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THE HYDRAULIC PRESS.
By Avery & Waters. ■Professional. R. IL FARQUHAR, JUSTICK of the PEACE, BRIEOKPORT Township. Office, on Fimno st., 2 doors from Main street, San Juan. 1 tf 0. P. STIDGER, Attorney at law. notary public and Conveyancer. Office on the north side of Main street, one door west of Sea well A Sou's store, opjiosite the Pioneer, NORTH SAN JUAN. Nov. 13, 1837. 1 lm wm. r. ardersor, wm. n. martir- ANDERSON &. MARTIN, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, ££*■ Office, corner of Commercial and Pine streets, near the Court House, NEVADA CITY. lOtf DE.VItV MEREDITH THOMAS V. HAWLEY MEREDITH & HAWLEY, Attorneys at Law, NEVADA CITY , CAL. 15 3m Q SO. W. VAST DAVID UELDEM DELDEN & TAINT, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Particular attention to procurin';U. S. Ran 1 War rants for persons by Military service entitled to the same. Office... No. 4, second story of Alban’s RnVk Building, Corner Broad and Pino streets, N KVADA. 21 ErAXTO.V III'OKVER, C. WILSJ.V UILL . BUCKNER K HILL, Having associated themselves together in the practice of the Raw. will attend promptly to all business confided to their care in Nevada and adjoining counties. Office— ln Kelsey's Brick Building, Commercial Street, Nevada. April 8, 1858. 213 m t. R. M'cOMMEtl A.C MILES. McConnell & niles, Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, Will practice in all the Courts of the 14th Judicial Dis trict, ami in the Supreme Court. Office —Kidd's Brick Building, up stairs. 21 3m HENRY W. JOHNSTON, PHYSICIAN, SURGEON & ACCOUCHEUR, HAVINO selected Xortli San Juan as a permanent home for himself mid family, would most respect fully tender his professional services to the citizens of lliis village, ami the people in general. An experience «f 23 years successful practice—the last 0 years in Cali fornia—inspire him with full confidence of being aide to give entire satisfaction to those who may give him their |wtronagc. His office is on Main street, neorly opposite E. V. Hatfield's store, flan Juan, where he can be found at •II times when not professionally absent. Oct. 12, IKSB. 9 3m WM. EICHELROTH, Germau Physician and Accoucheur, (iJcutsrijrr Sr)t.) •A-H esidence, corner Flume and Saa Francisco streets, 105m 11 North San Juan. W. A. K [TTREDGE, M. D. Moore's Elat, Nevada Co., Cal. OFFERS Ins services to the public as a Physician and Surgeon. Ajf'Special attention given to all diseases requiring enrgieal aid. 1211 11. 8. OLDS, 31. !>., JMYSICI VN AND SU HG EON—OFFICE, L at Moore's Hotel, Moore’s Klal. 4tf gusiurss Cards. J. E. FULLER, EXPRESSMAN AND GENERAL AGENT, Runs a Daily Express from Cant|itonville to Galtna Hill, Young's Hill, Indi an Hill, Indian VaJU.y, atul Railroad Hill. California Dallies and Weeklies, and Atlantic pnp-rs and iieriodicals delivered promptly. Agent for the Hydraulic Press. 41 Collections made. GEORGE THEALL, Kxpressman and General Agent. Huns a Daily Kxpress from Foreit City to Alleghanytown, Chips’ Flat and Minnesota. 43~CaIifornia ami Atlantic Newspapers and Magazines on hand and delivered to order.' for TIIK HYDRAULIC PRESS. J. W. SULLIVAN’S GREAT PACIFIC EMPORIUM, AND General Agency of Periodical Literature, AND SOUK AGENT FOR “THE CALIFORNIA TRUE DELTA” California Huston Journal, Missouri Republican, Cin cinnati) Commercial, X. II Courier ties Kbits Unis, Xew York Herald, Tribune and Times. Ac., Ac., Ac. ■WASHINGTON STKET, NEXT TO THE POST OFFICE, San Francisco. J. P. YANDERLOOY, TCHMAZ And Manufacturer of kllfornla Jewelry. INFORMS his old friends and the public, that by the addition to bis establishment of machinery and many tools which are usually be found in large manufactories, he can give lie West finish to his work, and still keep bis prices 140 per cent, below those of the generality of ) trade. 4S-BILLIARD BALLS RENEWED.”®* Fine Gunsand Revolvers Repaired in *the liest stylo. Brass, Steel and Ivory Turned. Surgical Instruments Polished, and r ino»tly all fine jobs done with neatness lAd dispatch. Watch and Clock Repairing! at the usual rates, and all work warranted. • Shop on Main street, next door above Weiss' Billiard Saloon, North San Juan. lOtf CHARLES W. YOUNG. MANUFACTURER OP California J* owolry ; WATCHMAKER, And Dealer in ...... Flue Watches, Jewelry, Diamond. Work, Ac, Junction of Main and Commercial streets, NET AD A. | Nevada, April Bth, 1868. 213 m 1 j"vNE PAIR GOLD SCALES, 90 OUNCES | vycapacity, for sale cheap at FRANCHERE’B Book and Variety Store. FOUND ! wg North San Juan, a pocket-book, containing sun- J dry notes drawn in favor of Win. 11. Taylor. The owßcr can have the same by calling at *h:s office and paying cost of advertising. BILLIARDS, 25 CTS. A GAME! San Juan Exchange C. SCHARDIN & CO., HAVING purchased the Interest o < John Woods in thoabove Sun Juan Exchange.and made large adilitions and improvements, the Saloon now compares favorably with any in the Mountains. ' Three Billiard Tables, In first-rate order—two of them new Marble Beds and equal to any in the State. The wood bed is the fa vorite of the place. It is the intention of the proprietor to use every exer tion to make the Exchange the favorite resort of *ll seekers of healthy pleasurable exercise. THE BAH will be furnished with the very best WISES AND LiqrOßS To be had in the San Francisco Market, and no pains will bo spared to make everything pleasant and attrac tive. 10 Pioneejr Saloon> SPERO ANDERSON, HAVING RETURNED from Fraser river ami purchase! the above establishment, ro- WriSgSjgK-'pectfiilly informs his friends and the public that lie intends tokcepa tine Wholesale and Retail Stock ...0F... Wines and Liquors* Ale, Por ter, Beer, Cider. CHAMPAIGN, SYRUPS, CORDIALS, BITTERS, Pure California 'Wine, CIGARS AND TOBACCO . His BAR will be supplied with the choicest kinds of tile idmve articles, ami he trusts to maintain his old rep utation as the keeper of a first-rate saloon. North San Juan, Nov Gth, 1858. 12lf Fine Old Brandies C. E. lIELFRICH, Soda Water Manufacturer, DEALER IN FINE BRANDIES, f fl-jVVinos, Ale, I’orter Ac. Brandies, of the following brands: Old Sazerac, Otard, Jules, Robin A Co., United Vine yards, MartellCjClnunpaiguc, Otard, Ac., 4c. Philadelphia and Holland Gin, Old Tom, Santa Cruz and Jamaica Rum, Monongaheht, Bourbon, Irish and Scotch Whiskey: Heidsji k, Schreider and Mori/.ettc Chainpaigne; Fort, Sherry, Ginger, Hock, Sautcrnc Claret Wines. Assorted Case Liquors, and SYRUPS. His extensive slock is now complete iu every depart ment, and will he offered at the most Reasonable Prices. San Joan North, Nov. 17, 1857. [1 3m] 0. SCHARDIN & CO., . Wholesale and Retail Dealers in I Wines, Liquors, Cljgnrs aud To* 1 bacco. Also— a general assortment of FRESH AND DRIED FRUITS, And Confectionery. SOUTH SIDE OF MA JV STREET. Xorth San Juan, Xov. 17,1857. [1 tf ] Mleghany Saloon « BILLIARDS! BILLIARDS! FORD <& SPENCER MNFOllfii the lovers of this noble game that they 8 will find at their Saloon in Alleghanytown, Two Marble Bed Billiard Ta bles, which are iu excellent condition. The Bar Is always stocked with the best Wines, Liquors and Cigars. The proprietors will also spread a Free Lunch Every Night! AUrghanyUnon, Oct. 23. 1858. Caution to Purchasers OF EUREKA_ WHISKEY! IT has come to the knowledge of the undersigned, that various parties are putting up whiskey, in imita tion packages, made in San Francisco, and branding it “EUREKA WHISKEY.” We caution dealers in tlic interior against purchasing any of those imitations for the genuine imported arti cle. The genuine “ Eureka Whiskey 99 Is imported in Barrels and half barrels, and the packa ges are branded on one bead. “EUREKA WHISKEY, 1841>, WM. NEWELL A CO.” with a copy-right attached and on the other head, “J. T. D.” To any one who has purchased the GENUINE EURE KA WHISKEY this caution is unnecessary, as they cannot be deceived bv imitations. WM. NEWELL A CO., Sole Agents, 109, Battery street* San Francisco, Sept. 15, ISSS. tfP .Tbe GENUINE Eureka Whiskey is for sale by all the principal Liquor Houses in San Francisco. 14 3m g eaten. Lumber, Lumber I THE undersigned take this opportunity to inform the public that they have recently purchased of French A Sawyer, their new and splendid steam saw mill, situated at Central Ranch, near San Juan, where they are now prepared to furnish on the shortest notice Sluice and Building Lumber, and Blocks of all kinds. All Orders satisfactorily filled and promptly delivered. J. F. CLARK, HENRY WONSEY, J. B. JOHNSON. Central Ranch, April Sth, 1858. 21 tf LUMBER ! LUMBER ! I THE PROPRIETORS OF THE North San Juan Saw-Mill take this opportunity to inform the public that they have recently purchased the above-named property, which has been refitted at great expense, and that they ore now prepared to furnish Sluice and Building Lumber, And Blocks of all kinds, on short notice. All orders satisfactorily filled and promptly delivered. W’m 11. SEARS, Agent. January Ist, 185<* 7tf NORTH SAN JUAN, NEVADA CO, SATURDAY, NOV. 27, 1858. §njtottlw gress. Indians and Hindoos. —Franklin tells an amusing and instructive story about some Susquehanna Indians, who were assembled by a Swedish minister, and listened to a sermon from him on the history and principles of Christian ity. They harkened With characteristic attention till the close, and then one of them arose, expressed his approbation of what he had heard, and desired to recount in turn a tradition of his own people. He said that, in the beginning, the fathers of the Red Man had only the flesh of animals to subsist on, until one day a beautiful young woman from the spirit-land appeared to two hunters and, being entertained by them with venison, promised that they should be rewarded if they would come to the same place after thirteen moons. They did so, and where her right hand had touched the ground found corn, where her left had touched it they found kid ney beans, and where she had sat on it they found tobacco. The good mis sionary, (says Franklin,) was disgusted with this idle tale, and said : “ What I delivered to you were sa cred truths; but what you tell me is mere fable, fiction, and falsehood.” The Indian, offended, replied —“ My brother, it seems your friends have not done you justice in your education; they have not well instructed you in the rules of common civility. You saw that we, who understand and practice th sc rules, believed all your stories; why do you refuse to believe ours?” We were reminded of this very per tinent inquiry on reading what an En glish traveler writes upon his return from India: “ People in tliis country cannot appreciate the ex treme improbability, I almost say impossibility, of the conversion of a high-casto Hindoo. Humanly speaking, it would bo almost as reasonable to expect the Archbishop of Canterbury to sacrifice a goat to Parhutee. As for arguing with a Hindoo of intelli gence, it is like using a cannon against Hindoo earth works. He will grant every argument of the Chris tian, will advance his religion, admit his miracles, and acknowledge the truth of the Incarnation. At tho same time he will contend that lie has an older ami a lietter system, miracles much more astounding, and numberless avatars, instead of ouo only. Ho is tho most tolerant man in the world; will allow every re ligion to be true, and as his own system will not admit of converts, ho recommends every man to adhere to his particular creed and allow others to do tho same.” Hop Growing in California. — Under this title, the Culturist for No vember—a superior number, —advan- ces some convincing arguments in favor of introducing the culture of hops into this State, and gives the results of an experiment made by Mr. Bushnell, of Bodega. This gentleman raised from young roots, set out last March, two hundred pounds of hops, which he sold for one dollar a pound, and could have taken the same price for a larger quan tity. “ His experiment with the crop,” says the Culturist , “is an entire suc cess ; he has now three acres only, but will enlarge bis hop grounds from year to year. In his opinion, good corn land will grow hops. He plants in rows eight feet apart, and the same distance in the rows; puts two poles to each hiU, incli ning them outward so that the hops may not run together and become entangled; plants his new-grounds with roots from old hills in March, but thinks it might be done earlier with advantage; has used poles of all lengths between twelve and twenty-five feet, and finds his hops go to the top of them, but that a sixteen feet pole is the best height to begin with, as the hop produces better than on a high er one; likes to have the vines reach the end of the pole and then hang off, as they fruit better; uses redwood poles; cultivates the ground as he would for corn, by keeping down the weeds. The hop ripens about the first of September; crop is gathered by cutting off the vines at bottom and lifting the poles out of the ground. The drying and curing re quires close, constant attention, but is not hard labor; yield per acre, one ton or more—at one dollar a pound, 82,000; at fifty cents a pound, 81,000; nearly or quite equal to tea, coffee, or wine growing per acre.” Carelessness itself may not be crimi nal, but its consequences are very often so. SIERRA TURNPIKE. The citizens of Sierra and Yuba coun ties arc taking active measures for the construction of a new wagon road, with a view of connecting their principal towns directly with Marysville. We learn from a communication in the Ma rysville Democrat that the first day of December is selected as the period for an organization of a company for the above purpose, at Goodyear’s Bar, and that they propose as the best the following route:— “ Commencing at DownieTillo, by way of Goodyear’s Bar ami Camptonville to Garden Valley, with a branch from the head of Woodruff Creek, about oue mile above the Mountain House, to Fred’s Ranch, on the main road between Forest City ami Alleghanytown, touching at or near Forest City. Fred’s Ranch is the point below Galloway's, where Scott’s survey .of the emigrant road leaves that ridge to descend to Forest City. This will give Marysville a read on the nearest and best route to all those most important mining localities, and will also he that much of the great emigrant road completed on the Holiness pass route.” The heaviest ascending grade is said to be oue foot to the rod. Mr. llicc, the author of the commu nication above referred to, thinks that if the stock for the proposed road is prompt ly subscribed for, the road will be com pleted by next Juncor July. We hear tily hope it may, for although this par ticular vicinity may not be directly ben efitted by it, any thing that will facilitate mountain travel, will promote the gene ral convenience and result advantage ously to every section. But the most important consideration connected with this subject is, that the road will lead the way to the ultimate opening through this portion of the mountains of a new emi grant and mail route, which would cer tainly benefit every county lying in its vicinity, and effect at an earlier day than otherwise the settlement of the mountain vallics. If what is claimed for the Holiness pass be true, it offers greater facilities fur the construction of a road, and opposes fewer obstacles to continuous travel through all seasons than either the Southern or Central routes. But even if this were not so, and if the Ilcnncss pass were merely as good as others, there will soon be a ne cessity for another road connecting Plu mas, Sierra, Yuba and Nevada counties with the great line of overland emigra tion and with the settlements which must spring up along its course. The Gold Discovery. —Amongst several specimens of California gold ex hibited not long since before the Royal Institution, London, was a fine lump of quartz gold, which was acquired by the Right Hon. Edward Ellice about thirty years ago. It is generally conceded that the ex istence of gold in California was known many years before its discovery by Mar shall at Sutter’s Mill. It is believed to have been known to the Jesuit mis sionaries, who concealed the fact out of policy. Wo recollect that Farnham, who visited this country in 1842, and published of his trip, stated that the luaHpknew of the existence of gold, butwould not reveal its locality, because their traditions told them such a disclosure would eventuate in the ad vent of a superior race amongst them and their own annihilation. The tradi tion has proved to be prophetic, so far, but doubtless originated with the wily Jesuits. A friend who was in the country about the same time has told us that lumps and scales of a heavy yellow metal had frequently been found and thrown away as valueless. How many a rude hunter may have thus tossed carelessly from him a discovery greater than that of Potosi! The development of California’s im mense mineral wealth was reserved for the energetic and progressive Anglo- Saxon. The enervated mongrel races of Mexico would only have exhausted the surface placers without contributing aught to the permanent interests of mankind. The Nevada Democrat anounccs its in tention of publishing an extra on the ar rival of each Overland Mai!,in which they will give the news at length. We wish them succes. Unobtrusive benevolence inspires most sol f-sa tisfac tion. ANTS AND CHLOROFORM. Most people will not think there is any connection between the little insect which is so often cruelly trodden under foot and the beniffeent agent employed by surgeons to produce insensibility to pain. They have no doubt often gazed with curiosity upon busy colonics of ants, and wondered what useful purpose was sub served by their existence, turning away, at last, their nostrils offended by the pe culiar odor our little friends emit, and their minds uninformed by an intelligent conclusion. Not so have the enquiring students of nature regarded these intel ligent insects, but have deemed them worthy of patient investigation, the re sults of which are elaborately recorded for our edification. They found them to be the most intellectual of insects, with peculiarities startlingly analogous to human characteristics, and the analy sis of the peculiar sour fluid which they eject led to a discovery which is justly considered one of the greatest triumphs of chemistry. The mere fact of such a liquid would be considered insignificant by most per sons, but to the disciple of science noth ing is insignificant. It was found on bruising the insects and distilling them, mixed with water, that a peculiar vola tile acid passed over, which was named Formic acid, from the Latin formica, an ant. This is one of the most powerful acids known, and forms soluble salts with metalic bases. Its radical is For mylc, which docs not exist separately. Of course, on the discovery of such a powerful acid, numberless experiments were made with it, and ultimately it was found that it could be obtained artifi cially, that is without recourse to the red ant which afforded it in the first in stance. It reached the climax of its wonderful history when, combined with chlorine and other agents, it led to the production of chloroform, which, in chemical lan guage, is the pcrchloridc of Formylc. — Thus the sour liquid which ants eject when irritated, and the odor of which every one has observed, is one of the constituent parts of an agent that has done more to relieve human suffering than any other discovery of medical science. How wonderful is nature in all her ways, and how wonderful, too, arc the processes by which man can fath om her secrets and imitate her silent la bors. In the laboratory of the chemist, as in that of nature, the most minute circum stance may lead to stupendous conse quences. Let us then, all observe na ture with more care and reverence, and if we cannot be numbered amongst those patient disciples of hers, who arc quietly laboring for the welfare of man kind, we shall at least have the pleasures which spring from intelligent observa tion, and from the reflection that no ob ject is unimportant to the Creator. Indigenous Apple and Chestnut. —Mr. A. Bushncll, of Green Valley, Bodega, Sonoma county, has sent the editor of the Culturist a half dozen or more seedling native apple-trees. In their growth they resemble the native crab-apple of the Western States, but with even more of a dwarfish habit. The same publication asserts that there is a chestnut indigenous to Cali fornia, sweet and delicious, growing on low bushes upon the middle plateaux of the Sierras. Sgf* Women are often praised for clinging to drunken husbands, and call ed angels, when their angelic devotion is consigning a whole helpless family to misery. There is a virtue in being con stant to the most miserable wretch so long as there exists hope of reforming himj but after that time is evidently past, there is more reason for suspecting that the wife shares her husband’s degra dation than that she seeks to lift him from it by her self-sacrificing faithfulness. If habitual drunkenness were everywhere sufficient ground for divorce, women would not so often give men occasion to praise them for a virtue that is often times the creature of necessity. Volume I Number 15. [communicated. ] THE PRESENT AGE. Nevada county, 1 November 19,1858. ) Ech Hydraulic Press: —Do you think the age in which we live superior to any since the dawning of human mind upon earth ? Docs it contain more wisdom— more goodness—more talent —more ge nius? Is man morally, spiritually, and intellectually greater? Look not out of your window into the street before you answer; there is no field for judgment there. Close the shutter, and send your spirit to gather truth and falsehood from the crowding millions; then, it is very like, you will answer thus: “If presumption canim body wisdom, goodness, talent, genius and greatness, our age is far superior to any past." You know what ice have accomplished, but wc know but little of what has been thought and done before us. History is to us but as a faint dream, full of great and little shadows, acts and actors, suit ed to the times; and our judgment of them is like the school-boy’s, who says to his fellow, “my jack-knife is better than yours, and I will not trade with you.” And he will say too, “my father is a better man than yours, tho’ he be a cob bler, and yours a kingt” There is a pride in every man which makes him think himself more perfect than his fellows; but his greatness is developed by the accidents of to-day or to-morrow. The future is a store-house full of gold, and fame, and toys for every fancy, to which hope gives ambition the key. One man justly or falsely praised, kindles emulation in a thousand; and to this wc owe the greatness of the Christian world so boasted of to-day. To-day, to-day; our all is compassed in to-day; and what is yesterday to any man? A time perhaps mis-spenfc; a time he cannot touch again, or fill again with hope. If happiness was in it, it is to-day but as a sweet shadow lingering on his heart; if it brought him shame or sorrow, he would forget it, and in to morrow look with stronger hope for pleasure and for profit. So far as it is possible for us to know, . wc arc in all scientific arts far, far in ad- r vance of all the ages past combined; but that wc are morally better, or intellectu ally greater is a lie—an insult to the God to whom we say we owe our being.— When wc take into consideration the fa cilities which have been afforded man since the days of type, to communicate his thoughts and ideas, good or bad, to the world, great allowance should be made for the many enlightened genera- . tions of days gone by. Since the art of printing the whole sphere upon which we live has been ex plored, and re-explored, and made visible to the quick eye of thought, bringing light to the mind, words to the tongue, and subjects to the pen. Before, man to man was comparatively unknown; now, they shake hands in thought from pole to pole, from horizon to horizon. Now, the mind is quicker from exer cise, the tongue more elegant from use. But they have both grown less pure; excitement makes the blood run quick and hot, and passion overruns honesty. This is a great age truly; but it is not the greatest. But when it is said that this is a fast age, the truth is told. But who shall say that it is the happiest age ? No man whose thoughts can go beyond his own door-yard. When the blood runs cool and calm, man can be great and happy, and reason like a God; —then only. But the day is not now. SITALLWRITE. is a great country for news papers. All foreign newspapers must pass through the hands of a censor, who cither rejects them wholly or strikes out whatever objectionable passages he may find. One frequently sees paragraphs, or whole columns, either covered with a coating of black paste or so nicely erased that uo sign ot printers’ ink is left.