour had elajised, Evernrd Wal tham had sought and obtained forgiveness; nay, be even made the fair Henrietta uumc the wedding-day. “ You have dune yonr ■dmre of the work, dearest,” said he “ami I do not like to ex pose you to the facinuting qualities of royal oflicers.” “Jealous man,” she replied, “I suppose that when I am your wife you will look me up when you leave home.” “ indeed I may—and where is there a bet ter place than in the Charter Oak?” The Cmu» os- the Ukoimrnt. — Hie Sev enth Regiment of New York State Militia, of the city of New York, some years since adopted the only child of an officer of the regiment, who died while serving as Adju tant. This child is now- quite a young lady, and is receiving her education under the care of the officers of the seventh, the entire regi ment eontrihnting to her support. Ballou’s Pictorial thus speaks of her upjieorance among her protectors; On the 22d of last April, the regiment was called together for its annual exhibition at the city arsenal. A large number of ladies graced the occasion which was destined to lie one of more than ordinary interest. The drill exhibited the admirable proficiency of Colonel Duryee’s commaud. We have our selves seen a portion of this regiment under arms, and to us their drill appeared positive perfection, if it can lie surpassed, we have yet to leam how, and by whom. Their align ment, their dress, their manual, their march ing and firing, are deserving of tin- highest praise. Th<* parade of this regiment is al ways an event, in their native city, accustom ed as it is to military displays. After the exercises of the regiment were over on the occasion above referred to, the eorjis were formed in a hollow square, to the centre of which the colonel led forward the adopted daughter of the regiment, and with a few appropriate and feeling remarks, intro duced her to her protectors. She is a beau tiful child of thirteen, with graceful and en gaging manners. Her appearance was hailed by the regiment w ith expression of the most heartfelt pleasure, and she was introduced by the colonel to, and shook hands with every man in the command, and all of them wished her health, hup]Miiess and long life. The lathes present could not retain their joyful tears of sympathy. At the conclusion of the presentation, flic child was conducted to the centre of the hollow square, the colom 1 kissed his protrgre, ami amid the long roll of drums and the waving of ladies’ handkerchiefs the interesting ceremony ended. Dueovsav or Japa.v by Echoceans. —The first allusion to Urn existence of Ja|»an by any European writer is contained iu the Ori ental Travel* of Marco Polo, written at alsiut the close of the thirteenth century, while th« author was detained as a prisoner of war at Genoa. He resided for seventeen years (from 1216 to 1:11)2) at, the court of Kubli Khan, who ruled for above thirty years over the most extensive empire iu the history of the world. Marco Polo described the expedition of this Emperor against Japan, and attempts to gloss over its mlure with romantic and improbable incidents.— With the exception of his brief account, nothing wits heard in Eurojie of Japan until nearly the middle of the sixteenth century. About the year 11*2, it was visited l»y the Portuguese in the pursuit of commerce, wlm discovered much “gold, silver, and other riches therein.” Soon after, the Catholic mis sionaries, under the direction of the celebra ted \ovier, penetrated the islands, and for many years labored amidioosly for the propa gation of their faith. The prevailing religion of Japan, as iu the whole of central and I south-eastern Asia, was the Buddhist. Fools memn actions after they are done by the event; wise men beforehand, by the rule* of reason and right. The forme* look to the end to judge of the act. Let me look to the act, and leave the end to Qod. Front the San h'raneueo HrralJ Crniee of the Steamer John Hancock. Interesting TMtnlt of the Surrey—The Inh h itanltof Jetso. or Jnpnnrsr S'hires—Mine of bituminout Coni on the Conti of Kampt trhalkn The Newly ilxw.ortrtrl Passrge fr< e\ the Gulf of Sagh/ilirn to the Gulf of Turin ry, Tli' 1 T*. 8. steamer John Hancock, Lieu tenant commanding Henry K. Steven*, railed from Hakodudi on the 29th June, ftnd com pictod the survey of the Straits of Sangar, which she had commenced some lime previous. These Straits, which separate tlie Japanese Islands of Jesso and Niphon, re<|Mired a care ful survey no chart existing worthy of the name, ami the work, was important, as the Straits will he the thoroughfare for a Shanghai line of steamers, the great circle to this port passing through them. The survey was enre f-iliy and accurately made, and together with the recoilnoisances of the eastern coast of Niphon hy the Vincennes’ launch, and of the western coast hy the schooner Fennirnore Cooper, leave hardly anything to lie desired by the navigator. From the Straits the Han cock proceeded along the western coast of Jcsso, making a careful survey and leaving no portion undone. The work ended at the Straits of la J’erouse, and a reconnoieance of this passage would have been made, had not dense fogs prevented it, a great evil almost constantly prevailing during the summer months. The whale ship Franklin, of New Bedford, was here spoken. The Island of Jesso, or Matsinai, is under Japanese domin iqp, the aborigines being Kuriles, who are really though not nominally in a state of slavery, being made to work for their mas ters for a hare subsistence. The whole popu lation is on the sea coast. Fish is their chief article of food. The Japanese have small settlements along the coast, from where im mense quantities of salmon and other fish are sent to the cities of Niphon. Wood and water was procured in abundance at several places, but the Japanese officers nlino-f in every case positively refused to receive pay ment; to a merchant ship they would proba bly endeavor to refuse supplies, or at any rate pretend that they could not be got. mi les* decision was shown and a display of force. Such is the policy of these singular jxiople, notwithstanding the treaty. From the Straits of La Peronse, the Han cock creased the Sea of Oehotsk to the wes tern coast of Kamtschatka, lighting it in about the latitude of Bolcheretsk, and (oust ing along on to the Hulf of Penjiri-k, nearly as far as t'»o° north In this Half on the the eastern shore, in u’tout 00° 18' north, and longitude lfil° 41' east, the Hancock procured about forty-live tons of coal from some veins, the existence of which had been reported hy the American whaler Splendid, The veins were from two to three feet thick and came down to the water's edge, and could I»c easily worked. There Is a small native villiagc near hy, but they are KaiusehatdaJcs, and wretchedly poor. The tide rises ami fails about thirty six feet, rendering the approach in boats to the coast difficult at low water. The coal is bituminous ami not well adopted to the Hancock’s boilers (which are tubular,) but is capital of its kind, and would lie excellent iu any other care. The Hancock next crossed over to the northern shores of the sea of Ochotak, and spent some days in the survey of the Gulf of Taonlsk, a great resort for whalers. Two or three small settlements lie on its northern shore, where bullocks can be obtained as well as turnips, milk, berries, but ter and salmon, iu the greatest profusion — The steamer then sailed south sighting Jonas island, and from thence to Avan. Tin latter place, a small Russian Fur Company's settlement, was deserted on account of the visit of the Allies. 'Hie people, however, expected to return for the winter. From thence the Hancock passed on to the Slnui tar Islands, a groat whaling ground. It was intended to survey this locality Completely, hut the season was fast drawing to a close, and a capital Kasdan chart lately made was obtained at Ayan, and therefore the Com mander deemed it sufficient to test.the work and fix the latitudes and longitudes. The steamer then entered the Gulf of Saghalien, anchoring at the mouth of the imssage be tween tin* Island of .Saghalien and the maiu. Here reliable information, from Russian offi cers, was obtained as to the geography of the neighborhood, and all doubts settled as to the existence of a (aiK-age into the Gulf of Tar tary. The river A moor, the great artery of Northern Asia, empties into a spacious gulf formed hy the Island of Saghalien and the iimine. The shore#contract at the northern and southern parts, forming passages about fifteen miles wkle, through which the waters escajie by the north into the Sea of tJcbol.sk, and by the south into tho Gulf of Tartary. Both passages are intricate, and in some places only two fathoms at low water. The rise and fall is about six feet. Nearly the whole of the gulf between is filled up with banks, through which tortuous channels run from the outlets to the mouth of the rivor, and one connecting them in the eastern part and miming not far from the Island of Sag halien. The Russians have collected at a settlement some sixty miles up tin* riv cr, and are said to have several thousand troops there. Here they have succeeded iu getting their small squadron, iu which are two large frigates. This squadron, in Jane, bad collected iu Oastric’s Bay, at the head of tho Gulf of Tartary, and Were there discovered by a de tachment of the British wiuadrou, who deem ed it prudent not to attack them until n rein forcement was sent for, and they in Hako dndi, should arrive. The Admiral also wish ed to wait for a French division, we inppoae out of courtesy, as the force was sufficient without them The Russians had com [ NUMBER >. maml of the entrance, which is narrow, and the Hornet, n steam sloop, stood in to recon noitre, and fired a shell, which was retained by a Russian sloop-of-war, the Oliventrn, the crews cheering on both sides. The English shij)B blockade*! the port for some days, but were blown off in a (pile, and when they re turned the Russians had gone I—where, they km w not. The English returned to Hako datli, annoyed at the escape of the enemies, and w ondering how they got away, not su|>- posing, we presume, that a jawsage existed into the A moor above Carrie's Ray, or that the Kasdans could ret their ships through. They did, however, and frigates punned through without trouble, where, in many maps, dry land is placed. They are now snugly moored in deep water in their river, anti do not at nil fear the approach of any force. They are well aware of the great difficulties in rettimr ships up the channels, and are convinced that a force could lie destroyed by tlieir numerous gun boats during the fogs and while their enemies vessels were aground, v> bich they in evitably would lie. The Allies went around to the northern entrance, but must have found it impractica ble, as they did not push on. While in this vicinity, the Rumen brig tlreta was captured, with the remainder of the Russian frigate Diana's crew, who bad been wrecked near Simoda last winter. The Hancock sailed from the (inlf of Knghclien on the 16th of September, and made the passage to this place in thirty-three days. Her cruise im.s been an ordnous on» and very frying to every one on hoard, especially as the vessel is in bad condition, from leaks and want of strength. It may be readily imagined that after a season of much arduous duty, the crew of the Hancock were highly delighted upon ■ making the lights of San Francisco Heads, giving a prospect of much needed rest. The cruis*. has resulted entirely auccessful, a vast deal of knowledge has lice a gained relating I to the geography of the region visited, and much information flint will facilitate the nav igation of the North Pacific. Horrors or m Yellow Fever. —A let ter from Norfolk received at Petersburg!!, Virginia, gives the following chapter of hor rors:— *'l saw at the Potter’s Field (so (Treat is the difficulty to obtaining grave-diggers,) a pit uiioui 16 to 20 feet square in w l i«4i w«-» buried tbe bodies >( lit victims, piled one npon another, ami covered over with dirt ami lime, funning one huge und monstrous mound. Many have I ■; n interred without boxes or coffins, or anything else, save the blanket upon which they died. Several of onr wealthiest ci i<.ens have Iweu buried in rough square boxes, and the graves dng by their friends. In one instance, I heard of a father dig ding the graves of his two only laughters; ami as many as nineteen to twenty liodies have been lying on the -round at the Cem etery waiting their turn for interment tvs soon us the holes were dug. for in many instances they were not more than 2J feet deep. Business is entirely snqicmtai, and stores all closed. You cannot obtain u pound of sugar or a piece of soup. The rich as well as the iKXir are dependent tt|>on the Howard Association, who Imve established a provis ion store, and who dispeuce food and pro visions to the needy with a bountiful hand. A' cry W. Williams, the nineteenth mero ber of the Williams family that lias fallen in the prevailing epidemic, died on Monday, »t Portsmouth. J>r, Whitehead, actin'* Mavoj of Dorfolk, was at the Into,, ,wtc very ill.” The Island of Moutserat, in the West In. dies, had Irish colonists for its ancient settlers, ami the negroes, to this day, have the Irish language ' uric indy and ludicrously engrafted on the Afrutin Jargon. A few immigrants, fresh from the green sod, arrived there some years ago, ami were much astonished to hear themselves hail'd in the vernacular by a ne gro from one of the first boats that came alongside. “ How long have you been here ?’’ exclaimed Pat* “ riix months,’' »us wired (Jinisby. 11 Six muilhs! anti so black already? By ray sowl! then Put not going to stay amotigst yc.” And in n short lime Pat was on his way liaek, with a white skin, to the Emerald isle. First Ideas.—The process of the mind in the acquisition of ideas is precisely the reverse of thet which l/iKke assigns. All our first ideas are complex, and for the evident reason that a great number of our faculties cuter into exercise at the same time; and their rim ultatieous action gives us a number of ideas, bound and blended together, w inch form a whole. They arc complex for another reason; because they are i>artieulnr ami concrete.— Then corns abstraction, which, employing itself on those primitive data, complex, con crete and particular, sejiaraUn what nature had given you united and simultaneous, and considers by itself each of these, parts of the whole. Caui'okxu Wheat. —A sample of wheat was shown its ou ’Change, to day taken from a shipment of twenty thousand bushels, re cently received from California, ami offered for sale iu the New York market. It was white wheat, of beautiful texture, superior quality, and in excellent condition. This is reversing the order of things, as some year* ago, immense quantities of Hour were sbipfied from our ports to ban Francisco. Now, out brethren'of the goldee region exhibit strong practical indications that, in case of «iu*l ot famine, thgy would not allow us to suffer for want of brtwUtnff- — Baltimore Patrot.