Newspaper Page Text
PACIFIC COAST NEWS
Commercial and Financial Happenings of Interest In the Growing Western State. Creamery for Sheridan. At a meeting held at Sheridan, Or. for the purpose of discussing the cream ery question, H. . Loundsbury, of the Southern Pacific, and Dr. Withycombe, of the state agriculture college, made addiesses. A large number of the rep resentative farmers of that district were present and listened very attentively to the interesting data presented by Dr. Withycombe's address. Questions were asked, and all present weie im pressed with the desirability of starting a creamery at that point, as they all admit that no money can be made or mortgages lifted with wheat at present prices, and especially as fruit and hop raising have not given the relief ex pected mainly, however, on account of lack of co-operation in marketing the product. Washington State Militia. There is a movement on foot to hold the militia state encampment at Taco ma in July. Governor Rogers favors the project. The state provides for the expenses while in camp only, and rail way fare and other expenses incurred will have to be borne by the men if the event of the state encampment idea is carried out. There are no funds avail able from the state treasury for en campment purposes this year, but efforts are being made by the Tacoma contingent to provide for the entertain ment of the visiting companies. Sawmill at Deer Creek. A sawmill of 40,000 feet capacity daily is soon to be in running order on Deer creek, one half mile above Britton station. This new company has been formed by Robert Service, Charlie Tibbs and Thomas Tibbs. The Tibbs brothers have timber that will make 15,000,000 feet of lumber on Deer cieet. The mill is furnished with a large dynamo, which will furnish lights for the mill and lumber yard. The machinery is all in transit, and is to be in running order within 40 days. Putting in a Ballast. The Northern Pacific is still working a large force of men on the roadbed between Vollmer and Clearwater, Ida., and putting in a ballast of a most per manent nature. The ballast consists of clay and small rock about the size of an egg, which, when once set, becomes like concrete. It will take about two months yet to put the grade in first class condition, and the company is not sparing any pains to do everything in good shape. Asked to Pledge Acreage. At New berg, Or., blank contracts furnished by the Willamette Beet Sugar Company have been received and the canvass among the farmers for securing acreage will begin at once. Solicitors have been appointed, viz.: A. Clark, D. Turner, W. Cooper, William Man ning and R. B. Linnville. As a basis for beginning the canvass 1,000 acres have already been subscribed at public meetings. Small Strike at the Paper Hills. Eleven boys employed as cutter? in tho Willamette Pulp & Paper Mills, at Oregon City, Or., walked into the com pany's office and asked for an increase of wages from 75 cents to $1 per day. The matter was finally compromised by a promise to give the boys steady work. Only about three of the num ber were working on full time, the others getting on an average of 15 to 20 days each month. Smallpox Among Indians. The quarantine that had been placed on the Indian settlement at the mouth or Cayote gulch, near Lewiston, Idaho, some weeks ago. has been, raised. There were nine cases of smallpox un der quarantine, and one of the victims, u woman, died as a result of going bathing while afflicted with the dis- New posts are being set in the tele phone line between Yale and Ontario, Or. The Toledo, Or., creamery is now re ceiving about 1,000 pounds of milk daily, and will shortly have nearly all it can use. J. T. Moylan, representing an east ern syndicate, was in Kalama, Wash., closing a deal for purchase of timber lands on the Coweeman river. The prices paid run rom $1,600 to $3,500 per quarter section. A gilt-watch faker has been working the people of Elgin, Or. Ripe wild strawberries were picked near McMinnville, Or., April 23. An expert is examining the coal pros pects on Birch creek, 20 miles south of Pendleton, Or. Ellensbnrg's, Wash., municipal electric lighting plant is about to be improved at a cost of a little more than $3,000. New Whatcom has $73.80 on hand to entertain President McKinley when he shall visit the coast and that town the coming summer. Preparations are making for a big season at the watering places of West port and Cohasset, Gray's Harbor. New seashore attractions and excursion rates are advertised. The Walla Walla creamery is using 10,000 pounds of milk per day, and will soon have a branch running at Freewater. One-half of the milk now consumed comes from Umatilla county, Oregon. George Mapes is gathering his cattle near Plush, Lake county, Or., to take them south. He will take about 1,200 head. He has wagons arranged like hayracks upon which to haul the calves that are not able to make the trip on foot. K. Elliott, of Lebanon, Or., has sold 200 head of Crook county horses to R. W. Nichols. Mr. Nichols will first take a drove of them to California and sell them, and will then take a lot to Portland. A new rule has just been adopted by the Spokane police department by which any Indian found in the city who has not a pass from the Indian agent or is not on some special business will be promptly arrested as a vagrant and sent back to the reservation. Eleven Indians were jailed the first day. BRADSTREET'S REPORT. Further Subsidence of Prices. Demand and Brad street's says: A further subsid ence of demand and leveling of prices is noted in several lines this week, this leveling being no doubt aided by the unsettling effect of the rather more than usually disturbed considerations in labor circles. Its net result is some thing approaching dullness in many channels of distribution, increased con servatism in the making of ventures and a disposition to digest business al ready arranged for before making new engagements. That the basic condi tions of general business, such as the outlook for crops, the export demand and the increased purchasing power of the people at large, have not been much reduced, but, on the contrary, actually improved, seems evident from the advices received this week. Business at wholesale is relatively quieter, which is not unusual at this period, but more than ordinarily mark ed attention is being concentrated upon retail demand, which is, of course, re lied upon as a measure of progress of actual consumption. Touching this public demand, it may be stated that relatively best reports come from the Pacific coast and from the Noithwest. Flour shipments this week are very large. Wheat, including flour, ship ments for the week aggregate 4,537,022 bushels, against 3,863,863 bushels last week. For the week failures number 153 in the United States, as compared with 182 last week. Failures for April in the Dominion were fewer than in April a year ago, but liabilities were nearly 15 per cent heavier. PACIFIC COAST TRADE. Seattle Markets. Onions, $9. Lettuce, hot house, 40 45c doz. Potatoes, $1617; $1718. Beets, per sack, 50 60c. Turnips, per sack, 40 60c. Carrots, per sack, 75 85c. Parsnips, per sack, 50 75c. Cauliflower, California 85 90c. Strawberries $2. 00 2. 50 per case. Celery 40 60c per doz. Cabbage, native and California, $1.00 1.25 per 100 pounds. Apples, $2.00 2. 75; $3.00 3. 50. Prunes, 60c per box. Butter Creamery, 22c; Eastern 22c; dairy, 1722c; ranch, 15(2 17c pound. Eggs 15 16c. Cheese 14 15c. Poultry 14c; dressed, 14 16c; spring, $5. Hay Puget Sound timothy, $11.00 12.00; choice Eastern Washington timothy, $18.00 19.00 Corn Whole, $23.00; cracked, $23; feed meal, $23. Barley Rolled 'or ground, per ton, $20. Flour Patent, per barrel, $3.25; blended straights, $3.00; California, $3.25; buckwheat flour, $6.00; gra ham, per barrel, $3.00; whole wheat flour, $3.00; rye flour, $3.804.00. Millstnffs Bran, per ton, $13.00; shorts, per ton, $14.00. Feed Chopped feed, $19.00 per ton; middlings, per ton, $20; oil cake meal, per ton, $80.00. Fresh Meats Choice dressed beef steers, price 8c; cows, 7c; mutton 8c; pork, 8c; trimmed, 9c; veal, 8 10c. Hams Large, 13c; small, 1 3 34 ; breakfast bacon, 12 c; dry salt sides. 8c. Portland Market. Wheat Walla Walla. 62 53c; Valley, 53c; Bluestem, 56c per bushel. Flour Best grades, $3.00; graham, $2.50; superfine, $2.10 per barrel. Oats Choice white, 86c; choice gray, 33c per bushel. Barley Feed barley, $14 14.50; brewing, $16.00 16.50 per ton. Millstnffs Bran, $13 per ton; mid dlings, $19; shorts, $15; chop, $14 per ton. Hay Timothy, $9 10; clover, $7 7.50; Oregon wild hay, $6 7 per ton. Butter Fancy creamery, 80 35c; seconds, 45c; dairy, 25 80c; store, 2225c. Eggs 16c per dozen. Cheese Oregon full cream, 18c; Young America, 14c; new cheese 10c per pound. Poultry Chickens, mixed, $4.00 4.50 per dozen; hens, $5.00; springs, $2.503.50; geese, $6.508.00 for old; $4.506.50; ducks, $6.007.00 per dozen; turkeys, live, 14 15c per pound. Potatoes 40 70c per sack; sweets, 2 2 34c per pound. Vegetables Beets, $1; turnips, 75c; per sack; garlic, 7o per pound; cab bage, lo per pound; parsnips, 75; onions, 3c per pound; carrots, 60c. Hops 2 8c per pound Wool Valley, 12 13c per pound; Eastern Oregon, 1015c; mohair, 27 80c per pound. Mutton Gross, best sheep, wethers and ewes, 3c; dressed mutton, 7 73c per pound; lambs, 5c. Hogs Gross, choice heavy, $6.00; light and feeders, $4.50; dressed, $5.00 6.50 per 100 pounds. Beef Gross, top steers, $4. 00 4. 50; cows, $3.504.00; dressed beef, 6a 1o per pound. Veal Large, 67c; small, 8 83c per pound. Tallow 55a'c; No. 2 and grease, 31s4c per pound. San Francisco Market. Wool Spring Nevada, 14 16c per pound; Eastern Oregon, 12 16c; Val ley, 20 22c; Northern, 10 12c. Hops 1899 crop, 11 13c pet pound. Butter Fancy creamery 1717c; do seconds, 16163-c; fancy dairy, 16c; do seconds, 14 15c per pound. Eggs Store, 15c; fancy ranch, 17c. Millstuffs Middlings,, $17.00 10.00; bran, $12. 50 18. 60. Hay Wheat $6.50 9.50; wheat and oat $6.009.00; best barley $6.00 7.00; alfalfa, $6.006.60 per ton; straw, 25 40c per bale. Potatoes Early Rose, 60 66c; Ore gon Bur banks, 70c $ 1.00; river Bur banks, 40 75c; Salinas Bur banks, 80c1.10 per sack. Citrus Fruit Oranges, Valencia, $2.763.26; Mexican limes, $4.00 6.00; California lemons 76c$1.60 do choice $1.75 2.00 per box. Tropical Fruits Bananas, $1.60 2.50 per bunch; pineapples, : nom inal; Persian dates, 66Ko per pound. WALK TO NOKTH POLE OARING PLAN OP TWO VETERAN KLONDIKER& They Will Attempt to Take a Stroll to the Northernmost Point on Earth Unhampered by any Heavy Load of Equipment or Provisions. A plan unique In some respects for reaching that coveted place on the globe the north pole was outlined In the Chicago Dally News recently on the proposed expedition northward by two veteran Klondlkers Mark Rum- sey and Harold Sorenson. Together these men braved, the terrors of the frozen north In their search for gold In the Klondike, were successful, and have now determined to utilize the ex perience thus gained In making an at tempt to reach the most northern point on the earth's surface and plant the American flag under the north polar star. Mr. Rumsey, who Is to be the leader of this novel expedition, is 45 years old, and in making bis attempt to do what so many have failed to ac complish will carry out a cherished ambition of his life. His companion. as his name indicates, is of Scandlna vlan blood, which always responds to the spirit of perilous adventure. Discarding the elaborate plans and preparations of previous explorers of northern latitudes, Rumsey and Soren son will make the entire journey north ward overland or rather, overland as far as possible and elsewhere over Ice. Lieut Peary, by his journey of 1,000 miles across the ice cap of northern Greenland, may be said to have demon strated the possibility of the overland plan of reaching the pole. It Is the pur pose of these daring travelers to utilize the British military posts and forts in the far northwest as bases for depart ure and they have been promised hearty co-operation by British officers. Going by boat from Seattle to Juneau and thence across mountains and rivers to ! Fort Frances, they will there establish their first station. The second will be Fort Simpson, 200 miles farther to the north. Thence they will cross the Mac kenzie river and follow the waters of Lake La Matre to the east, establishing a station at the headwaters of the lake and then going eastward to Fort Enter prise on Lake Providence, the last out post station to the northward. From this point tbey will proceed in a gen eral northeastward direction, passing on their way the Island of Boothia, where the' magnetic pole is located. Still swerving northward, they will es tablish supply stations as they go until they reach northern Greenland. From Cape Kane they expect to go almost due north to the pole over ice floes, their stations and caches of provisions being still nearer together as they ap proach their goal. This, as will be seen, is a plan some what similar to that of Lieut. Peary's, but, unlike his, involves no expensive ship outfit and discards some of the regulation supplies for northern explor ers. The men who will make the at tempt to reach the pole by this new route will rely mainly upon an abun dance of fresh provisions forwarded to them from station to station by relays of men, the expedition employing more assistants for this purpose than any that have preceded it in the history of polar exploration. Mr. Rumsey realizes that the plan he proposes is an arduous one that may re quire, possibly, ten years for its ulti mate success. With ample resources for employing men and forwarding sup plies the plan seems to be at least as practical as any that have yet been proposed, perhaps more so. Its sim plicity is its chief strength, and while some may question the utility of all such expeditions, the fact remains that men will always be found ready to un dertake them. That being the case, Americans will be proud, of course, if the flag of be republic should be the first to be unfurled at the point on the earth's surface heretofore impregnably defended by frost and cold. CURIOUS CA8E Resulting from the Taxation of Honey Bees by the Turks. There is a curious illustration of the rapacity of Turkish officials In a report sent to the State Department by Con sul Merrill at Jerusalem. Palestine was once considered a land flowing with milk and honey. Modern methods of cultivating the honey bee were not Introduced until 1880, when a Swiss family named Baldensperger made a start and began making honey. It was not long before this Industry began to attract the attention of the Govern ment, and at first a tax of a little less than 10 cents a hive was imposed, but this was soon Increased by an ingeni ous device whereby the officials not only counted the actual hives, but ev ery door, window and hole in which they could see any bees moving was reckoned as a "hive," with the result that 150 hives were counted as 2,000. The matter had to be carried to court, and was not settled till after two years of litigation, when the Baldenspergers were found in debt to the government to the amount of about $500. This decision affected one large apiary only. It was In 1889 that the judgment was rendered, and, as the Baldenspergers refused to pay, this apiary was sold at auction In Jeru salem for about $1.25 per hive. The difficult part of the work was to deliver the goods to the purchaser, which the officials were bound to do. The purchaser, the officials and a large number of camels and camel drivers went to the place where the apiary stood, expecting to take It away, but, as the bottom boards of the hives hap pened to be unhooked, the bees, when the hives were touched, swarmed, and everybody had to retreat. A com promise was effected, one-half the amount demanded being paid, and the bees remained in the hands of their original owners. Chicago Tribune. EVERYBODY KNtW MR. SMITH. Merchant's Experience tn Vialtingr a Rival Store. Mr. Smith is one of the managers of a big department store down town. The other day his wife came by for him to go to luncheon. "Now, I like the menu at she said, naming a rival store on State street. "Let's go over there." Smith makes it a point never to go Into another shop, and there is no or deal he dreads' so much. "They always think you're nosing around for pointers," he explains. But Mrs. Smith insisted, and they started off. Two feet inside the rival store a voice called out, cheerfully: "Howdy do, Mr. Smith?" It was a "cash" who had formerly worked for Smith. "Ah, Mr. Smith, what brings you around?" queried a floor walker In the next aisle. "My gracious, there's Mr. Smith!" twittered a girl at the perfumery count er, who likewise once clerked at the Smith store. Nothing would do but that Mr. Smith and his wife must be sprinkled from a bottle of the choicest violet, "for good luck." "Well, I am glad to give you a lift, Mr. Smith," remarked the elevator man. In the dining-room six waiters recog nized Smith, the cashier shook hands with him, and, coming out, the proprie tor of the shop clapped him on the shoulder cheerfully. It was the same sort of a continuous levee on the way out Everybody knew Smith. "I told you so," groaned Smith. "Anyhow, you seem to be popular," said Mrs. Smith, who appeared to be thinking things over. Chicago Inter Ocean. "MS '"-s ' i Henry James was once praising the work of a fellow author. "You are very kind to him," said some one present, "for he says very unpleasant things about your work." "Ah," said Mr. James, "but then both of us may be wrong!" At a time of crisis in foreign affairs, the Princess Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck, was seated at dinner next Mr. Disraeli. She was anxious to under stand the apparent inaction of the gov ernment and asked him suddenly, "What are we waiting for?" He took up the menu, glanced at it and gravely replied: "Mutton and potatoes, ma'am." During the Franco-Prussian war a well-known English corespondent was sent to the front by his paper, and on one occasion Von Moltke sent for him and said: "Mr. , on such and such a day the German army will perform such and such a movement If that appears in the " (naming the pa per) "you will be shot" The news did not appear. Sir Augustus Harris once settled the pltcjquestion in his own offhand f ash- I - A M 1 . J n A his 1UU. A lULUUUS pxiuiu uuuuu ui ma opera company came to him complain ing that the piano used for vocal re hearsals was too high, and asking that it might be lowered. "Certainly," re plied Druriolanus, with a bow; "here. Forsyth, have a couple of Inches sawn off the legs of this piano." Prince Hohenlohe is a strong advo cate of Emperor William's scheme for a great ship canal which will connect the Interior of Germany with the ocean. In discussing the subject with one of the agrarian nobles,, who opposes the project the latter said: "Your excel lency, you will find the opposition to be a rock In the path of your canal." The prince's eyes twinkled as he re torted, "We'll Imitate the Proihet Moses, smite the rock, and then the water will flow." The late Archbishop of York (:Dr. Magee) made an eloquent speech in t he House of Lords in opposition to Glad stone's bill for the disestablishment of the Irish church. Incidentally he said that he "could not regard it as consist ent with the salvation of his Immortal soul to vote for the bill." A moment later, one peer who was coming Into the house inquired of another who was going out: "Who is on his feet now?" The outgoing peer, who stammered, re plied: "Archbishop M-M-Magee .s t-t-talking against the d-d-d-disestab- lishment of the Irish church." "What does he say?" "He says he'U be d-d-d d If he votes for the bill." When Representative Gibson, of Ten nessee, was speaking in Congress one day recently, It was observed that a member sitting tn a neighboring chair was fast asleep. This occurrence was not unusual ,but for a man who speaks as loud as Mr. Gibson to have a sleep ing neighbor seemed to his political op ponents a good Joke. So one of them interrupted Mr. Gibson to report that somebody near him was sleeping and to suggest that be should speak a lit tle louder. Mr. Gibson, who Is a mem ber of the pension committee, promptly retorted, as he turned toward his sleep ing colleague, "If he cannot hear me he ought to have a pension for deafness." Several stories of the quick wit and brilliant repartee of . Mrs. Craigie ("John Oliver Hobbes") are told in Town Topics. Everybody knows the old story of how Mrs. Van Rensselaer Cruger said she would prefer to be kissed to death, and bow, when she was pointed out to Mrs. Craigie at the opera, that lady said: "She will never find an executioner." The sequel, how ever, Is not so generally known. A re ception was given for Mrs. Craigie, and Mrs. Cruger wrote to decline, adding that she would not express regret that she already had an engagement as it so frequently proved disillusioning to meet authors after having read their works. On being shown the note Mrs. Craigie remarked that "having read the works of Mrs. Cruger, one could not possibly be disillusioned In meeting her." Mrs. Craigle's verdict on "The Quick or the Dead?" was that the reader was distinctly de trop. She was asked what she thought of the passage where the heroine returns to her home after an Interval of two years, finds a half-smoked cigar where her husband had left it picks it up and kisses it pas sionately. Mrs.- Craigie was asked If she thought it true to life. "Well, hard ly," she replied, "the woman who would have done that would have eaten it" A defective stomach keeps more pet pie awake than a guilty conscience. THE WOMAN AND THE BIGHT WAY TO ALIGHT. ft is asserted by street railway men that ninety-nine women out of every 100 get off the cars "wrong side to:" In this lies the secret of the many dangerous and humiliating falls that women encounter in alighting from street cars. There is one safe rule to follow, and that is step with the car; keep your face headed in the direction the car is going, and step the same way. Chicago Inter Ocean. INVENTORS AT WORK. Rich and Poor Scientists with the Same End in View. It so happens that to-day other inves tigations are being carried on with a view to wrest some secret from nature whereby there may be improvement in the propulsion of vessels and the cheap ening of the cost Some of these scien tists have no temptation in the way of the gaining of a fortune, whereas, oth ers are inspired wholly by that Im pulse. Thus, John Jacob Astor, who Is fond of mechanics and finds bis chief recreation in his amateur workshop and laboratory, is reported by some of our steamboat owners to feel sure that ; he had discovered a method of pro pelling steamboats in such manner , that storms will not affect them, and bo that they will ride the seas as smoothly and easily during a tempest as they do in fair weather. Mr. Astor's apparatus is not ex plained any further than that he ex pects to accomplish these results. The practical steamboat men to whom he j has spoken speak with some cynicism about his apparatus, but their doubts would be much greater were it not known that Mr. Astor can both drive ! and make a locomotive engine, that he has invented several ingenious ma chines, and has a good understanding of the fundamental principles of physics. On the other hand, Mr. Colin Camp bell, a poor man, but one of those scien tific enthusiasts who are looked upon as eccentric, almost cranks, until at last they achieve something and are then spoken of as geniuses, has perfect confidence that an apparatus which be Is now explaining to those who own or control steamboats, will be far su perior to the screw propeller or the pad dle wheel for certain purposes. It can be described briefly and untechnlcally as an apparatus which, by the explo sion of powder from a tube suspended below the rudder, will propel the boat Some of the steamboat men laugh at the proposition and would probably laugh harder were it not known that Mr. Campbell is a warm friend of Chauncey M. Depew, who has had con fidence In him and has supported him in some of his earlier mechanical suc cesses, Mr. Campbell looks for the pecuniary rewards. They are his Inspiration.; Mr. Astor finds his whole inspiration in the excitement and delight which creative work gives him and possibly in the hope that his name may be associated with something else than riches, for he would rather be known as the Inventor of some apparatus that revolutionized some branch of commerce or industry than as one of the richest of the citi sens of New York. New York letter In Philadelphia Press. He Loves Music. "If I had plenty of money to do with as I wished," said Senator Lindsay, of Kentucky, to a party of friends at the Hotel Wellington the other morning, "I'd have music played at jail of .my meals and get cigars made sit $50 per 100. These are two luxuries I would most surely Indulge myself In. I'd have the music played by a small or chestra say a horn, and two or three violins and a flute and bass viol, and I'd have it play soft harmonious airs while I ate, and now and then I'd have vocal music given by colored voices. There's a peculiar harmony. In a negro's singing tone. I'd have 'em sing such things as 'When the Watermelon Hangs Upon the Vine.' That's a song calculated to inspire the most sluggish appetite. I remember bearing it once OQ a Mississippi river boat A lot of us were aboard, and in the party was Hooker, of Mississippi. There were some darkies aboard who played In strumental music with banjos, guitars and a fiddle. I asked 'em if they ever sang, and they said they did sometimes. Well, they struck up 'When the Water melon Hangs Upon the Vine.' Hooker had never heard it before, and it nearly set him crazy." Frenchmen on Horseback. In a paper on "Fashionable Paris" in the Century, Richard Whlteing con trasts Rotten Row in Hyde Park with the Row in the Bois de Boulogne. It is the same with the riding. The Row In the Bois is prettier in its sur roundings than the Row in Hyde Park. It is more ample, and it commands a finer landscape. The sense of the time of year, spring, summer, or even win ter, is more insistent The personnel may not be quite so Impressive as in the Row, but that is another matter. The riding is a little mixed. Every body thinks himself entitled to have a try. The freedom from fear and trem bling with which some Frenchmen will mount a horse must ever cause fear and trembling in the beholder. The beggar on horseback is not half so ob jectionable as the rich man who has mounted late in life. The park riding is good, but bere once more, as in all , THE STREET CAR. THE WRONG WAT TO ALIGHT. else, it tends to err on the side of finesse, and to suggest the Hippodrome. There are no better circus riders in the world. Who but they have taught the horse to waltz and to make his bow? A little of this affectation has crept Into the management of the cob. Fi neesse! finesse! you find it everywhere even in the institution of afternoon tea The bread and butter is a trifle too diaphanous for human nature's dally food The sense of a religious rite is a little too Intrusive. When the French copy the foreigner, they copy with the exaggeration of Idolatry. The Invincible Armtdi.. A correspondent of the NewYork Press recalls the history of the "Invin cible Armada," which sailed from Lis bon, Spain, against England In 1588. That fleet was composed of 129 large vessels, carrying 19,205 soldiers, 8,460 sailors and about 2,000 slaves as row ers. It was a most formidable fleet one of the most formidable fleets of the time. A storm in Spanish waters destroyed several vessels of the "Invincible Ar mada" and the rest put into port for re pairs. When everything was in readi ness again the fleet started and entered the English Channel, sailing along In the form of a half moon, nearly seven miles broad. They were met by the English fleet consisting of thirty ships, which had been Increased by the addi tion of merchantmen and privateers to about 180 vessels, under Lord Howard, of Effingham, Drake and others. They fought And It soon appeared that the great Armada was anything but "invincible," for Drake sent eight blazing flreships into the midst of the Spanish fleet In terrible consternation the Spaniards tried to get out to sea and so became dispersed. The English pursued, a storm came on and drove the Spanish vessels among the rocks and shoals. The "invincible" fleet with a loss of thirty great ships and 10,000 men, defeated and disgraced, sailed home again. A Chinese Wonder. Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore describes In the Century a great national phe nomena which she has observed on one of her many visits to the long-lived Chinese Empire. "There are three wonders in the his tory of China," she writes, "the De mons at Tang-chau, the Thunder at Lung-chau, and the Great Tide at Hang-chau, the last the greatest of all, and a living wonder to this day of the open door,' while its rivals are lost in myth and oblivion. On the eighteenth night of the second moon, and on the eighteenth night of the eighth and ninth moons of the Chinese year, the great est flood-tides from the Pacific surge into the funnel mouth of Hang-chau Bay to the bars and flats at the mouth of the swift-flowing Tslea-tang. The river current opposes for a while, until the angry sea rises up and rides on. In a great, white, roaring, bubbling wave, ten, twelve, fifteen, and even twenty feet in height. The Great Bore, the White Thing, charges up the narrowing river at a speed of ten and thirteen miles an hour, with a roar that can be heard for an hour, before it arrives, the most sensational, spectacular, fascinat ing tidal phenomenon a real wonder of the whole world, worth going far and waiting long to see." England's Boy Choirs. Julian Ralph, writing of "The Choir Boys of England," In the Ladles' Home ' Journal, says "Small boys are much preferred for the reason that they de-, velop into manhood later than big, stal- wart children, for it Is at the coming of manhood that their voices break and they are obliged to stop singing nal, Edward Bok favors the re-estab-untll their adult tones are reached a llshment of the custom of publishing matter of years. A boyish treble is as the bans making such publication ob delicate as the bloom on a peach, and ligatory. "This precaution which our Its possessor must lead an orderly and forebears had of giving thirty days' innocent life, which is why so many public notice of an intention of mar choirs are made up of boys taken from riage, proclaimed from the pulpit and their homes and boarded and taught ' posted at the public hall," he believes, in church institutions. These, some- j "was born of wisdom and rested on a times, are able to sing until they are sound foundation. The pity is that we 17 or 18 years of age, though between j ever got away from It I do not say 14 and 15 is the usual period when that a return to this old custom of the their voices break.' A Gypsy Evangelist. One of the most successful of evange lists now preaching in London is Gyp sy Smlt i. He was born in a gypsy tent reared in the lane and fields of rural England and knew nothing of books w ten converted. General Gives tbe Word. The general decides when the ene my's fire has been sufficiently subdued to deliver the final assault The thieves will finally start a story that honesty is not the beet policy, and give reasons why honest men should not be respected. A man's right arm is stronger than his left because he uses it so much is lifting his hat to women. Denver, Col., bricklayers have practi cally gained their demand for a ?5 scale and the eight-hour day. Maine will cut more lumber this sea son than she has done in any year since 1880. The total will be 555,000, 000 feet Indiana as a glass producer ranks first in the window-glass line, having passed Pennsylvania during the past year. There are now more than 100 glass plants in the Indiana field, all at work, employing an estimated force of 16,000 men. An American superintendent of iron work, now being constructed at Liver pool, England, requests that a force of American workers be sent to him, as they are mnch superior in skill and effi ciency to the force of Britishers be has now under him. The Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers, at Youngstown, Ohio, advanced the pud dling rate to 16 a ton, the highest wages paid since the panic of 1873. This makes an advance of 50 per cent since July 1, 1899. The pay of 15,000 men is Increased by this action. Not content with seizing the Rus sian market, Americans are going for business in China which the former are seeking. It Is probable that the trade of China where Russia Is constructing a railroad, will fall into the hands of the Americans before the railroad Is completed and before Russia Is in a position to profit by the riches of China. The steam railroad running between Pekln and Tientsin in China is doing a rushing business. It has four passen ger trains each way every day, making the trip eighty miles. Its profits last year were 840,000 teals, or in American money $1,176,000. Every train is crowded. And the territory and popu lation it covers Is a mere speck of China. The official report concerning the af fairs of labor in New York State for the last three months of 1899 disclose a larger percentage of unemployed than in the three preceding quarters, but a less percentage than In the last quarters of 1897 and 1898. Earnings were also larger than In the previous periods. Labor - organizations had grown and the membership of the en tire State was 224,383 on Dec. 31, 1899. This is an increase of 49,360. In Great er New York the membership was 152, 860, against 125,136 the preceding year. Advices, received from London, Eng land, reports that a movement is on foot to form a tremendous central union of the workingmen of Great Brit ain and the United States. The move ment has been planned by the leaders of the General Federation of Trades of Great Britain, who think the time now ripe for the formation of an organiza tion whose membership would reach Into the millions. Peter Curran, 'Chair man of the Trades Union Congress, which recently met at Birmingham, Is the most prominent and Influential agi tator In favor of the colossal organiza tion. LAW AS INTERPRETED. Liability of ship owners for injuries to a stevedore at work upon the vessel, by the fall of a keg negligently left by the servants of the ship owners near an open hatch in such a manner as to be likely to fall Into the hatch and Injure persons working below, Is sustained In the Joseph B. Thomas (C. C. App. 9tb C), 46 L. R. A. 58. Criminal responsibility for a con spiracy to cheat by materializing seances of a professed medium is held, in people vs. Gllman (Mich.) 46 L. R. A. 218, to be punishable, notwithstanding the contention that no crime was com mitted because it was an obvious hum bug' that in the nature of things could not deceive any rational person. . Provision In a trust that In case of the death or divorce of the wife of the beneficiary before its termination the Whole property shall vest in him, but In case be dies while yet married the prop erty Bhall vest In a third person, is held, in Cowley vs. Twombly (Mass.), 46 L. R. A. 164, to be sustainable against the claim that it violates public policy by furnishing an inducement to secure a divorce or cause the death of the wife. Right to make appropriations of the water of a stream for different periods of time by different persons is sus tained in Cache La Poudre Reservoir Company vs. Water Supply and Stor age Company (Col.), 46 L. R. A. 175, which also holds that water appropri ated for a mill and discharged again Into the stream becomes subject to an- other appropriation. With this case is a note on the subject of the periodical appropriation of water. How to Stop Elopem nts. Writing on "The Ease with Which We Marry," in the Ladles' Home Jour- proclamation of marriages would be the panacea for all marital evils. But It absolutely would do away with all the runaway marriages, sentimental elopements and the life compacts born of a single moonlight night from which results so much unhappiness to our girls, and which have brought and will continue to bring, so much humiliation and disgrace upon parents and families. It is a significant fact that In those Eu ropean countries where Intention of marriage must be publicly proclaimed a fortnight or a month previous to the actual ceremony, and where the addi tional precaution of a civil marriage is added to the religious ceremony, di vorce is hardly known." "Innumerable electric lights," In a society report usually means a dozen; we have taken pains to count them.