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TRY TO DODGE DEATH
MANY SCHEMES TRIED TO ES CAPE THE DESTROYER. Fear of Dissolution Leads Many Men to Strange Freak and Unusual Ways of Living Sometimes Hnrries Them Into Their Graves. A man who, while poor. Is not more afraid to die than most people, often develops a haunting terror of death after he has made a big fortune and spends an unhappy life and huge sums of money in trying to avoid the coming fate, frequently hurrying himself into a premature grave through sheer worry and fear. This passion has turned the brains of a good many wealthy people and made monomaniacs of them. They tesort to the most childish expedients to keep death from their doors. You remember Kipling's- character who had his chair slung on ropes from it beam that the world might spin under him instead of carrying him along to grow older. There was an actual case very like this a few years ago, when John lslip, au Englishman, who made a huge fortune out of silver in Mexico, drove himself mad through worrying about his death. After exhausting all the safeguards London could oiler, he bought a small rocky island called Brycbll, on the west Irish coast, taking with hiui one faith ful servitor. Here, in feverish haste, he had four stone pillars raised and a Biuall one-storied cabin, witu three rooms, rather like a houseboat, sluug uu chairs from iron girders that crossed the pillars and swung clear of the ground. Once inside this he shut him self up, with some books and a pet jackdaw for company, and never left his swinging house until his death. The attendant, who lived in a small aouse close by, used to row to the main land a mile and a half when the weather permitted for provisions. The master spent his time reading aud look ing out over the Atlantic from the cab in windows. His brain had given way, f course, aud he imagined his life stood still while the earth revolved tin ier him. He had no relatives to insist ju his entering a private asylum, aud he died three years later in the cabin, worried out of life by the fear of death. His hair was snow-white, though he was only 43. Another wealthy man, Jean Ingle sant, though he had made a fortune by shrewd speculation, also gave way to the dread of death. He conceived the idea that all movement and effort wast ed the tissues of the body, and this no tion sunk so deeply Into his mind that tie went to bed in a quiet country house and hardly moved hand or foot for years; if he even stirred a finger he did it with dread, believing it used up his vitality and shortened his life by so much time. He spoke as little as possi ble, sometimes not opening his lips for 3ays, and was fed by attendants with spoons. All his food consisted of "slops," to save him the fatal exertion f chewing, and his oue amusement was being read to by the hour together. For he would not hold a book. or turn the pages. Even the reading he did away with toward the close of his life. Believing that listening shortened bis existence. One of the queerest cases was that of i Mrs. Holmes, a very wealthy widow, who had a terrible fear of germs and oacilli of all kinds. She bad studied the subject deeply and it affected her reason, to all appearance. The dread sf death seized her, aud she was con vinced she would die by some wasting disease inspired by microbes. Knowing that cold is fatal to the average germ, she had two rooms adjoining each other fitted as refrigerators and kept con stantly at a temperature of about 30 degrees or just below freezing point. One would suppose this to be more try lug than any quantity of microbes, but I he owner was happy in her conscious ness of freedom from germ diseases. Winter and summer the rooms were kept at the same point, and the adjoin ing rooms aud hall were also kept cool that no current of warm air might bring bacilli in. This lady lived clad in furs through out the hottest days that blazed out side, and her attendants and servants were obliged to constantly disinfect themselves before entering her pres ent. They lived in a perpetual at mosphere of carbolic acid, and their mistress had to pay very high wages to induce any servants to stay with her. London Answer. Where People Live in Trees. The delta of the Orinoco Kiver In South America is for a considerable part of the year deep In water. Yet this tract Is inhabited by the Warau tribe, who find it their only mode of escape from the terrible bites of the mosquito. The Waraus, therefore, make their habitations in the Ita Palm, which loves moisture and grows abund antly in this delta, connecting several tf the trees together with cross-beams and laying planks upon tbem for the flooring. The natives of the Philippine Islands and Borneo sleep In trees. The ape men of India, "the Yeddas of Cey lon, and the Bukones of the Andaman Islands also live in trees. Some years ago. Dr. Moffat, the great missionary, while In South Africa, saw one tree in which there were no fewer than twenty colonial huts of a Kaffir tribe. A pow erful chief had deprived them of all their cattle and weapons. By degrees the lions became so numerous and dar ing that the slight Kaffir huts were an insufficient protection during the night, and the half-starved people perforce took to the trees. Gardening in Africa. The main trouble in a British West African diet is a lack of fresh green food. So wrote the late Mary H. Kings ley, the African explorer, in Climate, and she proceeded to mention some of the difficulties in the way of supplying that deficiency. Gardening in West Africa is nervous work. I have worked in gardens there, and know that even lifting a kale-pot is not there, as it is here, a trifling act because under the kale-pots you have there a chance of finding divers things that, if In spirits on a shelf of the Brit ish Museum reptile gallery, would give pleasure, but there, close to oae's ankles and not lu,., led and corked down, are merely exciting and unp.eas aut. Still, if the suakes go iu the .hw direction, one has the satisfaction of having fresh vegetables. There are plenty of -worse thing than snakes connected with West Afri can gardening. In some places then are elephants, in others hippopotami Specimens of either in a garden for a night are incompatible with success, for a season, at least. Then. If you hire a man to sit up all night in the garden ami ring a hand bell to keep such in traders off, he keeps you a wale also If you take away the bell and set him up in business with a fire to scare ganic off, a leopard usually comes and takes him away, which distresses you very much. Gardening in West Africa Is not to be undertaken light-heartedly by persons of a nervous or irritable disposition. Science vention The new German dictionary of the carbon compounds uames 74.147 of these substances, aud the end is yet far off. Elephants have only eight teeth two below and two above on each side. All an elephant's baby teeth fall out when the animal is about fourteen years old, aud a new set grows. Experiments by Prof. Loeb show tllat chemically pure salt is fatal to fish, though present iu the same propor tion as iu sea water. It is agreed that it is useful to animals, but the mixture: of it with other salts renders it non toxic, as proved by bis further experi ments. "Nature" notes a remarkable fact In connection with the West indiau hur ricane of September, 1898. It app.-a.s that before the hurricane one of the tamest and commonest birds on the isl and of St. Yincent was a small hum ming bird, but none of these birds have been seen since September, 1808. According to Mons. Sigriste. of the French Academy of Sciences, the only thoroughly scientific shutter for instan taneous photography comsts of a slit moving rapidly across the sensitive plate. But to obtain good results the space between the plate aud the shut ter should not exceed one-teuth of a millimetre, and the edges of the slit must be sharp and caiefully beveled to exclude reflection. The blue coral is known as one of the most isolated of living animals. It lias been described as the ouly species of Irs genus and the only member of Its family, "with no close liviug relations and uokuown ancestors." Recently, however. Prof. J. W. Gregory has dis covered in the British Museum what he believes to be au ancestor of the louely blue coral In a fossil coral of the Cre taceous period, called Polytremacis. By distilling fresh herring and oily pine wood In an iron retort, and then condensing the products in a Liebig condenser, William C. Day reports, iu the American Chemical .lournal, that he has produced an artificial asphalt close ly resembling the natural product. This experiment is regarded as confirmatory of the opinion that asphalt and petrol eum are the products of a natural dis tillation by which the remains of early forms of animal and vegetable life have been transformed in the heated crust of the earth. Bret Harte's "outcast In gray." the coyote, is described by Prof. C. F. Holder as a species of wolf which is virtually a wild dog. Domestic dogs, he says, although they will kill the male coyote, will often refuse to injure the female. Prof. Holder defends the coyote against those who would exter minate him, on the ground that he is the only effective enemy of the jack rabbit and the ground squirrel, which cause so much damage in California A coyote in a camp after chickens yelps so fast that he creates the Impres sion that a whole pack Is abroad. Naturalists have generally accepted the opinion that ants are not able to perceive any souuds that are audible to human ears. Prof. Weld, of the Iowa State University, controverts this opin ion. He describes In Science careful experiments made by him with four species of American ants, from which he deduces the conclusion that these species, at least, are able to, perceive sounds, but whether they do it by means of organs of hearing, or through the sense of touch being excited by at mospheric vibrations, he is unable to say with certainty. He Inclines to the opinion that they do really hear, as some individuals showed a perception of the direction of the sound, such as that of a shrill whistle, and others, which were not disturbed when vio lently' shaken in their glass prisons, seemed to be "driven nearly frantic by shrill sounds." Boats for Arctic Travel. Boats described as steel rams are now in use in Ice-locked Russian harbors and rivers and have proved that they can force their way through thick ice, even with 72 degrees of frost. The harbor of Vladivostok, till of late her metically sealed for four or five months, has since 1893 been kept ac cessible through the winter; the Fiu nish' port of Hango is now open to com merce throughout the year. And last winter a similar steam ram kept up connection with the Ural railway through the Ice of the Yolga at Sara toff. It is proposed now to keep open by stronger boats of this kind the com munication of St. Petersburg with the sea and to force a winter connection through the ice from Archangel to the mouth of the Yenisei. Admiral Maka rof, addressing the Russian Geograph ical Society, insists that still more pow erful boats of this kind might safely be counted on to cope with polar ice, such as Nansen had to deal with, and to cut a passage to the north pole. Chambers' Journal. Spain's Underground River. The Guadiana, a Spanish river, aftei flowing for thirty miles overhead, van- ! ishes underground, and for the next thirty miles pursues its course as an underground river, only appearing at in:?rvals in the shape of lakelets, the ogos or eyes of the Guadiana as they are called. This is the largest under ground river which has been fully traced. People are always disappointed in a circus. SEEK IMPURE MEATS. GOVERNMENT INSPECTS CATTLE AT CHICAGO YARDS. Beeves, Hogs, Sheep and Calves Are Searched for Disease Rigid Post and Ante -Mortem Examination of Kach Animal by Lynx-Eyed Officials. Few people have even the least knowledge of the great work doue by the national government iu inspecting the killing of cattle, hogs and sneep at the Chicago stock yards. This inspec tion is being carried on in the stock yards of forty -eight other cities in the United States, but it is operated on a far greater sale in Chicago than at any other point. Such a sharp watch for diseased and objectionable animals is maintained that it is practically an im possibility for unlit meat, designed for interstate or export shipment, to leave the inspected slaughter-houses at the yards. Every annual killed receives two or three inspections aud when a diseased oue is found the carcass is guarded as carefully as a box of jew elry until it is completely destroyed, as far as edible purposes are concerned. Two kinds of inspection are given every beef, hog or sheep that goes out of the yards as being fit to eat. These examinations are autemortem and post mortem. Sometimes the first one alone Is sufficient to bar out animals and they never get as far as the slaughtering pens. The antemortem inspection, of course, takes place "on the hoof" and Is conducted just before the animals are driven onto the scales to be weighed for purchase by the packer from the stockman. The Inspector examines each animal as it is driven forward to ward the platform of the scales. Any animal that is evidently affected with disease or is emaciated is ordered cut out. The packer, of course, decliues to buy an animal which the inspector has GOVERNMENT declined to pass, and the loss talis on the stockman. But after this antemor tem inspection the animals become the property of the packer and all losses through ultimate condemnation of the stock must, of course, fall upon him. A sheep which bears on its skin plain evidence of "sheep scab," a hog with large, red cholera splotches on his hide, a steer with external tumors, sores or abscesses, or any animal which exhibits the ordinary indications of illness, such as Inability to walk, etc., will be cut out. Tlje law requires that the refused animal must be killed and turned into soap fat and fertilizer. The number of animals cut out at the antemortem examination varies so greatly that the inspectors decline to strike an average on the number ex cluded per day. Thousands may be passed without one being refused, but in the next hundred 10 per cent or more may be condemned. As a matter of fact, however, many of the diseased animals pass this first inspection with out exciting the suspicion on the part of the inspectors, for they bear no ex terior evidence whatever of the fact that they are suffering from a danger ous illness. Passing this first Inspection success fully, the animals are weighed and sent to the slaughter-houses of the company purchasing them. Hogs receive by far the most careful inspection. Two in spectors watch the passing of the slaughtered hogs, while but one ex amines cattle, and there is also but one each for sheep and calves. The hogs are given the stricter examination because of their greater liability to dis ease and the greater danger to be found In the Incipient stages o" hog diseases, and it, of course, goes without saying that early stages of disease in any ani mals are more difficult to detect than those more advanced. After going through the first opera tions at the slaughter-house the hog is strung up by the heels with hundreds of others and passes forward in a line that seems endless. The device to which the animals are strung up is fit ted with a small wheel which rolls along a single track. Not far from the point where the hogs are first strung up and only a few feet from the line of moving carcasses sits the first of the hog inspectors. As each hog passes in front of him a workman with two slashes of a knife removes the entire viscera from the already partially open ed body of the hog and throws them on a platform at the side of the raised chair in which the inspector is sitting. Just above the head of the inspector and a little to the rear is an electric lamp, which throws a brilliant stream of light down on the platform. Each time as the entrails are thrown down the inspector glances down at them. One glance is sufficient. Long, long practice at postmortems and fa miliarity with normal viscera enable j the inspector to tell quicker than the I wink of an eye if anything is the mat i ter with the hog whose vital organs and Intestines have been .thrown before him. Spots on the lungs, enlargement of the lymph glands, darkened appear ance of other glands, blackened spinal column and perhaps half a dozen addi tional points indicate to him at once that the hog is diseased. Every time this inspector finds a case which he thinks suspicious or clearly denned as unfit for food he steps forward from his chair and slips a wire loop 'through the flesh of the hog. The wire bears a large yellow card stating that the carcass Is condemned. Also attached to the -wire Is a small lead seal for fastening the two ends of the wire together. At that moment the wire is not seal ed, but its presence bearing the yellow card signifies that the carcass is to lie placed to one side for further examina tion. For removing this wire and card the United States laws prescribe a heavy line and imprisonment. Carcns.es Kxa mined Twice. Further down the lino of moving porkers is the second United States In spector. The first inspector has neither the time nor the opportunity for doing more than to inspect that viscera of the' animal. The hog has not yet been split in twain aud he could not possibly see the interior conditions of the carcass, but before the swiue have been pushed down as far as the second inspector each oue lias been chopped into halves by the sharp cleavers in the hand3 of the workmen.. This official gives the inner cavities an examination and also carefully inspects the outer skin. Red spots on the hide or granular tubercles sticking to the abdominal or chest walls are the most common evidences of dis ease found by this inspector. The red spots indicate cholera and the tubercles are evideuce of tuberculosis, or con sumption. The official goes through the same tagging as was referred to above, unless the carcass was one that had already been tagged by the first in spector. The yellow-carded hogs are run off on a -side track and all of them kept to gether until after they can be visited MEAT INSPECTION AT THE CHICAGO STOCK YARDS. by the inspectors after the killing day is over. Each carcass is then given a more thorough examination than was possible at the time when they were passing rapidly In front of the Inspec tors. If it is found that the pork bears evidence that it Is impregnated with disease to an extent that would render its use in the least dangerous, condem nation Is then completed. The two ends of the wire which was passed through the llesh by the inspector are pulled to gether, the loose end is Imbedded in a slot in the piece of lead attached to the other end and with pinchers the lead is pressed over the wire. Thus the final sealing is completed. On the lead seal as well as upon the yellow cards ap pears "U. S. Condemnation." All of the carcasses condemned are taken to refrigerated retaining rooms, where they are locked up by the United States employes, no one else having keys to the lock. When a room Is filled it is sealed as well as locked, and It is a crime .or anyone other than an in spector to break the seals. When the packing-house Is ready to dispose-of the condemned pork the seals are broken and the doors of the retaining rooms unlocked by the officials and, under the eye of an inspector, each hog is re moved and pushed down through the hole in the top of the big rendering, tank. Into this tank all kinds of offal must be thrown, so that the pork may at once be ruined for use as food. In this tank the pork is steamed and boil ed until Is decomposed. The fat rises to the surface and the bones and meat sink to the bottom. The fat skimmed from the top to be used in the manu facture of the cheapest kinds of so-Ap and the bones and meat are taken out to be used in making fertilizers. With the passing of hogs by the sec ond inspector all examination for pork to be consumed in the United States is complete. No record of the inspection is stamped directly upon the carcass, as in the case with cattle, for no whole or half hogs are sent out from the slaughter-houses, all swine being cut into smaller pieces. The inspection brands are later placed on these small pieces, directly on the meat itself or in the form of tags pasted upon the canvas covers. Pork for foreign export receives ex amination after passing this regular in spection which Is so elaborate and thorough that it can scarcely be com prehended by anyone who has not made a personal visit to the yards and witnessed the work. From three dif ferent parts of the body of every hog which is designed for export bits of flesh are taken for microscopic examin ation. Traces of trichinae and other diseased conditions which can be de tected only through the microscope are sought for with the utmost diligence. After the pork has satisfactorily pass ed all of these microscopic tests it Is placed in" casks and stowed away under lock and key in cold storage rooms. Here It Is watched and guarded as if It were precious metal. At the gate open ing into these rooms is a government office which keeps track of everything that goes into or out of these frigid apartments. Foreign regulations have been so rigid in relation to admission of American pork that these extremely strict and Iron-clad regulations have be come absolutely necessary. Accept Beef Inspection. The requirements In regard to Ameri can beef malntainel by foreign coun tries are by no means as heavy as those on pork, and the United States inspec tion given for Interstate trade is ac cepted as ample by all other coun tries. Cattle are not nearly so liable to disease as hogs and on a day when fif teen or twenty hogs might be thrown out in a single packing house there might be only one, two or three cattle. Diseased steers are often among the very finest appearing and heaviest that are purchased. That they" are worth less is only discovered after they have been killed and opened. ; Tuberculosis is the disease with which the cattle are most often found to be afflicted. It is also often found among diseased bogs, but cholera is most common with the latter. The men who Inspect hogs can just as well as not sit down while per forming most of the work, so they re main on duty a half a day at a time, but those performing work over cattle must constantly walk about, so they are kept on duty only two hours at a time, the men laboring In two alternat ing shifts. In the cattle slaughtering de partment one man does all of the actual inspecting, but a second official puts the purple stamps on the beeves. The layman would at once' vote the job of the cattle inspector most un pleasant. In a long; yellow, oil coat the Inspector tramps about in blood an Inch or two deep, up and down the long line of men who are doing various feat ures ha the dressing of the cattie. He can't sit down or stand still as can the inspectors in the hog departments. Too many important things are done or ex- posures made at different places, so iu order to see it all he must keep con stantly on the move. Cattle are not handled and shoved out of the way as quickly as hogs, so there is time enough for one man to walk here and there and see the skinning, the fat that is soon re moved after the killing, the viscera, the exterior f the carcass, the interior, etc. No workman dares remove any part of the carcass from where it was taken out until after it has been examined by the inspector and passed as satisfac tory. The vital organs and the intes tines may then be thrown to the differ ent places where they properly belong. When the cattle inspector finds a sus picious beef he tags it in the same way as the hog inspector does a porker, and it Is run off into a sidetrack, where It is held to await final examination. The half beeves which are passed as all right are rolled on down the line to the point where their dressing is completed and here stands the stamper with his rubber stamp and inked pad ready to affix a purple oval stamp about three inches long, In which are letters half an inch high. At three different points on the abdominal and chest walls, an terior to the hind quarter, this official places his stamp, the three sections stamped being the three Into which the half of the body of a beef is divided for transportation to the butcher. In the cooling room, when the outside of the beef Is more thoroughly dried, the same stamp is placed on the hind quarter, making altogether four stamps which are placed on each half of a beef. Besides "U. S. Inspection" on the stamp there are a letter and two num bers, one number being immediately at the side of the letter and the other be tween two stars which are at the be ginning and end of "U. S. Inspection," which curves about the oval. By these figures and the letter on the meat the department officials (-an tell if they are ever called on to do so what inspector passed the meat, in what abattoir it was killed and the day upon which it was killed. So, in case any dealer re- ' ceived a piece of the stamped meat and claimed it was not good he could re turn It to the stock yards and the gov ernment officials would trace the trou ble back to the very beginning. Inspection of the slaughtering of ani mals was established by the govern ment in 1891, aud since the year of the founding of the great plan it has grown and flourished and spread like the tra ditional green bay tree. Constantly In creasing appropriations for its mainten ance and support and increase of scope have been made by Congress and all th hopes and expectations of the promo: ers of the scheme hare been, realized. The burden of Inspection Is operated under the government department of j agriculture. "Didn't you hear about it?" "No.' "Why, the thing happened right dowi In your own neighborhood." "I know but my- wife's away for the summer. Philadelphia Press. ! CANDLES ARE GOOD TIMEPIECES Miner Note the Passing of the Honrs by Watching the Burning Tapers. Down In the coal mines, where sun Hals would be quite useless, and where watches are not always to be found, some curious ways of keeping time are 3f ten resorted, to. Although the under ground toilers spend their working hours In what must be regarded as per petual night, they are usually able to form a fairly correct estimate of the time of day. Even when a few men are at work in a lonely and distant part of the mine without a watch it is a rare thing for any miner to remain at work nfter the proper leaving-off time, and it must be remembered that their work is invariably piece work. In those mines where candles are in j use the miners are able to form a good ' Idea of the time by the number of "fat sticks" they burn. Four ordinary tal- low dips are given out each morning to : the pony drivers, and when these are ! used or nearly used they know It is time to "knock off" for the day. A colliery manager once sent a man to work by himself in a lonely part of the pit, giving him four candles and telling him that it would be time to go home when they were gone. The man was not a coal hewer, but a rod ciean er, and worked by the day. He was supposed to be a bit daft, but on arriv ing at his lonely working place be was wise enough to remember what the manager had told him. Fixing up the candles on a pit prop, he proceeded to light all four of them at each end, with the result that he "was soon oh his way home again. In some, of. the poorer rural districts, where clock towers are "conspicuous by their absence" and where watches are still few and far between, various methods of reckoning time are in vogue at different places.- Flowers are often found to open or close their petals at a given time, and it is said that in a cer tain rustic corner of Scotland, where there is no clock, the children are dis missed from school at a signal from "the yellow goat's beard," which regu larly closes its petals at 4 In the after noon. - ' In a large workshop on the outskirts j of a Pennsylvania town the workmen usually stop for breakfast at the ap- pea ranee of a passenger train which ! pulls up at the adjoining station at 8 j a. m. with remarkable promptness. That irregular riser, the sun, is not a ; bad indicator of the time when he is up and shining. Apart from the ordi nary sun dial that his light may be j and often Is adapted for time keeping j in various other ways. When the shad- ow of a house or other building reaches j a given spot at, say, 12 o'clock a peg may be driven into the ground, and when the shadow creeps up to the peg i the next day you may venture to ; -"knock off" for dinner that Is, provld : Ing no one has moved the peg. Another way of keeping time by the 1 sun Is to make a chalk mark on a wall ; where a streak of sunshine, coming through a crevice or other opening in the opposite wall, rests for the time be ing. The worst of it Is that cloudy days always put a stop to this method of telling the time of day Cincinnati Enquirer. How the Eyesight Tires. People speak of their eyes being tired, meaning that the retina or seeing por tion of the eye is fatigued, but such Is not the case, as the retina hardly ever gets tired. The fatigue is In the Inner and other muscles attached to the eye- j ball, and the muscle of accommodation which surrounds the lens of the eye. When a near object is to be looked at this muscle relaxes and allows the lens to thicken, increasing its refractive power. The inner and outer muscles are used In covering the eye on the ob ject to be looked at, the Inner one le lng especially used when A near object is looked at. It is in the three muscles ; mentioned that the fatigue is felt, and relief is secured temporarily by closing the eyes or gazing at far-distant ob jec ts. The usual Indication of strain is a redness of the rim of the eyelid, be tokening a congested state of the inner surface, accompanied by some pain. Sometimes this weariness indicates the need of glasses rightly adapted to the person, and In other cases the true remedy is to massage the eye and its surroundings as far as may be with the hand wet in cold water. Philadelphia Ledger. Swiss Chimney Sweeps. In Switzerland the chimney sweep Is an official personage. He is the em ploye of the commune, receiving a fixed salary, his actions controlled by the government, and he himself holding on by the back straps to the car of state. ! He is also, as many tourists will have noticed, qne of the few sons of the Hel- , vetian republic who on Sundays and week days sports a tall silk hat. This he wears with dignity, but It is gener- j ally brushed .the wrong way. On his : official tour he takes It off blandly, and informs the householder that he is "em- powered by the State to Inspect his , flues." In the canton of Grisons re- ! eently the post and title of "ramoneur . communal' was opened to competition. The salary was 32 a year, and the can- j didates were numerous. But the ! strange thing was that they were most- ! ly village schoolmasters from Italy. A painful sign of the times in that unrest ful land. "Better," says L'ltalla del j Popolo, "be a chimney sweep in Swltz- erland than a schoolmaster In Italy." But the Italia del Popolo has recently been suppressed. Pa 11 Mall Gazette. A Mother's Advice to Her Son. So you are looking for a sweetheart? Well, then, by her music you may know Ler. If a girl manifests a predi lection for Strauss, she Is frivolous; If ! for Beethoven, she is unpractical; if for j Verdi, she is sentimental; if for Offen- j bach, she is giddy; If for Gounod, she Is lackadaisical; if for Gottscbalk, she is superficial; if for Moaart, she Is pru- j dish; If tor Flotow, she is common place; if for Wagner, she Is Idiotic. The girl who hammers away at "The Maid en's Prayer," "The Anvil Chorus," and "BUvery Waves," may be depended upon as a good cook and a helpful wife; j but last of all, my son, pin thy faith 1 on the calico dress of a girl who cannot play at all." Money even attracts bullets. A man who missed a barn door with a rifle yesterday easily plugged a silver dollar at a distance of fifty yards. - ' WALKS BLINDLY TO 2GATH. One of the Keenest Birds Is Often De ceived by His Visual Organs. After trudging all day long the top of the mountain with no success at all, In asmuch as I had shot several times, but failed to bring down my game, 1 ran across an old hunter, J. W. Hyde. After the usual greeting we seated ourselves on an old log to exchange notes. I put the question: "Why are the turkeys always on the run when I see them?" The old man spit through his teeth, changed his position, laid bis long, muzzle-loading rifle on the ground, put the fourth portion of a plug of tobacco In his mouth, and proceeded to tell me why the turkeys were always on the run when I saw them. "Of all the game I have ever hunted, turkeys display the most wonderful power of vision. I cannot tell just why this is. I have made a microscopical examination of the eyes of the hawk, eagle, fox, weasel and owl, but find no material difference in the lens and retina; the ciliary muscles and the iris are exactly the same; yet none of these keen-visioned creatures can compare with the turkey In point of seeing. I remember the acuteness of sight dis played by an old gobbler in the spring of 1892. I had carefully concealed my self, and no part of my body was visi ble but the upper portion of my head. A. puff of wind slightly disturbed the brim of my hat; he saw it and immedi ately took to flight. "On another occasion I was hunting In the mountains of Georgia. I was ly ing behind a log and was carefully hid den, but all the upper part of my face. A turkey was slowly coming in re sponse to my call, and was carefully noticing for signs of danger. A mos quito was stinging me fearfully on the forehead; I raised my finger slowly to crush it, aud as soon as the finger came within the range of vision, cluck went the turkey and he was gone. "Now, the most unexplicable thing In regard to hunting turkeys Is that, with all his acuteness of sight, the sur est way to get a shot Is to sit down In an open place with your back against a tree, in full view, and, strange to say, he" will walk up within ten steps with out seeing you." Forest and Stream. Edwin Markbam has nearly com pleted his second volume of poems. W. B. Yeats is working at his import ant book on the folklore of Galway. He Is also engaged on a new novel. William Heinemann has brought out In London Stephen Crane's two stories, "George's Mother" and "Maggie," In one volume, under the title of "Bowery Tales." A new novel by Gertrude Hall, the title of which Is to be "April's Sowing," is announced. The name is said to have been suggested by the following lines in Browning's "Plppa Passes:" You'll love me yet. and I can tarry f Your love's protracted growing; Juue reared the bunch of flowers you carry, From seeds of April sowing. A historical novel, dealing with the life of the earlier settlers of the Mo hawk Valley just before the revolution, has been written by Miss Pauline Brad ford Mackie. author of "Ye Little Salem Maid." It will be entitled "A Georgian Actress." A series of biographies of famous liv ing actors and actresses is to be pub lished soon. The first two biographies will be "Ellen Terry," by Clement Scott, and "John Drew," by Edward A. Dithmar. The volumes are to be copi ously illustrated with photographs In character. Hall Caine's forthcoming story Is not to be called "The Roman," but "The Eternal City." It will be published iu England In the Lady's Magazine, a new periodical which C. A. Pearson will bring out next January, and In this country in the New Magazine to be pub lished in the fall by R, H. Russell. It Is said that Mr. Caine received $7,500 for the serial rights. Greatest Docks in the World. The marine docks at Portsmouth, En gland, are the largest in the world, cov ering more than 300 acres aud employ ing some 10,000 men. Two of the larg est docks are OtjO feet long and 83 broad. All are what is knowu as stone graving docks. They are dug out of a sufficient depth, length and width to enable vessels of a certain size to be admitted. They are constructed of granite and fitted with heavy gates; the vessel is floated into the dock and properly shored up on the keel blocks the gates are closed the water then pumped out. Such docks are below the level of the dockyard. The walls are built with stairs like the seats in an amphitheater, so that workmen may go up and down, and great cranes lift ing forty tons are used iu handling ma terials. When a vessel is completed all that Is necessary to launch her is to open the gates, fill the dock and she floats out without risk or trouble. The advantage of a number of docks at a station is the readiness with which a small vessel may be put into a small dock and a large vessel Into a large one at once, this being done with sq much economy of time and labor.-. Providence Journal. A Randolph Anecdote. In the "Green Bag" the sketch o; John Randolph includes this illustra tive anecdote, the Chief Justice alluded to being, it is presumed, his political foe, John Marshall, of the United States Court: In some of Randolph's peculi arities he seems to have taken pride. One which he cultivated with care was an exaggerated precision of pronuncia tion. This led him to correct without hesitation whatever he considered a blunder In that respect. In one of his irritable , moods at Roanoke he grew very impatient for his cup of coffee, and testily asked the woman who was wait ing on him, "Why don't you make that coffee?" "I wuz a-makin' it," she re plied. "You 'wux' makin' it," retorted the sick man. "Who ever said 'wits' but you and the Chief Justice!" .'