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The hydraulic press. (North San Juan, Nev. Co., Cal.) 1858-18??, October 09, 1858, Image 2

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THE HYDRAULIC PRESS
B. P. AVERY, EDITOR.
SATURDAY, OCT. 9. 1858.
[email protected]“The occasion of the non-receipt
of tho steamer’s news by telegraph
last week, was the breaking of the
line near Bope’s Ranch, thus inter
rupting the circuit between this place
and Nevada. It is the peculiar mis
fortune of the town* along the line
from Nevada to Downieville that ac
cidents occur to the wire oftoner be
tween those places than elsewhere,
though we are satisfied the fault lies
with the original contractors, and not
with the present operatives and les
sees, who do all in their power to keep
the line, in repair. Mr. Pattison, of
Nevada, says a frequent cause of
trouble is the forming of spider-webs
underneath the insulators, —these,
when moist, acting as perfect conduc
tors and leading off the electric cur
rent from the wire. It is now pro
posed to coat the insulators and iron
work of the posts with a preparation
of asphaltum, tar, and some other
similar ingredients, which will have
the effect, if it does not repel spiders
by its offensive odor, to prevent the
contact of their webs with the metal
lic surfaces. Parties who are invest
ing money in new lines of telegraph
will save themselves much future an
noyance and loss by holding contrac
tors to a faithful performance of their
work, and by insisting upon the use
of perfect insulators. It has been
stated that the insulators being erect
ed on the Placerville and Humboldt
line are of such a character as to
render the line utterly worthless in
wet weather. How is this? The
whole State has an interest in the
matter, and would like to know.
The Streets. —Citizens do not
require to be reminded of the almost
impassable condition in which Main
street was allowed to remain all last
winter : tho recollection of that deep
mud sticks in everybody’s mind.
Must we go through the same un
pleasant experience this season ?
There ought certainly to be public
spirit enough in North San Joan to
keep our principal street in traveling
condition. The public health and
convenience demand it, even if we are
careless about maintaining the good
reputation of the town. Why not
call a meeting of citizens forthwith,
and take into serious consideration
the project of paving or planking Main
street ? Sufficient money
doubt bo cheerfully subscribed for ei
ther plan which is considered most
feasible. The trouble last winter
was that enough power was not given
the committee then appointed. If
another committee is selected, it
should be authorized to contract for
paving or planking a given portion of
the street, and every property-holder
should agree to pay a pro rata share
of the expense. It has been sugges
ted that broken stone and gravel will
make the best pavement; it will cer
tainly make the most durable one,
and can be kept cleanly scraped in
winter and swept in summer. But
this is for a meeting of citizens to de
termine. Only take some action in
the matter, and that soon.
9&*We are indebted to J. W.
Tucker, the noted jeweller of San
Francisco, for a genuine piece of the
Atlantic cable, accompanied by a fac
iimile of Cyrus W. Field’s certificate
of sale to Tiffany & Co* Those who
would like to examine it can do so by
calling at the rooms of the Library
Association any evening. It is worth
fleeing, for, apart from the informa
tion it conveys, it is interesting as
being a portion of that cable which
lay eeiled up in the Niagara and
through which electric signals were
sent and- received between that vessel
and the Agamemnon, all the way
from mid-ocean to the shores of ei»
ther continent.
WMany thanks to Randall & Co.,
of Marysville, for full files of the N.
Y. j Daily Tribune. These gentle
men keep a general supply ef Atlan
tic Mid California papers and periodi
cals.
A9* A Quarterly Meeting of the
M. B. Church will commence in this
place this (Saturday) evening. Rev.
S. IX SiMOBDa will preach the open*
tag sermon. The public are invited
to attend.
Nevada.
A brief visit to our big sister on
the other side of the South Yuba,
reveals the fact that in spite of sever
al disastrous conflagrations, and the
comparative exhaustion of placer dig
gings, she still retains a vigorous vi
tality. The work of rebuilding goes
on yet, and will not probably cease
until the streets are again lined, as of
yore, with compact rows of houses.
Considerable pains are now taken to
beautify private residences, produc
tive gardens abound in the purlieus
of the town, and the cultivation of
the grape ha? been successfully in
itiated. New quartz leads are being
constantly opened, and there is every
reason to believe that this branch of
mining will eventually be the chief
industrial pursuit of that section, as
it already is of Grass Valley. Sev
eral new veins of considerable rich
ness, which have been opened since
the beginning of the present year,
are of great extent, and afford suffi
cient ground for the belief that the
quartz resources of Nevada have
been merely broached hitherto.
The business men of the city are'
imbued with the true California de
termination, and speak of the future
prospects of their place with cheerful
confidence. The convening of the
several courts, of the Board of Su
pervisors, &c., brought a number of
people in from the country and gave
the streets a lively appearance. The
Metropolitan Theater, lately comple
ted, is a commodious structure, being
one hundred feet long by thirty-five
broad. It will comfortably seat five
hundred spectators so that every one
can see the actors without straining,
and has several changes of new and
well painted scenery. It was to have
been opened on Monday evening by
Mrs. Wood, but that lady failed to
appear. On the following day, how
ever, another manager Pottered along,
and on Wednesday evening Tobin’s
comedy of the Honey Moon, and the
Irish farce of His Last Legs, were
performed; Mr. J. H. Wartrick ta
king the principal male characters in
both pieces, and Miss H. Carpenter
playing Juliana.
Nine years ago, when the writer
of this was “ prospecting ” over the
ground where now stands Nevada,
and when those bare hills were cov«*
ered with a thick growth of pines
which echoed to his solitary voice and
to the stroke of his pick—the only
one then swinging there—he had no
more conception that a flourishing city
would ever take the place of those
multitudinous trees than of discover
ing a mountain of pure gold. And
in the succeeding months, when those
ravines of almost fabulous richness
were being first opened, and when
Caldwell’s or Dyer’s log-cabin store
sold whiskey to thirsty miners at six
dollars a bottle, and pork and flour at
two dollars per pound—even then,
there seemed no prospect of a city
rising over those muddy claims, nor
of women and children blooming like
native flowers amid such sordid scenes.
But there stands Nevada to-day, and
the bell of her court-house rolls its
reverberations over many a bare hill
that late was hid in piny solitudes.
The Melancholy Days have
come —the saddest of the year, when
every breeze is like a sigh and every
leaf a tear. The wind is moaning
round the house, the trees they moan
on high; the summer birds are flitting
south and chatter while they fly.
The stars go chasing through the
clouds that veil the brow of night—
as if they saw a thing of fear they
join in dizzy flight. The winds are
calling from the south, the mountains
answer back, and tinted leaves have
hidden quite the pleasant summer’s
track—the tinted leaves, the withered
leaves, they fall and whirl around,
while acorns brown are crackling thro
dry branches to the ground. The
earth has lost her lovely robe of bios*
som-varied green, and naught but
bleak and dreary hills of barren red
are seen; save where the pines upon
the hills their stately columns rear,
and spread their verdant capitals un
changed from year to year; or where
some fountain bubbles up from vale
or mountain side, and paints the earth
with smiling green wher’er its waters
glide. Some drops upon the dusty
roof a rattling music make, and dot
with finger-prints of rain the sand
they cannot slake. The melancholy
days have come—’tis Autumn, sad
and sere ; hark, how she sighs with
plaintive grief over the fading year!
She trails along her cloudy weeds,
and Winter follows fast—closer and
closer to her train, with Loud and icy
blast
Celebration Extraordinary.—
While all the world has been cele
brating the success of the Atlantic
Telegraph, no attention has been paid
to that wonderful stranger in the hea
vens—which Col. Baker calls “ the
majestic, swift, electric telegraph of
the Almighty ” —beyond merely ga*
zing at him with scientific or with ig
norant wonder. No public receptions
have anywhere been accorded him,
no dinners given nor medals struck
in his honor, nor have people even
flattered him by exhibiting alarm at
his flaming approach. Indignant at
this shameful neglect of the illustrious
knight errant of space, the apprecia
tive citizens of Cherokee extemporized
a grand demonstration in his honor
on Tuesday night, and distinguished
themselves by the happy idea over
every other town on this planet. The
houses were brilliantly illuminated, a
huge bonfire blazed in the main street,
one hundred guns (or anvils) where
fired, Thos. King, Esq., delivered an
able address upon comets, Mr. Thos.
Hannah responded to the calls of the
enthusiastic crowd in some happy re
marks welcoming the celestial wan*
derer, and Mr. Frank Wilder uttered
some of his poeiical fancies in his
praise. Every body turned out on
the occasion, and everybody was de
lighted. The comet seemed very
much pleased with his reception, and
wagged his fiery tail in token of ap
proval, but retired at an early hour,
leaving his Cherokee friends to enjoy
themselves until eleven o’clock. This
celebration is no fiction composed to
meet editorial exigencies, but a genu
ine fact that occurred at the place
and time and in the manner described
above. It was really a beautiful
ides, that of welcoming back to the
gaze of mankind the wondrous object
which greeted the astonished eyes of
our fearful ancestors centuries ago.
And if men usually delighted in the
contemplation of heaven’s magnifi
cence, the millenium might be a prob
ability. All honor to Cherokee I
Success. —Mr. John R. Jones, who has
been in California onlj two years, left on the
last steamer for Pennsylvania, where he de
signs making his home. He carried with him
about $50,000, the result ef his mining ope
rations for the two years. He mined in the
vicinity ofSan Juan. The San Juan district
has probably made more men wealthy than
any other locality in the world, and we are
glad to say that most of them look for no
pleasanter home than their own go-ahead
town. — Nevada National.
Thank you, neighbor, for your frank
praise of our little place, and it is all
correct, too, except that $50,000.
Mr. Jones probably took home with
him $16,000 —even that is a pretty
fair reward for two years’ labor.
There are miners here, however, who
have made near the figure given by
the National , and some who will yet
make more than that. San Juan will
in time be one of the wealthiest vil
lages in the State, as it is already one
of the handsomest.
Wind Mills, according to the San
Andreas Independent , are largely
employed in the mountains for the
purpose of irrigating gardens and
orchards, but it makes the suggestion
that the same contrivance might be
economically used by miners for
draining their claims and procuring
water for washing. Most paying hills
have deep basins which are filled
with water that could be removed in
this manner and rendered serviceable
at the same time for sluicing pur
poses.
JJef-Tho official rote of the State
is as follows: Entire rote polled for
Supreme Judge, 80,797, of which
Baldwin received 44,599, and Currej
36,198; majority for Baldwin 8,401.
JVJeloney’s majority for Controller,
over Pawley and Gann, if 9,045.
Jennings received 27,221 votes for
Clerk of Supreme Court, and Mc-
Kibbin 81,838 for Congress ,* but the
vote for these two is considered ille
gal by the Secretary of State, and as
such is not counted by him.
Sporting. —A race came off on
Sunday last at Orlean’s Flat, be
tween “Wagoner,” an Orlean’s Flat
horse, and “Bones,” a Sacramento
horse. The distance run was 400
yards—“ Bones” having ten feet the
start. “Wagoner” won the race by
100 feet. About $2,000 changed
hands on the occasion.
A raee comes off to-day over the
Cherokee track for a purse of $2,000.
JsQ“Ererybody ought to get half
a dozen of those beautiful canvas
pictures from Antrim A Co. They
can be got nowhere else in the world.
Benevolent Associations.
In the early days of California,
when men’s thoughts were bent al
most exclusively upon the accumula
tion of wealth, and when sickness
and suffering were more common than
even vice, the so-called secret socie
ties lifted up their protecting altars
in the wilderness, and, renewing
their fraternal vows, went forth to re
lieve the wretched.
They did a noble work—all honor
to them!—and are not yet weary of
well-doing. But their benevolent
labors are necessarily confined to the
limits of their own organizations, and
seldom reach a class of sufferers the
most common in the mining regions.
We mean the victims of mining acci
dents.
Miners themselves should form
mutual relief societies in every dis
trict, and thus be assured of assist
ance in case of need, without being
obliged to appeal to public charity.
Every person of any feeling or liber
ality, whether a practical miner or
not, would willingly be a contributing
member of such a society, and re
joice in such an opportunity to be
useful to his fellows.
If the needed additional
funds, the community at large would
respond to an appeal from ic as quick
ly as thoy now do to .individual ap
peals for aid. Such an association
would make every miner who belong
ed to it feel assured that no exigency
could deprive him of the means of
supportj and it could be made the
active agent of charitable works
which few men like to initiate alone.
If the miners of Bridgeport Town
ship, or even of San Juan alone, were
to originate such an association, its
fellow would soon be found in every
part of the diggings, and a general
system might perhaps be agreed upon
that would render the benefits of
membership coextensive with the en
tire mining region of the State.
There should be an organized system
of benevolence in every community ;
such a matter as the relief, of suffer
ing is too important to be left to
chance, or to the sympathies of a few
whose deeds are limited by their
means.
Why not call a meeting of the mi
ners in this district, discuss the sub
ject, and agree upon a plan and put
it into immediate operation ? It is
really surprising the thing has not
been done long ago.
To Correspondents. —“Cincin*
»natus ” sends an effort entitled “Con
cert of the Passions,” and says, “If
rejected, please give your reasons.”
Well, the reason is—not worthy of
publication, and the author will be of
the same opinion some day.
[email protected]"*“ Chester,” in a brief commu«
nication, wherein he discourses upon
the noble attributes of man, and won
ders why he should ever be the vic
tim of sorrow and care, seems to think
the absence of woman’s love is the
great source of all our woe; and thus
alludes to the matrimonial example of
a friend: “My friend , who
lately led to the Hymenial altar one
of our fair and lovely daughters, en
courages matrimony. He is satisfied
it is the culminating point, the ne plus
ultra of happiness, the great elixir of
life. 1 witnessed his nuptials with
feelings of envy, and would hare giv
en worlds and kingdoms [Liberal
Chester!] for the power to have
changed the programme. Bat the
fiat had gone forth, and, almost with*
out an effort, he became the possess
or of a beautiful and accomplished
wife. May peace and prosperity at
tend them. Desperation is remorse
less —[‘Insensible to distress.’— Weh~
«<er.] lam in for matrimony! Who
bids ? Everything to gain and noth
ing to lose! Who bids ?” Don’t
all speak at o£ce! A fine old bach
elor offering himself ft willing victim—
who bids ? By the way, Chester
forgot to mention whether he has a
“pile” or not : he should recollect
that Tom Hoodfsays marriage is a mere
matter o’money. But then, his mag
nificent liberality with worlds and
kingdoms settles that point.
JBS®*Our merchants are now laying
in their fall and winter supplies, and
generally heavy stocks have been
purchased. A gentleman remarked
in our hearing a few days ago, that
he could purchase many articles in
small quantities, as cheap here as be
llOWt
[email protected]°*The miners about town are not
generally washing. This is the sea
son for preparation against the arrival
of winter—for deepening of cuts, ar
ranging of hose and hydraulic flumes,
laying or extending of sluice boxes,
&c., &c. Three companies washing
last week took out as follows : Dead
man Company, $4,100; Lowe &
Co., $2,800; Wyoming Company,
$l,OOO. We give the amounts in
round numbers. Several companies
are trying, or about to try the new
experiment of blasting banks, which
was described in this paper recently.
We give the result of a trial of it made
last week by the Kentucky Company
at Manzanita. They ran a straight
drift into the bank for twenty feet,
then another at a right angle to it for
seven feet, and then another for a
like distance in the same direction as
the long drift. Into this last small
apartment six kegs of powder, making
one hundred and fifty pounds, were
put, and solidly packed with earth.
The explosion of these cracked the
bank for a distance of thirty feet
back, and threw down into the open
claim some ten or fifteen feet, crum
bling it up thoroughly. A second
blast, which was conducted in the
same manner, threw down considera
bly more earth, and left the bank
cracked about thirty feet further
back. These two blasts, which cost
about sixty-five dollars each, have af
forded the company an abundant sup
ply of dirt ever since, keeping their
sluices running full constantly, where
as, under the usual system of piping,
they were nearly empty for three
fourths of the time.
When it is considered that their
water costs them $45 per day,the loss
resulting from piping against a hard
cpment bank three fourths of the
time, in order to obtain dirt for the
other fourth, can be easily estimated.
The great advantage of the blasting
process, then, is simply this, that it
enables the miner to be washing a
full run of dirt without intermission,
and with the same quantity of water
which he formerly employed to wash
a much smaller amount. Of course
this system of blasting is most ad
vantageous where the banks are hard
est. But there is no question of its
great value to every hydraulic miner.
We shall record future experiments
until the matter is fully tested, and
hope to learn that other localities are
giving it a trial.
But a Bell. —Why don’t our
Methodist friends buy a bell for their
new church? Nothing like the me
talic tongue of a clear, high-swung
bell to articulate invitations to reli
gious devotion, or to give a touch of
sacredness to the Sabbath. Buy a
bell; everybody will help you, for we
all love to hear it, even if we do not
all care to hear the preacher or do not
all believe his doctrines.
As its reverberating melody float
ed feather-like down upon the busy
street, people would stop to listen
with a thought of heaven in their
hearts, and a sigh for home upon
their lips.
The miner, where he sits in his
lonely cabin amid the rocky savage
ness of some deep canon, would hear
the faint sweet tones, and wander
forth to join bis fellows in the house
of prayer. The trader, doomed to
the ceaseless slavery of his shop, as
he looked forth and saw the gay lines
of women and of children wending
churchward and keeping time to the
music of the bell, would close his
doors, and resolve to have one day of
spiritual calm in seven. Buy a bell;
it will do more good than Sunday law
petitions, and Sunday laws. It will
preach in a voice that all can hear,
and without offense to any, of good
ness, of love, and of peace, if not of
what men term holiness.
Another Victory over the In
dians.—Advices have been received
through the late overland express, by
the commandant at Benicia, from Or<
cgon, that Col. Wright has gained
another battle over the Indians, and
that they are anxious to make peace.
« —Marysville Express.
The Marysville Democrat of yes
terday gives news from San Jose to
Oct. 7th.
The first overland mail from Mem
phis, Tenn., had not arrived at Los
Angeles on the 4th, although over
due.
It is believed at San Diego that
the Mounted Rangers' will be sent
against the Camanches on the frontier,
they having assumed a hostile atti
tude.
Tlie State at Large.
There are no features of special
interest to be gleaned from domestic
news of the past week. J. G. Bal
dwin has been sworn in as Supreme
Judge by Judge Field. The suit
of J. F. McCauley vs. the Governor,
Secretary of State, and Lieut. Got*
ernor, in the matter of taking forcible
possession of the State Prison some
time since, McCauley having a lease
of the same at the time, has been de
cided against the Governor alone, and
a verdict rendered for damages in the
sum of $4,083. The Union says,
“ treble damages being allowed in
such cases, the total amount in which
the Governor remains held is $12,-
249.” Quite a largo number of
towns throughout the State celebrated
the success of the Atlantic cable.——
The California College celebrated its
fourth anniversary at Oakland, Oct,
2d. A company is being organ
ized to construct a line of telegraph
between Napa and Vallejo. The
money has been nearly raised.—
The San Jose Telegraph brags that
the late Fair in Santa Clara county
was “ the best display of the kind
ever held in the State.” The San
Francisco Bulletin gives the total
passenger arrivals at that port during
the third quarter of 1858, at 11,901,
of which 1,769 were women and
children ; and the total departures at
3,568 —showing an excess of arrivals
ot 8,438. It deems this figure be
low the the truth, as the Panama
steamers have lately brought up a
much larger number of passengers
each trip than they are permitted by
law to carry, and the Custom House
reports are made to conform to the
legal allowance. David C. Brod*
erick has started across the Plains.
The new wagon in which he was trav
eling broke all to pieces about 25
miles beyond Placerville. Anoth
er Overland Mail has arrived safely
at Placerville. The overland immi
gration is coming in at the same place.
The Sacramento Union is in
formed that Swan & Co., have com
menced suit against the Overland
Mail Co., for $50,000, for an alleged
interest in the contract. The pa
pers from different portions of the
mining regions continue to chronicle
successful instances of fruit culture.
The Petaluma folks, according
to the Journal , are soon to have at
bell weighing 1,200 pounds for the-
Baptist Church in that place. They
will then have three bells swinging.
One Almy, a ship captain, ha*
been fined SIOO for violation of the
stamp act in receiving gold dust for
shipment to the east without making
use of stamp paper for the bill of la
ding. John C. Langton has sold
his interest in the Sierra Citizen to
King, Ham, and Wright. The
Golden Gate took away only 350“
passengers, and $1,850,120.57 in
treasure.——On board the steamer
Bragdon a man was lately shot. A
folded copy of the Bulletin , which
was in his pocket, saved his life. A
copy of the same paper once caused
a man to lose his life. The San
Francisco mint has closed for the pur
pose of making the annual settlement.
During the past month it coinedsl,'»
039,000.——The Howard Benevo
lent Association of Sacramento have
relieved 243 persons since last Janu
ary, at a cost of $1,675.99. Twer*-
ty-threo adults, with their children,
have been sent to their friends and
acquaintances in different parts of th*
State; and many orphans have been
sent to asylums or found a home in
families. During the last week ef
September 50 persons left San Fran
cisco by sea, for Fraser river, and
745 returned. The whole stock
of fireworks belonging to a San Fran
cisco pyrotechnist accidentally ignited
and went off together last Friday,
says the Bulletin , the house being
burst and consumed by the explosion.
The value of real estate and
personal property in Sacramento
county is $12,085,545.75, which
yields an aggregate revenue to the
State, city, and county of $307,824,
16. The amount of land within the
county limits ns 589,240 acres, of
which 222,570 acres are covered by
Mexican grants. 170 gallons of ex
cellent wine have been made in the
same county, and some from the wild
grape; whilst lager beer is manufac
tured to the extent of 410,800 gal*
lons per annum. Gov. Weller has
issued a proclamation ordering an
election to be held on the 6th day of
November, for the purpose of filling
the vacancy occasioned by ihe death
of Wm. I. Ferguson. The town
of Columbia consumes monthly 17,-
355 newspapers and magazines. «
There are claimed in Placer county,
for agricultural purposes, 400,000 t
acres of land; one-fourth is fenced*

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