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THE HYDRAULIC PRESS, Is Published every Saturday, By AVERY & WATERS. B. P. AVBRT, TB. W. WATER*. on Main Streeopposite the Smla Firtorg, Nkrth Stn Juts, Nevada Co., Cal Terms. Tear .in *5 00 | '&im Months 3 OO \\retsionVu... ; 8 00 Copiet.:.:. .85 All papers will be stopped at the end of the term paid, nnless renewed by the subscriber. Advortisius. of twelve lines, one insertion 03 00 *)tack sabse>inontinsertion .1 50 Vdverkisemonta of a personal nature, doable the above 'rate*. •A liberal dcdnctlon made to regular monthly and quar terly advertisers. Advertisements may be changed ■once a month without extra Charge. '49*AH advertising most be paid for in Advance. «Tob Printing. We have in connection with the Newspaper, a «Tol> ‘Ofllet, complete in all its departments, an 1 capable of 'executing every description of Job Work with neatness Accuracy and dispatch, upon the most reasonable terms. 49-.VO WORK DELIVERED UNTIL PAID FOR PROFESSIONAL CARDS. R. H. FARQUHAR, TU3TICE OF THE PEACE,BRIDGEPORT r fj Township. Office, next door to Weiss’ Billiard Sa- Huon, Main street, San Joan. 1 tt J. B. JOHNSON, “fDSTtCE OF THE PEACE, OFFICE. IN MJ Jndge Stidgur's Law Office, Main street, North Jhhti. Itf O. P. STIDGER, Attorney at law, notary Rublic and Conveyancer. Office on the north side of Main >treot, one door west of Seawell & Son’s store, opposite •the Pioneer. FORTH SAN JUA2*. , Nov. 13, 1857. ' 1 1m Wm. F. AM DERSOY, Attorney and CownselAot- at taw, < OrnC*...lu Alban's Brick Building. corner of Broad and Pine streets, Nevada. 213 m tonrer msuekith ~ .thomas p. hawitt MEREDITH A HAWLEY, Attorneys at Law, NEVADA CITY. C\L. 15 3m 'OM. W. TANT 1 DAVID BEUIEN BELHEY &. IA\T. A T T'O R.V E Y S AT LA W, particular attention given to prr-dtrrlne D. S. lamd War rants for persons by Militarybervice entitled to the same, i 4, second story of Alban's Brick Building, Corner Broad and Pine stprtrts. NEVADA. 21 ’ITA-VTOV BVCKNER S3.|. C. WILSON HILL. BECKYEH & HILL, HAVING associated themlei res together in the practice of the Law, wiK a! ten t promptly to all tmsincss confided to their care in Nevada and adjoinin; ton n ties. Orrice—ln Kelsey's Brick Budding, Commercial ■Street, Nevada. Api*il 8,1858. 21 Sm -b. ». M’CON!Tn.U . A.C sh.es McCOMELL & lILES, Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, \fill practice in all the Courts of the 11th Judicial Dis trict, and in the Supreme Court. OPtlCE—Kidd's Brick Building, up stairs. 21 Sra G. W. NOBLE. PHYSICIAJST AJVD SURGE GEE dAct, Sfrfn steeet. nearly opposite the Drug .Store. 15cy B. S. OE.DS, M. £>., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON--OFFICE, at Moore's Hotel, Moore’s Plat. 4tf BUSINESS CARDS. B. LEVISON, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in THE BEST HAVANA AND AMERICAN CIGARS AND TOBACCO, Cutlery, Stationery, and FANCY GOODS All of which will be sold at iitv prices, for cash. Main street, opposite Flume street, North San Juan J. W. SULLIVAN’S •GREAT PACIFIC EMPORIUM, AND Central Agency of Periodical Literature, AND SOLI! sfiENT FOR “THE CALIFORNIA TRUE DELTA” KJdifomxa Bouton Journal , Missouri Republican, Cin cinnati! Commercial, -V. I". Courier des EtaU Unis, Nen York Herald, Tribune and Times. •Ac., At., Ac. WASHINOTON STBIET, NEXT TO TflE TOST OFFICE, San Francisco. ECKMAN, TENNENT & CO., WHOLESALE DEALERS IN PROVISIONS, LIQUORS, MUSTERS’ TOOLS , CLOTHING, BOOTS, SHOES, FLOUR, GRAIN, Sfc. Cornier First and Commercial its., MARYSVILLE, Bare constantly on hand a large and well selected oboceriesT provisions Aleo every variety of CASS GOODS, Cnmprtoine a complete assortment well adapted to the ’TRADE, which they offer for sale at lowest market •S. Orders from the Interior will be l«majptly and faithfully executed, . LADIES SHOES. CHOICE lot of Ladies gaiters, slippers, ai , for sale by A. SPERLING. To Miners. „ are prepared furnish any articles not usual ly kept in the stores in this place.at TWO PATS HOTICE i such as Anvils. Blocks, Ropes, relieve. Iloee, and every article wanted. * ’ PACK A GOLEV- THE HYDRAULIC PRESS. SALOONS & LIQUOR STORES. BILLIARDS, 2r» CTS. A GAME! San Juan Exchange C. SCHARDIN &. CO., HAVING purchased the interest, of John Woods in the above San Juan Exchange,and I made large additions and improvements, the Saloon now compares favorably with any in the Mountains. Three Billiard Tables, In first-rate order—two of them new Marble Beds and equal to any in the State. The wood bed is the fa vorite of the place. It is the intention of the proprietor to use every exer tion to make the Exchange the favorite resort of all seekers of healthy pleasurable exercise. THEBAR will be furnished with the very best WIXES AND LIQUORS To be had in the San Francisco Market, and no pains will be spared to make everything pleasant and attrac tive. 10 Liquors at Wholesale and Retail. A. D. LABASSEE*S Bank Exchange* CORNER OF MAIN AND FLUME STREETS, NORTH SAN JUAN. This splendid Saloon having been recent ly re-fitted in the most elegant style, is now open for the accommodation of the pnblic. The subscribers Will be happy at all times to meet their friends and the public gener ally, and by strict attention to business, are confident of making the BANK EXCHANGE the most desirable place of resort in the mountains. THE BAR will at all times be supplied with the best Liquors, Wines, Ale and Porter, ahd CIGARS that the market affords. A. I). LABASSE &CO. ®3r*iVincß and Liqhorsfor Medicinal purpo ses, equal to any in the State, and superior to uuy Drug store articles in the mountains. *SjO A choice lot of California Wines, now of. hand. A. D. L. April Ist, 1858. 20mytf Largest Stock in the Mountains. Pioneer Liquor Store. WHOLESALE and RETAIL. OPPOSITE FR ■ NK SMITH’S TIN SHOP, MAIN STrKKT. de- THE subscriber having refitted and refurnished the above store, is now prepared with a large and complete stock of Wines, Liqiuora, Ale and Porter of the best quality, and at as *. Low Prictt, W-7(o?eSirf • UHa-4. at Vten i ** .. «. >■.... v AJt- All Orders promptly attended to, a ,;d livered free of chains. . CALIFORNIA WINE, OREGON CIDER, and a v»rl.l r of choice beverages, always on band and for sale by the case, bottle or glass. The Pioneer Liquor Store is one of the oldest estab lishments of the kind in this vicinity, and the proprie tor expects by close attention to business, to create for it an increased popularity. I). KRAFT. North Sun Joan, April 2d, 1858. 20mytf Hurrah for Sweetland lew Saloon. AD. LARASSEE, of the Bank Excbafigf • Sart Jntm having taken the large new hnihlini at .'sweetland. opposite Dan rials’ old store, is entirel refitting it. and will op' n. during the week,a first clas DfiINSAINC* SALOON, for th i.-c.oTumo.'. ition of gentlemen in that ricinitj lie will always keep on band U» BF- ! OF LIQUORS AND CIGAuR. -■ ' . par Otii mev : att.-mlant to mix v vim';- Fancy Drinks to order I; jm ncMve of the public is respectfully solicited. Sweetland, July 16, 1858. ’ 35my C. E. UEi.FRICH, Soda Water Manufacturer, (TfT\ DEALER IX FINE BRANDIES, Wines. Ale. Porter &c. fe jS3»t4 Brandies, of the following brands: Old Sazerac, OtSrd, Jbles, Robin & Co., United Tine yards. Martellc, CUampaigne, Otard, Ac., 4c. Philadelphia and Holland Gin, Old Tom, Santa Cmz and Jamaica Bum. Monongahela, Bourbon. Irish and Scotch Whiskey: Ileidsick, Schreidor ami Morizotte Champa! gnn; Port, Sherry, Ginger. Hock. Sauteme Claret Wipes. Assorted Case Liquors, and SYRUPS. Ills extensive stock is now complete in every depart ment, and will be offered at the most Reasonable Prices. Safi Jftaa North, Nov. 17, 1857. [1 3m] C. SCHAPtDIN & CO., Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Wines, Liquors, Cigars and Tobacco. Also— a general assortment of FRESH AND DRIED FRUITS, And Confectionery. This cool and delicions beverage is kept on band i ring the siinimt. iimuiim SOUTH SIDE OF MA N STREE Forth San Juan, For. 17,1857. El Dorado Saloon* D street, Marysville, BILLIARDS!' BILLIARDS!! 2S cents a Game! BUST OF WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGAR: 28 3m ROGER KtELY, Prop LIQUOR STORE. THOMAS .CALLIGAN, . ...Wholesale Dealer in...* Wines & Liquors* High st., bet. First *nd Second, MARYSVILLE. * HAVING opened a wholesale and retail Wine and Liquor Store, as abovq, he begs to inform his friend, snd the pnblic that he will keep constantly on band articles of the best quality. 27*. , NORTH SAN JUAN, NEVADA CO., CAL., SATURDAY, AUG. 21. 1858. Poet ry. J#s“The following lines, by Wa. Witter, ore copied cm the Boston Transcript :— There hangs a star in the western sky— Merrily blows the wind by night! It twinkles and glows ike an ange ’seye. And the sky is blue and the snow is white— And merrily blows the wind by night! ’Tie the star of Love that T gaze on there— Merrily blows the wind by night! And it speaks to my heart of the good and fair That forever and ever have left my sight: Ah I drearily sobs the wind by night! Some in the grave-yard lie asleep— Merrily blows the wind by night! Over them snows are drifted deep, Cold as their bones, and pure and white— But merri y blows the wind by night! And some there are whose haughty hearts Are frozen hard with shame and sin: No tone of music e'er departs, No ray of sunlight enters in: Cold like the snow, lint not so white— While merrily blows the wind by night 1 And one there is whose gentle eyes Seem yet to thrill me from afar; Whose memory in my bosom lies As the pure ight of that cold star, Phe loved me once—but woman is light, Changeful and false as the snow so white — And merrily blows the wind by night! This life of ours is wi d unrest, And light and shadow and joy anil woe; And then the sod is over us prest. And merrily on the winds do blow. And the self-same stars that shine to-night Will shine on our graves when we are gone, Ahd the snow will cover ns, tranquil and white, AVhile the musical winds blow merrily on. For the sky is blue and the snow is white— And merrily blows the wind by night! Shine on. thon beautiful star, shine on. In thy brilliant beauty, bold ami bright I For the world in darkness waits the dawn— And merri y blows the Wind by night! Let hearts grow co d that once wore glad, And eyes, obce bright, grow dim and sad, And cheeks turn pale, and slow decay And fever waste our forms away; Yet, in thy radiant home above, Shine on—and hear us talk of lovel Shine on o'er all the ghastly sight. And hark to the wind that sings by night— To the jolly old wind that sings by night! For the sky is blue and the snow is white— And merrilj- blows the wind by night! [ Original.] LOG CABIN INKLINGS. No. I. Night—once more night; and af ter another day delving in the soil for gold, I eit smoking nay friendly, constant pipe b 4 the log cabin door. The pines art* sounding their an cient anthem wl|ere they stand upon thv its j^ugh, .% breast bchiiM u»y lonely dwell- JPg f in the cohohig canon theptu^fr? ~> rr ■'"■"nyi j| x p the pines wilh'Jiftcr my^taxmtig. The Hiyri» f ' crickets nog their plaintive music tjc-vrigb t..>. -/avr. air; lull throated sop ids fha dore;*jjQrn plaiuiug notes, t id solemnly the owl cries oat, tu-whji ! tu-wbo ! The night air* robs with sound,and toy heart beats a ,diWy each second’s requiem as I lisjfn. ——— Heaven stnilcs upon no fairer land than this, desp’to its social ills, and day after day for many years I have comforted my soul with its beauties. Each lonely night for years I have looked forth into the starry abyss from this rude hut, or gazed into the dan cing flames shaping themselves to hu man likenesses and picturing the past that may not live again. Let me not speak of that. If the past robs us of many joys, it also buries in its final oblivion much that is better not to be ; and it is a sickly sentiment that would summon its ghostly memories to darken the sunshine of the present. Retrospection, when not tinctured by feeble lamentations, but only soft ened by a natural regret for what was good, may be a healthy mental employment, for it can make ua mas ters of wisdom. How much better it is for me, that I can sit here, alone, but for the company of my own free soul which has her secret guests, and Calmly think on what I used to feel! If the flight of years brings quiet and clear insight to the mind that knew them not before, —if we can look down upon our buried joys and find our grief for them is also dead— if we can do this, and yet look toward the future with a cheerful gaze, fear ing no foe, not even death—what need we covet more ? One troop of elfin hopes, that danced along the pathway of ray early years, is buried now, or van ished into nothingness with the dream that inspired them. Another dream—the dream of wealth, has also fled—thank God for that I All the enchantment it threw around sordidness has been dissipated by experience. The poetry of gold hunting—what a monstrous idea ! has fallen from tho thing it covered, like the silver veil of the impostor prophet, and I can now see the mean est passion of mankind in all its de formity, and hate it, too. Henceforth, whilst still pursuing the only avocation my own folly has left me, I would sometimes work in other mines ; would try to touch some chord of sympathy in other breasts, to send one beating heart to rest with better thoughts. Deeds, earnest deeds are best, but earnest words may have a power too. I shall attempt nothing ambitious— nothing forced or labored. A pleasant book—something beau tiful in nature, where all is beautiful —a stray waif of song, rude but sin cere—-recollections of the past, per haps, and yearnings of the ever pres ent;—these shall be my themes, with whatever else future whim may sug gest, or future emotion call up. The mental labor necessary to the execution of this unmethodical plan, will be a source of relaxation and im provement, both of which I need. The son of toil suffers mentally as well as physically, when deprived of all occupation for his leisure moments —not many, alas! ’Tis well, me* thinks, for man to be compelled to work, yet it were better if he could find more time to think. There is more to be extracted from the soil than means for subsistence. Poets have sighed for a life in which labor and intellectual recreation might be happily blended ; as Cowper says : “ Hint robust, tough sinews, bred to toil, “ Servile employ : but such as may amuse, “ Not tire, demanding rather ski 1 than force.” Such a life—spent with nature, as Cowley always desired, would be de lightful after one had overcome the constitutional habits produced by se vere muscular exertion; but such a life can not be mine. is ray aim to forget “Business, that contradiction of my fate,” when not actually employed in it; at the end of the day to ignore all that is sordid, and indulge, as circumstan ces may permit, in whatever is refined ■and elevating*, >i.t may seem too egotistic, th;s note rr i-va with wsffp hut Tis an egotism l|beva: I sfa ■ r>- tions, wrest die vate } loneliness would or it could we not i) feelings, irbially said to be onfided to another i have the habit of >us emotions and reflections which employ our silent souls, if their tendency should prove corroding it will be neutralized by expression. But I am not selfish, I speak for sympathy. It is the nature of a noble joy To be unselfish. Oft the swelling heart Some portion of its gladness would impart. If language such as tuneful bards employ, Without the dross of common place alloy, Obedient from the teeming brain would start. The eyes may speak a volume; they may dart Their lightning glances—sccretest convoy For am'rous messages, yet not conv.iy The thoughts that thicken in the struggling soul, Bom of some lofty mood or lovely day. These, to be fell, must hare their silence broken, Must leave the 'imits of one mind's control And bo in fitting language fitly spoken. I can say of this habit of literary expression, with all humility, as Cole ridge said of poetry, that it has been to me its own exceeding great reward; it has soothed my afflictions; it has multiplied and refined my enjoyments; it has endeared solitude; and it has given me the habit of wishing to dis cover the good and the beautiful in all that meets and surrounds me.” Goethe says—“ Cultivate the beau tifuJ, the useful will cultivate itself.” The useful certainly more constantly and efficiently recommends itself for cultivation to our utilitarian natures, than the beau.iful, which has to be t con to our hearts, though abounding everywhere else. Heaven grant that “the almighty dollar,” as Irving has it, may never grow into such magni tude before my vision as to shut out perception of the beautiful. The grave, says Irving, buries ev ery error-—covers every defeat—ex* linguistics every resentment. From its peaceful bosom springs none but fond regrets and tender recollections* Who can look down even upon the grave of an enemy, and not feel a compunctious throb, that he should have warred with the poor handful of earth that lies mouldering bofore him? J. W. Scobey is now the editor of the Placer Press* Educate the Idiot. Under this title the N'. T. Tribune gives an interesting sketch of the no ble efforts which have been made du ring this century to alleviate the con dition of the insane and idiotic. Wo give the best portion of the article in question, but our readers will find a touching account of Guggenbuhl’s first labors for the wretched Cretins, in the February number of the At lantic Monthly: It is in the by-tv aVs and not the highways of history, in the paths aside from the military roads over which historians generally delight to conduct the stately march of their events, with blocks and gibbets and racks and fagots at easy intervals to diversify the scene, that we have learned to see that the race has made some progress and has gone forward, and set up here and there a monu ment to record it. Perhaps there is no better sign of a real advancement in civilization in modern over ancient times than that displayed in the differ ent treatment the most unfortunate of human beings receive now from what they did once, and that not long ago. T • 7 • i O O It is comparatively hut lately that systematic and scientific efforts have been made toward mitigating the lot of those to whom or rather human sins and errors, had denied the blessing of reason or of the special senses. Three "quarters of a century ago, insane persons were the objects of su perstitioos terror, and were treated with the! cruelty wlgicb naturally springs fear in vulgar minds.— And insanity was regarled by persons even of pore than average intelli gence, a lundred yeav since, as the evidence of demoniacal possession.— It is clear,from Cowogga cosrespond v unhappy poet an-: :irs.jUfiwin, Whose name >.s In* as long as bfe ■" > * -v J oil o IS of lon, the hard* Ifl&ded ol|| fi’aVc*-*ratal* turned par son, beliewd th«i hil madness was .caused fwfeir«ct di%S®icalagency.— Straw, and darkness, and chains, and whips, were the chief Iremedies then imagined Is fit for a toiod diseased. The only (bought seeped to be to put these occasions of terror where they could do no mischief. Cure was scarcely • thought of |s a possibility, except by a snj>erna:fral operation of Divine power. Bedlam was One of the sights of Loudon, and the private madhouses were' the scenes of the most horrid barbarities. Dr. Charles Cotton, whose minor proems are still admitted into the collections, was the first person in England we remember who undertook the treatmentof luna tics on humane and philosophical principles, about a century ago. It was Cowper’s good fortune to fall in to the benevolent hands of this wise and good roan, to whom he owed his partial restoration, and we all owe his delightful poems and incomparable letters. Afterward Dr. Willis, bro’t before the public by his connection with King George lll.’s madness, drew general attention to the possibil ity of an improved treatment of tl||s fearful disease-. This humane appli cation of science received a great impulse in France at the lime of the French Revolution, and much of its present advanced state is owing to the wise humanity of the French physi cians. It was not until after the insane had received the blessings of science thus informed by benevolence, that the blind, the deaf and dnmb and the idiotic wt-re sought out and comforted. They were left, formerly, as a gener al thing, helpless and hopeloss bur dens on the charity of friends or on the world. The idea of making these unfortunates happy in themselves,and useful to others, is one of compara tively recent conception, and yet abundant provision has been long made for the wants and the improvement of the two former classes. The idiotic were left last of all, hopeless victims to their wretched fate, of which hap pily they were the least conscious of the three. It is but about ten years since any systematic effort was made in their behalf in this country, and but little more than twice that time since the labors Seguing NUMBER I. Saegert, and other science philan thropists, were directed in Europe to this field of benevolence. The atten tion of the public wa« first called to this subject hero, we believe, by # Dr. Samuel G. Howe, whose life has £ecn a continued service of humanity and freedom, who procured a small appro priation from the Legislature of Mas sachusetts and began an experiment on a small scale at the Blind Asylum, of whkh he is the Superintendent. From this, a permanent establishment has grown, though not on so large a scale, nor with the advantages of po sition, that might be desired and ex pected from the wealth and intelli gent benevolence of the Bay State. The next public attempt in this direc tion, and by much the most consider able made in this country, was that c this State, commenced in Troy an now permanently established in Sy racuse. The liberality with w : this charity has been promoted • y on: law-makers at Albany is by no m? the least creditable of their cor ■ ' characteristics. Dr, 11. B. V um.n the Superintendent, has concck idea of a movement of tuis kind : the same time that Dr. Howe L: his endeavors, and he commence ] experiments in a private way ai Be Massachusetts. His success k his selection as the Superintendent our State institution, which his ski; - and happy labors have fully jastih Beautiful Imaginings.—A r ‘cent traveler gives an account t when he was walking on tho bear • of Brazil, he overtook a colored \v man with a tray on her head. Bein. asked what she had to soli, ska Jftjv ered tho tray, and with reverent ten derness uncovered it. It was the lifeless form of her babe, covered with a new white robe, with a garland around the head, and flowers within the little hands that lay upon its bo som. “Is that your child?” asked the traveler. “It was mine a few days ago,” she replied; “but the Madonna has it for her angel now.” a “How beautifully you have laid it out,” said he. “Ah!” she added cheerfully/* what is that to the bright wings she wears in Heaven?” The Noblbbi Duty.— No advo cate oan assume a nobler duty than the defense of the poor man’s rights. The honest laborer at his toil deserves all that careful and liberal legislation can bestow; he deserves infinitely more than the rich man, for there is, notwithstanding general equality, a power in wealth that will guard and protect its possessors without the aid of tho legislation which is necessary for others. It is certain that tho most protection granted to those in laborious pursuits, will produco the most prosperity and happiness. — Si err a Citizen. A bright and beautiful bird is Hope. It will come to us amid the darkness, and sing the sweetest songs when our spirits are saddest; and when the lone soul is weary, and longs to pass away, it warbles its sunniest notes and tightens the slender fibres of our hearts that grief has been wearing away. The good man’s heart is tn ; soil from which springs every beauti ful and loving thing. He is oheerfu and gay. He wears the coronrl < spring, composed of every beauty a , every hue. These spring from h childlike simplicity and innoeeuc He is benevolent and good. H * works done, and doing, manifest h benevolence and goodness. 1 nest-. united with his cheerfulness an . - y ety, mark the genuine Christian. Hesperian, “Would you like to subscribe [ ‘Dickens’ Household Words?” inquir ed a sombre-looking magazine agent “Household words have played the dickens with me long enough,” was the feeling reply of the henpecked husband. * ■ ' Fare to Fraser.—The prices of passage on the clipper ship Oracle to Victoria, wore— Steerage; $25; cab in, $5O. This vessel sailed on Mot?" dajr.