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CORVALLIS SEMI-WEEKLY. SIJIKST.vi-'L'.Sf.e.. i Consolidated Feb., 1899. CORVALLIS, BENTON COUNTY, OREGON, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1900. VOL. I. NO. 28 WHEN AT THE LAST. When at the last I lay me down to sleep. And of the morrow's dawning reckon not. When night no more, no more may vigil keep, And love's brief noon is but a dream forgot Back to the Past, its sad and variant ways, Be Thou the warder of my yesterdays Amid the paths long lost, or sought too late. Where waywardness hath wandered, love been blind. If there be one that lieth clear and straight Unseen, perchance forgot thou mayest find. Even in that perverse, perplexing maze, lhe white thread shining 'mid my yes terdays. So oft have love's torch wavered, love's feet failed. Were the vain reckoning mine 'twere but to weep. Blind Thou the sight by memory as sailed, When at the last I lay me down to sleep, And through Time's deep and labyrin- thian ways Crown Thou some moment in my yes terdays! Harper's Bazar. rpO.U NELSON and his cousin. II Harry Morton, were deeply inter- ested in the rearing of pigeons Their fathers owned adjoining 'aims, and the houses were about a quarter of a mile apart. Many were the journeys that the boys made to and fro in order to compare notes and to exchange ideas In regard to the care and training of their pets. Indeed, so urgent and pressing at times was the need of speedy communi cation that they so trained several birds of the carrier species that a message could be dispatched and a reply received In an astonishingly short space of time. Each boy carried home every night a pigeon from the other's dovecote, which HE TRAMP WAS SPLITINO OrKX A TIN SAVINGS BANK. he kept in a cage ready to fend with a note when occasion required. One rainy day Tom Nelson, having nothing to do a:3 finding the time hanging heavily on his hands, thought It a favorable opportunity for him to pay his cousin a visit, and had caught up his hat with that intention, when his father, passing through the kitchen where he was, said: "Tom, I am going to the village, to be gone several hours, and I don't want you to leave the house. I have noticed several tramps around here lately and they might be troublesome to your mother if they found her alone." "All right, sir," said Tom, who felt somewhat disappointed, but he had long ago learned to not grumble about trifles. "I feel uneasy about that money, George," said Mrs. Nelson, who had en tered the room and was looking anx iously at her husband. "What money?" asked Tom. "Why," said his father, "the school board at their last meeting made me treasurer and handed me all the funds, amounting to a little over $500." "Where is it?" asked Tom again. "Safely hidden away where no one will be likely to find it," answered his father, laughing. "If you and your mother don't know where it is you will not be able to tell any one, that's cer tain," and he went off. "I never feel safe with so large an amount in the house," said Mrs. Nelson, and she went about her work with a preoccupied air. Tom busied himself writing a note to his cousin, and when it was ready he went to the woodshed and brought in the cage containing the messenger. He was just going to tie the note to the bird's wing when the kitchen door opened and a man walked in without knocking, a man of the real, genuine, unadulterated tramp species diity, ragged, unkempt and brutal-looking. "Villain" was written in unmistakable characters on his ugly countenance. He asked abruptly for, or rather de manded, something to eat, and Mrs. Nelson, with a troubled glance at him, set about preparing a meal, pretending to take no notice of the furtive glances which her unwelcome guest was cast ing around him. Tom, who was a slightly built lad of 15, did not seem a formidable obstacle to this burly rogue, for after one care less glance in the boy's direction he took the chair offered by Mrs. Nelson and sat down to his dinner. Tom, remembering his father's part ing words, was in a sore dilemma. He Instinctively feared the man, for he knew that he had not the strength to contend with him if violence was offer ed, and he felt sure there would be trouble when the tramp had refreshed himself. There were no near neighbors, and he could not leave his mother alone while he went for help. While all this was passing through his mind his glance fell upon the note he had written, and he started as a thought entered his mind. Seizing the pen, he opened the note and hurriedly added: "A rascally looking tramp has just come in. Mother is feeding him, but there is no telling what he will be up to when he gets through eating. Ask uncle and Mike to come over as quick as they can. Father is away." Fastening the note securely to the pigeon, he went to the door, and open ing it let the bird go. As he did so the man sprung from the table where he had been swallowing his food in great gulps, caught Tom by the shoulder and llung him across the room, saying, roughly: "Set down, sonny, and make yourself easy. Coin' to call the neighbors, was ye? You jest git me that there money, and be quick about it." Mrs. Nelson, pale and trembling, sprung between them, trying to explain that they were ignorant as to the loca tion of any money. "Come; none of that!" fiercely Inter rupted the man. "Shut yer jaw or tell me where it Is. It'll be the worse for ye if ye don't. That school money yer man's takin' care of. You know what I mean." Then he drew a revolver, threatening to shoot them both if they persisted in their denial. Mrs. Nelson .ihook her head; she could not speak; but Tom, white to the lips, muttered hoarsely: "You'll have to shoot, then, for I don't know where it is, and I'm glad I dan't, for I might be coward enough to tell if 1 did," and then shut his eyes, expect ing the worst. The tramp eyed them incredulously for a moment, and, making up his mind that they were speaking the truth, after a pause of indecision, opened a door near where he stood. Discovering that it was a dark closet, without win dow or means of escape, he drove them into it at the pistol's point, and as there was a key in the door locked them in. Then he began the search. It was a long one, for the money was well hid den, apparently. Cursing and swearing, he emptied the secretary and bookcase into the sitting-room; the bureaus and wardrobes in the bed-rooms, scatteiing the contents over the floor; the side board in the dining-room, and the clock on the mantel. He ripped up the mat tresses and pillows, turning the house into disorder, but no money could he find. Mad with rage and disappointment, still he persisted, in spite of the danger of discovery if he lingered. He was in the act of splitting open a tin savings bank, a relic of Tom's babyhood, which was heavy with a weight of 1-cent pieces which Mrs. JSelson found con venient to have on hand, when a calm voice of authority was heard at the door, saying: 'Give it up, my man; it's no use. And come along with me." It was the village constable who spoke, at the same time holding up a pair of handcuffs in a significant man ner. The tramp made a dash at the oppo site door, where he found Mike, Mr. Morton's hired man a brawny Irish manwho said, soothingly: "Whist, whist; not so fast, honey." He glanced wildly at the windows and saw stationed outside Mr. Nelson at one window and Mr. Morton at the other. Mr. Nelson had returned earlier than he expected, and had fallen in with the relief party which the con stable, on the trail of the tramp on his own account, had also joined. The mae. at bay, felt for his revolver. "You made a slight mistake, my friend," said the constable, In a jeering way, "when you left it lying on the din ing-room table." Seeing that the game was up, the man, with an imprecation, allowed him self to be handcuffed and followed the constable in sulky silence. Harry, who had followed the others. soon discovered the prisoners by the very vigorous blows and sounds in the kitchen closet and released them. One and all then and there agreed that the pigeon is one of the most useful and lovable of birds. Mr. Nelson, who had been inclined to consider his son' inter est in those gentle creatures a foolish waste of time, was the most enthusi astic of all. "For," said he, lifting down a wad of bills from the top of a door-casing where it had been snugly reposing, "the rascal might have got away with this after all if there had been time. How he found out that the money was in my possession is what beats me." It was a mystery which was never solved. Chicago Record. It Looks Like Celluloid. A substitute for celluloid is now be ing produced from untanned leather boiled in oil, which is said to resemble celluloid in every particular. It Is known as marloid and shows a texture similar to horn, while it can be made flexible and elastic or hard and unyield ing. It will take a high polish readily and may be stamped or pressed into any desired shape. An Boor's Speaking. A fluent speaker utters between 7,000 and 7,500 words in the course of an hour's uninterrupted speaking. Many orators of more than usual rapid ut terance will reach 8,000 and even 9,000, but 125 words a minute, or 7,500 an hour, Is a fair average. A little learning Is more explosive than unlimited ignorance. OUR BOYS AND G1ELS. THIS IS THEIR DEPARTMENT OF THE PAPER. Quaint Sayinsrs and Cnte Doina of the Little Folka Everywhere, Gathered and Printed Here for Alt Other Lit tle Onea to Read. Alone In a bustling, crowded city, without friends, experience or refer ences, John's chance of getting a posl tion looked exceedinsrlv slim. But, all unknown to himself, he had in his pos session a better recommendation than anv emDlover could eive: and this it was that secured him the situation which proved to be the first step on the ladder of success. John was 15, and very anxious to get a desirable place in the office of a well known lawyer who had advertised for a boy, but doubted his success, be cause, being a stranger in the city, he had no reference to present. "I am afraid I'll stand a poor chance," he thought, despondently; "however, I'll try to appear as well as I can, for that may help me a little." So he was careful to have his dress and person neat, and when he took his turn to be interviewed, went in with his hat in his hand and a smile on his face. The keen-eyed lawyer glanced him over from head to foot. "Good face," he thought, "and pleas ant ways." Then he noted the neat suit but other boys had appeared In new clothes saw the well-brushed hair and clean looking skin. Very well, but there had been others there quite as cleanly; an other glance, however, showed the fin ger nails free from soil. "Ah; that looks like thoroughness," thought the lawyer. Then be asked a few direct, rapid questions, which John answered as di rectly. "l'rompt," was his mental comment; "can speak up when necessary. Let's see your writing," he added aloud. John took a pen and wrote his name. '."Very good, easy to read, and no flour ishes. Now what references have you ?" The dreaded question, at last! John's face fell. He had begun to feel some hope of success, but this dis pelled it again. "I haven't any," he said, slowly; "I'm almost a stranger in the city." "Can't take a boy without refer ences," was the brusque rejoinder, but, as be spoke, a sudden thought sent a flush to John's cheek, "I haven't any references," he said, with hesitation, "but here's a letter from mother I just receixed. I wish you would read it." The lawyer took it. It was a short letter: My Dear John I want to remind you that, wherever you find work, you must consider that work your own. Don't undertake it, as some boys do, with the feeling that you will do as little as you can, and get something better soon, but make up your mind you will do as much as possible, and make yourself so nec essary to your employer that he will never let you go. You have been a good son to me, and I can truly say I have never known you to shirk. Be as good in business, and I am sure God will bless your efforts. "H'm!" said the lawyer, reading It -over the second time. "That's prettv good advice. John excellent advice. I rather think I'll try you, even without the references." John has been with him six years, and last spring was admitted to the bar. "Do you Intend taking that young man into partnership?" as&d a friend lately. "Yes, I do. I couldn't get along with out John; he is my right-hand man!" exclaimed the employer heartily. And John always says the best refer ence he ever had was a mother's good advice and honest praise. Bridge of Band Built by Ants. Something new and Interesting about ants was learned by a florist recently. For a week or so he had been bothered by ants that got into boxes of seeds which rested on a shelf. To get rid of the ants he put into execution an old plan, which was to place a meaty bone close by, which the ants soon covered, every one deserting the boxes of seeds. As soon as the bone would become thickly inhabited by the little creepers the florist tossed it into a tub of water. The ants having been washed off, the bone was put int use as a trap again. Yesterday the florist bethought himself that he would save trouble by placing the bone In the center of a sheet of fly paper, believing that the ants would never get to the bone, but would get caught on the sticky fly paper while trying to reach the food. But the florist was surprised to And that the ants, discovering the nature of the pa per trap, formed a working force and built a path clear to the bone. The ma terial for the walk was sand secured from a little pile near by. For hours the ants worked, and when the path was completed they made their way over Its dry surface in couples, as in a march, to the bone. Black f now. Recently in the Alps some of the na tives were greatly worried at a fall of apparently black snow. Had It not been that a scientist was on hand to explain that the blackness of the snow was caused by insects the Alps might have furnished a miracle story for fu ture grandfathers to talk about by the winter fire. It is a curious fact that an almost microscopic flea as black as ink feeds in the winter upon the moss and lichens of the trees and rocks of tne mountain tops. I mild weather millions of these minute creatures fly in swarms, often taking advantage of a snow storm to emerge. When tired they settle upon the snow, thus mak ing it look black. Sometimes whole acres will be dotted with the insects, the snow appearing a dark gray color on account of their presence. Earn Money By Plan of Hia Own. New Orleans has a hustling boy who is making money by a plan he devised himself. He supplies clean aprons and jumpers to bookbinders, printers and lithographers. He receives 5 cents for an apron and 10 cents for a jumper, and he has about fifty customers. His scheme required a little capital at the start, as he had to have two aprons for each man. The work keeps him busy only on Saturdays. He goes to school on other days. One of his cards Is be-i fore us, reading: A. B. DAVENPORT, Apron Merchant, NEW ORLEANS. Albert is proud of the success which he is meeting in his business venture. This may be a suggestion to other American boys in large cities. Havine Their Picture Taken. "Sit up straight and look pleasant now." Led in One Thins:. "Is there anything in which you ex celled when you went to school?" asked Miss Cayenne. 'Yes," answered Willie Wishington. "I made more blunders than any other boy in the class." Various Peoples in Europe. According to figures -given by La Revue Francalse de l'Etranger, the to tal population of Euroiae, by calcula tions made on the latest census, is 380, 000,000, which is a gain of 37,000,000 over that computed January, 1888. Here is a table showing the figures given in the Revue: European Russia and Finland.100,200,000 Germany 52,300,000 Austria-Hungary 4,o00,000 The United Kingdom 39,800,000 France 38,500,000 Italy 31,300,000 Spain 18,000,000 Belgium 6,500,000 Turkey in Europe 5,800,000 Roumania 5,600,000 Portugal 5,000,000 Sweden - 5,000,000 Holland 4,900,000 Bulearia 3,300,000 Switzerland 3,000,000 Greece 2,400,000 Denmark 2,300,000 Servia 2,300,000 Norway 2,000,000 The density of the population accord ing to each square kilometer (about 0.386 square miles) is thus reckoned: In Belgium, 220; Italy, 169; Holland 149; England, 126; Germany, 97; Switz erland, 73; France, 72; Austria, 69; Spain, 36; Russia, 20. While the an nual Increase of the population" of Rus sia has been 1.45 for every 100 in the last ten years, that of Germany has been 1.15, of Austria-Hungary 0.9C, of England 0.35, of Italy 0.45, of France 0.08. At this rate of augmentation, in 100 years, Russia would have 228,000, 000 inhabitants, Germany 106,000,000, Austria -Hungary 79,000,000, England 65,000,000, Italy 44,000,000, and France only 40,000,000. The Teacher of Paderewski. The chief attraction at Vienna has been Professor Leschetltzky, the teach er of Paderewski, and perhaps the best known of all teachers of piano. He is moody and impatient, but Is a prince of good fellows to the pupil who shows talent or excessive Industry. He has taught most of the great American pianists. I visited Professor Leschetltzky at his summer house at Ischl, and during our conversation he made the follow ing statements In regard to American music students which are well worth their attention: "They ought not come to us unless they are musical,, and know music." "Too many of them don't know how to touch the piano, and I have neither the time nor the patience to teach the scales." "A talented man or woman ought by all means to come over here, if only to see how little he or she knows about music." "Your young people "lack depth and Industry. They are very enthusiastic at first, but most of them drop off when the hard work begins." Woman's Home Companion. British Dogs in Caesar's Day. The time of the Roman occupation of Britain, five distinct species of dogs were there, most of which can with certainty be identified with those of the present day. There were the house dog, the greyhound, the bulldog, the terrier and the slowhound. When a bride appears with an arti cle of clothing on that she wore before marriage, the women do lota of screaming. m&rzrzz" will TRUMPET CALLS. Ram's Horn Sounds a Warning; Note to the Unredeemed. a K K m are no dead saints. SS? T.nve nnlu rnn lighten 1 a b o r's load. A long p aver may rise from lit tle piety. The worst things are always corruptions of the best. The value of a painful piety de pends on who had the pain. Our Indebtedness to God is due to man. The better days will come only as you do your best to-day. The church without a prayer meeting is a body without a heart. While we are close to Christ we never find any weight in his yoke. The more intensive your faith the more extensive your influence. If you give no place to the devil you will not go to the devil's place. Too many preachers are thinking more of salary than of service. He who groans most in prayer fre quently loans the Lord least in charity. The spirit of the meeting is not great ly helped by the people who say, "I will be with you in spirit." Tapering off a bad habit Is but spin ning out a rope to hold you till the next siege of the temptation. The Christian who knows God will praise Him every day of his life, whether he feels like it or not. The raven who failed to return to the ark is a picture of many Christians who, being saved, never look back to say so. MISTAKES IN MAKING CHANGE. Any Hard and Fast Rule Respecting Correction May Work Badly. Last Sunday morning a lady in heavy black attire, carrying an umbrella, a fan and a prayer book, took an electric car at the station and sat down in the seat next the rear door. When the car reached the point of her destination, the conductor had just gone forward to take up fares. She signaled him to stop and held up a bill to pay him. The conductor took the money and without i suspicion of impatience handed her back the change. Meanwhile the car waited. "You should have come for my fare earlier," she remonstrated mildly. She got off at last, and the car went forward and stopped at the next crossing to take on another pas senger. Just then the lady in black be gan to make violent gestures from the distant sidewalk. "What's the matter with her now?" asked a youth on the rear platform. "Kicking about her change," growled the conductor. "Ring the belPand go on," returned the first speaker. "She has a right to what is due her," exclaimed a young woman with spirit. All was silent in the car as the black figure came trotting through the mud as rapidly as her long skirts, prayer book, fan, and umbrella would let her. "See," she said, catch ing her breath as she came within speaking distance and still holding the change the conductor had given her, "see here! You have given me too much!" This reminds me of an incident which I witnessed some years ago in the Old Colony station. There was at that time a very stuffy and ill-mannered ticket seller at the window. One day he sold a ticket to a suburban passenger, who paid for it with a bill and gathered up his change and passed on a few steps before he counted it. Then he came back and called across the line of peo ple who were buying tickets: "See here, you have made a mistake in giv ing me change." The ticket seller burst upon him abusively. "Don't you see that notice over tfie window?" he shout ed. 2 'Count your change before you leave the window.' I can't correct your change now." "Very well," said the suburban man; "you gave me just $3 too, much change for that $10 bill, but never mind I won't trouble you." He tucked the money into his vest pocket and walked away, and as there was a considerable crowd and the ticket setter could not climb through his window the man was out of sight In a moment. Meantime the ticket seller was shout ing: "Come back! Stop that man!" and growing very red in the face, all no avail. The suburban man kept the extra $3 for several days and then brought It back, taking the occasion to give the surly ticket man a lecture which probably he never forgot. Bos ton Transcript. Paper Made from Leather. A novel use of leather is in the manu facture of fibroleum, a new paper prod uct, which Is the invention of G. Brig alant, of Barentin, in France. This is a sort of leather paper on board, which is made from waste cuttings of skins into small bits, and then Immersing them in a large vat containing an alkaline solu tion, which dissolves the glutinous matter, but leaves the fibers unaltered. The resultant fiber is then beaten and afterward pressed through a refiner. The stuff is run onto the wire and a very thin paper is made, which is cut into sheets, and while wet is placed in piles and subjected to pressure to squeeze the water out. Ireland Cultivating More Land. While land is passing out of cultiva tion in England, Ireland has -the good fortune to yield a contrary record. Ae cording to the figures for 1900, just Issued by W. P. Coyne, the superintend ent of the statistical branch of the De partment of Agriculture in Ireland, the total area under crops shows this year an Increase of 31,000 acres. Foul Seeds. It . would be Impossible to compute the loss by the use of poor and foul seeds each year. We can test seed and find out what percentage of it does not germinate, and thus estimate a possible increase in the amount necessary to use for a field, or the decrease of crop if we fail to make that allowance. But as the cost of caring for and harvesting the product of an acre is nearly the same whether the crop Is large or small, the cost of growing a bushel or a ton increases as the yield diminishes. But even this could be more easily borne than the cost of caring for the crop, as it Is increased and Its value dimin ished by an admixture of foul weeds in the seed we have bought. We could easily afford to pay much higher prices for seeds if we could have a guarantee of their purity. The Agricultural De partment has done some good work in examining both home-grown and im ported seeds, and while they have found most of the varieties of seeds which we export to be reasonably free from foul seed, and thus have helped to find greater sale for them abroad, they have also found that some varie ties which we import are badly mixed with the seed of undesirable weeds, particularly from certain sections, where they must be either dishonest or criminally careless. Whichever It may be, these inspections may help to re duce the evil, but it will be only when there shall be capable Inspectors -authorized to thoroughly examine and brand packages of seed, and provide for the adequate punishment of those who sell seed for what It Is not, that farmers will have the protection which they have a right to demand. Ameri can Cultivator. Root Houses and Fruit. Root and fruit houses may be made at a very little cost as useful and quite as effective and satisfactory in every way as the most costly ones. Those here shown may be made at no greater expense than the cost of the hinges, and the boards, a few pounds of spikes, and some tenpenny nails. The house is dug out of the bank, which of course should be dry, and the door of the house should face the south. The walls may be built up-of logs or stone as may be convenient. The roof Is made of poles doubled and covered with leaves or straw, and then with doubled boards, which are covered with the earth thrown out of the excavation. This earth Is best sodded. The door way is then made in the front of the building and if desired a loading door may be made on one side of the top to take In the fruit or roots. A double frame is made In the doorway and two tight doors are set in, with a space of two or three feet between them. If desirable this space may be filled in when the house is closed for the win ter with sheaves of straw or hay or bundles of cornstalks. To Tell Oleomargarine. That a great deal of oleomargarine and butterine, colored contrary to law, is sold for the genuine article is a well known fact. One of the surest tests is to subject the sample to intense heat. If the melted sample bubbles and sput ters, It is butter; if It lies perfectly in animate, it Is oleomargarine. The art of coloring and flavoring cotton-seed oil and lard in imitation of fine creamery butter has become so perfect that unless subjected to some such test the difference is not apparent There are a number of methods used by chem ists, and hi cases where even the above-mentioned test is found inade quate the chemist can tell by using an apparatus. A St. Louis wholesale dealer in butter says: "Not every one can tell the difference between butter and the imitation, even after trying the heat test. My advice to those who want real butter is to stick to the grocers who handle only hutter. Many tricks are used In order to sell the colored oleo. An unscrupulous grocer will tell you he has some extra fine "Elgin" or "dairy," but he will not say butter. It is Elgin oleomargarine or dairy oleo margarine. The law gives the con sumer some protection, for In the Uni ted States courts it goes hard with the man who fails to stamp each package of oleo with the word." Lime to Prevent Disease. The best preventive of gapes Is to plow or spade the ground Intended for young chicks as soon as the frost is gone, and then scatter air-slacked lime liberally over the surface. Is the opin ion of a poultry writer in the Farm, Field and Fireside. Gapes general ly come from the soil, and as lime de- j BOOT OR FRUIT HOUSES. stroys any eggs or otner sources of gapeworms, the chicks will escape. Salt may also be added in small quantities. Lime is cheap, and it is better to use it on the ground than to work trying to save the chicks and lose a large num ber. The ground should be limed as early as possible. Lime is also a pre ventive of roup. To get rid of filth is to avoid disease in the flocks, for when disease appears the germs are re tained in the ground. For that reason every location occupied by poultry should be occasionally spaded or plowed. When performing such work, first scatter air-slaked lime over the surface, and turn under the top soil, following by another application of lime on the surface. The lime causes a chemical action in, the soil which quickly destroys the filth by changing its composition. Clipping Clover Fields. A writer in Ohio Farmer advocate! the clipping of clover the first year after the wheat is off, and even twice If necessary to prevent it from blossom ing, as that weakens the next year's growth. This year he clipped on Aug. 1 and expects to clip again In Septem ber. He has done so for several years until year before last, and he said he would nevfer omit it again. The hay last year where it was not clipped was very dirty, full of stubble and trash, while where too large a growth was made before winter, It lodged and smothered out the crop. He cuts high, removing the swath board, and like to cut just after a rain, leaving all tha growth on the ground as a mulch, which protects the roots in winter and keeps the ground more moist in sum mer. It might be pastured off and get some growth for cattle or sheep, but they will not feed on the ranker grow ing places, and feed the other too close ly, thus making them liable to be win ter killed. He does not think this pays, and would prefer to grow green crops to help out the pasturage than to use the newly seeded fields. He wants to leave clover about six Inches high when, winter comes. Lice on Chickens. We use once a week a little kerosene and lard mixed, and rubbed on the breast and under the wings of the mother hen, and a good sprinkling of the kerosene over the litter in the night quarters. This is all done after the chickens go to roost. The fumes of the kerosene will finish all the lice on the bodies of the chicks, and the lard, which they will rub from the mother on to their heads, will do for those on the heads. There Is no danger of suffo cating the chicks, as in the summer time they will Invariably roost with their beads out from under the hen's wings. Adopting this method we are never troubled with lice on our chicks, and though I have raised poultry for twenty-five years I have never seen a mite. My neighbors have all been troubled with them, and the only rea son that I have not is because the quar ters for the hens are kept very clean, by the use of plenty of kerosene; and I never overcrowd my chickens. The late hatched chicken is surely worthy of your careful consideration. You will find that there is a nice little sum of money to be made in thisway. Geneva March in Epitomist Weedy Mi'k. There are weedy pastures In the land, and there are pastures free from weeds, says the Creamery JournaL It is plain that the more milk from clean pastures and the less from weedy iiastures we have in the creamery the better the chance to get a good flavor. The creamery manager, in order to man age, must know the farm conditions of each and every patron, and the weedy milk must be separated so as to run as little milk as possible into the cream. As it is not practicable to keep all the milk from clean pastures sepa rate from that coming from weedy pas tures at the weigh can at least it may not be practicable the proper caper is to separate all the cream, thick and rich, running the minimum of milk into the cream, then take same cans of milk from patrons with pastures free from weeds, patrons who are neat and tidy, who keep the milk pure and un co n tarn ina ted, and dump this milk straight into the cream vat in sufficient quantity to insure the right percentage of fat in the cream and cause it to ripen in time. Creamery Journal. Poultry on the Farm. The farmer is the backbone of the poultry industry, if we except the cus tomer. We mean that the farm remains the chief source of supply of market poultry. We say "remains" advisedly, because the greater opportunities which the farmer has at his door are gradually being stolen from .under his nose by the large poultry farms which are springing up and have for yeara been springing up all over the country poultry farms wrich are established to supply market poultry and eggs of a superior class. How long the farm will remain the source of supply depends to a great extenfupon the farmer, and he has not yet settled in his mind that poultry-breeding pays. There are a few farmers here and there who know it, but they keep the knowledge to them selves as a rule. Poultry Keeper. Leicester Ram Royal Maidstone. Two-Star, bred by, and the property of, George Harrison, Galnford Darling ton, England. First and breed cham pion at the Royal Agricultural Society's Sow this year, and first at several lead ing English shows last year.