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The hydraulic press. (North San Juan, Nev. Co., Cal.) 1858-18??, November 06, 1858, Image 2

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Signs of Progress.— The Sierra
Nevada Hotel was re-opened in first
rate style on Tuesday last by Messrs.!
Gordon & Crawford. These gentle
men have had the house plastered
and thoroughly refitted, and their |
table is not surpassed in the moun •
tains. The public are directed to
their caid in this issue of the Press.
S. Z. Ross & Co., have opened a
new and extensive assortment of
Groceries, Provisions, Miners’ Sup
plies, Crockery, and Furniture, in
the building known as the Theater.
Give the “little Drury” Store a visit.
Spero has returned from Fraser
river, and now holds forth at the Pi
oneer Saloon.
The Mines. —The Deadman ”
boys realized from their last “ clean
up ” the sum of $5,800. This
amount would havo been much ex
ceeded had they cleaned up the whole
length of their sluices.
A fourth mt3rest in the Bloomer
Cut was sold this week for $4,200,
and is said to be cheap at that price.
This company have been employed
about two years in running a tunnel
through which they could wash all
their dirt, and as it is now nearly
completed, they will soon be making
their fortunes. The top dirt on the
rim rock, on which they have been
washing along back, has paid big
Moore & Readshaw tried another
blast in their bank last week with
•atisfactory results. The hard earth
was very much cracked and shaken
up by the explosion, and now cram
bles readily under the forcible streams
of water projected against it, whereas
before it was almost impervious to
aqueous influence.
The Wyoming company are still
sinking their shaft. At last accounts
it was down 42 feet below the bench
on which they have been washing.
This makes the total depth of their
bank about 142 feet. The bed rock
is probably ten feet deeper at least,
with such an immense body of paying
dirt as this, they may reasonably look
forward to several years of profitable
School Statistics. —Through the
kindness of the Trustees we are fur
nished with the following interesting
particulars in regard to the condition
of the District School, and the num
ber of children in the township.
Bridgeport Township constitutes
School District No. 2, and contains
but one school, which is located in
this town. The total number of chil
dren in the district is 229, of which
121 are between the ages of 4 and 18,
and 108 under 4 years ; 115 are boys,
114 girls, and 130 were born in Cab*
ifornia. The number of pupils at"
tending school is only 51, out of 121
entitled to attend, the daily average
attendance being 80.
We believe there are one or two
private schools at other points in the
district, so that the number of children
receiving instruction is greater than
the above figures would indicate.
The total amount of expenditures
for school purposes during the last
12 months was sl-543.90, of which
sum $682.50 was paid to teachers,
and $861.40 consumed in the erec*
den of a school house and purchase
of books. $1,869.53 of the whole
amount of expenditures was raised
by subscription amongst the citizens
generally, the balance $174.37 being
received from the school fund.
Our little town has reason to fee)
proud of its liberality towards the
cause of education. The erection of
that school house, and the instructing
of from 30 to 50 children during the
past year are the best things we have
done. Many a tittle fellow may
emerge from- that institution to fame
and usefulness, and wiH remember
the spot where he received the germ
of his excellence long, perhaps, after
San Juan has ceased to exist.
Fine Weather. —Since the re
cent nuns ws have been blest with
the finest of weather; a clear sky
and balmy atmosphere have been onr
constant compantonsw Come up here
ye pent-up denizens of the Bay, and
for awhile enjoy the beauty of moun
tain scenery.
A Word to Old Settlers.
It is usually the case in California
towns, at least in mining towns, that
the pioneers, who go before and dis
cover the advantages, are not the
ones to reap the benefits of them.
They work hard to develop new fa
cilities for amassing wealth in which
they seldom acquire a share. This
has been the fate of the prospecting
miner and of the founder of new
towns. Shrewd fellows, who are alert
graspers of good chances, always
follow in the wake of these adventu
rous pioneers, somewhat as certain
inferior creatures follow beasts of prey
and come in for the feast which their
bravery or skill did not secure. We
confess to a liking for all sorts of pio
neers—shiftless vagabonds as they
are sometimes. They are the pre
cursors and inaugurates of civiliza
tion ; they level the walls of savage
ness which keep back empire, and
open whole continents to the interests
of humanity. The work they per
form being of such value, they should
reap an abundant crop of rewards
for themselves. We have remarked
that they seldom do this, and are
sorry for it. But it is their own fault.
These observations were begun with
the intention of saying something
very practical to the old settlers of
North San Juan. Wo wanted to tell
them that, if fortunes and homes are
to be made in this thriving village,
they are the ones who deserve them.
In short, we wanted to whisper in
their ears these words—Don’t let the
new comers get ahead of you. Every
week hereafter some strangest will
sit down amongst you —will start bu
siness in a more showy and liberal
manner, and entice customers away
from your shabby looking establish
ments. We say, welcome to all who
come, but we do not like to see the
new hands take all the wages. If
the merchants and tradesmen who are
already here want to retain their
share of public favor, they must fit
up in as good a style as is usual else
where, and not wait for others to set
the example. Several of our mer*
chants are doing an excellent business,
yet they abide contencedly in insecure
wooden houses of very homely ap
pearance. The gentlemen who lately
erected the two-story brick edifice
which adorns Main street, did more
by that to secure themselves custom
than they could have done by almost
any other plan. Such buildings, be
sides, are good recommendations for
the town, and do much to publish its
Sweetland. —This old and famous
locality, which was first settled in
1850, “ still lives ” and prospers.
Many amiable families reside there,
and several beautiful residences are
being built. The cottage of Mr.
Hiscoz is one of the most picturesque
and tasteful houses in the mountains.
The reputation of this town is not
stained by the criftaes and rowdyism
which have afflicted nearly every
other mining village. The diggings,
though rich, have not been of that
kind which would attract a large
floating population with its wild ex
cesses, being very deep and requir
ing years of patient toil to open them.
Those who have had the courage to
persevere have done well, and will do
The Buck. & Breck. claims, own
ed by Curtis & Co., have paid very
rich, and, we believe, are still pay
ing. The proprietors are now run
ning a tunnel.
Cloke & Co., and tho Last Chance
company are also running tunnels.
The Manzanita and Tennessee
companies, as also Fowler & Co., and
Moore & Hillard, have all completed
their tunnels and are washing either
with good success or the certain pros
pect of it to cheer them.
The Kentucky company have late
ly got to washing, and have struck
rich dirt. They cleaned up last
week $428 as the result of one and
a half days’ washing. The gold can
be seen in the bottom dirt, whilst a
little above, prospects of 15 cents to
the pan can be obtained.
On Buckeye Hill, which is across
the creek from Sweetland, there are
several companies at work, and doing
well. Hitchcock & Lewis, Evans &
Co., and Evans & Dannab, are all
running in tunnels. The bed rock is
micaceous slate and sand stone, and
is comparatively soft and easily cut
or blasted.
In addition to the claims enumera
ted, there are many others around
the village of Sweetland with which
we are not familiar, some of which
are open and paying, and others not
jet worked.
Along the creek there are several
extensive Tail Sluices—that of the
Clark Brothers being at least 2,000
feet long, and valued a little time
ago at upwards of $5,000. The
Tail Sluice of Winham, McDowell
and Ewing is elsewhere noticed at
The hills on each side of Sweetland
Creek are mostly composed of the
rocks named above. These have fre
quent veins of excellent looking quartz
cropping from them, some of which
must contain gold in remunerative
quantities. It should bo tested by
all means. If it is really auriferous
it will add largely to the permanence
and success ef the place.
Bank Blasting ” is recom
mended by a writer in the San An
dreas Independent , as a great labor
saving mode of mining in deep dig
gings. He says he is satisfied from
some experiments, that he has made
on a small scale, “ that «ix hundred
pounds of powder, properly placed
and confined, will loosen more dirt
than the labor of six men, with the
tools now in use, will do in one month,
while the expense attending is greatly
in favor of the powder. The latter
will cost, say, $165; the labor and
tools of six men will cost, at least,
$5O0 —leaving $335 in favor of the
powder, besides costing a great deal
less for water to run the same amount
of drift off.”
The idea of applying blasting to
mining in deep banks is not original
with the Independent's correspondent,
nor is his the only experiment. The
blasting process has been tried in this
vicinity for a number of weeks past,
and the general results have been
carefully noted from time to time in
the “Press.” Its value as an aid to
the miner in procuring a supply of
dirt for washing has been fully proven
and accurately stated. Instead of
piping, or picking, at a hard bank of
earth for perhaps more than half the
time, he can now keep his boxes run
ning full of dirt constantly , at a great
saving of time and money and labor.
The great desideratum with miners
has long been to obtain an uninter
rupted supply of dirt at as small a cost
for labor as possible; the application
of blasting appears so far to meet this
want. It is being extensively tested
in these diggings, and so far has not
failed in a single instance to realize
the hopes of the experimenters. Sev
eral companies have already adopted
it as a regular and indispensable part
of their mining operations, and in our
opinion its use is destined to be com
mon throughout the State. There
are no arguments needed to convince
anybody of the fact that the explosion
of confined powder will displace
mases of earth; we only want to ex
periment and ascertain the best modes
of applying this fact to the purposes
of the gold miner. The press through
out the entire mining region ought to
call special attention to the subject.
It merely needs to bo generally men*
tioned to be generally tested. The
universal introduction of blasting as
a means of procuring dirt, will work
a great gain not only to the miners
themselves but to the State. It will
make profitable a large quantity of
ground which is not now worked for
the reason that its excessive hardness
prevents a sufficient supply being ob
tained by ordinary methods except at
a greater cost than the total yield.
But the miners ought to use elec*-
tricity to fire their blasts, as well in
rock tunnels as in banks, instead of
fuse. It would be much cheaper in
the long run, and would prevent that
dreadful loss of life and limb which
saddens the mining record of every
The Beautiful in Nature. —
About this, with pleasure, we often
read but seldom take the trouble to
enjoy. What could be more pleasant,
how could time be more profitably
passed, and what could more tend to
the refinement of the feelings of our
innermost soul, now so sadly roughen
ed by contact with the business-world,
whose only idea is—wealth—the curse
of mankind, because it leads on to
luxury—than to take a trip to the
mountains, where may be breathed
pure air, which shall expand the dust
filled lungs of those of cities, and in
vigorate the system; where too may
be seen the stately pine, gracefully
swaying to and fro with the breeze,
whose music shall enliven the care'
worn, and whose plumed top, as it
rises high rote the ethereal blue of the
heavens, reminding one of the God
who in mercy has thus created in
beauty surrounding nature for the
humblest to enjoy ?
Tbe Grizzly Ditcb.
This well-known property has been
sold to the Miner’s Ditch Company
for $48,000, being at the rate of sl,-
000 per share. This ditch was com
menced by Messrs. Pettibone, Marsh,
and Stuart in November, 1851, and
runs from Grizzly Canon and Bloody
Run to Cherokee, a distance of 18 or
20 miles. It was completed to Cher
okee in the summer of 1852, at a
cost of about $38,000, and gave that
town an immediate impetus and im
portance by the introduction of water
to the surrounding diggings. Branch -
es were extended to San Juan and
French Corral the following year at
an additianal expense of about $12,-
000. The extension to San Juan,
not long after the discovery of the
diggings by Nathaniel Harrison, gave
the place its first substantial com
mencement and led to the develop
ment of the mineral riches surround
ing it, and ultimately to the construc
tion of the Middle Yuba Canal, which
first introduced a constant supply of
water in June, 1850.
The reservoir which is still in use
on the south side of the town, and the
old flume which now crosses Main
street, were both constructed by the
Grizzly company.
The French Corral branch of the
Grizzly Ditch, from San Juan down,
was sold to Pollard & Co., in 1855,
for $6,000, and in 1857 the branch
from Cherokee to this place was
bought by the Middle Y r uba company
for SIO,OOO.
For the last two years the Grizzly
Ditch has paid remarkably well,
yielding a dividend of SSOO per an
num to the share, in view of which
fact the price at which it was sold may
be deemed very advantageous to
buyers. The old Grizzly company
was always popular amongst the mi
ners, and the above facts in regard to
its history will prove interesting to
a large number of old residents who
still abide on the Ridge.
The ditch of the Miners’ Ditch
Company, who now own the Grizzly,
was commenced in the spring of 1855,
to bring water from the Middle Y r uba
to the diggings at Snow Point, Or
leans, Moore’s, and Woolsey’s Flats,
and was completed we believe during
the following year. It will now be
able to supply Cherokee with water
the whole year round, and that town,
encompassed as it is by rich and ex
tensive diggings, will soon renew its
youth and enter upon a long season of
general prosperity.
The facts given in this brief article
forcibly illustrate the beneficent re
sults which flow from the investment
of capital in ditch enterprises.
The Village on the Hill.
The character of a people is often judged
by the manner in which they treat their
dead. Generally, the more tender and de
cent the mode of disposing of those who
“have lived,” the more refined do wo infer
the character of the living to be.
A reverential respect for the dead, wheth
er they went out with their pale faces from
the circle of our own homes or not, indicates
the possession of sensibility and proves the
deathlessness of affection.
Judged by this standard what must be the
character of our village ? There is no need
to dilate upon the cause of these remarks,
for every one knows it already ; the thing
needed is to remove it. Of course, it makes
no difference to the dead whether the moul
dy roofs of their last homes are protected
from the thousand leveling accidents which
threaten them or not.
It makes no difference to them, whether
grass grows, and trees wave,and roses bloom
above their graves or not. But it makes a
difference to the living. It pleasantly flat
ters the self love of the quick to know that
the spot where their decaying bodies must
lie will be jealously guarded and held sa
cred. It is a delightful reflection that the
place of our eternal repose will, by its beau
ty, attract a few souls to communion with
their better selves. Let us make our grave
yard on the hill a sacred spot aud a lovely
jO"Gravelling the street will not cost much,it
appears. The improvement to which wo alluded
last week cost from $l7 to $39 to each bouse
concerned in it, and wuuld cost not to exceed $25
on an average if extended to the upper part of
Main street.
The paving need not be so deep as at the foot
of the street, for * eious reasons, and can ba
much quicker doc*. Some grading is required,
but the ground is soft enough from the recent
rain to render that a comparatively easy task
It will be shameful if another winter is allowed
to pass without the main street being paved,wben
the moans to that end are so cheap and conveu
Vicious Cow —Dr. Eicbelrotb’s little girl
playfully shook her hands at a cow the other day,
whereupon the animal tossed her a considerable
distance, but fortunately without injuring her.
The cow’s horn apparently caught under the
waistband of the sweet child’s frock, and did not
happen to hurt her person in the least.
“ A judicious silence is always better than
truth spoken without charity.”
In spite of the thoroughly careful and
systematic manner in which hydraulic mining
is pursued in this vicinity—in spite of the
great lengths of sluice boxes employed, am
ounting to many hundreds of feet, and the
use of quicksilver, and all the ingenious ap
pliances for arresting the precious metal,
such as false bottoms of wooden or granite
blocks, and the many kinds of riffles—though
the latter are mostly discarded nbw, —a large
portion of gold will escape, going to the en
richment of ravine and river channels. It is
asserted by some that at least one-half the
gold originally contained in the earth is lost
to the parties who do the first washing. Whe
ther this be correct or not, the amount which
escapes is really very great. There are ma
ny reasons for this loss, the principal one of
which is the conceded impossibility of saving
all the gold even under the most favorable
circumstances, by reason of the extreme
lightness of much of it. The loss is greater
in the diggings surrounding San Juan than
it would otherwise be on account of the stone
like hardness of some of the earth, which
rattles in lumps along the sluices, and passes
off, a great deal of it, undissolved, with all
its auriferous particles. Strata of pipe clay
are also found, and the pieces of tb s as they
roll along are supposed to pick up gold and
steal off with it. To remove these causes tf
loss as much as possible the miners long ago
concluded the best plan was to have a great
length of sluice, it being reasonably sup
posed that the more friction and soaking the
difficultly soluble earth was subjected to the
less of it would escape undissolved. But at
he end of the longest sluices the tailings, as
the washed gravel and dirt are called after
they leave the boxes, are found to contain
gold in considerable quantities. These tail
ings accumulate in ravines, and hollows, and
on hillsides in deep banks, though the larg
est portion of them find their way to the riv
er channels and go down to impede the nav
igation of the Yuba. Where the nature of
the ground admits of it they are conducted
through another and longer set of sluices,
which are generally laid in sections, each
section being lower by many feet than the
preceding one, thus occasioning a succession
of falls plunging down which the stubborn
cement is crumbled in a great degree and
made to yield its treasures. S metimes it
‘Slacks” on exposure to the a;r, an 1 when
reconducied into boxes dissolves readily.—
This re-washing of escaped dirt constitutes
what is termed tail-sluicing, and has become
a very important branch of mining in this
district. The tailings are thus collected and
submitted to a second washing sometimes >y
those from whose claims they ran but more
frequently and systematically by other par
ties who purchase the right to them either
for a given period or in perpetuity.
The tailings of several d ffertnt sets of
claims commonly fiud a vent down the same
declivity or into the same ravine, and ate
then collecte 1 into one set of boxes, the wa
ter needed to wash them flowing with them
from the diggings.
Not unfrequtntly the tailings wh'ch 9 >w
into ravines or small water courses are kept
sluiced down to a uniform shallowness by
the natural action of running streams, and
as much of the gold remains behind, they
often prove to be richer than the original de
posits from which they came. The chief ex
pense the proprietors of tail-sluices have to
incur is the cost of constructing and keeping
in repair their flumes, for when these are
once completed one or two men can general
ly attend them, no labor being necessary but
in occ sionally cleaning up and repairing or
extending. We do not know the number of
tail-sluces which are running in this vicinity,
but it is considerable.
The most extensive one is owned by W in
ham, McDowell & Ewing. It is situated on
Sweetland Creek—which empties into the
North Yuba some two miles or more below
this tbwn—and is really an enterprise o
considerable magnitude. The flume is laid
along the bed of the creek below the town of
Sweetland. It is constructed of inch and a
half and inch and a quarter lumber, consis s
cf two parallel sets of boxes which are laid
snugly side by side, and each of which is four
and a half feet wide by two and a half deep,
making a total width of nine feet, supported
on heavy posts and stringers, and banked in
solidly on either side by gravel, which has
been allowed to rise to a level with the flume,
for the purpose of anchoring it, by means of
dams here and there. The total length of
flume is about 1,500 feet, 600 feet of which
are laid through a tunnel which pierces a
point of land, thus saving a considerable
distance; and the total cost is stated at from
$12,000 to $14,000. At one place a point of
land has been out down and washed off, re
vealing indisputable evidences of a slide at
some remote period. Large cedars were
found entire under the mass of rock and
earth, and on being chopped proved to be in
a tolerably sound condition, though in the
first stages of that transformation which
converts them, under the influence doubtless
of sulphurous acid and iron, into a black
mass resembling charcoal, and which curls
up in dry smooth chips on being exposed to
the air. The face of the excavation is veined
with oxide of iron which colors the soil ex
cept toward the bed-rock—consisting of
slate—where it is of a blueish lead color,hea
vily impregnated with sulpburet of iron, and
giving eff on exposure the peculiar offensive
odor of sulphuretted hydrogen.
On the surface of this slide are growing
larger trees than are buried beneath it. The
fallen mass was evidently once supported on
the brow of the ridge above by a projecting
cliff of slate and mica schist, huge fragments
of which are seen in the slide and lying
above the buried cedars. But we ara di-
from the subject of the flume. The
h»t section of it is laid at the base of a per
pendicular cliff of rock close to the river
bank. This cliff is at least 125 feet high,and
at its summit has been worn in twenty feet
by the action of the water, leaving a half
circle.wh ose two points hold in their grasp
an itumci se boulder, behind which, as into a
huge vessel, leaps the roaring cataract of
chocolate-colored water and stones, sending
forth its! muddy spray and icy breath as it
leaps,and at one plunge striking the worn,
slimy granite below.
The lumber for the flume at this place was
lowered down with ropes from above a dist
ance of six hundred feet; and the bight of
the ridge above the river is probably about
one thousand feet.
Taken altogether, this point is wild and
picturesque. Its thundering cataract of
rocky mud, the overhanging boulder suspen
ded above the spectator's head as if a petri
fied Titan held it there, and the precipitesn
mountains towering above the river on every
hand clad with moaning pines, combine to
leave upon the mind an impression of awe
and yet a sense of keen enjoyment.
The enterprising gentlemen who have con
structed, and only recently completed, the
work we have described, will undoubtedly
realize a very rich reward.
Sweetland Creek receives the tailings of %
large number of claims. These tailings lay
along its channel for a distance of more than
oae mile, and are fifty feet deep in places, ha
ving half swallowed up the trees which stand
in the bottom and deprived them of their vi
tality. These tailings have just been tapped
by Messrs. Winham & Co., and are known to
be rich. Pieces of the hard dirt—which
came down entire from the claims above—
have been picked up, on which scales of gold
were to be seen, and the gravel generally,wo
are informed, affords a better prospect than
can be obtained in the original dirt.
Perhaps we owe our readers an apology
for pursuing this subject to such length, but
its interest seemed to justifysime amplifica
tion, even at the risk of wearying those who
are already familiar with it.
Hint to Exchanges. —Some of ourcotem
poraries are in the habit of crediting news
items, which are copied into this 1a; er from
the Nevada Journal or Democrat, to the Hv
draulic Press. Lately an item of much
i iteiest in relation to some telegraphic ex
periments of Mr Pattison, and which item
we obtained from the Journal, was credited
to us, although,in accordance with invariable
custom, the souto whence we obtained il
was acknowledged. This is not a matter of
very much importance, except that “the la
b rer is worthy of his hire,” and an honest
man does not like to receive what is due te
another. Be careful Messieurs ed ton, asd
render unto the imperial Roman his legitl
mate property.
Died :—ln the odor tf sanctity, near the
M. E. Church in this town, during the early
part of last week, Ancient M iiliam Goat, a
wclllniwn cithen who was noted f<r h’s
great strength and solid sense. That ho wag
pious, his constant attendance at church enf
ficicntly proves, although we have seen peo
ple turn up their noses at him as if they
thought otherwise. He was a great lover of
nature, nnd might be found every morning
and evening scenting the air of this beauti
ful climate on the summit of Goat Hill—
named after him by neighbors sensible of
his merits. He was reserved and silent in
his habits, and had an acccntric way, if ad
dressed by passers by, of crying out * uhm
ba-a-a-a!” No doubt it was this rather
contemptuous expression of his, ut cred to
some person who felt insulted by it, that led
t) his untimely deatTi; for it is our painful
duty to say that he was ruthlessly shot. But
even as be fell, as if in contempt of death i'g
self, Mr. Goat was heard to repeat his ec
centric cry of “ba-a-a-a!”
We never heard anything else charged
against our venerable friend, except that,
when young, he was caught kid-napping.—
Poor fellow! Like the ungodly, his horn
has been put down. His long beard will no
more wave in the wind, nor his sober re
gards be cast upon beauty wending church
ward. And for his destroyer—we know his
“offense smells rank to heaven! ”
43~A11 who wish to subscribe to that refined
and excellent family paper, the Hesperian can
do so by giving their names to Mr. Wentworth.
Every lady ought to be a subscriber.
ny Samuelson invites the particular attention
of the ladies to bis fine stock of Confectionery.
County Items.
We are indebted to the Nevada Journal for
the following items:
The late School Exhibition and Ball netted
f 2 80, over and shove expenses. As per pro
gramme, the surplus funds will be distributed
among the schools of the county for their benefit.
The county jail is without an occupant. Sher
iff Boring transferred its occupants to San Quen
tin a few days ago.
The Supreme Court has granted Alex. Griffin
a new trial.
The American Theatrical Company has been
playing with much success at Orleans, Moore’s,
ami Woolsey’s Flats. Benefits were tendered
members of the company at each place.
$l6 to the pan has been obtained at Sailor’*
Flat in a new lead struck there.
Old Simon, the venerable darkle whose head
had long been “ blossumin’ fur de grave,” is
dead at last. The Journal gives a p'evsant ac
count of the old fellow. He was ‘'done” to death
by wicked boys putting Croton Oil in his bitters.
Geo. S. Hupp, Esq., has been appointed a
Commissioner in Chancery. It is the first ap
pointment of the kind ever made in the county.
The commissioner has the toll road and bridge
of Hoit & Co., in his hands and will proceed fcc
advertise and sell the same in a few days.
The Democrat says that 36 patients have been
treated at the county hospital during the three
months ending Oct 31st Of these, 17 have been
cured and discharged, 3 have died, and 16 now
remain in the hospital. Ibe cost of keeping the,
indigent sick for the (quarter has been $2,426.
A two-fifths interest in the Nebraska Shaft
Claims has been sold to Messrs. Birdseye, Crit
tenden, aud U. Daw lay tor $20,000, one half"

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