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I m is issitzd , Saturday Motntng- -by-: JOHN W. KELLY, publisher. fa a.. at l" li- ... w . i-i I-:-.--- caxiM 1b:il :, And ol H I . il h Irl iH I Wl M l IH J r --S5- .. ... . .. ft a ., .... I Tliraa aSaat'au Tbaa are the tarm for tho-e- iv ;w- In ! vaaea. Tn IwDaraatDairr off- m So- inluce ments to advenlaera. Terms mHn..e. r. MULL, Watchmaker and Jeweler, OAKLAMD, ',.,-- - OKKUOS Ottu in Dr. Page Drug Store. Caii.niville ilolel, iutoFiuiaTOH D. A. laKYlXri, HATIX'J KKTEXTLY PEUCHABED THE Cauvoiiri If tlotel, I am now prepared to ftrnith tratelrra wi;h (lie beat oi accommodations. Fwd and aUliliu: i.t auk. j I. A. LEVIJiS. JAB TH0RKTOS. jcob waoxeS. B. X. AXDEBSOW Ashland Woolen Manufacturing Company, . ... , Manufacturers and tealers in WMt3 Colored Blankets Plate rw) Fanry (ubnrrn, DoeaMaa, v Flaauaala, Blti. alma, OYER AND UNDERWEAR CLOTHING Marie to Order. v W. IT. ATKINSON, Neoy ASHLA5D. Jackson County, Oregon. H. STANTON, Dealer in Staple Dry ; Goods I Keep constantly on hand a general asaort ment of j EXTRA FINE GROCERIES, WOOD, WILLOW ASD: LA88WARE, ALSO Crockery and j Cordage A full stock or JOIIOOIV B O O K 8 Saab aa required by the Public County Schools AU klad af STATIONERY", TOTS and PAStCT ARTICLES To iuit both Young and Old. BUYS AND SELLS' LEGAL TENDERS furnishes Cheek on Portland, and procure Drafla on Ban Franoiaeo. MAHONEY'S 8ALOON Keanet to the Railroad Depot, Oakland Jaa. Mahoner Prop'r. Tha-ftneat of wiaea, liqaor and cigar in DoWf iaa eoonrr, saain pass BIIIiIABD hi tasStats ksptta propar rspsln farUs traveling on the railroad wffl And tail Bases Terr bandy w yarn oaring in awp-. .vingrt th train a the Oak land, Daps. Giv me aealL JAA, iaAnOJiAI. JOHN FRASER, Haie-PMnitiire, ery, bprtng Mattrasses, cic, . CpnttantlT on hand. FURKITUR. I aa-ve tne feast atoek af lurnitur aoatb of Portland And all of my own manufacture. No two Prices to Customers Reeidenta of Dougla county are reqaoated to giro me a call belore jmrcnaamg euewnere. ALL. WORK WARRANTED. ifca DEPOT HOTEL- r ajUrUJTD, - - j . ORKtiOBr. TH chard Thomaa, Prop'r, fTiHia HOTEL HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED ' forBmlrot year, and ha become Tery pealar wttAtnatraTaiusgpabue. nm-atm SLKkfMNa ACOOMMODAT IONS. Aid the table (applied with the best the mtrM anorda. Hotel at the depot of the Kailroaa. Fiinilture ; Store ! t JOHN GILDER8LEVE HAVnrO PCRCHASED THE FURNI tara Etabliahmeat of John Lehnlierr, il now prrpared to do any work in the UPHOLSTERING LINE. . - Ha fa also prepared to ftirniih J - In all atyle,of the beat macu&ctura,aud cheaper ' than the cheapest. His Chair, Xable. - , BnroauH, Bedtiteadt, ; Waahstandjt, ETC.. ETC.. ... ETC. Are of superior make, and for low ewt eanooi be equalled in the State. The Finest of Spring Beds ; And 0i Most Complete ; ?ofias Always on hand. Ererything in na line for n'ihl, of the beat quality, on tha ahorteet notice and at the lowest rates. COFFINS MADC AMD TRIMMtD. And orders filled cheaper and better than can any other establishment. , ' - -I Deairinj a share of public patronage, tha an . dersicneri promiaea to oner extra inducement to all patrons. Gire me a triaL JOHN GILDERS LEVE, L-OtlTe li UKRF.HY U1VKN Ti WHOM It s7 aMftOTin llul the iift'!rtcaoriliN4 kra MwaraM laMiMfttfact Air km-pi ig tlie Duug!s Cuuaty fu)n hr trrit4 f two year. All ejarvMa In aa.4 rf atfam tnnt i-l county saaat (rat pmmrsa mrtttU i- h that ttVd truia uy atnbar of the Cousty Ji-rd od preaent it 4 one at the tMlowing naiiied persona, who are aathariaad toaad wilt care for thoac prarenting SMk aartifleaiea: Button A Perkins, ItuaabnrK; L. L. tallogg, Oakland; atrs. Brown, Looking Olaaa, Dr. Wood ruff ia anthoriied to fumian aa ait Wal aid to all nenons in need of the same and was bare aaen declared ; pauper of Douelai Caanty, ' W.B.CLARK i - - . ( all mm of ekvr quality ALL ORDSRS ? J'rotnptly attended to and Goods shipn-v 1 . - ' , Zwith care, , Address, ' " Baeheney k Ben, Tar. t1Ul,aN uuiiuiaua j Portland, Oregea. VOL. 5. POPULAR SCIENCE. Dr. Beoiaocin Ward Riohardaon. who is given to somewhat hasty and wide gent erulizationa on insufficiently isolated, imperfectly observed, and very few in stances, has this to say about oases in which persons have lived a long time in water; "The facta of. these uxamrjlea. painful as they are, are not without their use. iney udioate that.- water beina admitted into the body, life may go on for periods far beyond any that might be expected, and they expose altogether the fallacy about the value of alcohol, when, with large quantities of water, it has been administered aa a supposed life sustaining food.' - Unfortunately for Dr. Richardson 'f conclusion, at the end of the recent alleged instance of a forty day fast in New York, although no alco hol was ' used while the . devitalizing process was going on, the person who is said to have totally- abstained from' food other than water and carbonic acid for so long a time took not a little, but a great deal of wine for his stomach's sake and for hi complete restoration to health. M. Marcel Duprea has ' just brought out, says 5TA Aoore, a new electrio motor in which a piston of soft iron is attracted up and down in a hollow cylin drical electro-magnetic coil with a motion like that of an ordinary steam engine piston. The main principle is not new, and it has been utilized by other inven tors. but. unlike, the other : practical attempts to embody-it, there 'is no re- veraiou or raierrupuoB oi sne nragneusiB of the soft iron core or piston of the Duprez machine. This improvement has been effected ' by dividing the solenoidal coil into sections, like the separate coils of the ring armature of the Gramme machine, . the current i being thus transmitted first to one part of the cylindrical coil and then to another. The commutator which distributes the current successively to the various sec tions is worked by an eccentrio on the shaft of the fly-wheel in the usual way, but tne lead does not require to be so much as a quarter revolution.' ' M. Jansen communioated the follow ing note to the .t rench Academy of Sciences on July ft (Gompte Jtendus, No. 1, 1880) : By pursuing the method of reversing images by prolonged exposure. which I announced to the Academy at its last session but one, it seems to me that we may succeed in obtaining a pho tograph of the chromoscope. The lumi nous solar action mut be continued long enough to become positive to the borders without going beyond them. The chro mosphere then appears in the form of a black circle, the diameter of which cor responds to eight seconds or ten seconds. 1 have compared, positive and negative solar photographs obtained the same day with the same instrument, and the mea sure of the diameters show that the black circle in question is clearly outside the disk oi the sun. ; ; 'rJ G. LeBow and G. Noel find the smoke of tobacco contains hydrocyanic acid, an alkaloid as poisonous as nicotine, and various aromatic principles. The alkaloid has a pteasant odor, but it is dangerous to inhale, and it has proved fatal to animals in doses of about the twentieth of a drop. They consider it identical with collidme, the existence of which has been traced in the products of the destructive distillation of several organic substances. A new torpedo-boat, bnilt in England for the Italian Government, is mainly constructed : after the Laghtning type. Its chief peculiarity is the arrangement of its two funnels. They are placed well aft, and can be lowered so as to discharge the smoke and sparks on the water, thus greatly lessening the probability of being discovered by a vessel about to be at tacked. The difference of the intensitv of two lights is better observed when they are burning near each other at the same time than when they are exhibited in succession, because, as Mr. Charpentier notes, the differential sensation of the eye is seven to eight times stronger in the latter case than in the former, in which it is not more than 1 -100th part. It is estimated that the coal fields of India extend over an area .of 35,000 square miles. Some of the seams are 100, 120 and 160 feet thick. Mr. Oldham believes there are not less than 20,000, tons of coal in that Empire. " Airrs. There Is one way, and only one, of ridding the house, closets, eake-pails, sugar-barrels, etc., of red ants Or black, big or little. When you find them on the premises, get ready a tea-kettle of boiling water plenty of it. Go out of doors, look carefully all over the paths and walks if in the country ; if in the City, look over the flagging in the areas, both front and back. Scald every little hole you see with a mound of little earth-pellets around it it is the home of the ant. On a sunny day tnese pellets are brought out of the nest to dry..- When the weather is : damp, at soon will be. you will see nothing but little holes in the ground. 1 1 tie ants are au at nome. Scald them r If your cellar is not oe men ted, hunt, the Tpeste 'there; ery likely you will find lots oi tnem. When the work here recommended has been done, clean out your closets, sugar-pails everything in the closets; rub one salt on the shelves,-lay clean yellow paper on them, and put back dishes, in the cracks of the floor, and around the sur- base of said closets should be placed ground red pepper. Ants will not come again for a long time. : When they again make a raid, as they may in a few months, give them a second scalding. R. G. SCROGGS, A. M. M. D. , .,. Physician and Surjre cm. ; t ; i Special attention paid to . Operative Surgery and Treatment of Chronlo i Dieeasee.: ''' V'l , ?' Office in rear of drug store nearly oppo , site the postoffice. . Offlee tuna Irena lla 1 uch neraaoaiai. J. JASKULEK, J l PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER, JEWELER AND OPTICAN. HMebBrar, orearew. (Opposite aoatoffloe.) DEALER IS Watches. Clocks & Jewelry. Spectacles ry AND EYEGLASSES. " Watches, CTocks and Jewelry carefully repaired. All work warranted. Genuine Brazilian Pebble spectacles and eyeglasses a specialty. . ' piagon avna Oavlirtralav T.A.C5KE LINBI TpawtHia ! TO 8AM RAKC.3C0 FOUIl DATS. IS3 QUICKEST, SAFEST AND i EASIEST EO DTE. STACKS LKAVS ROCEBURQ Day at t-M P. aft, VCtlmg mnUk eaianaetioa at Beadioc with tti an a ua (lift. R. S. For full particulars and passage apply to U. x. CSIKlt-fi-lajMl, AgV. TELEGRAMS. TERRIBLE DISASTER AT SEA. The. "Vers. fna Faumdered off the Floral Cut. St: Acbdtmb. Florida. Sept. 3. There is reaton to believe that the ttramer Vera Cms Of the Havana and Mexican line which tailed from New York,- Aug. 25tb, baa been lost wiut ait passenger ana crew. Parts of the mail she carried bare bern washed ashore, and cargo supposed to be hera strews the shore for forty miles below St. Augustine. Five bodies have also been washed aihore and a trunk bearing the name of one of the passenger in the ship , A large steamer, sup posed to base barn the Vtra Crux, was seen Saturday last about 60 miles off su jre from St. Augustine by a brig which wai wrecked in a gale which broke out on Suuday. On the following Thursday the mail matte.' was washed ashore. Nothing is known by the owner" in Net. York concerning the vessel's fate. The wir.s in Florida connecting with the Havana cable are unforuoately not working, so that no in- quint can oe uiaua ot agents at Havana The Vera Ciux was a staunch ship and she mual have, been struck by a hurricane, and probacy foundered on Satuiday night or dun day rooming The folloa.it g ia a )it of the passengers wbo sailed on the City of Vera duz: Ra fael Arrue, Mrs. R. Arru, Walter Belchie, Adola Kosque, alua h.. Mums, Miss A. Clark. W Gela, Mis Sadie Foy. Gen. Forbes. K. Franks, Mr. ii. A. Garcia, Mrs. G. A Gar cia, H, Giasbo, John Qladhill, John Gambay, Felix Hetnandta, Mrs. Hernandi i, E. Lioie fiwld, Uoderiguts A. Martinez, K. A. Owen, J. Ravensbarg, Mies T. Rubiu. O P. Silva. J. H. Maur, Alexander Walieniia, M. Welsh, Mrs. M. Welsh and Mt. H. Alexander. One mail bag contained letter for Cuba aud Mexico which bad been posted in Paris, France, August 13th, and another lot was found wi n envelopes bearing the postmark New York, Aug. 25th. This alone indicated that the lost vessel was a mail steamer bound for southern ports and founded the surmise that it must have been the Vtig of Vera Ous, as she left New York on the day last named. Closer examination showed leveral bills of lading of the steamer Vera Cruz Every hour brings news of some more startling dis covery in regard to the supposed wreck, and the body of a lady and little ehild have been found on shore, cast up bv the waves. They were buried by a party of wreckers on the' sands near tbe place where found. - This makes already five - bodies recovered. Three otbera beiug corpses of unknown per sona. Two, from their dress, are thought to be paisengers and tbe other was evidently a sailor. Tne trank found was marked " Her nandez." Two sailing vessels in addition to tbe brig Sddy have come rail ore aisee the gale near beie. Signs are that the hurricane has been very fatal to shipping. - The OUy of Vtra Oe was a wooden vessel, 1374 tons register, built at Green Point, L I , in 1874, for Alexander & Son's line, between this city, Havana and Mexico, in which trade she was employed. She was a screw vessel 296 feet long, 3? test beam and 26 ievt deep, and bad a draught of 19 feet water. She bad three decks, was brig rigged, and her motive power consisted of two compound cylinder engines. Her propeller was fifteen feet six inohea iu diameter, with a pitch, of twenty-three- feet. Iron strip four inches wide and five eighths of an inch iu tbickuess. doubled and diagonally laid, ttrenKthened the vessel very materially She bad accoiu modationa for 100 passengers ami was tiuelj furnished. Probabilities, Paaalblllilaa and O Niw Yobk. Sept. 3 ll is suicicetfed lhr in he event of an accident to the OUy of Vert Crux, ot it tbe steamer became uihusuuk bi in a storm,: tte crew and passengers mignt bave taken to the boats, briogiug tue mail with them and have afterward thrown tbe mail overboard to lighten. Tne postofiice authorities here say that the mail washed ashore postmarked New York. Aug 25ib, and Paris, Aug. 1st, Indicates that it arrived here by the Butuvia from, Liverpool end was riis patched by the CSiys Vtra tihti At the ollioe of Ibe'Alexnuder Liear ap noou to day no fuitiier iuforoiaiion ai to tUe r-p rted los had been, reeivd. - The owuerado not believe that the w earner to lust, bit tbiuk she encountered a burrtcaue, during winch the mail and baggage weut averboard : Caey pro neunce her one of tbe strongest laniT in the world. 8he was on the dock previous u tbe last trip. The vessel was worth A).OUO and was insured in tbe LiuJjn & America SwrrlTors at Jackaoa vllle. New Yoaa, ctit. 4 A telntram to the board of underwriters from Jacksonvile, an nounciog loss of the steamer Kara Unix, says tbe survivor or tbe crew are tnere in distms. Waiting assieisiance from the owners. The sieeintDip company to which the lost Vera Cruz belonged, telegraphed to St. Aagutir.e this afternoon, ( nitriiu their agent to forwsr 1 the survivors to New York without delay. Following is a complete list of tbe otHcrs of the Vera On when ebe arrived in taia port on her last trip: Cap. E. Van Hue: first officer, F. M Harria ; second officer, H. Kelson ; purser, Silss A. Wbi uey ; carpsu ter, H. Mulier; -quariermastei. C. Branden- boro and W. O'Neill : chief entineer, M Mil ler ; first astistaut eneineer. E. Brouk; sec ond assistant enuiueet. C. Smith. The bbdy of a young man has come ashore at Matanxas. it tiaj on only a snirt aca drawers. A few miles further south the body of an old gentleman who appears to have been about 68 or 60 year old was washed ashore, together with those of an . elderly lady and a young girl and child. It will gratify friends ef tbe drowned passengers and crew to know that letters have been found and will be retained until further inquiry is made respecting them. Many trunks nave come ashore and bave been rifled. It Is deemed unfortunate that there is no life sav ing station on ibis coast to pro'ect wrecked property and prevent it- from being lost or stolen. Mo portion ot the wreck bus come at h ore except sofa covers 1 with rl plush and : some pieces if furniture. Tbe ssved passenKerg .as fir aa . caa be learned were A K Owen of Chester. Pi. a civil englueef employed by the authorities ol Mexico; J. A Gnrcia. a Cuban of Hav ins, 27yeaisol fcge; and two piosseners wtow names conla not be learned, and who were to at rive at ot. Augustine today. BefiJes these passengers were a young lady and three men. whose nanus conid not bi learned. Tbe officers and men saved, so far as known, are Charles Brandenbnrg, quartermaster, aged 35 Tboe. Drurgold, 4 h awistant engineer, aged US. who resides m New York civ; John Greenfield, boatawain ; Jaa. U K4iy, sea man, of New lork. aged 33 ; Charles Smith second assistant enitmeer. of Baltimore, reed about 40. Three sailors re-eued give tbeir banns m Masou, Taibot uud oriau.au. atateaaent ef One af tha Sarrl vlng Sa . mmm. Ti e Tribune bss from Seaman Talbot the following story of tbe wreck or the steamer OUy of Vera Crux ; : About 30 miles off sboie we began to ship heavy seas, and water was found in the hold. ' As fast as we could clear ! her abe filled by another sea. Everything was pan'c Life boats were cut loose ready for action and all bands supplied with life pre servers. At daylight Sunday boats were low ered and manned. They no sooner got their cargo than they were overturned and smashed to atoms against die steamer, ail bauds being swept away or their lives dashed out against the vessel's aide. Boat after boat wa dashed to pieces in tbe same manner un til lew of the passengers would venture to leave the steamer. Tbe capta n and officer lost their lives in one of tbe boats. Every tbine was in perfect bedlam, people scream ing and shrieking for help on all sides. Tbe steamer was broken in two, and after a few surges she foundered and went down, carry ing with her all wbo wera on board. When t arose to tne sariace i coma see now ana men piece, of drift stuff and sometimes one or two men or women. They made no effort to save themselves and were drowned in my sight. A mother and daughter ware clasped iu each others arms during tbe gale and they cune ashore that way drowned. From that time till 4 in the afternoon 1 could see occasionally one or two men aa they rose upon the crest of a wave. It was useless to try to bold to any thing aa the sea would tear it from your grasp and drive you to and frj, fathom under the surface, and when regaining, you would bave to grasp something else. I was compelled to dive or dodge away from pieces of drift stuff, which would bave killed me if I were hit by them. After four I saw noons.. Th last time I saw Gen. Torbert alive be was aft with Mr. Owen wbo was saved with us. I saw Gen. Torbert again dead at Port Oraagi where he came ashore insensible. A boy found him and dragged him as far as he could and ran for assistance. When tbey got bck be was dead. Bruises on his head indicate that be was truck by drift stuff and stunned. Ode of our number swam from tbe wreck without the aid of life preservers. He was entirely oude ud cams ashore first. He was more or less bruised from tbe striking and buffeting of seaa and driftwood. , .- . A DtattsMpalelMal Vletl Among the passengers of the Vera Ona waa Major General Alfred Torbert, Who a sun gushed himself during tbe rebellion as a cay- "Independent ROSEBURG, OREGON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER li, 1880. a'ry commander. . General Torbert was at tached to the army of the wast, and a strong friend of General Grant. -. Tha BeaeaisM ef Oasb Tartars. Niw Yoei, Sept 4 Fritnd of tbe late General Torbert bave been telegraphed to make arrangements for bringing bis remains to Milford, Delaware, for interment. A dis patch jost received says that he was tempo rarily buired at Dayton by bis companion, Mr. Owen. Mr. Owen, tn adiipaich, says be his made arraegemenis to send tbe feutuins north. . Mrs. Torbert is frantm wii rif A BUSV WKKK. Woadarfal Bean er Activity tn lew York CUy. Nsw York, Sept. 6 Tbe World tf thU morning says : Tbe gtnTal trade of tbe c ty during tbe past week was aaain vary active and the distribution of merchandise from this point to various stations of he country was enormous iu volume. Probably the greatest activity was in the department of dry goods, where business for the week may be said to bave bren larger than that of the previous week and without aoy precedent in the biftory of the trade. Buyers were from all parts of tbe country, although those ffboi tbe south were largely 'n tbe majority. Bus iness with the -eonimission merchants wat fair, but the jobbers were pushed to an ex tent that necessitated a full employment of their forces, not only during tbe day bat far into tbe night. Broadway and aide streets, w le.-ein jobbing bouses are largely located, presented busy tcenea Fur blocks the side walks were covered with cases of merchandise turned out for shipment, aud it seemed as if the business of tbe city was being conducted in the ttreeta rather than in doors. Tbe electric lights were brough- into requisition, and altogether such scenes of activity and aninia.ion were never before witnessed in New York. - It is estimated that fully $4 000,. 000 in gold left foreign porta last week for this point. Tbe special feature of the stock marktt last week was the active demand for tbe invest ment in shares, which in many instances reached tbe highest figures ever recorded. ArrlTal f Kmlejraata. - New Yobk. Seot. 6. 8530 emigrants arrived last week. A forger IdeattAed. Ksw Yobk. 8eot 6. Elijah Allitter. arrested for dealing in stolen bonds of tbe Milwiukie snd St Paul Railroad Company, was to day identified by Col. Chas. Brougb'ou as the person who had given hi m securities to hy pothecate. Attempt ta Float Parked Motea. Attempts are making fo circulate $50 forged American bank note in Loudon. A ft. nave Captured. Naw York, Sept 6. Manuel Hansir. tafia Jacob Habick, charged witb extensive forger ies en tbe Industrial bank of Germany, was arrested to-day oo board tbe steamship Celtic, from Liverpool. Uabick at first denied his identity, but evidence among his pipe s be trayed him. The ninies of merchants in Odenheim, Oppeuheitn, Weingarten, Bon shoal, Heidleberz and other places were forced to checks on the Industrial bank m sums ranging from 9M to 2100 marks. Han sat said that be would waive all examination and return home. ' Death of Harry Josephs. - Bostoh. Sept. 6. Harry Joseohsv burlesoue actor, died here to-day. Ontras aa Hageratowa, Ohio. Hauiwtowh, 8et 5 Borne unknown per son fired into a democratic procession at Washington last n ght and instantly killed Perry WUaoa. a speetattr. No arrests ware JEaropeaa Demand for California Wlaaa. Niw York, Sent C The Herald, comment ing upon tba partial failure of French and Rhine wines this i-win, eavs : Californians ought to be able to' sell a lare pari of tbeir wine crop to t he Germans this year and to tbe French for some years to come. Wines of California sre so cheap and so pure that tbey have been nsed in increasing quantities in European Oouctrtes to give body to the wines of tho e oonntriea. No doubt some part of this export from California returns to tbe Unittd States in the shape f German and French wiuts, so failed It is a notable fact that the cheaper French wines are "Old here now at little if auy Mgber rates than when theFren.h piojunt. was nearlv three times what it is now. California wines are valued bv wine "manufacturers" in Hamburg, ftte and oihr pltcn abroad for the r ' mix in'' qualit-e, and tbii process, wh;c!i use fully ameliorate them, is much cetter under- bummI in European countries than her We already ferd Europe. It seems that we shall he presently called on to snppiy drink as we1! as food Moody to Attack Satan's Stronghold la Baa viBBriaea. NoRTHriKLD, Miu.. Sept. 6. D. L. Moody will begin a -eason cf evtngelical work in Sjq Francisco and remain there during the winter His family will remain iu North field. In choosing San Fraru-ijeo ai his n. it point of ttfirt be has i et overlooked the many difficulties to be nut or the strength of the influences that will operate against bis success. There is pr br)ly not another Urt city tn tbe country where the rutidtv or'.b - dox Christianity wbicu Jtoooy prj ;he his received such little encouragement hitherto as in 8sn Francisco. "Still he believes it is tbe place where be is roost needed at the present time, and believes Hist wita tue co opera) inn which lieexp-cts f.oin tbe churches the city wi 1 be deeply stirred. Fatal Kxulaaioa. Bradvokd. Pa . Sept. G At 10 o'clock this morning a 60 horse power boiler, in a pump station of the united lines 12 miles northeast of Bradford, exploded with terrible force, and killed an engineer named Bennett. - Bzplaalona. Biaokaoe, Sept. 6. Two explosions oc curred Saturday in the magazine of the for tress here, , setting fire to tbe opper story of the buiidinit. Tbe soldiers immediately re moved a half ton of powder stored in the lower story, as- it was reared the fire would communicate to the main stock of powder, consisting of 400 tons There-was great con sternation in tbe city ror 24 hours, i ae tire is atiU smouldering.- Tha magazine is a com plete wreck. FOREIGN. arreach Church Affair. Paris. Ang. C The Ttmps says : Noth;ng bss been changed since Premier de r reycinet explained hit policy relative to unauthorized congregitions in the chambers, except that bill on the right of association is being drawn. It would acarcelv ba Dtrmiaaible to dissolve such congregations before Ibis is discussed by the chambers, it will contain euective pre cautions and a special provision applicable to religious congregations. In the event of Us riji;ioti the only course would be to revert- to enforcement or tne March decrees. Drowned. The Loir announces that a boat belonging to Prince Galitzy foundered on the 3J tust. off tbe coast of Fiuisterre. Viscount Fieury, Mrs. Hennessy, an American lady, sod two nati res of England, were drowned. Break Affair. ' ;. Athshs, Sept. 8. All men thirty years of age were called out Saturday, which com pletes tbe preliminary stags of mobilization. Diplomatic Bsbmh, Sept. 6. Baron Magana, German minister to Denmark, whose recall from Copenhagen was receatly announced, has merely left bis post on farloazh. The meeting between Baron Hay merle. Aua- tro-tiurjganao premier, and Uismarei, was cordial. Tbey agree on all leading questions. Baatera AffUtre. - , Raousa, Sept. 6. Fourteen vesssls of the fleet are now assembled bere. Aa won the French division arrive, a, council of war will be held under l be presidency of Admiral 8ef incur to decide uoou the character of m eratiuna Admiral Cremor. commanding tbe twaaia'i flft l nas gone ro u-l'ing. " ioe Montenegrins already occupy eoiuc minor points In tbe ceded district, but Alba uiins hold- tha title Ue Pjoi aa t jo river Jim. , : I (: - la. -. Prime mlnivter Kadrie Puh a, bs offered tbe tn habitant i ot llulcigno, land, sou-h ol tbe Bojan, twice Ibe value of their pretent noicungs. i ue por e t.oes tn tuts prop sal wilt be accepted and the naval 3emous:rati jo obviated. Tha Dtopatad City. 1 VitsfA. Sept. 6 Albanians have twice at tempted to fire Dnkigno. K ta Fatba bat formally notified tbe local authorities tbat the town will be ceded on tte llitn lust. ''. WEST INDIES. Caaapletw Dairaetatloa la Jamaica. - Baltimore, Sept 6. Tbe Newt Letter of the 28th of August contains further particulars ot tbe storm which devastated Jamaica. . Utter destruction followed the storm aa j the dam age could not be estimated. In TJppark Camp tbe prisoners were released to save their livts threatened by falling buildings. Two wom en were killed at Gleugoffeby a house falling upon tbem. At Newcastle one soldier and three women are reports i killed. Not green leaf is to be seen for miles, and twenty years will be required lo r del ore the place to 1 the condition which eiis'ed before the storm. in all Things; Neutral The American Bragg Band. Medical men are fond of finding in some one particular cause the origin of all the evils to which the raoe ia subject. At one time they assumed that the great first cause of disease was the adulteration of food, and they con clusively demonstrated that every ar ticle of food ' consumed by : civilized man was adulterated with unwhole some and poisonous ingredients suf ficient in quantity and quality to pro- duce death in ratherj less than twenty- four hours. After la while the public tired of hearing of the adulteration of food, and th doctors then took up the fascinating topic' of sewerage, ' and informed us I hat all our houses were filled with sever gas to such an extent as to render it certain that we must all die of t; phus fever, : diphtheria, cholera and ' several other choice as sorted disease! in the eonrse of six or eight weeks. Now we hear a; great deal less about sewer gas than we were forceU to hear two or three j weeks ago, and tjhe contamination of water is the favorite topic of medical and sani tary writers, it seems that, with per haps one or two exceptions, J every well, cistern, spring anil aqueduct in the country contains the germs of thirty-eight distinct and deadly fevers, besides those of nearly all other protni nient and popular - diseases. While it is, of course, creditable to the doctors that they have discovered that; food,, sewer-gas and water are each the sole cause of all diseases, it is odd that they have failed, to notice the deadly nature of the American brass band. It is nearly time for them to find a new scapegoat to take the place of contami nated water, and there is no doubt that the brass band will prove a per fectly satiH factory substitute. The chief reason of the fatal character of our brass bands is the fact that they are, with very rare exceptions, con structed on the model of the bands in use among African native kings, which consist entirely of drnms and tin horns. Our band-masters appear to be as ignorant of reeds as is the King of Uganda. Instead of employing clarion ets to carry the melody, and depending upon brass instruments for harmonic effects, they use cornets exclusively, and then try to drown the shriek and blare of those execrable instruments with a big bass drum. To the American, as to the native African mind, band consists of a drum and a miserable apology for a horn. The other brass instruments seem to be added only to increase the volume of sound, and are rarely permitted to form anything bnt the simplest chords with the cornets. The drum is, of the two, more impor tant in the American brass band than is the cornet. The drummer conceives that his business is to conduct the band, and he bangs away with apparently no other object than that of marking time. He does this so steadily and conscien tiously that he renders the conductor with his baton entirely superfluous, and compels the other instruments to sink by comparison into insignificance. There are times when the occasional note of the bass drnm is tolerable, and in certain passages syncopated; notes may be struck by the drummer with really hne enect. In the American brass band, however, the drnm recalls the sweet music of a lumber wagon bumping over a rough road, and imparts to the entire band the musical eharuoter of a machine shop in busy operation. - . s n'j-.,.h - .: l ne enect of the brass band upon tne health and spirits of a community where it prevails can be ascertained with very investigation, and even Dr. Tracy could probably find out something about it in the course of ten or fifteen years of care ful observation. It is of great use to unprincipled hotel-keepers in confusing the mind of the public and paralyzing its will. For example, there is a hotel at the head of Lake George, where the steamboat from the lower end of the lake and the stages from the railway sta tion stop before proceeding to tbe other hotel. Whenever a stage or a steamboat is sighted the astute hotel-keeper orders his baud to play. It is probably one el tbe most deadly bands in the country, and the traveler who hears it straight way becomes wholly unable to perform the smallest process of thinking. He may have previously determined to go to another hotel, but with the awiui strains of the brass band ringing in his ears, he falls an immediate and helpless prey to a horde of colored waiters, and is led into the hotel. duKted. assigned to a room, and taken to dine with the other prisoners in tue great nau oeiore ue realizes nis con i , ... . r. v . dition. The power of the American brass band to produce mental imbecility and total loss of will-power, is an evil which cannot be over-estimated, and which can be combated only by the com- blete annoression of the baud. Many p6ople imagine that tne disorder which frequently disgraces excursion parties is due to intemperance. On the contrary-it is due to the inevitable brass band, ilen may embark on board an excursion steamboat where not a drop of ardent spirits can be obtained, and after hearing the brass band play the "Mulli gan Guards" and "Whoaf Emma" fifteen times each, thev fall UDon one another in frenzy and fight like tigers. Can any one point to a fight which has taken place On an excursion steamboat where there was no brass band in active opera tion? Of conrse.no one can. It is, then, the fatal influence of the band which leads the mild tailor to rise up and harm the unoffending shoemaker, and trans forms the peaceable baker into a blood thirsty maniac. It is in vain that the police authorities try to keep the peace where brass bands exist. It cannot be done, for the baaas drnm and the cornet will induce even women to tear each other's hair and to throw camp stools at men . who have not even been formally introduced to them. It may readily be imagined that if an accident occurs to a steamboat on board of which a brass band has been playing a panic is inevitable. The band having temporarily demoralized tho nervous system of the ' passengers, and reduced them to mental imbecility, they are utterly unable to help themselves when brought face to face with danger, and give way to the wildest panic. No prn dent person shonld dream of taking pas sage on board a b team boat where a brass band is permitted. , It is true that such steamboats occasionally have a long im munity from disaster, but when the in evitable acoident does come : tbe con sequence will be fearful. opace will not permit tne discusssion of the long train of nervous and cerebral diseases which the American braes band produces. It may, however, be safely said that in this respect it is far worse than murder. It may not be necessary to totally abolish the brass band, but the first step in reform the killing of the drummer and the braining of tbe cornet- player with his own instrument shonld not be delayed a single day. New York Timet. Snrely our women cannot think about the subject, or they would never promote this saennce of bud-life for a mere ireaa of fashion. The rage for feather trim mings has almost annihilated tbe ribbon trade of Coventry; Men, women and ohildren in that once busy city are Starving because fashion has produced a new style of ornament. So that to please ! the latest whim, birds must die and chil dren mnat atarva. Tan may stand on the bridge at Coventry" and see scores of people loitering there, who, bnt for the snpercedure of ribbons by feathers, would be bnsy at work ia the lock-up molls. London Letter. in Nothing.,; - ; V, Left on the Field. Peril acs von know what it ia tn liavA a bullet plow its way into your flesh, bnt were you ever left wounded on the field left to wear , away hours of daylight amidst groans and prayers and curses to wear away a night which seemed years long, while men shrieked in agony and died while wounded horses sighed and groaned and dragged themselves along while ghouls prowled over the blood-red grass and wet their fingers in warm blood as they searched the bodies of dead and wounded for plunder? "forward! ; came the order. J , i I looked up and down the lii.e as we left the cover of tbe woods, and the regi ment was dressed as il on parade. We were the battle-front of a bricrade. and were going to charge a battery half a mile away. No skirmishers out no firing. The batterv was belching away under a clond of blue smoke, and the ground was open and clear. . i Jirampl Tramp! Tramp! No lagging no forging ahead. - Common time march 1 march! march! It was snail's pace, bnt we were to increase it. The left of the line was Bwiutriog ahead a lit tle as the impatient men increased their steps, when suddenly the enemy discov ered our maneuver. - There was a lull in the firing for fifteen second as the battery changed front, and then a shell tore through the center and battered six or eight men into bloody pulp. - " Double-quick charge ! and away we went, each man shutting his teeth hard as he entered the smoke-cloud, from under which the red tongues of death leaped forward to scorch . dozens and scores and hundreds. A. grim veteran on my loft raised a cheer. It was yet on his lips when a grape-shot tore a hole through his breast and sent him (into a dry ditch, dead be fore he struck the grass. Two brothers on my right halted for an instant as tbe grape and canister shrieked around them. I looked back and they were gone dead under the feet of the second line. ! ' - How far it was ! How long it took us to pass over that quarter of a mile ! Now we see shadows around the guns new the powder-flame burns our faces now we are cheering -and shouting and using bayonet. The guns are ours ! Men fall to the ground as they step into pools of blood. Every gun has its blood stain every wheel is covered with crim son spots. Men died before the guns around them behind them. We cheer big 1 hip 1 hu- 1 . . ' Where am I? The afternoon sky is overhead the roar of battle is in my ears 1 am lying on my back on the ground. What does.it mean? How came this? Heavens! What a burning, blistering, gnawing sensation in my left leg above the knee ! I am wounded, and I am lying where I first went down. The guns were here, but they are gone now part of them captured part of them here part of them dragged by band. Tne tide ot battle nas snitted, and on this meadow the dogs of war are tearing at each other s throats. ... Is there any one else here r '-1 lift my head. Any one else ? Great God ! but the field is covered with dead and wound ed- with men writhing and groaning with fragments of bodies with pale faced dead with blood-stained -dying! I can touch the dead on either side, and close behind ine a piteous voice call out: " Comrade,- for the love of Heaven give me a drink !" :-. . sw- mS That pain again. Is my leg being roasted over a slow. Are r scream and shriek and clutch grass and ' keep com pany with thousands of others who are being tortured to insensibility by pain or driven to distraction by the still-con tinued carnage. Ah! it is night, ine falling dew bos brought more than one soldier back to life and renewed suffering. .The batter ies are silent. The muskete are resting after their deadly work. There is si lence no! From woods and meadow and knoll and valley, from almost every yard of ground on that long battle front, rise groans and cries ana prayers and pleadings. A General prides himself on a strategic movement a Colonel will be promoted for bravery a Major is nat tered by the cheers of the living a Cap tain is proud that his men stood like a stone wall, and the result is five thou sand dead and wounded men fathers, brothers and sons. This is glory, Scream and shriek, bnt some one has won fame. Pray and lead and rave and curse, but the telegraph is flashing the news of a glorious victory over the country. The enemy has not retired as yet, but is gutting ready to fall Dock, when tue night grows older. Hark! is some one moving? xes, it is a step. Is it some wounded man hob bling away under cover of darkness? Nearer nearer and some one looks in my face. It is the ghoul of the battle field the hyena who drags his talonn through blood and gaping wounds to rob dying mens pockets. "Uo away 1 am not dead! : 1 shriek in his face aa he bends closer, and he leaps asiue to growl and curse and search the body of one whose pale upturned face is just catching' the silver raya of the new moon, I hear more steps, Ghoul meets ghoul and holds a whisper ed conversation, and they separate with nands I ml ot plunder, now comes a heavier step. A trooper's horse ia drag ging himself across the held, a shattered leg making him utter almost human groans. He is more merciful than the ghouls. He weaves and tarns to avoid the bodies in his. path he even halts and puts his nose against the faces of the the dead as if he would speak to them no, aud until midnight comes aid goes, and then lanterns flash, the ghouls speed away, and strong men carefully lift up the wounded and carry white faces as they find old comrades lying stiff and stark in pools of clotted gore And all this for what? Vttrou Free Prest, The Uses or Water. Water-power for household purposes has been brought into use at Zurich. Frewood, for ex ample, is to be sawn into convenient lengths for burning. A small sawing- machme. on wheels, is drawn or two men to thn front of the house. They connect it by a flexible tube with the nearest hydrant: the water flows to the machine; the saw dances and cuts nn t.h wood with surprising, ra- Tifdilv. The Quantity of water used is shown by an indicator ffirul in the' aawing-machino A portable turbine has also been invented, and employed in many places in the city, ;n Jrinnir a flramms machine for the purpose of electric light. Water is sold very cheap in Zurich; but there are per Kana nthur towns in which this. o to call it, domestic water-power could be advan tageously introduced. ,. -,A. turbine of about four inches in diameter has for some time been sold. Jts office is to work a sewing machine.. An india rubber tube is attached to the ordinary water supply a similar tube acting as waste pipe to tne nearest sins.. FnuaroSHrp. Many have talked in very exalted language of the perpetuity of friendships of invincible constancy and unalienable kindness, and some ex amples have been seen of men who have continued faithful to their earliest choice, and whose affections have predominated over changes of fortune and contrariety of . opinion. But those instances are memorable because tbey are rare. The friendship which is to be practiced or expected by common mortals must take its rise from mutual pleasure, and must end when the power ceaees of de lighting each other. -' "The Friaee of Wales' Set" y c As a fair specimen of social depravity in what is called "the Prince of Wales' set," just take the case of Mrs. Buller. Who ia Mrs. Buller? A butterfly, to be sure, but a butterfly with a method in her madness, and one who. albeit her wings are pnseemingly tarnished, waa seen in a public place the other day walking about on the arm of the prince ot Wales. - . But let's to her history as related V in ' the courts; Mrs. Buller, which her maiden name : is Catharine Louisa Rigley. began her pub lic career by (running away from Lieut. Kingscote, heir first husband, with a well known cricketer and athlete, formerly of tue Zd J-iile unards, Capt. Charles Fran cis Butler, i The injured husband promptly sued for a divorce, and upon the decree being made absolute Mrs. Kingscote became Mrs. Butler. Hew ever, tbe crack cricketer proved not only a tyrant, but faithless, aud last Novem ber his wife obtained a decree nisi on the ground of cruelty, and also adultery with Miss Alma Stanley, a burlesoue actress, who is said to be going to Ameri ca with her troupe, headed bv Mine. Seliua Stanley, whose testimony was of the most unblushing character, and who has since formed an alliance with a young gentleman who is considered the" most beautiful of English actors; he. too. is married but no matter! You will say alreadyHhat this is very much mixed ; but just wait, that s all. This week the Queen's proctor intervened to prevent the decree nisi obtained by Mrs. Buller from being made absolute, alleging that material facta had been suppressed from the the knowledge of the court, and that the petitionee herself had committed adultery with Lord Marcus Bresford and Mr. Herbert Flower, whereby she waa not entitled to the relief which she prayed. The accused parties answered, denying the charge. The Uneen a proctor endeavored to set forth that Mrs. Buller had, during her married life been guilty on several oc casions, and with more than one individ ual. Six years ago she and Capt. Buller went during the autumn, to Burcot, -beighton Jttuzzard, where was a hunting box belonging to Cyril Flower, M. P., the brother of Mr. Herbert Flower, whose conduct with Mrs. Buller was now under consideration. Not only was it proven to the satisfaction of the jury that she and Mr. Herbert Flower were guilty there, as well aa in London, and at Bivermead, Sunbnry-on-Thames, but that Mrs. Buller waa in the habit of con stantly visiting Lord Marcus Beresford, who resided at No. 10 Victoria square, Pimlico, and dining alone with him; that she came to the house day after day and stayed with him until a late hour of the night, and that letters passed between them. The council was in possession of facts with regard to others whose names were of course known to his learn ed friends on the other side, bnt he did not desire to mention them unless it was essential. ' This referred to Lord Dupplin (lately mentioned as the possi ble fianoe of Miss Yanderbilt, or at least as an aspirant for her hand), and to CoL Vivian; probably, too, to an even more exalted personage. And it is a remarka ble fact that Lady Dupplin, divorced on tbe ground of her misconduct with Mr. Herbert Flower, has since become the wife of that gentleman. So here we have a pretty mess in "the Prince of Wales set. Mrs. Buller, guilty as Mrs. Kings cote with Capt. Buller, and now found guilty with Mr Herbert Flower; Lady Dupplin (now Mrs. Flower), guilty with Herbert Flower, and- therefore divorced from Lord Dupplin. in turn accused with Mrs. Buller, and Capt. Buller guilty with Alma Stanley. Much of the evidence in the present ease was given by servants, and from, their , tattle we learned that Lord Marcus Bereford was familiarly termed "Marky," that Mr. Herbert Flower was called "My Dolly," just as LadyJ Gay Spanker duba her little man,: and that there was kissing, ton be seen in the draw ing-room by. domestics who had their eyes about tbem. One indignant house maid deposed she left the Buller'i service on account of "a misunderstand ing the gallant captain had tried to kiss her when she took up his hot water. The counsel for the defense did bis best: he admitted that Mrs. Buller s conduct bad been indiscreet, but would allow nothing more. The captain and his wife be long to a sporting set; she was fond -of hunting and 'he of athletic sports, and their friends had congenial tastes. Mr. Herbert t lower was not only a friend of the captain's, but was a young man barely of age at the time material to thir inquiry. As for Mrs. Buller, she denied every thing, even to s the kissing, and could not remember anything at all poor, weak woman, she characterized the servants who had testified to certain incidents as thieves, whom she had dis charged from her service. The jury were out but five minutes, when they brought in a verdict that Mrs. Buller was gudty with Mr. Herbert Flower, but not with Lord Marcus Beresford. Lon don Cor, Pittsburgh Telegraph. A Brooklyn Princess. A divorce suit is pending in Brooklyn entitled Trice against Trice, the parties being Colored, in Connection with wnicn there are some curious stories. Botn sides; claim a decree," the wife, who is the plaintiff, on the ground of the defendant's unhnsbandlike conduct, and the husband on the ground that when he married the woman she bad a nusDand lirinff in Africa, bo less a person than the King of the Ashantees. About the year 18o5, a tall young black from Africa found his way to Brooxiyn. ne couiu not speak English, but he acquired me language readily, and it was soon known in the Siloam Presbyterian church, into wWli 1l& hanuened- to. 1MU that ne was AlWt Affaruon. the eldest son of the Ashantee king. He had heard in his country of the great, world beyond, and bad set out, use ine pnuw us was to see it. He was an ob- iwt -of 1 great interest to the s. fe male" members' of the church, but es caped all their snares until the plaintiff in the present suit, tnen a comeiy color ed widow, smiled upon him. He marn her, and she became a princess.. ' Tbey lived together in harmony for some years, and a little prince was born, who is still a resident oi urooxiyn. in tue meantime-the prince .became an, ardent Christian, and was licensed to preach. After ft; while 'be was persuaded that through him Christianity might be tablished among his native people, and with this as bis mission, Be set out on a visit to bis early home.-; Upon, reaching the gold coast, he wrote back to his wife that his father; the Jung, was growing feeble and desired .his first-born to be near him, ready when death came to re ceive his mantle. This was the last ever heard ia Brooklyn from Prince Agamon After several years had elapsed, tbe Brooklyn Princess was married to Chas. Trice, who ia now a waiter at th Rocka- way hotel. -JV. Y . lent. A digestive ferment has been discov ered by Bouchut in the milky juice ot the fig tree. He placed five grammes of the partially coagulated juice in a glass with sixty grammes of distilled water and ten grammes of moist fibrine, and brought tne whole to a temperature of 50 degrees. The juice digested the fibrine. - - .',..-;;.. t . tty Mique), fn Paris, from December 1879 to June 1S8U, it seems that every increase of atmospheric bacteria is followed, in about eight days, with an increase of th deaths from infectious diseases. NO. 22. Arctic Ballooning. When, some years ago, the Alert and Discovery left England, the crowds whioh bade the orews good-bye, gave tbem a hearty cheer and wished them God-speed. There were those wbo hoped they would achieve success, and possi bly plant the Union Jack on the north pole. But less excitable and more thoughtful men, who knew what arctic navigation meant, and what dangers and difficulties had to be overcome, were less sanguine. The doubters were right, lor. from soma reason or other, the splendid sailors who went north never came with in six hundred miles of the magic point. but, overcome by scurvy, cold, and fa tigue, returned to say that the project of reaching the apex of the earth was a visionary and impossible one. English men are proverbially difficult to beat and slow to despair, and it ia not to be won dered at that at this juncture one of them, Commander Cheyne, devised a way of meeting the difficulty, la hit opinion, navigation by sea and land hav ing failed, there remained but one otner to try, to wit: the air, and nnder the patronage of Lord Derby, the idea grew till yesterday, at the Alexandra palace, it found iU first illustration in an experi ment which, in point of, interest, could not be easily surpassed. . We all know that the regions near the pole are cold. whatever the center may be; it is patent to all, also, that to be left by any acci dent in a balloon car helpless on the ice, midway between ship and destination, or, indeed, would be, to say the least of it, sqmewhat inconvenient, u not posi tively unpleasant. Commander Cheyne foresaw this, and in his scheme Included the idea of three linked ballons, which. fastened together to a strong triangle of wood, would bear four cars, one at each point, and one in the centre, so arranged that should any one balloon break down, the car dependent on it could be slipped along the triangle and rest upon the re maining globes, stul passing along through' the air without inconven ience. Still. a trial appeared necessary, though the prinoiple was ap proved, and the experiment was made last night.. It must be premised, of oonrse, that the trial was accomplished under very different circumstances than the. pole will ever witness. In the first place, the three linked baloons ascend without any other incubus than a sand-bag, and, therefore, caused no risk of life. . But the interest of the undertaking lay in the fact that a larger baloon, to which was attached a car containing Mr. Coxwell and some other gentlemen, quitted the earth immediately afterward', and showed what difference was to be expected in a ear held np by one balloon and a car sup ported by three. ,. The voyageurs were not laboring, it must be remembered, under precisely the same conditions which would hamper Arctic . travelers. They were not boxed up in a close heated carriage, as they must be in tha north. Neither were they provisioned with pemmican and lime juice, but had the choicest of wines and food which the vast cellars and kitchens of Alexandra palaces could afford. . Still, there were many things of great interest to be noted, and they were the following: First, that the three balloons fastened to the tri angle bumped -violently together with great energy very often, and had they supported cars in the air must have given the occupants a very fair idea of what sea sickness meant, - Secondly, that they took a course somewhat different from that which was marked out by the single dalloon, and so showed that some allow ance must be made for this novel mode of aerial navigation.- Thirdly, 'they proved that the idea of a triple team in the air was a possible and "workable one, and that the balloons will not burst. tbat they will go along merrily enough enough without fighting against each other, and that the Arctic aerial naviga tor, with three of them, will be very much safer than the man who would at tempt to go with one. Altogether, the idea of Commander Cheyne was found to be feasable, and, it is to be hoped, will now be carried into practice. As the rival balloons went aloft, it waa clear that had three instead of one balloon guided the destinies of Mr. Cox well's party the ascent would have been a safe and the result as satisfactory as with the single aerial globe. And difficult though it may he to forecast the adventures of any exhibition in such unknown regions as these which immediately envelop the north, it is not too much to say, after the last experiment, that a new line has been struck out and a new idea originated which may very possibly end in the planting of the British flag upon the north pole. London Telegraph. . The Female Thumb. The female thumb is said to be an inv Ttortant index of the female character. Women with large thumbs axe held by Dhrenologiste. physiognomists, etc., to be more than ordinarily intelligent what are called sensible women; while women with small thumbs are regarded as romantic. According to certain au thors, who Drofess to have, been observ ers, a woman's hand is more indicative of a woman's character than her face, as the latter is. to a certain extent, nnder the control of temporary emotions, or of tbe will, whereas tho former is a fact which exists for anyone who understands it to profit by. Women with square hands and small thumbs are said to make good housewives and gentle wives. This sort of women will make any man happy who is fortunate enough to win them. Tbey are not at all romantic, bnt they are what is better thoroughly domestic. Women with long thumbs have tempers of theirown. and generally a long tongue. There is a hint in this to a lover. Let him, the first time he seizes hold of his mistress s band, examine, nnder some tirstext or another, her thumb: and if it be large, let him make np his mind that as soon as he becomes a married man he will have to be very very careful. Again if a young man find that his lady-love has a large pain, witn cone-shaped un gers and a small thumb, let him thank his stan for in that case she is suscep tible to tenderness, readily flattered. easily talked into or out of anything, and readily managed. Bnt if she is a woman with a square hand, well-proportioned, and only a tolerably developed thumb, then she is either one oi two distinct classes of women ft practical female who will stand no nonsense, or she is a designing female: a woman who oannot be duped, or a woman who will dupe him. Hard Work Essbictiai, to Scccwm. T'.riwjpri ? rrVi t Via) -vstr-V tm ftataATvf i al tj St10 cess in anything that is worth doing the world. No native ability relieves man from tha naceaaitv of earnest ana persistent application to whatever he nnnArta-kaa if lia wnnM Via efficient in his endoavora. Thin ia aa true for men of brilliant ranina aa for those of moderate capabilities. Indeed, it is commonly mnnoTtizAil hv tliAm mora readily than by inferior minds. "The fact is," says Bus kin, "that a man of genius is always far wnVr Aak si w (a aarawW li on other people. and gets so mnch mora good from tte work thai h .Ioas and is often SO tittle conscious of th inherent divinity in i him self that he is very apt to rib all his capacity to his work, and to tell to those who ask him how be came to be what ha . t t uuikinr. which I muou jI.m t mti, m-vaair so merely by labor. So, if man think he hs mn;. i Jirantias or : another. US will best prove it by working hard an 1 persistently at anything h andertak in that Arlitm. ' HlS geDlUS WUl nroatnt him to labor, not reliev hiia from labor." ,' ; Neatly expeditiously ax-, t AT POBTL4MD 5R V. '-. useful Enarcs. Rexkdt fo Soss-XXead nr F. A correspondent sends the follow the Bulletin: I noticed recently graph in a Los .. Angeles pa;er represents that a disease called head" was killing off the poultry section. "Sore -head" is a diseas cs. X to )sra- hich ahich is quite familiar to poultry raise y es pecially to those who. are oompe :A to Keep their lowia ia close eonfia went It is one of the many forms which ?np has of manifesting itself. It first a i ars aa a blotch on the fowl's face or a wel ling in the corner of the eye. By gctly drawing the thumb and finger frou the eye forward a quantity of matter will probably be expelled at the nostril. It baa a strong and offensive smell, and after it begins to flow from the eyes and nostrils, the bird loeea its appetite, re fuses food, mopes about, and soon dies. The simplest remedy is to wash the bird'a head with a mixture efLabaraqne'a solution and water (two or three table spoonfuls to a quart of wrier is enough), and bathe with the same the body and wings where the bird tacks itc head when it goes to aleep. Often it will be found that the discharge will . have ac cumulated in tbat location, in which ease it ought to be carefully removed. The mixture in question ia a perfect, dis infectant. Feed the chickens during the treatment with soft and stimulating food, and put a little sulphur in the water used . by the poultry to drink. Where these directions are enxef ally followed there is not much danger cf any great mortality in the poultry yarda. I have cured some of the most hcpeieaa cases with it. Fish Soot. Fish soups can be made of a very delicate teste, bnt there ia so space to enter much upon them. Take a half pound of beef or lean ham, chop it fine, add flavoring, simmer for half an hour, add to it one pound cf fresh fish and a little vegetable, including half a finely chopped onion or parsley; simmer another half hour; have either steamed rice prepared or toast cut in very small squares; pour the soap through a sieve, either on rice or toast or two eg-gs beaten up, and this soup will invigorate you. Fish Pns. The idea shonld be dis carded that fish is only an adjunct to meat. Fish can very well stand alone and make a meal. Fish pies, covered with suet crust, make a good meal. The fish require-, however, a little bscm put to it, or a litue finely ccopped-u;. beef or sausage-meat, say a Quarter of a pound, onions nnely chopped, and pars- j W, with the flavoring of pepp ? and salt and a spoonful of catsup. V; a ar- eet t tha d the ranged fish pies are very relishicj . crust is lighter than, lard crust, t suet must be chopped very fine, t crust be made. with warm water. Mocha Popdiho Take tarv wt&. beating the yolks and whites se, , teiy ; one cup of flour, one-third of a t - won ful of soda, and one teaapco: .1 of cream tartar. Stir together qui ; ' and bake in two pans, the batter bein, : ut in three-quarters of aa inch thtc... - Bet away to get cold; now take tw id a half .cups of sweet miik, foe ible- -spoonsful of sugar and two qi . . of flour and one egg. Boil all toge ' : r un til it thickens, and flavor with tr e of the strongest ooilee that can b : ..ads. Put this cream between the two !-.- - of cake, and ioe it with aa icing : ired with coffee. ; Past Doopmwos. This is a Ne -Eng land dish. Take three cups of meal, three cups of Xnd:re- jree one egg and three tec epoot 3 of molasses; add a little as.: and I ioei od enough rich- sweet milk to ke batter stiff enough to drop ja s spoon. Fry toft good brown - hot lard.- "; :-: . r SPAirrsH Fkittxks. Cut the cr b of a French roll into lengths, as t k as your finger, in what shape yot ' will. -Soak in some cream or milk, -a - leg, sugar, pounded" cinnamon aw ; ?gg. When well soaked, fry of ft nice wa: and serve with butter, wins and . tgar sauce. ALL S0STS. . Words have double weight when Jiere . is a man and character back of 'thru.- H. Mann. .. ''..'. ... The superiority of some men is merely local. They are great beeanite their associations are little. Johnson. . Good taste is the modesty of tha mind ; that is why it cannot be either imitated or acquired, Madame de Girardin. What I admire in Columbus is not hia having discovered ft world, but his hay i . .u r r.: v an opinion. ll urgot. A cheerful face is nearly as rood for an invalid as healthy weather. To make . a sick man think he is dying, all tliat is necessary is to look half dead yourself. There are many things that will maka a man mad, but one is enough whtnhis wife tells him he can't have any dinner because she couldn't get the wash-boiler off the stove ia time. , It is difficult, I own, to blend and unite tranquility in accepting, and energy in using, the facts of life; bnt is not im possible; if it be, it is impossible to be happy. Epiotetus. Wa are firm believers in tho maxim khat, for all right judgment of any man or thing, it is useful, ney, essential, to his good qualities before pronouncing on his bad. Carlyle. ? A man out West was offered ft plate of macaroni sons, but declined it, declaring that they "couldn't play off any biled pipe stems on him. ; . - j If Adam had been created a boy in- . stead of a full-grows man, he would have elnbbed all tha apples off froa that tree before the serpent had ft chauoe to get through the fence around taeraen. A negro who wa suspected of farrep- titiously meddling with his neighbors fruit, being caught tn a garaeu aj moon light, nonplussed -.. nis oewewra vj raising his eyes, clasping his hai- is and dis yere darkey can't go nowhere K3 pray any more without beia 'started.'' -. T now have something lo? rainy day." said old Mr. MoSniflkin lift other evening, as ne enierw ;- i and ;aifa in, ia "Ke, - drew -ts aa waa tiling ptioa. ; aead, oier greeted his family. wi-i.-windfalir screamed Mrs. McS? .! an ecstacy oi bbsi" no," he responded, quiauy, as . his slippers from under th soft, nmhralla.'' MrS.Mc3.told .hit. a real mean old thing. A literal-minded little fellow on Cap Cod, wno leuca tne sc mi in tne viiukw tr.rt,u. a but sleepetb' raa in alarm to fa nd said: "We mast go home ri, ; won't stay her ail night, aeyho bury people here when tay go . I saw on of them cut ia tli gl and do yoa rupnoee Fll sleep . night and have them bury raef " ; e ; a TU.T yard, .... "a to- How Got- Sox XT at -Aa .st a tie f'ltr to liit i-ii'-r .e i voire American Arrived fee othr little hotel in a Frenc h proviso -Tired and dusty with travel. manded a room and plenty of wash in. "Water! - We w drop," said the l&nalori. expressions ot diasahsiactioa n nis room ana oegsn csuowius u that could- fcav beea nera "Firl Fir!! FireUt ,At rir- vants rushed np st&irs and into c oom, bearing in ; tiieiy hand vessel of tA sorts filled with water witb wLu "-o ex tinguish the fiames. "Ah," a .. Uj s guest, turning com posrdiy cr. "yoa may leave tha water. 1 haa y ; that ia ail."