Newspaper Page Text
JUL SEMI-WEEKLY. 5?LLF :? . I fnnenlMatort Poh 4SQQ CORVALLIS, BENTON COUNTY, OREGON, TUESDAY, APRIL 9, 1901. uaihie Kstsb. uec. 1S6Z- ) vuuuwiiuiuuu ioih, iua. n a ri m V Oli. I. NO. SO. si INTERPRETATION. We long for a peace that is lasting. We plead for a rapture that's' rare, Like fishermen ceaselessly casting Their nets in the gulf of despair. We draw from deep waters of sorrow Dark wrecks of old failure and fear. And out of sea silence we borrow . The storm that will never come near. Faith speeds past the footsteps of Duty, And halts at the door of a tomb; Thought pierces the source of all beauty And returns unto dust 'tis the doom Of each man-child to strive and to won- dr; To plan for some positive gain; And only find mysteries under All life, be it pleasure or pain. Lo, in realms of the mini there is, treas ure For toilers who dwell in content; There is truth that no science can meas ure. And the fearless are never forspent; There is light when earth shadows are falling. There's reward for the deeds that are done Where envy crowned virtues are calling: "Through faith is thy victory won!" I A Regular Proposal. HT was a drizzling May morning, a left-over April day, and the hurry ing crowds at the Grand Central Station were redolent of wet rubber and woolen. One only In the crowd seemed indif ferent to the. weather a man who walked listlessly along the platform, back and forth, heedless whether the roof sheletered him or not. Now and then he glanced at his watch and then tapped Impatiently with his umbrella. Already he had smoked three cigars and tried in vain to sit In the waiting room reading. Nothing eased his impatience like this steady tramping. Once he encountered a familiar face and raised his hat with a hurried "How d'ye do?" "That's young Averill, old Tom Averlll's son," explained Tils acquaint ance fo a companion, and the two just on a -no :r, dsah. turned and looked after the young man as he continued: "Immensely rich, but an odd. stick." The impatient man was Tom Averill, Jr., and his behavior during' the ensu ing half hour was certainly odd. The Chicago train pulled in and Tom Aver ,111 stopped his walk and hurried down to thp train chod ir, moot if and aoori ni.ii.uiuj, iuc uaoocugeig Willi SI I j 11 1U1Y eye, running from car to car till it fell -On a party of three a young man, a middle-aged woman and a very pretty girl. His eyes brightened, his color rose and he bolted into the station, out at the front door and nearly anni hilated a small street urchin In his vio lent haste to reach a cab. . Giving cabby an address and step ping quickly in, he turned and threw a fresh-lighted cigar at the feet of the street urchin. The boy grasped the prize and remarked sententiously, . "Wheels!" The cab stopped before the door of some luxurious bachelor apartments and Tom Averill hurried to the eleva tor, rushing out at the second landing and quite startled his man, who was sponging an overcoat "Take that evil smell Into the bath room, will you, Martin?" he cried, and hustled his servant out, slamming the door behind him. "Well," he remarked smilingly to his shaving mirror, "the Uptons came, and to-morrow night I shall call on her brother. Now how shall I manage it?" he mused; "make a clean breast of what I am and all about me and wind . X . ....... i Dick first. I bUDDOse. and cet him' to -ask her downstairs and leave us alone. j.nen when we are alone, h'm guess I'll get up a regular proposal and see r.jiow it sounds:" ' He examined the doors, to make sure i. auvj wvic uuiu etuui auu locKea, sat " down and addressed an imaginary per son by his side. -"Dear Miss Upton (guess I won't say ' Marguerite), I want to tell you all about my life, if you care to listen. I . was born thirty-two years ago, and as nearly as I can guess no one was eimi to see me. My mother died, at my birth, and I am told that my father : -would not even see me till I was six months old. '. "Very little time or attention he gave ' me after that; -or so It appeared to me. I was left to the care of servants dur ing my babyhood, and hustled off to a boarding school as soon as 1 was old enough. At home the old housekeeper .called me the 'oddest child she ever la bored with,' and the maids all shunned -: me.' The only childhood friends I re member with any pleasure are the stable boy and a three-legged terrier uog. "From boarding school I went to col lege, wnere l stayed three years. My allowance was so scant that I would not have been able to cut much of a swell if I had wished to. I believe my sole ambition was to get through col lege so as to see what life had for me beyond. "Near the end of my junior year I re ceived a telegram saying my father was dying. I went home at once, but too late to find him alive. As I looked on his dead face I realized for the first time that I had utterly missed being a son. "Then I heard nfy father talked of, and knew that I was the son of a good man, and grieved to think that I had never really known him. The family resemblance between us came out strong and came to me as a new and startling thing, for with the lines smoothed out and with the youthful look death sometimes brings, the dead face was almost like my own. "The day after father's funeral I met his attorney and learned from him that I was a rich man, rich beyond any thing I ever dreamed of, and I blamed my father for keeping me so scant when he had so much money; but in looking over some of his papers I found some notes that were very precious to me. They were his rules of life, and among them was this: 'Keep the boy short of money. He Is safer. There will be time to learn of his wealth and how to use it during our trip abroad together. "Well, I went abroad soon after that and lived a wandering life for ten years. I had not learned how to use money and I wasted a good deal 'learn ing,' but there was so much it hardly mattered. "I lived fairly simply and studied some, but I was restless always. The only thing that kept me from going wrong was a natural distaste for boor ish pleasures. No woman attracted me, though 1 met many that are called . beautiful. I didn't gamble or drink he- cause I wasn't a 'good fellow' enough to nave invitations to carousals. I heard one fellow say that 'riiv nose went up too easy.' "Two years ago my lawyer called me home to decide some Important business and asked me to dinner at his home. It was that nlcrht that i fnnmi my lawyer was your father, and that you were, well, what you are, and that I liked to be as near rou as nossihle i don't trunk I really fell in love with you that night, but I was anxious to see you again soon. I decided to live in New York, and fitted up bachelor apartments and settled down. ' I had no idea tha,t 1 ever should tell you I loved you, bnt I wanted to be near at nana. So I cultivated Dick's acquaint ance. You needn't tell Dick I made use of him, because his friendship is one of ine Dest tnings in my life. 'But just at first, before I knew him much, I played on his love of fine pic tures to get him over here to "my rooms, and offered to help him with his photographic prints in order that I mignt oe up m nis dark room when you were sitting in the next room. We used to hear your voice there while we worked, and nearly always you came to see the prints, and help pin them up to dry. "I was very happy In those days, and if I could get Dick to tell me anything about you I did. He always thought you a frightful flirt, and always enjoy ed relating your escapades with the High School boys; but he always wound up by saying: 'But she don't care a rap for any one of them. Mar guerite will marry a steady old chap some day, and a dandy little wife she'll make him.' Then Dick would slap me on the back, and I would gef red in the face. Dick must have seen that I cared for you. "I suppose I should have let things slip along this way forever if you hadn't gone West, but when Dick told me you and he and your mother were going West for the winter I knew that 1 must act some time. I must have you for my own, so that people' couldn't carry you off whenever and wherever they pleased. I tried to ask you then, but I was always tongue-tied whenever Dick left us alone, as he often did those last few weeks. "I finally let you go with that one whisper at the station, 'Good-by, dear." You blushed, but you didn't take your hand away, and though your lips said good-by to all In the little group that came to see you off, your eyes said, good-by to mo alone. "So I have waited and hoped all these months,, and Dick has kept up my courage with his letters. : He has told me many stories of young ranch men who have fallen a victim to your charms, but always wound up the same way. 'She don't care a pin for any of them and will marry old steady, after all.' "So now I have come to claim you, dear (good place to take her hand), and ask you to be my wife. She ought to say something by this time, either yes or no, and then I sha'n't know what to do " And Tom fell into a haze of dream ing till -Martin timidly announced din ner. ' The next evening Tom dressed care fully, and walked slowly to the Up tons', He walked by the house once, but, coming back, he spied Dick at an upper window, and with a long-drawn breath and a tightening of the whole nervous system he ran up the steps and rang the bell. The man ushered him in and he ask ed for Miss Upton. He had not meant to ask for her, but was rehearsing his proposal, and that was the way It be gan. The man was gone, anyhow, and so it couldn't be helped. Dick would probably come down when he saw the card, even if he hadn't seen him from the window, so "It" would be delayed for an hour. -Perhaps he wouldn't ask her to-night It might be too soon; he would see how she received him. There was no hurry; she wouldn't be going West again soon. He had never asked for her alone before.- What would she think? There was only one Interpretation that he wanted to see her alone. Well, so he did, and he would ask her to-day. He walked restlessly up and down the little reception room, conning the speech till a rustle of skirts made him stop abruptly In the middle of the room, with his eyes fixed on the door. It opened in an instant, and a dainty little maid stood framed in the door way. Her brown eyes met Tom's bravely and happily, and before he knew what he was doing he had open ed his arms and she had come straight to him. "Hello, dear," she whispered, laugh ing saucily. "Is that all the love-making you know? Just one word dear. And you never wrote even that one all these months. How do you expect a girl to know you love her when you act so? I shouldn't have if I hadn't read all Dick's letters. Dear old Dick! He told me all you had said about me, and of course I knew." -. - I An hour later Tom was sitting on the divan holding Marguerite's hand. Dick sat on the other side, and Mr. and Mrs. Upton had chairs drawn near, and all formed a happy family group, but not one word had Tom uttered of his pro posal. Utica Globe. MONACO AND MONTE CARLO. How the Gamins Capital of the World Began. - Monaco and Mdnte Carlo were always more orless confused in my mind until I came here, and possibly they may be in yours. Monaco is the name of the kingdom as well as of the capital and chief town, and Monte Carlo is a sepa rate town, lying also on the coast of the Mediterranean. The two places were originally about a mile apart but the single street along the shore which con- nects them has been so built up that now they are practically one, and It is hard to tell when you are in Monte Car lo and when you cross the line into Monaco. Monaco is the old town, with dwellings and shops and castles and dirt and a market place like any other small European city, but Monte Carlo Is new, and lives entirely upon the Ca sino. There are few dwelling houses in it few shops, few permanent resi dents beyond the hotel and Casino em ployes, and even the Casino men live mostly In Monaco, where rents are cheaper. Monte Carlo consists chiefly of the Casino and its appurtenances, a group of hotels, a railway station and a very handsome arched stone railway bridge. Here are the Maritime Alps, rising al most out of the back yards of both places, the sea in front no bits of ar able land bigger than flower beds, no manufactures, no chance for any In dustries beyond fishing and retailing groceries, if you take away the gaming tables. It was a strong temptation, no doubt to their little majesties of Mona co to go in for anything that promised to bring money into the country. And the winter climate was the best in Eu rope, and therefore suitable for a great winter resort The gambling industry was begun here in 1856, but only in a small way. Then, four years later, a person named Blanc, who had been ex pelled from Homburg, came here and developed it At present the gaming tables support everything. The Casino Company pays the prince $250,000 a year for the concession. This is a stock company of the ordinary kind, like any mining or insurance company, with shares that can be bought in the mar ket and that pay such handsome divi dends that they command always a high premium. So, if you are a million aire, as I hope you are, and would like to be in a position to dictate to a real prince, you need only come over to Monaco and buy enough shares in this company. They are $100 shares, and sell at present at about $300, I believe. Wm. Drysdale in . New York Times. The Strength of Ice. Two-inch ice will sustain a man or properly spaced Infantry; four-Inch ice will carry a man on horseback, or cav alry, gt light guns; six-inch icey heavy field guns, such as eighty-pounders; eight-inch Ice, a battery of artillery, with carriages and horses, but not over 1,000 pounds per square foot on sledges ; and ten-Inch, ice sustains an army or an tnumerable multitude. On fifteen-inch Ice, a railway could be built and two foot thick ice will withstand the impact of a loaded railway carriage, after a a sixty-foot fall (or, perhaps 1,500 foot tons). Trautwine gives the crushing strength of firm Ice as 167 to 250 pounds per square inch. Colonel Ludlow, In his experiments In 1881, on six to twelve-inch cubes, found 292 to 889 pounds for pure hard ice, and 222 to 820 pounds for inferior grades, and on an American river 700 pounds for clear Ice and 400 pounds or less for the ice near the rpouth, where It is more or less disintegrated by the action of salt water, etc. Experiments of Gzowski gave 208 pounds; those of others, 310 to 320 pounds. The tensile strength was found by German xperi ments to be 142 to 223 pounds per square inch. The average specific gra vity of ice Is 0.92. In freezing, water increases In volume from 1-9 to 1-18, or an average of 1-11; when floating, 11-12 is immersed. River of Ink. In Algeria a river of ink is formed by the conjuction of two streams, one of which is impregnated with iron, and the other, which drains a peat bog. with gallic acid. The mixture of the Iron and the acid results In Ink. - The success of a jest -often depends upon the digestion of your audience. For The fOLKS Uncle Sam'a Midnight I.an4 Deal. One of the best bargains ever made by Uncle Sam was that of the purchase of Alaska from Russia In 1867. The Czar had been most friendly toward our country during the Civil War. and when Uncle Sam offered to buy his im mense possessions In northwestern America he gave the matter favorable consideration. He had planted forts and trading posts in many parts of this territory and had got to calling it the "outpost of St Petersburg," but he knew that Uncle Sam was growing into one of the foremost rulers of the earth and he wished to keep his good will. Then, too, Alaska would be difficult to defend in war time, and the Czar had always made a point of keeping his domains joined closely, annexing only such territory as lay directly upon his borders. So. after he had thought It over, he offered to sell for 810,000,000. True to his dickering instinct, Uncle Sam held out for $5,000,000. -"Split the difference," proposed the Czar; "say seven and a half.JJ "Seven millions," insisted Uncle Sam, "Done," , decided the Czar, as lightly as though it had been a pair of old shoes. The Russian Fur Company, however, wanted $200, 000 for its interest in the territory, and Uncle Sam agreed to pay it Nothing remained but the signing of the treaty, and this was done at mid night on March 26, 1867, at Washing ton. Uncle Sam's Secretary, Mr. Sew ard, was playing whist in his parlor that night when the Czar's representa tive, Minister Stoeckl, was ushered In. "I have a dispatch, Mr. Seward, from my government by cable. The Czar gives his consent to the cession. To morrow, if you like, we will sign the treaty." Mr. Seward laid down his cards. "Why wait until to-morrow, Mr. Stoeckl? Let us make the treaty to night" . "But you haye no clerks, and my secretaries are scattered about town." "Never mind that" replied Mr. Sew ard. "If you can muster your secre taries before midnight you will find me awaiting you . at the Department of State' ':; ; X- ' ... And so at midnight light was stream ing from the windows of 'the Depart ment of State,; and the place was busy with writers,- secretarles..and engross ers. , At 4 o'clock. Jn. the morning the treaty was finished engrossed, signed, sealed' and ready -for sending to the President and. th Senate. And the next day the Senate ratified the transaction, and the immense country of Alaska, with its hidden gold, passed within the limits of the United States for the price of two warships." Nine Men's Morris. , This interesting little game is play ed by two persons on a board marked with the diagram here , .shown, and buttons, beans or grains of corn of two colors may be used as men. .Cch player has nine pieces, none of wfilch are on the board at the opening of the game. - ... ; The players take turns in placing their men, one at a time, at the points where the lines meet each other, and after all have been put on in moving them from one spot to the next in any direction along the lines. Each player's object, both in placing the men and moving them, is to form a row of three of his own pieces, and whenever this DIAGRAM OF HINB MEN'S MOBBIS. Is done he may take from the board one of his opponent's pieces, but he must not disturb a row of three if there is any other than he can take. He who lanes on all the hostile pieces wins. Sometimes when a player has lost all his men but three he is allowed t "hop" that is, to play a man to any vacant spot on the board. The player must avoid crowding his men toeether and try.to place them on or near the comers of the board, at the same time trying to block his ODDonent as woll na to get his own men Into line. When possible it should be arranged to make more than one line In successive mmu when by moving one man backward and forward two lines can alternate.! v be made and broken. How Animal Rank In Wisdom. The monkey is the most intelligent animal. Poodle dogs come next; then in order the Indian elephant, bear, lion. tiger, cat ana otter. Ants, bees and spiders are more Intelligent than horses and goats, and the wild rabbit has considerably more brain power than the camel. Tame rabbits come almost last In the list, and -have less intelligence than the frog, . The lowest form in the animal school is occupied by the nautilus, octopus, python, tame pigeon, deer, sheep, buffalo and bison. The intelligence of all thes has been very accurately determined by a well-known scientist, who has spent the whole of his life on the work. Instinct is not taken Into consideration. Intelligence is only to be measured by the manner in which unexpected diffi culties are overcome. The spider, for instance, will con struct Its web In almost any position, and if it cannot find any natural object to which It can attach the supports it will construct little weights of mud, and place them at the lower parts of the web to keep It in position. Bees will construct their honeycombs in any 'place regularly or irregularly shaped, and. when they come to any corners and angles they seem to stop and consider. Then they will vary the shape of the cells, so that the space Is exactly filled. It could not be done more satisfactorily if the whole thing had been worked out on paper before hand. Ants will construct hard and smooth roads, and will drive tunnels compared to which man's efforts In making penny tubes are Insignificant Kins; Who was Ma 'e a Scullion, Here is an obscure little story from that very large book, the history of England: In 1497, during the reign of Henry VII., a young map appeared in Ireland, announced himself as Edward Plantagenet and claimed the right to the English throne. Some discontented noblemen took up his cause, formally crowned him, proclaimed him "King Edward VI." and set out toward Lon don with 8,000 followers to make good his heirship. The rebellion lasted until the town of Stoke was reached. Then the rebel forces met an army sent out against them by King Henry, opposed it and were defeated and scattered. "King Edward VI.," with a priest nam ed Simons, was caught and taken to London, where it was found that his real name was Lambert Simnel. King Henry, who had a keen sense of econ omy and perhaps of the ridiculous cast Simons, the true conspirator, into prison, and set his pretending brother monarch to scouring pots in the royal kitchen. A Fearlen Yonth, A brave and fearless heart beats within the breast of a young East Bos ton lad named Edward Ryan. Recent ly, while standing near the foot of Liverpool street, he saw a runaway horse dashing down the street, and knew that In a moment it would en danger the lives of two small boys. Without assistance he rushed to where the boys were sitting, near the curb, unconscious of danger, and pulled both just out of the course of the runaway, The act was bravely done, and none too soon, for the- vehicle attached to the runaway passed over young Ryan's foot. The injury was slight, however, and in a short time the young man bad recovered, His action was witnessed by only a few people, but those who saw It say that Ryan .is, a young hero. Too Smart an Uncle. To measure all things by the little yardstick of our own experience Is a most unsympathetic and sometimes un kind method. ' Forward tells of a small boy who pronounced judgment upon this peculiarity of his elders. "I caught, him all myself mother, I did!" he cried. "A big fellow, so long!" The eager little hands measured an uncertain length, that might have be longed to anything from a minnow to a good-sized trout and then the boy trotted away to recount his exploit to a neighbor. . He came back very quietly. "What did Uncle Gray say?" the mother asked. "Oh, h,e said he'd caught lots biggen'n that ' I guess everything was bigger when he was a boy, but I wish he didn't always 'member it When I show him my long lessons, he says he used to have longer ones, and when I do lots of work, he tells me how be did more when he was like me: I wish," said Davy, reflectively, "he'd left a few big things for me to have all to myself, 'cause, you see, I didn't live when he was a boy!" Too Far Away. Chicago is noted, anions' nth or no- ' a - - f cullaritles, for the gigantic policemen that guard the crossings in its down town district. -Several of these men oToeod rIy foot four Inches in helrfit. and nno n irAna. sal Irishman usually stationed at the intersection or state and Washington Streets, stands six feet seven inchea in his stockings, and Is well proportioned. "Why do you let your streets get so awfully dirty?" comnlainpd a visitor in the city one windy day,, rubbing his eyes. 'I think." renlied the friend whn wn showing him around, "the reason is that our policemen are so high up above tne airt they never see it" Not Alike. The Scotch butler is not in the least like an English one. - No man could be as respectable as be looks, not even an elder of the"kirk, whom he resembles closely. ' He hands your plate as If It were a contribution box, and in his moments of ease when he stands be hind the 'master" I am always expect ing him to pronounce a benediction. The English butler, when he wishes to avoid the appearance of listening to the conversation, gazes with level eye Into vacancy; the Scotch butler looks dis tinctly heavenward, as if he were brooding on the principle of co-ordinate jurisdiction with mutual subordination. Danger on Stage and Rail. The proportion of passengers injured in the "good old stage coach lays" as compared with the present is as sixty to one. .... - .- ' No woman can get ud in a Mother's club and claim that she understands the male nature, who refuses to let her sou hays a. dog. The Uses of the Weeder. Some one has said that the weeder was an excellent tool to use when there were no weeds to kill. If so, it is Just what every farmer needs. There is no time when the crop Is so much bene fited by a stirring of the soil as when there are no weeds in the field, and no time when so many weeds can be kill ed with so little labor as when the weeds are scarcely visible to the eye, and if they will go over fifteen to twen ty acres in a day, one can afford to use it several times, instead of going once when there were so many weeds that an acre would require a day's work to destroy the weeds. An old farmer used to say that a field which was so weedy as to very much need hoeing was not worth hoeing. But destroying weeds Is not the whole work of the weeder. To break up and pulverize the crust after a rain that It may be more absorbent of the dews and rainfall, and the nitro gen that is in the atmosphere; to make an earth mulch which will absorb the heat of the sun and attract moisture from below, are as Important as to de stroy weeds and weed seeds that are ready to germinate, and on large farms this implement will save many a hard day s work with horse, hoe and hand hoe. Massachusetts Ploughman. Dressing the Capon. In dressing capons the feathers are left on the neck, legs, wings and rump, and the tail feathers also are left. Otherwise capons should be dressed for the Chicago market the same as other fowls, except that they should be dry picked, as. it would be impossible to scald them and leave part of the feathers on, and if 'they are scalded the same as other chickens they will not bring any more than the" price of common fowls, for they are distin guished more by the way . they are picked than in any other manner. All other chickens sell better In the mar ket scalded, while turkeys sell best dry picked. P. S. Sprague, in Poultry Keeper. ' Insects in Stored Grain. - Every year after harvest comes the time of trouble with insects in stored grain. Concerning these pests, which work in the grain bin and often do great damage before they are discover ed, Rural New Yorker advises thus: All grain bins should of course be thor oughly cleaned before the new grain Is put in. If the. weevils appear, there are two ways of killing them. Raising the temperature to 140 degrees will de stroy them, but that is hardly prac ticable in most granaries. The most effective remedy is found In bisulphide of carbon. This Is a powerful poison. It Is .quite Inflammable and must not be used near an open fire. When put at the top of the bin It volatilizes, and the gas, being heavier than air, sinks through the whole mass of grain with out injuring it The usual application is about a pound and a half of bisul phide to a ton of grain in a tight bin. More should be used when the bins are open. The bisulphide may be put in shallow pans or saucers, and thus scattered over the surface of the bin. Then close the top and throw a blan ket over to exclude the air, leaving It alone for twenty-four hours. ' Farm Separators. Butter-makers kick on farm separa tors, says the Northwest Farmer. Some of the butter-makers are making a live ly kick against the Introduction of the farm separator. They might as well kick against a stone wall, for kicking will not stop Its coming. There is only one thing that will check its rapid in troduction, and that is better sklmmilk from the creamery. Farmers are get ting more and more determined to raise good calves, and they propose to do this with separator skimmllk. If the butter-makers don't clean up their pump's, pipes and tanks and give the skimmilk a thorough pasteurizing, the farmer is certain to lend an attentive ear to the farm separator agent a sep arator will be installed on trial, and you can count on Its staying. . It will then be too late to protest for after a farmer pays $100 for a separator he Is quite apt to find a factory that will take his cream. Dairymen of experi ence have found that the best of calves can be raised on good separator milk, and every ; intelligent butter-maker knows how to return it in good condi tion. . - ' Clover an i Alfalfa. While we have grown the mammoth red clover we did not like it as well as the common or medium red.. The cattle did not seem to like the coarse stalks, and only on very rich land would it give a better yield. It was more trou- CAPOM8 DRESSED FOB MARKET. lle to get it properly cured, and It did not with us give as good a second crop, being more apt to be Injured by the drought We were taught to so weight or ten pounds per acre of clover seed when other grass seed was sown on the same land, but we think we would prefer now to increase the. amount to twelve or fifteen pounds per acre. Nor would we sow timothy with clover, preferring orchard grass, which Is ready to cut at the same time. While we had little difficulty In getting a catch of clover on our rather light lands, we seldom succeeded to our satisfaction on strong and mucky soil. This is said to be the best adapted to alfalfa, and If It once gets started there, it will not be easily killed out by drought We think where alfalfa is much grown they put on from three to five pounds of seed to the acre. Ex change. Bran for Kee l. European dairymen buy large quan tities of American feeding stuffs. Ex periments are now being made in com pressing bran Into bricks for more con venient exportation. Whilethe suc cess of this line of work might lead to a still greater exportation of American raw farm products, the failure of the experiment would be America's gain. Bran is one of the most valuable feeds for the dairy. It Is recommended by many feeders as especially useful for feeding in conjunction with corniueal. which Is concentrated and tends to "pack" in the stomach. Bran is cool ing and can be used In almost any rea sonable quantity. It is a food rich In protein and contains a large amount of the nitrogenous element of fertility in soils. Wheat is known to be extremely hard on soil, and the chemist has found that most of the soil strength goes into the bran. Broadly speaking, therefore, the extreme folly can be seen of export ing bran and letting that much fertility go out of the country to enrich foreign lands, necessitating the purchase. In lieu thereof, of artificial fertilizers of all kinds to keep up our own fertility of soil. Growing; Potatoes. An exchange tells the story of a farm er who had been In the habit of crow ing potatoes each year, and usually raised fifty to sixty bushels per acre. iast year ne gave the use of an acre of ground to his 12-year-old son, to see what he could do with ia. The boy read up a little on the potato crop, bought good seed and e-avp tho field good care, and harvested 225 bushels to tne acre, or about four times as much as the father's usual eron. Tho Ktnrv Is good enough to be true, even If it is not, but as name and location is not given, it may be a little doubtful. Yet we think boy or man following this plan could get better crops than come from the too often careless method nf taking anything for seed, and then neg lecting the proper cultivation. Ex- cuaiige. Goats With Sheep. , In Mexico they keen sheen in flnofea of about 2,000, and they keep about a dozen old billy goats with each flock as leaders and for protection. The goats fear nothing and are ready to fight dog, coyote, or anything else. And the sheep do not seem to be at all scared as long as the goat Is between them and the enemy. The Croats are also mnro not. ive or restless than the sheep; thus they, lead them over more ground and the sheep are better fed without grazing the field so closely. Perhaps a goat leader is what is needed in some places where farmers say they cannot keep sheep because of the depredations of the dogs. Beardless Barley. Barley Is often said to be a much better grain than oats for feeding hogs, sheep or noultrv. as it fattona better, nearly equal to corn, but mak ing more growth or lean meat The best Canadian and English bacon is made largely upon barley or barlov meal, yet many will not grow it be cause the beards are poisonous, or ry Irritating to some people, and even to animals when the straw is used as bed ding. But Western farmers are now paying much in praise of beardless barley. It grows well on good soil. standing about four' feet high, and producing thirty to forty bushels of grain to the acre. -American Cultiva tor. Value of Farm Crop. 10 JO. The January bulletin' of the Depart ment of Agriculture give's the value of the principal farm crops of the United States grown last year. The figures are as follows: Corn , $731,220,031 Wheat 323,515.177 Oats ' 208,009,233 Barley 24,075,271 Rye 12,295,417 Buckwheat 5,341,413 Potatoes 90,811,1C,7 Hay 445,538,870 It appears that next to the corn crop hay Is the most valuable of the Northern-grown farm products. . Pnt Fiesh on the Animals. One advantage of the system of fat tening beef animals and lambs young er than used to be the custom is that they have more lean 'meat or the fat and lean well mixed together,- which makes them more desirable to the mar ketman.' While fat .enough . tliere ia not much fat to trim off when.., they come to tne block. They are thus more profitable to the growers, becanseSthey make their growth more rapidtyv more profitablexto the dealer., and ,uit the consumer much better. Sowine t lover et In a heavy soil clover seldom germi nates well, if sowed two inches de'p or deeper, and 'this is a not inffeqSient . cause of a failure to get a good ratch when it is sown with grain In? the spring .The soil newly broken early for the grain Is so mellow that the bar--1' row often buries It too deep. It would be better to go over only with a brush after the clover is sown.