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THE HYDRAULIC PRESS, la Published every Saturday-, Bv AVERY & WATERS. B. P. AVERT, TH. W. WATERS. North San Juan, Nevada Co., Cal Terms. ■One Tear $5 0® Sue Months 3 00 Thru Months 8 00 Single Copies *5 gy-All papers will be stopped at the end of the term •paid, unless renewed by the subscriber. A.dLvortisins« Ote square of twelve Hues, one insertion $3 00 ICach subsequent insertion 1 30 X liberal deduction made to regular monthly and quar terly advertisers. Adv rtisements may be changed •nee a month without extra charge. 49TAU advertising must be paid for in Advance. 9*013 Printing. We have in connection with the Newspaper, a Job Oillce, complete in all its departments, and capable of ■executing every description of Job Work with neatness accurac y and dispatch, upon the most reasonable terms. «*.VO WORK DELIVERED UNTIL PAID FOR PROFESSIONAL CARDS. R. H. FARQTTFIAR, JUSTICE of the PEACE, BRIEGEPORT Township. Office, on Flume »t., 2 doors from Main street, San Juan. 1 ti O. P. STIDGEB, Attorney at hw, notary public and Conveyancer. Office on the north 3ide of Main street, one door west of Seawell 4 Son’s store, opposite the Pioneer. NORTH SAN JUAN. Nov. Vi, 1857. 11m TS. F. ANDERSON, W«. H. MVRTI.V ANDERSON & M4RTIN, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Office, corner of Commercial and Pine streets, near the Court House, NEVADA CITY. lOtf ■ BNRT MEREDITH THOMAS T. HAWLEY MEREDITH & HAWLEY, *tt«rneys at Law, NEVADA CITY. CAL. 15 3m M. W. TAMT DAVID BtLDE.V BGLftEI & TAIT, ATTORNEYS At tAW, Particular attention given to prncuringG. S.T.and War rants for persons by Military service entitled to the same. 0m«...N0 4. second story of Alban’s Brick Building, Corner Broad and Pine streets. NEVADA. 21 hTASTON BUCKNER, C. Wl iJN HILL . BUCKVE & & HILL, HAVING associated themselves together in the practice of the Law, will attend promptly to all business confided to their care iu Nevada aud adjoining ■counties. Orncs—ln Kelsey's Brick Building, Commercial Btreet. Neva IA. April 8, 1853. 21 3m y. B. m’CONNCLT., A.C NILES. IffcCOWELL & NILES, Attorneys and Counsellors at haw, Will practice in all the Courts of the 14th Judicial Dis trict, and in the Supreme Court. Office —Kidd's Brick Building, up stairs. 21 3ni HE ARY W. JOHNSTON, PHYSICIAN, SURGEON & ACCOUCHEUR, HAVING selected North San Juan as a permanent home for himself and family, would most respect fully tender his professional services to the citizens of this village, and the people in general. An experience of 23 years successful practice—the last 6 years in Cali fornia —inspire him with full Confidence of being able to give entire satisfaction to those who may give him their patronage. • His office is on Main street, neorly opposite E. V, Hatfield’s store, San Juan, where he cm be found at all times when not professionally absent. Oct. 12, lssB. 9 3m WM. EICHELKOTH, German Physician and Accoucheur, (Drutscijft ftrjt.) '*3_Rf«idence, corner Flume and San Francisco streets, 105m* North. San du&n. B. S. OLDS, HI. D., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON---OFFICE, at Moore’s Hotel, Moore’s Flat. 4tf BUSINESS CARDS. J. IS. FULLER, Expressman and general agent. Runs a Daily Express from Vamptonvllle to Galena Hill, Young's Hill, Indi an Hill, Indian Valley, and Railroad Hill. California Dailies and Weeklies, and Atlantic papers ahd periodicals delivered promptly Agent for the Kydr unite Press. 49~ColIections made. GEORGE THEALL, Expreiiman and General Agent. Runs a Daily Express from Torest City to Alleghanytown, Chips* Flat and Minnesota. v A»-C*lift>rnia and Atlantic Newspapers and Magazines • PS hand and delivered to order.“g3h «-Agent for THE HYDRAULIC PRESS, J 7W. SULLIVAN’S great pacific emporium, AND General Agency of Periodical Literature , AND SOT.E AGENT f >r •‘THE CALIFORNIA TRUE DELTA” California Boston Journal. Missouri Republican, Cin nßßfltti Commercial, N. Y. Courier des Slots Unis, New York Herald. Tribune and Timet. Ac., 4c., 4c. WASBIRdTON BTBKT, NEXT TO THE POST OFFICE, San Francisco. CHARLES W. YOUNG. MANUFACTURER OF OnliforniA «T owelry ; watchmaker, And Dealer in Pine -Watches, Jewelry, Diamond- Work, Ac. Junction of Main and Commercial streets, NEVADA. I Nevada, April Bth, 1868. 213 m PAIR GOLD SCALES, 90 OUNCES 7capacity, for sale cheap at FRANCHERE’S Book and Variety Store. FOUND! „• North San Jnau, a pocket-book, containing son dry notes drawn In favor of Wm. H. Taylor. The owner can have the seme by calling at this office ( paying cost of advertising. THE HYDRAULIC PRESS. SALOONS & LIQUOR STORES. BILLIARDS, 25 CTS. A GAME! San Juan Exchange C. SCHARDIN & CO., HAVING purchased the Intercut of John Woods in the above San Jnan Exchange,and made large additions and improvements, the Saloon now compares favorably with any in the Mountains. Three Billiard Tables, In first-rate order—two of them new Marble Beds and equal to any in the State. The wood bed is the fa vorite of the place. It is the intention offhe proprietor to use every exer tion to make the Exchange the favorite resort of all seekers of healthy pleasurable exercise. THE BAR will be furnished with the very best WI\ES A\D LIQUORS To be had in the San Francisco Market, and no pains will be spared to make everything pleasant and attrac tive. 10 Largest Stock in the Mountains. Pioneer Liquor Store. WHOLESALE and RETAIL. OPPOSITE frank smith’s tin shop, main street. THE subscriber having refitted and. refurnished the above store, is now prepared with a large and complete stock of Wines, Liquors, Ale and Porter of the best quality, and at as Low Prices, Wholesale or Retail, as they can be bought l>elo 10. bothin Quantity and Quality. All orders promptly attended to, and Goods de livered free of charge. CALIFORNIA WINE, OREGON CIDER, and a variety of choice beverages, always on hand and for sale by the case, bottle or glass. The Pioneer Liquor Store is one of the oldest estab lishments of the kind in this vicinity, and the proprie tor expects by close attention to business, to create for it an increased popularity. D. KRAFT. North Sau Juan, April 2d. 1858. 20mytf Fine Old Brandies C. E. HELFRICH, Soda Water Manufacturer, DEALER IX FINE BRANDIES, [Wines, Ale, Porter Ac. Brandies, of the following brands : Old Sazerac, Otard, Jules, Robin 4 Co., United Vine yards, Martel le, Champaigfce, Otard, 4c., At. Philadelphia and Holland Gin, Old Tom, Santa Cruz and Jamaica Rum, Monongahela, Bourbon. Iris£, and Scotch Whiskey: Ileidsick, Schfeider and Morizette Champaigne; Fort. Sherry, Ginger, Hock. Sauterne Claret Wines. Assorted Case Liquors, and SYRUPS. His extensive stock is now complete in every depart ment, And will be offered at the most Reasonable Prices. San Jiian North, Nov. IV, 1867. [1 3m] C. SCHARDIN & CO., Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Wines, Liquors, Cigars and Tobacco. Also— a general assortment of FRESH AND DRIED FRUITS, And Confectionery. This cool and delicious hevebfege is kept on baud du ring the suniinc, muuiuo. SOUTH SIDE OF MA.N STREET. North San Juan, Nov. 17, 1857. [1 tf ] n o o u s: BOOKS FOR THE MILLION. J. E. UAMLIX, No. 53 Broad street, corner Pine, NEVADA. Has just received the largest and best as . sorted stock of Books and Stationery, Musical Instruments, cutlery, gold pens, fancy goods,toys &c., ever brought to thecßy of Nevada, which will bo sold at Wholesale and Retail Cheaper than the Cheapest! My stock consists in part of a mod assortment of Law Medical. Historical, Poetical. Miscellaneous, Masonic Works, Catholic Piety, and School Books of every vari ety. Any quantity cf Christmas Presents, Valentines, 4c , for the Holidays. New and improved Diaries, and Daily Journals, for 1858. A variety of sizes for the pocket and Counting Room. CHEAP PUBLICATIONS. A circulating Library of 1,000 volumes, new, and in good order, ami I am constantly receiving the latest and most desirable works published, direct from New York and Philadelphia. Magazines. Periodicals, News papers. 4c from all parts of the Globe. Steamer papers anil California Weeklies, neatly put up for mailing—Postage Free. It is useless for me to try to enumerate the endless variety of everything. And I Will say I have as good an assortment as can be found this side of San Francis co. Persons wishing anythingin mv line of business will save money by calling on me before purchasing else where. Onv Motto la We Strive to Please. 21 3m J. E. HAMLIN. GALVANIZED IRON 116.5 E. THE subscriber is now prepared to manufacture Galvanized Iron Hose, for miners' use, of superior quality and manufacture, at the lowest rates. He has a quantity of Iron and Bands on hand, and can fill or ders at short notice. Call, or send orders to the Tin 4 Hardware store. Main street. F. SMITH. North San Jnan. March 5, ’5B. 16tf To Miners. WE are prepared furnish any articles not usual ly kept in the stores in this place at TWO DAYS NOTICE ; such as Auvils, Blocks, Ropes, Pulleys, Hose, and every article wanted. PECK 4 COLEY rU'T RE* EIVED—A LARGE LOT OF POWDER, 3 PECK 4 COLET. CHAIRS, Bedsteads, Bedding 4c., [1 tf j For sale by PECK 4 COLEY. NEW LOT of HARD WARE, Ac. .just received. 16t F. SMITH. OS EGON and CALIFORNIA HAM* ad Bseews at 3« PEOK 4 COLBTW NORTH SAN JUAN, NEVADA CO., CAL., SATURDAY, NOV. 6,185 a [Original^ OLD LETTERS. BT PAUL PURL. Came they from sinner or from saint, Cast them in, for the Are is faint; The fire is faint, and the frost is strong. And these old letters have lived too long. How welcome once it matters not: •Their worth away with time has sped, The love is over, the hope is dead, And the old friend has forgot. [Harpers’ Weekly. “ Cast them in! ” —I will first look o’er Tbsse dearer pages than classic lore, And scan the feelings which moved my heart As I earnestly vowed I ne'er would part With these letters from friends of yore: The package is large, I will hasten through, As one hurried glance at each will do— “ Then, “old letters,” your time is o’er. “Cast them In I ” whose are these that I raise? Ah yes! frefm a friend of my achool-boy days, Whose laughing black eyes in m'y thoughts I see, As in school they beamed with mischievous glee Whet the master’s back was turned. ’Tis long since he wrote Cut a line would be Sufficient to kindle his love for me As brightly as ever it burned. These lines were traced by a father’s hand To bis wandering son in a distant land, And I ween his heart whs filled with cars As he penned—“ Beware of the tempter’s snare! Stand firm whennhe trial is ‘near! ” Though I oft have yielded and wantonly strayed, Yet as often my steps has this talisman stayed As I turned with a penitent tear. These few. long hid in a corner lay. Though I calmly rest, as I read to-day. Yet memories sad with these sheets entwine » The heart that inspired them nnee was mine, And T dreamed such love would last I But, no matter—’tis past: the dream is o’er : I have wakened, and now shall dream no mote This vision of the past. How sweet these lines from mv sister dear. Bright gushines of love from a fountain clear, As she pleads with mo fondly—“ Cease to roam, For anxious hearts now await thee at homo In their circle to take thy part; Bring poverty, sickness, wealth or fame, — Bring, better than all. a stainless name, And a loving and trusting heart.” Be still my heart! ’Tis the spell of years. And purest love that bringeth these tears. Dear mother! perhaps thine eyes were dim. And shook thy hand while writing to him Thou callest “ My first-born boy 1” Though blotted the page, all thy wealth of love Shinesclear in each line asthe stars above, And it yields me the purest joy. “Cast them in! ” I have traveled long and far, And these letters have been my Northern star; When weary, how oft my head I've p ressed On these “ old letters,” to seek for rest And to dream of the “ old time past! ” And I'll “ cast them in”—when this heart is cold As the granite cliffs of these mountains old Wheifithey feel the wintry blast. Cherokee, Oct. 26th, 115 S. “Shylock” and the Jews.— Shakespeare wrote for royalty, nobil ity and the times. A desire to please the reignin'! sovereigns induced the “ O “ perversion of historical characters which, thus, undeservedly calumnia ted by the genius of the poet, have descended to posterity as objects of aversion. Thus have we been taught to hate Macbeth. Richard 111, and “Shylock,” the Jew, as the repre sentative of his people, notwlthstands ing profane and sacred writers teach that “Shylock” is a monatrocity of implacability, duplicity and attrocious revenge, and not a fair exponent of his nationality. True, his people had been persecuted and driven out from among nations, like Cain, with the curse of a stupendous murder upon them; but in estimating the Jewish character, we must remember Jona than, and t)avid, and Isaiah, who, whatever may be doubted of the in spiration of the scriptures, are be lieved to be historical personages.— We must not forget the more than brother’s fidelity of the first, the forbearance of David when he found his persecutor asleep and spared his life, nor the Godlike prophecies of the Hebrew poet Isaiah, than whom no mortal bas'ever uttered more sublime sentences of poetic inspiration. , [ Trinity Journal. Angels in odr Pathway —Over on yonder hill-side, where the grey slope stretches off from the neat white school-house toward the southern sun, the happy shouts of twenty or thirty little children at play, greet the passer’s ear. They are the violets and primrose brood of human life,who catch their youthful impulses from the brightening skies and gentle breezes of the spring. Everywhere they are welcome; in all climes they wear the same glowing, hopeful, gol den colors of eye and soul; bat here, in the vanishing deserts, and still brooding solitudes of these mountains, where manhood has so long been sep arated from the joys of family and home, they are indeed, angels in our pathway.—Aw Andrea* Indepen dent. Advice of An Aztec Mother to her Daughter. The following admirable passage, which illustrates the antiquity of good manners, is part of an original trans lation from Sahagun’s “Historia de Nueva Espano” which is given in the Appendix to Prescott’s uCon quest of Mexico.” As the historian of Cortez remarks, “It is the product of the twilight of civilisation,” hav ing been written upwards of three centuries ago; but it is no less worthy the regard of the maidens of 10-day than of that ancient Mexican girl who receivedit from her mother when this continent was to the old one a land unknown. The Aztec matron first assures her ‘•beloved daughter,” her “very dear little dove” of her affection, earnestly charges her to observe the advice of her father, and then counsels her as follows, concluding at much length on the beauty and necessity of a chaste and holy life; Take care that your garments are such as are decent and proper ; and observe that you do not adorn your self with much finery, since this is a mark of vanity and folly. As little becoming is it, that your dress should be very mean, dirty, or ragged; since rags are a mark of the low, and of those who are held in contempt. Let your clothes be becoming and neat, that you may neither appear fantastic nor mean. When you speak, do not hurry your words from uneasiness,hut speak deliberately and calmly. Do not raise your voice very high, nor speak very low, but in a moderate tone. Neither mince, when you speak,nor when you salute, nor speak through your nose: but let your words be proper, of a good sound, and your voice gentle. Do not be nice in the choice of your words. In walking, my daughter, see that you behave becomingly, neither going with haste, nor too slowly; since it is an evidence of being puffed up, to walk too slowly, and walking hastily causes a vicious habit of restlessness and instability. Therefore neither walk very fast, nor very slow; yet, when it shall be necessary to go with haste, do so, —in this use your dis cretion. And when you may be ob liged to jump over a pool of water, do it with decency, that you may nei ther appear clumsy nor light. When you are in the street, do not carry your head much inclined, or your body bent> nor as little go with your head very much raised; since it is a mark of ill breeding; walk erect, and with your head slightly inclined. Do not have your mouth Covered, or your face, from shame, nor go looking like a near-sighted person, nor, on your way, make fantastic movements with your feet- Walk through the street quietly, and with propriety.— Another thing that you must attend to, my daughter, is, that, when you are in the street, you do not go look ing hither and thither, nor turning your head to look at this and that; walk neither looking at the skies, nor on the ground. Do not look upon those whom you meet with the eyes of an offended person, nor have the appearance of being uneasy ; but of one who looks upon all with a serene countenance; doing this, you will give no one occasion of being offended with you. Show a becoming coun tenance; that you may neither appear morose, nor, on the other hand, too complaisant. See, my daughter,that you give yourself no concern about the words you may hear, in going through the street, nor pay any re gard to them, let those who come and go say what they will. Take care that you neither answer nor speak, but act as if you neither beard nor understood them; since, doing in this manner, no one will be able to say with truth that you have said any thing amiss. See, likewise, my daughter, that you never paint youi face, or stain it or your lips with col ors, in order to appear well; since this is a mark of vile and unchaste women. JKg-The world makes us talkers but solitude makes us thinkers. THE HYDRAULIC PRESS Sour Grapes. The man who seeks wealth with no definite idea of employing it for an unselfish purpose, is a slave. Wealth is the Moloch to which he sac rifices nearly all that is noble in his hature. And for what, after all, does he do this ? Because it will bring him friends, a home, and the Comforts which make home pleasant ? Be cause wealth will prolong the echo of his name a few days longer than bis body remains above the ground ? No, for if be secures these it is by other means than excessive wealth. It is the poor man of a kind heart, bis band gently touching all little heads as he passes along, after whom all the dogs and children fondly run, and adults cast good-natured glances. It is the doer of useful deeds that is gratefully remembered after death, in spite of what, in moods of misan thropy, or by disappointed men may be said to the contrary. Many a little hut by tho roads de now shelters humble benefactors who will be em balmed in grateful hearts through many generations after names now great “on ’change” are forgotten. If a man dies old and rich, it is pre sumptive evidence against him. One may have the misfortune to die be fore he was able to expend usefully the liches which were accumulated with a laudable motive; and the pos sihility of this is hi* sufficient de fence. But to die a wealthy octoge narian'—what defence does this admit? borne one observed when John Quin cy Adams paid the debt of nature, fiat nothing could be urged to his disadvantage, except that he died worth some thousands of So it is that, at the all-swallowing grave, the glitter of a man’s riches will ob scure for a time the milder radiance of his good deeds ; but those will blossom for him above the sod, and attract reverent feet to the spot where he lies, long after his wealth is forgiv en him. “ Or ly the actions of the just Smell sweet and Mess m in the dust.” Thus Strides Empire.— The P. M. General advertises for proposals for conveying the mails of the United States over six different routes cen tering at Salt Lake City in Utah.— The aggregate length of these routes is between 700 and 800 miles. They traverse a country lying midway be tween the extremes of civilization on each side of the continent, and a country which was # unknown to the world within our own memory. fl@“The Philadelphia Bulletin has an exchange list of “one thousand newspapers from every spot where newspapers are pubilshed.” Steam vs. Rowdyism. —The Phi ladelphia folks have discovered that steam fire engines are the only things that will kill the “killers” and reform the fire department. They will have at least twelve of these powerful ma chines in less than a year. They work admirably in Cincinnati. Where Truth may he found is thus quaintly told by Charles Lamb in a “ Curious Fragment,” which ho wrote in imitation of Robert Burton : “ If Very Truth be extant indeed on earth, as some hold she it is which actuatek men’s deeds, purposes, ye may in vain look for her in the learn ed universities, balls, colleges. Truth is no doctresse, she takes no degrees at Paris or Oxford, amongst great clerks, disputants, subtile Aristutles, men no dosi ingenii , able to take lully by the chin , but oftentimes to such an one as myself, an Idiota or common person, no great things , melancho lizing in woods where waters are, quiet places by rivers, fountains; whereas the silly man expecting no such matter, thinketh only bow best to delectate and refresh bis mind con tinually with Nature , her pleasant scenes, woods, waterfalls, or Art, her stately gardens, parks, terraces, Bel videres, on a sudden the goddess her self Truth has appeared, with a shi ning light, and a sparkling counte nance, so as ye may not be able lightly to resist her.” NUMBER 12. A Pioneer Gone. Thomas 0. Larkin died on the 27th ult., at San Francisco. He came to this country from Boston in 1832, before Sntter arrived here, married, it is said, the first American female who ever settled in California, and the children born of this marriage were the first Americans of unmixei blood born in California. For about twelve years he engaged in commercial pursuits at Monterey, carrying on a considerable export trade. He was the first and last American consul in this country, and occupied other public positions. When Fremont arrived here in 1846, Larkin took a very prominent and active part in securing California to the possession of our government. Ho subsequently sent east very full and reliable accounts of the gold covery, and was one of the formers of our State Constitution. Recently he has not been known to the majori ty of Californias except as a larg* land holder. The Sacramento Union-, from which paper these particular* are gathered, remarks that “ his hon orable efforts in aid of our flag, and in planting the first of our institution* on this coast, will bo remember ed when his large possessions of land and his singleness of devotion in later years to the accumulation of wealth shall have been forgotten.” But thi* last sentence is very unjust if we may believe the editor of the Evening Telegram, who seems to have known Mr. Larkin, and pays the following tribute to his worth: “ Always prompt and upright in his dealings with the kind to the hon est In good and pure was Thomas 0. Larkin. His roof, it is true covered the head of a very rich man ; yet, beneath it also rested in peace and comfort, the noble soul. Indeed, the strange thought has often occurred to us that Mr. Larkin lived like one who knew there was some thing higher and better to labor for than dollars and cents.” PbRB Liquors. — A sensible writer in the Nevada National scouts at the idea that any kind of alcoholic bever* age is good for man. He says: “ Nothing is more common among people than to talk about pure liquors. They prate about them, and commend them, as if they were not only harm less, but the very elixir of life. Pure wine, pure brandy, pure whiskey. “ Oh, drink as much as you please, it won’t hurt you,”—how often do you hear it said. “The truth of it is, there is no sort of alcoholic drink, whether wine, brandy, or whiskey, but that deranges the system, disorders the vital action to a greater or less degree, induces disease, abridges happiness, and shor tens life. “ Pure liquors I” Why* you had just as well talk about purs arsenic, or pure hydrocyanic acid. Liquors, pure as they can be mads of their different varieties, drank daily in quantities sufficient to make a de* cided stimulant impression on the an imal economy, and even in quantities much less, we might venture to say is just as sure to derange the physi-* cal powers, sap the energies of the intellect, weaken the body, shorten the life, and degenerate man and his species, as a atone thrown in the aii 1 is to fall to the earth again. • * • • • “ There is too much tippling in this country among all classes, and unless stopped, the species must suffer deg* radation from it, to a greater ct less degree. Good, plain, wholesome diet, active exercise, a noblo purpose, an honest heart, a humane disposition, and a clear conscience, are the principal conditions of health and happiness on earth, and go a great way towards preparing a man for Heaven. The purest liquors are unnecessary. They are but an apology for “gentlemanly’* tippling* Let them alone* Save you* money, your body uncorrupted, and discharge your duty, like a man and a philosopher, to yourself, your spe* cies, your country and your God.” J®"Professor Agassiz thinks the creation of roses was coeval with that of the first woman —the fairest flow er and the fairest creature given to the world at the same moment.