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Kvoin 21 Merchants' Ex..
"-J 9 THE INDEPENDENT ..:? i X jr - -. ,.- ,-. 18 ISSUED " " Saturday Mornings, . -BY ':'"-' ''''U KELIy A .WELLS, Publisher. THE INDEPENDENT ' HAS TH3 . ' FIN EST JOB OFFICE EJ DOCGLAS COUXT. CARDS, BILLHEADS & LEGAL BLANKS And other PIUS TING, includ U I.arg-e and Heavy Posters and Snowy Hand-01 !, . .. v't. --.-.' .rH NEATLY ASD EXPED1TIC CSIT EXECUTED AT PORTLAND PltlCES I m H "-' i TKKXS IK ADVANCE i t- yr.... Ms momlu. ...... Thxw moutlui........,'.'."..".V. 92 SO ...... 1 CO "Independent in all Tliingrs; ISTeutral in JV o tiling. ... 1 00 Aim am t .... tM'4VA- i. i ROSEBURG, lOlGDNl Wt CRDA , DECEMBER 7, 1878. th iaoirtRDm o( One InduovmeuU to advirtiMra; NO. 33. -.fJi iiiirf-iiiiiiii aaagafegaariii m 'T1I w-mj-pj -tJ MyfUJAg.-. "'')' ......... , v." . i. ) ;- ... . I DO mm NDEPE1DMT. TV. II. Willis, j ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR AT LAW, R08EBURQ, OREOON. !-' COSMOPOLITAN RESTAURANT B0flEWM,NBE00SF. WL A. E. CHAUPAOSE, Proprietor. The ml frtVciu hnw in Roaebur. Kept on the Knropon plan. ; DEPOT HOTEL, , OAKLAND, OREGON, 1 THI8 HOTEL HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED FOR A umber of jreera, awl he become very popular with tiie tnvetinc public Firtt claw SLEEMNQ "AOCOMMODATIONt r And the table iupplfirt with the beet the market affords" Hotel at the depot of the Railroad. SUGAR iPINE MILLS.. , LOCATED AT SUGAR PINE MOUNTAIN, Foot Office addreee, LOOKING GLASS, OREGON. The Company owtnf theee fnflU would sty they ere prepared to turnieh the KIT OF LUMBER At the aoat reaeonabla rates. . SUGAR PINE, Till AND CEDAR - - - . . i'-i -, Lumber always on hand, awl all peraone winbinr to purchase Lumber will do well to rive ueaa opportunity of nlluif their ordere before going elaewhere. , . J. Q. CALLIGHAjr, President, W. B. CLARKE, fiecretiry and Treasurer. Uotropolitan Hotel, 1 KOSEBCRC1, ottECOX. Button & Perkins, ?roprietorsJ :-v - THE ONLT - FIRST-CllASS HOUSE JN THE CITY . ' AND- . ' Oopot of tho C. V O. Btag-o Co. WELL FURNISHED SLEEPING APARTMENTS, the beet of bede, and the moot attentive of Heueekeepere, and a table eupplted with the beet o Terrthiag. STAGES 70R RIDDINO the arrival of the can Leave the houee every day on from remand. - - The traveling public, and all who favor Ul with their patronage, can rat enured that they will be entertained la the beet pouible manner. O. L. BUTTON, C. PERKINS. T. R. SHERIDAN. J. P. SHERIDAN. Rhtt-rrclnT Bros.. Jackson Street, Roeeburg, Oregon, near the Poet Office, (DEALERS IX J3 T O ES AND GENERAL HARDWARE, And lianuf actnrert of . Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Wares, 1 . . . Are prepared to GIVE SATISFACTION TO ALL, OREGON AND CALIFORNIA STAGE LI NE! THROUGH TO SAN FRANCISCO The Quickest, Safest and Easiest Route. . STAGES LEAVE ROSSBURQ Erory Davy at 7-10 P. M., V Making quick connection at Reading with the oare of the C. a u. K. K. For full parUculan and peeeage apply to BUTTON A PERKINS, Agente. NOTICE. a-rnnntll HEREBY GIVEN TO WHOM IT MAT iX eoneera that the undersign 1 has been awarded the contract for keeping the Douglas county paupers for a period of two years. All persons in need of anelstance Irom sold eeunty mutt first pmure a certificate to that feet from any member of the County Beard and pre seut it to one of the following aimed persona, who are authorised to and will care for those preeentinr such cwrtinoete: Button Perkins, Kuseburg; l- L. aeuogg, Stekland: Kit Brawn. Lookinr Ulass. Dr. Woodruff u uthariuii to furnish medical aid to all ttersons iu need f the eame and who have been declared paupers of Douglas eouuty. n. B. CLARKE. T. D. MARKS. REPRESENTING J. II. PIKE & CO., Importere eal Wholeeale Dealers in ... t TOBACCO AND TEAS, f;---';-:-!-- '' r MANUFACTURERS OF CIGARS And sole proprietors of the lion -equalled PINK Qf PERFECTION AND SOUTH CIGARS, Jloa. 11 a 10S Cailiorala Ktroot. SAN FRANCISCO. " " f f ' 'V r"' ' ' " " SCUULTZ & VON BARGEX, Importers sjad tesars In FOREIGN & DOMESTIC WINES LIQUORS AMD CRANDIES. ' Also Sole AgeoU fur eT. je,-rexi.pxartf CELE8 RATED OLD BOURBON WHISKY - . . .ryT u. ' ( . .. B. B. m rfmt mmCmlltwmU Aim,; , ; CAS 1TLAIICIS0, CAL. . tpreusti fcT Cn-. Cohen. LATEST JEWS ! I ciEiEA?TERJTf STATES.-:-; Booth and tb Cblneae. Sak Fbancisco, No,. 27. A Fpecial.ivom Se"fr Yori thi morning lays: The Ktuhas an eilitorial B'.Tongly Condemiling- the course of Senator Booth on the Chinese question. It says now that the American citizens in China are not making as much niouey as formerly anil ' the Chi'aeAa in America' "by thrift and frugality and strict attention to their own business, are beginning to prosper in this- land ef- liberty and equal rights. Kenator Bonth nrof'lftinm thiit itK nbnnt tinift for treaty to cease to operate. He cries, to driwa thankin puck do n,to the seashore and into the Pacific Ucean. isooth, who has learned since October 1870, that an odious end can sometimes be better attained by farad thaijfby force,, suggests a Scheme"1 for swindling the Chinese government into a modification of the treaty, so that we who" have nothing to lose gain everything, and those who have everything to lose will lose it. P. The) Silver Dollars. - , ... Washington!" Ifov. 28. Total number of standard silver dollars coined since their re monetization up to and including the 23d inst., is f 19,811,551. Of this number about ton and one-half million are in the U. S. treasury, some $4,200,000 are in the mint vaults, and the balance, a little over five millions, ufe in circulation. : , Starviiis; Indiana. 1 sNiw Twk, Nov. .29. A Times specia states that Bed Cloud's six thousand Indians are in danger of Starving, . as" their supplies cannot be transported by themselves under ten months. - " i - " '"' f Mexican Land Grant. Washington, Nov. 29-r-Secretary Schnrz in his annual reptn't draws particular atten tion to the ' necessity of providing" some, speedy way for a 6peedy settlement of the private land claims in the territory acquired from Mexico, by some method in addition to that now provided by law.; The Secretary recommends the passage of an act providing lor the appointment of a commission to hear and determine all such claims subject to an appeal to the United States courts. No law was enacted for that purpose by congress, although a bill was introduced in the Senate, which would, in the Secretary's opinion. have met the desired object. The disorders and blood shed in New Mexico during the past year are in his opinion directly tracea ble to the clashing of the interests of the grant claimants and settlers. - JfelaHhsm Battle. Cincinnati, Nov. 29. A sham battle took place yesterday at the fair grounds at Mount Gilead, Ohio-, in the presence of a large con course of titizens of that place and visitors from the surrounding country. During the war several serious injuries were inflicted and much lll-ieeling engendered. Jiush Fry ol the Levering Guards , was shot in the face. The wound is considered quite dangerous. Benj. McGowan was struck on the head with a bayonet cutting to the skull. Charged with Frand. New York, Nov. 29. Wm.! A. Potter, formerly chief supervising architect, was ar rested to-day on a warrant issued by Judge Blodgett, of the northern district of Illinois, on charges of conspiracy to defrand the gov ernment m connection with public buildings in Chicago. ( JPotter was much surprised. His bail is fixed at $5,000. Congressman Potter, his brother, became his bondsman. Examination wa 8 waived. Serlona Explosion. An explosion of gasoline used at the foot lights occurred last night at a low variety theatre on Thomas street, Baltimore. In the woman's dressing room back of the stage were seven girls, actresses, three of whom, Kate Bradley, Nellie ' Lewis and Marion Davis, were seriously burned in endeavoring to escape. t - , a. Mara Money nan. The question of the election of Garcelon, Dem., or Smith, Greenbacker, as governor of Maine by the legislature was submitted to the Maine congressional delegation, which decided iu favor of Garcelon because he is a hard money man.,' ; : ' ; J . . Evarta and the Chinese. Chicago, Nov. 29. The Tribune's Wash ington special savs: The proposition of Pa cific coast politicians to open war upon the Chinese treaty, brought up a new point in the discussion, namely: How far the posi tions assumed by Secretary Evarts tn his letter regarding the conference of the local laws of Newfoundland with the fishery pro visions of the treaty, apply to the local laws of California which are hostile to the Chinese, and in violation of the rights and protection conferred by the treaty. Pacific Coast men are not particularly pleased with the logic of Mr. Evarts position as applied to their case i i Carg ea Fire. New York, Nov. 29. The steamship Zea land, which sailed on Tuesday morning for Antwerp, returned yesterday afternoon with . . i t . i. i ner cargo on lire, wuicd was exuuguisueu. The steamer is not seriously injured. ' - Our Snvjr. ; "Washington, Nov.- 29. The secretary of the navy, in his annual report, says that since his former report, the condition ot toe navy bas been considerably improved. There are ; a commission 28 cruising ships, one steam b t and five sailinn vessels, all in condition fjr active service except the Gettysburg. There are six vessels, including one monitor, which can be made ready for sea in a few months. Besides these, there are 13 needing more extensive repairs, but all can be put in thorough condition with the present appro nriatious and those asked for the next fiscal year. In case of necessity, til war vessels of all classes, including monitors, can be put in service. " From tables contained in the report the secretary says: It will be seen that the total estimates of the last fiscal year, including the amount appropriated for deficiencies of the previous year, were i,ra, Alter ue ducins deficiencies of 1877 and 1S78, which were ?4.1rJt,478, the amount chargeable to expenditures, of the year was $13,306,914, which was $761,199 less than the actual ex- ; peiisee of the previous year, and 4,923,677 less than the expenditures, including the j deficiencies of that year, and $4,630, 4:M less than the expenditures ot tlie year ending June 30 th Excommunicated.' Nkw Yorx, Dec. 1 A resolution- excom municating Mrs. Tilton Irom Jieecner s church was adopted flast isight after the . prayer meeting.1 v " - v To be IIna;el. Dradwood. Dee. lrM. , L. Conk, tried and convicted of the mnrder of Mrs. Minnie Callison on August 30th last, was last even ing sentenced to e hung January zotn next. The court scene was very tntTeoting, ,the judge completely breaking down in passing sentence. "; ' ' ' J sriee Ktate of ASaJra. Niw York, Dec. 1. A Times' Lexington, special says reports from Breathitt county to day are still discouraging. A. man just from Jackson reports that the town is still in the hands of an armed mob and fighting between factions continues. The party, headed by Ned, Strong is in possession pt the court house and adjacent houses, and the jail is barricaded to prevent the release of the pris oners, among whom is the murderer Little, Picket firing is steadily maintained, and a number of persons have been killed and wounded. There is no abatement whatever of the disturbance, and the authorities are powerless to preserve order. Bloodshed, violence and anarchy reign supreme. Tom Little, who who was shot down while trying to quell the mob, baa since died. K Nothing has been heard' as to the probable action thef governor. i - , . leather Oae-Sided. The new legislature of South Carolina will stand thus: House, Eepuplican, 3; Demo crats, 121. Senate, Republicans, 5; Demo-J crats, 29. Last year JtM JDeniocrat rhad only one majority on joint ballot. Ha'mp torn received for governor 119,000 votes. Alt' others 213. ,: f JS SneOtai Weaaloa. " j, " New YoBKyDec. J. Democratic members of , Congress passing here for Washington, uniformly declare themselves opposed to any tractions etlorts to compel the calling of a session next March. They express, at pres ent, a disposition to pass the usual necessary biis and ito iittla else. y .. ; I The Architect Fraud. Ex-Supervising Architect Potter states that the Chicago indictment contains ho special ' accusation of fraud on his part. He sup poses the indictment is a blow at his suc cessor, Architect Hill, to whom he has transmitted the system of doing the business of the office as he himself received it from his own predecessor. Mullet. . , Governor llauaptoii Dy ins;. ' " ' CoiuMBTji, S. C, Dec. 2. It is suid to-day that the condition of Governor Wade Hamp ton, who had his leg broken A few davs ago, has become so precarious that his death is momentarily expected. Prayers for his re covery were offered in all the churches of Columbia yesterday. "LA. deep gloom "per vades the whole conunnniti,. j Jk"k Blaine'a Election Bill. Washington, Dec. 2. The following is the text of Senator Blaine's bill regarding pres ent elections: Resolved, That the judiciary committee be instructed to inquire and report to the Sen ate whether at late elections the constitutional rights of American 'citizens were violated in any of the States of the union, and whether the right of suffrage of citizens of the United btates, or of any class of such citizens was denied or abridged by the action of the elect tion officers of any state, in refusing to re ceive their, votes, in failing to count them, or in receiving and counting fraudulent bal lots, in pursuance of a conspiracy to make the lawful votes of such citizens were pre vented from exercising the elective franchise, or forced to use it against their wishes by violence or threats, or hostile demonstrations of armed men, or other organizations, or by any unlawful means or practice. Kesolved, That the judiciary committee be further instructed to inquire and report whether it is within the competency of. con gress to provide by additional legislation for a more perfect security of the right to suffrage to the citizens of the United States in all States of the Union Kesolved, That in prosecuting these in quiries the judiciary committee shall have the right to send for persona and papers. Monthly Debt Statement. The debt statement Bhowa an increase of $3,214,242. Amount of coin in Treasury, $223,54,757; currency, $14,609,826, in cluding $10,000,000 held for the redemption of certificates of deposit. $37,080,000. New York Markets. Naw Yobk, Dec. 2. The business feeling in New York may be gathered from the fol lowing special: The week having been broken by the holiday, and the weather being most of the time stormy, trade has ben. duller than usual, even for this dull period, but with prices at low water mark, and with resumption assured there is a cheerful feel-: ing among business men, w,ho look for an unwonted degree of activity during the year to come. The export movement in produce continues restricted by depressing cable ad vices from abroad. Most of the shipments being speculative ventures, as a consequence shipping and cognate interests are in a less satisfactory condition than at the none, sponding period last year. Nothwithing light export orders for wheat the market has ruled steadily, for though ' there has been some fluctuation in prices, the range to-day is substantially the same as this day week. English buyers persistently hold off for lower prices, and farmers and speculators as per sistently refuse to yield on the ground that prices are down to a point which does not leave a fair margin on the cost of production. to say nothing about the vicissicitudes of the crop season. The continental demand holds on though not so brisk as awhile back. The improved feeling noticed at the close of last week in wool is still a prominent feature. The low price at which all grades and de scriptions are offered has given rise to the belief that ruling rates rest upon a substan tial basis, and consequently there is less anxiety regarding the future. The goods market by which the raw material is almost wholly influenced, though recently showing more activity does not improve so far as val ues are concerned, but the future is hopeful. uaiiiornia grades, nothing new or interesting. Among the sales reported are 350,000 pounds Spring California at 15(S;22J'Jc;' burry ditto 16e; 4,000 pounds scoured Missouri, 57c; 4,000 pounds coarse and black Colorado, 22 (g24c and 125,000 pounds Valley Oregon and 1,500 pounds Colorado, pulled private terms. Indian Outrages. North Platte, Neb., Dec. 2. Stearns and Patterson came in from Niobrara river to-day. The Indians ran off 33 of their horses on the 28th. A second raid was made on Major .North s and toe Indians got all he had left. On Wednesday the Indians made a raid on iiirUa rancn on fnrawooo. 1-owbers gave them fight and the Indians only got four horses. : r,--i Steamboat Disaster-: New Orleans, Dec. 2. The steamer Charles Morgan has arrived from Cincinnati. Her officers report that at 4 o'clock yesterday morning a collision occured at Bnngers Point, opposite Donaldsonville, between the Morgan and the Cotton Valley, of the Ked Ittver Transportation Company's line. The Cotton Valley sank: 20 lives lost: boat and carsro s total loss. Thn Cotton Valley left here yes terday for Red river with a full assorted cargo and a number ot passengers, tv ben the col lision occurred the wind was blowing a gale and rain was falling in torrents. The Morgan was coming down ana the v alley going up. The boats were rounding a point. The officers of each boat, seeing the dancer of collision. stopped the machinery, but the force of the wind and the headway of the Morgan was so great that her guards strnck the alley with tenttic torce, causing too latter to sink is tit- teen, minutes. ; ibe Valley was valued at $18,000 an! insured for '$10,000. Her cargo was valued at $a,uuu; insurance unknown. t t, r ''A Border Kaid, '" Fort McKinnet, Wy., Dec. 2. Trabina's ranch, at Traburg City, on Crazy Woman's creek, Ss miles north of this point, was en tered by five masked men on the 29th ult They' gave the command," "Throw up your bauds, which was obeyed," and then went through the pockets of the employes and took what they wanted from the store. A man by the name of Gates lately sent gas shares down about 12 per cent, in Cork by proposing to light up the whole harbor for 5,000, and maintain four great electric lamps at 4d an hour for each, lamp. ; FOREIGN SEWS. A Diplomatic rarnpaign. ' - . PjTH.Npv. 28. A dispatch to thePesther Lloyds from Berlin says Russia is about to begin a diplomatic campaignwith England in relation to Afghanistan. v - . ' . Afghs ., itussia Will so to War. LojfrxK, iKoV -2S.-Th Times hasCthe following dispatch from Berlin. A corres pondent of the Vienna semi official political correspondence says Russia has. announced her intention of actively supporting the! Ameer in the event of England occupying panvjgajinj in M Afghanistan fromi which Bs- biuu uuuiuiuu iu iuu uiigni ue eneciuauy threatened. This announcement it based upon the assertion Tthat England has violated the alleged A(ghangreen)ent of Lord Clar endon, by the occupation of Quettah. The intention of Russia, to interfere iaAfghanis tan is apparently" confirmed by the Moscow Gazette declaring intervention indispensible now that the .'occupation of Quettuh has been succeeded by un expedition in the di rection of Candahar and Herut. At their Old Game. . A dispatch from Sophia reports the Turk ish radits and - Circassians sacked: 1,200 houses in Melnik district in Macedonia on the 8th inst. and massacred the inhabitants without distinction of age or sex. r Another 1'lg-bt. A London correspondent with the Khurum column telegraphs as follows: "We. will probably attack Pei war Pass on Saturday. A reconnaissance on' Wednesday showed that the Afghanis who abandoned Khurum Pass were, so far without success1, endeavoring to mount cannon on the summit of Peiwar. The British troops consequently made a dash hoping to capture the cannon and the pass: All the sick and weakly will remain in Khurum fort,," ' ,':..,.-;-' i-j- j Casus Belli. ' ' '-' i A Berlin correspondent confirms the re port that General Kaufman's speech un pre senting a sword to the Ameer's envoy at Tashuand has become a subject of communi cation from England to Russia. Bismarck) Kefuntal. ' A Paris correspondent represents that the Czar's recent disavowal of a policy infring ing on the treaty of Berlin is due to Prince Bismarck'f , refusal . to permit a nullification of 4 treaty with which he is closely connect ed. Russia sounded him to ascertain wheth er he would not give her carte blanche 4n the east, provided Count Schouvaloff was raised to office. ' In consequence of Prince Bismarck's refusal the scheme for Schouva loff 8 promotion has been abandoned, at least for the present. Turkish Loaus. ' A dispatch from Constantinople nay it is stated that the British government will effi ciently assist in the negotiation of the forth coming Turkish loans." Death Sentence. . Madrid, Nov, 29. The supreme tribunal has condemned Moncasi to death. An ap peal will now be carried to the court of ces sation. An Easy Victory. 1 London, Nov. 29. Khurum was occupied by British troops this morning. The Afghan garrison fled to Peyward at the northern ex tremity of Khurum valley, where they are expected to offer resistance to further ad vance of General Roberts. Murder and Robbery. A dispatch from Dakka says that roads through the Khurd Khyber pass are insecure, because . of native plunderers. Robberies are frequent and there have been many mur ders. Three hundred members of one tribe near Ali Musjid threw up entrenchments and maintained a three hours' mubketry engage ment. ' Russian Revenues. The Russian budget for 1877 shows that the revenues have been 549,000,000 roubles and expenditures 1,014,000,000 roubles, nearly half of which was on the army. - Afghan-British Correspondence, Los don "Nov. 89.- Official correspondence in regard to Afghanistan from 1855 to the present time is published. It covers 250 pages. The ameer's letter in reply to Lord Lytton's request for the reception of Sir Neville Chamberlain's mission, complains that before the viceroy's letter was read or his messenger had audience, other letters had reached the ameer from the commissioner at Peahawaur to the commandant of Ali Musjid written threatening and containing hard words, repugnant to courtesy, and iu a tone contrary to the ways of friendship and inter course. Considering his (the ameer 8) afflic tions at the time, patience and silence would have beeu especially becoming in the officials of the British Government. The officials of the opposite government (meaning Russia) have in no respect desired to show enmity or opposition toward the British Government, nor indeed do they with any other power, without cause or reason, shows animosity to ward this government, the matter is left in the hands of God and to His will. 1 Ninllb, Fleming- dc Co. Au approximate statement of the affairs of the firm of Smith, Fleming A Co., of Loudon, whose liabilities were announced on October 3d, shows gross liabilities to be $14,557,425, but only $8, 132,975 of this is expected to rank against the estate. Ibe assets are $l,426,9Iu. Another Commercial mash. Glasoow, Nov. 29. The failure of Henry Taylor A Sons,' grain and flour merchants, is announced. .Liabilities, $b,500,000. VV liliam Taylor is an imprisoned director of the City of Glasgow Bank and is a senior partner of the urn. Htrinicent Measures. Berlis, Nov. 29. An order of the Prus sian ministry of state is published that per sons considered dangerous may be denied the right ot residing in Uerliu or its suburbs. Carrying arms is denied except by persons witn special permits, and tbe sale ot explosive projectiles is prohibited. The order takes effect November 29th and remains in force one year. 3 all .TiaKcr win strike London, Nov. 29th. Staffordshire nail makers have given notice of their intention to strike on Saturday unless the masters dispense with all out-door hands, who are very numer ous, and make nails at home during the inter vals ot regular employment. A Hlngalar Fraad. Lady Annie Louise Gooch, who was arrested on a charge of attempting to pass off a spun oils child! as the heir oi her. husband. Sir Francis Gooch, has been committed for trial. Fenians to be Liberated. O'Connor, a convicted Fenian, confined at Spike Island, has been notified that he will be released iifhnediately on condition that he re- aides outside of the Queen s dominion. Kelly, another Fenian, will probably shortly be lib erated on tbe same terms. ; Dissolution'.. .". : London, Dec. 2. It is rumored that Par liam en t, after a brief session, will be dis solved and a general election held in Jan- nary, Gladstone Makes a Speech. Gladstone, in a speech at Greenwich, in veighed against personal governments. He reproached the government for not commu nicating anything to Parliament relative to Afghan affairs and the question of undine mission to CabuL War had been declared and an invasion begun, before Parliament was convoked. Parliament, formerly the grana eouncu oi tne nation, now resembles the Parliament of France before the revolu tion. He solemlny warns the British people not to abandon tia " principles of liberty which made its happiness. Speaking of the Afghan war, he declared the money spent therein was a dishonor to England, and that her responsibilities will bat commence with her victory. Lady MabetVs words. "Here is smell of blood, " are still a powerful perora tion, and unjust wars led to national down fall. "I. " . 7 Inevitable.-' Pesth, Dec. 1. In committee to-day 3quut Andrussy said that the occupation of Bosnia became inevitable unless Austria in tended to abdicate the position of, a great power. tC-rJ' , Grand .Reception; 1?bi,in, Dec, 2. Preparations on a grand scale are making for the reception of the Emperor on Thursday next. Bismarck will remain in the country, his physician advis ing perfect rest. K f J " Z ' f r It in reported that Skofeelpff will be present at the reception of the Emperor.. w England and Russia. London, Dec. 2. Official correspondence between England and Russia relative to Cen tral Asia is i, published,. M. Voulsiers, assis tant minister of foreign affairs, on July 3, 1878. informed Lord Augustus Ixiftus. Brit ish ambassador at St. Petersburg, that neither the Russian government or Gen. Kaufman as ever sent, or intended to send, a represen tative to CabuL He subsequently said it was possible that Uen. Kaufman misht have sent a utter, and he gave assurance of a stoimatre of all military aud political precautions which were taken against England when her relat ions witn trie .Russians ware strained, i On . Aug. 19tli,' Lord Salisbury being-informed tif the roach of Russian troops to the' frontier of Afghanistan, and of the reception of a Russian mission by the ameer, expressed a hope that the mission would be immediately recalled. Russia, in the course of communications iu St. 'etersbiirg, declared that the minister of for eign affairs was ignorant of the mission which bad been sent "by Gen." Kaufman on his own responsibility. England replied that even if tne minister of foreign affairs was respon sible. M. Voulsiers writes under date of Sep. 9th that Russian disiiositiou in Central Asia had been affected by the relations between ngland and Russia during the late eastern crisis, but those dispositions are now the same as formerly, and not of a nature to excite the suspicious of England. Forces at Khyber Pass. Lahorf, Dec. 2, Mayor Cavagnari officially reports all quiet in the upper part of Khyber pass, and he hopes to soon disperse the band collected in the lower part. Many members of the band have already left. Later,-Another strongly escorted convoy has been attacked. Its assailants were, how evor, driven back, and it is believed that the convoy has arrived at Ali Musjid. It was re ported that the ameer hail considerably rein forced the troops at Jellalabad. ..The viceroy. however, telegraphed a report that the treas ure aud ammunition had been withdrawu from that city. ... Russia and Turkish Occupation. Constantinople, Dec 2. Prince Labanoff as informed Savet Pasha that tbe Russians will evacuate Bulgaria and Uoumelia con formably with the treaty of Berlin, but that she will continue to hold Adrianople ana brace pending the porte's acceptance of a etiuite treaty. Austria and the Provinces. Pesth, Dec. 2. In the budget committee f the Austrian delegation, Count Andrassy, replying to questions, said that the occupa tion of Bosnia and Herzegovina would cease when the object was accomplished, and when Turkey had reimbursed the outlay which was incurred aud guaranteed a future orderly overnment of the provinces. Austria's mis sion could only be altered by unanimous de cision of the powers. The committee there- pon adopted the estimates ot tbe foreign of fice, thus closing the conflict between the gov ernment and the delegation. Franco-American Meeting:. Paris, Dec. 2. A Franco-American meet ing was Held yesterday in tne circus ot tbe Champs Elysees. Prof. LaBoulaye, M. Oscar lleLatayette, Gov. l'entou, Minister Aoyes aud the secretary of the American Iegatiou were present. Senator Foucher De Cariel presided aud read a letter, from DeBovt, the minister of commerce, regretting that he was unable to occupy the chair, and declaring that he would always sympathize with all efforts to raw closer the bonds of friendship between the two great republics of the world. , The chairman in the course of his remarks said : "The Americans are our seniors in the prac tice of liberties, but lack one most precious gift, namely liberty ot commerce. Internal lonalistN to be Expelled. Madrid, Dec. 2. The council of ministers decided to expel all foreigners belonging to the International Society from Spain. ' PACIFIC 0 AST. Another Fire. Sacramento, Nov. 28. A fire occurred at 4 o'clock this morning in the planing mill of Taft, Tottman & i arnsworth, on L street. just south of xifth. One quarter of the block was burned. JLne property destroyed was mostly wooden and old buildings, und but two valuable houses suffered. The loss will aggregate about $18,000. Stolen Property Found. San Fbancisco, Nov. 29. A big sensation was made by the police yesterday in the cap ture by Detective Roger of a number of rare paintings, stolen 10 years ago from a con vent iu Mexico, and said to be valued at half a million dollars, in which is one by Raphael and several by Murrilo. ; They were brought from a convent in Spain in 1721.' They were found here at the Brooklyn Hotel, hav ing been put in charge of the people by a man named Cahalin. They are at the po lice headquarters where they were examined by experts who say they are rare and old, but not Raphael's or Murrilo's. ' Stabbing Affray. James O'Donnel was arrested on Davis street this morning for b tabbing John Mason in the back during a quarrel last night. , Boiler Explosion. Uniontows, Pa., Nov. 29.--A boiler ex plosion occurred near Dunbar last evening by which Richard Evans, Dan Gatrisou and J. J. Miller were instantly killed, Jos.Vayon mortally, and ten others seriously injured. Most of these men were on tbe roof of the boiler house helping to erect a new stack when the explosion occurred. ' A Charge of Favoritism. : Saw Fbancisco, Nov. 29. Our daily papers this morning charge that favoritism is shown in the examination of applicants by the city board for positions as teachers. Lists, of questions are prepared in the office of the State Superintendent and forwarded to County Su perintendents securely sealed, and the charge is these questions are given (o some applicants in advance and as a proof this morning's papers published the questions to be asked to-day trhich tbe say the County Superintendents vbll find to be correct when they open their tealed envelopes, in .the presence of the ex ining boards. Murdered I y a Chinaman.: ; Mastsvuxb, De 1. A horrible murder occurred at Marysv e Park about 3 o'clock yesterday morning j John McDaniel, famil- tariy Known as key" McDaniel, found a Chinaman, name Ah Ben, burglarizing his premises. Whet alarmed the Chinaman attacked McDtniel krith a poniard, cutting and slashing him is a terrible manner and kiUing him almost instantly. McDaniel's wife assisted her husband. She and a China cook secured the Chnaman, tying his hands and feet; until wor. could be sent to the police station. When the officers went to the scene of the -murder the .poniard was found, in McDaniel's hand, and as the Chi naman has a cut in the left ann the suppo sition is that the; wounded man wrenched the instrument from the murderer's hand and used it in his own' defense. . Tbe China man is also bruised about the face, and head, showing a severe struggle. Deceased is a member of the Masonic order, and is an old and well known resident. He leaves a large family of small children. Great excitement is manifested as thj murder becomes known. ;?'": , i i r sand Lot Meeting-. y f' , i . Saji Francisco, Dec. 2. There was an immense gathering at the sand lot yesterday, estimated at from six to eight thousand. Kearney presided, and he reviewed his east ern tour, tbe Butler campaign, interviews with the President, etc. ' He fluid Hayes is a nice, little gentleman, except he is owned by political thieves and , hadn't the backbone enough to give a direct answer. " He believed he had sown seed in Massachusetts that will be heard from. He had broken old cliques aud nine-tenths of the workingmen's candi dates were, elected. He then pitched into our City officials and said our Constitutional Convention was founded in a swindle and would end in a farce. If worgingmen don't get what we want we will vote it down at the polls as we will have the majority in : the State by that time, . : . ; Committee Reported The Amalgamated Trades-Unions met yes terday at Redmen's hall. The committee appointed to wait on Horace Davis to enlist his assistance in Congress cn rectifying cer tain abuses, reported their interview very agreeable.) Notice of mismanagement in the Mare Island navy yard government contracts, etc., were presented to our Representative, who promised, his support to reform these evils. ' ' .-; Kulclde. . - ... . . . John Ponnette, a cook, native of Switzer land, aged 30, supposed to have suicided at lodging 132 Pacific street last night. Dis heartened by unsuccessful search for work is the cause. Teacher's Certificates. The inquiry into properly obtained exam ination papers is proceeding and has un earthed startling facts. It has been going on for 13 years and was a handsome source of revenue to certain officials. .The original thief is a mystery, but will soon be devel oped. The whole department .is demoral ized and needs reconstruction from the head down. Hundreds of teachers who obtained their place by fraud ought to be dismissed.v This looseness has been known by the pub lic for years. Some of the county boards of examiners' have refused to recognize Super intendent Carr's right to adjourn their meet ings, and will not meet Wednesday week. Carr will treat as illegal all certificates issued upon the late examinations, and will reiuse payment of funds on warrants based upon them in the examinations of Merced county. One of the : applicants boasted a week pre viously that he had a list of questions pre pared by the State Board. The Alameda couuty board substituted new questions, and some forty-two ladies and three gentlemen candidates were examined on Friday. The legibility of these certificates wilLbe claimed, producing new complications, It is charged by the school authorities that postoffice officials tampered with them while in transit. ; Drowned, San Fbancisco, Dec. 2 The body of Ed ward McLaughlin, an Irish laborer, was found in the bay near the Mail dock this morning, with a bottle of whisky in his pocket. He had been missing since Novem ber. Accidental Death. John Benahue, a native of Ireland and a laborer on the new city hall, fell from a scaffold on Thursday and died from his in juries last night. 1 The Suicide. Chas. : A. Bauer, a wine end liquor mer chant, doing business on Mission street, op posite the Mechanics' pavilion, cut his throat last Friday three times with a razor, from the effect of which he died last evening. The deceased was a native of Germany and about 40 years of age and leaves a wife and several children. He was in good financial condi tion, and the cause of the suicide is a mys tery.. :- . -., Rnn Over and Killed. , Virginia, Dec. 2. A three year old child playing on the railroad track at the Merri- mac mill, near Curson, was run over and killed this afternoon. Its head was cut off Cold 'Weather. Reports from the interior show that the past week has been one of unusual severity for frosts. - Strawberries and greenhouse plants are blighted. The days have been remarkably pleasant and the nights cold. ' Died. Duvercer. who shot himself, died yester day. The Coroner's jury rendered a verdict of suicide. He left a letter to his mother as? ing her pardon, and stating that his suf ferings were homesickness. SAX FRAXCISCO PRODL'CE MARKET; RKPORTKD BT TKLKORArH SPKCIA1.LT FOK THIS rAPKR IT 1. B. FARIKII, CUMHKKCIAL AQK.VT, PORTLAND, OSX. ! Sax Krascisco, December S, 1879. WHEAT Sales California fair tn onnA mining at 91 . fto sales round lots shipping to-day. Holders not inclined sell. Market firm. . " FLOUR Unchanged. ' ' BARLEY Feed sales at 85cf34l OS. OATS Feed irood to ehoim and fVim' to extra choice unchanged. We quote same as beiore. RICE China mixed, weak, $5 OOffiS 10 POTATOES California now firm. De cline probably checked. Demand better and stocks reduced. Sweets, $2 00. ONIONS Easier at $3 00. Utah infe rior at $2 00. BUTTER Firm. :- EGGS Unchanged and weak. . HOPS Unimproved. ; PROVISIONS Weak and tending lower. Country and grocery demand light. Buyen holding off .hoping to obtain concessions. Pears and apples receints ex Rennhlir unsold. Some lots were wretchedly packed anu greauy mjureu in transit. .EiX-uoiigressman Vance, of Uhio. is still an inmate of an insane asylum, but at last accounts was considerably better, His friends hope that he will soon b discharged free from his mental in firmity. ' - - ' . . Romances of the genuine old fashioned kind are not yet altogether extinct , A Dublin paper tells the story wf au elope-' mens oi the young daughter of a retired Major near Cork with her father's f room, a straDDins vounsr conntrvman The girl was only 1 7 years old, and stole irom ner room, at night and fled . with her lover. Tlie-TirerewWlmHled a ay r wo after, and the girl was sent to prison "for a fortnight, while ' the young Lothario was discharged and sent packing. ,; It doesn't appear that there was , any rnarriage, and . there was , cer tainly-4 no reconciliation . and . internal blessing, to the romance is hardly com- pierce. . FORTY-FIFTH CONGRESS. Senate. 1 f Washington, Dec. 2. The, Senate assembled at 12 M. , : - ' Anthony and Bayard were appointed, a committee to join the Hrnse committee and notify the president that Congress had as sembled. "" : ; - Bills laid on the-table pending the ap pointment of committees: : By Beck To provide for - retiring the trade dollar and for its coinage into standard silver dollars also, to , authorize the ' pur chase of foreign built : ships by citizens of the United States. ' , The vice president laid before the" Senate the credentials- of Hon. Justin S. Morrill, elected U.. S.' senator from Vermont for six years, from March 4, 1879; read and placed on file." ' ; 1 : , s ' ' The only senators absent to-day were Bar- nurn, Uockrell, Conkung, Gordon, Hoar, Jones of Nevada, Keruau, Ht-rriman, Patter son, Plumb, Sargent, Sharon, Speneer and White. . " " -. By Voovhees A resolution , instructing the committee on finance to inquire into the expediency of making the trade dollar a le gal tender for all debts, public and private, and for providing for its recoinage into the standard silver dollurs of 413 grains. By Blaine A resolution instructing the judiciary committee to report to the' Senate whether at the recent elections the constitu tional rights of any citizens were violated in any State, and what further legislation is necessary to protect the citizens in their con stitution rights, etc. Recess. Upon reassembling the message of the president was received and read. The read ing concluded, the message was laid on the table and ordered printed. Adjourned. ' ' Hontte. ; The House galleries to-day contained the customary crowd at the opening of a session of Congress. At noon Speaker Randall rapped the House to order, when tbe chap lain made a prayer and the roll was called. Ibe roll called Hhowed 229 members pres ent, j : Two new members. Bailey and Rogers, then took the ironclad oath. A committee was appointed to inform the president that Congress was in session. Alter recess the president s message was received from private secretary Rogers and read. . , : When the reading of the mcssBce was ended, Wood, of New. York rose and moved that it be referred to a committee of the whole! House and ordered printed. ' But first he desired to make some comments tipon it. Although as a whole the document : was highly satisfactory, yet there were some ref erences in it which should be met at the ear liest practicable moment. He 'referred to that part relating to the Southern States. He (Wood) f ailed to see what the president saw any disposition . in the South to avoid or annul in any decree the constitutional amendments. He failed to see any indica tion in the south of unwillingness to live in entire amity with the whole, country iu re gard to laws, or to obey the government. He regretted that the president, who had commenced his administration with such a noble and patriotic position as against the military aespotism exercised by his prede cessor, should now indicate a change of pol icy. He knew there was a wing .of the Republican party dissatisfied with that position, and it had been a matter of interest to the whole country to know whether the president . wonld : continu ously maintain his attitude.' While the President expressed hiH views in very mild and very decorous language, yet he indicated quite clearly that the condition of things in the South was not satisfactory to him. The President had referred especially to the elec tion in South Carolina and Louisiana. He had been able to single out two States and only two solitary.instances in these States. That was an indication of vacillation on the part of the executive, and was only because it was such an indication that he (Wood) felt it his duty to declare that there was no foundation for: the allegation of wrong by the South. It was to be regretted that while the President's eyes were open to' theJ Congressional elections in the South, they were closed to what occurred in the city of New York on the 5th of November. Garfield characterized- it as very unusual to interrupt the ordinary form of proceeding by debating any suggestions of the message. The exact language of that part of the mes sage with which the gentleman found fault, was not, in his mind, but the language was very plain invited to these things from careful reading of the papers, he believed considerable disturbances ih the South, not ably, open intimidation in South Carolina. His was a charge thrown broadcast over the land, and a Congress, so noted for investiga tion as this one should investigate it. A motion to refer and print the message was agreed to. - - I be military academy and fortification ap propriation bills were reported and notice of early action given. . Adjourned. j Drowning n Harem. An incident illustrating the amenities of Oriental life is thus related by the London Truth : "I wonder howjuiany men on board our fleet in the sea of Marmora are aware that at the back of Prince s Island, not seventy years ago, the whole harem of the. Sultan Selim was drowned, to the number o" 300. The said Selim had been murdered by his nephew, Moustapha, who in turn was murdered by his brother Malimoud This last was much attached to las uncle Selim, and he suspected that the women had. aided m his uncle's murder, or at all events, had made uo effort to save his lire. JM any of them were quite young, .- and the harem included both rrench, Italian and German girls. Ac cording to the orders of the ferocious barbarian, each one of them was tied up in a sacs:, ana tlie next morning at day break they were embarked in Iwirges from 'the quay of the seraglio, and taken by the eunuchs to the place appointed, where" they were successively thrown into the sea. Their screams were heard miles away, and some not only got out of the sacks, but threw themselves into the water and endeavored to swim ashore. They were overtaken by the guards anil were killed either by being run tiown or by beaten on the head with heavy oara.w . ' A e w, Yorkers are already talking about au international exhibition in that city in 1889, the centennial of the estab lkhment of constitutional government in the United States. ; ; I : " There is in- Galveston, Texas, an old, gray-haired Irishman, who was nee a professor of ancient,1 languages and applied sciences in the University of Virginia. He is thorough in Semitic and Sanskrit . He is so poor that Jhe earns , pre3udpuaj living by selling apples. . ... . i Mexicothe Great Popocatepetl. . Another of Mexico's wonders is the lofty, volcano that lifts its snow-clad peak 1,000 feet into the cold air. - To pronounce the 4 Indian name of this grandold .giaiit, one must take breath, before starting l6ratepetl7, , which, in 'our ' simple English, means "the smoking. flaTrrircr mountain." I have stood on the loftiest peak of this moun tain, and looked down upon the City of Mexico, embedded Binidst its silvery lakes, . on one side, upon Puebla on -another, and "upoTt the distant Orizaba on a third, through an atmosphere so lure that the blood oozed from our ears, our' noses, ' and even- from the eyes of some of our party. Ai times, the clouds' are way i below you, and at others ; they .envelop y.ou as in an im jienetrable veil, f and again 'not .a cloud may be seen, only an immense dome . Over head the most impressive idea of boundless space I, have .ever seen. I have been down the crater of this won derful volcano-a thousand feet deep, and fifteen' hundred feet wide; amidst never-ceasing smoke, fire and . sulphur. One goes springing down from rock to rock, until the hot ;indy ' sides are reached. There! you5 'will find, a wind-" lass with a long rope which lowers you down to the :bed of the crater where the. Indians are busy gathering the sulphur. As you. bend to look at the beautiful sample your guide shows you, you suddenly hear the roar of 10,000 batteries of... artillery that makes you as pale as death. Quick as thought the Indian pulls ' you roughly by the arm and crowds you behind a boulder, while the huge landslip .'rushes past you; and the same may happen several times dur ing one visit Again with rattling of loudest thmiders down comes one of the very, same huge boulders, upon which but half an . hour ago you stood, and as you jirn lp to clear its track, your foot cracks the thin surface that covers the lake of burning sulphur beneath, and your Indian shouts lustily as he pulls you from perdition. One lias to be all the time" 'dodging' here,' dodging there, now enveloped in smoke, now choking with the fumes of sulphur, and again scorched by the jetting flames that spring up here and spring up there, like a myriad of fieiy demons reaching forth to drag you; to their hell-home. This may possibly be the entrance to that mysterious region, the existence of which the eloquent Bob ; Ihgersoll does not believe in, au'l ifc 15 certainly worthy of a visit by him. Once again safe on the peak above, you may sit oil 'the edge of the crater, with one leg in the cold region and the other in the perpetual fires below. The ascent of this lofty peak occupies, from he snow, line, some six or seven hours say about five thousand feet up au angle oF little less than forty-five degrees. . The Indian guide ahead and you follow, alpenstock in hand, carefully putting your feet in the little steps he cuts in the snow. Every ten "minutes at most you have to rest for breath i Once on the summit, its view, its grandeur, is simply impossible to be de scribed, and you can but stand in mute wonder, gazing upon the wee world be low you, and the immensity of space around, above you. ' Then when you, have ; looked and Wendered your till, now for the descent x our Indian guide sits on a little mat, six feet long, two feet wide, with his heels well in the snow, and a stick le tween his knees. The stick and heel pressed into the snow hold him firmly in his position. You then sit down be hind him, throw your legs around his body and over his outstretched thighs, and clasp him tightly about the chest with your arms. Another places him self in the same position behind you, and more yet, until fourjjr five ar in place. Slowly, cautiously, he starts sliding downward for a hundred yank, gradually gaining velocity. Then, with a suddenness that startles, he shouts "cuidado vamonos V (look; we are go ing !) and away you tiy over the snow; down, down, as if you would never stop this side of the other world. Within fifty yards of the snow-line, the Indian dips poll and heels gradually into the snow, and exactly where the snow ends and the , sands begins, there you stop. .. "' '.."'' '-.-..' -' - Those five thousand feet, you descend in about five minutes. But the Indian guides so thoroughly know their work that there is not the remotest danger iu visiting Pofiocatepetl, and if the visitor has the good fortune to meet the pro prietor of, this sulphur mine, the gallant Gen. Sangez Ochoa, Chief of Mexico's Engineer Corps, then his visit will be made a pleasant one, one long to be re membered bv the traveler. A Cool Debtor. A St Catherines merchant received a dispatch from one of his Thorold customers, saying : "Come-up. Want, to see you." As the man owed him a considerable sum he obeyed, the summons with alacrity. On arriving at Thorold he found Ids man in a ' tavern, somewhat the worse for liquor. 4"Wcll," said the Saint, "what do. you want me iorf "Oh," replied tlie Sinner, "just1 to see you haven't . seen - you before for a good while take rathin 1" The Saint did not know, what to make of itbut even tually said, "Ijliear you have sold out" "Yes," said the poor debtor, "that's a fact ?' I've sold out and given the money to .the old woman; and ,1 say, Jim, 1 guess the. old .woman means to beat you out of that money." The creditor went back to St Catherines very mad. , The quantity of ash left by a ton of wheat straw is sometimes as much as 330 pounds, and by a ton of oat straw as much as 200 pounds, though not gen erally more than 120 in each case.