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THE HYDRAULIC PRESS.
BY AVERY & WATERS. She Jtydviuilic £rfss. PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING itfS* OJfi.ee on Main street, adjoining the Drug Store. r l£s Terms for the Paper. V)ne Year, invariably iuadvance .-..55 00 Jmx Months, ,f “ “ •. 300 A'hrce “ « « « 2 00 Terms fbt Advertising. 'One Square, (i- fines) first insertion, $.3 00 feach subsequent insertion, I 00 Business cards not exceeding fonr lines of this will be inserted for $6 00 a quarter. SALOONS & RESTAURANTS BILLIARDS, -15 CTS. AGING! SAN JUAN EXCHANGE. C. SCHARDIN a CO., WOULD respectfully inform their old friends and the puldic generally that they have recent ly made many improvements to the above named 'pop 'nlar resort, and are better prepared than ever to please all tastes. Three Hilliard Tables, In first-rate order—two of them new Marble Rods ami equal to any in the State. The wood bed is the fa- Vorite of the place. B O W 11IV G . Two splendid Ten-Pin Alleys are attached to The es tahlishment, well supplied with the perquisites of such an institution. It is the intention of the proprietor to use every exer tion to make the Exchange the favorite resort of all seekers of healthy pleasurable exercise. THE BAR Will be furnished with the very host WIVES AND Liqi ORS To he had in the San Francisco tlarhef. and no pains will be spared to make everything pleasant and attrac- The Bank Exchange BROWN & REESE UESPECTPULLY inform their old friends and the public generally, that they still hold forth at the corner of Main and Flume streets, where they keep tin very best Wines and Liquors, Ale, Porter , and Layer Beer. ■Also, the finest Ciprars and Tobacco. The establishment will be under the rare of Mr. DROWN, formerly of Philadelphia, who understands •equally well the art of dispensing and of pleasing. North San Juan, June 11, IS.VJ. ,4.‘stf C. SCHARDIN & CO., Wholesale ahd Retail Dealers in } Wines, LiqAftrs, Cigars and To bacco. Also— a general assortment of FRESH AND DRIED FRUITS, And Confection ery. SOUTH SIDE OF MAIN STREET. Worth Sttn Juan , Wot, 17, 1857. [1 tf ] Washington Restaurant Main Street, North San Juan. GEORGE CULLODI Informs the public that he continues to keep a first-class Restaurant ami Hoarding House at the above stand, serving up in ibis be.-t style all the dainties and luxuries of the market MEALS AT ALL HOURS. Clean Rooms anil Clean Beds For regular and transient lodgers, have been fitted up In connection with the Restaurant. They will be found inferior to none. PUBLIC OR PRIVATE PARTIES Furnished with Dinners or Suppers to order, hi the most satisfactory manner. Give George a Call. aug 1352tf WINE & LIQUOR STORES. Fine Old St randies C. E. HELFRICII, Soda Water Manufacturer. DEALER IX FIXE BRAXDIES, (Wines. Ale, Porter Ac. Brandies, of the following brand* : 'Old Sazornc, Otard, Jules. Robin A Co., United Vine yards. Martelle,(,'hainpaigne, Otard, &c., St c. Philadelphia and Holland Gin, •Old Tom, Santa Cruz and Jamaica Rum. Monongahela, Bourbon. Irish and Scotch Whiskey: Heidsick, Schreider and Morizette Champaignc: Port, Sliorry, Ginger, lloek, Santerne Claret Wines. Assorted Case Liquors, and SYRUPS. Ills extensive stock U now complete in every depart ment, and will be offered at SACRAMENTO PRICES. San Juan North, Nov. 17, 1557. [1 3m] SAN JUAN BREWERY. This well-known establishment, owned by Istofller k Koch, is now under the control of £the junior member, Mr. Koch, and will so remain until the settlementof the estate of Mr. Stoflier lately deceased. The business of manufacturing linger Boor will be continned as heretofore, and the old reputation ■of the article fully maintained. jan'Jl O. CLARK & CO., IMPORTERS And Dealers in LIQUORS, WINES &C., -AND— 3Etaxrana Cigars 2 SUCCESSORS TO M. COHN $ CO. Main street, next to Theater NORTH SAN JUAN. January 28, 1860. R OPEI REAMERS. Kerosene Lamps and Oil, FOR sale at the store of PECK t COLEY. BUSINESS CARDS. It H. FARQUHAR, Justice of the Peact) Bridgeport Township. Office, in the old Masonic Hall Main s.ieet.San Juan. 1 tf 0. P. STIDGER, Attorney at Law, Notary Public, And Conveyancer. Office on the north side of Main street, one door west of E V. Ifattield’s store, oppositethe PioUcefr, NORTH SAN JUAN. Nov. 13, 1837. 1 G. WILSON HILL, Attorney at hti w > VTUlattend promptly to all businessconfided tohis cate in Nevada and adjoining counties. Office—ln Abbott's Building. NEVADA. tflG JAMES CARPENTER, House, Sign and Decorative Painter, AXD Paper hanger* trn.SllOP—Foot of Main street, NORTH SAN JUAN. All work warranted to give satisfaction. jan 28 ~ TEETH! DR* E. FELLERS, DENTIST, North San JhaA HAS an office in the Pont Office Building, on Main Street, where be is prepared to perform all operations «pen TEETH, ot» the latest find most ap proved principles. By request, families will be waited oil at their resi dences. Office hours—from 7 o’clock A. M., to 5 o’clock 5?. 48-3 m JOHN A. SEELY, Agent for The STetv Idiia Quicksilver, The Res! and Purest Article in the. S ate! Post Office Building, North San Juan, Nevada ccnnty. DUS. -MYERS & CLARK, DENTISTS, Office, IJiiion Hotel, North San Juan. CS£a Mechanical Dentistry done on all new and most improved principles. «26 tf Oak Tree •Market • Mr.J.W GUTHRIE having brtotne a partner in the Oak Tree Market. TMa inese will hereafter be conducted under the name of J. W. GUTHRIE & CO. FRESH AND PICKLED MEATS, Fresh Reef. Pork, Mutton and Veal, killed every day. The Pest Cdrrtcd Btcf. Also=- ttccl tftiflc for Enquire as .above. N. B. All persons knowing themselves indebted to me. will call at the Oak Tree Market and settle up immediately. N. F. BROWN. North ran Juan, Feb’y Ist. 1800. fehl J. W. SUL LI VAN’S GREAT PACIFIC EMPORIOI, And 1 1 aural Again/ of Periodical Literature , And sole Agent for the California True Delta, California Boston Journal. Missouri Republican, Cin cinnatti Commercial. N. Y. Courier des flats Unis, New York II rahl, Triltune and 'Times. Ac., Ac.. Ac. Washington street, next door to the Post Office, SAN FRANCISCO. GEORGE THEALL, Expressman and General Agent. Runs a Daily Express from Forest City to Alleghanytown, Chips’ Flat and Minnesota. fljpCalifornia and Atlantic Newspapers and Magazines on hand and delivered to oidcr.~SX Agent for THE HYDRAULIC PRESS. J. E. ITLLER, EXPRESSMAN AND GENERAL AGENT, Runs a Dailv Express from Camp!oitvillc to Galena Hill. Voting's Hill, Tmli an Hill , Indian Yalleg, and Railroad Hill. California Dailies and Weeklies, and Atlantic papers mil periodicals delivered promptly. Agent for the Hydraulic Press. made. SAM. ABBEY, News Agent and Expressman, Runs a Daily Express from North Sand nan to Sebastopol. Swectland, Birchville and French Corral. California and Atlantic papers for sale. San Juan Feed Stable & Corral IT. SAXBY has opened a Feed Stable and • Corral at the lower end of. Main street. North San .1 nan, on the road to Sebastopol, for tho accommoda tion of Teamsters and t lie traveling public generally. He keeps on baud and for sale, Hay, Harley and Ground Feed. The Corral is large, conveniently situated and well watered, and admirably meets the wants of Drovers. There is also a largo and good stable on the premi es. 3 3m SMITHS EXPRESS, Runs Daily from North San Juan to Shady Creek, Cherokee. Little Grass Valley and Columbia Hill.— Also. Weekly to Arnold's Ranch, Bloomtield and Crisko. ■CyCalifornia and Atlantic Newspapers for sale. Let ter* and Packages carried, commit sions attended to and Collections made. Agent for the Hydraulic Press .1. B. PAINTER, (LA T B O’MEARA i PAIS TER.) Dealer in TYPE, PRESSES, PRINTING MATERIAL, Paper, Cards, and Printer's Slock generally, 1313 Clay street, near Sausomc, SAN FRANCISCO. jan 21 ly Furniture a bedding: at REAMER'S. w IN DOW SASH! at REAMER'S. Hydraulic Duck ! Nos. 0,00,000, 0000,00000,000000 3fc 0000000, For sale in any quantity by jan 28 PECK k COLEY. Fresh Petaluma Butter I IN ROLLS, at jan 28 PECK A COLEY S. R. REAMER IS receiving and opening a choice selection of Goods and offers them to thecititens of San Juan aud vi cinity cheap for cash. jan 21 c OAL OH* Lamps! at REAMER'S. CHOICE assortment of CROCKE* iRTI at HP AM KITS. Kerosene Lamps! NEW lot of these celebrated Lamps just received L at the SAN JUAN DRUO STOKE. j.v7 IAINTS anti OH.S, at the SAN JUAN DRUG STORE. NORTH SAN JUAN, NEVADA CO, SATURDAY, MARCH 10,1860. TRAVEL. LIVERY STABLE. Corner Main and Reservoir streets, Worth San Juan. T. G. SMITH, BARNEY CLOW SMITH & CIOW, Proprietors. its. m respectPciily inform the 'traveling public ▼ ▼ that they can be accommodated at a moment’? notice, with the best Saddle and Buggy Horses In the Mountains. LADIES, wishing to take a horseback ride, will find at ourstable, easy, gentle and spirited animals, with excellent side-saddles, Ac. Elegant Top Buggies ! And well matched horses for the ''ho desire them. Horses kept by the day ot week—..-11 fed and care fully groomed. Exchanges With Camptonville, Forest City and Nevada. Their large, new, and commodious stables enable them lo accommodate a very large number of Horses, and the public can depend upon finding every conven ience and care that can fcc foilnd in any lirst-Ctasss es tablishment of the kind North San Juan, Dec.lutli, 1858. 17tf VARIETY. Tin and Hardware Store. Stoves, Hardware, CooSc Stoves Parlor Stoves, w Hose Pipes , Par Store-*, Krk A General assorl- Sh clj ' Hard tea re, rnent of Tinware, Nails, nHSI Cutlet#) Builders Hardware , Carpenters' Tools, ButI s And Screivs, * Icon tl*td Steel, Galvanized Iron Pipe, 1 Voter Boxes dc., On hand and made to order. FRANK SMITH, Brick Row, Main street. North San Juan. Nov. 17,1357. Itf CENTAL RANCH SAW-MILL CLARK & CO. T DIRECT the attention of the public to their /splendid steam saw mill, which is now turning out the very best of YELLOW AND SUGAR PINE LUMBER, of every kind for building and mining purposes, "and delivering it promptly wherever ordered. They have unrivalled facilities for filling orders im mediately, and always sell the best material at lire low est prices. They also furnish every kind of SLUICE BLOCKS, as directed, and Call'Supply the citizens of North San Juan with the Best of Fire Wood Orders can be left at the mill, or at the office in Sul Juan, on Main street, under the flume. J. F. CLARK. J. B. JOHNSON. Nov. 19th. 1859. tf Wood and Liinihor Yard. (tLAUK &. CO. have an extensive Wood and J Lumber Yard at the corner of Cherokee and Res ervoir streets, by the terminus of the railway. Every kind of sawed lumber is kept always on hand, alld large or small demands ran be instantly supplied. Fire Wood, cither oak. pine or manzanita, green or dry, for sale in any quantity, and Will be delivered at short notice. Orders can bo left at the Yard, or at the ofiicc on Main street. J. F. CLARK. Nov. 19.1850. tf J B.JOHNSON. LI MBER ! LUMBER ! ! mtlE PROPRIETORS OP THE JL North San Juan Saw-Mill take this opportunity to inform the public that they have recently purchased the above-named property, which has been refitted at great, expense, and that they arc now prepared to furnish Sluice ami Building Lumber, And Blocks of all kinds, on short notice. All orders satisfactorily filled and promptly delivered. IV. B. All persons indebted to SAN JUAN MILL COMPANY for Lumber, will please take notice, that payments must he made to the nnder-igned alone. If made to any other party they will not he recognized as legitimate. A. S. WADLEICH. Agent San Juan Mill Co. July 28, 1859. 7tf Furniture! Furniture! Cheaper than the Cheapest I NEW Furniture always on hand and con stantly arriving at PECK k COLEY'S. •ftS-Prices to suit the most economical. CALL AND SEE. jan 7 COLUMBIA HILL STORE ! W. C. COLEY HAS opened a Cash Store at Columbia Hill, where lie offers to the public a choice assortment of Goods, consisting of Groceries and Provisions, Miners’ Implements, Ac., «fcc., A share of pationage is respectfully solicited. jan 28ff W C. COLEY. If You Want FRESH BEEF KILLED EVERY DAY, CALL OX GUTHRIE k CO., Oak Tree Market. STOTIfE. SOLDIERS, TEAMSTERS, SAILORS, (or their widows or orphan children.) who served in any Wars or Battles, either in California or elsewhere, pri or to Maroh 3d. 1855, or their children who were un der 21 years at That date, or sailors who served on the const of California In the Mexican war, will do well to address us. Claims that have been rejected in the hands of other agents, have been successfully obtained by ns. Agents acting for ns. liberally paid. Land war rants bought and sold to order, and all business re quiring an agent at Washington, attended to. R. B. LLOYD k CO., Attorneys for Claims. Pensions. Bounty Land. Ac. Reference to any of the beads of Departments, jan 28 lOw Cam phene and Coal Oil AT reduced prices, at jan2l REAMERS. A CHOICE assortment of BOOTS, at jan 21 REAMER'S. Oregon hams and shoulders, at jan 21 REAMER'S. 0 000 aad 000000 Duck, jan 28 at REAMER'S. ®he YtydrauUc iVss. B. P. AVERY. EDITOR. The Richest Quartz ix the World. —Tins is what may be said of the Wonderful quartz vein lately struck near Jacksonville, South ern Oregon, if the reports concerning it prove to be true. At present there seems to be no sufficient reason for doubting The telegraphic rumor to which tve alluded last Week is confirmed by a regular corbos pondent of the Alta , writing on the spot. — He declares that the Emigrant Company cleaned up after ten hours grinding, with a common arastra, 490 ounces of gold, worth about 7,840! This was merely from out croppings. ‘’The same day two of the com pany commenced taking quarts Irom the ledge. They worked about sis hours, then weighed the quartz taken out, and from a safe estimate, it was found that, in that short space of time, they had taken out the enor mous sum of §50,000'. These figures may seem astounding, but they express nothing more than solid fact.” The Allas correspondent then gravely re marks : “It is now ascertained that there is twelve feet of the ledge of pure nnburned quartz, twenty inches wide and six feet deep, that is permeated with threads of gold, and will pay above ten dollars per pound. So far, its richness increases with depth. The last quartz they took out yesterday, at the depth of six feet, pays one dollar to the ounce.— To-morrow they could easily take out §IOO,- 000 worth ot quartz.” Tins may all be true, for in the economy of nature gold is worth no more thah aily other metal, and there is perhaps no reason in the nature of things why it should not be found yet in solid masses, like copper on Lake Superior. But such extraordinary statements as the above require the most ample confirmation, before they can be im plicitly credited. In what an age of won ders we do live, to be sure ! A New Hero. —America has a new hero, llccnan, familiarly called the “Benecia Boy”, a fistic warrior who fights for love and money—llccnan, who stands six feet two in his socks, who is happy in being connubially bound to the fair Adah Menken, actress and poet, and more happy in the affections of his countrymen—Heenan is the new “man,” upon whom arc fixed the eyes of two great nations, lie has gone across the Atlantic ocean to prove himself the “champion of America,” by overcoming Sayres, the pugil istic so'brcign of Britain. Not only Young America delights in our muscular hero, but his sayings and doings are eagerly chronicled by the most dignified .journals for the edifi cation of adult admirers, and his name is lisped by the fair tenants of drawing rooms, in whose bosoms rankles a secret envy of the fortunate Menken. We shudder to think that one blow from Sayre may topple this new hero from his pedestal, and a few more send him back with a bruised “mug” to ro mantic Adah, who poetically sighs ; Come back to me! my life is young— >ly soul is scarcely on her way. And all the starry songs she sung Are preludes to a grander lay Como back to me! * • The pine forests of the Southern States yield annually lumber, resin, pilch and tur pentine to the value of from twelve to fif teen million dollars; those of North Caroli na alone yield more than ten million, yearly, just for what tar, pitch and turpentine arc exported. These facts indicate the prospect ive value of the unrivalled pine forests of the Pacific, though great inroads are already being made into the forests of the Sierra Nevada for the supply of mining wants. — Tunnels, flumes and sluices consume timber with astonishing speed. Spiritual manifestations have lately been utilized in New York, where the invisible rappers l —strange to say—lately made noise enough to attract the attention of a police man, and so prevent aburglary. In another instance they turned the gas on in a sleep ing man’s bed-room, and awoke him to the care of his treasures. Le Phare, the able French journal of San Francisco, makes its appearance this week in an improved dress. The foreign corres pondence of Le Phare is peculiarly excellent, and its views on all topics are quite enligh tened. Dancing and raffling in aid of churches are common occurrences in this “great and growing State.” The latest instance was the rafle of a family poney to obtain means j towards the purchase of a clock for the tower of a Catholic church in Sacramento. A Cincinnati chemist has found that nine ty per cent, of the alcoholic liquors sold in that city are impregnated with the most per nicious and poisonous ingredients. The best account of the physical charac teristics and topography of Western Utah yet published, has appeared in the Alta re cently. from the pen of H. De Groot. Assemblyman 'Curtis, of this county, has made two unsuccessful attempts to have the Legislature agree to an early adjournment. WeNeed an Industrial Society. Heretofore we have presented brief argu ments favoring the organization, in Nevada county, of a sociely devoted to the various, but intimately connected interests, of agri culture, mining and mechanics. Thinking that another season would be more propi tious for the advocacy of sdeh an important project, further allusion was withheld until the present time; and now—while hundreds of our citizens are plowing virgin soil, causing grain and luscious frtiits to grow where none grew before, and ejecting civil ized abodes where late the bark or earthen huts of Indians were the only residences— we venture another effort to fix public atten tion upon a plan for promoting the welfare of our county. There is no necessity to dilate upon the general advantages of industrial societies. The useful influence they exert by publishing the resources aud productive capacity of particular localities, as well as of a whole country, aud the propulsion they give to ev ery branch of industry by educating the pub lic mind and exciting a wholesome emulation, are too well appreciated, even in California, to require elaborate statement. The only question for us, as citizens of Nevada coun ty, is this: Do we need such a society in our midst ? Is there Acre a field sufficiently wide for its operations ? Have we resources or capacities which, by such an agency, could be made better known and be more quickly developed? In short—is there in a mining county any great interest, besides mining, which should be fostered, and which-, if fostered, would make such county more prosperous and its people more happy ? We answer—there is-. The day has gone by for doubting the permanence of the settlements in mining counties. The notion originally advanced, that the mineral regions were fit for mining purposes alone, und would never be occupied by Other than roving tribes of gold hunters-, has become virtually obsolete. Hist in proportion to the decrease of the fa cility with which mineral wealth conld be acquired by labor without capital, has been the increase in the number of indusrial pur suits in these regions, and the multiplication of laud»cultivators and home-builders.— Thousands who ate weary of the precarious pursuit of gold seeking, as well as thousands who still follow it with more or less success, have found in the soil treasures once unsus pected to exist there. They have discovered that while Nature was busy strewing through the mountains of California, more plentifully than elsewhere, the metallic representative of riches, she also cunningly diffused through the red and black loam of hillside and val ley those wonderful salts which the alchemy of the cultivator transmutes into real wealth, and hangs upon the tree in blushing spheres, and upon the vine in purple clusters, or spreads over the ground in a carpet of bloom and verdure. In more sober language— everybody now knows that the mountain soil is exceedingly valuable for tillage ; that it will “pay” for that when it docs not pay for running through sluices; that the moun tain climate is admirably adapted to fruit aud vegetable culture and sheep raising, no less than to the healthy growth and con stant physical enjoyment of man; and that where soil and climate are thus favorable to permanent settlement, other avocations than those of mining and agriculture—though these will take the k-ad—must inevitably spring into vigorous existence, and moun tain communities become self-sustaining. On the score of attention to these lately appreciated resources and capacities, Ne*- vada is in advance of most mining counties. While she has been surpassed by no other county in liberal and intelligent efforts to explore the mineral deposits and improve the appliances for their extraction, she has taken a prominent part in the inauguration of a more legitimate industry. Her half a thousand square miles of agricultural, graz ing and timber lands are largely occupied by people who arc planting orchards, vine yards and gardens, building mills, shops, school houses and churches, and laying the corner stones of stable homes and good so ciety. So far, well. We desire now to see her zeal assume the form of association for systematic action. An industrial society, devoted impartially to agriculture, mining and mechanics, will serve to quicken the public interest; will collect information for the guidance and encouragement of those who need both ; will afford palpable proofs of what is not now fully believed abroad, because asserted only by sanguine journal ists; will show our eastern kindred that we are not discontented nomads, encamped but for a season; will make our county a sharer in the desirable repute enjoyed by the strictly agricultural counties, and thus attract to our midst a portion of the immigration which yearly reaches the State in search of home- j steads. Regions where industry is multi plied in its forms and stimulated by immense production of the precious metals, thrive more rapidly and yiel£ a greater amount of wealth Co the individual than regions ten anted exclusively by tillers of the soil and the few tradesmen necessary to supply the simplest wants of such a population. We believe that Nevada county can be made to illustrate this proposition, if her citizens will undertake the task, and not wait for tho slow march of circumstance to accomplish what energetic action can anticipate. VOL. 2. NO. 29 “ A Better Instance, Shepherd.” — Ifhe (zolden Era Waxes indignant over a per article which declares the tftartied Ufa of literary people to he thftappy, ahi ih disproof refers to Shakespeare, Miltoh, Cer vantes, Samuel Johnson, Chauceh, Dryden, Cowper, Scott, Shelley, Prolfessor Wilson-, Lockhalt, Jerrold, Macaulay, Tom Moore> Benjamin FrAnklite, PreScolt, Loftgfellow, Morris and others. We agVee with the Era'i argument, but consider some of its illustra tions rather unfortunate. There is no ptodf that Shakspeare’s mart iag'e was a happy one> w hile that profound scholar atatl Astute critic DeQuincey pretty conclusively decides that it was hot. The great draftiAtist was A there boy when he marriedAnnllathawaV,who was con siderably his senior, and he might not have perpetrated matrimony with her at all if ho had hht, As DcQuiucey delicately argues, cropped its sweets hy prelibation, and beeft constrained by circumstances And a sense Of honor to make the only reparation possible. All he left her in his will was his second b’est bedstead, though perhaps he would haVe bequeathed her the first best if that bad hot beeft an heirloom. Hilton’s cbnjhgAl ekpe* riencc was notoriously unhappy, at least at its commencement. His first wife left him, for some cause unknown, a few weeks aflcf taking his ftame, awd his Violent tagb there at, w hich led to the production of seVeral well known treatises on divorce, may be considered the only spot oft his 'chAfaCter. Within a ybar the illustrious cofiple were reunited, but there is no evidence to estab lish their subsequent felicity, except thfe fact that Milton took a second wife not long after the death of his first. He was a man Of very severe notions concerning women. Old Sam Johnson-, the trsa Major of English litera ture-, matried a widow of about forty when he was only twenty-seven He said it was a marriage of love, and we are bound to be* lievebim. Dryden Vras Wedded to a lady of rank, who brought him a fortune. Such nnlohs are seldom blissful, and this one was hardly an exception to the rule, for the poet and his noble spouse are said to have had an uncomfortable ime of it. Cowper was never married at all, though his platonic love for the excellent widow Unwin, who gave him a home until her death, Was the chief conso lation of his melancholy existence. Scott was mated to. a woman of ordinary mind who could not appreciate him, but they lived pleasantly together if there was no remark able felicity in their union. Poor Shelley was unhappy in his first marriage, which ho annulled without legal process; but his sub sequent union with the intellectual Mary Wolstoncroft was every way fortunate.— Macaulay was another literary bachelor. He was never married except to the muses. The remainder of the instances cited above are, so far as we can remember, quite pertinent. A New Idea In National Defences. —The year 1859 will be known in British history as the era of a national fright equal to that which is linked with the name of the Span ish Armada. But brother Bull’s fear of a French invasion led to the organisation of a volunteer military force in imitation of the American system, and more recently to the establishment of a naval reserve force, which is a decided novelty. It is composed of healthy Britains not over thirty-five years old, with five years previous experience at sea, who are required to attend seaman’s drill during twenty-eight days in each year and are entitled to receive about forty dol lars per annum, payable quarterly, and a pension of not less than sixty dollars per annum whenever they become incapacitated from earning their livelihood or attain the age of sixty years. When on drill they re ceive the same victualling and allow ances as seamen of the fleet, besides having their expenses paid to and from the place of drill; and in case of being called to service are put upon precisely the same footing, in all respects, as the regular seamen of the Navy. A Bell for San Francisco. —A recent number of the Illustrated London Netcs con tains a pictorial description of the casting of a great steel bell for San Francisco, at the works of Naylor, Vickers & Co., Sheffield, The weight of the casting was 5,824 pounds; its dimensions, 5 feet 3 inches high, 6 feet 2 inches in diameter at the mouth. The thickness of what is called the sound bow, where the clapper strikes, is 4J inches. The bell is to be used as a lire alarm. Steel was used iu making it, because it is considerably cheaper than “bell metal,” and, being also stronger, a smaller weight suffices for any required result. The Calaveras Chronicle tells of a lecturer at Lancba Plana who said, that when he was a boy he used to walk four miles to school and four miles back again, through snow four feet deep , in the City of New Orleans. There has been a remarkable change of cli mate at the Crescent City since that time I A number of Chicago babies were lately baptised with water brought from the river Jordan —warranted genuine.