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Corvallis gazette. [volume] (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909, May 05, 1905, Image 6

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P goUftd by a Spell
CHAPTER XXIX.
Montgomery was alone. He tried to
think out his situation; he found it a
difficult task. He wns utterly in Rod
well's power. Once in the hands of the
police, what would the story he could
tell avail nsrainst the word- of a gentle
man? While thus revolving in his mind
his perilous position, he took out his
pipe.. Searching in his waistcoat pocket
for a match, he felt some smooth, hard
substance.
It was the locket that Mr. Porter had
banded him, and which he had entirely
forgotten. His thoughts were too grave
ly engaged to give any heed to It now.
But in taking it out of his pocket, the
better to catch hold of a match that
eluded his fingers, his gaze pll upon
the back, upon which was engraved the
Initials P. B. and E. M., joined togeth
er by a true lovers' knot. A cry of as
tonishment burst from his. lips; he took
It to the window, minutely examined it,
passed his hand across his eyes, as
though doubting their evidence. Then,
with trembling fingers, he tried for the
spring. At last he found it. Upon one
side was the miniature of a beautiful
woman; upon the other, which had once
contained another portrait, a lock of
dark hair. -
He sank into a chair, trembling as
with an ague fit, and gazing wildly upon
the miniature. But soon his face" soft
ened, the tears gathered in his eyes, and
bis chest heaved with deep sobs. He
kissed the picture, and murmured words
of passionate love over it. In trying for
the spring, Mr. Porter had bent the case
a little. As Montgomery pressed it to
his lips the portrait fell out and dis
closed, neatly fitted at the back, a scrap
of paper. There was writing upon it;
but the characters were so minute that
he had great difficulty in deciphering
them. At last he read these words:
"The child upon whom this is found is
Silas Morant son of Francis Morant,
whose portrait this is, of The Willows,
Herts."
For some seconds, both strength , and
consciousness deserted him. At first, his;
thoughts came back broken and confua-'
ed. This portrait of his wife in Mr.
Porter's possession! How came it there
a child of whose existence he was ig
norant? Silas Morant Silas Carston
and Madame Berne interested in him!
Great heaven! this boy, then, whom he
had given up to his bitterest enemies,
whose lifelong misery he had sealed,
whom he was on the brink of consigning
to an awful death, was his own son!
Back upon his soul like the blast of a
trumpet rushed the parting words of
Madame Berne that vengeance was
"held by 8? higher power than that Of
pnny man."
For "the first time since his childhood
days, this 'hardened man of sin knelt
down, and trembling and appalled at
what had been, what might have been.
and what might be yet, prayed to heaven
for pardon and for succor.
What was to be done? If he could get
clear of the honse, there would be no
difficulty. But he had heard Rodwell
lock the door behind him. Ah, the win
dow! It was a French one, opening
upon a garden; it was unfastened; he
could see the back door before him. The
next moment he was there. He could
Hot open it
"The door is locked, sir," said a voice
behind him.
AT rtii t irmyi a rv atartaA anil nnnn lnV-
ing round saw a burly looking fellow,
dressed like a groom, sitting under a
tree. "Will you have the kindnef.3 to
open it for me?" he said, in as uncon
cerned a tone as he could assume.
"Can't, sir," was the answer. "Mas
ter has left me here with the key, to
see that nobody passes oat -whatsom-erer."
For a moment, Montgomery entertain
ed the desperate idea of trying a tussle
for the key, but the powerful build pf
the fellow, and the thought of the noise
it would create, quickly dispelled it. An
other and more feasible plan crossed his
brain. - ,
. "Would you like to earn a dollar, my
man?"' he said. "I don't mean by let
ting me out of that door, or by disobey
ing your master's orders. Will you take
a message for me to the telegraph office
close by?" s
The fellow considered for a moment.
"Well, I wasn't told anything about mes
sages, so I dare say I can get it done
for you by somebody." - .
It was an enormous hazard to trust to
this man; but it was the only chance
r left. There were writiug materials in
the room he had just left. He hastened
back, and npon a sheet of paper wrote
addressed to "Jonathan Rodwell, Mor-
ley s Hotel, the following words:
"If you wish to see your granddaugh
ter alive, lose not a moment in going to
Manor Hquse, Essex, John Rod well's
- bouse.
As a double security, he would send
another to Bow street station. The sec
. "The young giri for whose discovery a
reward has been offered is at Manor
House, Essex. She is. in imminent dan
ger lose not a moment."
He sealed these up in separate envel
opes, and went back to the man. A
youth, looking like a stable lad, Was by
bis side; this was to be the messenger,
No person was in sight. The lad de
parted npon his errand, and Montgom
ery returned to his room.
The next thing to be thought of was
his own course of action, or rather, what
answer he should give to Rodwell when
he returned. He must feign to assent to
. his diabolical proposition a difficult
talk in the nreaent aeitation. of his mind.
1 bat the -only one. Bat would Rodwell
implicitly trust. to bo sadden a conver
sion? j ,
All this time he held the portrait of
his wife in his hand, never taking his
gas from off it And amidst all these
racking doubts and fears of the present
there rose up images of the past bright.
beautiful, gloomy, and sad. Let us pho
tograph some of these pictures, connect'
- ping them by links that have, dropped
tmt at hi, niAmiwrr anil snnimr ttiativ ab
tails of which he is ignorant
j He Is one-and-twenty, wild, and some
what dissipated, but not vicious, just
returned from college to his stately
home. But a great change has come over
that home since he saw it last. His
noble, loving mother is dead. His father
has returned to The Willows; but not
alone. Two strangers ladies have ac
companied him from Switzerland Mad
ame Berne and her daughter. It was
at the house of the former that his
mother resided during her last illness.
She is a rigid, austere fanatic, acting
up in all things to the letter of her pro
fessions, but denying the existence of j
any good beyond them; all virtue and
all holiness are confined within the limits
of her creed beyond it, all is sin and
death. She has acquired a powerful
ascendancy over Mr. Morant's mind.
weakened as it is by the affliction of his
beloved wife's death. He has brought
her home to fill the position of house
keeper, and in a short time she reigns
absolute and undisputed mistress over
him and the household.
From the moment she is first introduc
ed to Edward Morant she conceives a
hatred for him. The gay, light, mischiev
ous bearing, even subdued as it is now
by the sorrow of his mother's deaths is
repulsive to her gloomy soul. There is
soon open war between them. But Ed
ward is no match for hjs powerful ad
versary. His father, under the prose
lytism of Madame Berne has become
as gloomy a fanatic as herself; all gaiety
of heart,- all amusements, are sins in his
belief. The Willows soon become an
unendurable home for the young man,
and were it not for one all-powerful at
traction, he would have quitted it long
ago.
That attraction is Frances, Madame
Berne's daughter, a beautiful, melan
choly girl of sixteen. He loves her pas
sionately, possibly because she is so en
tirely opposite to himself; and she loves
him, possibly for the same reason. In
the course of time Edward prevails on
Frances to consent to a clandestine mar
-age. They are quietly married at a
suburban church, and return to The W u
lo'w8 the same night.
A fortnight afterwards, yielding to the
prayers of his young wife, Edward de
clares his marriage to his father. The
old man is willing to forgive the act but
Madame Berne is furious. Her daugh
ter shall not be delivered over to the
satanic influences of this vicious man.-
A terrible scene ensues. Edward's
fiery temper is thoroughly aroused, and
all the 'bitterness and hatred that have
been seething in his heart burst forth.
There is not an. Insult an epithet of
loathing, that he spares his enemy. The
end of all is a father's curse, and his
expulsion from the home, the doors of
which he will never darken again. He
would claim his wife by force of law. but
he has no home to take her to he is
penniless and an outcast. She is kept
a close prisoner' he will never sea ker
face again. s
Very soon he falls into vagebondage,
and, gnawed by the burning sense of the
wrong that has been done him savage
ly reckless, from vagabondage he sir.ks
into crime, becomes implicated, through
his associates, in a robbery, and is con
demned to three years' penal servitude.
In the meantime, a child has been
born to him, of whose existence, or prob
able existence, he is ignorant. A sad
life is that of the mother. Mr. Morant
would have been kind and good to her,
but Madame Berne cannot pardon her.
intne eyes of that fanatic, she is a
lost soul she has strayed from the paths
of righteousness, and to show mercy to
her would be to participate in her guilt.
In this daughter she had hoped to cre
ate a second self a perpetuation of her
own austere bigotry a mirror in whose
reflection she could worship her own image.-
. , -
Frances' only consolation was her in
fant son; Madame Berne would have de
prived her even of this had not Mr. Mo
rant interfered, and for once carried his
point At the end of three years the
poor girl died of a lingering decline.
When, at the end of his term of im
prisonment the unfortunate husband.
now thoroughly vicious and -hardened,
came back to The Willows to claim his
wife, a funeral procession stopped the
way. An awful scene ensued.; not even
the sacred presence of the dead could
check the wild tempest of passion that
burst from the wretched man's lips. He
knelt down and cursed the woman the
cause of all his sufferings. From that
time he was utterly lost remorse, con'
science, every better feeling, were crush
ed out of his nature.
After the mother's death, the child
against whom Madame Berne felt a vir
ulent hatred, only exceeded by that
which she felt for the father spite of a
weak opposition on the part of Mr. Mo
rant was banished -to the care of a
nurse. Two years afterwards the poor
little unfortunate was consigned to the
guardianship of the Rev. Mr. Porter.
Madame Berne determined that Ed
ward Morant should never know of its
existence, neither should the child be
made acquainted with its parentage. Be
fore it left the care of the nurse a friend
of the lovers, and who frequently paid
a secret visit to the child, sewed up in
its frock a locket containing its mother's
portrait and a lock of her hair, adding
thereto the scrapt of writing which Mont
gomery had now so" strangely discov
ered. The locket had been given her by
poor Frances on her deathbed. It was
all she could do dared do. Slight as
was the link, it might one day prove use
ful to the boy in establishing his iden
tity.
When, after his death, Mr. Morant')
will was opened, Madame Berne was dis
covered to have inherited his estate and
fortune: but attached was a codicil of a
very recent data, making chargeable np
on the same an annuity of $2,500 a year
to Silas Morant known as Silas Cars-
ton. . .'.';..-:'.
The unlocking and opening of the door
aroused the dreamer, calling him back
from ghosts of the past to the horrors
of the future, in the person of Mr. John
Rodwell, who at that moment re-entered
the room. - t
"Well," was Rodwell's first word; "do
yon consent?". .
"Needs most" answered Montgomery
sullenly; he feared to change his tone
too suddenly. "By the bye," he added,
"I am forgetting all about the Corin-
thian. I am due there at seven, and is
is now five."
' "The public will certainly be deprived
of your brilliant talents this evening,",
sneered Rodwell. "We shall start about
ten. You do not suppose that I would
trust you to go alone after' what has
passed? The night air might affect your
delicate conscience if ' you had ' not a
friend by your side."
"But who will carry ont the second
part of your scheme? Who will be your
messenger to your uncle?" v
"Would not a telegram serve the pur
pose?" Montgomery started. Was it a sliay
shot? or was he discovered?
There was a dark, malicious smile up
on Rodwell's face. "Whatever clever
plots you may have been revolving in
your fertile brain to overmatch me, will
only rebound upon yourself. But, in the
meantime, dinner is waitiug for us in
the next room. Let us eat, and be
thankful. Who knows whether we shall
ever eat another? Life is so very un
certain." Montgomery was not a coward, but
there Was something in the callous-hearted
levity of this man, who could thus
jest upon the eve of an, awful crime,
that made his blood run cold. Added to
which, he did not feel by any means cer
tain that the telegram had not fallen into
his hands. If so, what then? He shud
dered at the thought
Before the dinner was half over, a
strange, drowsy sensation' began to steal
over him. Ten minutes more, and he
had fallen senseless from his chair unto
the floor.
Case of an overdose," said Mr. Rod-
well to the servant who was waiting,
coolly continuing his meal. "Lay him
gently upon the couch, and then teil
John to put the "mare into the dog-cart.
'11 drop the gentleman into his home
as I go along. I shall drive myself, and
shall not require any one with me."
About 0 o clock Montgomery, still in
sensible, was lifted into the dog-cart.
Mr. Rodwell took the reins, and drove
away. But not in the direction of Cam
den Town; on the contrary, he made
towards the open country, taking the
same road that Montgomery had travers
ed in the opposite direction a few hours
before. He stopped at a wooded, soli
tary spot about half a mile off the road
way, and, about three miles from the
Manor House, unharnessed the mare.
took ont a saddle and bridle that he had
concealed in the boot and, by the light
of a bull's eye lantern, put these upon
her. Then he dragged out his helpless
companion, threw him across the front I
of the saddle, leapea into tn sat, ana
after casting a look at the vehicle, which
was ensconced under a tree and quite
hidden by the darkness, he galloped
away.
CHAPTER XXX.
It was a wild night The wind howl
ed mournfully through the passages and
corridors of the house down in Essex,
swaying the shivering poplars, stripping
them of their leaves, and soughing
among the branches. Heavy masses of
cloud drifted rapidly across the sky, and
large drops of rain pattered occasionally
upon the dry leaves. At times, the
moon broke forth in fitful radiance, but
only to render the succeeding darkness
deeper. There was a terrible spirit
abroad tjjat night spirit of destruc
tion on land and sea.
Before the fire in his somber bedroom
sat Silas Carston, watching sadly the
flickering flames blown about, by the
draught that came roaring down the
huge chimney. He was alone; the nurse
had been removed, and his door securely
locked. Dark and . despairing were his
thoughts, and over ail there hovered the
spirit of the night boding death.
In the chamber above him, watching
the tempestuous changes of the sky,
with her eyes, but not with her mind,
sat Clara, sad, dreary, hopeless, at the
mercy uvr cueuiiw. ouc ni.w n aa a
prisoner fast secured, and over her
brooded the spirit of the night boding
death.
In the kitchen below sat two female
servants cowering over the blazing fire,
shuddering at the howling wind, and
supping full . of horrors on ghost
stones.
Tn small room UDon the same corri
dor in which Clara's apartment was sit
uated, sat the Rev. Mr. Porter, trying to
drown dark memories and stupefy re
morse, the specters still floated upon the
surface, ana the worm gnawed ' cease
lessly. He shivered and looked around,
and then crept closer to the cheerful fire.
Over him hovered the spirit of the
night boding death.
(To be continued.! ,
Married Unawares.
An astonishing story of involuntary
marriage is brought to England -by the
steamer Anversville, which has just
arrived from the "Congo. "
The Belgian officials declare the in
cessant risings in the Congo- Free State
to be due to the. missionaries, and they
are alleged to lose no opportunity of
making things uncomfortable for these
self-sacrificing evangelists.
Sites for new mission buildings are
refused, natives are forbidden to sell
food to the missionaries, an' exorbitant-tax
has been put on fuel, and
numberless petty measures of irrita
tion are devised.
Recently one of . the missionaries
died on an Upper. River station,' and,
in accordance with Free State -law,
three of the dead man's colleagues a
lady and two gentlemen, who were
present at; the deathbed traveled to
the nearest state post to report the
matter to a Belgian official.
This official professed to be unable
to speak any language but Flemish,
which none of the party understood,
He made them repeat after him in
Flemish what they believed to be a
declaration as to the cause of death,
and then swear to it and sign it
- A week later, they discovered to their
horror that the document they had
signed was not a death return, but a
marriage certificate, and that the lady,
who Is over fifty, had been legally
married to the .jonnger of her two
companions. London Express.
The colossal statue of Prince Bis
marck being erected afr Hamburg, will
be unveiled In 1908. Its height Is over
oO feet; and the sword is 36 feet long,
A First-Class Market Apple.
Wherever the Baldwin, Northern Spy
and similar varieties of apples can be
grown successfully, the' Fameuse,
shown in the illustration, should have
a place, for it is one of the most de
sirable varieties for commercial pur
poses. In quality it is one of the best,
and its attractive skin, highly colored
and tender, makes it a sort easy to sell
to consumers. The flesh is white, with
generally red streaks and of good qual
ity. The trees are productive, come
into bearing quite early, and, with
proper care, bear consecutive seasons.
In season it is a late fall or early win
ter sort and is a good keeper and a
good shipper, if care is used In pack
ing, so that the rather delicate and
thin skin Is not bruised. All things
considered the Fameuse may be class-
ed among the very few really desira
ble sorts for market use; Indianapolis
News.
'Raising the Bacon Hog.
Outside of what is known as- the
corn belt farmers will make more
money in hog raising by putting ani
mals on the market of moderate weight
than by the heavy weights which have
long been so popular. The streak of
lean and streak of fat hog Is the most
profitable one to-day, but to raise such
an animal requires a radical departure
from tne old methods of close pens and
an almost exclusive corn diet Oats,
barley, skim milk and plenty of good
pasture- during the summer enter very
largely into the makeup of the bacon
hog. Some corn is fed, but mainly at
the finishing off period, the main de
pendence being placed on the other
grains with the pasture. In the case of
the latter good pasture must be sup
plied.
It will not do to turn the hogs on
any worn-out strip of grass land. The
pasture of mixed grasses must be good
and the results will be better if a range
of rape is used by way of variety,
Then let the hogs follow' the harvest
in the fall, particularly in the corn
field, and they will pick up nearly all
the corn they should have during the
period of growth.
Subduing: Flying; Fowls.
When (pwls. are kept confined they
get uneasy and long for freedom; this
is particularly the case with the small-
er breeds, says an exchange. Thi com-
j mon method of prevention is to clip
; tne ringg f the birds, not a desirable
mng tQ dQ u tney nappen to be hjgh.
class fowls. A better plan Is to attach
the little arrangement here described.
Take a stout cord and tie around the
points of the feathers, on the wings
mainly used in flying. Tie one wing
in this manner, then pass the cord over
the back and tie the other wing. - Be
careful not to draw the cord too tight
but leave it so that the fowl can carry
HARNESS FOB FLYING FOWLS.-
the wings in a natural position, and it
will do no harm, yet the bird will not
be able to fly any distance.
Choosing a Iras Saw,
; in choosing a saw, hold It up clear
of everything with one hand, and ring
the blade with tne other. It will hum
where your knuckles hit it, according
to the temper ana. quality of carbon
in the blade. The longer it hums or
vibrates the better the quality of the
steeL Then look down the teeth from
end to .end and see that the blade is
straight, and look'along oh the flat "of
both sides to see that It is not "bumpy1
that is, hollow in some places and
full in others. This is a great draw
back to a saw, as it pulls bard through
the full spots or bumps, knocking
against the cut ends as it runs through
the log. It is a fault very hard to de
tect In a new saw, in an old one very
easy, as the bumps show bright and
polished from knocking, and the hoi
Iowa dull from escaping the friction,
See that the saw la not too thick, or It
wastes too much strength to saw
with It
A - .-
VAn Kmc Producer,
Green cut bones are not need as ex
tensively as they should be, because
grain can be obtained with less dlffl-
j culty and at a minimum cost - but as
jtKg producing material the bone is far
superior to grain and does not cost
THE FAMEUSE APPLE.
mora than grain In some sections. The
cutting of the bone Into available sizes
Is now rendered an easy matter, as the
bone cutter Is within reach of all.
Bones fresh from the butcher contain
more or less meat and the more of
such meat the better, as It will cost
no more per pound than the bone,
while the combination of both meat
and boqe Is an excellent food from
which to produce eggs.
How Ehould a Cow Be Milked?
Opinions differ very much as to the
manner in which the operator should
proceed in milking a cow. Some con
tend that the proper plan is to draw
the near fore and the oft hind teats
simultaneously, and then the off forp
and the near hind teats; while others
argue that both the hind teats should
be first drawn; and still others contend
that the whole of one side of the ndder
should be drawn ere the other side is
touched. We are not aware that there
is really very much in it either way,
but it is ftiig-fppatlv trt tenrn that in
an investigation conducted some time ,
ago by Prof.' Babcock,' the well-known
dairy expert. It was found, that the
order in which the teats were milked .
exercised considerable influence on the
quality of the milk obtained. It was
found that the teat, that was drawn
second in order almost invariably yield
ed the richest milk; then came the teat ;
that was first milked, and next in order ,
the third and fourth, the last one !
drawn. Invariably giving the poorest
milk. From these results Prof. Bab-
cock argues that milk is pretty largely1 j
formed during the act of milking, and
that it does not accumulate to any ex
tent in the ready-made condition of
the udder. American Cultivator.
Two Spraying; in One.
Recent tests at the Gfeneva (N. Y.I
experiment station suggest that the
trees with a sulphur wash may take i
the place of the first one of the com-
bined treatment with bordeaux mixture !
and paris green for scale and scab. It
is found that the sulphur washes kill
many other insects besides the scale
and result in considerable benefit to the
tree. On the other hand, it was no-, Madison, on the Ohio, was begun,
ticed that in spraying old orchards The parish prison at New Orleans
some of the buds were killed on the;'was erected at a cost Of $200,000.
lower branches by the large quantity East Tennessee was swept by a ey-
of the spray which they received. The
effect was to thin the fruit and de-l
crease its number, while improving the
slze and quality. The lime and sul -
phur washes proved efficient scale de?
stroyers on all treated trees. Massa
chusetts Ploughman.
Cutting: Potatoes for Seed.
In cutting seed potatoes. Farm and
Home says, take the potato in the left
hand with the stem end toward you.
i
If it Is large cut
off a good sized
piece with two or
three eyes. Re
volve the potato
to the right and
keep cutting off
about the same
size pieces, finish-
CUTTING POTATOES.
ing the potato by
splitting the seed end. Cut potatoes as
you want to use them and after they
are cut never expose to the sun or air
to dry out
If you cannot use th-m immediately
pour out on damp ground in the shade
of trees or building and cover .with a
blanket Seed the least bit dry comes
up Slower, Diignis easily, ana yieias
lighter, Just In proportion as it is dried
out '
Lettuce. .
Lettuce is a salad plant a salable
greens,- extensively forced in green
houses during the winter, and in hot
beds and cold frames in early spring
It can be sown from spring till fall!
and is remarkable for being able to
stand quite severe frosts. Lettuce
thrives best in T:lay loam soil well
treated with well-rotted barnyard ma
nure. In early spring the seed is
sown In rows a foot apart and thinned
to stand about six inches apart in the
row. For the very early and very late
crops, the loose-growing varieties are
best for the reason that they mature
the quickest For early summer and
fall crops, the larger head lettaces are
the finest In order to have crisp, ten
der lettuce, the crops must be sown
rapidly. . To secure a quick growth, the
soil must be very rich. Nitrate of soda
scattered broadcast along the rows and
well raked in, will generally give a
quick growth. It can be used at the
rate of 200 to 300 pounds to the acre.
General Farm Notes.
It is well to mark the eggs' on which
the hen Is placed for hatching pur
poses.
A dog that worries the fowls should
be broken of the habit without delay,
for a hen will not do her best while
such nuisances exist ,
If you find that the young chicks are
disappearing, keep an eye on the fam
ily cat It may develop that this ani
mal is doing the damage.
Dampness will cause , more troubles
in the brood than any other condition
in the poultry house. Dry floors are
as .necessary as, proper food.
Agricultural implements to the value
of $2,835380 were exported from this
country during the month of January,
1905, the exports for the same month
of 1904 being valued at $1,987,985.
' For the tree lice, the . New Hamp
shire Station successfully' dips the in
fested twlg of young trees In a weak
solution of tree soap. - Probably kero
sene emulsion would answer the same
purpose. -'' ": -
A . Chilean government expert asserts
tht at the end of twenty years, when
thirty-five million tons of . nitrate of
soda have been extracted from , the
great mines on the coast of Chill, the
exhaustion of the nitrate deposits will
have been accomplished, ,
THEV7EEKLY
HI
One Hundred Years Ago.
The Jewish oath' bill, several 'times
passed by the Commons, was ihown
out by the House of Lords. '
About 500 Indians held a council of
war at the mouth of the Wabash.
Emanuel Lisa founded the first trad
ing post in Nebraska, at Bellevue.
New Hampshire passed a law'dlvid-
ing Its towns Into school districts,
The United States government was
negotiating for 2,000,000 acres of In-
dlan land west of the Wabash, onno-
site Vincennes.
The Spanish consul at Philadelphia
informed the merchants of the United
States that the port of St Augustine,
Fla'was opened for importation of
provisions.
Russian troops were- assembling at
Corfu and adjacent islands-
Seventy-five Years Ago.
Uprisings in Belgium were dally -.
currences, the country being on the
verge of a revolution.
The Legislature of Georgia annulled
aU laws made by Cherokee Indians.
The State road from Lake Michigan
, clone. ,
Work was begun by the surveyors
Ior the laying out of the city of Cht-
,0?0 -
France addressed its ultimatum to
the Dey of Algiers, demanding a pub
lic reparation and $16,000,000 indemni
ty for the expenses of the "war.
Fifty Years Ago.
Butler University at Irvington, Ind.,
was opened.
Charlotte Bronte, the English novel
ist, died. ;
England signed a treaty ef peace
with Mohammed of Cabul, India.
Sir George Gore left St Louis with
forty men to explore the head waters
of the Powder River in Montana.
The bronze equestrian statue of Gen
eral Jackson was unveiled in the Place
d'Armes, New Orleans.
Four sons of John Brown, abolition
ist, settled on the Pottawatomie River,
eight miles from Osawatomie, Ark.
Was election day in Kansas and the
polls were invaded by "emigrants"
from Missouri, who carried the State.
Forty Years Ago
Sheridan overtook Lee's army at
Sailor's Creek and defeated it after a
day's fighting.
A new stringent tariff law went into
operation.
Richmond and Petersburg were
evacuated by the Confederates and oc
cupied by Union forces.
Peace rumors based on - President
Lincoln's visit to the army at City
Point - were telegraphed over the
North.
The Wisconsin Legislature memoral
ized the Postoffice Department to es
tablish railway distributing stations in
that State.
Municipal elections held in many
cities throughout the North showed
great strength of the Union party.
- Dispatches from President Lincoln
at City Point announced that the
Union army, after three days' fighting,
succeeded in breaking the Confederate
center at- Petersburg and flanking Lee
on the left
Thirty Years Ago.
The Illinois Legislature passed the .
municipal Incorporation act.
Charles p.. Ingersoll, Democrat was
elected Governor of Connecticut
The monument to the late Emperor
Maximilian at Trteet Austria, was un
veiled. - .
Through a telegraph operator's blun
der two trains came together at Bur
lington, Iowa, killing several and In
juring many persons.-
Archbishop Manning was created a
cardinal, the ceremony taking place
before, many English and American
pilgrims at Rome. ;
The Pope Issued an encyclical re
newing the excommunication of the
old Catholics of Switzerland.
Henry Ward Beecher began his tes
timony in his own defense in the
Brooklyn court which was hearing the
TUton-Beecher case.
Twenty Years Ago.
The British forces under General
Graham captured and burned the Arab
village TamaL
General Grant's condition was such
that the end appeared to be near.
.A Cabinet meeting decided that
while this nation was not concerned
with the internal affairs of Colombia,
then In a state of revolution. It was
j responsible for free and uninterrupted
transit across me isuiuiua.

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