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The hydraulic press. (North San Juan, Nev. Co., Cal.) 1858-18??, September 18, 1858, Image 2

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THE HYDRAULIC PRESS
D. P. AVERY, EDITOR.
SATURDAY, - - SEPT* iS. ISSS.
To Correspondents.— “ Lines on
the Death ot Quitman” are respect
fully declined. The author would be
sorry to see them in print.
“Crucible’s” beautiful article, en
titled “An Old-Time Parting,” will
appear next week.
were visited this week by
an intelligent gentleman who has just
arrived frem Salt Lake City, which
place he entered two days before the
army. lie reports a very light immi
gration from the States to California,
but thinks many Mormons may be ex
pected. Much dissatisfaction pre*
vails amongst the Saints in regard to
the course pursued by Brigham Young
towards the Federal Government,
particularly amongst the American
portion of them, the foreigners genor*
ally upholding him and cherishing bit 1
ter feelings against our Government.
Our informant thinks “the end is
not yet.” Young’s ulterior object
seemingly is to remove his people to
some spot where they can be indepen
dent. Many false statements have
been made in regard to Mormon outs
rages upon emigrants, but the re««
ports concerning their polygamous
and incestuous practises are nowise ex
aggerated, .
Young America.— A bright little
boy of some four summers, who ac
companied his father to the late races,
applied to his parent on the grounds
for two bits. When asked what ho
wanted of tho money, ho replied,—
“I want to bet on the race.” He
was then asked which horse he inten
ded to bet on, to which he gravely
answered, —“I don’t know; I haven’t
oeen the horses yet; I don’t bet my
money till I see the horses!”
Another youngster, several years
older, who lately earned seventy dol
lars by riding a race horse, was giv*
ing himself lessons in circus feats in
front of this office, much to his own
and our amusement. He had laid a
spring board from a box to tho ground
and was leaping from it over the back
of a patient donkey, sometimes com
ing to the earth with uncomfortable
suddenness and on the wrong end.—
He improved rapidly however, and
finally crowned all his other feats by
mounting the good natured jack bare
back and riding him about standing.
The fiery steed a great pro
clivity to traj^.a*'circles, as if ho
expected at, seine time to figure in
the ring,. 'That boy may be a second
Melville yet. Genius is usually self
sgf*The race between “Red Bill”
and the colt “Cub,” which was ar-
I ranged by Kenville and Brown some
| time since, camo off last Saturday,
11th inst., on the San Juan course.
Tho distance run was 440 yards,
and tho stakes SI,OOO on the “Cub”
against SSOO on “Red Bill.” Tho
Cub won the purse by forty feet.—
There were between four and five
hundred spectators on the ground.—
But little enthusiasm was displayed,
except by tho winners and their
friends, nor was there much betting
going on. In the* races heretofore it
has happened that Caraptonvillo and
San Juan stock has been entered in
competition, thus exciting quite a foo
ling of town rivalry, which is amusing
to note. So far iuC Camptonville
folks are a little ahead.
A race is to bo run over tho Cher
okee Course, this Saturday, 18th inst,
by Brown’s “Cub” and “Kentuck’s”
“Sheep,” for a purse of $600; dis
tance, 300 yards.
New Landlords. —The Sierra
Nevada Hotel has been sold by the
proprietors, Sears & Green,to Messrs.
Crawford & Gordon, formerly of Hon
«ut> who intend to newly fit and
furnish the house in as short a time as
possible, and to open it as a first
class hotel. One of the firm brings to
town with him an interesting family,
who will form a welcome addition to
our population.
Atlantic Mail. —Although the
. regular mail for tho States closes on
kept open at tho v T > osl Office until the
stage leaves on Sunday morning.—
This will give every one an opportuni
ty to reply by this mail to the letters
received to-day.
Slow imitli ue F.cadand Write.
As a matter of local interest, and
that our eastern friends who read the
Hydraulic Press may know we arc
not entirely absorbed in the pursuit of
gold, we have compiled the following
statistics of the number of letters re
ccived and forwarded at the Post Of
fice in this place, and of the number
of newspapers and periodicals we
consume every month.
The memoranda upon which our
figures are based, were kindly fun>
ished us by Mr. Sam’l. Abbey,. local
Expressman, and Mr. G. D. Oornin,
Agent for Seely in the Post Office
and Langton’s Express; and wo be
lieve arc substantially correct. The
statement would be more interesting
if it were possible to give the amount
of our population. It may bo well
enough to remark, however, that that
is estimated at about 800 souls, 800
of whom, to use round numbers, voted
at the last election, and about 200 of
whom are women and children. North
San Juan is, of course,.no more than
a decent sized busy village; but we
doubt whether there arc many other
places of equal size in California, that
can show statistics as flattering to
the character of their inhabitants as
are the following to ours. The
Average number of letters sent and received
monthly per Atlantic mail is 1,000
“ “ scut and received thro’ Cal. malls 1,120
It should be borne in mind that
Californians do not write near so many
letters to the Atlantic States now as
formerly; one chief reason of which
is that there are not so many men
hero without their wives, whilst there
are more w ho have become, indifferent
through long absence.- Our business
correspondence is mostly done through
the Expresses, and is not included in
the above figures.
The number of newspapers and
magazines received monthly by mail
fram the East is about 450 —a much
less number than is sent home. But
the largest portion of our literary food
comes to us by Express, though for
the sake of convenience wo have in
cluded what we buy from the Expres
ses and what comes to us through the
mail under the same head—as follows:
List of Atlantic Papers and Magazines
Bought and Subscribed for in tills
Place Monthly.
N. Y. Iloraid, semi-monthly CO
“ Tribune, “ 40
“ “ semi-weekly 100
“ Ledger, weekly (4
“ Statz Zeitung “ 12
Leslie’s Pictorial, “ 32
Harper's Weekly, “ 16
Scientific American, “ 16
N. O. True Delta, semi-monthly, 40
Picayune, 12
Boston Journal “ 56
B;J ou’s Pictorial, weekly, 28
Missouri Republican, weekly, 2S
Missionary Advocate, monthly, 32
Forney’s Urjss, semi-mouth y, 24
Wc'ch Papers, tvo-kly, IS
French Papers, “ 20
Illn.it. London News, weekly, 48
Mirror & Keystone, monthly 10
Boston Investigator, weekly, 12
Miscellaneous lyd
870
Harpers’ Magazine 42
Atlantic Monthly 21
Ladies Repository 27
National Magazine 30
Godey’s “ 15
Graham’s “ 12
Miscellaneous 15
162
Total 1032
Under the title of miscellaneous are
included papers from nearly if not
quite every State in the Union, but
mostly from the Southern and West
ern States. It will be observed that
New York furnishes us a larger pro
portion cf papers and periodicals than
any other place, the number from that
one place being 530, or more than
half. The peculiar political
ter of the greater part of these will
explain how this place gave such a
heavy vote in opposition to the regu
lar Democratic ticket, and the whole
list very correctly indicates the ex
tent to which the different portions of
the confederation arc represented in
our population.
We will next give a list of
California. Papers.
Sacramento Union, daily, 00 subscribers, I tiO
S. F. National, “ 17 “ , 403
J/arvsville Democrat “ 12 “ 2SB
S. F. Bulletin, “ 9 “ 216
“ A!ta California “ 8 “ .'.i. 192 **’
Sacramento J/ercury ; ‘ 2 “ 48
Total Dailies, 2,545
Golden Era, weekly, 81 “ 324
Weekly Union, “ 29 “ 116
Nevada Journal “ 38 “ 152
“ Democrat “ 34 “ 136
S. F. Sp’t Times, “ 47 “ 188
Christian Advocate “ 15 “ CO
Pacific, “ 10 “ 40
Jfiscellaneons, “ 10 “ 40
Total 'Weeklies, 1,056
llutcLing's 0/aguzine,— lO \
Whole number California publications per month, 3,610
This list shows that San Juan
takes 108 copies of Daily papers and
264 copies of Weekly papers pub. 1
lished in this State, in addition to !
supporting very liberally its own local i
weekly.
liccnpl t ulat lon.
Athmtic '.V\v;p;i<«rs and J/agasiu«w 1,032
Caliijrni.'i New-j. ij>er?, &c .S.f’lO
Monthly circulation Hydraulic Tress COO
'Talcing a grand total of 5,242
Publications of all kinds and from all
places consumed every month by the
reading appetites of our 800 citizens,
more or less.
Tho aggregate cost of this mental
fodder, as near as we can ascertainit,
is, in round numbers, $165 per week
or SO6O per month, amounting to the
sura of $7,920 annually—nearly ten
dollars for each one of our inhabit
ants. This largo expense is accoun
ted for by tho fact that most of the
papers and magazines wo read arc
bought of Express Agents, or News
men, instead of being subscribed for
at tho publication offices, and cost us
from ten to twenty five cents per co
py for the papers and fifty cents for
e magazines.
In addition to this lighter mental
pabulum, the public library, which
now contains several hundred volumes
of well selected works, affords those
of our citizens who desire it, intellec
tual food of a more solid character.
Thus it appears that wo are not
entirely separated from the ago in
winch we live, though so far removed
from its busy centers.
Sand Reservoirs are banked ex
cavations ot various sizes, sometimes
many acres in extent, usually built at
tho heads of ravines by damming
them across, and are employed to set
tle tho muddy water of mining ditch
os. Tho temporary rest the water
obtains in them causes tho dirt it
holds in solution to precipitate to the
bottom, the clean fluid on the surface
running off into lower receptacles,
where it is drawn as needed. This
prevents a great body of sand from
filling up the numerous smaller ditch
es which feed the claims with water
and enables tho miner to obtain a uni
form head of the same useful element
by keeping the guage-boxes always
clear. When sufficient sand has ac«
cumulated to nearly fill the reservoir,
it is removed by letting in numerous
streams of water through boxes which
pierce tho inner sides of tho excava
tions like loop-holes, and connect with
the ditch, being shut with gates when
not in use. These streams, rushing
from every direction to a common
center and finding exit through a
largo sluice-way at the bottom of the
dam, of course easily cut down tho
sand, which flows rapidly off, like
melting snow, in a harmless direction,
following the course of some ravine.
The softer sediment, which settles
lightly on the surface of tho sand, is
a slippery, yellow mud that the
miners elegantly term “slumgullion.”
When the water has been drawn from
it, and while it is yet moist, this sub
stance presents a curious appearance,
S 5 if it were a large pond of cake
batter just ready for baking, yet its
glazed surface reflecting the surroun
ding scenery as faithfully as water
could do it.
The cleaning out of those sand re
servoirs is a sight worth seeing. The
deposits in them are frequently of
considerable depth, and as the many
streams of water pursue their insinu
ating courses toward tho outlet, they
cut the sand into shapes which rep
resent the earth’s surface in epitome
—its sloping hills and bolder steeps,
its winding streams and gently rolling
plains.
We want a daily mail to Marys
ville. We already have daily com
munication with that city by stage
and express, but our ordinary corres
pondence, on which we cannot afford
to pay express charges, must go a
roundabout road when there is a di
rect one to its destination. At least
four days are required to get replies
by mail from Marysville,which place
is only 35 miles distant.
Dr. J. li. Warfield, Assemblyman
from this township last winter, intro«
duced into the Legislature a concur
rent Resolution, which was adopted,
instructing our Senators and request
ing our Representatives in Congress
to use their influence for the estab
lishment of a mail route between this
place and Marysville; and that was the
last heard of the matter.
We need daily communication with
pur big sister on the Yuba, and there
is no good reason why we should not
have it. The road between the two
places is one of the best in the State
and is travelled at all seasons by a reg
ular line of stages.
£55“ The Red Bluff Beacon coo !
plains of the citizens of that place as
having “less appreciative talent in a
literary or intellectual sense,” than
any other people amongst whom its
editor ever lived; merely because they
did not attend a certain Divine’s ex
cellent preachment on a recent occa
sion.
If non-attendance at preaching
proves lack of intellectual apprecla
tion, neighbor, we fear there is pre
cious little in our town —or in our
State for that matter.
We have frequently seen the par
son of this place addressing himself
to an “appreciative” audience of six
persons.
There may be some other reason
for this than tho ono the Beacon gives,
and which it would be well for prea
chers themselves to know. It is
barely possible there may bo some
thing lacking in front of the audience
occasionally. People of the most
religious and “appreciative” minds
may possibly tiro of the formalism and
dogmatism of tho pulpit, and think it
more religious to stay away from
church than to attend it. The warm
life of Christianity—its heart-gushing,
catholic benevolence—may, perhaps,
not always illumine the pulpits of Ca
lifornia; and when it is lacking if any
worshippers are found in attendance,
they are animated more by a sense of
duty than by any expectation of spir
itual profit. We are willing to ad
mit that the pulpit contains some of
ths broadest minds and.sweetest hu
manitarians that now bless the earth
with their words and example, and
that the clergy of our own Stato do
not lack talent, earnestness and de
votion. But for all this, it is palpa
bly evident that they fail to reach the
popular heart.
It will not do to maintain the cha
racter of the clergy at tho expense of
that of the people. The prevalence
of intelligence and religious sentiment,
if not of religious feeling, amongst
4 • • ° O ’ O
Americans, is too well known to per
mit their indifference to religious lec
tures to be accounted for by accusing
them of want of appreciation. The
amount of intelligence amongst Cali
fornians is asserted, by ministers
themselves, to be above even tho Am
erican average ; consequently, there
should be more appreciation of “lite
rary or intellectual” excellence here
than elsewhere. The inference is
plain, that if our people do not attend
church, it is because there is not suf
ficient inducement. They will not
patronize religious meetings, anymore
than they will concerts, the drama, or
circus, unless their wants are mot.—;
And what do they want in a spiritual
way? Doctrinal sermons—sulphur
ous denunciations—narrow views— ;
illiterate repetitions of things “famil
iar as household words”—the dry
cars from which genius long since
shelled the grain? No—yet such is
the entertainment usually offered
ihcm, and henco they stay away.—
When a new preacher comes to town,
ho draws, for awhile, larger audiences
than his predecessor could command
towards the last of his ministry; not,
because people run after novelties,
but because they wish to see whether
this man can give them what they
want. If there is inspiration about
him—if he can make their hearts
glow—cause tho tears to gush from
long sealed fountains—touch them
with greater love for their fellows,and
plant in their souls the roots of those
higher motives which blossom in good
deeds careless of forms, —if he i«
this and can do this, he will never
lack an audience.
If, on tho contrary, his mind be
fashioned in the narrow mould of sec
tarianism, and dry exhortations to the
observance of dryer forms tako the
place of those electrical qualities
which alone can move tho heart—he
will certainly lack an audience.
If the clergy of California would
address themselves to that want of our
people to which, we have alluded—to
their innate love of virtuo/or its own
sake —to their vague but righteous
aspirations—to their memories of
homo, of the dead, of the absent—to
their thirsty craving for a better life
here , as an easy and natural prelude
to life hereafter —then, they might
expect influence, success, and dewy
outgushings of tho spirit amongst a
people parched by materialism, sor
didness and isolation.
Wc have said this much—which is
more than we expected to say and
more than was warranted by the par
agraph which led to these remarks—
because we wished to protest against
the assertion, so frequently made,that
there is a dearth of spiritual life
amongst the people of California.
We do not believe it. but, on the
contrary, wo believe that the heart
and brain of California are all right,
and that they only need the proper
stimulus, —which does not consist in
assuming their total depravity, defa
ming virtue, or confining it to creeds
and forms.
California State Horticultu
ral Society. —This useful Society
according to its Vice President J. W.
Osborn, was formed two years ago by
some fifteen gentlemen, and new num
bers near one hundred members. It
makes an exhibit of fruits at the fair
of the Mechanics Institute, now in
progress at San Francisco, and was
addressed last week by lion. Wilson
Flint. As attention is now being
turned tc the Agricultural and Hor
ticultural capacities of tho hitherto
despised mountain regions, the follow
ing extract from the address will prove
interesting to those who have not read
the whole production.
Fair and abundant as the grapes
are which arc produced ia our val
leys, it is to the hill sides in tho mi
ning districts that we shall eventually
look for the best grapes. These
lands are of a reddish color, compos
ed of marls and calcareous remains
intermixed with sulphurets and volca
nic formations, all of which are high
ly favorable to the development of tho
grape, and what renders its cultiva
tion a matter of littlo trouble is the
fact that artificial water courses for
the supply of miners are carried over
every hill, so that irrigation is already
provided for. It is a curious fact
that were the gold mines to give out
to-morrow, the various canals and
ditches, which have cost so many mil
lions to construct would bj of nearly
equal value to irrigate vineyards,
should the miners turn their attention
to this branch of industry instead of
gold digging.
JSSIKPoor Ferguson is a “gone
community* indeed. lie submitted
to amputation of his wounded leg,
which was mortified nearly to the
knee, and died in half an hour after
wards, on Tuesday September 14th.
llis body is to be brought to Sac
ramento for burial, according to his
own wishes and those of his friends.
F erguson was one of the ablest
and most original men in California,
and his faults arc not so singular in
this State as to justify special rebuke
now that he is dead.
We do not hold to the opinion that
because a man is iu the grave his
bad deeds should be invariably con
cealed—for were that done history
would cease to bo “philosophy teach"
ing by example;” but whatever was
bad in poor Ferguson is so common
and so well known, that it would be
unjust to single him out for reproach.
Better condemn the same faults in the
living, and keep from men who are
tainted by them tho important privi
lege of acting as our public servants
Earthquakes. —The San Francis
cans, and the Coast people generally,
have been having another slight
O O
“boost” from the sulphurous regions.
California boasts of her big vegeta
bles, rich mines, lofty mountains,
cascades, —in fact of nearly every
thing within her borders from peanuts
to poets;but in the way of earthquakes
she fails to achieve any “great
shakes.” All we need to complete
the catalogue of our greatness is a
genuine earth-opening and a volcano
or two in constant operation.
Another Overland Mail arrived at
Placerville on the 13th in twelve days
from Salt Lake City. Two passen
gers came in the coach. Iso trouble
on the road. Nothing now concerning
the Mormons. Gen. Harney was on
the road to Oregon with a body of
troops.
Gov. Camming had determined to
send one hundred troops into the
Shoshone country for the protection
of the mail. Several large droves of
cattle are along the route.
BSf*The steamer Senator brought
to San Francisco from the Southern
country this week 5,000 boxes of
grapes, and the following nows:
Arizona reported to bo rapidly fil
ling up, mostly with people interested
in mining. Some trouble with the
plundering Apaches.
The population of California is es
timated at 500,000.
town is overrun with
punsters —good, had and indifferent,
tho bad ones, according to Lamb, be
ing the best. Wo remember tho
happy time when there was only on©
punster in tho place—-whom wo got
rid of by sending him to the legisla
ture; but the disease is infectious,
like small pox, and spread from one
to another until now everybody is
breaking out with scaly double enten
dres. Even here, in our Editorial
Sanctum, “we must speak by the
card, or equivocation will undo us*”
One reckless gentleman standing at
our elbow a few moments since, and
speaking of tho intelligence which is
probably now flashing through tho
Atlantic from England to America,
says it is quite Cabal-istb! Another,
a rasher punster yet, leaned purposly
upon the lever of our press, and, with
a willful disregard of correct pronun
ciation propounded tho following; '
“why is this upon wnich I lean like a
parting lover embracing his sweet
heart ? Ans.: Because it is tho
leaver that presses !
He was pressed to leave himself,
immediately afterwards.
Ahead of Us. —Calvin B. Mc-
Donald, of the Trinity Journal , in
tends “writing a brief and just review
of the mountain press of California;”
a capital subject, which we had prom
ised ourselves tho pleasure of using,
but are glad to have tho greater
pleasure of relinquishing to more com
petent hands. It has often been
: said by hypcrcritics, and most impu
j dently by that special newspaporial
j wonder the Athenceum, of swindling
i memory, that California has no native
healthy literature; we think McDon
ald will prove that it has.
WEW THIS WEEK.
Dissolution or Co-partnership.
ThJOTiCE is hereby given that the partnership here-
LY tof .re exj.stfa.it between the undersigned in the
business of hotcl-keep'ng in North San Juan, is this
day dissolved, All accounts against the firm can he
presented to either one of the parties, both of whom
will collect and receipt far duos.
o . w - EDWARDS,
Sept. 1 , , ISOB. 3 f.v DAVID L. SWAIN:
EXPRESS
Fort lie AllnuticStates and
/ Europe, per steamer of Sept. list,
ISiflEk 1 close at this Office on S unday
Morning, 19th inst., at half prst 7 o'clock,
betters and Packages received to the latest moment.
Sept. 17. JNO. A. SEELY, Agent.
ARE.—An extensive assortment of
iUB.II irdwars jnst received at the store of
s-Pb 1 " PECK A COLEY.
l 7 or turtle*
residence ..f the snhscriber wid he sold low
A i" npp. ed f irfo. ii. It is a corner lot, 90x130 feet
opposite the re. ideuc,- of A. Frazer. Esq.
c T „ J. I*. OLMSTEAD.
North Sa:i Juan, Sept. 17,1555. stf
ATTEXTIO7J, EVERYBODY!
BA UNEYLEVISON
lias just received from below a choice stock of
Cigars and Tobacco,
W hich he is prepare ! to dispose of at wholesale or retail
at very low rates.
Pipes, Tobacco and SuusT Boxes,
And FANCY GOOD;;, in an endless variety.
Confectionary, Fruits &c.
itccc»Vv‘(l iy» flutl sold cheap for tlic oro
CHEAP PUBLICATIONS,
Beautiful i’rihts. Playing Cards. Stationery, Ac., Ac.
CUTLERY.
The keenest kind Constantly kept on sale for kash.
Store on Main Greet, next to Post Office
my2l
w. c. KELIiU.II,
33 3E3 INT T I S T ,
WILL remain in North San Juau fora I
days only. Sept. 11.
fl'Yca want a Good Cigar,
...CAU, AT...
SASI’S Cliiiß STORE,
BETWEEN THE UNION II IT EL AND POST-OFFICE
A T gJ !i;K st, >ck "Icigars constantly on hand.
b‘Sars by the Box, at City Prices.
I he choicest brands of Virginia Tobacco,
smoking Tobacco, Snuff, Tobacco Boxes,
Can Tobacco. A large variety of
PIPES.
Cherry stems, Amber month pieces, x
1 laying cards, matches, a largo assortment of
Confectionery, Fruits, &c., &c,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.
Fine Of ft SSi'andie*
C. E. HELFRICH,
Soda Water Manufacturer,
DEALER IN FINE BRANDIES,
(Wines. Ale, Porter Ac.
i Brandies, of the following brands: i
Old Sazcrac, (Hard. Jules, Robin A Co.. United Vine
yards, Martelle, Champaigne, Otard, Ac., Ac.
Philadelphia and Holland Gin,
Old Tom, Santa Cruz and Jamaica Rum. Monongabela,
Bourbon. Irish and Scotch Whiskey: °
Ileiilsick, Sclmider and Morizctte Champaigne;
Port, Sherry, Ginger, Hock, Santorne Claret Wines.
Assorted Case Liquors,
and SYRUPS.
Ilifl extensive stock is now complete in every depart*
ment, and will be offered at the most
Reasonable Prices.
San Juan North, Nov. 17, 1857.
[1 3m]
Ambrotypes, Photographs,
SPHEREOTYPjGS, &C.
HA VI SGjn«t constructed a building on the lot
next to t he Sierra Nevada Hotel, expressly for the
purpose of taking likenesses by the above processes* wo
invite the public to call and examine our Pictures.
4K*T*Portraits taken at the lowest rates, and in the
highest style of our art.
For a Short Time Only.
B. JAY AXT RIB & CO.
North San Juau, An.' 2*. 2 1m

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