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CORVALLIS GAZETTE. SEMI-WEEKLY. UNION Estnb. .Tnlv. 1897. GAZETTE Kstab. Dec, 1863. Consolidated Feb., 1899. CORVALLIS, BENTON" COUNTY, OREGON, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1900. VOL. I. NO. 19. IN THE GLOAMING. rhe Bummer day is dying, The drowsy Sowrets fold; Long shadow soft is lying On the green and gold. The brook, what Is it saying, Or is it laughter sings, Some voice of joy wag playing Among day's happy things? The brook is flowing, flowinj But not like summer streams; Faint lights are on it glowing It Is the drift of dreams. -John Vance Cheney. F course I knew all about It (Hadn't I tended Mr. Rodney in long clothes an' lived in the fam ily until ha was a strappln', broad shouldered man, side by side with bis father in all the responsibility and work of that big farm? Why, I was nurse an' cook an' sewin girl an' every thing you can think of, in that fam ily! ! "An' don't I remember the very day Miss Caryl come there first? You see. It was right after she'd lost her moth er, an' she hadn't a soul In the world that belonged , to her, anyways close, an' Mrs. Whitcomb was only an old friend herself, but there! It was Just her way to go an' ask Miss Caryl to come and live with them. "Such a little slip of a brown-eyed, curly-headed thing she was, with mo tions for air the world just like a bird! I can see this minute bow she looked when she walked in at the door, an' Mrs. Whitcomb took her In her arms, an' Mr. Whitcomb, too, come up an' gave her a kiss, an' said she must be his little daughter, now; an', with that, Master Sydney, who was only a year younger than Miss Caryl himself he was 16 come bouncln' up, an said if she was his sister, he was goin' to have a kiss, too. So then Mr. Rodney kissed her. but In a bashful kind of way, an' well, I knew what had happened to him that very night. I "An' it all come along as natural as you please! Well, I was glad for Mr. "I STOPPKb STOCK STILT., Rodney when it was all settled, though. 1 knew, of course, she didn't half know how to love him,. Just at first. How could she, anyway little young thing! Folks expects miracles, seems to me. 1 "I don't forget oneday at dinner, when I was-clearih away the plates, an' she an' Master Syd got into some discussion an' left "it to Mr. Rodney to decide, ah she looked up at him laughin' an' says: 'Now, Rodney, don't you go back on me!' Well, sir, he just looked at her. Such a look! An' she stopped laughin', 'all of a sudden, an' looked down, . an' I says to myself, 'She's beglnnin' to understand a little.' ! "She was, too. I knew it better af terward. "Well, by and by, Mr.' Rodney began to think about, gettin' married, of course, an' his rich uncle made him an offer of a fine business position out West, an', almost before we knew It, be was gone. I cried myself, seeln' how brave he tried to be, leavin' Miss Caryl 'Patsy' he used to call her. She didn't half realize it until he'd started, an' then wasn't she a lonesome little thing for a while? And didn't she watch for the letters yes, an' write letters, too? "After a month or two of that Mr. Huntington come for a visit. He was Mr. Rodney's next brother, you know. He'd never liked the farm, an' had gone to the city as '80on as he was 'old enough to work. An' it happened that he hadn't been honje any. to stay since Miss Caryl come there to live. Well, you ought to have seen how sweet be was to his 'little sister,' takin' her to drive, an' to everything-goin' on in the little town, six nilles off, an' all that. Just to keep her" from gettin' too home sick for Mr. Rodney, you know. Oh, dear! I don't know as you could blame him much, or. her, either, but It was dreadful to see It comin', day by day; to see her forget to write so often, an' to feel how uneasy ..Mr.; and Mrs. Whit comb was gettin' to be! An' the whole thing only toaky four, weeks! "It was one night, just as I bad brought in the lamp' an' set it on the parlor table, Mr. Huntington and Miss Caryl come in from the garden togeth er, an', all of a sudden, he caught her In his arms an' sayM'Father! Mother! This is my little girl, an' I'm goln' to have her!' . . ' - . "I stopped stock still. I had no busi ness to, but I didn't know what I was doin'. 'She's Mr. Rodney's!' I says. Just like that. But the next breath be rushed upstairs an' I come to my senses, an' went . out. an' shut the door before anybody spoke. "I never knew Juat what they said, only I know Miss Caryl cried all night, an' told Mr. Huntington it was-all a fearful mistake, an' sent him back to the city the first tiling in the morning. An' I know the .folks promised to for give her and love her just the same. Then, after that she sat down an' wrote Mr. Rodney all about it. There jras pages an' pages of it tellin' how- J A LITTLE LOVE STORY j kind Mr. Huntington had been, an how, Just for one little crazy hour, she come to think she'd be prouder to walk down the church aisle as Mrs. Hunt ington Whitcomb than with dear old Mr. Rodney. But she told him It was all over an' past an' begged him to for give her an all that. Poor little thing! Nobody could help but pity her before the answer came. An' when it did come what do you think It was? Just her own letter sent back, without a word. "Now, do you know, that's the only thing Mr. Rodney could have done to make me sorrier for her than I was for him? She wrote again Just such a pitiful little beggin' note an' that came back unopened. After awhile she even tried again, but he sent it back Just tbe same. "How did I know? Well, not by readln' other folk's letters, anyway. Tbe poor little thing had to talk to somebody, an' I wasn't exactly Mr. Rodney's folks, an' still I loved him, you see. There was a terrible time after that. Not that she made a sign out loud, but her stillness was worse. By and by I got up courage to write to Mr. Rodney myself, an' he was kinder to me than he was to her. That hurt me, too. He wrote back: 'Marcla,' says be, 'you can't understand. It can't be, an' it's no use your worryln'. Don't think any more about It.' "As if I could help it with the poor little girl sufferln' right in my s":ht! "Well, the months went along. Mr. Rodney wrote to his mother, but he never mentioned Miss Caryl's name. It got to be a whole year. Master Syd had been off at college for six months, an' we was lookin' for. him home for vacation. Well, sir, a half a day soon er than we expected him In be walked! That wasn't such an awful surprise, of course, but stalkin' right behind him, tall an' sunburned, an' with a full, brown beard there was Mr. Rodney! "Master Syd walked right up and kissed Miss Caryl, just as he always did, an' Mr. Rodney, after stoppin' at the door to speak to me, followed an' says quietly, holdm' out his hand, 'Haven't you got a kiss for me, too. Caryl ? "Little Miss Caryl put both hands over her face an' commenced to go backward. 'Oh, Marcla!' she says, and in a minute I was there an' helped her Into another room, where she could cry to her heart's content. And Mr. Rod ney never offered to do a thing, but stayed and talked to his mother. ". 'Oh, Marcla!' says Miss Caryl, when we was by ourselves, 'what does he mean?' An' I says: 'My dear, I don't know what he does mean!' For I was all stirred up, I tell you. "Well, she went to lunch an' tried to act natural. It broke my heart to see her.' But Mr. Rodney didn't eat much himself. That was some comfort When lunch-Was 'most over -Master Syd's trunk came and he had to .leave the table .to see to it. .An.' there was something wrong about it, so that first Mr. Whitcomb was. called away an' then Mrs. Whitcomb excused herself, too, an' there Mr. Rodney an' Miss Caryl was left all alone. "I had Just swept the last crumbs off the tablecloth when It happened, an' 1 walked Into the pantry with my heart thumpin' like a hammer. 'It's now or never,' says I- There was the pie, all ranged out ready to take in. 'But what Is pie?' says I. I pushed that pantry door almost to, an' then stood an' lis tened. It's the only time In my life. "It seemed forever before there was a sound. Then Miss1 Caryl says. In a nervous sort of way: 'It seems so strange to see you with a beard, Rod ney.' "I was so disappointed. I could have cried. It sounded so common. But the next minute come Mr. Rodney's voice, shakin' like a girl's: 'Oh, Pat sy!' says he. Til shave it" all oft If you say so!' "That wfts enough. My apron went up to my face an' I leaned against the pantry door an' didn't care if It did go shut with a click! "I don't know bow loug I stood there In the dark, but by an' by Mrs. Whit comb opened tbe door against me. 'Why, Marcla, what's the matter?' says she. 'Where's the pie?' she says. " 'Why, Marcla, dear!' says Miss Caryl, as soon as she heard me cryin', an' tbe next minute she was In tbe pan try with her arms around me. " 'Here,' says Mr. Rodney. 'I guess I can comfort Mareia,' an' with that, in he, came, too, an' put his arms around us both. "Miss Caryl was cryin', too, but Mr. Rodney was too happy an' too miich in love. I heard him whisper. 'This Is the best turn Mareia ever did for' me,' an' I. knew he meant the' chance of kissiu her, there In tbe dark, but says I to myself, 'That's truer than you know, too, Mr. Rodney.' For what "If I bad been stupid enough to rush right In with that pie when they were alone together?" Chicago Record. Pronouncing; Proper Names. The pronounclatlon of proper names is .always a stumbling block to read ers. Very few people would pronounce Aliaferro Taliaferro as Oliver Tolliver, yet such Is the correct pronounciatlon. Here are a few others: Baden-Powell. Is Badden-Po-el, LJeut. Gen. Eus tace Fane Bpurehler is known, as Bow cher. Alcester is Awister. Belvoir Castle is Bee-ver. The Charleville family, of Bury, pronounces the name Bew-ry. Sir Claude Champion de Crespigny, the noted war correspond ent up the Nile, is called by his friends Crepp-iny. ' Lord Beaconsfleld was va riously called Dlsray-elU Dos-rolly and Dls-ray-ly. The hist Is. correct One of the worst stretches is Featherston haugb, the accepted pronunciation of which Is Fanshaw. in certain quar ters it Is Festunsbaw. .The.poet Geo ghegan Is Gay-gun.. With the exception of trouble, the more the average man has the more he wants. OUR BOYS AND GIRLS. THIS IS THEIR DEPARTMENT OF THE PAPER. Quaint Saying and Cute Doings of the Little Folka Everywhere, Gathered and Printed Here for All Other Lit tle Onea to Read. After all, what Is more deceptive than human vision? Is not the optical Illu sion an Important Item In the stock and trade of every professional magician? Besides, how many pairs of eyes are perfect? Even granting perfection, how far short of photographic accuracy do they fall? If we look at the stars at night they MAKE A TOP OF THIS DISC, SPIN IT LEFT TO MOHT, THEN IN THE OPPOSITK Dl HKCTION. do not appear as points of light, but of quite appreciable size, and to short sighted people Immense. As a rule, in addition to the diffused brightness round the point, one may observe seven or more short rays pointing out from the center. You will probably see the same thing If you look at a street light. These rays are due to the lines which traverse the lens of our eye from the center to the circumference. They are usually from seven to ten In number, radiating from the center like the arms of a starfish. As these lines are formed of lens matter slightly denser and less OBSERVE THAT ONE PAIR OF LINES LOOK ft KAY AND THK OTHER BLACK BkCAUSK THE EYK IB SEV.JI PERFECTLY sPHKii ICAI..' transparent than the rest of the lens, they give rise to these rays of light The increased size of the stars is also partly due to the -fact that the front of the eye Is never a portion of a perfect sphere, but Is slightly more curved in one direction than another, the direc tion and degree of the curves varying in different eyes. This is readily seen In the figure in which one pair of lines look gray and the other pair black. If the page be held sideways, the lines which looked gray will now appear black, and the black lines have become gray. CUT OUT THIS DISC, MAKE A TOP OF IT, AND H,PIN FROM' l.fcFT TO BIGHT, AND YOU WILL BE SURPRISED. A very curious Illusion' is due to the fact that different wave lengths of light arrive at their maximum sensation at different times. Thus if a disc be cut out, and made into a top by mounting It on cardboard and pushing a wooden match through the center, it will . be noticed that if spun from left to right the outer band will Appear red and the Innermost one blue. If the top be spun In the opposite direction, the colors will be reversed. This Is known as Ben ham's color top. In the same way, If the other disc be made Into a top and spun', the white band as it is spun from left to right will appear fringed with colors. Pontage Ft amps Have Water Mark?; Did you ever hold a sheet of white paper to tbe light and notice white let ters or a figure or some-kind in it? That is called the water mark. Most post age stamps are water marked, some with letters, some' with figures, while others have some simple little charac ter. Very few stamps 'Will reveal a water mark when held to the light, but a simple way to detect them is to pro cure an old "tintype" picture. Lay the stamp ' upon the back of it, face down, and drop upon the stamp a few drops of gasoline, The-water mark, if the stamp contains one will -be readily discernible. Spiders as Weather Prophets. Mexican gypsies can foretell weather accurately. Of course they trade on the knowledge, but how do you suppose they often get It? Why, simply by watching spiders, which generally alter their webs every twenty-four hours. The boys and girls will find It interest ing to watch the little arachnlda. If you see them at work bright and early In the morning be sure of a clear day, and if they make the terminating fila ments of their webs unusually long ex pect fine weather to continue for at least a week. If they are very busy between 6 and 7 o'clock In the evening look for a lovely night, or if they spin away while It is raining have no doubt but the sun will soon shine. If they destroy their webs and crawl away to hide, conclude that continued storms are certain. Blephant and Whale. An Elephant came to the sea, meaning to take a swim; He spied e bather near the shore and thus accosted him: "Pray can you tell, my little friend I am so big, you see If there is any pool about that's deep enough for me?" A mighty Whale raised from the deep a head so huge and tall. The pompous Elephant sunk down; he felt exceeding small. "Yes," roared the Whale; "it's deep enough for me, and so I think You may find room If not afraid. Why linger on the brink?" St. Nicholas. Nellie's Lamp Boost. Nellie was much Interested in Aunt Mary's chandelier when she went to the city to stay with her, and when she went home she exclaimed: "Oh, mother, I do wish we had a place for our lamps to roost on like Aunt Mary has!" ELECTRICITY TO SUBDUE FIRES. Its Use May Eventually Pnt an End to Great Con flan ration. Our great commercial growth re quires Improved and commensurate fa cilities for fire protection. Electricity has been tbe means to meet the in creased demands of lighting and of dis infecting on a large scale, of supplying the demands for power for transporta tion purposes throughout a large me tropolis; of curing diseases and pro longing life, and it will yet be the agent used In preventing conflagrations and subduing them when once under full headway. The applications of this subtle agent have become so universal that we feel safe in even this prediction, for here, as probably in all other uses, It will find its greatest utility from the ease in which its qualities may be brought into service from fai distant points, as well as for Its other wonderful quality of being spontaneous in the manifesta tion of Its effects. These' two inherent qualities above all others make it better adapted to modern usee, and, speaking in general terms, as being superior to our present comparatively slow and in effective means of fighting great fires. The Hoboken conflagration presented the lamentable spectacle of a large amount of highly combustible material of great . value, closely surrounded on dearly all sides with water, in fact an ocean to draw from, but scarcely an effective drop to be utilized in time, that is, when moat needed, at the-coin-, mencement. The old idea of transporting heavy In struments over distances that take np precious time, to be used for fighting conflagrations, appears to us ridiculous, when by quickly turning an electric switch there was to be had enough electric power on tap In Hoboken to have almost washed instantly Into the river the burning piers with their con tents and superstructures, even If only utilized from the vantage ground of the adjoining piers. That is why we say that electricity, instantaneous in its operation, capable of transmitting great power effectively over long distances, will eventually be universally used for fighting fires. Electricity. Facts About Red Hair. An eminent man of science has re cently declared that red-haired people are far less apt to go bald than those with other colored hair. The average crop on the head of a red-haired per son is only. 28,200 hairs. Ordinary dark hair Is far finer, and over three dark hairs take up the space of one red one; 105,000 are about the average. But fair-haired people are still better off; 140,000 to 160,000 are quite com mon number of hairs on the scalp of a fair-haired man or woman. This au thority does not comment on the pecu-1 liarities of red-haired people, but it is well known that they are .of a more , passionate nature than others, and , often of a fine and sensitive disposition i akin to what is known as the artistic temperament Humanitarian. What a Sigh Means. RI r, I ti ir fa Hilt another nnma rv Mra- "-"V gen starvation. The cause of sighing is most frequently worry. An interval of several seconds often follows mo ments of mental disquietude, during which time the chest walls remain rigid until the imperious demand is made for oxygen, thus causing the deep In halation. It '.s the expiration follow ing the inspiration that is properly termed the sigh, and this sigh is simply an effort of the organism to obtain th6 necessary supply of oxygen. The rem edy is to cease worrying. A little phi losophy will banish ' worry at once. Worry will do no good; It will rob one of pleasures when blessings do come, as one will not be in a condition- to enjoy them. Ladies' Home Journal. English Barmaids. 'Advanced English barmaids object tc that name, and call themselves '; "11 censed victuallers' aslsstahts." No man can have too much good breeding and no woman can have too much affection. It has been truly said that more men fall In lov than in war. RAM'S HORN BLASTS. Warning Notes Calling the Wicked to Repentance. E do not have to think alike, but we must all work together. That Is not a good v o y age w h 1 ch enriches the cargo but wrecks the ship. Minds of steel are often nar rowed down that they may have a cutting edge. There is no harm In the mighty dol lar till it becomes almighty. Missionary obligation rests not on a ministry, but on manhood. If you let conscience sleep now it will make up for It by and by. When the live coal touches our Hps It makes them a living flame. Patience Is the perfume pressed from the crushed blossoms of Joy. You cannot heal the wound by sewing up tbe bullet-hole In the coat Get your wheat seed In first and It Will choke any tares tbe devil may sow. The only divinely authorized version of the Bible is its translation into ac tion. So long as Christ Is the way to heav en. It may be difficult, but It cannot be dark. The good Samaritan does not carry oil in his cruise and vitriol on his tongue. The church as an organization makes a good test-culture for the Old-Adam bacilli. A mother's apron strings are most likely to be coupled to God's leading lines of love. ELECTIONS OF PRESIDENTS. Methods that Are Adopted In the Twenty-six Republics of the World. Of the twenty-six Republics in the world fourteen besides this country elect their presidents, as In theory the United States do, by Indirect vote. The Electoral College, In two cases, those of France and Switzerland, is the Legislature of the country met In joint session of the two houses. In the case of twelve others Mexi co, Costa Rica, Argentine, Brazil, Chill, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela, Liberia, and Santo Domin go as in the United States, a special electoral body is chosen by the people to elect the president. Six republics Guatemala, Salvador, Nicaragua. Bolivia, Ecuador and Hayti choose their presidents by direct vote of tbe people, though suffrage is not In all cases universal, and in- many of the Central and South American republics the popular election Is often little bet ter than a farce. The republic of Andorra, lying In the Pyrenees, between France and Spain, has no officer recognized as president, though there Is a president of .the coun cil, as the little legislative body of the country Is called; two officers, called Vlgulers, one appointed for life by the president of France, the other for three years by tbe Spanish bishop of Urgel, have some of the powers of a president and are at tbe same time Judicial officers. The smallest and oldest republic of the world, San Marino, a little country of thirty-two square miles, lying in the Apennines, has two presidents, each of whom exercises power for six months. Tbe mode of electing these officers is extremely curious. Every six months the members of tbe chamber of depu ties, which Is the popular house of the legislature, nominate six of their own members; three ballots are then given to every voter, each with the names of two of these six; the polling place la the cathedral of San Marino, the capital of the country. The ballot box Is placed on tbe high altar and after the ballots have been deposited a child draws one at random from the urn. A. priest then announces the names on the ballot and the persons thus named become tbe presidents of the republic. Tbe terms of presidents vary from six months in San Marino and one year In Switzerland to seven years In France. Only, one French president however, has served bis full seven years, and he was forced to resign in his second term. Three other French presidents were forced to resign and one was assassinated. In the Central and South American republics the term of the president is from four to six years. In several the same per son cannot serve for two successive terms, and in one, two full terms must Intervene before a president can be re elected. In Switzerland a president cannot serve for two successive terms It is almost a fixed custom for the vice-president of Switzerland to be elected president at tbe expiration of his term in the former office. New York Sun. . ... . Uncle Sam's Unique Wards. Unique among our acquisitions is a handful of strange folk that are hid den away In our tiny, Isolated colony of -Guam. Of a verity they" are 'strangers in a strange land," for Guam is not their home nor birthplace, and they are citizens of Uncle Sam through a spasmodic effort of the Spanish gov ernment to promote the welfare of j their island possessions. Tbe group to, which I have reference are natives of the Caroline Islands, which lie a few hundred miles south of Guam. Har per's Weekly. ' t Raff and Wagon Roads in America. The latest statistics show that the United States have over 200,000 miles of railroad and less than 20,000 miles of good wagon roads. The poor man has two advantages over his rich neighbor; he can wear out all his old clothes and he Is seldom troubled with tiresome eallers. Sanitary Dairy Appliance. The thorough cleansing of milk cans by hand is a difficult operation, and yet the cans must be carefully attend ed to each day or the milk will sour quickly. Chadles Marwitz, of Oak Park, 111., has designed a portable washer, which can be readily trans ferred to each can and operated by hand, a cut of the device being shown below. The object of the Invention is to provide a scrubbing brush which will fit closely to the Interior of the can and be easily rotated from the exterior, and at the same time be folded to per- IMPROVED MILK-CAN WASHES. mit Insertion and removal from the can. A clamping mechanism is pro vided to center tbe vertical shaft in the neck of tbe can, and the upright rod extending above the gearing is used to turn the brushes opposite each other, after they have reached the Interior. The brush frames interlock and grip the shaft, which is rapidly revolved by the gearing to force the brushes to scrub the interior, the can being filled with water previous to the operation. Value of Garden. The market garden business is a very good business usually when one makes It his entire business. Yet there are al ways failures and disappointments in it Some crops fall to grow well, and others yield abundantly and cannot be sold at a satisfactory price. But the family garden, a little larger than need ed for tbe home supply, well manured and well cared for, is never a disap pointment. If some crop is a partial fail ure it may not have any surplus over the home demand, but there will be something else to substitute for it If another is over abundant and low priced it can be used freely, and will taste just as good as if the price were twice as high. If there Is a market for the surplus and it is sold, it seems al most like finding money, and if it can not be sold there are some who find much pleasure in supplying the wants of poorer, neighbors who cannot afford to pay tbe price asked by retail deal ers. Plan each year to have a good garden, and trust to luck only for tbe market. American Cultivator. Bag; Holder. The Farm Journal shows a bag hold er that is adjustable to all sizes of bags, and is easily made. A piece of steel rod has one end flattened and punched with a half dozen or more boles. The tip of the other end is turned ADJUSTABLE BAG HOLDER. over and drawn out to fit these holes. The rod Is then bent Into a circle, the ends lapping and a bent support weld ed to It. By the side of each grain, apple or potato bin a hole can be bored in which to insert this support Any blacksmith can make it. Work of Agricultural College Tbe work of the agricultural college does not consist altogether in sending its students back to tbe farm in condi tion to become better tillers of the soil or better breeders of stock than their fathers were, says the American Culti vator. This is but a small part of what we should expect of them. They should send out many who are qualified to in struct others by "becoming teachers themselves. It is not all of a teacher to understand his subject, but he must be able to impart his knowledge to oth ers so that they will understand it. One of tbe best teachers we ever knew X. svajjBjaiajiajs was not what would be called an edu cated man, but what he knew he could explain so that almost the simplest in tellect could learn from him. There are others so highly educated that they speak in terms that are as "unknown tongues" to those whom they desire to instruct. They cannot teach those who are more than one degree below them In attainment. They need an interpre ter. Some such have written for agri cultural papers, and we have even seen some bulletins from colleges and ex periment stations that we thought were written by such learned Ignoramuses, whose writings were of little use to farmers seeking information. Then there are others whose college educa tion and natural abilities fit them to be always students. They will Investigate carefully and with much painstaking, perhaps, only In the end to find that they have but proven scientifically facts that the practical man learned long ago by costly experience. Yet many of their investigations lead to a knowledge of new facts, which practi cal men make useful. The Investiga tions of Franklin into the nature of electricity, apparently useless at the time, opened the way for the inventions of Morse, Bell and Edison. One inves tigator or one teacher may accomplish more In the line of agricultural im provement than a hundred sent back to labor with their hands or even their brains in the every day duties of a farmer's life, therefore let us not think the work of the college Is in vain be cause all Its graduates have not gona back to the farm. Alfalfa Roots. Of course I have always dimly real ized that in its subterranean habits al falfa differed from most other plants, but the full extent of this difference was never fully brought home to me until last fall while excavating for a cellar in alfalfa sod. The soil In ques tion Is a light loam, with occasional thin streaks of clay. It had been well plowed in the fall of 1897, and the win ter frosts left it In prime shape for seeding in early May, I used twenty pounds of seed per acre, which proved to be rather too much, considering the fine condition of the soil, as It gave a prvunfitc avciagr ul Lwruty plants per foot. The excavation was made five and one-half feet deep. Much to my astonishment, one square foot of the cellar bottom showed twenty-two of the tough, white tap-roots shooting straight down Into the unknown depths below, while over the whole area an average of thirteen or fourteen was maintained. In six months' growth two-thirds of these plants had sent their tap-roots more than five and one half feet in quest of water. F. M. Crane, In Farmer's Advocate. Topdresaing- After Hayine. There are many cases where an appli cation of fine, well-rotted manure di rectly after the first crop of grass is taken off will do much to start a good second growth, but this year It has been so dry In this section that there seems little benefit would have been found by such a topdressing. We would wait until after the cutting of the sec ond crop, if there is any, or until about October, and apply it then, not consid ering it so important to have the ma nure fine, as it will become so before I next spring, or can quickly be made so oy tne use or a iignt narrow or urusn. But if manure is all needed for hoed crops, do not make the mistake of ap plying commercial fertilizer this falL Wait until early spring and then make a mixture 1,200 pounds of raw bone. 4UU pounds eacn or nitrate or soaa ami muriate of potash, or" in that propor tion, and use from 250 to 400 pounds per acre, according to whether you want a heavy or very heavy crop. For a clover field one-half that amount of nitrate of soda would be enough, or on land which has been lately heavily manured with stable manure. Ex change. Poultry in the South. A large poultry farm Is being devel oped near Hamilton, Va. Throughout nearly all sections of the South poul try Is receiving more attention than heretofore. This is particularly true of the nearby southern sections, which are sending poultry in carload lots to this and other markets In larger quan tities than ever before. The quality of the poultry Is much improved over what it was in previous years and shows that the standard is steadily be ing raised in all the leading producing sections. Southern Field. - - " r M. - . ...11 , Many of the farmers of the neighbor hood surrounding the city of Toledo have had special wagons built for send ing the produce to market. The wheels nf these wa irons are fitted to rim nn electric lines. The farmers load the wagons and drive them up to the near est trolley line, when a motor car picks ' them up, one after another, and hauls ' them to the city. Tne uity council -or, Toledo has granted the right to run these rail wagons over the city, street railway tracks. As the hauling Is done . mostly in the night time. It interferes very little with city traffic Exchangee - At the imperial court of Austria 'the UiCi V "1" . . . ..... . wvw.ru mates that of $250,000 expended on the tables every year, the "unused" repre sents about $100,000. i Since 1868 the corn production of this country has increased more than 122 per cent, while the production of wheat has Increased nearly 350 per cent f X.' in liamr ITrsnnla .maanh . amttm ..