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THE HYDRAULIC PRESS.
BY AVERY & WATERS. tthc ihulviuilir AVs,s. Published e very Saturday morning tt&f’OJflce on Main street, adjmnhig <kt Slorc.'%& Terms for the Paper. 6nC Year, invariably in advance 4.1 00 Six Months, n c ‘ “ 300 'Three “ “ « « 2do Terms for Advertising. Tine Square. (12 lines) first insertion. $3 00 Each subsequent insertion, 1 00 /l-£~ Pnsiness Cards not o.xreeilinir four lines of this •type, will be inserted for $0 00 a quarter. SALOONS & RESTAURANTS HIIJ.I UiISS, a 3 €TS. A GAME! SAN JUAN EXCHANGE. C. SCHARDIN Si, CO.. WOULD respectfully inform their old friends and Hie public •nerully that they have receh't any improvements to the above nameil pop ular resort, and are better prepared than ever to please nil tastes. \v made ma Three Hilliard Tables, In first-rate order—two of them now Marble Herts and equal to any in the State. The wood bed is the fa vorite of tbeplaco. !5 O W Is I V G. Two splendid Ten-Pin A Her- are attached to the ps tablisliiiiPiit, well supplied with tiie perquisites of such an institution. It is the intention of the proprietor to nsc every oXer -11011 to make the Exchange the favorite resort of all Beckers of healthy pleasurable exercise. THEEAR will bo furnished with the very best WISES AKD I,3^2'OnS To be had in f lie Pan Francisco Market, and no pains will he spared to make everything pleasant and attrac tive. 10 The Bank Exchange BROWN k REESE RESPECTFULLY' inform their old friends and the public generally, that they -till hold forth at the corner of Main and Flume streets, where they keep th ! very hest Wines an rt Ale, Porter , am Also, the finest Cigars an <1 The cstahlLihiiient will ho Drown, formerly of Phil idei Vqually well the art of dispens Is 3 q ti orS) 'Lanet Bctr. North Pan .Tuan. June 11, 'J'obarffi. under the ran- of Mr. Iphia. who understands dig and of ph-a-dug. •VJ. 43 tf C. SC 11 Alt DIN k CO., Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Liquors, Cigars ami To- AFRESH AND DRIED FRUITS, And Confoctionory. SO nil SIDE OF MAIN STREET. X'lrln &in Juan, Xor. 17. leaf. [1 tf ] Wa s h i nst o n R o sI a a r a 12 1 Main Street, Tlorth San Juan. GEORGE CULL GDI Informs the public that ! continues to h r-p a *1 I-I -o'S- "••'■.-ti' i ts P-i Restaurant ami Ro.irdiag llonse ,his best style all the dainties and inxu: of the market MEALS AT ALL HOURS. Clean Rooms anil Clean Herts For regular and transient lodgers, have h-cri fitted in connection with the Restaurant. They will be foi inferior to none. PUBLIC OR PRIVATE PARTIE to order, in Furnished with Dinners or Supper most satisfactory manner. the Give Gcorye a Call. : Id. V-if WINE & LIQUOR STORES. i Fine Old Hrmtdies C. E. lIELFIIICII, Soda Water Mannfacturer. DEALER IX FIXE BRAXDIES, tEt#JWines. Ale. Porter Ac. ?-si*SaA4 Bramlles. of the following brands ; Old Pxzerac. Otard. Jules. Robin A- Co.. United Vine yards. Mwtelle,Chainpaigne, Otard, Ac., Ac. Philadelphia and Holland Gin, Old Tom. Santa Cruz and Jamaica Hum. Monongahcla. Uonrbon. Irish and Scotch Whiskey: Iloidsick, Schreider ami Morh'.-tte Champaign?: I’ort, Sherry, Ginger, Hock. Santerne Claret Wines. Assorted Case Liquors, and SYRUPS. Ills extensive stock U now complete in every depart ment, and will be offered at SACRAMENTO PRICES. San Juan North. Nov. 17, 1857. [1 3ni] SAN JUAN BREWERY. •CVEac*' This well-known establishment, owned by \i istoffler A Koch, is now under the Control of .yigßgglheJtinior member, Mr. Koch, and will so Veniai‘l untilthc settlement of the estate o* Mr.tftotiler \atcly deceased. The business of manufacturing liagor 3300i* will Ik- continued as heretofore, and the old reputation •of the article fully maintained. jan'.’l O. CLARK & CO., IMPORTERS And Dealers in LIQUORS, WINES &0., —ASTD— Cigars ! SUCCESSORS TO M. COHX ,J- CO. Main street, next to Theater NORTH SAN JUAN. January 28,1860. 3m at REAMER'S. BUSINESS CARDS. n. n. FAr.qniAii, Justice of tUc Peace, Bridgeport Township, Office, iu the old Masonic Hall Main 1 reeit, Sim .Titan. 1 tt 0. I’. STIDGER, Attorney at Law, Notary Public, And Conveyancer. Office on tin north side of Main street, one door west of K V. Hatfield's store, oiipositetlie Pioneer, NORTH SAN JUAN. Nov. 13, 1807. 1 0. WILSON LULL, Attorney at Law, ITiil attend promptly to all busiuessconfided toliis care in Nevada and adjoining counties. Office In Abbott's Building, N KVAtIX. tflG JAMES CARPENTER. House, Sign ami Decorative Painter, AND PAPER HANGER. ft?,SIX OP—Foot of Main street. NORTH SAN JUAN. All work warranted to give satisfaction. jan 28 TEETH! DR. E. FELLERS, DENTIST, North San Juan HAS an office in the Post Oliice Bidldintt, on Main Street, ■Mo-re he is prepared to perform all operatiors fipo'fi TEETH, on the latest and most ap proved principles. By request, families will be Muted on at their resi dences. Office hours—from 7 o'clock A. M„ to 5 o'clock P. 48-3 m JOHN A. SEELY, Agent for I Tlifi New Idria Qnlcksijvcr, The Best and Purest Art hie in the. S at* I 1 Post Office Uuilding, North San .Juan, Nevada ccnnty. DRS MYERS ft CLARK, DENTISTS. | Office, Union Hotel, Worth Sen Juan. I Mechanical Dentistry'done on all new and I s'S'r most improved principles. n2Gtf Walds am! Jewelry Store. I NAT'atcui’.s,clocks t .l ewe lily repaired VV and warranted to give satisfaction or no charge ,b> I). W. BAY LIES, ] Shan in Clark ,V <./». Of/cee, corner c,f Naih and K *ervoir afreets, Xotih San Juan. ft"*_ All jobs left with the subscriber will be put in a fire proof safe at night An experience of tw>-ttty-five years enables me to do all kinds of work in my line. As Good as tile Best. 1) M B VYLIES. Nov. nth, 18.’0. m 3 J. W. SULLIVAN’S GREAT PACIFIC FMPORIIMf, And (J 1 ncra! Agency of Periodical Literature , And so]- Agent for the California True Delta, California Dos!on Journal, Missouri Reptthlicnn. fin cinrw/fi Ounmercial, N. )'. (’mirier ties Hats L'nis, New lark Herald, Tri’nme. and Times. Ac., Ac., Ac. Washington street, next door to the Post Office, SAX FRANCISCO. ciLORGT THEALL, Expressman and General Agent. Runs a Daily Express from Forest City to AllegliaJiytown, Chips’ Flat and Minnesota. 53P - Cu!iforniaand Atlantic Newspapers and Magazines on hand and delivered to older." ■, A ft.-»,Ag-„t for Till: HYDRAULIC Pi!CSS. .5. E. FI'GEEK. EXPRESSMAN AND GENERAL AGENT, Runs a Daily Express from CfiKlptOnvllic to till v , ffitl. Vmmg'x ffHf, Indi an HiU. Indian Valley. and Railroad Hill. California Dallies and Weeklies, red Atlantic papers ind neriodicals delivered promptly. Agent for the Hydraulic Press. tXg-Collcctions made. SAM. ABBEY, News Agent and Expressman, Runs a Daily Express from North San Juan to Sebastopol. Sweetland. Bircbville and French Corral. California and Atlantic papers for sale. San Juan Peed Stable & Corral ST. SANBY has opened a Feed Stride and • Corral at I lie lower end of Main street. North San .Titan, on the road to Sebastopol, for the accommoda tion of Team.tors and the traveling public generally. He keeps on hand and for sale. Slay, Karlcy ar.d Ground Feed. ¥hc Corral is lafgo. mttvonuMitly situated and well watered, and admirably m«vN tlie wants of Drovers. There is also u large and good stable on the premi es . 5 3m SMITH S EXPRESS, Runs Daily from North San Jnan to Shady Creek, Cherokee. Little Grass Valley and Columbia Hill.— Also. Weekly to Arnold’s Ranch, Bloomfield and Urisko. #«*Californ!a and Atlantic Newspapers for sale. Let ters and Packages can ied. conimh sions attended to and Collections made. Agent for the Hydraulic Press .f. 52. FAINTER. (IATE O’MEARA k PAINT Eft,) Dealer in TYPE. PRESSES, PRINTING MATERIAL, Paper. Cards, and Printer's Stod.- generally, 133 Clay street, near Sansome, SAM FRANCISCO. jan 21 ly Furniture &, beddings at R TAMER'S. w IWDOW SASH! at PPA MENS. Hydraulic Duck ! Nos. 0, 00, 000, 0000.00000,000000 & 0000000, For sale in any quantity by jan 28 ‘ PECK A COLEY. Frosli Fctaiiima Hatter ! IN ROLLS, at jan 2S PECK & COLEY’S. R. REAMER IS receiving and opening a choice selection of Goods and offers them to the citizens of San Juan and vi cinity cheap for cash. jan 21 C OAL DIG Lt ipst REAMER’S. A CHOICE assortment ofCHOCKE* RYI at REAMER’S. Kerosene Lifilps ! ANEW lot of these celebrated Lamps just received at the SAN JUAN DRUG STORE. j.vT Kerosene Lamps and Oil, FOR sale at the store of PECK & COLEY. NORTH SAN JUAN, NEVADA CO, SATURDAY, MARCH 3,1860. TRAVEL. LIVERY STABLE. Corner Main mid Reservoir streets, Worth San Juan. T. G. SMITH, BARNEY CLOW SMITH & CLOW, Proprietors. m * flu s£/j WOULD respectfully inform the traveling public that they cun be accommodated at a moment’s notice, with the best Saadle and Buggy Hor?es In the Mountains. LADIES, wishing to take ahorseback ride, will find at ourstaidc. easy, gentle and spirited animals, with excellent side-saddles. Ac. IResruut Top Busies ! And well matched horses for the v ' ho desire them. Horses kept by the day or week 11 fed and care fully groomuil. Exchanges With Camptonville, Forest City and Nevada. _ Their large, new, and commodious stables rtraYde them to accommodate a very large number of Horses, amt the public can depend upon finding every conven ience and care that can be found in any first-clusss es tablishment of the kind North San .Tuan, Dec.lsth, 1858. ITtf VARIETY. oentSlla^ CLARK & CO. ~D "vTUECT the attention of the public to their 1 x splendid steam saw mill, which is now turning out the very best of YELLOW AND SUGAR PINE LUMBER, of every kind fur building and mining purposes, and delivering it promptly wherever ordered. They have unrivalled facilities for filling orders im mediately, and always sell the best material at the low est prices. They also furnish every kind of SLUICE BLOCKS, as directed, r.hd call supply the citizens of North San Juan with the l?esl o: Fire Wood OH'r? van be left at the mill, or at flic office in Sac Juan, oil Main street, under the flume. J. F. CLARK. J. 15. JOHNSON. Nov. 19th. 1859. tf Wood and Ijishlmt lard. CILAR K Sc CO, have an Cxte’rsiVo Wood and /Lumber Yard at the corner of Cherokee and Res ervoir streets, by the terminus of the railway. Every kind of sawed lumber is kept always on band, and large or small demands can be instantly supplied. Fire Wood, either oak. pine or manzanita. green nr dry. for sale in any quantity, and will be delivered at short notice. Orders can be left at the Yard, or at the office on Main street. J. t\ CLARK. Nov. 19,1809. tf J. li. .(OIIN'ON. LTMtllßl ! LItMHEK ! ! ffit; proprietors of the North San Juan Saw-Mill take this opportunity to inform the public that, they have recently purchased the above-named property, which lias been refitted at great expense, and that they an- now prepared to furnish Slssiro and E.sinihf!'. And Uloclss of all kinds, on short notice. All orders satisfactorilv filled andpromptlvdelivered. N. IS. All persons indebted to SAN JUAN MILL COMPANY for Lumber, will please take notice, that payments must be made to the under igiied alone, if made to any other party they v ill hot be recognized as legitimate. A. S. WADLEIGH. Agent San Juan Mill Co. July 28, 1809. 7tf Furniture! Furniture! :: zhs. Cheaper than the Cheapest! NEW Furniture always on hand and cob stoutly arriving at PECK & COLEY'S. £jT’Prii es tn -=nit the toost economical. CALL AND SEE. Jan 7 COLUMBIA HILL STORE ! W. C. OOLSY HAS opened a C ash Store at Columbia )till. where be offers to tho public a choice assortment of Goods, consisting of Groceries anil Provisions, Miners’ Implements, &.C., &e., A share of pationage is respectfully solicited. jan 28tf W C. COLEY. If Ikon Want FItE.SH KEFF KILLED EVERY DAY, CAT-T. ny GUTHRIE & CO., Oak Tree Market. \OTI C E . Soldiers, teamsters, sailors, (or their widows or orphan children.) who served in any M ars or Battles, either in California or elsewhere, pri or to Mftroh Sd. 1855, or their children who were un der 21 years at that date, or sailors who served on the coast of California in tho Mexican war. will do we!) to address us. Claims that have heen rejected in the hands of other agents, have been successfully obtained by us. Agents acting for ns. liberally paid. Land war rants bought and sold to order, and all business re quiring an agent at Washington attended to. R. E. LLOYD & CO.. Attorneys fot Claims. Pensions, Bonnfy Land. &c. Reference to any of the heads of Departments, jan 2S 10w (aiMiihenc T reduced prices, at and Coal Oil jan-21 REAMER'S. A CHOICE assortment of BOUTd, at jan 21 REAMER'S. Oregon hams »ud shoulders* at jan 21 REAMER'S. TIN & HARDWARE. Tin and Hardware Store. Stoves, Hardware, Cook Stoves Parlor Stores, *. Hose Pipes, Box Stoves, EtfL A General msoTt- Shelf Hardware, KC 's-ai went of Tinware, Nails, Cutlery, Builders' Hardware, Carpenters' Tools, Butts end Srrerrs, Iron and Steel, Galvanized Iron Pipe, Water Boxes tf c., On hand and made to order FRANK SMITH, Brick Row. Main street. North San Juan, Nov. 17,155 T. Itf (The ihutvaulic grass. B. P. AVERY. EDITOR. Individuality in Journalism. —The Yrcka Union comments upon the strongly marked individuality of California newspapers, which is attributed to the isolated position of our State, and quotes the words of an eastern correspondent who says papers from this coast are read with more interest on the Atlantic side than those published in any other State. We can easily believe this, for California papers are racy of the soil on which they are printed ; alike in their free dom from conventionality and in their devo tion to the material and moral welfare of the country, but differing in their special char acteristics as one positive mind differs from another. Xot satisfied with being mediums of home news and advocates of home intcr ■ests, they abound with details of the physical peculiarities of the State and adjoining ter ritories, their climate, soil, geology, pro ductions and resources ; and many of their articles on these topics are valuable contri butions to the sum of human knowledge.— They are odorous of fruits and flowers.— Stories of golden discoveries, of marvelous silver veins, gleam in their columns amid accounts of vineyards, gardens and grain fields. There is a strong dash of poetry in this practicality, just as there is poetry in practical nature herself; nor is a ray of or iginal humor wanting to please the lightest mood. Conducted by men from all parts of the Union, they exhibit few sectional or pro vincial traits, and the most obscure journal of the interior has a more cosmopolitan tone than many a city cotemporary abroad. They reflect the independent and liberal spirit of the people, and speak with remarkable frankness and boldness on every topic that engages the attention of society. Long may they do so. BaVarc Taylor Rebuked.— The Napa Re porter takes Bayard Taylor to task for certain absurd exaggerations and unjust assertions of his with regard to the character of a por tion of our population to whom he applies the vulgar name of “Pikes.” The great traveler was evidently imposed upon by some prejudiced person, who attributed the traits of a few rough backwoodsmen to a majority of onr citizens of Western origin. The Ilc porier says ; “lie selects the language and conduct of the lowest and most unbred clowns, (of which every State has its share) and makes them the standard for judging of the people ot a great State, which contains within her borders as noble and cultivated men, and as beautiful and accomplished women as the world ever saw. Ju his eyes a!! arc “Pikes,” and consequently suitable butts for his ridi cule. This may he very pleasant to the den izens of Eastern drawing rooms whose vision is narrowed to what is charitably called “high life”—but in our estimation, is most unfair towards the people of a great Western State, who in all the qualities of honor and honesty-, bravery, and usefulness in their sphere arc behind no part of the Union. We are sincerely sorry that Mr. Taylor did not remain long enough in California to Judge more correctly.” Singular Drop Scene.— While Mr. J. H. Peterson, formerly a resident of these parts, was viewing the theater of his mining oper ations at Omega, recently, the edge of the bank on which he was standing dropt sud denly away and fell into the chasm below, Mr. Peterson pursued it with remarkable speed, and caught up with it so abruptly that he was considerably bruised. He was a bold man. but in the claim there was many a boulder. A Pavioß o-t Men.— Thomas Ackerman of San Francisco has saved, at different times, the lives of fifteen men, who have fallen through the ragged wharves. lie is always on the look-out for those who drop through the man-traps. Let his name be honored in the memory of all who read this brief record. A teacher of Jackson county, Oregon, dis missed his school for two or three dais, in order that he and his pupils might witness the hanging of a murderer. They were dis appointed after all, for the man was respited. This illustrates tho beauties of capital pun ishment. The Gyascutus.- —This is the name of a little paper printed in green ink at Napa, by U. R. A. Muttonhcad k Co., and supposed to be intensely fanny. We have not had time to look for the point. We learn from the Gleaner that the total sum contributed by the Hebrews of Califor nia in aid of their suffering Morocco brethren amounts to £'4,637 75. The following Rusty conundrum is sub mitted to the committee on Indian Affairs by the Calaveras Chronicle: Why did Gen. Kibbe, while on Pitt river, run so like a locomotive ? Because, he had behind him an Indian-near. Rosa Bonhcnr, the famous French painter, and a splendid woman, is coming to Amer ica to paint buffaloes. A BRIGHT FUTURE No country ever had ?o bright a future opening before it as beams on California to day. She has mines which enable her to export fifty or sixty millions of gold every year. Independent of the exhaustless trea sures contained in these mines, and the per sonal investments therein—and beside her mines of silver, mercury, coal and iron, her population of six hundred thousand own property which has an assessed value of more than one hundred and thirty millions of dollars. Within her borders are seventy six million acres of tillable and grazing lands —all cf it probably fit for cultivation, and millions ot acres of the finest timbered land in the world. Her soil produces more grain to the acre and larger fruits and vege tables, with loss expense, the difference in wages considered, and in a shorter time, than that of any other State in the Union. To crown these material blessings, her cli mate is balmy and wholesome, and so mild that roues bloom in the open air of winter, and strawberries ripen during the same sea son. Her skies of seldom-clouded, deepest blue, bend over every variety of grand and lovely landscape. The scenery of Wales and Switzerland is equalled by that of the Sierra Nevada; the rolling foothills with their orchard-like groves of oak and spring garment cf many-lined blossoms, have a beauty of their own ; while the level valley at their bases, stretching for hundreds of verdurous miles north and south, and dash ing its waves of grains and grasses against the far purple wall of the Coast Range—who shall describe its delicious beauty, or that of the sea coast and bays lying “glassed in their own loveliness" far beyond? Well, this favored land is a free heritage to all who will occupy it, and the induce ments for our eastern brethren to come and share it with us arc multiplying every day. There has not been such activity in mineral discoveries for many years. Not only have the most astonishing developments of mineral wealth been made in Western Utah to the cast of us, and in Southern Oregon to the north of us, but within our own borders new placers and new gold-bear ing quartz and other metaliferous Veins have been discovered in every direction, until tiie authenticated reports of rich strikes are regarded unless they approach the marvelous. A person disposed to see in every event the hand of a special providence, would conclude that the new sources of ma terial wealth were revealed for the purpose of stimulating that march of emigration which has somewhat lagged of late years, and so throwing into the unclaimed regions of the Pacific the seed of future empires.— Whether this be so or not, Californians may at least consider the circumstance alluded to as redounding to their special advantage. From the unusual attention paid in our State to agriculture, it was to be feared that the amount of grain and fruit produce would exceed the demand, and thus seriously dis courage a most important interest; but these numerous mineral discoveries, of such tempting richness, will attract to our midst and to adjoining territories which we alone can supply) a large army of consumers.— Thus both of the great industrial features of the State will not only be sustained—they will receive a fresh impulse. The exodus of some of our present population to outside gold and silver regions will be more than made up by new corners, and those who leave ns will eventually return, many of them with fortunes to invest in the favored land where they are satisfied to live and die.— While the rush that the new mines will oc casion in so many different directions will multiply the cases of individual disappoint ment and even ruin, the masses of onr peo ple must be benefited and the common wealth enter upon a future of brilliant pros perity. Sorrowful Multitude of the Old —lt is sad to contemplate what a multitude of old, helpless, friendless men will be ob served in this State twenty years hence— those who shall have, without reward borne the burden and heat of the day, and verged down close to the rough grave which charity makes for the old. Already the whitening hair and furrowed cheek and uncertain steps are seen where vigorous manhood used to labor: the eye is growing dim with long and unsuccessful search for gold ; the heart be gins to beat heavy and slow with hope de ferred, and the once erect shoulders are be ginning to bow under manifold burdens.- Yet, labor toils on, hoping in the morrow. Hope—that which strengthens the tiring pin ions of the bird who beats her breast against the cliff’ where her young are starving; that which animates the failing swimmer who would float upon a straw; that which enters the chinks of a dungeon impervious to sun light—rouses the desponding worker, and ho toils on. unwilling to give up his first ambition. Every other means of livelihood is rejected, while the gold digger, with di minishing strength, smites the unyielding rock. But after a while those sounding blows will have brought out the stony hearted sexton Azrael—and the strong man who swung the iron in the mine will have found the lightest instrument of labor heavy and unyielding as the sword of Richelieu.— Telegram. A fastidious young lady calls knees the “'elbows of the lower limbs.'* YOL. 2. NO. 28 HOME MENTION Indian affairs continue to occupy a largfe share of legislative and public attention. — So far, the weight of e vidence elicited is very damaging to the chances of the bill appro priating nearly 3'1b,000 for the reward of such warriors as Jarboe, who says histfdnft pany of twenty men fought twenty-three en gagements in four months, killed 283 “war riors,” took 292 prisoners, and sustained only four wounds, excluding one on his own per son! This is almost equal to that famous battle between the Florentine mercenaries, in which several thousands were hotly en gaged for a number of hours, a great victory gained and only one man killed, and he was smothered in mud by the weight of his ar mor. There is no reason to doubt that the poor Diggers have been far more sinned against than sinning, and even if they had committed ten times the number of outrages charged to them, the system of private war fare upon them is abominably wrong ; hnA ought to be stopped The General Govern ment should either take prompt measures to gather the Indians upon Reservations, or else surrender all charge of them to the State. The discussion of this subject has awakened the attention of religionists to the fact that there are within our own borders human beings who demand missionary la- I bor more than any outside barbarians, no j matter bow distant they may be. The Pacific i Methodist says: “Let the Church ponder the i question : Are these heathen to be permitted to be blotted from existence without an ef fort to save them ? Shall we continue to ignore their claims to the benefits of the Gospel?” Western Utah and projected wagon roads across the Sierra Nevada thereto, arc favor ite topics with our mountain exchanges.— Half a dozen new roads will be under way by the opening of summer. The only one on which work has really been done, so far, is the Truckee Turnpike, destined to con nect Marysville, French Corral, Sweetland> North San Juan, Camptonville, Forest City, and Downicville with the silver mines. The old emigrant road over this route is already better than many mountain highways, and would be much traveled even without im provement. DeGroot’s useful map of the j Washoe regions gives the distances by difler i ont transmontane routes as follows ; Stock : ten and Sonora route to Walker river and Mono diggings, 205 miles ; Stockton and Big Tree route to Virginia City, 181 J miles? Sacramento and Piacerville route, 162 miles; Sacramento and Nevada route via Ilenncss Pass, 168 miles; and Marysville and North San Juan route, by the same pass, 130 miles. Lines of stages will doubtless be put upon all these roads immediately after the melting of the snows. An idea of the mildness of winter in the mountain regions of California may be gained from the fact, as given by the Yreka Union , that the mean temperature at that high lo cality, for the week ending Feb. 16lh, was 45°. Four days in the week were cloudy and rainy. We pay about a quarter of a million dol lars annually for Oregon apples. Washington’s birthday was more generally observed than common, especially b}* the newspapers. Nearly every one of our ex changes contained patriotic “leaders" on the occasion, and anathematized in approved form all who would raise a hand against the Union. The most public celebration was in the spirited mountain town of Downievillc-, where there was a grand military and fire man’s parade, with music, an oration, a banner presentation, praying and dancing. The total amount cf gold carried out of the State, as appears by the Custom House books, and Ss estimated as outgoing in pri vate bands, is not far from !?C50,000,000. — The true amount is far more likely to exceed than fall short of these figures. The present winter opened with a remark ably heavy rain. Subsequently there has been so much dry weather that miners and farmers arc alike complaining. In many districts fruit trees arc about to blossom, and a frost is likely enough to come and nip their promise, though heretofore frosts have not much affected our fruit harvests. The silk worms of Europe and India arc afflicted with a disease which it is feared will exterminate them ; it is therefore pro posed to cultivate a silk worm which is in digenous to California, and which is found on the cconathus plant near San Francisco. This native worm, says the Alta, instead of producing its silk in the cocoon, like those of other species, throws out a web or float ing mass of the precious product, which has not, to our knowledge, yet been woven into fabric, though it is thought to be of a qual ity equal to the best. A somewhat similar worm is found in Central America and Te* huantepec, and excellent silk is made from it. A German company has been formed irt San Francisco, for the purpose of expert menting with the California worm. The Folsom and Piacerville railroad sur vey has been commenced.