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THE HYDRAULIC PRESS, I* Published every Saturday, Bv AVERY & WATERS. B. P. AVERT, TH. W. WATERS. North San Juan, Nevada Co., Cal Terms. Dm Tear £5 00 Six Months 3 O 0 Three Months 3 00 'Single Copies 35 ASfAll papers will be stopped at the end of the term paid, unless renewed by the subscriber. 0m square of twelve lines, one insertion $3 00 Each subsequent insertion 1 50 Advertisements of a personal nature, double the above rates. A liberal deduction made to regular monthly and quar terly advertisers. Advertisements may be changed once a month without extra charge. Asp All advertising must be paid for in Advance. «Tot> IPrinting. We have in connection with the Newspaper, a Job ’Office, complete in all its departments, and capable of executing every description of Job Work with neatness accuracy and dispatch, upon the most reasonable terms. -VO WORK DELIVERED UNTIL RAID FOR PROFESSIONAL CARDS. R. H. FARQUHAR, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, BRIDGEPORT Township. Office, next door to Weiss’ Billiard Sa loon, Main street, Ban Juan. 1 tt J. B. JOHNSON, ■ ' JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, OFFICE. IN Jndgo Stidgcr's Luw Office, Main street, XOrth San Juan. Ilf 0. P. STIDGER, Attorney at l aw, notary public and Conveyancer. Office on the north side of Main, street, one door west of Seaw 11 ,t Sou's store, opposite tiic Pioneer. XO UTH SAX J VAX. Nov. 13, 1857. 1 1m Win. F. MDERm, AUerney anil Counsellor at Law, Omcii.-Iu Alban's Brick Building, corner of Broad and Pine streets, Nevada. 213 m JJEIBI MEREDITH THOMAS P. HAWLEY MEREDITH Si lUWLKV, Attorneys at Law, NEVADA CITY, CAL. 15 3m GEO. W. YANT DAVID BELDEN BELDE\ & IA\T, AT TOR eV E V S AT L A W, Particular attention given to procuring U. ?. Land War rants fdr persons by Military service entitled to the same. OFFICE...No 4, second story of Alban’s Brick Building, Corner Broad and Pine streets, NEVADA. 21 'STANTON BUCKNER, C. WILSON HILL. BLX'RXER & HILL, Having associated themselves together in the practice of the Law, will attend promptly to all business couSded to their care in Nevada and adjoining counties. Office —In Kelsey's Brick Building, Commercial ■treot. Nevada. April 8,1555. 213yi J. B. M'CONNELL, A. C NILES. McIOWELL & MILES, Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, Will practice in •” the Courts of the lith Judicial Dis trict, ana 'ipreine Court. Office —Kidd -in , v Building, up stairs. 21 3m It. s. OLDS, M. D., IHYSICIAN AND SURGEON —OFFICE, at Moore's Hotel. Moore’s Flat. BUSINESS CARDS. B. LEVISON, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in THE BEST HAVANA AND AMERICAN CIGARS AND TOBACCO, Cutlery, Stationery, and Fancy goods All of which will be sold at city prices, for cash. Main street, opposite Flnma street, North San Juan nol-3m J. W. SULLIVAN’S ( GREAT PACIFIC EMPORIUM, AND Genera' Agency of Periodical Literature, AND SOLE AGENT FOR *‘THE CALIFORNIA TRUE DELTA” California Boston Journal, Missouri Republican. Ciu qinnattr Commercial, y. Y. Oairier des KUUs L'nis, Ne to York Herald. Tribune and Times. Ac., Ac., Ac. WASHINGTON STRET, NEXT TO THE POST OFFICE, San Francisco. JEWELLERS. JEWELRY. MR. VASDEULOOT, HATING assumed the proprietorship of the estab lishment of Mr. Schwartz, respectfully informs •the public and his old friends that he is prepared to Mauulacluie Jewelry, ■of all descriptions in the neatest and best possible man ner. at short notice. Mr. V. has long had the reputation of being a com petent and faithful AVatchmaker, and will give good satisfaction in all kinds of Watch and Clock Repairing, and warrants all his work. .oEg“Give hiraa trial."hA s treat. opposite C. Schardin’s. 20tf CHARLES W. YOUNG. MANUFACTURER OF California «T owolry; WATCHMAKER, And Dealer in ...... ine Watches, Jewelry, Diamond- Work, Ac. Junction of Main and Commercial streets, NEVADA. Nevada, April 81b, 185?. - 1 3m THE HYDRAULIC PRESS. SALOONS & LIQUOR STORES. BILLIARDS, 25 CTS, A GAME! San Juan Exchange C. SCHARDIN & C 0.,. HAVING purchased the iuterest of John Woods in the above San Juan Exchange,and ma<lo large additions and improvements, the Saloon now compares favorably with any in the Mountains. Three Hilliard Tables, In first-rate order—two of them new Marl>le Beds and equal to any in the State. The Wood bed is the fa vorite of tlie place. Jt is the intention of the proprietor to nso every exer tion to make the Exchange the favorite resort of all seekers of healthy pleasurable exercise. THE BAR will he furnished with the very best WIVES A\D Liqi ORS To be had in the San Francisco Market, and no pains uill he spared to make everything pleasant and attrac tive. 10 Liquors at Wholesale and Retail. A. D. LABASSEE’S Hank Exchange CORNER OF MAIN AND FLUME STREETS, NORTH SAN JEAN. ally, and h of making the This splendid Saloon having been recent ly re-fitted in the most elegant style, .is now ■pen for the accommodation of the public, fhe subscribers will be happy at all times to meet their friends ami the public pener trict attention to business, are confident BANK EXCHANGE the most desirable place of resort in the mountains. THE BAR will at all times ha supplied with the best Liquors, Wines, Ale and l*orter, and CIGARS that the market affords. A. D. LABASSE k CO. Ay'AVines and Liquo' - for Medicinal purpo se*, equal to any in th State, and superior to any Drug store articles in the uouutaius. choice lot of California Wines, now on hand. A. D. L. April Ist, 1858. 20mytf Largest Stack in the Mountains. Pioneer Liquor Store. WHOLESALE and RETAIL.. OPPOSITE FRANK SJTIITI’S TIN SHOP, MAIN STREET. • —” fI subscriber having refitted and refurnished 51 the above soffc, is now prepared with a large and complete stuck of Wines, L.i;guors, Vic and Porter of the best quality, and at as Low Prices. Ti'W csule or lietu.il, as they can he bought below, hothin Quantity and Qualify. Ail orders promptly attended to, and C a-Goods de livered free of charge. CALIFORNIA WINE, ORE C ON CIDER , and a variety of choice beverages, always on hand and for sale by the ease, bottle or glass. The Pioneer Liquor Store is one of the oldest estab lishments of the kind in this vicinity, and the proprie tor expects by close attention to business, to create for it an increased popularity. 1). KRAFT. North Sau Juaa, April 2d, 1858. 20mytf Hurrah for Sweetland! Sew Saloon. A LABASSEE, of the Bank Exchange, • San Juan, having taken the large new building at Sweetland, opp -ite Dannals’ old store, is entirely refitting it, and will open, during the week,iv first class DRSSKIVC; SALOON, for the accommodation of gentlemen in that vicinity* He will always keep on hand the best of liquors and cigars, and be prepared with an experienced attendant to mix every variety of Fancy Brinks to order The patronage of the public is respectfully solicited, fcweetland, July 16, 1858. 35iuy C. E. HELFRICII, Soda Water Manufacturer, DEALER IN FINE BRANDIES, Wines. Ale, Porter 4c. Brandies, of the following brands : Old Sazerac, Otard, Jules, Robin & Co., United Vine yards, Martelle, Champaigne, Otard, Ac., Ac. Philadelphia and Holland Gin, Old Tom, Santa Cruz and Jamaica Hum, Monougahela, Bourbon. Irish and Scotch Whiskey: Heidsick, Schreider and Morizette Ch . 'paigne; Port, Sherry, Ginger. Hock. Santi ->t Wines. Assorted Case Liquors, and SYRUPS. His extensive stock is now complete in every depart ment, and will be offered at the most Reasonable Prices. San Juan North, Nov. 17, 1857. [1 Gni] C. SCIIARUIN & CO., Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Wines, Liquors, Cigars and Tobacco. Also— a general assortment of FRESH AND DRIED FRUITS, And Confectionery. 'JS £? m Tills cool and delicious beverage is kept on hand du ring the summer months. SOUTH SIDE OF MA N STREET. Forth San Juan, For. 17,1857. [1 tf ] ifERMBmi OPPOSITE C. SCHARDIN’S SALOON, main Street. HAVING Just opened a Boot &, Shot STORE in tills place, the undersigned would re spectfully Inform the gentlemen in this vicinity that he can supply their wants in his line with the Best Quality, and at the Lowest Prices, Either of Eastern manufacture, or Made to Order! The subscriber is a practical Boot-maker, and will warrant all his work. Give him a trial, and you will be satisfied. JOSEPH H ARNISHFEGER. North San Juan, Jan. 21,1858. 10 my PETALUMA Rauch Butter. At 26 PECK 4 COLET S. s TE El., of all sizes, at PECK iOOLEra NORTH SAN JUAN, NEVADA GO., CAL., SATURDAY, SEPT. 11. 1858. I 3 o e t x* y. ORIGINAL. HEIIORIE s. I remember, oh well I remember, The home that I left long ago, The dear scenes I knew in my childhood That never again I may know; Each face that beamed fondly upon mo The light of a love that is fled, The eyes that I fear would now shun mo. The forms that now lie with the dead. I remember, oh sadly remember. How lightly I turned from the spot Affection has rendered so sacred, To seek fora happier loti How I carelessly shouted “good-bye, friends,” To the tearful group at the door, But looked tenderly back from a distance And wept when 1 saw them no more! I remember, oh keenly remember, A tenderer jiartixig than this— A face that was pallid with sorrow', A gaze that I never can miss ; A clinging embrace ere we parted, ,A kiss from white lips that essayed To smile a fond comfort, but trembled, And only more anguish betrayed. I remember, too well I remember, And fear I may never retrace, The steps that have led me through manhood Away from my dear native place; And oh, how the feeling comes o'er me, The further and longer I roam, That fortune can never restore me The joys that I fled from at home! [ Or iginal.] LOG CABIV LVKLIHGS. No. IV. The mining towns of California are possessed of peculiar characteristics, which result partly from the unstable and heterogeneous nature of their population, partly from the influences of climate, and partly from that in vincible industry which, in the pursuit of gold, bends mountains to its will and empties rocky channels of their streams. In older lands—-where the people are not moved by the propul sion of individuality, but slowly drift through life on the current of old customs, obedient to the will of oth ers who assume superiority, nothing like our mining population and our mining towns could possibly exist.'—* There, the growth of towns, whatev er their origin may have been, is not the result of accident, nor often the fruit of private enterprise. At first, some peaceable peasants got together in hamlets for purposes of mutual protection, and association naturally begetting prosperity, ambi tious ruffians came upon them and substituted for their simple independ ence without written laws the tyranny of the sword, or the later tyranny of legal enactments enforced by the sword. To secure themselves in the possession of these cheap acquisitions, those old fillibusters called art to their aid. Walls arose on every side, and palaces and and there they stand to-day—the descendants of the same peasants subject to the descendants of the same ruffians.— More happy than this—not forced to be great by the necessities of despot ism—other agricultural hamlets have been allowed the felicity of unregard ed insignificance ; and where they flourished or decayed,in vale,or wood, or on the mountain’s side,have grown to be a part of the surrounding land scape, giving it a touch of grace and a sentiment of poetry. The physical characteristics of the country have so impressed themselves upon the minds of the inhabitants, and the love of home has grown sc strong with them, that death would be preferable to ex ile, and the sight of foreign art less beautiful than the grassy mounds of their buried ancestry. How different with the American 1 Born in a new world, amid the un» tamed forests and savages wilder loan those > —knowing tyranny but by tradition and some quickly resented essays of it from across the ocean ; living in daily companionship with the noblest natural objects, but every cir cumstance of his position forcmg him to energetic action and teaching him self-reliance; his individuality uncom promised by cramping formalism and hereditary prejudice ; and all around him the grandest incentives to enter** prise and adventure; —how could he but grow up a new creature on the earth? With a character lacking the grace of old association, unsoftened perhaps by the tenderness of accu* mulcted traditions and local affections, and possessing the firmest confidence, the bravest determination, the inost restless aspirations, the American is just fitted for bis destiny as the con queror of nature and the inaugurator of a new era. Those characteristics have driven us all from the places of our nativity and made us wanderers. These have populated State after State—connected cast and west by lines of cities, of iron roads, of tele graph wires; and these are develop ing those vast territories, from whose borders the poet hears “The first low sound of waves where soon Shall roll a human sea.” But if these characteristics lead us to greatness, they do also lead us to it by somewhat ignoble roads—by the hard dry paths of sordid selfishness— of money-seeking for no object be yond itself. But let us not quarrel with motives that have given us homes on the sun ny slopes of the Pacific. These cha racteristics render us here , after ma king the transit of our continent, im pulsively obedient to the first sugges tions of personal interest. Fortune is our goddess, and we flit about from place to place with all the capricious ness that belongs to the bestowal of her favors. Hence it comes that Ca lifornia towns arc so peculiar. The. mining population is as shifting as the sands ofthe'sea, and moved by every wave of fortune or breeze of good report. Hundreds will come to day and pitch their tents like an army; forests fall before them, and hills, ols der than the Pyramids, glide rapidly into the vales, at their bases. The various characteristics of our civili zation gather and flourish in the mushroom community, and it figures for awhile in the newspapers of the State with all the importance and more than the pretension of tho most permanent town. To-morrow comes, and the wilderness camp has vanished. Every tent is struck, and the army of fortune hunters is on the inarch to virgin placers. Thus it will continue to be until all the broad gold fields of California have been “prospected,” and about those which arc exhaust less, or in the richest grain fields of our State, steadfast cities assume permanent dominion. ' But in spite of this shifting and transitory character,our mining towns are not the abandoned and disorderly places that might be supposed. Am ericans carry with them, wherever they go, the institutions which they prize; every immigrant is a State in himself, and his first care is to estab lish laws. These may not be perfect nor always regular according to legal definition; but they answer the cardi nal purpose of all law—and that is, protection. A sense of justice, how ever rude, pervades the inchoate com munity, and only occasionally docs national prejudice, stimulated by de sire for gain, operate to the injury of even the meanest alien. Thus it happens that the regulations of self-congregated miners, iu the form of public meetings, presided over by proper officers selected from the crowd, and their deliberations rudely published,come to be sanction ed as laws by the State, and respected by its Judiciary. It is the preroga tive of Americans so to make laws, and it is their glory that they seldom make them unjust. Apart from obe dience to these, every man’s individ uality can assert itself unchecked; — hence these floating communities ex hibit the richest variety of character anywhere to be found. Men from every State, from every country, and of every condition mingle as equals. The honest miner is not ashamed to “hake hands with the lawyer, nor does the lawyer deem his soft palm conta minated bj the horny touch of labor. Hardly a man can be found but whose back has at some time, whatever his present condition, been bent over the flinty bosom of his mother earth. The pickaxe might well stand with us as the emblem of equality. Labor overcomes all things, says the classic proverb; but it never before overcame anything so nearly invinci ble as cast,or the artificial distinctions which germinate in even American soil, as do the most loathsome weeds. I love to contemplate this rough equa lity in mining communities. Eveu so rude a realization as it is of the phi lanthropist’s and poet’s dreams, fills me with pleasant speculations and in spires my soul with new hopes for man. There is one of these mining towns not far from my lonely cabin. For a long time—pursuing my daily labor without thought of seeking novelties—l was unaware of its exis° tenco. It had struck mo that there were more passengers by' my abode than formerly, and the fact annoyed me,for everybody seemed curious, asking prying questions which I did not an swer. Sometimes in the still night I heard shouts at a distance as of bacch analian orgies, and faintest tones of melody were borne to me upon the breezy air. Thinking to find in some far cabin up the stream a 'lover of music soothing his solitude with violin or flute, I one evening took my cars for guides and wandered along the river. The further I walked the lou der became the sound of music, but less sweet and with less of lingering softness in its pauses. The loud tones of human voices—the shouts of un controlled mirth—then mingled with it. until, as I turned a bend in the bank, I saw at my feet an encamp" ment of illuminated tents; in the midst of it a large round tent with a conical roof and projecting pole, from which streamed an American flag. Here was a revelation! Rumors of good diggings lately found, had attracted to the spot a large number of miners, and suddenly, as Solomon’s temple went up without the sound ofharamer or any tool of metal, this mining “town” was constructed. The round tent was the source whence proceeded tho music I had heard—for there the divine art was employed, as it has been so often in California, to seduce men to the seductive vices of gambling •and intoxication. These “saloons,” as they were termed, were the only places of resort once, and so numerous were they that they could be avoided only by remaining in one’s own tent or cabin. It is many years since my first view of that mushroom village. Then, Its collection of canvas houses gleamed through the woods at night like monstrous fire'flies, and by day the miners were working with their little rockers along the river’s bank or in winding ravines. To day, a compactly built town stands on the same spot, tall brick houses having taken the place of tents and cabins, whilst the hills around are bare of trees, and some of them stripped of dirt to the bottom granite I which stares drearily at tho sun as though the elements had never clothed its form with rounding loam and ver dant coats of green. Huge piles of rocks, and gravel-filled ravines, and yawning chasms, and water leaping over earthen walls in unaccustomed places, and streams diminished in their flood, and avalanches filling up those streams, and lofty flumes that j span the gorge’s depths, proclaim the omnipotence of labor, the skill of man, the potency of gold. THE HYDRAULIC PRESS l>o Good. We are too apt to step complacently back from some little good we have accomplished, as from a piece of work completed, and to stand idly regard ing it—while self-flattery is busy within us —wasting time which might be employed in doing more good, per haps incapacitating ourselves for further usefulness by fostering self 1 satisfied contentment. The moment man stops to reflect upon his own ex cellence he has partly lost the capaci ty for unselfish actions. This is the only danger attending the perfor mance of virtuous deeds, and it is a danger which can be avoided only Iby peseverance in doing. Content ment is not alone slothful, but perni ciously conservative of many things which deserve not to stand. Dis contentment is the prop6r condition of man—as it is his peculiar charac teristic. The lower order of animals, in whom instinct supplies the place of ; reason, are not given to progressive | change, or, in other words, to improve ment. I The bee works now as it has work ed for ages; man alone invents new : methods of labor, new forms of socie- I ty. The true theory of happiness is 1 action : ‘Man never is but alwaje to be blest." NUxMBER 4. Here then we have additional in. ducement to bo indefatigable in well doing, since those actions which are benefits to others, form our only real pleasure. Wealth may forever elude our grasp —friends be few as flowei* in a northern winter, at the command of the rich alone, —all the enjoyments brought by both to the fortunate pos sessor bo to us merely imaginary; but the pleasure of doing good—the supreme delight of cheering lonely hearts or relieving suffering, can nev er be taken away from or lost to us, except by our own selfish indolence. Ho < ; sn, as we advance in life, do the more fancies of our younger -days, become the most painful reali^ ties! Sentiments which once were fictitiously uttered or written, become feelings , real and deep. The very expressions wo employed in our inexperience, returns to us subsequently as the best we can use-. The soul seems tu have had a foresight, and to have dictated an utterance of its future passions, its happiness and its sorrow. 3fot to lie found iu Tom Moore'. I sat with my dear where flowers wore smiling, But none smiled so sweetly as she did; Her eyes had a look that was so beguiling No wonder for love that 1 pleaded. I took her small hand, which she did not withdraw, "While I prayed I might not bo jilted; And then, with a glance that her molting orbs saw. Said—“ Wilt thou, my love?”—and she wilted I The Origin of the Sewing Ma chine.—The Springfield Mass. Re publican tells what it was that first fired the genius of Allen Wilson, the inventor of the sewing machine.— \\ ithin sight of his shop eight years ago, three orphan sisters sat and sew ed for bread. “The younger stitched the elder’s winding sheet, and the other stitched her own. Ono by one, palo consumption claimed them, and they dropped as the red leaves of Au tumn drop. As the mechanic helped to lower the last within her narrow house, shedding upon her bier the honest tear of neighbor and of friend, he resolved that a way should be found, “whereby the slavery of th® needle should end.” They did not die in vain; for before the graves were grassed, the village paper, that an> uounced their death, contained a paragraph describing how its editor had seen a machine that sewed a cur ved scam, the first ever made in the world. So humanity blossoms from decay, and sympathy festoons the chambers of invention with garlands too green to fade, too useful to bo lost.” So poetry links itself to the tri umps of mechanism, and the benevo lent thought of one redeems thousands from the thraldom of toil. If Thomas Hood, whose feeling heart produced that pathetic “Song of the Shirt,” could have lived to see this invention, he would have wedded it joyfully to the melody of his muse-. Morris has written ouo song in its why not celebrate the circum* stances of its origin in another ? A Monument is to be raised to the memory of the Pilgrims at Plymouth-. It is to be completed in twelve years, is to cost from SBOO,OOO to $400,000 and will be 153 feet high, SO feet at the base, with some 38 Collassal fig ures.—A belter monument would be a large free Academy for poor chil dren, inscribed to the memory of the Pilgrim fathers. Why connot alt monuments be thus made subservient to the interest of the living as well as laudatory of the dead? Franklin’s best monument is to bo found in the literary, Scientific and educational institutions with which his name is-connected. A fine portrait of Bayard in the Academy of Design at New York, has been mutilated by the scratching out of the eyes. The ano ther of the mischief is unknown, but it is surmised that some outraged fe male did it, under the provocation of his saucy letter, just after his mar riage, in which he told his fair cor respondents to stop asking him for au* tographs and locks of hair.