KEEPS LONELY VIGIL.
LIGHTHOUSE MAN HAS WORRY
Works Amid Deep Solitude and Mast
Endure All Sorts of Weather Place
an Appointive One and Free from
Wiles of Politicians.
The keeper of a marine lighthouse
has not a job, but an office. He is a
Presidential appointee and holds a
commission which when read out
sounds as important as that of the col
lector of customs or the postmaster.
He holds an office of large trust and
high responsibility. He is to keep his
lamp trimmed and burning from the
dusk of evening till the next daylight.
His post is advanced to the edge of the
deep and often raging waters it Is a
lonely situation and through nights of
all weathers he must stay and be vigi
lant at his post Should he fall once in
the performance of duty what disaster
to vessels and crews might not come!
The navigator knows and testifies to
his worth in the position where he has
been placed by the government, but it
is certain that he is not much regarded
by the general public.
LONELY WATCH OF
The first lighthouse In the Chicago
harbor, says the Chronicle, if it could be
so denominated, when the smallest ves
sels made their way with peril into the
shallow mouth of the unimproved river,
was erected in 1831. Beckoning from
that date, which, in fact, was six years
earlier than the city's birth as a cor
poration, the vast commece now car
ried on here had Its beginning only
sixty-nine years ago. There is nothing
like this commercial wonder in the
world now, nor ever was. All this since
an immense number of men still living
and not yet accounted old were born!
When it first was in agitation to erect
a lighthouse here of the old pattern,
with a stationary light of no great
power, there was a man in France deep
in studies and busy with experiments
to produce a marine light on a new pna
ciple that should take the place of eve.y
other the world round. Fresnel was
that man. Indeed, he began with his
experiments ten years earlier. Over
In France was Fresnel at work on a
marine light that was destined to send
its apprising flashes from six several
towers in the Chicago harbor over the
waters to the horizon. The Frenchman
lived to perfect his light; he, was ap
pointed secretary to the lighthouse
board of France in 1825 and while he
was in that position he replaced reflect
ors with lenses and invented the revolv
ing light. Then he added prismatic
rings. The result was the system that
still goes by his name and has long
since changed the mode of lighthouse
Illumination throughout the world. It
Is now used exclusively by the United
Chicago people are accustomed to see
ing the Fresnel light in the several
lighthouses in the harbor, but probably
few have ever inquired into the mech
anism of the apparatus by which the
flashes are produced. Take the one on
the north pier as typical. Within It is
an arrangement of lenses, supplement
ed by prisms, which revolve around a
sperm oil-burning lamp. When one of
This map shows the formation of the
land which scientists now affirm connect
ed Australia, Africa and America, mak
ing of the three one great antarctic con
tinent. For proof of this the fact is
pointed out that the ancient sea beaches
of Patagonia, which are now far inland,
have imbedded in them fossil shells
V ( MEW
J f S ZEALMID
which are exactly like those found in parts of Anstralia. It is probably more than 1,000,000 years ago that the continu
ous coastline of both continents became divided.
The fauna uf the three countries are beyond doubt descendants from the same ancestors, for it Is absurd to assume
that there could at one time have been a land bridge across the great expanses of ocean; or that there can ever have
been migration by means of drifting wood.
The ostrich is cited as another proof. It is found both in Australia and Africa, but is, nevertheless, a non-flying bird.
Bat it is more particularly among extinct animals, whose remains are from time to time unearthed, that investigators
have bven able to establish their theory beyond doubt.
Now, the discovery of an antarctic continent is looked forward to with more Importance by scientists than the dis
covery of the north pole.
he lenses comes opposite the observer
the eye receives a bright flash preceded
and followed by a brief eclipse. There
are six orders of lenses, arranged ac
cording to size. The first three and
largest are used in seacoast lights, and
the last three in harbor and river lights.
The lamp differs from other lamps in
the provision of wicks. Carcel invented
a lamp which is named for him, in
which oil is fed to the wick by means
of a pump, operated by clockwork,
sometimes used in lighthouses and as a
domestic lamp. Fresnel adopted the
Carcel lamp, but improved it so that it
pumps up to the burner four times as
much oil as is consumed, which, by
keeping the burn: rs coal, prevents them
from melting and also the wicks from
burning up. Sometimes a wick will
burn a whole night without requiring
snuffing. This, notwithstanding the fact
that the intensity of the Fresnel light
is about equal to that of about twenty
five ordinary Carcel burners. The above
description applies to the first order of
lenses, which are used in the great
lights on the seacoast. For the second
order of lenses, such as used in the
lights in the Chicago harbor, a lamp
with three concentric wicks was adopt
ed. The annual consumption of oil by
the lenses of the first order is 694 gal-,
ions and of the second order 461 gal
Ions. The lenses cost but little more
than the old reflectors and the saving
of oil is great. The ratio of effect of
the lens light is to that of the reflector
light as 4 to 1 that is, one gallon of oil
burned in a lens throws as much light
to the horizon as four gallons burned
In a reflector light.
During the last twenty-five years
there has been a great increase in ma
rine lighting in the ninth lighthouse
district, which Includes Minnesota,
Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin and Illi
nois. The number of lighthouses in
this district is 127, and every light is a
Fresnel. A new lighthouse built at
Manitou Island is fine, costing the gov
ernment a good sum of money. Beside
it is the fog signal contrivance and a
little distance off Is the oil tank inclosed
neatly. The house in which the light
house keeper dwells is supplied with
the modern conveniences and is hand
some enough to be called a villa. A
large quantity of stores is required to
be kept constantly in the district, and
these are substantially housed in a government-
building in St. Joseph, Mich.
The official headquarters of the ninth
district is in Chicago. It is in charge of
Commander F. M. Symonds, United
States navy. Commander Symonds
says that the Chicago lighthouses are
reckoned among the best on the lanes.
HOT RACE WITH A GRIZZLY.
Lively Experience of a Colorado Post
master with a Bear.
W. H. Person, local manager of a
typewriter company, received a letter
this morning from Tom Hamilton, post
master at Hamilton, Boutt County, de
scribing a thrilling race with a bear
which he enjoyed this week.
The bear was a big grizzly. The griz
zly when he sees a human form is
bound to do one of two things. He will
either run at or away from the
stranger, and if he does the former it is
generally a case of doughnuts to pret
zels that it is all off with the stranger.
In this case the bear that runs at a
ALL ONE CONTINENT.
man yearned for a closer acquaintance
with the postmaster and would prob.
ably have Interfered seriously with the
future delivery of the United States
mail but for the fact that Hamilton is
something of a rough rider and had a
horse under him.
Postmaster Hamilton had for the
time being left the affairs of state in
the hands of a subordinate while he
went out to round up some straying
cattle. He went about three miles from
home and was standing beside his horse
wondering which way to turn next
when there was a stir in some brush
ahead of him. It looked too small a
disturbance for a cow, but he thought
it might be a calf and went forward
to investigate. He was within a few
feet of the brush when a big grizzly
stood on Its hind legs and threw him a
Hamilton didn't stop to catch the
kiss, but made a bolt for his horse. The
steed had seen Mr. Bear and started
away almost as eagerly as did his mas
ter, and it was nip and tuck for the
saddle between bruin and the postmas
ter. After a run of 100 yards Hamil
ton caught the pommel of the saddle
and threw himself aboard just as the'
bear made a bound for him. A pair of
spurs went into the horse's hide and the
animal leaped forward with a bound
which made the bear feel that his meal
of man was apt to escape. But he
doubled himself up into a ball of fury
and started red-hot after his intended
victim. The chase kept up until the,
door of the postmaster's cabin was;
reached, when bruin turned about and;
made for the woods. He was allowed,1
to escape. Denver Times.
MUSSELS ARE GOOD FOOD.
Their I'se in the United States Has
Been Very Mnch Aeglected.
"There is one shellfish, the mussel,
the use of which as an article of food
seems to be totally neglected In the
United States," observed an English
man of several years' residence in this
country to a Star reporter recently. "In
fact it-is so seldom, employed that It
may be said to be practically unknown
on this side of the Atlantic. It is rare
ly seen in your markets, and near the
salt water bays and estuaries in which
it is taken it is used, I am told, as a
manure for certain crops. This lack
of recognition of mussels as an epicu
xian delicacy probably arises from the
popular superstition among Americans
that this shellfish possesses poisonous
qualities. Such an impression is, how
ever, rather absurd, for in England
they are largely consumed by the poor
and middle class people, and if they
contained any injurious properties their
use would be promptly prohibited.
"It Is well known that some persons
are unable to eat of particular sorts of
shell fish to some oysters, clams or lob
sters are more or less poisonous, but
mussels are only 'noxious' to the great
er number for the reason that tbey de
teriorate more rapidly when removed
from the water than any other species.
There are mussel beds within a radius
of ten miles of New York and other east
ern cities of sufficient capacity to sup
ply millions of people with a clean and
nutritious article of food; one that
would lessen to a large degree the ex
haustive demands made upon the clam,
oyster and lobster fisheries.
"To prepare mussels for the table
they should be selected of medium size
and care should be observed to wash
them carefully and place them in a ves
sel of salted water for several hours, so
that they may clean themselves; that
is, discharge the dirt aud grit found
within their shells. When this pro
cess is completed the bivalves should be
placed in water and boiled or steaming
Is better in the vapor generated by their
own juice. When they are done they
may be easily taken out of their shells
and are ready to be used in one of the
many forms of which they are suscep
tible." Washington Star.
The Resources of Siberia.
Under government encouragement it
is said that Siberia is gaining 200,000
farmers per year. Among its exports
are cereals, butter, wool, leather and
dried and preserved meats. Already
this remote country, which the popular
imagination is apt to picture as a vast
waste, the abode of frost and snow, and
misery, is becoming talked of as a pos
sible competitor with the well-known
cereal-producing countries of the world.
A member of the French oureau or ror
eign commerce estimates that, on the
basis of the present population of Rus
sia in Europe, Siberia can sustain 80,
000,000 inhabitants, although it now
has not one-tenth of that number. It
produces one-tenth of the world's yield
of gold, but owing to climatic obstacles
many of its mines are not worked, and
its immense coal deposits have hardly
Feathers Blown Off Chickens.
A device for plucking feathers from
chickens has been patented in Great
Britain. Cross currents of air set In
motion by revolving electrical fans
completely strip a bird of every feather
and particle of down.
Whenever a girl takes It into her
head to wave a broom at the head of a
mob. she Is called a Joan of Arc.
KMIf .South WBf
JBjF ATLANTIC !
g j i
GENESIS OF WORDS.
MANY COMMON ONES HAD PECU
How Some Popntar Phrases Came Into .
the English Language Many Came
From the Uuntins Field-Origin of
the Term Bankrupt.
Words, like men, have histories, while
others embody history. To the latter
class belongs the word "rigmarole."
Everybody understands it as signifying
a confused and meaningless jumble,
but few recall the fact that it comes
from ragman's roll. Now, the ragman's
roll was a crown document of no small
importance. It is a real roll of ancient
parchment and records categorically
the instruments and deeds by which
Scotland's nobility and gentry gave "in
their adhesion and swore allegiance to
Edward L of England toward the close
of the thirteenth century. Naturally,
it is a somewhat confused document,
but possibly not quite so much con
fused as confusing to the good people of
Its own era.
It'must have been upsetting in those
days to discover that the lords and gen
tlemen thought to be stanchest for the
old order had gone over to the invading
king.- Yet thertis something to be said
for the lords and gentlemen they loved
not Scotland's independence less, but
their heads and their estates rather
Most of us are fond of venison that
Is to say, deer's flesh. Formerly, how
ever, that word had a wider meaning,
being used for any flesh hunted that
is, meat of venery. Venery is the old
word for hunting thus foxes and
wolves and badgers furnish "venison"
no less than the lordly stag.
Cur, the synonym for a worthless dog,
has somewhat the same derivation. In
feudal England the dogs of the villein
age, no doubt mostly starving mon
grels, were by law required to be cur
tailedthat is, have their tails cut
short, so that they might be readily dis
tinguished from the stag and boar
hounds of the lords and gentlemen. The
stag hounds ran true upon the scent,
the mongrels would confuse and draw
them off from it. Sometimes the villein-dogs
had likewise to suffer "hom
bling" that is, cutting away the two
middle toes from each foot, so they
could not run with the hounds. A cur-tail-dog,
or curtle-dog, in time became
simply a cur. His owners, the villeins,
who lived in clustered hovels outside
the castle walls, In like manner gave
rise to the word village.
Another wonderfully expressive
phrase "to run riot" also comes from
the hunting field. Foxhounds run riot
when they leave the drag of the fox
and go racing and chasing off upon the
seent of hares and rabbits, whose com
pany the fox seeks when he finds him
self pursued. Indeed, in fox-hunting
parlance, hare scent is known as "riot."
The familiar phrase "on the pad," as
signifying going hither and yon, also
.throws back to Reynard the fox. His
feet are known technically as pads
when he gets up and begins to move
about sportsmen say he is "on the pad."
Strange as it may seem, the word
"tallyho!" in a manner connects the
hunting field with the coach. Tallis
hors, pronounced tallyho Norman
French for "out of the thicket" was
the proper cry when the fox broke cov
er. The huntsman and the master of
the foxhounds answered the cry with
long blasts of the horn. Then when
public coaches began to run their horns
blew the tallyho blasts; further, as lux
ury progressed, finer coaches often took
to the meet, and the throwing off, fine
people who did not intend to follow the
hounds, but to see them spectacularly.
Between use and luxury the coach with
jeats on top crystallized as the tallyho.
The tallyho it is likely to remain, unless
all the .world should go automobile mad.
Though the bankrupt Is so common
among us nowadays, few know whence
he derived his unenviable cognomen.
It is among the most interesting of
words with histories. Lombards, money-changers
of Venice, sat on benches
round about the plaza of St. Mark's.
Banco is Italian for bench.' When one
of the money-changers defaulted the
others fell to and broke his bench in
little pieces. Afterward he was known
as "banco-riipto" that is, the man of
the broken bench. Hence comes our
These are only a few examples, but
they serve to show how interesting is
the study of word histories.
DON'T LIKE WOMEN.
ome Landladies Who Discriminate
Aicatnst Their Own Sex.
"I have always felt that it was.sorne
thing Of an inconvenience to be a wom
an, but I never regarded it as a cause
for positive regret and mortification
until a couple of weeks ago," said a
young woman recently.
"It was while I was attempting, in
the words of the song, to find 'a place
to eat and a piace to sleep' that I was
made to feel my Inferiority to the other
sex. The advertisements were the first
shocks to my nervous system. With one
accord all those who had apartments
to let announced that they took gentle
"This qualification was so general
that finally one day I ventured to in
vade a house so posted and asked to see
the rooms. The woman of the house
regarded me scornfully.
" 'We don't take ladies here,' she said.
" 'Why not?' I asked, argumentative
ly; 'I'm a very busy person. I work dur
ing the day and I disturb no one. I
can give you unexceptional references.
I don't whistle in my room, or throw
my clothes in the corners, or smoke; nor
am I likely to come in intoxicated at all
hours. I really can't see why I shouldn't
be as desirable as a lodger as a man.'
"All this I said to induce her to di
vulge the reason for this prejudice
" 'We don't take ladies,' she respond
ed, doggedly. 'They quarrel about the
sheets and pillow cases, and find fault
with the towels and the way the room
is swept. There's a boarding-hoUse
next door; perhaps they'll take you
"Shades of my grandmother! Perhaps
they would take me! As though I were
an outcast, whose faults might be for
given if I promised to be good!
"But they wouldn't take me next
door, after all, though I added a few
other virtues to the list I had reeled ot
before and showed letters from my for
" 'There's the third floor front you
could have. If you were only a man,'
said this landlady, reflectively. 'We
don't care to take ladies; they make
trouble in the house. We don't seem
to be able to make them comfortable,
and one urges the other on to com
plain.' "The next morning, when I. started
out to renew my search, I was forti
fied with certificates of baptism and
confirmation and a letter from the rec
tor, of the church I attended. These
finally admitted me to the domicile of a
weary-looking person, who acknowl
edged, desperately, that she took hei
own sex to board. Then, such is the
contrariness of human nature, I In
stantly took a loathing to the place and
decided it must be very second-rate, in
deed. I took rooms there, however.
"Now the question arises, are women
so intensely disagreeable In other peo
ple's houses as all this, and if so, why?
If the dust lies undisturbed for weeks
in the corners of a room, the feminine
lodger will naturally call attention to
it. But need she do so in an imperious
"At all events. I'm sorry I'm a wom
an, since I must board, for it seems that
the most objectionable of the lords of
creation is preferred before any wom
an, however amiable she may be, in
lodging houses." Baltimore News.
A Scottish peasant, boasting of his
relationship to the Duke of Argyll, ex
plained the connection in this way:
"The Duke's piper's sister's wee laddie
has a wee doggie that's ain brither to
my aunt's wee laddie's doggie."
The night clerk of a leading hotel of
Washington, D. C, says that last win
ter a Southern Congressman came to
him and demanded that his room be
changed. When asked what displeased
him, he replied, angrily: "Well, that
German musician in the next room and
I don't get along well. Last night he
tooted away on his clarionet so that 1
thought I never would go to sleep.
After I had caught a few winks I was
awakened by a pounding at my door.
'What's the matter?' I asked. 'If you
please,' said the German, 'dot you vould
schnore of der same key. You vas go
from B-flat to G, and it spoils der
The following excerpt from Margaret
Macauley's little volume on her broth
er, which was printed in 1864 for pri
vate circulation, shows Macaulay's cat
like ability always to fall on his feet:
"One day Tom said jokingly that there
are some things which always inclined
him to believe In the predominance of
evil in the world. Such, he said, as
bread always falling on the buttered
side, and the thing you want always
being the last you come to. 'Now, 1
will take up volume after volume of
this Shakspeare to look for "Hamlet."
You will see hat I shall come to It the
last of all.' The first volume be took
up opened on. 'Hamlet.' Every one
laughed. 'What can be a stronger proof
of what I said?' cried he; 'for the first
time iu my life I wished that what I
was looking for would come Up last,
and for the first time in my life it has
come up first.' "
A newly engaged clerk in the employ
of the Standard Oil Company was sent
to work in a small room that contained
a health-lift. Every morning at about
10 o'clock, when this clerk was partic
ularly busy with figures, a-small, black
mustached man, quiet and diffident in
manner, entered, said "Good-morning,"
walked on tiptoe to the corner, and ex
ercised for a quarter of an hour. It
became a bore to the clerk, who at last,
one day, remarked with considerable
heat to the stranger: "How do you ex
pect me to do my work properly while
you are fooling with that blasted ma
chine? I'm getting tired of it. Why
don't you put it where it won't worry a
person to death?" "I am very sorry it
annoys you," said the stranger, flush
ing; "I will have it removed at once."
A porter took it away within an hour.
A few days later the clerk was sent for
by Mr. Flagler, whom he found in earn
est conversation with the small, black
mustaehed man. The latter smiled at
seeing him, gave Flagler some instruc
tions, and left the room. "Will you tell
me who that gentleman is?" the young
man asked, a light beginning to break
upon him. "That was Mr. Bockefel
ler," was the reply. It was the clerk's
first acquaintance with the head of the
great corporation by which he was em
ployed; An interesting story is told apropos
of a reporter's zeal to obtain news from
the Chinese legation in Washington, D.
C, regarding affairs In Pekin. He was
an enterprising young fellow sent by
his editor to take the place of the regu
lar Washington correspondent who
was away on his vacation, and he had
spent the whole morning in the vicinity
of the legation endeavoring to pick up
something, not knowing that the most
direct way would have been to see
Minister Wu himself, who is invariably
kind about granting interviews. He
was about to abandon his project when
an intelligent-looking and well-dressed
Chinaman came down the steps of the
legation and responded so pleasantly to
his greetings that he bombarded him
with a whole list of questions, to which
the polite Celestial repeatedly an
swered: "Dun know, dun know." Fi
nally, quite desperate at his Inability
to make something out of what he
looked upon as a rare chance, a walk
with one of the legation's secretaries,
he asked, appealingly: "Well, surely
you know something of the dowager
empress; what do yon think of her?"
"Me no thinkee," responded the China
man; "me washee," and with this part
ing announcement he disappeared into
a laundry near by, of which he turned
out to be the proprietor.
Dead Ancestors in China. .
Dead ancestors are said to occupy too
much of the arable land in China Fam
ines would be less frequent if the coun
try was not one vast cemetery-
RECOGNIZED THE WVLD MAN.
Georgia Spectator Find Him to Be His
During the Macon (Ga.) street fair
one of the attractions was a wild man,
who ate raw meat and was bound in
The wild man has been at his business
so long that he understands It quite
thoroughly, and now he thinks he ought
to have better wages. To the public he
never says a word, but he talked some
good plain English to his employers the
other day. He Intimated that he would
form a wild man's union if necessary
to get higher wages. His employers
undertook to tell him who he was and
to remind him that he was In their pow
er, but he swore in all the oaths pe
culiar to the wild man's vernacular, de
claring that he would quit being wild
and become civilized lief ore he would
continue to eat raw meat and wallow
around at the end of steel chains in a
hot pit for $1.50 a day. It was finally,
agreed that he could have $2 a day, and1
he went back down into the pit aud is
now wilder than ever.
This particular wild man has a broth
er who has for some time been wander
ing about In civilization, and a roman
tic meeting occurred between the two.
They didn't fall on each other's neck
and weep. The civilized brother paid
his dime to see the wild man, not
dreaming that lie was to see his own
long-lost brother. After gazing into the
pit for a few minutes, his eyes resting
on the raw meat and huge steel chains
rather than on the creature so securely
bound, he looked at the well-advertised
wild man. He started as if about to
scream. Then he caught the wild man's
eyes, and they recognized each other.
They both broke out in a big ha! ha! the
wild man laughing just like his civil
The management did not allow the
two to get together, but hurriedly eject
ed the civilized brother. As the wild
man had just received a raise of 50
cents a day, he was satisfied to let his
brother continue to wander in the
walks of civilization.
The new book by Henry James, "The
Soft Side," is not a novel, as has been
reported, but a collection of the au
thor's typically longer short stories.
Gilbert Parker has lately completed
the first novel he has written in more
than two years. It is called "The
Lane That Has No Turning" and, like
so much of his work, it deals with life
Robert Barrett Browning, It Is re
ported, is engaged in carrying' out a
long-cherished ambition of his father's
that ofV restoring to Asolo the silk
mills that Browning made memorable
In "Pippa Passes."
Mrs. Wharton's new novel, upon
which she is now at work, will bear
the title of "The Valley of Decision."
It will portray the general spectacu
lar pageantry of life in northern Italy
in the eighteenth century.
Literary Paris is much agitated by
the problem of deciding whether the
copy of "L Ami du Peuple," stained with
the blood of Marat, now exhibited in
the exhibition, is really genuine. A
Parisian paper discussed the question
a short time ago aud has elicited the
statement that there are in existence
at least eight "genuine" copies-similarly
stained, to say nothing of one or
The announcement that Joel Chand
ler Harris has retired from newspaper
work in order to devote his whole time
to story-making gives a special inter
est to his new book. "On the Wing
of Occasions." The stories (one a nov
elette of 30,000 words on "The Kid
napping of President Lincoln") all deal
with "unwritten history" of civil war
times, without any actual fighting, but
introducing many details of the elab
orate secret service. The volume is
perhaps chiefly notable in adding an
other irresistible character to those Im
perishable figures like Uncle Remus
and Aunt Minervy Ann, which Mr.
Harris has already given us. Billy
Sanders, the old Georgia countryman
who goes to kidnap the President, has
a supply of funny stories which rivals
Lincoln's own and his shrewd, homely
humor is most characteristic.
Queer Kinds of Bread.
The Mexicans make bread of the eggs
of three kinds of insects. For this pur
pose the natives cultivate In the Iagune
of Chalco a sort of carex, on which the
insects readily deposit their eggs. The
eggs, after being separated from the
bundles of floating carex, are then
cleaned and sifted, put into sacks like
flour, and sold to the people for making
a kind of cake or bread, called "hautle,"
which forma a tolerably good food, but
has a fishy taste, and is slightly acid.
Bread has been made from wood and
sawdust. In Kamchatka pine or birch
bark, well macerated, pounded, and
baked, frequently constitutes the na
tive bread. The Icelander scrapes the
Iceland moss off the rocks and grinds
it Into fine flour, which servee both for
bread and puddings. In Africa pow
dered dry locusts are mixed with flour
for bread, and during the Indian famine
small stones are said to have been
ground and mixed with meal for bread.
On the western shores of England a cer
tain kind of seaweed (phorphyra laeln
liata) Is gathered, washed, boiled and
'then baked with oatmeal flour for
Clock of Three Graces.
Count Isaac de Camondo Is the owner
of a white marble clock, which is said
to be worth $50,000. It is called the
clock of the "Three Graces." The graces
are connected by festoons of flowers,
surrounding a broken fluted pillar,
which serves as the base of a two-handled
vase decorated with festoons of
joak leaves. This vase contains the
;works of the clock, to the dial of which
one of the nymphs is pointing with her
finger. The count will bequeath the
clock to the Louvre. Kansas City Jour
THE COLD WEATHER TONIC.
Demand for Winter Good
Bradstreet's says: The tonic effect of
seasonably cold weather is again testi
fied to by reports from practically all
markets, of a brisk demand for winter
clothing and wool wear. This in turn
is reflected in increased re-orders from
Western, Northwestern and Southern
jobbeis, and a perceptible improvement
in tone of wholesale trade at the East,
which hopes to participate later in the
results of the existing good consump
The renewed advance in cotton, an
other result of cold weather, has proved
a stimulus to southern trade, and also
made cotton goods agents and maufac
turers rather indiflerent to new busi
uesHs offered at old rates. What
looked like au improvement in wool
demand and prices seems to have re
ceived a temporary setback from the
failure of a large com million House
with woolen mill connections.
The strength of prices is still more
manifest in iron and steel, demand for
which continues large, both for crude
and finished materials. The action of
the billet pool in advancing prices is
claimed to have checked demand.
In finished material the activity is
most marked, and mills are generally
; well supplied with orders and indiffer
ent to future business at present rates.
The awarding of the government con
tract for armor plate at $425 per ton
i will swell the output of the steel indns-
try by $15,000,000.
Wheat, including flour shipments for
; the week aggregate 4,062,000 bushels,
against 3,555,507 bushels last week.
Failures for the week in the United
States number 227, against 161 last
Canadian failures number 87t
i against 17 last week.
PACIFIC COAST TRADE.
Onions, new, lJic.
Lettuce, hot house, $1 per crate.
Potatoes, new. $16.
Beets, per sack, 85c$l.
Turnips, per sack, $1.00.
Beans, wax, 4c.
Squash 1 Jc.
Carrots, per sack, 90c
Parsnips, per sack, $1.25.
Cauliflower, native, 75c.
Cucumbers 40 50c.
Cabbage, native and California
lc per pounds.
Tomatoes 30 50c.
Butter Creamery, 29c; dairy, 18
22e; ranch, 16c pound.
Poultry 12c; dressed, 14c; spring,
13 15c turkey, 18c.
Hay Puget Sound timothy, $14.00;
choice Eastern Washington timothy,
Corn Whole, $23.00; cracked, $25;
feed meal, $25.
Barley Rolled or ground, per ton,
Flour Patent, per barrel, $8.50;
blended straights, $3.26; California,
$3.25; buckwheat flour, $6.00; gra
ham, per barrel, $3.00; whole wheat
flour, $3.25; rye flour, $3.804.00.
Millstuffs Bran, per ton, $13.00;
short-, per ton, $14.00.
Fead Chopped feed, $1L00 per ton;
middlings, per ton, $20; oil cake meal,
per ton, $30.00.
Fresh Meats Choice dressed beef
steers, price 7c; cows, 7c; mutton
76; pork, 8c; trimmed, 9c; veal, 9
Hams Large, 13c; small, 13M;
breakfast bacon, 12c; dry salt sides,
Wheat Walla Walla. 5454c;
Valley, nominal; Bluestem, 57c per
Flour Best grades, $3.40; graham,
Oats Choice white, 42c; choice
gray, 41c per bus'; el.
Barley Feed barley, $15.50 brew
ing, $16.50 fax ton.
Millstuffs Bran, $15.50 ton; mid
dlings, $21; shorts, $17; chop, $16 per
Hay Timothy,$12 12.50; clover,$7
g 9.50; Oregon wild hay, $6 7 per ton.
Butter Fancy creamery, 45 50c;
Eggs 32c per dozen.
Cheese Oregon full cream, 12ac;
Young America, 13c; new cheese lOo
Poultry Chickens, mixed, $2.50
3.50 per dozen; hens, $4.00; springs,
$2.008.50; geese, $6.007.00 doz;
ducks, $3.00 5.00 per dozen; turkeys,
live, lie per pound.
Potatoes 5065c per sack; sweets,
1 per pouna.
Vegetables Beets, $1; turnips, 75c;
per sack; garlic, 7c per pound; cab
bage, IJc per pound; parsnips, 85c;
onions, $1; carrots, 75c.
Hops New crop, 12 14c per
Wool Valley, 13 14c per pound;
Eastern Oregon, 9 12c; mohair, 25
Mutton- Gross, best sheep, wethers
and ewes, 3 3-ijc; dressed mutton, 6e
7c per pound.
Hogs Gross, choice heavy, $6.75;
light and feeders. $5.00; dressed,
$6.006.50 per 100 pounds.
Beef Gross, top steers, $3.504.00;
cows, $3.003.50; dressed beef, 6
7c per pound.
Veal Large, 6M7sc; small, 8
8JsC per pound.
Ban FranciBco Market.
Wool Spring Nevada, 11 13c per
pound; Eastern Oregon, 10 14c; Val
ley, 16 17c; Northern, 9 10c.
Hops Crop, 1900, 13 16c.
Butter Fancy creamery 22c;
do seconds, 21c; fancy dairy, 20
22c; do seconds, 19o per pound.
Eggs Store, 28c; fancy ranch,
Millstuffs Middlings, $16.50
19.00; bran, $13.0013.50.
Hay Wheat $913H; wheat and
oat $9.00 12.50; best barley $9.50
alfalfa, $7.00 8.50 per ton; straw,
3547c per bale.
Potatoes Oregon Bur banks, 70 90c ;
Salinas Burbanks, 90c$l. 15; river
Bur banks, 25 60c; new, 50 85c.
Citrus Fruit Oranges, Valencia,
$3.75 a. 25; Mexican limes, $4.00
6.00; California lemons 75c$1.50;
do choice $1.76 2.00 per box.
Tropical Fruits Bananas, $1.60
3.60 per bunch; pineapples, nom
inal; Persian dates, 66c pa
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